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Vocabulary Unit 4

4A

teenager
/tinedr/

noun [C]

someone who is between 13 and 19 years old

annoying
/n/

adjective

making you feel annoyed: an annoying habit/cough

to knock
verb (MAKE NOISE) /nk/ /nk/
to repeatedly hit something, producing a noise:
She knocked on the window to attract his attention. There's someone knocking on/at the door. Please knock before entering.

to carry on
phrasal

verb with carry

/kri/ verb

to continue doing something:[+ doing sth]


The doctors have warned him but he just carries on drinking. Carry on with your work while I'm gone.

channel
noun [C]

/tnl/

a television or radio station

to roll ones eyes


to move your eyes so that they are looking up, usually to show surprise or disapproval

elf
noun [C]

/elf/ (PLURAL elves)

a small person with pointed ears who has magic powers in children's stories

to complain
verb [I]

/kmplen/

to say that something is wrong or that you are annoyed about something:
Lots of people have complained about the noise.

battery
noun

/btri/

an object that provides electricity for things such as radios, toys, or cars:
Are there any spare batteries for my camera?

to argue
verb

/ju/

to speak angrily to someone, telling them that you disagree with them:
My parents are always arguing about money. Kids, will you stop arguing with each other?

wardrobe
noun

/wdrb/ (ALSO US closet)

a large cupboard for keeping clothes in

to borrow
verb

/br/

To use something that belongs to someone else and give it back later:

Can I borrow a pen please? I borrowed the book from my sister.

carer
noun [C] /kerr/ UK (US caregiver)
someone who looks after a person who is young, old, or sick

reputation
/repjten/

noun [C]

the opinion that people have about someone or something based on their behaviour or character in the past:
Both hotels have a good reputation. He has a reputation for being lazy.

description
noun

/dskrpn/

something that tells you what someone or something is like:


I gave the police a description of the stolen jewellery.

to estimate
verb [T]

/estmet/

to guess the cost, size, value, etc of something:[+ that]


They estimate that a hundred people were killed in the accident.

to look after sb/sth


phrasal

verb with look

/lk/ verb

to take care of someone or something by keeping them healthy or in a good condition:


Could you look after the children while I'm out?

wheelchair
noun [C]

/wilter/

a chair with wheels used by someone who cannot walk

massage
/msd/ /msd/

noun [C, U]

the activity of rubbing or pressing parts of someone's body in order to make them relax or to stop their muscles hurting:
to have a massage. She gave me a foot massage.

leather
noun [U]

/ler/

the skin of animals that is used to make things such as shoes and bags: a leather jacket

changing room
noun [C] UK
a room in a shop where you can try clothes, or a room where you change into clothes to do sport

to sign up
phrasal

verb with sign

/san/ verb

to agree to become involved in an organized activity:[+ to infinitive]


I've signed up to do the sandwiches for the street party. She's signed up for evening classes at the community college.

stripe
noun [C]

/strap/

a long, straight area of colour: white with blue stripes

receipt
noun

/rsit/

a piece of paper that proves that you have received goods or money: Could I have a receipt?

offer
noun [C]

/fr/

a cheap price or special arrangement for something you are buying: This special offer ends on Friday.

to make sense
to have a meaning or reason that you can understand: He's written me this note but it doesn't make any sense.

to make certain/sure
to take action so that you are certain that something happens, is true, etc.:
I'll just make sure I've turned the oven off. Make certain (that) we have enough drink for the party.
Make sure you're home by midnight.

to make up your mind


(ALSO make your mind up)
to decide: I haven't made up my mind where to go yet.

to make an appointment
noun (ARRANGEMENT) /pnt.mnt/
A2 [C] make a formal arrangement to meet or visit someone at a particular time and place: I'd like to make an

appointment with Dr Evans, please.

to do/try your best


to make the greatest effort possible: It doesn't matter if you fail the exam, just do your best.

Workbook 4A Pg 25

argument
noun [C]

/jmnt/

an angry discussion with someone in which you both disagree: They had an argument about who should do the cleaning.

to improve
/mpruv/

verb [I, T]

to get better or to make something better: Scott's behaviour has improved a lot lately.

research
noun [U]

/rst/

detailed study of a subject in order to discover new information: research into language development
They are doing research into the effects of passive smoking.

to analyse
verb [T] UK (US analyze)

/nlaz/

to examine the details of something carefully, in order to understand or explain it: to analyse information

on the one hand ... on the other hand


used when you are comparing two different facts or two opposite ways of thinking about a situation:
On the one hand I'd like a job that pays more, but on the other hand I enjoy the work I'm doing at the moment.

figure
noun [C]

/fr/

a number that expresses an amount, especially in official documents: The figures show a rise in unemployment.

domestic
adjective

/dmes.tk/

belonging or relating to the home, house, or family: domestic chores/duties/arrangements

maintenance
noun [U]

/mentnns/

the work that is done to keep something in good condition: car maintenance

to take part (in sth)


to be involved in an activity with other people: She doesn't usually take part in any of the class activities.

participant
noun [C]

/ptspnt/

someone who is involved in an activity: All participants finishing the race will receive a medal.

to make sense
to have a meaning or reason that you can understand:
He's written me this note but it doesn't make any sense.

to make certain/sure
to take action so that you are certain that something happens, is true, etc.:
I'll just make sure I've turned the oven off. Make certain (that) we have enough drink for the party.
Make sure you're home by midnight.

to make up your mind


to decide: I haven't made up my mind where to go yet.

to make an appointment
noun (ARRANGEMENT) /pnt.mnt/
A2 [C] make a formal arrangement to meet or visit someone at a particular time and place:

I'd like to make an appointment with Dr Evans, please.

to do/try your best


to make the greatest effort possible: It doesn't matter if you fail, just do your best.

4B

fancy dress
noun [U]

UK

special clothes that people wear for a party, which make them look like a different person: a fancy dress party
a wide range /selection/variety, etc. a lot of different types of thing: The library is a good source of a wide range of information.

to design
verb [T]

/dzan/

to draw or plan something before making it: She designs furniture.

thank God, goodness, heaven(s), etc.


B1 said to express happiness that something bad has been avoided or hasfinished: Thank God you found the key.

I managed to catch the train, thank goodness.

to fall over
phrasal

verb with fall

/fl/ /fl/ verb (fell, fallen)

If someone falls over, they fall to the ground: She tripped and fell over.

leather
noun [U]

/ler/

the skin of animals that is used to make things such as shoes and bags: a leather jacket

to try sth on
phrasal

verb with try

/tra/ verb

to put on a piece of clothing to discover if it fits you or if you like it: Try on the shoes to see if they fit.

to take sth back


(SOMETHING BOUGHT)

phrasal verb with take

/tek/ verb (took,taken)

to return something you have bought to a shop:


Is it too small? Take it back and get a refund.

changing room
noun [C]

UK

a room in a shop where you can try clothes, or a room where you change into clothes to do sport

to fit
/ft/ (PRESENT PARTICIPLE fitting, PAST TENSE AND PAST PARTICIPLE fitted)

verb

to be the right shape or size for someone or something: This skirt doesn't fit any more.

to suit
verb [T]

/sut/

to make someone look more attractive: Green really suits you.

user account
noun [C]
an agreement allowing you to use a particular computer system, website, etc.:
To log on to the site, please enter your user account password.

to click on
verb

/klk/

to press on part of a computer mouse (= small computer control) to make the computer do something:
To start the program, click on its icon.

item
noun [C]

/atm/

a single thing in a set or on a list: the last item on the list. Various stolen items were found.

checkout
noun [C]

/tekat/

(ALSO US checkout counter, ) the place in a large shop, especially a food shop, where you pay for your goods:
a supermarket checkout

to proceed
verb [I]

/prsid/ FORMAL

to continue as planned: His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.

delivery
/dlvri/

noun [C, U]

the job of taking things such as letters, parcels, or goods to a person or place: Is there a charge for delivery?

basket
/bskt/

noun [C]

a container with a handle made of thin pieces of wood, wire, plastic, etc: a shopping basket

auction
/kn/

noun [C, U]

a sale in which things are sold to the person who offers the most money

4C

survey
/sve/

noun [C]

an examination of people's opinions or behaviour made by asking people questions:


Holidays in the UK are becoming more popular, according to a recent survey.

tiring
adjective

/tar/

making you feel tired: a long and tiring day

to seem
verb

/sim/

seem happy/a nice person, etc; seem like/as if, etc. to appear to be a particular thing or to have a particular quality:
She seemed happy enough. It seemed like a good idea at the time. There doesn't seem to be any real solution.[+ (that)] It seems
that the bars close early here. It seems to me (= I think) that she's in the wrong job.

truthful
adjective

/trufl/

honest and not containing or telling any lies: a truthful answer

to invent
verb [T]

/nvent/

.to think of a story or explanation in order to deceive someone: She invented an excuse to leave.

detail
noun [C, U]

/ditel/ /dtel/

a fact or piece of information about something: Please send me details of your training courses. She didn't include very much
detail in her report.

to impress
/mpres/

verb [T]

to make someone admire or respect you:I was impressed by her professionalism. Sarah
was hoping to impress him with her cooking.

to sound
verb

/sand/

sound good/interesting/strange, etc, to seem good/interesting/strange, etc, from what you have heard or read:
Your job sounds really interesting.

paperwork
noun [U]

/pepwk/

the part of a job that involves writing letters, organizing information, etc

social networking site


noun [C]

(ALSO social networking website)

a website that is designed to help people communicate and share information,photographs, etc. with a group:
Politicians seek to reach young voters through social networking sites such as Facebook or MySpace.

to encourage
verb [T]

/nkrd/

to give someone confidence or hope: My parents encouraged me when things weren't going well at school.

illusion
noun

/lun/

FALSE IDEA [C, U] an idea or belief that is not true:

He had no illusions about his talents as a singer. We are not under any illusion - we know the work is dangerous.