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Master Guide

SAP Supplier Relationship Management powered by SAP


NetWeaver
Using SAP SRM Server 7.0
Target Audience
n System administrators
n Technology consultants

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Document version: 1.3 07/11/2011
Material number: 50103026

Document History

Caution

Before you start the implementation, make sure you have the latest version of this document. You
can find the latest version at the following location: http://service.sap.com/instguides
Installation and Upgrade Guides SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM Server 7.0 .
The following table provides an overview of the most important document changes.
Version

Date

Description

1.2

3/12/2010

Information on the Catalog Content Management business scenario added to


section 2.2 Software Component Matrix

1.3

7/11/2011

Information added about installation options with SAP NetWeaver 7.3 (for Java
Hubs)

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1
1.1
1.2
1.3

Getting Started . .
About this Document .
Planning Information .
Important SAP Notes .

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Chapter 2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4

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2.6
2.7
2.8
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3

SAP SRM Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Software Units of SAP SRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application Components: SAP SRM Software Units . . . . . . . . .
Technology Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-SAP Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Component Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Landscape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overall Installation Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automated Post-Installation Configuration Tools . . . . . . . . .
Automated Configuration of the Portal Systems . . . . . . . . . .
Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and SAP ERP System Integration .
Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and One Client System Integration
Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and SAP NetWeaver BW System
Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flexible Deployment Variants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deployment Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Chapter 3
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM . . . . . . . . . . .


Self-Service Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Self-Service Procurement (Classic) . . . . . .
Overview of Self-Service Procurement (Extended Classic) . . .
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plan-Driven Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Plant Maintenance
Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Supplier Integration

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3.2.3
3.2.4
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.6
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.7
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.7.3
3.7.4

Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .


Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .
Service Procurement . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Service Procurement (Classic) . . .
Overview of Service Procurement External Staffing
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .
Catalog Content Management . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .
Analytics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Spend Analysis . . . . . . . .
Overview of Supplier Evaluation . . . . . . .
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .
Operational Contract Management . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .
Strategic Sourcing . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Strategic Sourcing with RFx . . . .
Overview of Strategic Sourcing with Live Auction
Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . .
Implementation Sequence . . . . . . . . .

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Chapter 4
4.1
4.2
4.2.1
4.3
4.3.1
4.4
4.4.1
4.5
4.5.1
4.5.2

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS . . . . . . .


Technical System Landscape . . . . . . . . . . .
Public Sourcing and Tendering . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contract Management and Administration . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operational Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Procurement Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Procurement Services (Automated Sourcing)
Overview of Procurement Services (Manual Sourcing) . .

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Chapter 5

SAP Solution Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Chapter 6

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Chapter 7

Media List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

63

Chapter A
A.1

Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Main SAP Documentation Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Getting Started

1 Getting Started

The SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) Master Guide provides a central starting
point for the technical implementation of SAP SRM.
To facilitate the implementation process, all information within this document is organized by
scenario. You can choose from several generic business scenarios and find all the information relevant
for the technical implementation of a business scenario in that section.
Each business scenario supports a number of variants. In this Master Guide, only key variants are
described in detail.
The complete SAP SRM solution consists of the following top-level scenarios and business scenarios:
SRM Core
n Self-Service Procurement
l Self-Service Procurement (Classic)
l Self-Service Procurement (Extended Classic)
n Plan-Driven Procurement
l Plan-Driven Procurement with Plant Maintenance
l Plan-Driven Procurement with Supplier Integration
n Service Procurement
l Service Procurement Classic
l Service Procurement External Staffing
n Strategic Sourcing
l Strategic Sourcing with RFx
l Strategic Sourcing with Live Auction
n Operational Contract Management
n Catalog Content Management
n Analytics
l Spend Analysis
l Supplier Evaluation
SRM Procurement for Public Sector
Note

The SRM Procurement for Public Sector business scenarios require a special license agreement.

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1
1.1

Getting Started
About this Document

Caution

You must install SAP SRM 7.0 SP01 before you activate the SRM PPS business functions. Activating
the business functions is irreversible; once they have been activated, you cannot deactivate them.
Be aware that accidental activation might disrupt the other business processes.
n
n
n
n

Public Sourcing and Tendering


Contract Management and Administration
Operational Procurement
Procurement Services
l Procurement Services with Automated Sourcing
l Procurement Services with Manual Sourcing
Note

For information about upgrading the SAP SRM business scenarios, see the SAP SRM Upgrade
Master Guide. This guide provides information about the overall upgrade sequences, references
to related documentation, SAP Notes, and additional upgrade information for each business
scenario of SAP SRM. The Upgrade Master Guide is available on SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0

1.1 About this Document


Purpose
This Master Guide is the central starting point for the technical implementation of SAP SRM. You
can find cross-scenario implementation information as well as scenario-specific information in
this guide.
Note

You can use SAP SRM 7.0 with SAP NetWeaver 7.01. This implementation option is called Continuous
Innovation. As of May 6th 2009, you can also use SAP SRM 7.0 with SAP NetWeaver 7.0. This
implementation option is called Easy Adoption.
This guide, including the graphics, describes the Continuous Innovation implementation
option of SAP SRM 7.0 only. For information on the software components required for Easy
Adoption, see the Software Component Matrix for SAP SRM 7.0 on the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/srm-inst
SAP SRM SAP SRM Server 7.0
Note

The central starting point for the technical upgrade of your SAP solution is the Upgrade Master
Guide, which you can find on SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0

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1
1.1

Getting Started
About this Document

Use the Master Guide to get an overview of SAP SRM, its software units, and its scenarios from
a technical perspective. The Master Guide is a planning tool that helps you to design your system
landscape. It refers you to the required detailed documentation, mainly:
n
n
n
n

Installation guides for single software units


SAP Notes
Configuration documentation
SAP Library documentation

For a general overview of the available SAP documentation, see The Main SAP Documentation Types.
The Master Guide consists of the following sections:
n Getting Started [page 7] contains information about using this document and related information
crucial to the installation.
n SAP SRM Overview [page 13] contains:
l A short introduction to the SAP Business Suite solution
l The software component matrix
l The minimal system landscape
l The overall installation sequence
n Business Scenarios of SAP SRM [page 23] contains information for each business scenario comprising:
l An overview of the business scenario
l Examples of how the different components interact, and what protocols and interfaces are
used, including technical system landscape examples
l Information about the overall installation sequence and subsequent steps
l References [page 61] to related installation guides
l Information about mutual dependencies that affect two or more components within the
business scenario
n Software Component Matrix [page 16] contains a short description of every software component in this
solution.
n Depending on the specific business scenario to be implemented, many different installation guides
and various configuration documentation may be required. The SAP SRM 7.0 implementation
content is clearly organized according to installation or configuration activity.
l Installation documentation is available in installation guides on SAP Service Marketplace.
l Configuration documentation is only available as SAP Solution Manager Content.
l References [page 61] lists the documentation referenced in this Master Guide.
Note

You can find the most current information about the technical implementation of SAP
SRM 7.0 and the latest installation and configuration guides on SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides . We strongly recommend that you use the documents
available here. The guides are regularly updated.
Constraints

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1
1.2

Getting Started
Planning Information

n The business scenarios that are presented here serve as examples of how you can use SAP software
in your company. The business scenarios are only intended as models and do not necessarily run
the way they are described here in your customer-specific system landscape. Ensure to check your
requirements and systems to determine whether these scenarios can be used productively at your
site. Furthermore, we recommend that you test these scenarios thoroughly in your test systems to
ensure they are complete and free of errors before going live.
n This Master Guide primarily discusses the overall technical implementation of SAP SRM, rather
than its subordinate components. This means that additional software dependencies might
exist without being mentioned explicitly in this document. You can find more information on
component-specific software dependencies in the corresponding installation guides.

1.2 Planning Information


For more information about planning topics not covered in this guide, see the following content
on SAP Service Marketplace:
Content

Location on SAP Service Marketplace

The latest version of the installation and upgrade


guides for SAP SRM, links to related SAP Notes

http://service.sap.com/instguides
Installation
and Upgrade Guides SAP Business Suite Applications SAP
SRM SAP SRM 7.0 Server

Released platforms

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Product

Availability Matrix
General security information for SAP systems

http://service.sap.com/security

SAP Solution Manager

http://service.sap.com/solutionmanager

SAP R/3 plug-in releases and availability

http://service.sap.com/R3-plug-in

Hardware sizing

http://service.sap.com/sizing

Information about SRM components and further


documents

http://service.sap.com/srm

Information about SAP SRM Support Package stacks


and download of Support Package stacks

http://service.sap.com/sp-stacks

Download of SAP software (SAP Software Distribution


Center)

http://service.sap.com/swdc

SAP Notes search

http://service.sap.com/notes

SAP Online Knowledge Products (OKPs)


role-specific Learning Maps

http://service.sap.com/rkt

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SRM 7.0

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1
1.3

Getting Started
Important SAP Notes

1.3 Important SAP Notes


You must read the SAP Installation Notes before you start the installation. These SAP Notes
contain the most recent information about the installation as well as corrections to the installation
documentation.
Make sure that you have the up-to-date version of each SAP Note, which you can find in the SAP
Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/notes .
SAP Note

Title

Description

1468349

Installation Options with SAP


NetWeaver 7.3 (for Java Hubs)

This note describes which


applications can run on a hub
system with SAP NetWeaver 7.3
and as of which start release or
SAP Enhancement Package this is
possible.

1224284

Enterprise Services Bundles


Required Technical Usages and
Business Functions

Lists business-related grouping of


Enterprise Services

1177779

SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation

1230438

Solution Manager Content for SAP


SRM 7.0

1223493

SAP SRM 7.0: Release &


Information Note

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that are printed on both sides.

SAP SRM Overview

2 SAP SRM Overview

This section gives you an overview of the application components of SAP Supplier Relationship
Management (SAP SRM). It also provides system landscape and installation sequence information, as
well as a brief introduction to Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and the One Client deployment
option.
Note

You can use SAP SRM 7.0 with SAP NetWeaver 7.01. This implementation option is called Continuous
Innovation. As of May 6th 2009, you can also use SAP SRM 7.0 with SAP NetWeaver 7.0. This
implementation option is called Easy Adoption.
This section, including the graphics, describes the Continuous Innovation implementation
option of SAP SRM 7.0 only. For information on the software components required for Easy
Adoption, see the Software Component Matrix for SAP SRM 7.0 on the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/srm-inst
SAP SRM SAP SRM Server 7.0

2.1 Software Units of SAP SRM


This section provides additional information about the primary application and technology
components that comprise SAP SRM 7.0.

2.1.1 Application Components: SAP SRM Software Units


n SAP Supplier Relationship Management Server
The SAP Supplier Relationship Management Server (SAP SRM Server) includes both SAP SRM
and SAP Bidding Engine.
SAP SRM is based on SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS) and is an application and database
instance installation released on several database and operating system platforms (for more
information, see SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/platforms Platform
Availability Matrix .
n SAP Bidding Engine
Purchasers can use SAP Bidding Engine to create and process RFx, and bidders can use SAP Bidding
Engine to submit bids in response to these RFx. Both purchasers and bidders can use reverse

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2.1

SAP SRM Overview


Software Units of SAP SRM

auction functions in a separate Live Auction application. Purchasers can define rules for bidding
and bidders can submit bids in real time.
Online Transaction Processing System
An online transaction processing system (OLTP), for example, SAP ERP system, is used in the SAP
SRM environment as a back-end system for materials management and financials.
Data is exchanged between the SAP SRM system and a connected OLTP system.
The SAP SRM system can be installed without an OLTP back-end in a standalone configuration.
If an SAP ERP system is used as an OLTP system, the plug-in supports data exchange in SAP SRM as
well as in other SAP software units.
SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence
Business Intelligence (BI) provides infrastructure for:
l Data warehousing
l A range of analytical technologies and functions
l Web-based reporting and analysis
l Information Broadcasting for distributing BI content by e-mail or by the workset, either as
precalculated documents with stored data, or as links with live data
l Open analysis interfaces that make available various interfaces for connecting front-end tools of
third-party providers
l Web design API allowing for the implementation of highly individualized scenarios as well as
more demanding applications containing customer-defined interface elements
BI is the foundation for the SRM scenario Spend Analysis, and can be installed for the others. BI
includes the complete ABAP stack of the SAP NetWeaver BI data warehouse and BI platform units.
BI requires AS-ABAP as prerequisite in the same system. Usually, scenarios running on BI also
require BI-Java, AS-Java, and SAP Enterprise Portal. Other combinations can be used in one
system as well.
SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal
SAP NetWeaver Portal serves as a single point of entry to the applications, services, and information
of the organization.
Running an Enterprise Portal is an IT scenario providing role-based and secure access to all types
of applications, services, and information in an enterprise workset environment.
Customers can benefit from the numerous predefined business packages available to them, or
they can create their own content.
Live Auction Cockpit Web Presentation Server
Live Auction Cockpit Web Presentation Server is a J2EE-based software unit comprising a virtual
auction floor for reverse auctions, real-time monitoring, real-time bidding, a tight integration to
all procurement processes, and a state-of-the-art user interface.
SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and Classification (TREX)
SAP NetWeaver Search and Classification (TREX) offers an integrated set of services.
TREX services include search and retrieval in large document collections, text mining, automatic
document classification, and search and aggregation over structured data in SAP applications.

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2.1

SAP SRM Overview


Software Units of SAP SRM

TREX can handle text from documents in numerous formats, including Microsoft Office and
Adobe formats (PDF), and more than 30 languages. TREX search options, such as exact, Boolean,
fuzzy, or linguistic search, and classification options such as query-based or example-based
classification, offer users great power and flexibility.
Note

To use the SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Search application (Embedded Search), the installation of
SAP NetWeaver Search and Classification (TREX) 7.1 is required.
n SRM-MDM Catalog
The SRM-MDM Catalog is based on SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management (MDM) technology.
It combines SAP MDM Server 7.1 with a Java-based and SRM-specific search environment.

2.1.2 Technology Components


Technology components are software and middleware components for implementing and
supporting SAP Business Suite solutions:
n SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (PI)
Caution

Separate licensing is required for SAP NetWeaver Process Integration if SAP SRM is used to
connect with non-SAP systems, or with external trading partners.
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (PI) comprises core components for modeling, designing,
automating, and integrating the processes of one or more application systems. SAP PI also
contains core components for Business Process Management for application-embedded and
application-unbounded processes.
n SAP GUI
The latest release of the SAP GUI software (such as SAP GUI 6.20) can be used with all the previous
SAP component releases. Consequently, older SAP systems can also benefit from the features that
are only available in the newer SAP GUI releases, such as support for Windows XP.
Note

Use the latest available front-end software.


n SAP R/3 Plug-In
The SAP R/3 Plug-In is an interface for exchanging data between one or several SAP R/3 systems
and other SAP components. The SAP R/3 Plug-In supplies the SAP components with transaction
data and master data in real time. With it SAP application components like SAP CRM can be

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2.2

SAP SRM Overview


Software Component Matrix

linked with certain industry-specific components. All SAP-industry-specific components based


on SAP R/3 4.7 and higher SAP R/3 releases require an SAP R/3 Plug-In. The SAP R/3 Plug-In is
an add-on to SAP R/3.
SAP R/3 Plug-Ins are shipped with SAP application components (for example, SAP BI, SAP CRM)
and with industry-specific SAP components based on SAP R/3 4.7 or higher SAP R/3 releases. You
can order the most recent SAP R/3 Plug-In releases free of charge or download them from the
SAP Service Marketplace.
Depending on the combination of the SAP R/3 Plug-In release and version and the SAP R/3 release,
certain SAP R/3 support package levels are required for installing the SAP R/3 Plug-In.
For more information and for download, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .
n SAP NetWeaver Application Server
Application Server (AS) is the application platform of SAP NetWeaver and, consequently, of the
SAP Business Suite. It provides the technological foundation for all other SAP software units.
Since AS comprises the ABAP Engine, Java Engine or both, it can provide a runtime environment
for both ABAP and Java applications.

2.1.3 Non-SAP Components


SAP SRM does not include any non-SAP components.

2.2 Software Component Matrix


For an overview of SAP SRM business scenarios and their associated software units, in both Continuous
Innovation and Easy Adoption, see the Software Component Matrix for SAP SRM 7.0 on the SAP
Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/srm-inst SAP SRM SAP SRM Server 7.0
Note

The Continuous Innovation functions for SAP SRM 7.0, with some exceptions, require the use of SAP
NetWeaver 7.01. The Easy Adoption functions require SAP NetWeaver 7.0.
For the latest component version and patch level requirements, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/sp-stacks
SAP SRM 7.0 and the Release Information Note, which is
available for each Support Package stack (SAP Note number is listed on the page).

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System Landscape

Note

This Master Guide provides just one way to implement each business scenario. For other ways to
implement business scenarios, see the Scenario & Process Component list in SAP Service Marketplace
at http://service.sap.com/scl . The Scenario & Process Component list helps you to find
implementation alternatives for SAP solutions, business scenarios, and processes. It shows you which
application components are needed to implement a business scenario or process.
The exact locations of the required software components on the corresponding DVD(s) and
CD(s) that are shipped with the SAP SRM 7.0 package can be found at SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0 .
Note

For each component listed in the Software Component Matrix, there are software requirements that
are not explicitly mentioned in this documentation. Component-specific software requirements
are documented for a component in its installation guide. All related implementation guides are
listed in 6 References [page 61].
You require SAP NetWeaver 7.0 TREX in the following cases:
n When you use the contract management application to search for information such as supplier
texts, internal notes, and attachments.
n When you want to use the metadata search functionality or use BI accelerator within Analytics.

2.3 System Landscape


Minimal System Landscape
Caution

We strongly recommend that you use a minimal system landscape for test and demo purposes only.
For performance, scalability, high availability, and security reasons, do not use a minimal system
landscape as your production landscape.
Enhanced requirements on performance, scalability, high availability, and security reasons cannot be
met by a minimal landscape.
The installation of this minimal system landscape is possible only if you:
n Choose an operating system and a database that supports all components. For more
information about released platforms for SAP SRM. see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/platforms
Product Availability Matrix .
n Provide a sufficiently sized server. For information on sizing, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/sizing .

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SAP SRM Overview


Overall Installation Sequence

Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated SAP Web Application Server. This means that running
applications in other clients of the same Web AS is not supported.
Installation Options with SAP NetWeaver 7.3 (for Java Hubs)

For SAP Business Suite applications as of SAP Business Suite 7 that are based on an Application Server
Java and on hub systems, you can install these applications on SAP NetWeaver 7.3. You can also
change from your current release to SAP NetWeaver 7.3. Changing means upgrading or updating.
The following approaches for system landscapes for SAP NetWeaver 7.3 are possible:
n Upgrading to SAP NetWeaver 7.3 works for hub systems.
n Embedded deployment continues to work only for SAP NetWeaver 7.0x releases and their
enhancement packages (this means, for example, for SAP NetWeaver 7.00, SAP NetWeaver 7.01,
and SAP NetWeaver 7.02).
For more information about the technical background, see SAP Note 1468349. There you can find a
list of all the Java hubs that you can install on SAP NetWeaver 7.3.

2.4 Overall Installation Sequence


Purpose
The following figure describes the installation sequence for SAP SRM comprising components of all
SAP SRM business scenarios.
Figure 1:

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2.5

SAP SRM Overview


Automated Post-Installation Configuration Tools

Note

Some of these software components may be optional for some/all business scenarios. For more
information about the installation sequence of each business scenario, see <Business Scenario>
Implementation Sequence.
If you want to implement more than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time note that software
components on the same level can be installed at the same time on the appropriate machine (for
example, different project groups could install SAP ERP and SAP PI simultaneously).

2.5 Automated Post-Installation Configuration Tools

2.5.1 Automated Configuration of the Portal Systems


You can automate the mandatory configuration steps necessary to configure the integration
of the SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) and SAP NetWeaver Portal systems.
For more information about automating this integration, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM Server
7.0 Guide for Automated Configuration: SAP SRM Portal .

2.5.2 Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and SAP ERP


System Integration
You can automate the mandatory configuration steps necessary to configure the integration
of the SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) and SAP ERP systems. For
more information about automating this integration, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM Server
7.0 Guide for Automated Configuration: Connecting SAP SRM to SAP ERP .

2.5.3 Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and One Client


System Integration
You can automate the mandatory configuration steps necessary to configure the integration of
the SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) and SAP SRM on One Client in SAP
ERP. For more information about automating this integration, see SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM SAP SRM Server
7.0 Guide for Automated Configuration: Connecting SAP SRM to One Client .

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SAP SRM Overview


Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)

2.5.4 Automated Configuration of SAP SRM and SAP


NetWeaver BW System Integration
You can automate the mandatory configuration steps necessary to configure the integration of the
SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) and SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (SAP
NetWeaver BW) systems. For more information about automating this integration, see SAP Service
Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM
SAP SRM Server 7.0 Guide for Automated Configuration: Connecting SAP SRM to SAP BW .

2.6 Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)


In general, service-oriented architecture (SOA) is an architectural pattern that requires all exposed
functionality to be published as services in a platform-independent manner. These services can be
consumed by other applications. To successfully utilize SOA on an enterprise level, you need to
consider several additional aspects. All interfaces need to be clearly defined and stable and make use
of global (at least landscape-wide) data types. Both points ensure loose coupling and reliability for
service consumers and avoid superfluous transformations caused by technically different, while
semantically identical information. To establish additional reliability, all services must follow clearly
defined communication and behavioral patterns Clients need to know whether services are
synchronous or asynchronous, whether they return an answer, how they handle exceptions and
which security policy they use.
Additionally, the underlying business model (interaction between business objects) needs to be
transparent to establish common ground in terms of relationships between business objects that play
a role when calling services.
For more information about services, see ES Workplace at www.sdn.sap.com Enterprise SOA
Explore Enterprise Services ES Workplace
Forward error handling (FEH) for asynchronous inbound interfaces

Forward error handling (FEH) is required only for asynchronous inbound interfaces. Asynchronous
services do not confirm the arrival of a document into the inbound interface, so that the status of
a transmitted document is unknown for the sender system (that is, the sender system does not
know whether the document was created correctly). FEH avoids such confusion, as any erroneous
documents are collected in the Post-Processing Office (PPO) of the receiver system. FEH supports
the correction and reprocessing of the documents from the PPO.
For information about Enterprise Services Bundles, see SAP Note 1224284.

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SAP SRM Overview


SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP

2.7 SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP


More Information
Note

The SAP SRM 7.0 One Client deployment mode is only possible with SAP ERP 6.0 Enhancement
Pack 04.
For more information about the installation of SAP SRM, see SAP Note 1172901.
For more information on the basic settings for SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP, see SAP Solution
Manager at SAP ERP Configuration Structures SAP enhancement package 4 for SAP ERP 6.0 Basic
settings for enhancement pack 4

2.8 Flexible Deployment Variants


The following two flexible deployment variants are available in SAP Supplier Relationship
Management 7.0 (SAP SRM 7.0):
n Portal-independent navigation frame
You can use this function to work with SAP SRM if you are not using the SAP NetWeaver Portal
and therefore cannot use its navigation frame. When using the portal-independent navigation
frame, an inbox for processing work items, alerts, and notifications is also available.
n BW-independent analytics
You can use several reports that allow you to analyze data directly in your SAP SRM system.
To use these reports, you do not have to install an SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (SAP
NetWeaver BW) system.
Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for flexible deployment variants.

2.8.1 Deployment Options


You can use the following deployment options to run the Portal-independent navigation frame, the
inbox, and BW-independent analytics in SAP Supplier Relationship Management 7.0 (SAP SRM 7.0):
n SAP SRM
n SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP
Note

This deployment option is only possible with SAP enhancement package 4 for SAP ERP 6.0.

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Flexible Deployment Variants

For more information about what scenarios and functions are supported for SAP SRM on One Client
in SAP ERP, see section SAP SRM on One Client in SAP ERP [page 21] in this document.
The following solutions are not supported in combination with flexible deployment variants:
n Procurement for Public Sector (PPS)
n Supplier self-services (SUS)
n Registration of suppliers (ROS)
Furthermore, harmonized roles across SAP ERP and SAP SRM purchasing capabilities are not
supported in conjunction with the flexible deployment variants.

2.8.2 Technical Scenarios


Flexible deployment variants in SAP Supplier Relationship Management 7.0 (SAP SRM 7.0) are
compatible with the following technical scenarios:
n Classic
n Extended Classic
n Standalone
If you use SAP SRM on One Client with SAP ERP, only the Classic scenario is supported.

2.8.3 Business Scenarios


In this section, you can find information about restrictions in the compatibility of the flexible
deployment variants with the SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) business scenarios.
Portal-Independent Navigation Frame

You can use the portal-independent navigation frame with all of the business scenarios in SAP SRM.
Harmonized procurement in SAP SRM and SAP ERP is not supported when using the
portal-independent navigation frame.
BW-Independent Analytics

You can use BW-independent analytics with all of the business scenarios in SAP SRM except for the
Spend Analysis and Supplier Evaluation business scenarios.

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3 Business Scenarios of SAP SRM

Caution

This Master Guide provides just one way of implementing each business scenario. See the Scenario
& Process Component List in SAP Service Marketplace ( http://service.sap.com/scl ) for
alternatives. The Scenario & Process Component List helps you to find realization alternatives for
SAP solutions, business scenarios, and processes. It shows you which application components are
needed to realize a business scenario or process.
Note

The graphics in this section refer to Continuous Innovation in SAP SRM 7.0 only.

3.1 Self-Service Procurement


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n
n
n
n

Overview Self-Service Procurement (Classic)


Overview Self-Service Procurement (Extended Classic)
Technical System Landscape
Implementation sequence

3.1.1 Overview of Self-Service Procurement (Classic)


Your employees can use this business scenario to create and manage their own requisitions. This
relieves your purchasing department of a huge administrative burden while making the procurement
process faster and more responsive. In this scenario, only the shopping cart is created in the SAP
Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) system. All other procurement documents, such as
purchase orders, goods receipts, and invoices, are located in the back-end system.
The Self-Service Procurement (Classic) business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Processing Shopping Carts


Processing Purchase Requisitions in SAP ERP
Processing Purchase Orders in SAP ERP
Inbound Processing and Receipt Confirmation with Warehouse Management
Verifying Logistics Invoices Online/In Background

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Self-Service Procurement

6. Analyzing Self-Service Procurement

3.1.2 Overview of Self-Service Procurement (Extended


Classic)
Your employees can use this business scenario to create and manage their own requisitions. This
relieves your purchasing department of a huge administrative burden, while making the procurement
process faster and more responsive. In this scenario, shopping carts and purchase orders are created
in the SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM) system, and are then replicated to the
back-end system. The purchase order in SAP SRM is the leading purchase order; it cannot be changed
in the back-end system. Goods receipts and invoices can be pre-entered in SAP SRM or entered
directly in the back-end system. Sourcing, pricing, and tax determination take place in SAP SRM.
The Self-Service Procurement (Extended Classic) business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Processing Shopping Carts


Searching for Sources of Supply Centrally
Processing Purchase Orders in SAP SRM
Inbound Processing and Receipt Confirmation without Warehouse Management
Confirming Receipt of Inbound Goods in SAP SRM
Processing Invoices in SAP SRM
Verifying Logistics Invoices (Online/In Background)
Analyzing Self-Service Procurement

3.1.3 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Self-Service Procurement.

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Self-Service Procurement

Figure 2:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.1.4 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.
Installation
Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].

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Self-Service Procurement

No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Remarks/Subsequent Steps

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master


Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP Process Integration is optional


but it is required for outbound XML-based
messaging or for connecting non-SAP
planning or execution systems.
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated


SAP Web Application Server. This means
that the running of applications in other
clients of the same SAP Web AS is not
supported.
If you installed SAP Process Integration,
/
import the integration objects for SAP SRM
into the SAP Process Integration. Import the
PI content for the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
n
SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0
n
SAP BI Content 7.0.4
Download and install the latest SLD
Content from SAP Service Marketplace
at http://service.sap.com/swdc
Download Support Packages and Patches Entry
by Application Group Additional Components
SAP Master Data for SLD .

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or


higher recommended)

SAP ERP is not part of this installation and


are not contained in the installation package.
A separate SAP ERP installation package is
required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if


one is available):
n For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564
(R/3 plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta
upgrade) and 708736 (Release restrictions
R/3 Plug-in 2004.1).
n For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From
SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the
former plug-in functions are delivered with
the SAP_APPL component. Not required if
exclusively local PO handling is performed,
or no SAP back-end system is used.

http://service.sap.com/r3-plug-in

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Install SAP SRM Server 7.0 comprising SAP


Bidding Engine
[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

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Self-Service Procurement

Install SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0. For more


/
information, see SAP Note 1177779(regarding
SRM-MDM Catalog) [SAP SRM-MDM
Catalog 3.0 Installation Guide]

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and


Classification (TREX) [SAP NetWeaver 7.0
Installation Guide: Search and Classification
(TREX)]

n Perform the installation steps to set up


an RFC connection
n Automatic language recognition is not
required. You can adopt the default
settings for document languages during
the installation of SAP NetWeaver 7.0
TREX
n No Python extensions are required

Install SAP SRM Server for SAP SUS.


[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server on
<Platform>:<Database>]

You can install a separate SAP SRM Server for


SUS or use the SAP SRM Server you installed
in step 4 for that purpose.

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which
includes SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web
AS for SAP BI as described in SAP Note
567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can
install SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server.
Install the SAP BI Business Content Add-On
on the SAP SRM Server as described in SAP
Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

The use of SAP BI is optional. See the


description of this component in the Software
Component Matrix [page 16] to decide whether it
is required for your business scenario. After
the BI ABAP upgrade, you should install the
Java parts of BI (BI-Java) to take advantage of
all new functionality. For more information,
see Installation Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise


Portal. [Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise


Portal is mandatory. It is required for the
integration of SAP SRM into a workset.

10

Import the following Business Packages into


the Enterprise Portal:
n Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0
n Business Package for Supplier
Collaboration 4.0

Download the Business Packages from the


SAP Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal Content Portfolio

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Self-Service Procurement.

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Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Plan-Driven Procurement

3.2 Plan-Driven Procurement


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n
n
n
n

Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Plant Maintenance


Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Supplier Integration
Technical System Landscape
Implementation sequence

3.2.1 Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Plant


Maintenance
You can use this business scenario to process requirements that have been generated in systems other
than SAP SRM. In a highly integrated procurement process, demand for products can come from
several different planning systems that reside outside of SAP SRM, such as material requirements
planning (MRP) systems for production planning, automated production systems (APS) for
advanced, constraint-based planning, project systems for project planning, or plant maintenance
systems for maintenance and repair planning. Plan-Driven procurement is especially important for
the procurement of direct materials. Demand from production is transferred to SAP SRM using an
open XML interface. Within SAP SRM, a contract can be automatically assigned to the demand and
a purchase order sent out.
The Plan-Driven Procurement with Plant Maintenance business scenario comprises these process
steps:
1. Processing Purchase Requisitions in SAP ERP
2. Searching for Sources of Supply
3. Processing Purchase Orders in SAP SRM
4. Receipt Confirmation without Warehouse Management
5. Receipt Confirmation with Warehouse Management
6. Processing Leasing Invoices in SAP SRM
7. Verifying Logistics Invoices in Background
8. Verifying Logistics Invoices Online
9. Processing Evaluated Receipt Settlements (ERS) in SAP ERP
10. Analyzing Plan-Driven Procurement

3.2.2 Overview of Plan-Driven Procurement with Supplier


Integration
You can use this business scenario to procure direct materials with SAP Materials Management (SAP
MM) and, at the same time, to integrate your suppliers into this process. If necessary, you can connect

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multiple supplier systems to your procurement system. This allows you, as a buyer, to collaborate
with your suppliers, using the web-based tool SAP SRM Supplier Self-Service, starting with the
purchase order via shipping notification to the invoice.
The Plan-Driven Procurement with Supplier Integration business scenario comprises these process
steps:
1. Processing Purchase Requisitions in SAP ERP
2. Processing Purchase Orders in SAP ERP
3. Processing Delivery Schedules
4. Processing Sales Orders in SRM-SUS
5. Processing Shipping Notifications
6. Receipt Confirmation without Warehouse Management
7. Receipt Confirmation with Warehouse Management
8. Processing Invoices in SAP SRM
9. Verifying Logistics Invoices in Background
10. Verifying Logistics Invoices Online
11. Processing Evaluated Receipt Settlements (ERS) in SAP ERP
12. Analyzing Plan-Driven Procurement
13. Performing Order Collaboration Using Supplier Network

3.2.3 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Plan-Driven Procurement.

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Plan-Driven Procurement

Figure 3:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.2.4 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.
Installation
Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].

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Plan-Driven Procurement

No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master


Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

Remarks/Subsequent Steps
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated


SAP Web Application Server. This means
that the running of applications in other
clients of the same SAP Web AS is not
supported.

If you installed SAP Process Integration,


/
import the integration objects for SAP SRM
into the SAP Process Integration. Import the
PI content for the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
n
SAP BI Content 7.0.4 (optional)
Download and install the latest SLD
Content from SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/swdc
Download
Support Packages and Patches Entry by Application
Group Additional Components SAP Master
Data for SLD .

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or


higher recommended)

SAP ERP is not part of this installation and


are not contained in the installation package.
A separate SAP ERP installation package is
required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if


one is available):
n For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564
(R/3 plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta
upgrade) and 708736 (Release restrictions
R/3 Plug-in 2004.1).
n For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From
SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the
former plug-in functions are delivered with
the SAP_APPL component.

Install SAP SRM 7.0


[Installation Guide SAP SRM 7.0]

/
Install SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and
Classification (TREX) [SAP NetWeaver 7.0
Installation Guide: Search and Classification
(TREX)]

Install SAP SRM Server for SUS.


[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server on
<Platform>:<Database>

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You can install a separate SAP SRM Server for


SUS or use the SAP SRM Server you installed
in step 4 for that purpose.

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Service Procurement

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which
includes SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web
AS for SAP BI as described in SAP Note
567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can
install SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server.
Install the SAP BI Business Content Add-On
on the SAP SRM Server as described in SAP
Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

The use of SAP BI is optional. See the


description of this component in the Software
Component Matrix [page 16] to decide whether it
is required for your business scenario. After
the BI ABAP upgrade, you should install the
Java parts of BI (BI-Java) to take advantage of
all new functionality. For more information,
see Installation Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise


Portal. [Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise


Portal is mandatory. It is required for the
integration of SAP SRM into a workset.

Import the following Business Package into


the Enterprise Portal:
n Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0

Download the Business Packages from the


SAP Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal Content Portfolio

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Plan-Driven Procurement.

3.3 Service Procurement


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n
n
n
n

Overview of Service Procurement (Classic)


Overview of Service Procurement External Staffing
Technical System Landscape
Implementation sequence

3.3.1 Overview of Service Procurement (Classic)


You can use this business scenario to cover the entire service procurement process using structured
service requirements for external procurement. A purchase requisition is created in SAP Materials
Management (SAP MM) and sent to Sourcing in SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM),
where it is converted to an RFx. Response modifications are allowed.
The Service Procurement (Classic) business scenario comprises these process steps:

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Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Service Procurement

1. Purchase Requisition with Service Directories


2. Searching for Sources of Supply Centrally
3. Processing RFx Events
4. Evaluating RFx Responses
5. Processing Follow-On Documents
6. Processing Purchase Orders in SAP ERP
7. Processing Sales Orders in SUS
8. Entering Services in SAP RM
9. Entering Services in SAP ERP
10. Processing Invoices
11. Verifying Logistics Invoices in Background
12. Verifying Logistics Invoices Online
13. Processing Evaluated Receipt Settlements (ERS) in SAP ERP
14. Analyzing Service Procurement

3.3.2 Overview of Service Procurement External Staffing


You can use this business scenario to cover the entire service procurement process for External
Staffing. The process starts when you send your request to the supplier. A purchase order is created,
times and expenses are entered in the system, and an invoice is created. You can interact with your
suppliers by connecting a supplier system like supplier self-services (SUS) to your procurement
system. Your service providers can then enter services performed and create invoices for these
services. All documents created by your suppliers have to be approved by an internal employee.
The Service Procurement External Staffing business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Requesting External Staff


Processing Shopping Carts
Processing Purchase Orders in SAP SRM
Processing Sales Orders in SUS
Entering Services in SAP SRM
Processing Invoices in SAP SRM
Processing Evaluated Receipt Settlements (ERS) in SAP SRM
Carrying Out Third-Party Rebilling
Analyzing Service Procurement

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Service Procurement

3.3.3 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Service Procurement.


Figure 4:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.3.4 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.

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Service Procurement

Installation
Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].
No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master


Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

Remarks/Subsequent Steps
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated


SAP Web Application Server. This means
that the running of applications in other
clients of the same SAP Web AS is not
supported.

If you installed SAP Process Integration,


/
import the integration objects for SAP SRM
into the SAP Process Integration. Import the
PI content for the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
n
SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0
n
SAP BI Content 7.0.4
Download and install the latest SLD
Content from SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/swdc
Download
Support Packages and Patches Entry by Application
Group Additional Components SAP Master
Data for SLD .

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or


higher recommended)

SAP ERP is not part of this installation and


are not contained in the installation package.
A separate SAP ERP installation package is
required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if


one is available):
n For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564
(R/3 plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta
upgrade) and 708736 (Release restrictions
R/3 Plug-in 2004.1).
n For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From
SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the
former plug-in functions are delivered with
the SAP_APPL component. Not required if
exclusively local PO handling is performed,
or no back-end system is used.

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Service Procurement

Install SAP SRM Server 7.0 comprising


SAP Bidding Engine and SAP Supplier
Self-Services
[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

Install SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0. For more /


information, see SAP Note 1057316 . [SAP
SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation Guide]

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and


Classification (TREX) [SAP NetWeaver 7.0
Installation Guide: Search and Classification
(TREX)]

n Perform the installation steps to set up


an RFC connection
n Automatic language recognition is not
required. You can adopt the default
settings for document languages during
the installation of SAP NetWeaver 7.0
TREX
n No Python extensions are required

Install SAP SRM Server for SUS.


[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server on
<Platform>:<Database>

You can install a separate SAP SRM Server for


SUS or use the SAP SRM Server you installed
in step 4 for that purpose.

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which
includes SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web
AS for SAP BI as described in SAP Note
567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can
install SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server.
Install the SAP BI Business Content Add-On
on the SAP SRM Server as described in SAP
Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

The use of SAP BI is optional. See the


description of this component in the Software
Component Matrix [page 16] to decide whether it
is required for your business scenario.
After the BI ABAP upgrade, you should
install the Java parts of BI (BI-Java) to take
advantage of all new functionality.
For more information, see the SAP
NetWeaver 7.01 Installation Guide.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise


Portal. [Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise


Portal is mandatory. It is required for the
integration of SAP SRM into a workset.

10

Import the following Business Packages into


the Enterprise Portal:
n Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0
n Business Package for Supplier
Collaboration 4.0

Download the Business Packages from the


SAP Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal Content Portfolio

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Service Procurement.

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3.4

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Catalog Content Management

3.4 Catalog Content Management


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n Overview
n Technical System Landscape
n Implementation sequence

3.4.1 Overview
Description
You can use this business scenario to import and manage product content, make this content available
in an MDM data repository, and access it via the Web browser in your SAP Supplier Relationship
Management (SAP SRM) procurement processes.
The business processes run as follows:
1. Managing Content in SRM-MDM Catalog
2. Searching in Catalog Data

3.4.2 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see: http://service.sap.com/platforms Platform Availability Matrix
The following figure shows the underlying architecture of the SRM-MDM Catalog including existing
connections.

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Catalog Content Management

Figure 5:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.4.3 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.
Installation
Note

n For latest Support Package and patch level requirements, see the SAP SRM-MDM Catalog
3.0 Installation Guide
n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].

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Analytics

No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master


Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

Remarks/Subsequent Steps
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated


SAP Web Application Server. This means
that the running of applications in other
clients of the same SAP Web AS is not
supported.

After you install SAP Process Integration,


/
import the integration objects for SAP SRM
into the SAP Process Integration. Import the
PI content for the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
2

Install SAP SRM Server 7.0 comprising SAP


Bidding Engine
[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

Install SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0. For


more information, see SAP Note 1177779.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise


Portal. [Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01,
part of the installation package]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal


is optional. It is required for the integration
of SAP SRM into a workset.

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager Content for Catalog Content Management.

3.5 Analytics
For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n
n
n
n

Overview of Spend Analysis


Overview of Supplier Evaluation
Technical System Landscape
Implementation sequence

3.5.1 Overview of Spend Analysis


You can use this business scenario to analyze the expenditure of your company, using data from a wide
range of heterogeneous systems as well as from all relevant business units and areas. SAP Supplier
Relationship Management (SAP SRM) uses the business intelligence features of SAP NetWeaver to
access connected systems, and extract the information needed to gain insight into spending practices

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Analytics

across the entire corporate group. The reports cover spending for direct and indirect material, as well
as for services. You can also configure your system to provide the following:
1. Capture of spend for procurement documents without any purchase order (PO) reference or other
detailed information about the procurement
2. Harmonization of master data for reporting purposes, allowing for identification of duplicate
suppliers and assignment of product to standard classification schemas such as the United Nations
Standard Products and Services Code (UNSPSC) and eCl@ss. The harmonization can be done
either by using SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence (SAP NetWeaver BI) Local Master Data
Alignment (for limited data volumes), or by integration of SAP NetWeaver BI with the SAP Master
Data Management (SAP MDM) application.
With these features, SAP SRM provides you with a clear view of procurement costs and supply-base
data by highlighting consolidated spend volume, supplier redundancies, and demand aggregation
opportunities.
The Spend Analysis business scenario comprises these process steps:
1. Consolidating Master Data Using BI Master Data Alignment
2. Consolidating Master Data Using SAP MDM
3. Analyzing Spend

3.5.2 Overview of Supplier Evaluation


You can use this business scenario to evaluate your suppliers on the basis of Web-based surveys. To
meet your specific requirements, you can configure individual surveys and questionnaires, select the
criteria that you want to evaluate, and stipulate when the evaluation is to take place. After the data
has been transferred to SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence (SAP NetWeaver BI), several reports are
available to help you to analyze the results, select suitable suppliers and negotiate best conditions.
With the Supplier Survey Cockpit, you can create and distribute surveys. You can monitor incoming
responses and send reminders to those who did not reply.
SAP Supplier Evaluation is also integrated into the following SAP Supplier Relationship Management
(SAP SRM) applications:
n Confirmation
n Invoice
n Supplier list
SAP Supplier Evaluation is used with the confirmation and invoice applications to evaluate day-to-day
activities on the basis of operational documents. You can also use this scenario with the supplier list to
improve the strategic and long-term supplier relationships.
The following business process runs in SAP NetWeaver BI:
Evaluating and Monitoring of Supplier Performance

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3.5.3 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Analytics.


Figure 6:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.5.4 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.

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Installation
Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more than
one SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].
No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Remarks/Subsequent Steps

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or


higher recommended)

SAP ERP is not part of this installation and


are not contained in the installation package.
A separate SAP ERP installation package is
required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if


one is available):
n
For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564
(R/3 plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta
upgrade) and 708736 (Release restrictions
R/3 Plug-in 2004.1).
n
For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From
SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the
former plug-in functionalities are delivered
with the SAP_APPL component. Otherwise
the installation of the SAP R/3 Plug-In is
required if you installed an SAP back-end
system in the previous step.

Install SAP SRM Server 7.0 comprising SAP


Bidding Engine and Supplier Self-Services
[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which
includes SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web
AS for SAP BI as described in SAP Note
567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can
install SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server.
Install the SAP BI Business Content Add-On
on the SAP SRM Server as described in SAP
Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

After the BI ABAP upgrade, you should


install the Java parts of BI (BI-Java) to take
advantage of all new functionality. For more
information, see Installation Guide SAP
NetWeaver 7.01.

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3.6

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Operational Contract Management

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise


Portal. [Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise


Portal is mandatory. It is required for the
integration of SAP SRM into a workset.

Import the following Business Package into


the Enterprise Portal:
Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0

Download the Business Packages from the


SAP Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal Content Portfolio

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Analytics.

3.6 Operational Contract Management


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n Overview
n Technical System Landscape
n Implementation sequence

3.6.1 Overview
You can use this business scenario to access SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM)
contract features, such as contract hierarchies, discount across contract hierarchies, and grouping
logic, when determining source of supply in SAP ERP. You can create a central contract in SAP SRM,
and it can then be used as source of supply in both SAP SRM and SAP ERP. Relevant data is sent to SAP
ERP for a source of supply determination, and a specific type of contract or scheduling agreement can
be created there. While determining a source of supply, you can access central contracts directly. The
price is determined in SAP SRM before the SAP ERP purchase order is sent to the supplier. You can
create and change central contracts and renegotiate existing contracts directly with a supplier, or
through the creation of an RFx. You can automatically assign a contract as a source of supply, or it
can be listed as one of numerous potential source of supply contracts. A strategic purchaser can create
a contract whenever they anticipate a long-term relationship with a supplier. Contract management
enables purchasers from various parts of the company at different locations to take advantage of the
terms of globally-negotiated contracts for specific product categories. You can provide users with
specific levels of authorization to contracts, and you can categorize documents as confidential.
You can distribute central contracts to release-authorized purchasing organizations, and these
organizations can then use them as source of supply in the appropriate SAP ERP system. Hierarchies
can be used to organize, structure, display, and search for contracts. If you use SAP NetWeaver Business
Intelligence (SAP NetWeaver BI), you can view various consolidated reports of contract management.
For example, you can view aggregated value released against all contracts in a contract hierarchy.

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Operational Contract Management

The Operational Contract Management business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Define Usage of Central Contracts


Developing Contracts
Processing Contracts and Sourcing Rules in SAP ERP
Negotiating Contracts
Process Delivery Schedules
Searching for Sources of Supply Centrally
Monitoring Contracts

3.6.2 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Operational Contract Management.
Figure 7:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0

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n IPC 7.0 is part of the SAP WebAS


n On the Portal Layer, you must deploy the Portal Core plus the following Portal Java Components:
l Knowledge Management (KM)
l Collaboration room
l Universal Worklist (UWL)
l ADS can be deployed on the Portal
l LAC WPS can be deployed on the Portal
The
Business Packages shown above are:
n
l BPSRM00_0.sca (BP for mSAP SRM 2007)
n The XI Content Packages shown above are:
l SRMSERV7001_0.ZIP (XI Content for SAP SRM Server 7.0)
l SRMSERVIC7001_1.ZIP (XI Content for SAP SRM Server 7.0, SP01 Patch 1)
l SRMMDMCAT3001_0.ZIP (XI Content for SRM-MDM Catalog)
n TREX is a separately installed instance. For scalability, multiple TREX instances can be installed
on multiple servers.
n No R/3 Plug-ins needed for SAP ERP 2005 (ECC 6.0) and higher.
n The connection between the SRM Server and the back-end system is RFC-based. IDocs are only
used in specific cases, for example when Billing Documents are exchanged.

3.6.3 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.
Installation
Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].

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Operational Contract Management

No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Remarks/Subsequent Steps

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master Guide


SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP Process Integration is optional,


but it is required for outbound XML-based
messaging or for connecting non-SAP planning
or execution systems.
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated SAP


Web Application Server. This means that the
running of applications in other clients of the
same SAP Web AS is not supported.
If you installed SAP Process Integration, import /
the integration objects for SAP SRM into the SAP
Process Integration. Import the PI content for
the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
n
SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0
n
SAP BI Content 7.0.4
Download and install the latest SLD
Content from SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/swdc
Download Support
Packages and Patches Entry by Application Group
Additional Components SAP Master Data for SLD .

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or higher


recommended)

SAP ERP is not part of this installation and are


not contained in the installation package. A
separate SAP ERP installation package is required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if one is


available):
n For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564 (R/3
plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta upgrade)
and 708736 (Release restrictions R/3 Plug-in
2004.1).
n For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From SAP R/3
Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the former plug-in
functions are delivered with the SAP_APPL
component. Not required if exclusively local PO
handling is performed or no back-end system is
used.

Install SAP SRM Server 7.0


[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

Install SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0. For more


information, see SAP Note 1177779. [SAP
SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation Guide]

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Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Strategic Sourcing

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and


Classification (TREX) [SAP NetWeaver 7.0
Installation Guide: Search and Classification
(TREX)]

n Perform the installation steps to set up an


RFC connection
n Automatic language recognition is not
required. You can adopt the default
settings for document languages during the
installation of SAP NetWeaver 7.0 TREX
n No Python extensions are required

Install SAP SRM Server for SUS.


[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server on
<Platform>:<Database>

You can install a separate SAP SRM Server for


SUS or use the SAP SRM Server you installed in
step 4 for that purpose.

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which includes
SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web AS
for SAP BI as described in SAP Note 567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can install
SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server. Install the SAP
BI Business Content Add-On on the SAP SRM
Server as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

The use of SAP BI is optional. See the description


of this component in the Software Component Matrix
[page 16] to decide whether it is required for your
business scenario. After the BI ABAP upgrade,
you should install the Java parts of BI (BI-Java)
to take advantage of all new functionality. For
more information, see Installation Guide SAP
NetWeaver 7.01.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise Portal.


[Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal is


mandatory. It is required for the integration of
SAP SRM into a workset.

10

Import the following Business Package into the


Enterprise Portal:
n Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0

Download the Business Packages from the SAP


Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal
Content Portfolio

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Operational Contract Management.

3.7 Strategic Sourcing


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n
n
n
n

Overview of Strategic Sourcing with RFx


Overview of Strategic Sourcing with Live Auction
Technical System Landscape
Implementation sequence

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Strategic Sourcing

3.7.1 Overview of Strategic Sourcing with RFx


You can use this business scenario to source goods using RFx (request for information, request
for proposal, and/or request for quotation). You can use this business scenario with or without
integration of the sourcing cockpit. The sourcing cockpit helps you, as a professional purchaser,
to process your requirements and to determine the best source of supply. You can also integrate
document storage functionality maintained in cFolders in the RFx. After you have received bids
from suppliers, you can create a purchase order or contract (local or global outline agreement)
directly from the sourcing cockpit or in SAP Bidding Engine as a result of the RFx.
The Strategic Sourcing with RFx business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Processing Shopping Carts


Processing Purchase Requisitions in SAP ERP
Searching for Sources of Supply Centrally
Negotiating Contracts
Processing Bidding Events
Processing Collaborative Bidding Events Using cFolders
Evaluating Bids
Processing Follow-On Documents
Analyzing Sourcing with RFx

3.7.2 Overview of Strategic Sourcing with Live Auction


You can use this business scenario to source goods using auctions. With auctions, you can, for
example, define bidding rules. Bidders can submit bids in real time in a separate live auction
application. You can use this business scenario with or without integration of the sourcing cockpit.
The sourcing cockpit helps you, as a professional purchaser, to process your requirements and to
determine the best source of supply. After you have received bids from suppliers, you can create a
purchase order or contract (local or global outline agreement) directly from the sourcing cockpit or
in SAP Bidding Engine as a result of the auction.
The Strategic Sourcing with Live Auction business scenario comprises these process steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Processing Shopping Carts


Processing Purchase Requisitions in SAP ERP
Searching for Sources of Supply Centrally
Conducting Live Auctions
Evaluating Bids
Processing Follow-On Documents
Analyzing Sourcing with Live Auction

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Strategic Sourcing

3.7.3 Technical System Landscape


Note

For information about the technical system landscape and about how to plan the business scenario
to meet your needs, see:
n SAP Service Marketplace at
n SAP Service Marketplace at

http://service.sap.com/platforms

Platform Availability Matrix

http://service.sap.com/slo

The following figure shows the underlying architecture of Strategic Sourcing.


Figure 8:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
n IPC 7.0 is part of the component AP 7.0
n No R/3 Plug-ins are needed for SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 and higher

3.7.4 Implementation Sequence


This section lists the sequence of steps (installation, technical configuration, application
configuration) required to implement the business scenario. Rows containing optional components
are shaded. The scenario can function without these optional components; but they do provide
additional functions.
Installation

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3.7

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Strategic Sourcing

Note

n See the section Overall Installation Sequence [page 18], especially if you want to implement more
than one SAP SRM business scenario at a time.
n For documentation referenced in the following table, see the section References [page 61].
No.

Action (Corresponding Documentation

Install SAP Process Integration. [Master Guide


SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

Remarks/Subsequent Steps
Caution

SAP Process Integration requires a dedicated


SAP Web Application Server. This means that
the running of applications in other clients of
the same SAP Web AS is not supported.

If you installed SAP Process Integration, import /


the integration objects for SAP SRM into the
SAP Process Integration. Import the PI content
for the following components:
n
SAP SRM Server 7.0
n
SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0
Download and install the latest SLD
/
Content from SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/swdc
Download Support
Packages and Patches Entry by Application Group
Additional Components SAP Master Data for SLD .
2

Install/Integrate SAP ERP (SAP R/3 4.7 or higher SAP ERP is not part of this installation and
are not contained in the installation package.
recommended)
A separate SAP ERP installation package is
required.

Install SAP R/3 Plug-In (2004.1 or higher if one is


available):
n For the installation, see SAP Notes 704564
(R/3 plug-in: PI 2004.1 installation/delta
upgrade) and 708736 (Release restrictions
R/3 Plug-in 2004.1).
n For more information about SAP R/3
Plug-Ins, see SAP Service Marketplace at
service.sap.com/r3-plug-in .

Not required for customers with an SAP R/3


Enterprise 47x200 back-end system. From
SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 onwards, the
former plug-in functions are delivered with
the SAP_APPL component. Otherwise, the
installation of the SAP R/3 Plug-In is required
if you installed an SAP back-end system in the
previous step.

Install SAP SRM Server 7.0 comprising SAP


Bidding Engine and SAP Supplier Self-Services
[Installation Guide SAP SRM Server 7.0]

Install SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0. For more


information, see SAP Note 1057316 . [SAP
SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation Guide]

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Business Scenarios of SAP SRM


Strategic Sourcing

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and


Classification (TREX) [SAP NetWeaver 7.0
Installation Guide: Search and Classification
(TREX)]

n Perform the installation steps to set up an


RFC connection
n Automatic language recognition is not
required. You can adopt the default
settings for document languages during the
installation of SAP NetWeaver 7.0 TREX
n No Python extensions are required

Install Live Auction Cockpit Web Presentation


Server (LACWPS) 7.0. [Component
Installation Guide SAP Supplier
Relationship Management 7.0 ABAP +
Java on <Platform>:<Database>]

The use of Live Auction Web Presentation


Server is optional.
You can install LACWPS either on a standalone
J2EE Engine or on a J2EE Engine installed as an
Add-In on the central instance.

Install SAP BI 7.01 plus SAP BI Content 7.04:


1. Install SAP Web AS ABAP 7.01, which
includes SAP BI 7.01 and PI_BASIS 7.01.
2. Configure the database of your SAP Web AS
for SAP BI as described in SAP Note 567745.
3. Install SAP BI Business Content Add-On
BI_CONT 7.0.4 on the SAP Web AS ABAP
system as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For a minimal system landscape, you can install
SAP BI on your SAP SRM Server. Install the SAP
BI Business Content Add-On on the SAP SRM
Server as described in SAP Note 1172899.
For more information, see the Master Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.0.

The use of SAP BI is optional. See the description


of this component in the Software Component
Matrix [page 16] to decide whether it is required
for your business scenario.
After the BI ABAP upgrade, you should install
the Java parts of BI (BI-Java) to take advantage
of all new functionality.
For more information, see Installation Guide
SAP NetWeaver 7.01.

Install SAP NetWeaver 7.01 Enterprise Portal.


[Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.01]

The use of SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal is


mandatory. It is required for the integration of
SAP SRM into a workset.

10

Import the following Business Packages into the Download the Business Packages from the SAP
Enterprise Portal:
Developer Network www.sdn.sap.com
Portal Content Portfolio
n Business Package for SAP SRM 7.0
n Business Package for Supplier Collaboration
2.0

Configuration
See SAP Solution Manager content for Strategic Sourcing.

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Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS

4 Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS

The following scenarios are relevant if you use SAP Procurement for Public Sector (SAP PPS). These
SAP PPS scenarios require a special license agreement.
Caution

To use SAP Procurement for Public Sector, SAP SRM must be deployed as an extended classic
scenario. Other SAP SRM technical scenarios (classic, standalone, SAP SRM in one client in SAP ERP)
are not supported for SAP PPS. Furthermore, only one SAP ERP back-end system can be connected
to the SAP SRM system. Multi back-end deployment is not supported for SAP Procurement for
Public Sector.
Caution

You must install SAP SRM 7.0 SP01 before you activate the SAP PPS business functions. Activating the
business functions is irreversible; once they have been activated, you cannot deactivate them. Be
aware that accidental activation might disrupt the other business processes.
To be able to use SAP PPS, you need to activate business functions in SAP SRM and SAP ERP. For more
information, see the Customizing activity Switching Business Functions.
Note

You cannot use SAP PPS with the Service Procurement business scenario.
Note

The graphics in this section refer to the Continuous Innovation implementation option of SAP

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4
4.1

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS


Technical System Landscape

SRM 7.0 only.

4.1 Technical System Landscape


Figure 9:

For a more readable version of this graphic, go to the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite SAP SRM SAP SRM 7.0
Figure 10:

Description:
n IPC 7.0 is part of SAP WebAS
n On the Portal layer, you must deploy the Portal Core components plus the following Portal Java
components:
l Knowledge Management (KM)
l Collaboration Room
l Universal Worklist (UWL)
l ADS can be deployed on the Portal
l LAC WPS can be deployed on the Portal
n The Business Packages shown above are:
BPSRM00_0.sca (BP for mySAP SRM 2007)
n The XI Content packages shown above are:
l SRMSERV6000_0.ZIP (XI Content for SAP SRM 2007 Server)
l SRMMDMCAT1000_0.ZIP (XI Content for SRM-MDM Catalog)
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4
4.2

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS


Public Sourcing and Tendering

l SRMMDMCAT1000_1.ZIP (XI Content for SRM-MDM Catalog)


n TREX is a separately installed instance. For scalability, multiple TREX instances can be installed
on multiple servers.
n No ERP Plug-Ins needed for SAP ERP 2005 (ECC 6.0) and higher.

4.2 Public Sourcing and Tendering

4.2.1 Overview
You use this business scenario to manage complex, highly-regulated, competitive RFx processes. You
can create legally-compliant documents within a secure infrastructure that integrates SAP Records
Management and procurement processes to fulfill audit requirements.
The Public Sourcing and Tendering business scenario comprises the following business processes:
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

Prequalification of RFx Respondents


Public RFx Publishing
Tender Fee Processing
Earnest Money Deposit Handling
Two-Envelope RFx Response
Multi-Party Verification at RFx Response Opening
RFx Response Evaluation
Electronic Contract File Creation
Analyzing Public Sourcing and Tendering

4.3 Contract Management and Administration

4.3.1 Overview
You can use this business scenario to allow a professional purchaser to negotiate a contract or
purchase order with a supplier. This negotiation may be based on the outcome of the tendering
process as described in the Public Sourcing and Tendering business scenario. Once pricing
arrangements, clauses, payment, terms, and delivery conditions have been agreed upon, the contract
or purchase order enters an approval workflow. Upon approval, the contract or purchase order is
centrally created in SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM). Operational purchasers can
take advantage of the conditions negotiated. When users seek a specific product or service from a
contract or contract-type line item in a mixed-use purchase order, a purchase order is created, which
is then sent to the supplier. The supplier ships the required goods or provides the service to the

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4
4.4

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS


Operational Procurement

designated recipient. The user then completes a goods receipt or service entry on the basis of which
the supplier creates an invoice. The invoice is then paid by the organization in charge of payment.
Additionally, the system automatically creates an electronic contract file that contains all
procurement documents created. After award, any contract or purchase order modifications, as well
as their supporting documentation, are also automatically added to the electronic contract file. The
file continues to capture contractual information through closeout.
The Public Sourcing and Tendering business scenario comprises the following business processes:
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

Complex Contract Creation (SAP Document Builder)


Guaranteed Minimum
Closeout Execution
Contract Tracking and Monitoring
Electronic Contract File Creation
Post-Award Procedure
Options Definition
Incremental Funding

4.4 Operational Procurement

4.4.1 Overview
You can use this business scenario to process the requirements that have been created and released for
procurement (for example, demands for spare parts coming from plant maintenance, demands for
raw materials determined in a planning run, or requests for office supplies entered by an employee.)
Requirements are transferred to the purchasing department as purchase requisitions. They are
presented to the purchaser in work lists that support him in converting the requisitions into contracts
or purchase orders. The purchaser can check the source of supply and the price and conditions that
have been assigned to a requisition and start a request for quotation or bidding process if necessary.
Release procedures are available to control critical procurement processes.
The Operational Procurement business scenario comprises the following business processes:
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

Complex Sourcing
Exercise Options
Electronic Contract File Creation
Budget Integration
Order Tracking
Acceptance at Origin for PPS
Acknowledgement and Delivery

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4
4.5

n
n
n
n

Business Scenarios of SAP SRM-PPS


Procurement Services

Invoice Verification
Selective Release
Workload Prioritization
Workload Redistribution

4.5 Procurement Services


For this business scenario, the following topics are covered:
n Overview of Procurement Services (Automated Sourcing)
n Overview of Procurement Services (Manual Sourcing)

4.5.1 Overview of Procurement Services (Automated


Sourcing)
You can use this business scenario to satisfy requirements from external customers. In this scenario
the purchasing agency satisfies the requirements either by delivery from stock, by creation of a release
order against an existing contract, or by creation of a purchase order.
The Procurement Services (Automated Sourcing) business scenario comprises the following business
processes:
n Processing of External Requirements (Automated Sourcing)
n Third-Party Processing
n Inventory Management and Delivery from Stock

4.5.2 Overview of Procurement Services (Manual Sourcing)


You can use this business scenario to satisfy requirements from external customers. In this scenario
the purchasing agency satisfies the requirements either by delivery from stock, by creation of a release
order against an existing contract, or by creation of a purchase order.
The Procurement Services (Manual Sourcing) business scenario comprises the following business
processes:
n Processing of External Requirements (Manual Sourcing)
n Third Party Processing
n Inventory Management and Delivery from Stock

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SAP Solution Manager

5 SAP Solution Manager

SAP provides the SAP Solution Manager as the platform for efficiently supporting the implementation
and operation of your SAP solution. SAP Solution Manager significantly accelerates the
implementation process, and helps you achieve your business goals. It contains predefined
implementation content (Customizing activities and transactions, as well as documentation and SAP
Notes) to help you configure your SAP SRM solution. In addition, SAP delivers support services based
on the business scenarios designed and documented in SAP Solution Manager.
Caution

The use of SAP Solution Manager is mandatory for SAP SRM When you install SAP SRM Server
7.0 or upgrade to this release, you are prompted to enter a key generated by the Solution Manager.
Without this key, the installation or upgrade process cannot continue. For more information, see
the installation or upgrade guide for SAP SRM Server 7.0.
In SAP SRM 7.0, the SAP Solution Manager contains standard implementation content for the
business scenarios, covering all key capabilities of the SAP SRM Solution Map. This enables a fast
implementation of the entire solution in units of business processes.
For the most up-to-date information about the Solution Manager Content Release for SAP SRM 7.0,
see SAP Note 1230438.
In your SAP SRM project, execute the following activities using SAP Solution Manager:
n
n
n
n
n
n

Documentation of core business processes that are changed or implemented during Ramp-Up
Plan your solution landscape
Connection of existing systems and activation of SAP EarlyWatchAlert
Setup Solution Manager Diagnostics for root cause analysis of Java components
Handover of processes and systems to support organization after Go Live
Configuration of your scenario according to the documentation contained in SAP Solution
Manager
Recommendation

Document, configure, and test the previously defined business processes. Train users with SAP
Solution Manager.
For more information, see the following information source for SAP Solution Manager:

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SAP Solution Manager

n System infrastructure, scenarios, installation and configuration of SAP Solution


Manager: Master Guide- SAP Solution Manager available on SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Components SAP Solution Manager .
n Benefits and usage scenarios: SAP Solution Manager Learning Maps available
on SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/rkt-solman or
http://service.sap.com/solutionmanager .
n Additional information: SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/solutionmanager
and in the Master
guide for SAP enhancement package 1 for SAP NetWeaver 7.0 available at
http://service.sap.com/instguides

The following information summarizes installation considerations:


n Each SAP SRM (or SAP NetWeaver) system landscape must be assigned to an installation of the
SAP Solution Manager. In the event of a support-relevant incident within your SAP system
landscape, SAP Support requires remote access to the SAP Solution Manager that hosts the
affected system landscape.
n If you already have an SAP Solution Manager deployment in place, you can also use it to manage
the solution you build with SAP NetWeaver and SAP SRM as well. In this case, we recommend
updating SAP Solution Manager and Solution Manager content to the latest version.
n It is possible to install multiple instances of the SAP Solution Manager. In this case, each
installation should host separate business solutions.
n To reduce the risk of unavailability, do not install SAP Solution Manager as a central component.
Instead, operate a two-system landscape with test and production environment of SAP Solution
Manager, especially if you are using time-critical functions like Support Desk. If you also develop
your own content, a three-system landscape with development, test, and production environment
is recommended.

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References

6 References

Caution

Make sure you have the latest documentation version by checking SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/instguides
SAP Business Suite Applications SAP SRM Using SAP
SRM Server 7.0 immediately before starting the installation.
List of documentation references for this SAP Business Suite solution and its business scenarios:
Title

Where to find

Installation Guide SAP SRM 7.0 on


<Platform>:<Database>

SAP Service Marketplace at


http://service.sap.com/instguides

SAP Business Suite


Master Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.0

SAP SRM

SAP SRM 7.0

SAP Service Marketplace at


http://service.sap.com/instguides

SAP NetWeaver
Upgrade Master Guide SAP SRM 7.0

SAP Service Marketplace at


http://service.sap.com/instguides

SAP Business Suite


Installation Guide SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Search and
Classification (TREX)

SAP SRM

SAP SRM 7.0

SAP Service Marketplace at


http://service.sap.com/instguides

SAP NetWeaver
<Business Scenario>

See SAP Solution Manager for SAP SRM

Configuration documentation for SAP SRM 7.0 for


each business scenario

All configuration documentation for SAP SRM 7.0 is


available in SAP Solution Manager.

SAP SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation Guide

SAP Service Marketplace at


http://service.sap.com/instguides

SAP Business Suite

SAP SRM

SAP SRM 7.0

The following table lists all SAP Notes referred to in this document.
List of SAP Notes

SAP Note Number

Title

704564

R/3 Plug-In: PI 2004.1 installation/delta upgrade

708736

Release limitations concerning R/3 Plug-In 2004.1

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References

SAP Note Number

Title

1177779

SRM-MDM Catalog 3.0 Installation

567745

Composite note BW 3.x performance: DB-specific


setting

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Media List

7 Media List

You can find the media list for SAP SRM 7.0 on the SAP Service Marketplace at
http://service.sap.com/srm-inst under SAP SRM Server 7.0
Media List - SAP SRM7.0

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Reference

A Reference

A.1 The Main SAP Documentation Types


The following is an overview of the most important documentation types that you need in the
various phases in the life cycle of SAP software.
Cross-Phase Documentation

SAPterm is SAPs terminology database. It contains SAP-specific vocabulary in over 30 languages, as


well as many glossary entries in English and German.
n Target group:
l Relevant for all target groups
Current
version:
n
l On SAP Help Portal at http://help.sap.com
l In the SAP system in transaction STERM

Glossary

SAP Library is a collection of documentation for SAP software covering functions and processes.
n Target group:
l Consultants
l System administrators
l Project teams for implementations or upgrades
n Current version:
l On SAP Help Portal at http://help.sap.com (also available as documentation DVD)
The security guide describes the settings for a medium security level and offers suggestions for
raising security levels. A collective security guide is available for SAP NetWeaver. This document
contains general guidelines and suggestions. SAP applications have a security guide of their own.
n Target group:
l System administrators
l Technology consultants
l Solution consultants
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/securityguide
Implementation

The master guide is the starting point for implementing an SAP solution. It lists the required
installable units for each business or IT scenario. It provides scenario-specific descriptions of

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Reference

A.1

The Main SAP Documentation Types

preparation, execution, and follow-up of an implementation. It also provides references to other


documents, such as installation guides, the technical infrastructure guide and SAP Notes.
n Target group:
l Technology consultants
l Project teams for implementations
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
The installation guide describes the technical implementation of an installable unit, taking
into account the combinations of operating systems and databases. It does not describe any
business-related configuration.
n Target group:
l Technology consultants
l Project teams for implementations
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
Configuration Documentation in SAP Solution Manager SAP Solution Manager is a life-cycle
platform. One of its main functions is the configuration of business scenarios, business processes,
and implementable steps. It contains Customizing activities, transactions, and so on, as well as
documentation.
n Target group:
l Technology consultants
l Solution consultants
l Project teams for implementations
Current
version:
n
l In SAP Solution Manager
The Implementation Guide (IMG) is a tool for configuring (Customizing) a single SAP system.
The Customizing activities and their documentation are structured from a functional perspective.
(In order to configure a whole system landscape from a process-oriented perspective, SAP Solution
Manager, which refers to the relevant Customizing activities in the individual SAP systems, is used.)
n Target group:
l Solution consultants
l Project teams for implementations or upgrades
n Current version:
l In the SAP menu of the SAP system under Tools

Customizing

IMG

Production Operation

The technical operations manual is the starting point for operating a system that runs on SAP
NetWeaver, and precedes the application operations guides of SAP Business Suite. The manual refers

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Reference

A.1

The Main SAP Documentation Types

users to the tools and documentation that are needed to carry out various tasks, such as monitoring,
backup/restore, master data maintenance, transports, and tests.
n Target group:
l System administrators
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
The application operations guide is used for operating an SAP application once all tasks in the
technical operations manual have been completed. It refers users to the tools and documentation
that are needed to carry out the various operations-related tasks.
n Target group:
l System administrators
l Technology consultants
l Solution consultants
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
Upgrade

The upgrade master guide is the starting point for upgrading the business scenarios and processes of
an SAP solution. It provides scenario-specific descriptions of preparation, execution, and follow-up of
an upgrade. It also refers to other documents, such as upgrade guides and SAP Notes.
n Target group:
l Technology consultants
l Project teams for upgrades
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
The upgrade guide describes the technical upgrade of an installable unit, taking into account
the combinations of operating systems and databases. It does not describe any business-related
configuration.
n Target group:
l Technology consultants
l Project teams for upgrades
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/instguides
Release notes are documents that contain short descriptions of new features in a particular release
or changes to existing features since the previous release. Release notes about ABAP developments
are the technical prerequisite for generating delta and upgrade Customizing in the Implementation
Guide (IMG).
n Target group:

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Reference

A.1

The Main SAP Documentation Types

l Consultants
l Project teams for upgrades
n Current version:
l On SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/releasenotes
l In the SAP menu of the SAP system under Help Release Notes (only ABAP developments)

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Typographic Conventions

Example

Description

<Example>

Angle brackets indicate that you replace these words or characters with appropriate
entries to make entries in the system, for example, Enter your <User Name>.

Example
Example

Arrows separating the parts of a navigation path, for example, menu options

Example

Emphasized words or expressions

Example

Words or characters that you enter in the system exactly as they appear in the
documentation

http://www.sap.com

Textual cross-references to an internet address

/example

Quicklinks added to the internet address of a homepage to enable quick access to


specific content on the Web

123456

Hyperlink to an SAP Note, for example, SAP Note 123456

Example

n Words or characters quoted from the screen. These include field labels, screen titles,
pushbutton labels, menu names, and menu options.
n Cross-references to other documentation or published works

Example

n Output on the screen following a user action, for example, messages


n Source code or syntax quoted directly from a program
n File and directory names and their paths, names of variables and parameters, and
names of installation, upgrade, and database tools

EXAMPLE

Technical names of system objects. These include report names, program names,
transaction codes, database table names, and key concepts of a programming language
when they are surrounded by body text, for example, SELECT and INCLUDE

EXAMPLE

Keys on the keyboard

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Dietmar-Hopp-Allee 16
69190 Walldorf
Germany
T +49/18 05/34 34 34
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www.sap.com

Copyright 2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.


No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission
of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice.
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All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this
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These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated companies
(SAP Group) for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not
be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group products and services are
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Some components of this product are based on Java. Any code change in these components may cause unpredictable and
severe malfunctions and is therefore expressly prohibited, as is any decompilation of these components.
Any Java Source Code delivered with this product is only to be used by SAPs Support Services and may not be modified or
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Copyright 2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.


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