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Q.No.

1.

1.

1.

1.

2.

2.

2.

Question

Self-knowledge has two components:

Options
1.

The self-concept and self-enhancement

2.

The self-concept and self-esteem

3.

Self-esteem and self-enhancement

4.

Self-accuracy and self-enhancement

5.

1.

Description

2.

Explanation

Psychologists who give potential employees tests that determine what kind of
3.
job those employees might best fir are interested in the goal of

What two disciplines had an influence on early psychology?

4.

Control

5.

1.

Anthropology and history

2.

Biology and medicine

3.

Philosophy and biology

4.

Neurology and medicine

5.

1.

Description

2.

Explanation

Psychologists who give potential employees tests that determine what kind of
3.
job those employees might best fir are interested in the goal of

,
The whole is greater than small of its parts, is a statement associated with
the perspective of

Psychology is

Prediction

Prediction

4.

Control

5.

1.

Cognitive Psychologists

2.

Functionalism

3.

Psychoanalysis

4.

Gestalt Psychologists

5.

1.

The study of human origins, evolution, and cultures.

2.

The scientific study of behavior and mental processes of any living creature.

3.

A natural science integrating physiology and neurology.

4.

The deductive study of forms and functions of human groups.

5.

1.

William James

Who founded the very first experimental psychology laboratory?

Answer

2
2.

Wilhelm Wundt

2.

3.

3.

3.

3.

4.

,
The whole is greater than small of its parts, is a statement associated with
the perspective of

What we feel about ourselves we name ______, and what we know about
ourselves we name ______.

What were the two earliest schools of thought in psychology?

Which perspective focuses on free will and self actualization?

Which perspective focuses on free will and self actualization?

Which perspective looks at perception, learning and memory?

3.

Stanley Hall

4.

Descartes

5.

1.

Cognitive Psychologists

2.

Functionalism

3.

Psychoanalysis

4.

Gestalt Psychologists

5.

1.

self-esteem; self-concept

2.

self-concept; self-esteem

3.

self-efficacy; self-concept

4.

self-concept; self-efficacy

5.

1.

Humanism and behaviourism

2.

Cognitivism and psychoanalysis

3.

Structuralism and functionalism

4.

Behaviourism and psychoanalysis

5.

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Behaviorism

3.

Cognitive Psychology

4.

Humanism

5.

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Behaviorism

3.

Cognitive Psychology

4.

Humanism

5.

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Behaviorism

3.

Cognitive Psychology

4.

Evolutionary perspective

5.

4.

4.

4.

5.

5.

5.

5.

Which perspective looks at perception, learning and memory?

Because psychological problems were once thought to be caused by evil


spirits, people would chip holes in patients skulls to allow the spirits to
escape. This process is known as

The manner in which individuals gather and process information is a part of


what?

Ms. Keneisha is only 12 years old, but she can answer questions that most
15 year olds can answer. Fifteen is Keneisha,s

Ms. Keneisha is only 12 years old, but she can answer questions that most
15 year olds can answer. Fifteen is Keneisha,s

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Behaviorism

3.

Cognitive Psychology

4.

Evolutionary perspective

5.

1.

Phrenology

2.

Blood-letting

3.

Trephining

4.

Demonology

5.

1.

Personal values

2.

Cognitive style

3.

Adaptability

4.

Creativity

5.

1.

Chronological age

2.

IQ

3.

Mental age

4.

Creative

5.

1.

Chronological age

2.

IQ

3.

Mental age

4.

Creative

5.

1.

Gall

2.

Descartes

The philosopher ________ proposed the idea of tabula rasa, emphasizing the
3.
influence of environment over inborn traits

Hippocrates

4.

Locke

5.

1.

Wilhelm Wundt.

The ,,father,, of psychology and founder of the first psychological laboratory


was

2
2.

Sigmund Freud.

6.

6.

6.

6.

7.

7.

3.

John B. Watson.

4.

B. F. Skinner.

5.

1.

Ability to adapt

2.

Ability to solve problems

3.

Ability to be creative

4.

Ability to use resource effectively

5.

1.

Ability to adapt

2.

Ability to solve problems

3.

Ability to be creative

4.

Ability to use resource effectively

5.

1.

Descartes

2.

Locke

3.

Skinner

4.

Freud

5.

1.

2.

According to the definition of emotional intelligence adopted by the textbook


3.
authors, how many abilities are involved with emotional intelligence?

4.

5.

1.

Analytical

2.

Creative

Golman has proposed that ------- intelligence is a more powerful influence on


3.
success in life than other forms of intelligence.

Practical

Which of the following is not part of the definition of intelligence?

Which of the following is not part of the definition of intelligence?

The idea that human beings are born with some innate knowledge is
consistent with the philosophy of

4.

Emotional

5.

1.

Analytical

2.

Creative

Golman has proposed that ------- intelligence is a more powerful influence on


3.
success in life than other forms of intelligence.

Practical

4.

Emotional

5.

7.

7.

8.

8.

8.

8.

9.

Psychology was established formally in 1879 when

According to social comparison theory, we compare ourselves with:

Which of the following makes the Wechsler tests different from the Stanford
- Binet?

Which of the following makes the Wechsler tests different from the Stanford
- Binet?

Early psychologists studied the mind by asking people to describe what they
were experiencing when exposed to various stimuli. This procedure was
known as

Your personal cognitive style is based on which of the following two


dimensions?

1.

William James, published his first major book

2.

The American Psychological Association was founded

3.

Wilhelm Wundt founded his psychology laboratory in Germany

4.

Sigmund Freud began psychoanalysis

5.

1.

Similar others, so that we can maintain our self-esteem

2.

Similar others, so that we can evaluate our personal qualities

3.

Dissimilar others, so that we can enhance our egos

4.

Dissimilar others, so that we can feel unique,,

5.

1.

The Wechsler tests are administered to individuals

2.

The Wechsler is designed only for children

3.

The Standford - Binet is designed only for children

4.

The Wechsler provides both a verbal and a performance score

5.

1.

The Wechsler tests are administered to individuals

2.

The Wechsler is designed only for children

3.

The Standford - Binet is designed only for children

4.

The Wechsler provides both a verbal and a performance score

5.

1.

Functionalism

2.

Introspection

3.

Operationalization

4.

Behaviorism

5.

1.

The manner in which you gather information and whether you think it is true

2.

The manner in which you gather information and the way in which you act on that information

3.

Horizontal and vertical

4.

The manner in which others gather information about you and the way you react to their behaviors

5.

1.

Reliable

A test that gives similar scores for a person each time the person takes it is
considered to be a ------- test

1
2.

Valid

9.

9.

9.

10.

10.

10.

3.

Standardized

4.

Creative

5.

1.

Reliable

2.

Valid

3.

Standardized

4.

Creative

5.

1.

Structuralist

2.

Behaviorist

3.

Humanistic

4.

Functionalist

5.

1.

Constant exposure to negative evaluations

2.

Long-term depression

3.

Repeated experience of lack of control

4.

Exposure to threatening stimuli

5.

1.

Analytical

2.

Creative

According to Sternberg, ,street smarts, is another way of talking about which


3.
kind of intelligence?

Practical

A test that gives similar scores for a person each time the person takes it is
considered to be a ------- test

The ability of human beings to adapt to their environments is a central


concern in the _____ perspective

Learned helplessness arises from:

4.

Emotional

5.

1.

Analytical

2.

Creative

According to Sternberg, ,street smarts, is another way of talking about which


3.
kind of intelligence?

Practical

Which of the following terms best reflects the meaning of the word gestalt?

4.

Emotional

5.

1.

Specific components

2.

Innate thoughts

3.

Stimulus and response

4.

Total units or wholes

5.

10.

11.

11.

11.

11.

12.

12.

To become a better manager, what is one of the first things one should do?

1.

Improve one,s communication skills

2.

Seek knowledge of oneself

3.

Manage one,s time better

4.

Empower one,s employees

5.

1.

Id

2.

Ego

Mr. Ganguli wants a new MP3 player he saw in the local electronics store, but
he doesn,t have enough money to pay for it. Which structure of Ganguli,s
3.
personality would urge him to take the player while no one in the store was
looking?
4.

Libido

5.

1.

Id

2.

Ego

Mr. Ganguli wants a new MP3 player he saw in the local electronics store, but
he doesn,t have enough money to pay for it. Which structure of Ganguli,s
3.
personality would urge him to take the player while no one in the store was
looking?

_____ has emphasized the influence of social and cultural factors on


personality

How should managers know and accept others?

To explain a person,s personality, behaviorists would look to

Superego

Superego

4.

Libido

5.

1.

Downey

2.

Horney

3.

Washburn

4.

Calkins

5.

1.

Be an enigma to themselves

2.

Work toward self-denial and unselfishness

3.

Work toward self-awareness and self-acceptance

4.

Work toward self-reverence and reflection

5.

1.

Early childhood emotional traumas

2.

The kind of love, warmth, and affection given to the person by his or her parents

3.

The early experiences of rewards and punishments for certain behavior

4.

The constellation of personality traits possessed by the person

5.

1.

Early childhood emotional traumas

To explain a person s personality, behaviorists would look to

3
2.

The kind of love, warmth, and affection given to the person by his or her parents

12.

12.

13.

13.

13.

13.

Which of the following psychologists would have been most likely to use
introspection?

Seema seems to have a sense that she can accomplish whatever she really
sets her mind to. According to Bandura, Seema:

Unlike Psychoanalysis, the social cognitive view of personality

Unlike Psychoanalysis, the social cognitive view of personality

Currently, there are _____ dominant perspectives in psychology

The highest emotional and intellectual potential recognized by Maslow is


called

3.

The early experiences of rewards and punishments for certain behavior

4.

The constellation of personality traits possessed by the person

5.

1.

Sigmund Freud

2.

William James

3.

Wilhelm Wundt

4.

John Gestalt

5.

1.

has low self-esteem.

2.

has high self-efficacy.

3.

is narcissistic.

4.

has a superiority complex.

5.

1.

Tries to explain how people become the people they are

2.

Stresses the importance of early childhood in personality development

3.

Is fully able to explain all the complexities of human behavior

4.

Has been scientifically tested

5.

1.

Tries to explain how people become the people they are

2.

Stresses the importance of early childhood in personality development

3.

Is fully able to explain all the complexities of human behavior

4.

Has been scientifically tested

5.

1.

One

2.

Five

3.

Nine

4.

Thirteen

5.

1.

humanism

2.

spirituality

3.

self-actualization

4.

fulfillment

5.

14.

14.

14.

14.

15.

15.

15.

Memory can be described as

Memory can be described as

Which psychological approach is most closely associated with Sigmund


Freud?

Which of the following is NOT a source of self-efficacy?

When retrieving a long term memory, bits and pieces of information are
gathered from various areas and put back together in a process called

When retrieving a long term memory, bits and pieces of information are
gathered from various areas and put back together in a process called

1.

A series of storage bins or boxes

2.

A process of storage

3.

an active system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information

4.

A series of passive data files

5.

1.

A series of storage bins or boxes

2.

A process of storage

3.

an active system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information

4.

A series of passive data files

5.

1.

Cognitive

2.

Behavioral

3.

Humanistic

4.

Psychodynamic

5.

1.

Soliciting encouragement and advice from others.

2.

Watching others perform a skill one wants to learn.

3.

Mastering new skills.

4.

Comparing oneself to others who are less fortunate.

5.

1.

Consolidation

2.

Reintegration

3.

Constructive processing

4.

Automatic Processing

5.

1.

Consolidation

2.

Reintegration

3.

Constructive processing

4.

Automatic Processing

5.

1.

cognitive

The _____ perspective rejects the idea that thoughts or actions are forced by
the environment, by unconscious forces, or by automatic biological processes

4
2.

biological

15.

16.

16.

16.

16.

17.

The self-concept that you have in mind at a given time is referred to as a


________ self-concept.

Which type of long term memory is revised and updated more or less
constantly?

Which type of long term memory is revised and updated more or less
constantly?

3.

psychodynamic

4.

humanistic

5.

1.

possible

2.

working

3.

public

4.

recent

5.

1.

Procedural

2.

Declarative

3.

Semantic

4.

Episodic

5.

1.

Procedural

2.

Declarative

3.

Semantic

4.

Episodic

5.

1.

Structuralism

2.

Behaviorism

Wundt set out to study conscious experience, including sensations, thoughts,


3.
and other components of the human mind. His perspective is called

Which of the following is not a major theoretical perspective in psychology?

Although the capacity of short term memory is limited, more items can be
held in this kind of storage through the process of

Functionalism

4.

Psychoanalysis

5.

1.

psychodynamic

2.

humanistic

3.

pragmatic

4.

behavioral

5.

1.

Chunking

2.

Decoding

3.

Rote rehearsal

4.

Priming

5.

17.

17.

17.

18.

18.

18.

18.

Although the capacity of short term memory is limited, more items can be
held in this kind of storage through the process of

Who was the first American psychologist to found and advocate for the
behavioral view?

Your friend Tara has decided to postpone starting business school for two
years in order to help her family operate their small hardware store during
her dad,s illness. She is exhibiting a characteristic behavior of persons from
a(n) ________ culture.

Ms. Sheena suffers from a nervous tic of washing her hands repeatedly and
being unable to resist washing them again and again. Which perspective
would explain Jenna,s hand-washing behaviour as a result of repressed
conflicts?

Ms. Sheena suffers from a nervous tic of washing her hands repeatedly and
being unable to resist washing them again and again. Which perspective
would explain Jenna,s hand-washing behaviour as a result of repressed
conflicts?

Those who identify with the psychodynamic perspective emphasize

Rajesh has completed some classes in Psychology. He believes this has


provided an opportunity for introspection that increased his self-knowledge.
When you begin to question him about his experiences, he becomes
defensive and states, ,,I don,t want to talk about it with you!,, Based on the
review of self-awareness in the text, what would be the most accurate
conclusion?

1.

Chunking

2.

Decoding

3.

Rote rehearsal

4.

Priming

5.

1.

Sigmund Freud

2.

Abraham Maslow

3.

John B. Watson

4.

B. F. Skinner

5.

1.

humanistic

2.

individualistic

3.

behavioristic

4.

collectivistic

5.

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Cognitive Psychology

3.

Behaviourism

4.

Humanism

5.

1.

Psychoanalysis

2.

Cognitive Psychology

3.

Behaviourism

4.

Humanism

5.

1.

unconscious rather than conscious causes of behavior

2.

observable behavior rather than mental processes

3.

mental processes of which the person is aware, rather than those that are hidden from awareness

4.

intentional rather than unintentional actions.

5.

1.

Yes, it probably has increased his self-knowledge. Now he is protective of that knowledge.

2
2.

No, it probably has not increased his self-knowledge.

19.

19.

19.

19.

20.

20.

A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing severe
personality problems because of the damage would best be advised to see a

A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing severe
personality problems because of the damage would best be advised to see a

Psychologists who adopt the _____ perspective often compare how humans
process information to the way computers operate: information is inputted,
saved, and later retrieved.

Research suggests individuals with low tolerance for ambiguity and low
cognitive complexity are

In a laboratory observation, the main advantage of this method is

In a laboratory observation, the main advantage of this method is

3.

Maybe, maybe not, depends upon what rituals he practiced.

4.

Yes, because he has become more self-assertive and aware of what he wants to talk about.

5.

1.

Psychiatrist

2.

Psychiatrist Social Worker

3.

Psychoanalyst

4.

Psychologist

5.

1.

Psychiatrist

2.

Psychiatrist Social Worker

3.

Psychoanalyst

4.

Psychologist

5.

1.

Psychodynamic

2.

Behavioral

3.

Cognitive

4.

Neuroscience

5.

1.

better transmitters of information.

2.

able to interpret more cues.

3.

less behaviorally adaptive.

4.

unable to understand abstract ideas.

5.

1.

The degree of control it allows the observer

2.

The degree of participation it allows the observer

3.

The observer effect

4.

The opportunity for representative sampling

5.

1.

The degree of control it allows the observer

2.

The degree of participation it allows the observer

3.

The observer effect

4.

The opportunity for representative sampling

5.

20.

20.

21.

21.

21.

21.

22.

1.

Structural

2.

Functional

3.

Psychodynamic

4.

Behavioral

5.

1.

Creative co-workers

2.

Co-workers with diverse social values

3.

Co-workers with different self-awareness traits

4.

Co-workers similar to them

5.

1.

Phrenology

2.

Astrology

Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of


3.
the positions of heavenly bodies?

Palmistry

William James is most closely associated with the _____ perspective

In the workplace, people are most likely to interact with which co-workers?

4.

Graphology

5.

1.

Phrenology

2.

Astrology

Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of


3.
the positions of heavenly bodies?

Palmistry

Which perspective asserted that psychology should focus solely on


observable behaviors that can be objectively measured?

4.

Graphology

5.

1.

Psychodynamic

2.

Humanistic

3.

Behavioral

4.

Cognitive

5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.

Precognition

Which supposed ESP ability involves being able to ,see, something that is not
physically present by touching another object?

3
2.

Telepathy

22.

22.

23.

23.

23.

24.

3.

Clairvoyance

4.

Telekinesis

5.

1.

Precognition

2.

Telepathy

Which supposed ESP ability involves being able to ,see, something that is not
3.
physically present by touching another object?

The question of whether a person can do mental arithmetic and listen to


music without one activity interfering with the other would be a topic of

4.

Telekinesis

5.

1.

Behavioral psychology

2.

Biological psychology

3.

Psychodynamic psychology

4.

Cognitive psychology

5.

1.

Left; Right

2.

Right; Right

Recognizing the face of someone you run into at the mall is a function of the
------------ hemisphere; being able to retrieve that person,s name from
3.
memory is a function of the ----------- hemisphere.

Ebbinghaus found that information is forgotten

Right; Left

4.

Left; Left

5.

1.

Left; Right

2.

Right; Right

Recognizing the face of someone you run into at the mall is a function of the
------------ hemisphere; being able to retrieve that person,s name from
3.
memory is a function of the ----------- hemisphere.

A main theme of the humanistic approach is that

Clairvoyance

Right; Left

4.

Left; Left

5.

1.

people have free will to make their own decisions

2.

False

3.

behavior is genetically or environmentally determined

4.

unconscious conflicts dominate personality

5.

thoughts and emotions can be understood biologically

1.

More rapidly as time goes by

2.

Gradually at first, then increasing in speed of forgetting

3.

Quickly at first, then tapering off gradually

4.

Most quickly one day after learning

5.

24.

25.

25.

Ebbinghaus found that information is forgotten

1.

More rapidly as time goes by

2.

Gradually at first, then increasing in speed of forgetting

3.

Quickly at first, then tapering off gradually

4.

Most quickly one day after learning

5.

1.

Proactive interference

2.

Retroactive interference

You started out by using WordPerfect and then moved to Microsoft Word
because your company demanded that all documents be in Word. If you have
3.
trouble with Word, it is most likely due to

Q.No.

1.

1.

1.

2.

Anterograde interference

4.

Consolidation problems

5.

1.

Proactive interference

2.

Retroactive interference

You started out by using WordPerfect and then moved to Microsoft Word
because your company demanded that all documents be in Word. If you have
3.
trouble with Word, it is most likely due to

Anterograde interference

4.

Consolidation problems

5.

Question

Options

1.
Mr. James,s parents have given his 2-year-old daughter,
Marie, a very noisy jack-in-the-box toy for her birthday. Marie
2.
loves to turn the crank and make the puppet pot up, over and
over and over. Desperate to have some peace and quiet,
James gives Marie a Candy, which distracts her and produces 3.
the quiet he was craving. But when the Candy is finished,
Marie goes back to the toy, cranking and cranking. James
tries another Candy. What kind of reinforcement process is
4.
taking place in this situation?

The Enduring And Distinctive Thoughts, Emotions, And


Behaviors That Are Characteristic Of An Individual Comprise

Marie is being positively reinforced for playing with the toy by receiving the treat.
James is being positively reinforced for giving her the treat by the quiet the follows.
James is being negatively reinforced for giving her the treat by the absence of the
noise

Both (a) and (c) are correct.

5.

1.

The Conscious.

2.

The Superego.

3.

Personality.

4.

Consciousness.

5.

1.

Darwin theory

2.

Two factor theory

The statement We are afraid because we tremble is explained


3.
by which theory of emotion?

James-lange theory

4.

Cannon bard theory

5.

Sanjana had learned that if her mother was smiling at her


1.
when she came into the kitchen, it meant that Sanjana would
probably be given a treat to eat if she asked nicely. But if her
2.
mother was frowning, she would not give Sanjana anything

Answe

conditioned stimulus
2
discriminative stimulus

and instead would shoo her away. Sanjana,s mother facial


expression was serving as a

2.

2.

3.

3.

In Carl Rogerss Humanistic Personality Theory, Anxiety Is


The Outcome Of

3.

positive reinforcer

4.

negative reinforcer

5.

1.

Subconscious Conflict Between The Id And The Superego.

2.

Ones Striving For Self Actualization.

3.

Discrepancy Between Ones Self Concept And Actual Experiences.

4.

Disagreement Between Surface Traits And Source Traits.

5.

1.

Analytical problem solving

2.

Creative problem solving

When relevant information is available, when a clear standard


exists to assess the correctness of a solution, and the problem 3.
is straightforward, which decision model should be used?
4.

Both the analytical and creative problem-solving models

5.

1.

attention

Babaram would really like to learn to do party dancing, but


2.
he has a severe limp in his left leg. Although he watches party
dancing on television and can remember all the moves and
dips, he will be very unlikely to be able to learn to dance this 3.
way because he is mission a key element of observational
learning. What is it?
4.

The Tendency To Perceive Oneself Favorably Is

4.

Which of the following is NOT true of illusions?

In classical conditioning, the ------ are important in learning,


but in operant conditioning, it is the ---- that determine
whether learning will occur

memory
imitation

motivation.

5.

1.

False Uniqueness Bias.

2.

Self-Handicapping Bias.

3.

Self-Serving Bias.

4.

Self-Efficacy Bias

5.

1.

3.

Neither the analytical nor creative problem-solving model

Most explanations for visual illusions concentrate either on the physical operation of
the eye or on our misinterpretation of the visual stimulus.

2.

Illusions can determine how buildings are designed.

3.

Illusions are universally perceived.

4.

Air traffic controllers may be affected by the Poggendorf illusion.

5.

1.

antecedents; consequences

2.

consequences; antecedents

3.

rewards; punishments

4.

punishments; rewards

5.

4.

4.

5.

5.

5.

6.

6.

In Psychology, The Study Of Personality Focuses On

This problem-solving style occurs less frequently but often


separates career successes from career failures. What does
this problem-solving style focus on?

1.

Change.

2.

Stability.

3.

External Factors.

4.

Learned Factors.

5.

1.

Analytical problem solving

2.

Creative problem solving

3.

Managerial problem solving

4.

Strategic thinking

5.

1.

the cold water

In your college hostel, any time you take a shower, someone 2.


always flushes the toilet and causes the water in your shower
to turn icy cold, making you cringe. After several episodes like
3.
this, you find that you tend to cringe whenever you hear a
toilet flush, no matter where you are. In this example, what is
the conditioned stimulus?
4.

Who among the following probably has the least ability to


cope effectively with stress?

Who Of The Following Psychologists Did Not Identify With


The Psychodynamic Approach To Personality?

the cringing reaction

the sight of a toilet


-

1.

Universality; Variance

2.

Universality; Consistency
Uniqueness; Variance

4.

Uniqueness; Consistency

5.

1.

Cannon-Bard

2.

Lazarus

-------- theory argues that an emotion arises when you


interpret a situation, not when you notice your bodily arousal. 3.

the sound of the flushing

5.

Key Words That Describe The Study Of Personality Are _____


3.
And _____.

James-Lange

4.

Schachter

5.

1.

Mr. Mathur, a very religious person

2.

Ms. Megna, who comes from a culture that emphasizes the family

3.

Mr. Jackson, who has few friends and whose family lives far away from him

4.

Ms. Lalita, who mediates every day

5.

1.

John Watson

1
2.

Alfred Adler

6.

7.

7.

7.

8.

8.

The overriding gestalt principle is:

Ms. Sadana is having trouble in algebra. She goes to the


school,s academic help center for tutoring and spends extra
time working algebra problems at home. Sadana,s method of
coping is

In Psychodynamic Theory, The Emphasis Is On The

The positive or negative aspect of emotion is called --------

In which of Selye,s stages is death a possible outcome?

Self-Actualization Is A Term Used By Rogers To Refer To A


State In Which People

3.

Sigmund Freud

4.

Carl Jung

5.

1.

closure.

2.

similarity.

3.

proximity.

4.

simplicity.

5.

1.

problem focused

2.

emotion focused

3.

defensive focused

4.

internal

5.

1.

Unconscious.

2.

Conscious.

3.

Reality.

4.

Morality.

5.

1.

variance

2.

valence

3.

covalent

4.

valiant

5.

1.

alarm

2.

resistance

3.

reaction

4.

exhaustion

5.

1.

Have Strong Motivations Toward Physiological Or Safety Needs.

2.

Realize Their Highest Potential Through Self-Fulfillment.

3.

Overcome A Period Of Mental Illness.

4.

Overcome The Need For Reinforcement.

5.

8.

9.

9.

9.

10.

10.

10.

1.

Select the first reasonable solution that comes to mind

2.

Select the first reasonable problem that comes to mind

What is the natural tendency of people in resolving problems? 3.

Select the best solution after evaluating all the alternatives

4.

None of the answer choices are correct.

5.

1.

pressure

2.

predictability

3.

uncontrollability

4.

frustration

5.

1.

Unconscious.

2.
As You Take Your Exam, You Probably Are Not Aware Of How
Hard The Chair Is That You Are Sitting In. Now That It Has
Been Brought To Your Attention, You Become More Aware Of 3.
The Chairs Hardness. Freud Would Argue That This
Information Was Stored In Your
4.

Preconscious.

Which of the following is not a source of stress as discussed


in the class?

Id.

1.

attribution

2.

James-Lange

Which theory holds that we are afraid because we run or are


3.
angry because we strike?

Cannon-Bard

Temperament Is Presumed To Originate From The Childs

Top-down processing is illustrated by the importance of -----in determining how we perceive objects.

Frontal Lobe.

5.

Appraising a stressor as a challenge results in

4.

Cognitive

5.

1.

more stress

2.

less stress

3.

less successful coping

4.

increased negative emotions

5.

1.

Innate Disposition.

2.

Early Learning Experiences With The Primary Caregiver Or Mother.

3.

Source Traits.

4.

Personally Chosen Interests And Ideas.

5.

1.

context

1
2.

figure

11.

11.

3.

features

4.

shape

5.

1.

James-lange

2.

Cannon-Bard

The theory of emotion that owes a lot to Darwin,s work is the


3.
------- theory

The Iceberg Analogy Is Used To Represent Freuds


Personality Structure Because

4.

Facial feedback

5.

1.

It Demonstrates The Nature Of Personality As A Huge Destructive Force.

2.

It Represents The Chilling And Amoral View Of Human Existence.

3.

It Shows That Most Important Processes Occur Beneath The Level Of Consciousness.

4.

12.

12.

12.

Which is best when generating alternatives?

The ------ theory of emotion would predict that people with


spinal cord injuries that prevent them from experiencing
sympathetic arousal would show decreased emotion.

1.

Evaluate the alternatives as they are proposed; this saves time.

The process of ----- could explain why after repeatedly


hearing the same song on the radio, some people lose
interesteven though they love the song when they first
hear it.

Focus on the short term; bad decisions in the short term means there is no long term
to worry about.

3.

Evaluate the alternatives after all alternatives have been proposed.

4.

Separate alternatives from one another.

5.

1.

James-Lange

2.

Cannon-Bard

3.

Schachter-Singer

4.

Facial feedback

5.

1.

Humanistic

2.

Trait

The Conscious, Self Motivated Ability To Improve Is The Core


3.
Of The _____ Approach To Personality.

The Size Of The Iceberg Represents Egocentrism And Its Location In The Ocean
Isolation.

5.

2.
11.

Schachter-Singer

Learning

4.

Neo Freudian

5.

1.

maturation

2.

shaping

3.

habituation

4.

stimulus discrimination

5.

13.

13.

13.

14.

14.

14.

15.

1.

needs

2.
Ms. Gaene is trying to choose a snack. There is a bowl of fruit
on the table, but there,s also a candy bar that he bought
3.
yesterday. The fact that Gene feels drawn to choose the
candy bar instead of the fruit is an example of the power of

drives

4.

arousal

5.

1.

Reveal The Persons Unconscious Desires Of Urges.

2.

Be Reinforced By Positive Responses.

According To Psychodynamic Theory, A Slip Of The Tongue Is


3.
Said To

The process by which we can perceive some kinds of


information of which we are unaware is called:

Ms. Jaishree needs to be the one whose ideas are always


used and craves prestige among others. She drives an
expensive car and wears nothing but the most expensive
clothes. Jaishree is high in the need for

Be Part Of The Psyche That Dispenses Both Praise And Criticism.

4.

Serve As A Defense Mechanism That Creates Anxiety.

5.

1.

extrasensory perception.

2.

subliminal perception.

3.

psi.

4.

None of these.

5.

1.

achievement

2.

affiliation

3.

power

4.

attention

5.

1.

Social Potency

2.

Achievement

Twin Personality Studies Have Shown That _____ Appears To


3.
Have A Relatively Strong Genetic Component.

Intelligence

4.

Stress Reaction

5.

1.

,,

2.

,,

Your boss remarks to you that ,,decision making is concerned


with the discovery and selection of satisfactory alternatives.,, 3.
What would be the best response to your boss?

The public service messages that encourage parents to sit


down with their children and talk frankly about drugs are
promoting which method of attitude formation?

incentives

No, I believe decision making is concerned with proper problem definition. ,,


No, I believe decision making is concerned with the generation of alternatives. ,,

,,

No, I believe decision making is concerned with the discovery and selection of optimal 3
alternatives.,,

4.

,,

Yes, I agree.

5.

1.

Direct contact
2

2.

Direct instruction

3.

Vicarious conditioning

4.

Observational learning

5.

1.

15.

15.

16.

16.

17.

17.

According To Freudian Theory, Our Distinctive Personality


Results From The

Generalized beliefs and expectations about a group and its


members are referred to as

The concept of aggression as a basic human instinct driving


people to destructive acts was part of early ------ theory.

2.

Balance Between The Life Instinct And Death Instinct.

3.

Continuous Interaction Among The Id, Ego, And Superego For Dominance.

4.

Disequilibrium Between The Reality Principle And The Pleasure Principle.

5.

1.

stereotypes.

2.

prejudices.

3.

ingroup biases.

4.

outgroup biases.

5.

1.

Humanistic

2.

Behavioral

3.

Psychoanalytical

4.

Cognitive

5.

1.

Financial Independence

2.

Relationship Harmony

In Asian Cultures, _____ Is A More Important Component Of


3.
Self-Esteem Than It Is In The United States.

Advanced Education

4.

A Leadership Role

5.

1.

Change their behaviour

2.

Change their attitude

Which of the following is not of the three things people do to


3.
reduce cognitive dissonance?

According To Jungian Theory, Luke Skywalker And Darth


Vader Are Examples Of _____.

Constant Interaction Among The Conscious, Unconscious, And Preconscious Levels Of


The Mind.

Form a new attitude

4.

Ignore the conflict

5.

1.

The Personal Unconscious.

2.

Archetypes.

3.

Mandalas.

4.

The Collective Unconscious.

5.

18.

18.

19.

19.

20.

20.

21.

The approach to motivation that forced psychologists to


consider the hereditary factors in motivation was the ------approach

Which Of These Was Not Proposed By Freud As One Of The


Three Elements Of Personality Structure?

1.

arousal

2.

drive-reduction

3.

instinct

4.

incentive

5.

1.

Superid

2.

Superego

3.

Ego

4.

Id

5.

1.

Accepted as fact

2.

Strong

An attitude is most likely to lead to a related behaviour when


3.
the attitude is

_____ Is The Component Of Personality That Encompasses


Our Positive And Negative Self-Evaluations.

What happens when a stereotype is activated?

Difficult to access from memory

4.

Unstable

5.

1.

Self-Harmony

2.

Self-Ideal

3.

Self-Esteem

4.

Self-Efficacy

5.

1.

We see only negative qualities of the individual being stereotyped

2.

We see only positive qualities of the individual being stereotyped

3.

We react to a person,s membership in a category rather than his or her individual


characteristics.

4.

Our thinking but not our behaviour is affected by the content of the stereotype

5.

1.

Superego.

2.

Reality Principle.

When suresh is insulted by a rude remark from another


driver, he jumps out of his car and tries to hit the other driver. 3.
Freud would say sureshss behavior is being driven By

Id.

4.

Ego.

5.

Professor Elliot told his students that if his door was open, it 1.
meant that he was available to them and would gladly answer
any questions they might have. But if his door was pushed
almost completely shut, it meant that he was busy and would 2.

discriminative stimulus, asking questions


1
discriminative stimulus, not asking questions

prefer not to answer questions at that time. Professor Elliot,s


door being open was a ------ for -------

21.

22.

22.

23.

23.

24.

Research Suggests That

3.

discriminative response, asking questions

4.

discriminative response, not asking questions

5.

1.

People Who Have Low Self-Esteem In One Area Of Their Lives Do Not Necessarily
Have Low Self-Esteem In All Other Areas.

2.

People Who Have Low Self-Esteem In One Area Of Their Lives Typically Have Low
Self-Esteem In All Other Areas.

3.

The Drive To Increase Self-Esteem Among Adolescents Would Reduce All The
Problems That Society Faces Today.

4.

Self-Esteem Tends To Be More Important Than Self-Efficacy When Predicting Social


Problems Like Criminal Behavior.

5.

1.

Fear causes the child to remember the behaviour that was punished

2.

Fear creates resentment that makes the child rebellious and disobedient

What is the most likely explanation for why fear caused by


severe punishment tends to make the punishment ineffective? 3.

Which Personality Structure Is Completely Unconscious And


Consists Of Instincts?

Is eyewitness testimony usually accurate?

Whose Ideas Are The Basis Of The Behaviorist Approach To


Personality?

The need for money is an example of a(n) ------- drive

Fear interferes with the child,s ability to learn from the punishment

4.

None of the above are true

5.

1.

Ego

2.

Id

3.

Superego

4.

Superid

5.

1.

Yes, because seeing is believing

2.

No, because eyewitnesses are not usually honest

3.

Yes, because eyewitnesses are very confident about their testimony

4.

No, because there is a great possibility of a ,,false positive,, identification

5.

1.

Carl Rogers

2.

Inge Tellegen

3.

Albert Bandura

4.

B. F. Skinner

5.

1.

primary

2.

acquired

3.

innate

4.

instinctive

5.

24.

25.

25.

26.

26.

27.

27.

1.

Inherited Universal Ideas, Wishes, And Memories.

2.

Common Learning Experiences In Childhood Or Infancy.

3.

Tendencies To Sacrifice Ourselves Individually For The Group.

4.

Ideas That Arise From, And Are Specific To, Ones Own Culture.

5.

1.

intrinsic

2.
Shontia works at a day care center. The pay is low and the
hours are long, but she loves being around children and has
no desire to look for a higher-paying job. Shontia,s motivation 3.
appears to be

extrinsic

4.

external

5.

1.

It Is Innate.

2.

It Is Learned.

Carl Jungs Idea Of The Collective Unconscious States That


We Share

Which Of The Following Statements About The Id Is Correct? 3.

In Schachter and Singer,s classic study, participants were


physically aroused by

The Various Trait Theories Differ In Their

Which of the following is a cognitive symptom of stress?

Unlike Psychodynamic Approaches To Personality, The


Learning Approach Emphasizes

selfish

It Corresponds With Reality.

4.

It Corresponds With Morality.

5.

1.

exposure to a ,,happy,, man

2.

exposure to an ,,angry,, man.

3.

Receiving epinephrine

4.

Watching an exciting film

5.

1.

Emphasis On Unconscious Forces.

2.

Focus On How Many Traits Are Fundamental.

3.

Reliance On Case Study Methodology.

4.

Perspective On Behavioral Consistency.

5.

1.

frequent colds

2.

anxiety

3.

overeating

4.

memory problems

5.

1.

Latent Personality Structures.

3
2.

Self-Actualization Processes.

28.

28.

29.

29.

30.

How do today,s researchers differ from Selye in their view of


eustress?

According To Freud, The _____ Operates According To The


Pleasure Principle.

Unpredictable, large-scale events that create a great deal of


stress and feelings of threat are called

The Basic Assumption Shared By Trait Theorists Is That

3.

The Outer Person.

4.

Biological Traits.

5.

1.

They feel that eustress is more harmful than distress

2.

They have not found evidence for eustress

3.

They believe that a certain level of eustress is necessary to promote health

4.

They believe that distress can be helpful instead of harmful

5.

1.

Id

2.

Ego

3.

Superid

4.

Superego

5.

1.

major life events

2.

catastrophes

3.

hassles

4.

major hassles

5.

1.

The Basic Assumption Shared By Trait Theorists Is That

2.

An Individuals Traits Are Consistent Across Different Situations.

3.
4.

Traits Are Learned Habits That Are Modified By Reinforcers.

5.

1.

anger

2.

fear

Your heart is racing, your breathing is rapid, and your mouth


3.
is dry. What emotion are you experiencing?
4.
5.

30.

People Possess The Traits To The Same Degree But Differ In How They Choose To
Apply Them.

happiness

2.

Trait Theories Focus On The Role Of Free Will And The Capacity For People To SelfActualize.

5.

Trait Theories Are Largely Concerned With Unconscious Forces That Shape
Personality.

4.

It is not always possible to distinguish one emotion from another by physiological


reactions only.

1.

Which Of The Following Statements Regarding Trait Theories


3.
Is Correct?

Trait Theories Assume That People Either Have A Trait, Or They Do Not.
Trait Theories Suggest That People Vary In The Degree To Which They Have Any
Trait.
-

Q.No.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Question

According to Howard Gardner,

Transforming incoming information into a usable form is the


stage of memory called

What is the correct order of needs in Maslow,s hierarchy?

Options
1.

intelligence has 12 varieties.

2.

the varieties of intelligence are specific to cultural context.

3.

there are two main categories of multiple intelligences: personal and extra-personal.

4.

the multiple intelligences are all components of a persons global intelligence.

5.

1.

retrieval.

2.

encoding.

3.

storage.

4.

organization.

5.

1.

physiological; esteem; safety; self-actualization; love and belonging

2.

self-actualization; physiological; safety; love and belonging; esteem

3.

physiological; safety; love and belonging; esteem; self-actualization

4.

self-actualization; safety; love and belonging; esteem; physiological

5.

1.

Darwin theory

2.

Two factor theory

The statement We are afraid because we tremble is explained


3.
by which theory of emotion?

James-lange theory

4.

Cannon bard theory

5.

1.

Fluid

2.

Creative

3.

Crystallized

4.

Primary

5.

1.

Cannon-Bard

2.

Lazarus

As you become an expert in an area, what type of


intelligence is developing?

________ theory argues that an emotion arises when you


interpret a situation, not when you notice your bodily arousal. 3.

The storage capacity of long-term memory is best described


as

James-Lange

4.

Schachter

5.

1.

a single item.

Answe

4
2.

about seven items.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

Motivation is the process of initiating, __________, and


directing activities of the organism

3.

about seven volumes.

4.

limitless.

5.

1.

supplying

2.

sustaining

3.

surveying

4.

suspending

5.

1.

variance

2.

valence

The positive or negative aspect of emotion is called ________ 3.

The idea that individuals consider the relationship between


effort, performance and reward when anticipating the
achievement of personal goals is the basis for _____

The process of holding information in memory is referred to


as

covalent

4.

valiant

5.

1.

Theory Y

2.

Theory X

3.

Expectancy theory

4.

Maslows hierarchy

5.

1.

retrieval.

2.

encoding.

3.

storage.

4.

organization.

5.

1.

cognition, the brain

2.

the brain, cognition

In comparing a computer to the human brain, the computer,s


hardware is like _____ and the computer ,s software is like
3.
_____.

memory, intelligence

4.

thought, emotion

5.

1.

attribution

2.

James-Lange

Which theory holds that we are afraid because we run or are


3.
angry because we strike?

Cannon-Bard

4.

cognitive

5.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

The tendency for prior learning to inhibit recall of later


learning is called

Secondary motives are

Which of the following is one of Gardner,s types of


intelligence?

The first step in placing information into memory storage is

1.

encoding failure.

2.

repression.

3.

retroactive interference.

4.

proactive interference.

5.

1.

needs that are learned.

2.

innate but not necessary for survival.

3.

not innate but necessary for survival.

4.

innate and necessary for survival.

5.

1.

executive skills

2.

ethics

3.

music

4.

creativity

5.

1.

learning.

2.

short-term memory.

3.

sensory memory.

4.

rehearsal.

5.

1.

valence

2.

emotion

Which one of the following is not essential to the Expectancy


3.
Theory?

Recoding, chunking, and rehearsal are especially important


for the improvement of

Standardization includes formalizing testing procedures and


establishing

religion

4.

values

5.

1.

short-term memory efficiency.

2.

eidetic imagery.

3.

sensory memory.

4.

long-term memory traces.

5.

1.

goals.

3
2.

plans.

21.

22.

23.

Which if the following is NOT part of the 3 Needs Theory?

3.

norms.

4.

forms.

5.

1.

nAff

2.

nAtr

3.

nAch

4.

nPow

5.

1.

coping

2.

positive affect

Being able to successfully recover from negative life events is


3.
known as

________ is the capacity for learning certain and specific


abilities.

resilience

4.

stress appraisal

5.

1.

Achievement

2.

Intelligence

3.

Aptitude

4.

Scholastics

5.