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Name

Date

Chapter

37

Class

Reinforcement and Study Guide

Respiration, Circulation,
and Excretion, continued

Section 37.2 The Circulatory System

In your textbook, read about your blood, ABO blood types, and blood vessels.
Answer the following questions.
1. What cells and substances would you expect to find suspended or dissolved in plasma?

red and white blood cells; platelets; carbon dioxide and other gases; hormones;
enzymes; proteins; inorganic salts; antibodies; nutrients
2. How is carbon dioxide transported in blood?

About 70% combines with water in the plasma to form bicarbonate; the rest is
carried by hemoglobin and/or dissolved in plasma.
Complete the table below by checking the correct column for each description.
Description

Red Blood Cells

White Blood Cells

Platelets

3. Contain hemoglobin

4. Fight infection

5. Lack a nucleus

7. Transport oxygen
8. Comparatively large and nucleated

For each statement below, write true or false.

false
____________________

9. Your blood type can be changed with a blood transfusion.

false
____________________
10. Different blood types result from different antibodies being present on the
membranes of red blood cells.
true
____________________
11. If you have type B blood, then you have anti-A antibodies in your plasma.
false
____________________
12. Risks involving incompatible Rh factors are greatest for a womans first
child.

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CHAPTER 37 BIOLOGY: The Dynamics of Life

REINFORCEMENT AND STUDY GUIDE

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

6. Help clot blood

Name

Date

Chapter

37

Class

Reinforcement and Study Guide

Respiration, Circulation,
and Excretion, continued

Section 37.2 The Circulatory System,


continued

In your textbook, read about your heart, bloods path through the heart, and inside your heart.
Label the parts of the human heart in the diagram below. Use these choices:
aorta

left atrium

left ventricle

pulmonary veins

right atrium

right ventricle

pulmonary arteries

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

aorta
13. __________________________

pulmonary arteries
14. __________________________

15.

pulmonary veins

right atrium
17. __________________________

16.

left atrium

right ventricle
19. __________________________

18.

left ventricle

20. Where does blood go from the pulmonary veins? From the right ventricle? From the left ventricle?

to the left atrium; to the pulmonary arteries; to the aorta


21. What prevents blood from mixing between atria and ventricles?

one-way valves
In your textbook, read about heartbeat regulation, control of the heart, and blood pressure.
Determine if the statement is true. If it is not, rewrite the italicized part to make it true.

pulse
22. The surge of blood through an artery is called the cardiac output. _______________________________
true
23. The pacemaker initiates heartbeats by generating electrical impulses. ______________________________
24. An electrocardiogram is a record of the strength of each heartbeat. _______________________________

the electrical changes in the heart


25. The atrioventricular node, along with sensory cells in arteries near the heart, regulates the pacemaker.

medulla oblongata
Systolic pressure
26. Diastolic pressure occurs when the hearts ventricles contract. ___________________________________
REINFORCEMENT AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER 37 BIOLOGY: The Dynamics of Life

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