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You are on page 1of 8

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5054/03

PHYSICS

Paper 3 Practical Test

October/November 2003

2 hours

Additional Materials:

Follow the instructions on the front cover of the Answer Booklet.

Write your answers in the spaces provided in the Answer Booklet.

Answer all questions.

For each of the questions in Section A, you will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of

20 minutes. For the question in Section B, you will be allowed to work with the apparatus for a maximum of

1 hour.

You are expected to record all your observations as soon as these observations are made.

An account of the method of carrying out the experiment is not required.

At the end of the examination, hand in only the Answer Booklet.

This document consists of 5 printed pages, 3 blank pages and an inserted Answer Booklet.

MML 5476 3/03 S55531

UCLES 2003

UNIVERSITY of CAMBRIDGE

Local Examinations Syndicate

[Turn over

om

.c

s

er

General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

2

Section A

Answer all questions in this section.

In this experiment, you will determine the energy changes of a toy car as it moves down a ramp.

You have been provided with a ramp, a toy car, a half-metre rule, a stopwatch and a set square.

(a) The two lines on the ramp are a distance s of 0.90 m apart. Place the front of the car level

with the line at the top of the ramp. Release the car and determine an average value for the

time t taken for the car to travel to the lower line. Record your measurements and calculations

on page 2 of your Answer Booklet.

(b) Calculate the final speed v of the car as it reaches the lower line on the ramp given that

v=

2s

.

t

(c) Measure the vertical height h through which the car descends as it moves a distance of

0.90 m along the ramp. Draw a diagram to explain how you did this.

(d) Record the mass m of the car, which is given on the card.

(e) Calculate

(i)

the potential energy EP lost by the car as it descends through the height h, given that

EP = mgh,

where g = 9.8 N/kg,

(ii)

the kinetic energy EK gained by the car as it moves through the 0.90 m distance, given

that

EK = 1_2 mv 2.

(f)

5054/03/O/N/03

3

2

In this experiment, you will determine the density of the material from which a metre rule is made.

You have been provided with a metre rule, a knife edge, a 100 g mass and a small rule with mm

graduations.

(a) Balance the metre rule on the knife edge in order to determine the position of the centre of

mass of the rule. On page 3 of your Answer Booklet, record the distance d of the centre of

mass from the 0.0 cm end of the rule.

(b) Set up the apparatus as shown in Fig. 2.1, with the 100 g mass placed close to the 0.0 cm

end of the rule.

100 g

mass

knife

edge

Fig. 2.1

The knife edge should be placed at a point between 0.0 cm and 50.0 cm so that the system

balances. Determine the distances x and y, showing clearly how these were obtained.

(c) Calculate the mass m of the metre rule given that m =

100x

grams.

y

(d) Determine the average width w and the average thickness t of the metre rule. Also record the

length l of the metre rule.

(e) Calculate

(i)

(ii)

5054/03/O/N/03

m

.

V

[Turn over

4

3

In this experiment, you will investigate the frictional force opposing the motion of a block of wood

to which masses have been added.

You have been provided with a block of wood with a hook at one end, a newton-meter and some

50 g masses.

(a) Place a 50 g mass on top of the block of wood. Pull the block horizontally across the bench at

constant speed by means of the newton-meter, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

50 g mass

newton-meter

pull

block of

wood

bench surface

Fig. 3.1

Determine an average value for the force F required to move the block across the bench at

constant speed. Record all your measurements on page 4 of your Answer Booklet.

(b) Record the mass MB of the block, which is given on the card. Also record the total mass MT of

the block with the added mass.

(c) Calculate the total weight W of the block with the added mass given that

W = MTg,

where g = 9.8 N/kg.

(d) Calculate a value for the coefficient of friction between the block and the bench given that

=

F

.

W

(e) It is expected that, when different masses are placed on the block, the value of will remain

constant. Repeat the experiment with two 50 g masses and then with three 50 g masses

placed on the block. Comment on the results that you obtain.

5054/03/O/N/03

5

Section B

In this experiment, you will investigate the power dissipated in a length of resistance wire.

You have been provided with a metre rule to which a length of resistance wire has been attached,

an ammeter, a voltmeter, a switch, a power supply, a fixed resistor and two crocodile clips.

(a) On page 5 of your Answer Booklet, draw a diagram of the circuit that has been set up by the

Supervisor.

(b) Adjust the positions of the crocodile clips on the wire so that a length l of 80.0 cm of

resistance wire is connected in the circuit. Close the switch and record the current I in the

circuit and the potential difference V across the length of wire. Open the switch. Take care not

to touch the fixed resistor because it may be hot.

(c) Calculate the power P dissipated in the wire given that P = IV.

(d) For a range of lengths l of wire, record the current I in the circuit and the corresponding

potential difference V across the wire. Tabulate your results on page 6 of your Answer

Booklet. Include in your table a column for values of P and your results from (b) and (c).

(e) Switch off the circuit.

(f)

Using the grid on page 7 of your Answer Booklet, plot a graph of P/W on the y-axis against

l/cm on the x-axis.

(g) Draw a smooth curve through your points. Find the length lM of wire at which the maximum

power PM is dissipated.

(h) Using the value of the resistance of a one metre length of the wire which is given on the card,

find the resistance corresponding to the length lM of wire.

5054/03/O/N/03

6

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5054/03/O/N/03

7

BLANK PAGE

5054/03/O/N/03

8

BLANK PAGE

5054/03/O/N/03

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