23 views

Uploaded by sabya512

PITOT TUBE

- Interview Questions
- Chapter 6
- EXPERIMENTAL FLUID DYNAMICS: FLOW VISUALIZATION
- CFD
- 241052516-AMCA-500-D-07-Damper-Testing
- Nozzle
- Design & Analysis Tools for Supersonic Inlets
- Lesson 34 - Viscous Flow in Pipes - Head Loss and Moody Chart - Handout Version
- IRJET-V3I5378.pdf
- Example_14.pdf
- Second Paper Published
- b 1 1 4 Inplant Fluid Flow
- ME8
- Chapter 6: Supersonic Aerodynamics
- Bernoulli's Equation PN
- Fyp table
- [Khalid_Aziz]_Petroleum_Reservoir_Simulation(BookSee.org).pdf
- 50508_pref.pdf
- Fluid and Thermal Engineering
- WINSEM2016-17_MEE1004_ETH_4834_04-JAN-2017_RM001_FM_04_1

You are on page 1of 5

kinetic energy of the flow into potential energy. The conversion takes place at the stagnation

point, located at the Pitot tube entrance (see the schematic below). A pressure higher than the

free-stream (i.e. dynamic) pressure results from the kinematic to potential conversion. This

"static" pressure is measured by comparing it to the flow's dynamic pressure with a differential

manometer.

Converting the resulting differential pressure measurement into a fluid velocity depends on the

particular fluid flow regime the Pitot tube is measuring. Specifically, one must determine

whether the fluid regime is incompressible, subsonic compressible, or supersonic.

Incompressible Flow

A flow can be considered incompressible if its velocity is less than 30% of its sonic velocity. For

such a fluid, the Bernoulli equation describes the relationship between the velocity and pressure

along a streamline,

Evaluated at two different points along a streamline, the Bernoulli equation yields,

If z1 = z2 and point 2 is a stagnation point, i.e., v2 = 0, the above equation reduces to,

or more specifically,

For flow velocities greater than 30% of the sonic velocity, the fluid must be treated as

compressible. In compressible flow theory, one must work with the Mach number M, defined as

the ratio of the flow velocity v to the sonic velocity c,

When a Pitot tube is exposed to a subsonic compressible flow (0.3 < M < 1), fluid traveling

along the streamline that ends on the Pitot tube's stagnation point is continuously compressed.

If we assume that the flow decelerated and compressed from the free-stream state isentropically,

the velocity-pressure relationship for the Pitot tube is,

where is the ratio of specific heat at constant pressure to the specific heat at constant volume,

If the free-stream density static is not available, then one can solve for the Mach number of the

flow instead,

where

is the speed of sound (i.e. sonic velocity), R is the gas

constant, and T is the free-stream static temperature.

Supersonic Compressible Flow

For supersonic flow (M > 1), the streamline terminating at the Pitot tube's stagnation point

crosses the bow shock in front of the Pitot tube. Fluid traveling along this streamline is first

decelerated nonisentropically to a subsonic speed and then decelerated isentropically to zero

velocity at the stagnation point.

Note that this formula is valid only for Reynolds numbers R > 400 (using the probe diameter as

the characteristic length). Below that limit, the isentropic assumption breaks down.

- Interview QuestionsUploaded byvarshasdm1987
- Chapter 6Uploaded byJebuz Raskolnikov Valencia Garro
- EXPERIMENTAL FLUID DYNAMICS: FLOW VISUALIZATIONUploaded byFranck Bure
- CFDUploaded byNilesh Todkari
- 241052516-AMCA-500-D-07-Damper-TestingUploaded byMMMOH200
- NozzleUploaded bySushil Goswami
- Design & Analysis Tools for Supersonic InletsUploaded byBettonracing
- Lesson 34 - Viscous Flow in Pipes - Head Loss and Moody Chart - Handout VersionUploaded byshadow91110
- IRJET-V3I5378.pdfUploaded bydhans20051
- Example_14.pdfUploaded byAbdul Ahad
- Second Paper PublishedUploaded bykushvverma2003
- b 1 1 4 Inplant Fluid FlowUploaded byBolívar Amores
- ME8Uploaded byDamodar S Prabhu
- Chapter 6: Supersonic AerodynamicsUploaded byJohn Brennan
- Bernoulli's Equation PNUploaded byafifa
- Fyp tableUploaded byFaiz Zainudin
- [Khalid_Aziz]_Petroleum_Reservoir_Simulation(BookSee.org).pdfUploaded byaxl62
- 50508_pref.pdfUploaded bywearplay
- Fluid and Thermal EngineeringUploaded byVineet K. Mishra
- WINSEM2016-17_MEE1004_ETH_4834_04-JAN-2017_RM001_FM_04_1Uploaded byorion
- KeyUploaded byrajkalamaero
- IRJET-CFD analysis of flow through T-Junction of pipeUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Differential Pr and Flow RelationshipUploaded byMY NAME IS NEERAJ..:):)
- Massa Rotti 1998Uploaded byhassan
- 16BEM0124_VL2018195003016_AST03Uploaded byVIGNESH P
- CFD analysis of flow through T-Junction of pipeUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Heat transferUploaded bymarquitosgarci
- Wave Induced Uplift Forces Acting on Half-buried SubmarineUploaded byAnwar ALkurayshi
- 634 PipesUploaded byAnonymous d5B3G5ai
- hydrodynamic bearingUploaded byNISHANT395

- Sangam Age SocietyUploaded byrahu69
- Insights 22 Essay_CompressedUploaded bysabya512
- Geography DictionaryUploaded byअजय प्रताप सिंह
- Tribes of India-quick Revision TableUploaded bysabya512
- Recreating Excellence Book_1Uploaded bysabya512
- Environmental EthicsUploaded byAkash Bansal
- Mineral ResourcesUploaded bysabya512
- Second ARC reportUploaded byenigma200687
- CSP 2016 EnglLISHUploaded byKranti Kumar
- lpaaUploaded bysabya512
- 1. Must Read Writing Essay FundaUploaded byShreeRam
- Analysis of Simultaneous Elections - The 'What', 'Why' and 'How'Uploaded bysabya512
- Iucn AssignmentUploaded bysabya512
- Bihar Political MapUploaded bysabya512
- Colour Blind.pdfUploaded bysabya512
- 20-DEC-2014Uploaded bysabya512
- SabyafinalCMIEUploaded bysabya512
- [World History] 500 Mock Questions on Colonization, Decolonization; Revolutions_ French, American, Russian; Unification_ Italy, Germany, World Wars & More » PrintUploaded bysabya512
- 195 TOP Engineering Materials - Mechanical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions and Answers _ MCQs Preparation for Engineering Competitive ExamsUploaded bysabya512
- SSC CGL 2014 Question Paper - Gr8AmbitionZUploaded byRavi Teja
- EconomicsUploaded bysabya512
- 09-JAN-2015Uploaded bysabya512
- RRB CorrigendumUploaded byTaslim_A
- How to Crack Civil Services ExaminationUploaded byVijay Kumar Mantri
- Poem_ This Rain by Sabyasachi SharmaUploaded bysabya512
- Incompressible FlowUploaded bysabya512
- EssayUploaded bysabya512
- Indian HistoryUploaded byPraveenkumar Aepuri
- 223 TOP Industrial Engineering - Mechanical Engineering Multipindustrial McqUploaded bysabya512
- CollectionUploaded bysabya512

- AD-IIUploaded bysaranstar87
- Compressible Flow Presentation Compressible_Flow_Presentation_Chapter7Jane.Chapter7JaneUploaded byAbbas Mohajer
- Dual Degree L 2015Uploaded byanirudh
- M.tech - NIT WarangalUploaded byrudey18
- Lab Manual Mec 3730 Sem 2-13-14Uploaded bySyafiq Kamil
- Integration of Simulation Technology Into the Engineering CurriculumUploaded bykflim
- mechsyllabus karunyaUploaded bybalakalees
- E. Wintenberger and J. E. Shepherd- Model for the Performance of Airbreathing Pulse-Detonation EnginesUploaded byOlmea
- Question Bank GDJP JOEUploaded byJoe Kamal Raj
- M.E Aero (FT & PT) SyallbusUploaded byVinoth Raj Arumugam
- CFD Boundary ConditionsUploaded byMartinus Bagus Wicaksono
- Flare Calc Sheet API RP 521Uploaded byClarence AG Yue
- Compressor Station Optimization Using Simulation-Based OptimizationUploaded byAmbrish Singh
- A Study of Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws with Stiff Source TermsUploaded bylopsho_pedunj
- 18631146 AeronauticsUploaded byernestozag
- Transonic report DEN 302Uploaded byget_moin
- ISA - 75.01.01.2012 - Flow Capacity - Sizing Equations for Fluid FlowUploaded byCarlos Ramos
- Thermal EngineeringUploaded bykameshvv
- Nitc Mechanical Btech Syllabus and CurriculumUploaded bypikasoc1
- SYLLABUS- M TECH Mechanical_Engineering- JNUUploaded byVinayak Ghatage
- Chap01 LectureUploaded byEdwin Okoampa Boadu
- tmg-f_92Uploaded byΈνκινουαν Κόγκ Αδάμου
- Dr. Md. Quamrul Islam, Sir’s Class Notes (05 Batch) QISUploaded byFaisal Saif
- Me 6604 GdjpUploaded byhariharansns
- Introduction to Gas DynamicsUploaded byAswin Varghese Tharakan
- Finite Volume Methods for Hyperbolic Problems Randall J LevequeUploaded bykrpar
- OpenFoam SolversUploaded by문정은
- Aeronauticalengg 2004Uploaded byAbdullah Sindhu
- KCT-Regulation 2013-B.E Aeronautical SyllabusUploaded byVigneshSankar
- Gas Dynamics 1, Syllabus Second Semster 92-93Uploaded byMohammad Ali Akhtardanesh