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From: Please Understand Me, David Keirsey & Marilyn Bates, Prometheus Nemesis Book Company.

Del Mar, CA 1978154

The Keirsey Temperament Sorter


1. At a party do you
a. Interact with many,
including strangers
b. Interact with a few,
known to you
2. Are you more
a. Realistic than
speculative
b. Speculative than
realistic
3. Is it worse to
a. Have your head in the
clouds
b. Be in a rut
4. Are you more impressed by
a. Principles
b. Emotions
5. Are you more drawn toward the
a. Convincing
b. Touching
6. Do you prefer to work
a. To deadlines
b. Just whenever

7. Do you tend to choose


a. Rather carefully
b. Somewhat impulsively

13. Are you more


a. Punctual
b. Leisurely

8. At parties do you
a. Stay late, with
increasing energy
b. Leave early, with
decreased energy

14. Does it bother you more having


things
a. Incomplete
b. Completed

9. Are you more attracted to


a. Sensible people
b. Imaginative people
10. Are you more interested in
a. What is actual
b. What is possible
11. In judging others are you more
swayed by
a. Laws than
circumstances
b. Circumstances than laws
12. In approaching other is your
inclination to be somewhat
a. Objective
b. Personal

15. In your social groups do you


a. Keep abreast of others
happenings
b. Get behind on the news
16. In doing ordinary things are you
more likely to
a. Do it the usual way
b. Do it the unusual way
17. Writers should
a. say what they mean an
mean what they say
b. Express things more by
use of analogy

18. Which appeals to you more


a. Consistency of thought
b. Harmonious human
relationships
19. Are you more comfortable in
making
a. Logical judgment
b. Value judgments
20. Do you want things
a. Settled and decided
b. Unsettled an undecided
21. Would you say you are more
a. Serious and determined
b. Easy-going
22. In phoning do you
a. Rarely question that it
will all be said
b. Rehearse what youll
say
23. Facts
a. Speak for themselves
b. Illustrate principles
24. Are visionaries
a. Somewhat annoying
b. Rather fascinating

25. Are you more often


a. A cool-headed person
b. A warm-headed person
26. Is it worse to be
a. Unjust
b. Merciless
27. Should one usually let events
occur
a. By careful selection and
choice
b. Randomly and by
chance
28. Do you feel better about
a. Having purchased
b. Having the option to buy
29. In company do you
a. Initiate conversation
b. Wait to be approached
30. Common sense is
a. Rarely questionable
b. Frequenlty questionable

31. Children often do not


a. Make themselves useful
enough
b. Exercise their fantasy
enough
32. In making decisions do you feel
more comfortable with
a. Standards
b. Feelings
33. Are you more
a. Firm than gentle
b. Gentle than firm
34. Which is more admirable:
a. The ability to organize
and be methodical
b. The ability to adapt and
make do
35. Do you put more value on the
a. Definite
b. Open-ended
36. Does new and non-routine
interaction with others
a. Stimulate and energize
you
b. Tax your reserves

37. Are you more frequently


a. A practical sort or
person
b. A fanciful sort of person
38. Are you more likely to
a. See how others are
useful
b. See how others see
39. Which is more satisfying:
a. To discuss an issue
thoroughly
b. To arrive at agreement
on an issue
40. Which rules you more:
a. Your head
b. Your heart
41. Are you more comfortable with
work that is
a. Contracted
b. Done on a casual basis
42. Do you tend to look for
a. The orderly
b. Whatever turns up

43. Do you prefer


a. Many friends with brief
contact
b. A few friends with more
lengthy contact

49. Are you more comfortable


a. After a decision
b. Before a decision

44. Do you go more by


a. Facts
b. Principles

50. Do you
a. Speak easily and at
length with strangers
b. Find little to say to
strangers

45. Are you more interested in


a. Production and
distribution
b. Design and research

51. Are you more likely to trust


a. Experience
b. Hunch

46. Which is more of a compliment:


a. There is a very logical
person
b. There is a very
sentimental person

52. Do you feel


a. More practical than
ingenious
b. More ingenious than
practical

47. Do you value in yourself more


that you are
a. Unwavering
b. Devoted

53. Which person is more to be


complimented: one of
a. Clear reason
b. Strong Feeling

48. Do you more often prefer the


a. Final an unalterable
statement
b. Tentative and
preliminary statement

54. Are you inclined more to be


a. Fair-minded
b. Sympathetic

55. Is it preferable mostly to


a. Make sure things are
arranged
b. Just let things happen
56. In relationships should most
things be
a. Renegotiable
b. Random and
circumstantial
57. When the phone rings do you
a. Hasten to get to it first
b. Hope someone else will
answer
58. Do you prize more in yourself
a. A strong sense of reality
b. A vivid imagination
59. Are you drawn more to
a. Fundamental
b. Overtones

62. Which situation appeals to you


more:
a. The structured and
scheduled
b. The unstructured and
unscheduled
63. Are you a person that is more
a. Routine than whimsical
b. Whimsical than routine
64. Are you more inclined to be
a. Easy to approach
b. Somewhat reserved
65. In writings do you prefer
a. The more literal
b. The more figurative
66. Is it harder for you to
a. Identify with others
b. Utilize others

60. Which seems the greater error:


a. To be too passionate
b. To be too objective

67. Which do you wish more for


yourself:
a. Clarity of reason
b. Strength of compassion

61. Do you see yourself as basically


a. Hard-headed
b. Sort-hearted

68. Which is the greater fault:


a. Being indiscriminate

b. Being critical
69. Do you prefer the
a. Planned event
b. Unplanned event
70. Do you tend to be more
a. Deliberate than
spontaneous
b. Spontaneous than
deliberate

Answer Sheet

Enter a check for each answer in the column for a or b. Then add up the numbers in each
colum
a

10

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J P
Directions for Scoring
1. Add down so that the total number of a answers is written in the box at the bottom of each column
(see next page fore illustration). Do the same for the b answers you have checked. Each of the 14 boxes
should have a number in it.
2. Transfer the number in box No. 1 of the answer sheet to box No. 1 below the answer sheet. Do this for
box No. 2 as well. Note, however, that you have two numbers for boxes 3 through 8. Bring down the first
number for each box beneath the second, as indicated by the arrows. Now add all the pairs of numbers and
enter the total in the boxes below the answer sheet, so each box has only one number.
3. Now you have four pairs of numbers. Circle the letter below the larger number of each pair (see answer
sheet below for illustration). If the two numbers of any pair are equal, then circle neither, but put a large X
below them and circle it.

Report Form for the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator


The MTNI reports your preferences on four scales. There are two opposite preferences on each scale. The four scales deal with where you like to
focus your attention (E or I), the way you like to look at things (S or N), the way you like to go about deciding things (T or F), and how you deal
with the outer world (J or P). Short descriptions of each scale are below.

You prefer to focus on the outer world of people and things or

You prefer to focus on the inner world of ideas & impressions

You tend to focus on the present and on concrete information


gained from your senses

You tend to focus on the future, with a view toward patterns &
possibilities

You tend to base your decisions on logic & on objective


analysis of cause and effect

You tend to base your decisions primarily on values & on


subjective evaluation of person-centered concerns

You like a planned & organized approach to life & prefer to


Have things settled

You like a flexible & spontaneous approach to life & prefer to


keep your options open.

REPORTED TYPE

Write the circled letters in the four boxes.

PREFERENCE SCORES

Indicate the number you scored for each letter.

You have now identified your type. It should be one of the following:
INFP
ENFP
INFJ
ENFJ

ISFP
ESFP
ISFJ
ESFJ

INTP
ENTP
INTJ
ENTJ

ISTP
ESTP
ISTJ
ESTJ

If you have an X in your type, yours is a mixed type. An X can show up in any of the four pairs: E or I, S or N, T or F and J or P.
Hence there are 32 mixed types beside the 16 listed above.
XNTP
XNTJ
XNFP
XNFJ
XSTP
XSTJ
XSFP
XSFJ

EXTP
EXTJ
EXFP
EXFJ
IXTP
IXTJ
IXFP
IXFJ

ENXP
INXP
ENXJ
INXJ
ESXP
ISXP
ESXJ
ISXJ

ENTX
INTX
ENFX
INFX
ESTX
ISTX
ESFX
ISFX

Having identified type, the task now is to read the type description and to decide how well or how poorly the description fits. You will find a description or
portrait of you type on the page indicated in the table of contents. If you have an X in your type, yours is a combination of two types. If, for example, the E and
I scores are equal and the type is, say, XSFJ, then you would read both ISFJ and ISFJ portraits and decide for yourself which parts of each description are
applicable.
One may also profit from reading the portrait of ones opposite to see how things are on the other side. (How one proceeds after reading ones own type
portrait depends largely upon temperament. Some of the types will read several other portraits before returning to the text, while other will return immediately to
the text. Some may never read all sixteen of the type descriptions.) As will be shown, the typology is useful if an observer can distinguish between four types of
temperament. It is not at all necessary to make these finer distinctions. However, such differences can become useful after long study.

Characteristics frequently associated with each type


Sensing Types

Intuitive Types
ISFJ
Quiet, friendly, responsible, and
conscientious. Work devotedly to meet their
obligation. Lend stability to any project or
group. Thorough, painstaking, accurate.
Their interests are usually not technical. Can
be patient with necessary details. Loyal,
considerate, perceptive, concerned with how
other people feel.

INFJ
Succeed by perseverance, originality, and desire
to do whatever is needed or wanted. Put their
best efforts in to their work. Quietly forceful,
conscientious, concerned for other. Respected
for their firm principles. Likely to be honored
and followed for their clear convictions as to
how best to serve the common good.

INTJ
Usually have original minds and great drive for
their own ideas and purposes. In fields that
appeal to them, they have a fine power to
organize a job and carry it through with or
without help. Skeptical, critical, independent,
determined, sometimes stubborn. Must learn to
yield less important points in order to win the
most important.

ISTP
Cool onlookersquiet, reserved, observing
and analyzing life with detached curiosity
and unexpected flashed of original humor.
Usually interested in cause and effect, how
and why mechanical things work, and in
organizing facts using logical principles.

ISFP
Retiring, quietly friendly, sensitive, king
modest about their abilities. Shun
disagreements; do not force their opinions or
values on other. Usually do not care to lead
but are often loyal followers. Often relaxed
about getting things done, because they can
enjoy the present moment and do not want to
spoil it by undue haste or exertion.

INFP

INTP

Full of enthusiasms and loyalties, but seldom talk


of theses until they know you well. Care about
learning, ideas, language, and independent
projects of their own. Tend to undertake too
much, then somehow, get it done. Friendly, but
often too absorbed in what they are doing to be
sociable. Little concerned with possession or
physical surroundings.

Quiet and reserved. Especially enjoy theoretical


or scientific pursuits. Like solving problems
with logic and analysis. Usually interested
mainly in ideas, with little liking for parties or
small talk. Tend to have sharply defined
interests. Need careers where some strong
interest can be used and useful.

ESFP
Outgoing, easygoing, accepting, friendly,
enjoy everything and make things more fun
for other by their enjoyment. Like sports and
making things happen. Know whats going on
and join in eagerly. Find remembering facts
easier than mastering theories. Are best in
situations that need sound common sense and
practical ability with people as well as things.

ENFP
Warmly enthusiastic, high-spirited, ingenious,
imaginative. Able to do almost anything that
interests them. Quick with a solution for any
difficulty and ready to help anyone with a
problem. Often rely on their ability to improvise
instead of preparing in advance. Can usually
find compelling reasons for whatever they want.

ENTP
Quick, ingenious, good at many things.
Stimulating company, alertly and outspoken.
May argue for fun on either side of a questions.
Resourceful in solving new and challenging
problems, but may neglect routine assignments.
Apt to turn to one new interest after another.
Skillful in finding logical reasons for what they
want.

ESFJ
Warm-hearted, talkative, popular,
conscientious, born cooperator, active
committee member. Need harmony and may
be good at creating it. Always doing
something nice for someone. Work best with
encouragement and praise. Main interest is
in things that directly and visibly affect
peoples lives.

ENFJ
Responsive and responsible. Generally feel real
concern for what other think or want, and try to
handle things with due regard for the other
persons feelings. Can present a proposal or lead
a group discussion with ease and tact. Sociable,
popular, sympathetic. Responsive to praise and
criticism.

ENTJ
Hearty, frank decisive, leader in activities.
Usually good in anything that requires reasoning
and intelligent talk, such as public speaking.
Are usually well informed and enjoy adding to
their fund of knowledge. May sometimes
appear more positive and confident than their
experience in an area warrants.

ESTP
Good at on-the-spot problem solving. Do
not worry, enjoy whatever comes along.
Tend to like mechanical things and sports,
with friends on the side. Adaptable,
tolerant, generally conservative in values.
Dislike long explanation. Are best with
real things tat can be worked, handled,
taken apart, or put together.
ESTJ
Practical, realistic, matter-of-fact, with a
natural head for business or mechanics. Not
interested in subjects they see no use for, but
can apply themselves when necessary. Like
to organize and fun activities. May make
good administrators, especially if they
remember to consider others feelings and
points of view.

Introverts

Introverts
Extroverts
Extraverts

ISTJ
Serious, quiet, earn success by
concentration and thoroughness. Practical,
orderly, matter-of-fact, logical, realistic, and
dependable. See to it tat everything is well
organized. Take responsibility. Make up
their own minds as to what should be
accomplished and work toward it steadily,
regardless of protests or distractions.