You are on page 1of 13

PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor

May 14-16, 2007


Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 1
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Introduction to Plaxis
presented by:
GOUW Tjie-Liong, Ir., M.Eng, ChFC
Senior Geotechnical Consultant
Email: gouw2007@gmail.com
Source of Lecture Notes:
PLAXIS BV
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
General Modelling Aspects
Defining a project:
Define geometry
Generate mesh
Define initial conditions
Define calculation phases
Calculate
Inspect results
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 2
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
The geometry is the representation of the
physical problem
Consists of points, lines and clusters
Definition of soil layers, structural elements
and loads
General Modelling Aspects
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
General Modelling Aspects
Points
Start and end of lines.
Positioning of anchors
Point forces,
Point fixities
Local refinements of the finite
element mesh.
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 3
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
General Modelling Aspects
Lines
Define the physical boundaries of the
geometry
Define discontinuities in the geometry:
Sheet pile walls, distributed loads
Separations of distinct soil layers or
construction stages.
A line can have several functions or
properties
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
General Modelling Aspects
Clusters
Automatically generated enclosed areas
Homogeneous soil properties.
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 4
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

(a) 6- noded triangle (b) 15- noded triangle
stress points
nodes
General Modelling Aspects
Mesh
6-noded or 15-noded triangular elements
Displacements calculated in nodes
Stresses calculated in Gaussian integration points
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Input Program
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 5
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
INPUT
Composing a geometry model
Creating and assigning data sets
Generating a finite element mesh
Generating initial conditions
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Composing a Geometry Model
Graphical input of geometry contour, soil- layers, construction stages,
plates, geogrids, interfaces, anchors
Designer for circular or non-circular tunnels
Input of loads and boundary conditions
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 6
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Geometry lines (between soil layers, etc.)
Plates (Walls, Plates & Shells)
Hinges (free rotation between beams)
Geogrids
Interface elements (soil-structure interaction)
Anchors (node-to-node, fixed end)
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Creating and Assigning Material Data Sets
Enter model parameters as data sets in a material data base
Assigning data sets to geometry components by means of
drag and drop
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 7
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Generating a Finite Element Mesh
Fully automatic mesh generation based on
geometry model
Global and local refinement options
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Generating Initial Conditions
Generating initial pore pressures by means of phreatic line
or groundwater flow calculation
Flip switch - gives:
Initial stresses and geometry mode
Setting initial geometry configuration
Generating initial stresses (K
0
procedure)
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 8
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Calculation Program
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Defining Calculation Phases
Plastic calculation, Consolidation, Phi/c reduction and
Dynamic analysis.
Updated mesh.
Loading input: Multipliers or Staged Construction.
Changing water conditions
Multiple calculation phases can be pre-defined and
executed at once.
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 9
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Output Program
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
View Results
Graphical and tabulated output of displacements,
stresses and structural forces
Output in cross sections
Multiple output windows can be opened
simultaneously (comparison of results)
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 10
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
First Exercise
Resume of input steps
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

Input Geometry
Draw Geometry
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 11
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
Input Boundary Conditions
Default fixities

PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

Input Loads
Point force A & B
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 12
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

Input Material Properties


General properties, model parameters
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

Mesh Generation
Full automatic mesh generator
PLAXIS Standard Course Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - Johor
May 14-16, 2007
Presented by GOUW Tjie Liong
gouw@gmail.com 13
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L

Initial Conditions
Water pressures, Initial stresses
PLAXIS FINITEELEMENTCODEFORSOILANDROCKANALYSES
G
T
L
See course manual