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ADM1

SDH ADDDROP MULTIPLEXER

User manual

Volume 1/1
MN.00114.E 004

The information contained in this handbook is subject to change without notice.


Property of Siae Microelettronica S.p.A. All rights reserved according to the law and according to the international regulations. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic or mechanical, without written permission from Siae Microelettronica S.p.A.
Unless otherwise specified, reference to a Company, name, data and address produced on the screen
displayed is purely indicative aiming at illustrating the use of the product.
Microsoft, MSDOS, Windows, Windows NT and Windows 95 are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Hewlett Packard, HP, HP OpenView Windows, Vectra and HPUX are Hewlett Packard Company registered trademarks.
OSF Motif is an Open Software Foundation registered trademark.
UNIX is a Unix Systems Laboratories registered trademark.
INGRES is a Computer Associates registered trademark.
Other products cited here in are constructor registered trademarks.

Contents

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1
1

1.

WARNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2.

FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES . .

2.1

FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


2.1.1
Artificial respiration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2
Treatment of burns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
5
5

2.2

SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1

PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.2

AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.3

STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10

3.

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description and specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.

13
13

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

4.1

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

4.2

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Contents

5.

6.

7.

II

SYSTEM PRESENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

5.1

OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

5.2

APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

5.3

MAIN FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.1
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.2
Configuration options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.3
Aggregate interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.4
Tributary interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.5
Equipment capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.6
Crossconnections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.7
Protection schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.8
Monitoring and control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3.9
Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21
21
22
28
28
29
29
29
32
33

EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

6.1

STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35

6.2

FRAME CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36

6.3

STM1 ELECTRICAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

36

6.4

STM1/STM4 OPTICAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

37

6.5

2 Mbit/s INTERFACE (E1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

37

6.6

10/100/1000 Mbit/s ETHERNET INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

38

6.7

34/45 Mbit/s INTERFACE (T3, E3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

41

6.8

64 kbit/s CONTRADIRECTIONAL V.11 INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . .

41

6.9

ALARM INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

6.10 NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTERFACE (NMI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

42

6.11 POWER SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

43

6.12 MECHANICAL STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

6.13 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

7.1

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45

7.2

UNPROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2.1
4RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2.2
2RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2.3
1RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45
45
46
47

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Inhaltsverzeichnis

7.3

EQUIPMENT PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


7.3.1
4RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3.2
2RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3.3
1RU version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.4

NETWORK PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


49
7.4.1
2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH
rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49

7.5

REDUNDANCY OF TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS . . . . . . . . . .

51

7.6

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.1
LIU (Line Interface Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.2
SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.3
MCU (Main Control Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.4
SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Control Unit) . . . . . .
7.6.5
TIU (Tributary Interface Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6.6
PSU (Power Supply Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

55
55
55
55
56
56
56

7.7

UNIT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.2
SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.3
2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.4
155 Mbit/s (STM1) tributary interface unit . . . . . . . .
7.7.5
34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.6
Ethernet tributary unit interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.7
MCU (Main Controller Unit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.8
Power supply unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.9
Management Interface Unit (MIU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7.10 SMCU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61
62
65
65
68
70
73
75
76
77

7.8

EQUIPMENT FACILITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.2
Alarm indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.8.3
User in/Alarm out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

82
83
83

7.9

EQUIPMENT SYNCHRONISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

83

7.10 SDH OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

95

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.

47
47
48
48

105
105

EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107

8.1

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107

8.2

MECHANICAL INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107

8.3

ELECTRICAL WIRING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

III

Contents

9.

USER CONNECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

109

9.1

GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

109

9.2

AVAILABLE CONNECTORS AND THEIR USE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

109

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lineup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

127
127

10. EQUIPMENT LINEUP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

129

10.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

129

10.2 EQUIPMENT SWITCHON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

129

10.3 1+0 TERMINAL MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY


TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

129

10.4 1+1 OR DROPINSERT MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY


TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
10.5 LASER FUNCTIONALITY TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.5.1 Switchon procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.5.2 Automatic laser shutdown check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

IV

132
132
132

137
137

11. MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139

11.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

139

12. UNIT REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

141

12.1 UNIT REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

141

13. ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143

13.1 LIST AND USE OF ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Inhaltsverzeichnis

14. TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

145

14.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

145

14.2 FAULT LOCATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

145

15. PROCEDURES TO BACKUP THE FULL EQUIPMENT


CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

151

15.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

151

15.2 CONFIGURATION UPLOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

151

15.3 CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

152

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programming and supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153
153

16. EQUIPMENT PROGRAMMING AND SUPERVISION . . . . . . . . . . .

155

16.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

155

Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

157
157

17. EQUIPMENT COMPOSITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

159

17.1 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

159

17.2 ADM1 4RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


17.2.1 ADM1 4RU version configuration list . . . . . . . . . . .

159
160

17.3 ADM1 2RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


17.3.1 ADM1 2RU version configuration list . . . . . . . . . . .

165
166

17.4 ADM1 1RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


17.4.1 ADM1 1RU version configuration list . . . . . . . . . . .

167
168

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Contents

VI

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

User guide

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

WARNING

The equipment described conforms to the European Directive 1989/336/EEC provided that the
equipment installation is performed according to the procedures attached in the present manual.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

2.

2.1

FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL


SHOCK AND SAFETY RULES

FIRST AID FOR ELECTRICAL SHOCK

Do not touch the patient with bare hands until the circuit has been opened. pen the circuit
by switching off the line switches. If that is not possible protect yourself with dry material and
free the patient from the conductor.

2.1.1

Artificial respiration

It is important to start mouth resuscitation at once and to call a doctor immediately. suggested
procedure for mouth to mouth resuscitation method is described in the Tab. 2.1.

2.1.2

Treatment of burns

This treatment should be used after the patient has regained consciousness. It can also be
employed while artificial respiration is being applied (in this case there should be at least two
persons present).
Warning

Do not attempt to remove clothing from burnt sections

Apply dry gauze on the burns

Do not apply ointments or other oily substances.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Tab. 2.1
Step

Description

Lay the patient on his back with his arms parallel to the body. If the
patient is laying on an inclined plane, make sure that his stomach
is slightly lower than his chest. Open the patients mouth and
check that there is no foreign matter in mouth (dentures, chewing
gum, etc.).

Kneel beside the patient level with his head. Put an hand under
the patients head and one under his neck.

Figure

Lift the patients head and let it recline backwards as far as


possible.

Shift the hand from the patients neck to his chin and his mouth,
the index along his jawbone, and keep the other fingers closed together. While performing these operations take a good supply of
oxygen by taking deep breaths with your mouth open.

With your thumb between the patients chin and mouth keep his
lips together and blow into his nasal cavities

While performing these operations observe if the patients chest


rises. If not it is possible that his nose is blocked: in that case open
the patients mouth as much as possible by pressing on his chin
with your hand, place your lips around his mouth and blow into his
oral cavity. Observe if the patients chest heaves. This second
method can be used instead of the first even when the patients
nose is not obstructed, provided his nose is kept closed by pressing the nostrils together using the hand you were holding his
head with. The patients head must be kept sloping backwards as
much as possible.

Start with ten rapid expirations, hence continue at a rate of twelve/


fifteen expirations per minute. Go on like this until the patient has
regained consciousness, or until a doctor has ascertained his
death.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

2.2

SAFETY RULES

When the equipment units are provided with the plate, shown in Fig. 2.1, it means that they
contain components electrostatic charge sensitive.

Fig. 2.1

In order to prevent the units from being damaged while handling, it is advisable to wear an
elasticised band (Fig. 2.2) around the wrist ground connected through coiled cord (Fig. 2.3).

Band

Elasticized

Fig. 2.2

Fig. 2.3

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

The units showing the label, shown in Fig. 2.4, include laser diodes and the emitted power can
be dangerous for eyes; avoid exposure in the direction of optical signal emission.

LASER

Fig. 2.4

Attention: Remove the power supply cable before unscrewing and extracting the AC/DC unit
(C36087).

Attention: In case of power supply unit C36050 dont touch the beryllium paste on it.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

PURPOSE AND STRUCTURE OF THE

MANUAL

3.

3.1

PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL

The purpose of this manual consists in providing the user with information which permit to
operate and maintain the ADM1 equipment.
Warning: This manual does not include information relevant to the SCT/LCT management
program windows and relevant application. They will be provided by the program itself as
helpon line.

3.2

AUDIENCE BASIC KNOWLEDGE

The following knowledge and skills are required to operate the equipment:

a basic understanding of SDH transmission

installation and maintenance experience on digital system

a good knowledge of IP/OSI networks and routing policy.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

3.3

STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL

The manual is subdivided into sections each of them developing a specific topic entitling the
section.
Each section consists of a set of chapters, enlarging the main subject master.

Section 1 User Guide


It provides the information about the main safety rules and expounds the purpose and the
structure of the manual.

Section 2 Description and specifications


It traces the broad line of equipment operation and lists the main technical characteristics.
List of abbreviation meaning is also supplied.

Section 3 Installation
The mechanical installation procedures are herein set down as well as the user electrical
connections.
The content of the tool kit (if supplied) is also listed.

Section 4 LineUp
Lineup procedures are described as well as checks to be carried out for the equipment correct
operation. The list of the instruments to be used and their characteristics are also set down.

Section 5 Maintenance
The routine maintenance actions are described as well as fault location procedures in order to
identify the faulty unit and to reestablish the operation after its replacement with a spare one.

10

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Section 6 Programming and supervision


The section supplies the list of programs that may manage the equipment.
The relevant program description is supplied separately as paper form (under specific customer
request) or as help online.

Section 7 Composition
Position, part numbers of the components the equipment consist of, are shown in this section.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

11

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

12

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Description and
specifications

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

13

1.

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ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

4.

4.1

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

GENERAL

What follows is the list of abbreviations used in this manual.

4.2

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

ADM

AddDrop Multiplexer

AIS

Alarm indicating signal

ALS

Automatic laser shutdown

ANSI

American national standards institute

AU

Administrative unit

BER

Bit error rate

BIP

Bit interleaved parity

DCC

Data communication channel

EMI/EMC

Electromagnetic interference/Electromagnetic compatibility

EOW

Engineering order wire

ETSI

European telecommunication standards institute

FPGA

Field programmable gate array

HPA

High order path adaptation

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HPT

High order path termination

IP

Internet protocol

ITU

International telecommunication union

LAN

Local area network

LCT

Local craft terminal

LIU

Line interface unit

LPDA

Link access procedure on D channel

LCT

Local craft terminal

LLC

Logical link control

LOF

Loss of frame

LOP

Loss of pointer

LPA

Low order path adaptation

LPC

Low order connection

LPT

Low order path termination

LTI

Loss of timing input

MAC

Media access control

MCU

Main controller unit

MIB

Management information base

MIU

Management interface unit

MLM

Multilongitudinal mode

MSA

Multiplex section adaptation

MSOH

Multiplex section overhead

MSP

Multiplex section protection

MSSPRing

Multiplex section Shared protection ring

MST

Multiplex section termination

NE

Network element

NMS

Network management system

O&M

Operation & maintenance

OSI

Open system interconnect

PDH

Plesiochronous digital hierarchy

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PM

Performance monitoring

POH

Path overhead

PPI

Plesiochronous physical interface

PPP

Point to point protocol

PRC

Primary reference clock

PSU

Power supply unit

QL

Quality level

RAI

Remote alarm indicator

RDI

Remote defect indicator

REI

Remote error indicator

RSOH

Regenerator section overhead

RST

Regeneration section termination

SCT

Subnetwork craft terminal

SDH

Synchronous digital hierarchy

SEC

Synchronous equipment clock

SETG

Synchronous equipment timing generator

SETS

Synchronous equipment timing source

SMCU

SDH multiplexing and main controller unit

SMU

SDH multiplexing unit

SNCP

Subnetwork connection protection

SNMP

Simple network management protocol

SPI

Synchronous physical interface

SSM

Synchronous status messaging

SSUL

Synchronisation supply unit local

SSUT

Synchronisation supply unit transit

STM

Synchronous transport module

TCP

Transport control protocol

TIU

Tributary interface unit

TSU

Tributary switch unit

TUG

Tributary unit group

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UDP

User datagram protocol

VC

Virtual container

WTR

Wait to restore

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ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

5.

5.1

SYSTEM PRESENTATION

OVERVIEW

The modern transmission system based on SDH hierarchy permits to makeup network and
subnetwork flexible and expanded where signals pass through at different rates with high
reliability. Network elements as line multiplexers (LTM), regenerators, adddrop multiplexers
(ADM), synchronous cross connect (SDXC) make part of the network and assure:

high flexibility

simplified maintenance

inservice test

centralized management.

SIAE ADM1 family is SIAEs new generation of STM1/STM4 add drop multiplexers. Owing
to its flexibility and compactness, SIAE ADM equipment represents the ideal solution for
operators in search of a versatile multiservice provisioning platform for access and
metropolitan SDH networks.
SIAE ADM1 family belongs to the latest generation of SIAE SDH add drop multiplexers and
includes:

4RU (4 rack units) conceived to support STM1/STM4 aggregate interfaces with fully
protected configurations and high AddDrop capacity.

2RU (2 rack units) designed to support STM1/STM4 aggregate interfaces in


unprotected SDH rings.

1RU (1 rack unit) conceived to support STM1 aggregate interfaces for Customer
Premises applications.

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5.2

APPLICATIONS

The ADM1 finds its application both in the access network and in the transport network.
The ADM1 can be used stand alone, or in conjunction with the SIAE SDH digital radio systems,
to implement an SDH access or Metro Ring network as shown in Fig. 5.1.
This network provides transport of 2 Mbit/s, 34/45 Mbit/s Ethernet, IP packets, allowing the
elimination of all the intermediate multiplexing stages.
When used in conjunction with the other SIAE 2 Mbit/s Multiplexers the ADM1 meets the
demand of the customers for a wide variety of services (speech, ISDN, leased lines, fax) and
bandwidth.
Moreover the ring structure provides path protection and high availability performance.

L2
ADM 1
ADM 1

PSTN
PSTN

ADM 1

ADM 1

STM4 Access

Ring

STM4 Metro Ring


ADM 1

ADM 1
ADM 1

ADM 1

ADM 1
ADM 1
1C
ADM1C
ADM1

STM1 Access Ring


ADM 1
1C
ADM 1
1C
ADM 1
1C

ADM 1

Fig. 5.1

20

ADM1 typical applications

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5.3

MAIN FEATURES

5.3.1

General

SIAEs ADM1 family provides a very flexible and modular SDH platform.
In order to offer the best solution for each application in terms of features and price, SIAEs
ADM1 family is available in three different versions.
About this topic, the 4RU represents the most powerful version in terms of multiplexing capacity
and protection schemes. It is able to fulfil any Customer requirement in STM1 and STM4
applications.
Unlike 4RU, the 1RU version has been conceived to provide a costeffective solution mainly
addressed to Customer Premises applications.
The 2RU version is an intermediate solution designed to provide a good compromise between
the previous versions in terms of flexibility and costeffectiveness.
In the following figures are shown the three mechanical layout type:

Fig. 5.2 ADM1 4RU version in protected configuration equipped with 126xE1
interfaces

Fig. 5.3 ADM1 2RU version in unprotected configuration equipped with 63xE1
interfaces

Fig. 5.4 ADM1 1RU version in unprotected configuration equipped with 32xE1
interfaces

Fig. 5.2

ADM1 4RU version

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Fig. 5.3

ADM1 2RU version

Fig. 5.4

ADM1 1RU version

5.3.2

Configuration options

The ADM1 equipment due to the high versatility and modularity can be used for Terminal,
Linear AddDrop or Ring AddDrop applications (as shown in Fig. 5.5, Fig. 5.6 and Fig. 5.7).
The following configurations are supported:
Tab. 5.1
Configurations

Mechanical layout
4RU

2RU

1RU

1+0 terminal multiplexer (see Fig. 5.8)

1+1 double terminal multiplexer (see Fig. 5.9)

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig. 5.9)

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and E1 protection (see


Fig. 5.10)

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection (see
Fig. 5.11)

1+0 dropinsert (see Fig. 5.12)

1+1 dropinsert with line protection (see Fig. 5.13)

1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and E1 protection (see Fig. 5.14)

1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary protection (see Fig. 5.15)

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STM1/4 main
Tributary
interfaces

Fig. 5.5

Tributary
interfaces

STM1/4 standby
(1+1)

ADM1 as terminal multiplexer 1+0 or 1+1

STM1/4 east

STM1/4 west

Tributary
interfaces

Tributary
interfaces

Drop

Insert

Tributary
interfaces

Fig. 5.6

ADM1 as drop/insert

Tributary
interfaces

STM1 or
STM4 ring

Fig. 5.7

ADM1 as ring adddrop

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ADM1 terminal configurations

Block Diagram

TIU

SMU M

Logical Diagram

LIU M

STM n
Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
Ethernet

Tributary
Interfaces

ADM 1

STM n

management
synchronization

Fig. 5.8

1+0 terminal multiplexer

Block Diagram

TIU

SMUM

Logical Diagram

LIUM

STMn

Tributary
Interfaces
LIUM

STMn

Tributaries
E1
E3
STM
1
Ethernet

ADM1
STMn

management
synchronization

Fig. 5.9

24

1+0 double terminal multiplexer and 1+1 terminal multiplexer with line
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Block Diagram

SMU M

TIU

Logical Diagram

LIU M

STM n

Tributary
Interfaces
SMU R

LIU R

STM n

Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
Ethernet

ADM 1
STM n

management
synchronization

Fig. 5.10

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and E1 protections

Block Diagram

TIU

TIU

SMU M

SMU R

Logical Diagram

LIU M

LIU R

STM n

Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
STM n
Ethernet

ADM 1
STM n

TSU

Tributary
Interfaces

Fig. 5.11

management
synchronization

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3,
Ethernet) protections

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Block Diagram
STMn

LIUM

SMUM

Logical Diagram
LIUM

management
synchronization
............

STM n

STMn

STMn

ADM 1

TIU
Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1

Ethernet

Tributary
Interfaces

Fig. 5.12

1+0 dropinsert

Block Diagram
STMn

LIUM

STMn

LIUR

SMUM

Logical Diagram
LIUM

STMn

LIUR

STMn

management
synchronization
..............
STMn

STMn
ADM1

TIU

Tributary
Interfaces

Fig. 5.13

26

Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
Ethernet

1+1 dropinsert with line protection

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Block Diagram
STMn

LIU M

STMn

LIU R

Logical Diagram

SMUM

SMUR

LIU M

STMn

LIU R

STMn

management
synchronization
...............
STMn

STMn
ADM1

TIU
Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
Ethernet

Tributary
Interfaces

Fig. 5.14

1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and E1 tributary protections

Block Diagram
STMn

LIU M

STMn

LIU R

Logical Diagram

SMUM

SMUR

LIU M

STMn

LIU R

STMn

management
synchronization
..................
STMn

STMn
ADM1
1

TIU

TIU
TSU

Tributaries
E1
E3
STM1
Ethernet

Tributary
Interfaces

Fig. 5.15

1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary (STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet)
protections

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5.3.3

Aggregate interface

ADM1 supports electrical and optical SDH interfaces:

electrical STM1 according to ITUT G.703

optical STM1 type I.1, S1.1, L1.1, L1.2 according to ITUT G.957

optical STM4 type I4, S4.1, L4.1, L4.2 according to ITUT G.957 (4RU and 2RU
version only).

5.3.4

Tributary interfaces

The ADM1 enables access to core networks through a broad choice of interfaces:

2048 kbit/s (E1) G.703 unbalanced (75 Ohm) or balanced (120 Ohm);

34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G.703

155 Mbit/s (STM1) electrical G.703

155 Mbit/s (STM1) optical G.957 type I1, S1.1, L1.1, L1.2

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100/1000BaseFx with integrated Layer 2 Ethernet


switch

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseFx + 1x100/1000BaseFx with integrated Layer 2 Ethernet


switch

The equipment can be provided with different tributary units, yielding a very high level of
configurability and modularity. Maximum equipment capacity is indicated in the table below:
Tab. 5.2
Tributary
interface
Interfaces per
tributary unit

E1

STM1

Ethernet

E3/T3

16

Max n. of unit per


apparatus

Max
interfaces
per apparatus

126

63

32

12

12

12

12

Mechanical layout

4RU

2RU

1RU

4RU

2RU

1RU

4RU

2RU

1RU

4RU

2RU

1RU

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5.3.5

Equipment capacity

The features and characteristics related to the different versions are reported in the following
table:
Tab. 5.3
Mechanical layout
4RU

2RU

1RU

Aggregate interfaces

4x STM1 or 4xSTM4

2xSTM1 or 2xSTM4

2xSTM1

Multiplexing capacity

up to 2xSTM1 or
up to 2xSTM4

up to 2xSTM1 or
up to 2xSTM4

up to 2xSTM1

Tributary capacity

up to 2xSTM1 or
up to 2xSTM4

up to 2xSTM1 or
up to 2xSTM4

up to 1xSTM1

5.3.6

Crossconnections

The following crossconnections are available:

higher order, at VC4 path level, for STM4 application

lower order, at VC12 and VC3 path level, for STM1 and STM4 applications.

The types of crossconnections are the following:

aggregate to aggregate

tributary to tributary

aggregate to tributary.

In case of crossconnection between tributaries, they must be compleately configured, that


means they must be enabled with signal label set as asynchronous.

5.3.7

Protection schemes

Different automatic protections are implemented in the equipment in order to meet the following
redundancy requirements:
Network protection

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MSP (Multiplex Section Protection)

SNCP (SubNetwork Connection Protection), on EW aggregate streams

2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection, between PDH and SDH rings.
In case of SIAE PDH/SDH interconnecting rings, protection is given to PDH ring by
embedding the alarms from each framed/unframed 2 Mbit/s signal of the PDH path into
the ADM1 VC12s belonging to the SDH ring.
In case of partially or non completely SIAE PDH/SDH interconnecting rings, PDH
protection is given by inserting between PDH/SDH meeting points two additional
ADM1 which embedded the alarms from the PDH ring, into the STM1 frame. This
latter is then propagated into the SDH ring through a 155 Mbit/s tributary interface.
Fig. 5.16 shows the two different applications.

MSSPRing (MultipleSection Shared Protection Ring), in case of STM4 aggregate


signals.

Equipment protection

1.

30

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit), with SETS and crossconnect functionality inside 1

tributary 1

line

power supply.

Available on 4RU version only

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2 Mbit/s

ADM1
ADM1
ADM1

SDH Ring

2 Mbit/s

using SIAE ADMs

ADM1

PDH

PDH
ADM1
ADM1

PDH Ring

PDH

PDH

2 Mbit/s

2 Mbit/s

PDH

2Mbit/s incoming stream


Monitoring and
alarm forcing on the
POH SDH bytes

2 Mbit/s

ADM

ADM

SDH Ring

155 Mbit/s
2 Mbit/s
ADM1

PDH

PDH

using existing ADMs

ADM

ADM
ADM

PDH Ring
PDH

PDH

2 Mbit/s

2 Mbit/s

Fig. 5.16

ADM1

PDH

PDH ring protection using SIAE equipment

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5.3.8

Monitoring and control

ADM1 allows local and remote management thanks to an embedded SNMP agent. Depending
in network type and customer requirements, ADM equipment can be provided with two types
of protocol stacks: a Full IP stack or an OSI+IP stack. When implementing OSI+IP stacks,
layers 1 to 3 comply with recommendations ITUT Q.811, Q.812 and G.784.
Several software solutions for local and centralized management are available:

LCT (Local Craft Terminal) for maintenance and lineup activities (MS Windows OS)

SCT (Subnetwork Craft Terminal) for centralised management of up to 100 NEs (MS
Windows OS)

NMS5LX (Element Manager) for centralised management of medium networks with


up to 750 NEs per server (Linux OS)

NMS5UX (Element Manager) for centralised management of large networks with up


to 2500 NEs per server (HP Unix OS and HP OpenView platform).

For a detailed description of SIAE supervision software platforms, please refer to the relative
product literature.

Fig. 5.17

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5.3.9

Power supply

ADM1 can be equipped with one or two PSU units, depending on the mechanical arrangement.
One power supply unit may satisfy the equipment complete power requirement, while the two
power supply units are in 1+1 redundance configuration, i.e. within the equipment the output
lines are ORed together.
Input voltage range and power consumption are indicated in the table below.
Tab. 5.4
Mechanical
layout

Input voltage

Input current
(max)

Power consumption
(fully equipped)

4RU

48/60 Vdc; 15 % +20%

1.25 A

50 Watts

2RU

48/60 Vdc; 15% +20%

0.8 A

30 Watts

1RU

24 Vdc; 15% +20%


48/60 Vdc; 15%+20%
90 to 254 Vac, 50/60 Hz

1A
0.5 A
0.4 A

20 Watts

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ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

6.

6.1

EQUIPMENT TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONS

STANDARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

ITUT G.707

Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

ITUT G.782

Types and General Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy


(SDH) Multiplexing Equipment

ITUT G.783

Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment


functional block

ITUT G.784

Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) management

ITUT G.703

Electrical characteristics of 2 Mbit/s, 34 Mbit/s, 155 Mbit/s aggregate


interfaces

ITUT G.826

Characteristics of performance monitoring statistics

ITUT G.957

Optical interfaces for equipment and systems relating to the


synchronous digital hierarchy

ITUT G.958

Digital Line Systems Based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy for


Use on Optical Fibre Cables

ITUT G.823

Jitter characteristics of the digital network

ITUT G.803

Architectures of the Transport Networks Based on the SDH

ITUT G.813

Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC)

ITUT G.825

The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are
based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)

EN 300 1322

Power supply interface at the input of telecommunication equipment

EN 300 1323

Power supply interface at the input of telecommunication equipment

EN 300 019

Environmental conditions and environmental test for


telecommunication equipment

EN 300 119

European telecommunication standard for equipment practice

EN 300 147

Transmission and Multiplexing Synchronous Digital Hierarchy


Multiplexing Structure

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EN 300 386

ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements

ITUT G.742

2 Mbit/s interface transfer function

ITUT G.751

34 Mbit/s interface transfer function

EN 300 4176

Synchronisation

6.2

FRAME CHARACTERISTICS

Speed rate

155.520 Mbit/s (STM1)


622,080 Mbit/s (STM4)

Frame structure

STM1 frame via multiplexing of three TUG3


and/or TU3 in a single AU4
STM4 frame via multiplexing of four AUG4

Crossconnect levels

VC12/VC3 (STM1)
VC4 (STM4)

6.3

STM1 ELECTRICAL INTERFACE

Input side

Bit rate

155520 kbit/s 4.6 ppm

Line code

CMI

Rated impedance

75 ohm

Rated level

1 Vpp 0.1 V

Return loss

15 dB from 8 MHz to 240 MHz

Max attenuation of the input cable

12.7 dB at 78 MHz ( f trend)

Output side

Bit rate

155520 kbit/s 4.6 ppm

Rated level

1 Vpp 0.1 V

Pulse shape

see mask of Figure 24 and 25 of CCITT Rec.


G703

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6.4

STM1/STM4 OPTICAL INTERFACE

The optical interface can be specialized for different applications, by simply equipping the
STM1 (or STM4) optical unit (LIU) with the appropriate pluggable transceiver (with LC optical
connectors). Information about the presence/absence and type of transceiver is transferred to
the main controller. The characteristics of all the possible optical interfaces are summarized in
the following table:
Tab. 6.1
Interface Referen- Launched
ce
power
(dBm)

Minimum
sensitivity
(dBm)

Operating
wavelength

Transceiver

L1.2

0 ... 5

34

14801580

Laser

SingleMode

Up to 80

+2 ... 3

28

0 ...5

34

12631360

Laser

SingleMode

Up to 40

+2 ... 3

28

12801335

8 ...15

28

12631360

Laser

SingleMode

Up to 15

8 ... 15

28

12741356
12631360

LED

MultiMode

Up to 2

G.957

L42
L1.1

G.957

L41
S1.1

G.957

S41
I1

ANSI

14 ...20

28

I4

G.957

8 ...15

23

Fiber

Distance
(km)

LIUs are provided with Automatic Laser Shutdown functionality as prescribed by ITUT G.664
Recommendation.

6.5

2 Mbit/s INTERFACE (E1)

Input side

Bit rate

2048 kbit/s 50 ppm

Line code

HDB3

Rated impedance

75 ohm or 120 ohm

Rated level

2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm

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Return loss

12 dB from 57 kHz to 102 kHz


18 dB from 102 kHz to 2048 kHz
14 dB from 2048 kHz to 3072 kHz

Max attenuation of the input cable

6 dB according to f trend

Accepted jitter

see mask in Table 2, CCITT Rec. G.823

Transfer function

see mask in Figure 1, CCITT Rec. G742

Output jitter

Rec. G.783 (Table 10.1 (4/97))

Output side

Bit rate

2048 kbit/s 50 ppm

Rated impedance

75 Ohm or 120 Ohm

Rated level

2.37 Vp/75 Ohm or 3 Vp/120 Ohm

Pulse shape

see mask in Figure 15, CCITT Rec. G.703

6.6

10/100/1000 Mbit/s ETHERNET INTERFACE

Bit rate

10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s or 1 Gbit/s

WAN throughput

290 Mbit/s max

Frame

GFP

Concatenation

Virtual concatenation: Nx VC12 or Nx VC3

Bridge loop avoidance

Rapid STP

Optical user interface

100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx or 1000BaseLx

Optical connector

LC

Electrical user interface

10BaseT or 100BaseT

Electrical connector

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Switch characteristics

Tab. 6.2
Parameter

Value

Notes

User ports (external)

Two: 10/100 + One: 100/1000

WAN ports (internal)

With a 290 Mbit/s total capacity

Mode

Half/full duplex
Full duplex

For 10/100 eletrical


Fixed for 100/1000 electrical

Address learning capacity

8K

Globally for the switch

MAC aging time

01 hour

15 sec steps software configurable

802.1Q VLANs

Up to 4095

Software configurable

Port based VLAN

Yes/Not

Software configurable

Packet buffer memory

1 Mbit

Globally for the switch

Max frame size

1632 Bytes

Software configurable between standard or extended

Ethernet output queue

Fixed

Weight queues

Strictly/weighted

Software configurable

QoS

None/802.1p/TOSDSCP

Software configurable

Layer 2 flow control

Yes/Not

Software configurable

MDI/MDX (electrical)

Yes/Not

Software configurable

100BaseFx optical interface characteristics

Fiber type

Multimode 50/125 m or 62.5/125 m

Transceiver type

Pluggable

Connector type

LC

Operating distance

up to 2 km

Optical center wavelength

1310 nm

Optical transmit power

14 22 dBm

Receive sensitivity

29 dBm

Average receive power max

14 dBm

Link power budget

7 dB

Compliance

100BaseFx as for IEEE 802.3

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

39

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TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1000BaseSx optical interface characteristics

Fiber type

Multimode 50/125 m or 62.5/125 m

Transceiver type

Pluggable

Connector type

LC

Operating distance

up to 550 m (50/125 m) or up to 300 m (62.5/125


m)

Optical center wavelength

850 nm

Optical transmit power

2 9.5 dBm

Receive sensitivity

17 dBm

Average receive power max

0 dBm

Link power budget

7.5 dB

Compliance

1000BaseSx as for IEEE 802.3z

1000BaseLx optical interface characteristics

Fiber type

Singlemode 9/125 m

Transceiver type

Pluggable

Connector type

LC

Operating distance

up to 10 km

Optical center wavelength

1310 nm

Optical transmit power

3 9.5 dBm

Receive sensitivity

19 dBm

Average receive power max

3 dBm

Link power budget

9.5 dB

Compliance

1000BaseLx as for IEEE 802.3z

40

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

6.7

34/45 Mbit/s INTERFACE (T3, E3)

Input side

Bit rate

34368 kbit/s or 44736 kbit/s 20 ppm

Line code

HDB3

Rated impedance

75 Ohm

Rated level

1.0 Vp/75 Ohm

Return loss

12 dB from 860 kHz to 17200 kHz


18 dB from 17200 kHz to 34368 kHz
14 dB from 34368 kHz to 51550 kHz

Max attenuation of the input cable

12 dB at 17184 kHz according to f trend

Accepted jitter

see mask in Table 2, CCITT Rec. G.823

Transfer function

see mask in Figure 2, CCITT Rec. G751

Output jitter

0.3 U.I from 0 Hz to 800 kHz


0.05 U.I. from 10 kHz to 800 kHz

Output side

Bit rate

34368 kbit/s or 44736 kbit/s 20 ppm

Rated impedance

75 Ohm

Rated level

1.0 Vp/75 Ohm

Pulse shape

see mask in Figure 17, CCITT Rec. G.703

6.8

64 kbit/s CONTRADIRECTIONAL V.11 INTERFACE

Tolerance

100 ppm

Equipment side

contradirectional

Coding

clock and data on independent wire

Electrical interface

see Rec. CCITT V.11

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

41

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TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

6.9

ALARM INTERFACE

User output

Relay contacts

normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC)

Open contacts R min.

100 Mohm at 500 Vdc

Closed contacts R max.

0.5 Ohm

Switching voltage V max.

100 V

Switching current I max.

1A

User input

Equivalent circuit recognized as a


closed contact

200 Ohm resist. (max) referred to 6 V (min)

Equivalent circuit recognized as


an open contact

60 kohm (min) referred to +4 V (max)

6.10

NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTERFACE (NMI)

AUI interface

Connector

15 pin SUBD

Connection to LAN

with a branching cable and a transceiver to


Ethernet Thick coaxial cable or 10BaseT

Protocol

TCP/IP or OSI

10BaseT

LAN type

Ethernet Twisted Pair 802.3 10baseT

Connector

RJ45

Connection to LAN

direct with a CAT5 Twisted Pair

Protocol

TCP/IP or OSI

42

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

10Base2

Connector

Coax

Connection to LAN

direct with standard coaxial cable

Protocol

TCP/IP or OSI

RS232 interface

Electrical interface

V.28

Asynchronous baud rate

9600, 19200, 38400, 57600

Protocol

PPP

PPP mode

Client, Automatic (IP Address assigned by


equipment)

SCT interface

Electrical interface

V.28

Asynchronous baud rate

9600, 19200, 38400, 57600

Protocol

PPP

PPP mode

Automatic (IP Address assigned by equipment)

6.11

POWER SUPPLY

One or two power supplies can be inserted into the ADM1 shelf depending on the mechanical
arrangement for duplicated or unduplicated powering.
Tab. 6.3
Mechanical
layout

Input voltage

Input current
(max)

Power consumption
(fully equipped)

4RU

48/60 Vdc; 15 % +20%

1.25 A

50 Watts

2RU

48/60 Vdc; 15% +20%

0.8 A

30 Watts

1RU

24 Vdc; 15% +20%


48/60 Vdc; 15%+20%
90 to 254 Vac, 50/60 Hz

1A
0.5 A
0.4 A

20 Watts

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

43

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TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

6.12

MECHANICAL STRUCTURE

The equipment practice complies with EN 300 1194 standards for mechanical and EMI/EMC
specifications. The equipment mechanical structure has the following dimensions:
Tab. 6.4
4RU

2RU

1RU

Height

160 mm

90 mm

44.4 mm

Width

480 mm

480 mm

480 mm

Depth

240 mm

240 mm

240 mm

Access to each unit in the shelf is possible from the front side. All connectors are placed on the
front of the relevant units.

6.13

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

The equipment is compliant with the following standards:

44

Storage: EN 300 01911, Class 1.2 (weatherprotected, partly


temperaturecontrolled location)

Temperature range: 25 C to +55 C

Transport: EN 300 01912, Class 2.3 (public transportation)

Temperature range: 40 C to +70 C

Operation: EN 300 01913, Class 3.2 (Partly temperature controlled locations)

Temperature range: 5 C to +45 C normal


Rel. humidity: less than 95%

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

7.

7.1

EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION

GENERAL

The ADM1 equipment can be configured for terminal, linear adddrop or ring adddrop
applications, in unprotected or protected configurations. All the configurations use the same
units, only quantity can be different; this allow the user to expand easily and at any time the
system from unprotected to protected configuration.

7.2

UNPROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

7.2.1

4RU version

The following configurations are supported:

1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1/STM4 aggregate.
The equipment of common parts is typical for a terminal MUX: one or two PSU, one
LIU, one SMU, a MCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces,
with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side
aggregate, part to the East side.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The
ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of
63x2Mbit/s.

1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 126 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the west side
aggregate, part to the East side.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

45

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TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX with an
additional SMU (needed for the additional 2 Mbit/s terminations). The ADM can be
equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 126x2 Mbit/s.

1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the repeater version, both direct digital transit of individual channels and local use
with the capability of extracting or inserting up to 63x2 Mbit/s channels are possible.
The VC used in the frame can be chosen by software programming. The basic common
equipment is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX. The ADM1 can be equipped with
many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

1+0 dropinsert with up to 126 E1 tributary interfaces. In the repeater version, both
direct digital transit of individual channels and local use with the capability of extracting
or inserting up to 126x2Mbit/s channels are possible.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX with an
additional SMU (needed for the additional 2Mbit/s terminations). The ADM1 can be
equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 126x2Mbit/s.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations.
Fig. 7.10 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described in the
paragraph 7.7.

7.2.2

2RU version

The following configurations are supported:

1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1/STM4 aggregate.
The equipment of common parts is typical for a terminal MUX: one or two PSU, one
LIU, one SMU, a MCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces,
with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side
aggregate, part to the East side.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The
ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of
63x2Mbit/s.

1+0 dropinsert with up to 63 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the repeater version, both direct digital transit of individual channels and local use
with the capability of extracting or inserting up to 63x2 Mbit/s channels are possible.
The VC used in the frame can be chosen by software programming. The basic common
equipment is the same as in the 1+0 terminal MUX. The ADM1 can be equipped with
many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations.
Fig. 7.11 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described on the
paragraph 7.7.

46

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.2.3

1RU version

The following configurations are supported:

1+0 terminal multiplex with up to 32 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the terminal version all channels are assigned to a single STM1 aggregate. The
equipment of common ports is typical for a terminal MUX: one PSU, one LIU, one
SMCU. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum
of 32x2 Mbit/s.

1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 32 E1 tributary interfaces.


In the double terminal version part of the channels are assigned to the West side
aggregate, part to the East side.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. The
ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 32x2
Mbit/s.

Fig. 7.12 shows the equipment general block diagram. It evidences the units described on the
paragraph 7.7.

7.3

EQUIPMENT PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

7.3.1

4RU version

The equipment can be partially or fully protected by duplicating the LIU, the SMU, the PSU and
the tributary units. For the tributary protection please also refer to 7.5.
The following configurations are supported:

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection.


The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (East) of the same LIU.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer, but with
the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary
interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line and equipment protection.


This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and two SMU units. The equipment
can work with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s in protected configuration. Other types of
tributaries can be used in unprotected or simple unit redundancy configuration

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection.


This kind of protection requires the same configuration as for the 1+1 terminal
multiplexer with line and equipment protection with the addition of a TSU switch for
the STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries. The 2 Mbit/s tributaries are protected (max.
63) without the need of a TSU switch.
The STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries can be protected in unit redundancy with
switch type.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

47

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1+1 dropinsert with line protection.


This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and one SMU unit. The ADM1 can
be equipped with many tributary interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.

1+1 dropinsert with line and equipment protection.


This kind of protection requires the use of two LIU and two SMU units. The equipment
can work with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s in protected configuration. Other types of
tributaries can be used in unprotected or simple unit redundancy configuration

1+1 dropinsert with line, equipment and tributary protection.


The kind of protection requires the same configurations as for the 1+1 dropinsert with
line and equipment protection with the addition of a TSU switch for the STM1, E3/T3,
Ethernet tributaries. The 2 Mbit/s tributaries are protected (max. 63) without the need
of a TSU switch.
The STM1, E3/T3, Ethernet tributaries can be protected in unit redundancy with
switch type.

The power supply can be duplicated in all the above mentioned configurations. Fig. 7.13 shows
the fully protected configuration with 63x2 Mbit/s tributaries (1+1 terminal or dropinsert
multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary protection).

7.3.2

2RU version

The following configuration is supported:

7.3.3

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection.


The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (east) of the same LIU.
The equipment of common parts is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer. but with
the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary
interfaces, with a maximum of 63x2 Mbit/s.
The power supply can be duplicated.

1RU version

The following configuration is supported:

48

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection.


The line protection is obtained by using the second interface (east) of the same LIU.
The equipment of common partes is the same as in the 1+0 terminal multiplexer, but
with the two LIU interfaces enabled. The ADM1 can be equipped with many tributary
interfaces, with a maximum of 32x2 Mbit/s.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.4

NETWORK PROTECTED CONFIGURATIONS

The following automatic protections are implemented in order to meet network redundancy
requirements:

MSP (1+1 equipment configuration is required)

SNCP (Subnetwork Connection Protection), on EW aggregate streams

2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH

MSSPR, in case of STM4 aggregate signal.

7.4.1

2 Mbit/s end to end traffic protection between PDH and SDH rings

As introduced in chapter 5.2 and relevant Fig. 5.2, the equipment provides protection to 2 Mbit/s
end to end traffic between PDH and SDH rings.
As shown in Fig. 7.1 the performances of each 2 Mbit/s tributary signal coming from the PDH
path and entering into the SDH ring is monitored at the SMU unit input. In case of 2 Mbit/s trouble
the relevant generated alarm signals are embedded in the VC12 POH and then into the STM1
frame. This action permits to enable the SNCP protection at SDH ring end by switching the
VC12s.
Fig. 7.2 shows the 2 Mbit/s alarms details, SDH consequent action, and alarm/switching
activation time.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

49

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

2 Mbit/s
tributary
input #1

PPI
Plesiochronous
Physical Interface

LPA
Lower order
Path Adaptation

LPT
Lower order
Path Termination

STM1
interface

2 Mbit/s alignment
and monitor

To alarm
interface
SDH multiplexing

STM1
interface

functions

2 Mbit/s
tributary
input #n

Fig. 7.1

2 Mbit/s
2 Mbit/s
G.704
Framed

2 Mbit/s
unframed

Fig. 7.2

50

2 Mbit/s monitoring and alarm insertion

2 Mbit/s Alarms

SDH consequent actions

PDH+SDH alarm
activation time

CRC Error

Parity errors forced on the POH


(BIP2 of the V5 byte)

SDH BER Threshold


dependent

BER 106 (CRC4/G.704)

TUAIS (optional)

10 sec

Loss of Signal (LOS)


Loss of Frame (LOF)
Received AIS

TUAIS
(All 1 forced in the whole
TU12, including the TU12
Pointer)

1,5 msec

Loss of Signal (LOS)


Received AIS

TUAIS
(All 1 in the whole TU12, including the TU12 Pointer)

1,5 msec

2 Mbit/s alarm monitoring and consequent SDH action

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.5

REDUNDANCY OF TRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

The ADM1 provides equipment protection also to the tributary interface units (see Fig. 7.9):

Protection for E1 tributary


This protection is available on 4RU version only.
The redundancy is achieved by duplicating the SMU unit; a switch on the TIU unit
selects the E1 tributary traffic from the two SMU units according to unit status and
networks alarms.

Tributary
(only E1)

SMU R

Aggregate

SMU M

Aggregate

TIU

Fig. 7.3

Protection for STM1, E3/T3 and Ethernet tributaries


Two types of protection are foreseen:

Simple unit redundancy: this protection is available in all the RU versions. Full unit
duplication (including physical interfaces with connectors) is achieved. The two
units work independently. The crossconnect (within the SMU/SMCU) selects the
active unit according to unit status and network alarms.
Tributary

TIU

Tributary

TIU

SMU
SMCU
Aggregate

Fig. 7.4

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

51

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Unit redundancy with switch: This protection is available on 4RU version only. The
two tributary interface units in redundancy are connected through a switch (TSU
Tributary Switching Unit) that selects the tributary traffic from the two units
according to unit status and network alarms.
SMU

TIU
Tributary

Aggregate
TIU
TSU
Fig. 7.5

7.5.1

Equipment of tributary units slots (for 4RU version only)

See Fig. 7.9.


The first four TIU slots can house E1 tributaries only. The last four slots can instead be equipped
with any TIU type (i.e. E1, E3/T3, STM1 and Ethernet) enabling any mixture of interfaces. The
next figures show some examples of possible configurations.

126xE1 unprotected configuration

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

TIU
(E1)

Fig. 7.6

52

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

63xE1 protected (unprotected in case of a single SMU) + 3x10/100BaseT + 3xE3 +


2xSTM1 (with TIU protection) configuration

(STM

cover

(STM

cover

TU
TIU

1)

1)

(E3)
(E3)

TU
TIU

(STM 1)

(Eth)
(Eth)

TU
TIU

cover

TU
TIU

cover

TU
TIU
( E1)
(E1)

(STM 1)

TU
TIU
(E1)
(E1)

cover

TU
TIU
(E1)
(E1)

cover

TU
TIU
(E1)
(E1)

cover

Simple Unit Redundancy

Fig. 7.7

48xE1 + 3x10/100BaseT (with TIU protection) and 2xSTM1 (with TIU protection)
configuration

cover

(STM

1)

1)

TSU

(STM

cover

(Eth)

TSU

(Eth)

(STM 1)

(Eth)

(STM 1)

TU
TIU

cover

TIU
TU

TSU

TIU
TU

cover

TIU
TU

TSU

TIU
TU
(E1)

(Eth)

TIU
TU
(E1)
(E1)

cover

TIU
TU
(E1)

cover

Unit Redundancy with Switch

Fig. 7.8

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

53

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

TU
TIU

SMUM

PSUM PSUR MIU

SMUR

LIUM

MCU

LIUR

Up to 63 E1 Tributary in 1+0 or Redundancy configuration

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

SMUM

SMU R
LIU M

MCU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU
Cover

E1 Tributary in 1+0 configuration


for expansion from 64 to 126

Fig. 7.9

54

PSUR MIU
PSUM

Cover

TIU
Cover

TIU
Cover

LIU R

TIU

TIU
TSU
switch

TIU
Cover

TIU
TSU
switch

Cover

E3/T3 or STM1 or Ethernet Tributary E3/T3 or STM1 or Ethernet Tributary


in 1+0 configuration or
In Unit Redundancy configuration
Simple Unit Redundancy
with switch

Redundancy of tributary units

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.6

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

Fig. 7.10 to Fig. 7.13 show the block diagram of the different ADM1 equipment version. They
evidence the units below described.

7.6.1

LIU (Line Interface Unit)

This unit provides two aggregate interfaces, East/West sides, to the STM1/STM4 signal. The
SPI may be electrical or optical in alternative.

7.6.2

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)

This unit provides the following:

STM1 mapping/demapping as per G.707 Recc.

Crossconnection for virtual containers VC12 and VC3:

from direction E/W to direction W/E

from the tributary lines to E/W direction and viceversa

from tributary lines to tributary lines

The maximum crossconnection capability is 12xSTM1.

7.6.3

The timing to all the equipment functional blocks by selecting four possible external
synchronisation sources.
Holdover and free running modes are also available according to Recs. G.810/G.813.

MCU (Main Control Unit)

This unit provides monitoring and controls of all equipment functional blocks. The manmachine
dialogue is performed through the SCT/LCT or NMS5UX managers. In addition the controller
provides:

a 64 kbit/s service channel, transmitted over the F1 byte of the STM1 frame.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

55

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.6.4

SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Control Unit)

This unit provides the following:

STM1 mapping/demapping as per G.707 Recc.

Crossconnection for virtual containers VC12 and VC3:

from direction E/W to direction W/E

from the tributary lines to E/W direction and viceversa

from tributary lines to tributary lines

The maximum crossconnection capability is 12xSTM1.

The timing to all the equipment functional blocks by selecting four possible external
synchronisation sources.
Holdover and free running modes are also available according to Recs. G.810/G.813.

Monitoring and controls of all equipment functional blocks. The manmachine dialogue
is performed through the SCT/LCT or NMS5UX managers,
In addition the controller provides a 64 kbit/s service channel transmitted over the F1
byte of the STM1 frame.

7.6.5

TIU (Tributary Interface Unit)

The equipment can be equipped with different tributary interface types:

2 Mbit/s tributary interface (E1): each unit can provide up to sixteen 2 Mbit/s interface.
The tributary impedance is 75 Ohms or 120 Ohms

3x34/45 Mbit/s tributary interface (T3, E3), G.703

2xSTM1 G.703 electrical or G.957 optical

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx

Ethernet 2x100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx

7.6.6

PSU (Power Supply Unit)

Different units process the DC battery or AC (1RU version only) input in order to supply the
equipment with the required supply voltages. The unit for the 2RU and 4RU versions can be
duplicated for higher reliability.

56

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Fig. 7.10

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

PSUM

PSUR

48V batt.

Main
controller

48V batt.

64 kbit/s
V.11 service
channel

LAN/RS232
supervision
ports

In/out
alarms

Aggregate
interface

STM1/4
east

MCU

Aggregate
interface

STM1/4
west

LIU

Equipment
supply

Management
& monitoring

SDH
G.707
mapping

SDH
G.707
mapping

additional SMUR

SDH
G.707
mapping

SDH
G.707
mapping

SETS

to/from
SMU unit
only

Only in case of term. 1+0


126x2 Mbit/s version

Crossconn.
matrix

Crossconn.
matrix

SMUM

Ethernet
10/100/1000

155520 kbit/s

STM1
interface

Ethernet
interface

34/45 Mbit/s

additional
up to 63x2 Mbit/s

up to 63x2 Mbit/s

34/45 Mbit/s
interface

Up to 63x2
Mbit/s
tributary
interface

TIU

Up to 63x2
Mbit/s
tributary
interface

External
timing

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO


CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ADM1 4RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration)

57

Fig. 7.11

58

PSUM

PSUR

48V batt.

Main
controller

48V batt.

64 kbit/s V11
service
channel

LAN/RS232
supervision
ports

In/out
alarms

Aggregate
interface

STM1/4
east

MCU

Aggregate
interface

STM1/4
west

LIU

Equipment
supply

Management
& monitoring

SDH
G.707
mapping

SDH
G.707
mapping
Crossconn.
matrix

SMUM

SDH
G.707
mapping

SETS

Ethernet
interface

STM1
interface

TIU

34/45 Mbit/s
tributary
interface

Up to 63x2
Mbit/s
tributary
interface

Ethernet
10/100/1000

155520 kbit/s

34/45 Mbit/s

up to 63x2 Mbit/s

External
timing

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO


CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ADM1 2RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration)

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Fig. 7.12

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

ADM1 1RU version general block diagram (1+0 unprotected configuration)

24 or 48/60
battery or
110/240 Vac

64 kbit/s V.11
service
channel

LAN/RS232
supervision
ports

PSU

Aggregate
interface

STM1
east

In/out
alarms

Aggregate
interface

STM1
west

LIU

Equipment
supply

SDH
G.707
mapping

SDH
G.707
mapping

Main
controller

SETS

SDH
G.707
mapping

Management
and monitoring

Crossconn.
matrix

SMCU

155520 kbit/s

Ethrernet
10/100/1000

Ethernet
interface

34/45 Mbit/s

up to 32x2 Mbit/s

STM1
interface

TIU

34/45 Mbit/s
tributary
interface

Up to 32x2
Mbit/s
tributary
interface

External
timing

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59

Fig. 7.13

60

West B
IN

West B
OUT

STM1/STM4
links

West A
OUT

West A
IN

LIUR

&
G.703
proc.

SMUR

&
G.703
proc.

SMUM

LIUM

E2

2 Mbit/s
PPI

E1

E2

2 Mbit/s
PPI

E1

TIU
2 Mbit/s interface

up to 63x2
Mbit/s
version

up to 63x2
Mbit/s
version

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

ADM1, 4RU version, equipment full protection (63x2 Mbit/s version)

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7.7

UNIT DESCRIPTION

Herebelow the block diagram of the units the equipment consists of are supplied. The signal path
from the STM1 aggregate lines to the tributary lines and viceversa is indicated.

7.7.1

LIU (Line Interface Unit)

Refer to block diagram of Fig. 7.33.


The line STM1 interfacing is performed through a synchronous physical interface (SPI) circuit.
Electrical version
At the receive side (West or East) the SPI interfaces the STM1 signal then performing:

clock extraction from CMI decoding

code conversion from CMI to NRZ format

input cable loss compensation up to 13 dB

The hybrid that follows supplies the two SMU units in case of SMU unit duplication.
At the transmit side it receives 155520 kbit/s signal and performs the code conversion from
NRZ to CMI format according to G.703 Recommendation.
The LIU is provided with a switch, controlled by the controller unit, for selection of the signal
coming from the two SMU units.
Optical version
It interfaces the fibre cables through optical transmitter and receiver.
At the receive side a PIN diode extracts the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format. The
circuits that follow are the same of electrical version.
At the transmit side the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format is passed for modulation to
the optical transmitter.
The card uses a pluggable laser module that can be changed without extracting the card. The
controller card detects if a laser module is changed and updates the system. The types of
supported laser module are listed in Tab. 6.1.
W

LOS LED
WEST SIDE

OUT

IN

OUT

IN

LOS LED
EAST SIDE

LOS LED: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected

Fig. 7.14

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CM.89012.I

LOS LED
EAST SIDE

LOS LED
WEST SIDE
LOS
ON

TX LED
ACTIVE

LASER
MODULES

TX LED
ACTIVE

LOS
ON

LOS LED: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected


TX LED ACTIVE: when ON the Tx laser is active

Fig. 7.15

7.7.2

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)

The SMU unit consists of the blocks shown by the block diagram of Fig. 7.34.It performs the
multiplexing structure from STM1 to tributary and viceversa.
A brief overview of the main functions will follow.
Fig. 7.34 shows the SMU unit in drop/insert configuration.
LED CARD
FAIL

2M
ACT
TX LED
ACTIVE

SYNC 2 MHz IN

SYNC 2 MHz OUT

LED CARD FAIL: when ON the card has a major alarm


LED ACTIVE STATUS: when ON the card is active

Fig. 7.16
MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner circuit searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2
for alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits
to extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte
is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when
connected. At the output of MST+RST block, the Administrative Unit (AU) is passed to the MSA
section passing through a switch for signal selection from West (East) lines.
At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes
thus generating the STM1 signal.

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CM.89012.I

The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the
SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig. 7.45.
The STM1 signal, after duplication, is then sent to the West (East) lines passing through the
LIUs.

MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)


At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side
terminating/inserting the AU pointers.
The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible
phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig. 7.47). The
pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row.
Pointer value permits always to locate the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible
phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4.
Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary
(see Fig. 7.48).
In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three
pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification.
Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through
inversion of some bytes of pointer word.

HPT (High Path Termination)


This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4.
The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm
indicator.
See Fig. 7.49 for VC4 POH content.

HPA (High Path Adaptation)


This section performs the following:

mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3


structure as shown in Fig. 7.50 and Fig. 7.51.

alignment of TU12 WEST/EAST sides in the same temporal position

permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other
through TU12 pointer mechanism (see Fig. 7.52).

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

LPC (Lower Order Path Connection)


It permits the VC12s within STM1 East/West to be:

cross connected from one side to the other in any position of STM1

locally terminated at any tributary interface.

LPT (Low Path Termination)


At the receive side it extracts the C12 container by terminating the POH while at transmit side
performs opposite operation.
The POH acts as low path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm
indicator.
Fig. 7.54 shows the POH content (byte V5).

LPA (Low Path Adaptation)


This section permits to map (demap) an asynchronous 2048 kbit/s into (from) the C12 container.
Justification bits are included in order to perform adaptation of the external clock with the internal
one.
The generated frame consists of 140 bytes with a period of 500 s as shown in Fig. 7.53.

PPI (Plesiochronius Physical Interface)


It interfaces the 2 Mbit/s input/output signal adapting the HDB3 line code with the NRZ
equipment code and viceversa.
SETS
The synchronisation equipment timing source circuit supplies the reference for timing the
equipment circuitry.
Fig. 7.36 shows the synchronisation block diagram.

64

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7.7.3

2 Mbit/s (E1) tributary interface unit

This unit can interface up to sixteen 2 Mbit/s tributary lines. Further units can be added until the
maximum capacity is reached. As shown in Fig. 7.37 it consists of a level adapter from HDB3
to NRZ/TTL and viceversa.
In case of ADM1 4RU version with SMU unit protection, an hybrid duplicates the signal at
transmit side whereas a switch selects the best signal from the two SMU units.

11 16 11

12

16

12

Tributary 2 Mbit/s 75 Ohm


Input

Output
Tributary 2 Mbit/s 120 Ohm
912

1316

14

58

Fig. 7.17

7.7.4

155 Mbit/s (STM1) tributary interface unit

The unit interfaces two STM1 tributary lines. Further units can be added until the maximum
capacity is reached. The STM1 interface can be electrical or optical, depending on the equipped
unit. Refer to block diagram of Fig. 7.35 for the following description.
SPI
Electrical version
At the receive side (A or B) the SPI interfaces the STM1 signal then performing:

clock extraction from CMI decoding

code conversion from CMI to NRZ format

input cable loss compensation up to 13 dB

At the transmit side it receives 155520 kbit/s signal and performs the code conversion from
NRZ to CMI format according to G.703 Recommendation.

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Optical version
It interfaces the fibre cables through optical transmitter and receiver.
At the receive side a PIN diode extracts the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format. The
circuits that follow are the same of electrical version.
At the transmit side the data at 155520 kbit/s rate in NRZ format is passed for modulation to
the optical transmitter.
The card uses a pluggable laser module that can be changed without extracting the card. The
controller card detects if a laser module is changed and updates the system. The types of
supported laser module are listed in Tab. 6.1.
By SW programming it is possible to disable the SPI of the tributary unit, connecting the STM1
signals to the SPI placed on the TSU unit.
In this case the SPI interface can be electrical or optical depending on the proper TSU.

OUT

LOS
B

V.11

LOS

C36073

OUT

IN

IN

Side B

Side A

V11 service channel

OUT

ON

LOS

IN

Side A

V.11

ON

LOS

C36074

IN

OUT

Side B
Class 1 Laser Product
V11 service channel

LED LOS: when ON a loss of incoming signal is detected


LED
Fig. 7.18

66

ON: when ON the Tx Laser is active


Frontal view

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MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner circuit searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2
for alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits
to extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte
is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when
connected.
At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes
thus generating the STM1 signal.
The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the
SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig. 7.45.
The STM1 signal is then sent to the A (B) lines passing through the SPIs.
MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)
At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side
terminating/inserting the AU pointers.
The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible
phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig. 7.47). The
pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row.
Pointer value permits always to locate the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible
phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4.
Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary
(see Fig. 7.48).
In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three
pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification.
Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through
inversion of some bytes of pointer word.
HPT (High Path Termination)
This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4.
The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm
indicator.
See Fig. 7.49 for VC4 POH content.

HPA (High Path Adaptation)


This section performs the following:

mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3


structure as shown in Fig. 7.50 and Fig. 7.51.

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CM.89012.I

alignment of TU12 A/B sides in the same temporal position

permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other
through TU12 pointer mechanism (see Fig. 7.52).

Bus interface
This section interfaces the A and B signals, adapting the internal bus of the unit to the
crossconnect bus inside the SMU (SMCU) unit.
V11 service channel
This section permits to map (demap) a V.11 64 kbit/s service channel into (from) the F1 bytes.
By SW programming the service channel can be connected to the A or B channel.

7.7.5

34/45 (E3/T3) tributary interface unit

The unit terminates three T3 or E3 bidirectional tributaries, at 34/45 Mbit/s. The line interface
is at 75 Ohm, realized by 1.0/2.3 connectors. Through software programming, it is possible:

to configure each single interface to operate at 34 Mbit/s or at 45 Mbit/s

to assign the channel to one of the VC3s of the SDH frame. The multiplexing scheme
is depicted in Fig.2.

More units can be inserted into the subrack, up to reach the maximum foreseen capacity. On
the frontal panel, the LOS alarm points out, for each channel, the absence of the input signal.
CHANNEL 1

CHANNEL 2

CHANNEL 3

C36079
LOS

Fig. 7.19

7.7.5.1 Functional Description


For the SDH transport, mapping is foreseen on the single VC3s. A block diagram of the unit is
reported in Fig. 7.21; it highlights the following functional blocks:
Relay
It implements all the switching functions between the tributary unit and the Switch unit.
LIU
LIU contains all the circuits that interface the three E3 and/or T3 lines. In transmission, it
generates the signal at 34.368 or at 44.736 Mbit/s to send to the line. An internal monitoring
circuit provides to raise an alarm in case of transmission fault.

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In reception, it regenerates the clock and the data of the HDB3 or B3ZS signal in input. An
embedded AGC circuit allows getting an attenuation equal to 6dB and 12 db f. An internal
monitoring circuit provides to raise an alarm in case of LOS or errors on the input signal.
Mapper
The device maps the three E3/T3 circuits into the TUG3 of the SDH frame. The three interfaces
can be of uniform (E3/T3) or mixed type.
This block adapts the E3/T3 user traffic to the transport in the synchronous network, providing
a justifying process in the correspondent VC3s.
Bus Interface
It allows adapting the frame format to that foreseen by the SMU unit.
Microprocessor Interface
All the functions of unit management and configuration are charged to this block.

STM N

AUG

AU 4

VC4
TUG3

Pointer processing
Multiplexing
Mapping

Fig. 7.20

VC3

C3

TU12

VC12

C12

34368 Kbit/s : E3
44736 Kbit/s : T3

TUG2

Aligning

Container (C)
Virtual Container (VC)
Tributary Unit (TU)

TU3

2048 Kbit/s : E1

Tributary Unit Group (TUG)


Administrative Unit (AU)
Administrative Unit Group (AUG)

Multiplexing structure

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

3 x E3/T3
G703
75ohm
Input
Output
Interfaces

Tras

Rel

Tras

Rel

Tras

Rel

LIU
+
TX Clock
Extractor

Mapper
+
PLL

Bus
Interface

To SMU M

To SMU R
To TSU
Microprocessor
Interface
To MCU

XO

Fig. 7.21

7.7.6

E3T3 unit block diagram

Ethernet tributary unit interface

This unit terminates three Ethernet tributaries, which, depending on the equipped unit, can be
of type:

2x10/100BaseT + 1x100 Base FX or 1000 Base SX/LX 2 (Fig. 7.22)

2x100BaseFX + 1x100 Base FX or 1000 Base SX/LX 2 (Fig. 7.23)


More units can be inserted into the subrack, up to the reaching of the maximum foreseen
capacity.
In case of optical equipping, the LEDs or the lasers are of Class1.
The functionality is typical of a transparent bridge, operating at level 2 (link layer) of the OSI
standard with:

Management of the QoS (Quality of Service) at level 2 with consequent proprietary


management of the queues

Flow control

Access to the carrier through examination of the physical address (MAC)

VLAN (Virtual LAN), where different LANs can share the carrier maintaining a
reciprocal independence

Management of the Spanning Tree protocol, which allows routing the packets within
the SDH ring, avoiding spurious network loops.

The unit can accept Ethernet frames with standard length (up to 1536 bytes). As regards the
SDH transport, the embedding into the GFPF frame is foreseen, with the possibility to multiplex

2.

70

The 100 or 1000 operation is achieved programming the unit for the wished modality
and equipping the same unit with the proper optical transceiver (100FX or 1000SX or
LX)

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the traffic on one or more concatenated VC12s and/or VC3s. Up to three virtual concatenations
are foreseen, is such a way to create independent paths within the network. A different
concatenation can be associated to each port with variable transport capacity, with a maximum
throughput on WAN side (internal) of 290,304 Mbit/s per unit.
The distribution of the traffic over the different VCs can be configured by the user via SW
programming.

Ch 1

Ch 2

Ch 3
DPLX

C36068

Link/ACT
100/1000Bx 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT

OUT IN

Fig. 7.22

2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit

Ch 1

Ch 2

Ch 3

100/1000Bx

100BASEFX 100BASEFX

C36069
DPLX
Link/ACT

OUT IN

Fig. 7.23

OUT IN OUT IN

2x100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx or 1000BaseSx/Lx unit

Functional description
The development foresees the treatment at level 2, transparent bridge type, of the packet
traffic.
The three Ethernet access interfaces are connected to an internal switch of level 2 that provides
to send the traffic in the different directions depending on the MAC Address.
The Ethernet packet, before being sent to the wished VCs, is embedded into a GFPF frame.
For the SDH transport, the mapping is foreseen on the single VC12s and VC3s, or on
concatenated VCs, with the possibility to create up to a maximum of 3 concatenations per unit.
A block diagram of the unit is reported in Fig. 7.24; it highlights the following functional main
blocks:
Electrical Interface
The electrical interface is in compliance with 802.3 standard and foresees, depending on the
realization, two or three RJ45 connectors on the front panel.

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Optical Interface
The optical interface is achieved equipping the proper unit with a LED or laser transceiver, of
pluggable type, with a LC type connector. The equipment controller provides to the user the
information about the presence/absence/type of the transceiver.
Relay
It implements all the switching features between the tributary unit and the Switch unit.
Level 2 Switch
The switch realizes all the switching functions at level 2 between the 10/100 and 1000 Mbps
input ports, the three internal ones and that devoted to the switch with the CPU of the BPDU
signal relevant to the Spanning Tree (RapidSTP).
The switch supports the following standards:

IEEE 802.3 relevant to LAN interfaces

IEEE 802.1Q relevant to VLAN tagging, up to a maximum of 4096 local VLANs

IEEE 802.1p for the priority management

IEEE 802.3x for the flow control


It can recognize up to 4096 different MAC Addresses, manages 4096 VLANs and provides the
HW support to the CPU for the management of the Spanning Tree protocol.
The Quality of Service (QoS) is managed both at level 2 and at level 3, addressing the incoming
packets on four queues per port. The packets are queued on the chosen queue analyzing the
3 bits foreseen by the Ethernet tag IEEE 802.1, or observing the bits contained in the
TypeofService field of the IP header.
MII/GMII interface and GFP frame
The module adapts the MII interface of the switch to the internal interface; the packet traffic,
before being loaded on the relevant VCs, is embedded according to the GFPF standard, which
supports the multilink transport.
VC3 or VC12 Ethernet mapper
The module maps the traffic over the single VC12s or VC3s or concatenated VCs. Up to three
virtual concatenations are foreseen, is such a way to create independent paths within the
network. A different concatenation can be associated to each port with variable transport
capacity, with a maximum throughput on WAN side (internal) of 290,304 Mbit/s per unit.
Bus Interface
It allows adapting the frame format to that foreseen by the SMU unit.
Micro Interface
All the functions of unit management and configuration are charged to this block.

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CM.89012.I

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Microprocessor
All the functions of dynamic management of the Spanning Tree are charged to this block. It is
provided with a Dual Port Ram for the interconnection towards the central Micro.
RAM
Memory suitable to recover the delay among the different VCs of the same concatenation and
allow the reconstruction of the original sequence of the Ethernet packets.
100 FX or
1000 SX/LX

Optical
Transceiver

100B T

Electrical
Interface

100B T

Electrical
Interface

To TSU

Rel

Layer 2
SWITCH

VC3 or
VC12

MII/GMII
interface
and
GFP
Framer

Ethernet
mapper

To SMUM

Bus
Interface

To SMUN

RAM
Microprocessor
Interface
Processor

RAM
FLASH

Fig. 7.24

Dual Port
Ram

To MCU

Figure Block diagram of the 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100/1000 BaseFX Ethernet


tributary unit

7.7.7

MCU (Main Controller Unit)

This unit mainly consists of a main controller type MPC860 (see Fig. 7.38) that interacts with
the equipment boards and management ports.
The activities executed by the main controller are the following:

Communication management: it makes use of SNMP as management protocol and


IP or IP over OSI as communication protocol stacks. See Fig. 7.39 for details.
The interface ports for the equipment management are the following:

LAN Ethernet 10BaseT or AUI or 10Base2 (located in Ethernet card)

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74

RS232 asynchronous used for SCT/LCT connection

RS232 asynchronous used for connection to remote NEs

DCC (data communication channel) embedded within STM1 for connection to


the remote NEs.

Login: the main controller manages the equipment or network login/logout by setting
and then controlling the users ID and relevant password.

Database (MIB): validation and storing in a nonvolatile memory of the equipment


configuration parameters.

Equipment configuration: distribution of the parameters stored in the MIB towards the
controlled units for their attuation in addition to the controls from user not stored in the
MIB (i.e. loops, manual forcing etc...)

Alarm monitoring: acquisition, filtering and correlation of the alarms gathered from the
controlled units. Local logger and alarm sending to the connected managers: SCT/LCT
NMS5UX. Management of the alarm signalling on the basic shelf front panel.

Performances: PM management as per Recc. G.826 performed processing:

byte B1 related to RST of STM1 E/W

byte B2/M1 related to MST of STM1 E/W

BIP2 of V5 related to VC12

Download: the main controller is equipped with two flash memory banks containing the
running program (active bank) and the standby program (inactive bank). This permits
to download a new software release to the inactive bank without disturbing the traffic.
Bank switch enables the new release to be used. Download activity is based on FTP
protocol which downloads application programs, FPGA configuration, configuration
files on main controller inactive bank or directly on the peripheral controllers.

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Automatic
laser
shutdown
disable led

Major
alarm
led

Critical
alarm
led

Alarm I/O and


Service channel

M L ALS

A
B

Remote
RS232

m W TEST

EOW

Reset
controller
Minor
alarm
led

RS232

Warning
alarm
led
Active
test led

SCT

USER I/O V11

Management
RS232

LED MAJOR ALARM: when ON a major alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED MINOR ALARM: when ON a minor alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED CRITICAL ALARM: when ON a critical alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED ALS: when ON automatic laser shutdown is disable. Therefore Tx laser is always ON: pay attention.
LED TEST: when ON a manual test operation is active.

Fig. 7.25

7.7.8

Power supply unit

This unit feeds all the system units. Four different PSU units are available to satisfy the power
requirements of each ADM1 mechanical version as shown in the table below.
Tab. 7.1
ADM1 mechanical
layout

Input voltage range

Power
consumption

Figure

4RU

48/60 Vdc

50 W

Fig. 7.26

2RU

48/60 Vdc

30 W

Fig. 7.27

1RU

24 Vdc
48/60 Vdc
90 to 254 Vac

20 W

Fig. 7.27
Fig. 7.27
Fig. 7.28

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CM.89012.I

Power
connector

Switch

Led ON

Fig. 7.26

Power
connector

Switch

Led ON

Fig. 7.27

Main input
connector

Switch

Led ON

Fig. 7.28

7.7.9

Management Interface Unit (MIU)

This unit supplies the physical Ethernet connection for management. The user can select from
three types of physical connections: 10BaseT, 10BaseThub, AUI.
The MAC layer is performed by controller card.

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10BaseT unit

10BaseThub

AUI unit

Fig. 7.29

7.7.10 SMCU
The SMCU unit consists of two main block:

SDH block (see Fig. 7.32)

Controller block (see Fig. 7.31)

7.7.10.1 SDH Block


It performs the multiplexing structure from STM1 to tributary and vice versa.
A brief overview of this block will follow.
MST + RST
At the receive side an aligner searches from the incoming signal the bytes A1 and A2 for
alignment. If the correct alignment is achieved, then a frame aligned timing circuit permits to
extract all the RST and MST bytes of the SOH. After descrambling the content of some byte
is then sent to main controller for processing and for displaying by the SCT program when
connected. At the output of MST + RST block, the Administrative Unit (AU) is passed to the MSA
section passing through a switch for signal selection from West (east) lines.
At the transmit side the AU payload from the MSA section is added with MST and RST bytes
thus generating the STM1 signal.
The byte allocation is made by using a frame timing derived from a local clock locked to the
SETS. SOH content is shown in Fig. 7.45.
The STM1 signal, after duplication, is then sent to the West (East) lines passing through the
LIUs.
MSA (Multiplex Section Adaptation)
At the receive side this section extracts VC4 from AU4 and viceversa at the transmit side
terminating/inserting the AU pointers.
The pointers permit a flexible allocation to VC4 within AU4 regarding possible
phase/frequency fluctuation of the payload with respect to transport module (see Fig. 7.47). The
pointer occupies the STM1 nine first bytes of the fourth row.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Pointer value permits always to locale the VC4 start (byte J1 of POH) and recovery possible
phase/frequency variation between AU4 and VC4. Positive stuffing is made if VC4 bit rate
is lower than AU4; negative stuffing if on the contrary (see Fig. 7.48)
In the first case the first three bytes following the pointer are used; in the second the last three
pointer bytes are dedicated to the negative justification.
Stuffing operation is followed by pointer value updating (incremented or decremented) through
inversion of some bytes of pointer word.
HPT (High Path Termination)
This section terminates/inserts the VC4 POH thus extracting C4/generating VC4.
The POH acts as path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm
indicator. See Fig. 7.49 for VC4 POH content.
HPA (High Path Adaptation)
This section performs the following:

mapping/demapping from C4 to TU12 and viceversa passing through TUG2 TUG3


structure as shown in Fig. 7.50 and Fig. 7.51.

alignment of TU12 WEST/East sides in the same temporal position

permits adaptation of any VC12 embedded into the STM1 from one side to the other
through TU12 pointer mechanism (see Fig. 7.52).

LPC (Lower Order Path Connection)


It permits the VC12s within STM1 East/West to be:

cross connected from one side to the other in any position of STM1

locally terminated at any tributary interface.

LPT (Low Path Termination)


At the receive side it extracts the C12 container by terminating the POH while at transmit side
performs opposite operation.
The POH acts as low path trace identifier, error monitor, payload identifier and remote alarm
indicator. Fig. 7.54 shows the POH content (byte V5).
LPA (Low Path Adaptation)
This section permits to map (demap) an asynchronous 2048 kbit/s into (from) the C12 container.
Justification bits are included in order to perform adaptation of the external clock with the internal
one.
The generated frame consists of 140 bytes with a period of 500 s as shown in Fig. 7.53.

78

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

PPI (Plesiochronius Physical Interface)


It interfaces the 2 Mbit/s input/output signal adapting the HDB3 line code with the NRZ
equipment code and viceversa.
SETS
The synchronisation equipment timing source circuit supplies the reference for timing the
equipment circuitry.

7.7.10.2 Controller Block


This unit mainly consists of a main controller type MPC860 that interacts with the equipment
boards and management ports.
The activities executed by the main controller are the following:

Communication management: it makes use of SNMP as management protocol and


IP or IP over OSI as communication protocol stacks. See Fig. 7.39 for details.
The interface ports for the equipment management are the following:

LAN Ethernet 10BaseT or 10Base2

RS232 asynchronous used for SCT/LCT connection

RS232 asynchronous used for connection to remote NEs

DCC (data communication channel) embedded within STM1 for connection to


the remote NEs.

Login: the main controller manages the equipment or network login/logout by setting
and then controlling the users ID and relevant password.

Database (MIB): validation and storing in a nonvolatile memory of the equipment


configuration parameters.

Equipment configuration: distribution of the parameters stored in the MIB towards the
controlled units for their attuation in addition to the controls from user not stored in the
MIB (i.e. loops, manual forcing etc...)

Alarm monitoring: acquisition, filtering and correlation of the alarms gathered from the
controlled units. Local logger and alarm sending to the connected managers: SCT/LCT
NMS5UX. Management of the alarm signalling on the basic shelf front panel.

Performances: PM management as per Recc. G.826 performed processing:

byte B1 related to RST of STM1 E/W

byte B2/M1 related to MST of STM1 E/W

BIP2 of V5 related to VC12

Download: the main controller is equipped with two flash memory banks containing the
running program (active bank) and the standby program (inactive bank). This permits
to download a new software release to the inactive bank without disturbing the traffic.
Bank switch enables the new release to be used. Download activity is based on FTP
protocol which downloads application programs, FPGA configuration, configuration
files on main controller inactive bank or directly on the peripheral controllers.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

79

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Major
alarm
led

Automatic
laser
shutdown
disable led
Critical
alarm
led

Sync
2 MHz OUT

Remote
RS232

Alarm I/O and


Service channel

M L ALS
R
RS232

m W TEST

Minor
alarm
led

Ethernet
Warning
Reset
alarm
controller
led
Active
test led

SCT

Sync
2 MHz IN

USER I/O V11

Management
RS232

LED MAJOR ALARM: when ON a major alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED MINOR ALARM: when ON a minor alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED CRITICAL ALARM: when ON a critical alarm is detected in the equipment (see SCT for detail)
LED ALS: when ON automatic laser shutdown is disable. Therefore Tx laser is always ON: pay attention.
LED TEST: when ON a manual test operation is active.

Fig. 7.30

SMCU
LAN

RS232

Alarm
Leds

USER
IN

SCT

ALARM
OUT

MPC860

DCC
East/West
from SDH
block
DCC

CONTROLLER BLOCK

SDH BLOCK

Fig. 7.31

80

TRIBUTARY BOARDS

SMCU unit Controller block diagram

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Fig. 7.32

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

C12
map.

LPA

C4

32

PPI
Decod.
ck
extr.
si/po

T4

T0

VC12
POH
insert

LPT

VC12
Cross
Connect
Matrix

LPC

VC12
POH
term.

LPT

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

C4

2 Mbit/s

SETS

VC4

external
timing

C4
TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

VC12

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

VC12

AU
PTR
insert

MSA

MST+RST

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

C4

SOH
insert

AU
PTR
proc.

SOH
term.

MSA

32

SOH
term.

AU
PTR
proc.

2 Mbit/s

MST+RST

MSA

G.703
gener

SOH
insert

AU
PTR
insert

C12
demap

MST+RST

MSA

PPI

VC4

LPA

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

VC4

to
LIU
West

from
LIU
West

MST+RST

from
LIU
East

to LIU
East

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO


CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

C12

VC12
VC12

VC12
VC12

C12

VC4

SMCU unit SDH block diagram

81

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.8

EQUIPMENT FACILITIES

7.8.1

Loopbacks

Various types of loopsbacks may be implemented for test and maintenance purpose. They are
enabled via software. The loopbacks have to be timed to avoid possible traffic loss. What is
shown herebelow is a list of the available loopbacks:

aggregate interface loopbacks

local loopback
As shown in Fig. 7.41 STM1 signal from East/West transmit side of the
aggregate interface, LIU is routed back to the receive side towards the opposite
direction or towards the terminations ports, depending on the presetting made in
the crossconnect section.

remote loopback
As shown in Fig. 7.42 STM1 signal inputting the receive side of the East/West
aggregate interface is routed back to the transmit side of the same direction.

VC12 loopback
As shown in Fig. 7.43 it is possible to loopback any VC12 embedded within the STM1
payload by passing through the crossconnect section. This latter permits to any VC12
to be crossconnected towards the same direction, East or West. Same applies for the
VC12 from/to the tributary interface.
Warning: this kind of loop cannot be timed.

tributary interface loopbacks

local loopback
As shown in Fig. 7.44 after receiving the loopback control, the trib. signal,
connected at the transmit side, is routed back to the receive side.

remote loopback
As shown in Fig. 7.44 the trib. signal from the crossconnect is routed back
towards the STM1 aggregate signal, East or West or both depending on the
crossconnect setting.

82

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.8.2

Alarm indication

All the alarm roots from the different circuits the ADM1 consists of, are processed by the main
controller and classified according to a severity degree settable by the user.
Alarm classification is the following:

Critical or major: corresponding to an urgent alarm. Situation jeopardizing traffic


continuity.

Minor: corresponding to non urgent alarm: Situation showing a possible traffic


degradation not jeopardizing the traffic continuity.

Warning: situation showing an external alarm that jeopardizes traffic continuity but
caused by an external failure.

Alarm severity is:

displayed by the corresponding LED on the shelf front as shown in Fig. 7.40.

displayed by the managers connected to supervision ports.

In addition the software program shows the individual alarm root and relevant description.
See Unit Description for the meaning of LEDs.

7.8.3

User in/Alarm out

Internal alarms can be routed to four available relay contacts for sending outside an alarm
condition classified as severity degree. This is implemented via software.
The external alarms can be reached by four input in I/O connectors.
See controller card for connector position and Tab. 9.6 for pin connection.

7.9

EQUIPMENT SYNCHRONISATION

Operating mode
There are three operating modes as specified by Reccs G.810/G.812/G.813 and ETS 300
41761:

Locked: normal operating condition in which the local clock frequency is slaved to an
external input reference source.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Holdover: condition of the local clock which has lost the reference source input and
is using the stored data, acquired while in locked condition, for a time greater than 15
minutes. The stored data are used to reproduce the locked condition within a specific
tolerance.

Freerunning: operating condition of the local clock which has lost the reference
source and has no access to the stored data acquired from the input reference source.
Freerunning ends when a reference source reverts to available synchronisation
source.

Synchronisation sources
As shown in Fig. 7.36 the local clock has to be locked to the following external sources:

STM1 from West side

STM1 from East side

one 2 Mbit/s signal applied to the 63 possible inputs

2 MHz

STM1 from tributary unit

Selectors A and B select one of the four possible synchronisation sources to generate the
equipment clock T0 and the external 2 MHz synchr. output T4.
Selection is made by processing the source conditions through the main controller.
Source hierarchy
The available sources are classified depending on the priority and the quality levels assigned.

Priority level
A priority can be assigned to each individual source from the highest (priority number
= 0) to the lowest (priority number 7 source disabled)

Quality level
A synchronisation status messages (SSM) (embedded into bit 5 to bit8 of byte S1
inside the SOH) is used to determine the quality level of the source.

Tab. 7.2 shows the quality level and relevant meaning. The lowest quality level number
(excluding level 0) corresponds to the highest quality.
Tab. 7.2 Synchronisation source quality level

84

Quality level

Abbreviation

Meaning

Quality unknown

PRC

Primary reference clock

SSUT

Synchronisation supply unit transit

SSUL

Synchronisation supply unit local

11

SEC

SDH equipment clock

15

DNU

Do not use

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Quality level of 2 Mbit/s and 2 MHz input sources must be assigned by the user; otherwise level
11 (SEC) will be set as default.
Quality level carried by SOH within STM1, East/West sides, can be changed by the user if
required.
Automatic switch condition
The synchronisation source is selected under the following conditions:

No manual forcing is active

The quality level has priority with respect to the priority level

Source with highest quality level is selected. If same quality level has been assigned
to the available sources then synchronisation source with the highest priority is
selected.

Automatic switching mode


If the best selected source fails, then the best of remaining sources will be selected for use.
The changeover happens after the expiration of the hold off time (settable from 300 to 1880
msec).
During this time the system is clocked in holdover mode assuring a frequency accuracy better
than 0.05 ppm.
If the lost best source has been recovered reversion occurs after a WTR (Wait to restore) time
settable from 0 to 12 minutes.
If only one source is available for synchronisation and this one fails the following happens:

Synchronous source fails after 15 minute trail: estimation of the input frequency
enables the holdover operation mode. A frequency drift lower than 0.05 ppm is
assured for the first 15 minutes plus 0.01 ppm per day increment plus max 2 ppm
for temperature variation.

Synchronous source fails before 15 minute trail: system is switched to free running
mode using the internal source assuring an accuracy of 4.6 ppm.

Manual forcing
It si possible to enable any available source in the following manual mode:

Manual switch: if the quality level is disabled or the available sources have the same
quality then a source can be selected as preferential with respect to the others.
If this source fails, automatically the source with the highest priority will be selected.

Forced switch: a source can be selected for use regardless the quality/priority levels
assigned to the others.
In case of the source fails there is no switch to another available source.
The system works in holdover mode.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

85

Fig. 7.33

86
West

West

Elect.

SPI
Opt.

Elect.

SPI
Opt.

to
SMUs

from
SMUs

from
SMUs

from controller unit

to
SMUs

Opt.

SPI
Elect.

Opt.

Elect.

SPI

East

East

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO


CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

LIU block diagram

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Fig. 7.34

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

63

PPI
Decod.
ck
extr.
si/po

C4

C12
map.

LPA
VC12
POH
insert

LPT

VC12
Cross
Connect
Matrix

LPC

VC12
POH
term.

LPT

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

C4

2 Mbit/s

T4

T0

VC4

SETS

C4

external
timing

TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

VC12

MST+RST

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

VC12

SOH
insert

MSP

AU
PTR
insert

MSA

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

C4

SOH
insert

MST+RST

MST+RST

SOH
term.

AU
PTR
proc.

MSA

G.703
gener

C12
demap

AU
PTR
proc.

MSA

AU
PTR
insert

MSA

PPI

VC4

LPA

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

VC4

to
LIUs
West

from
LIUs
West

SOH
term.

MST+RST

SOH
insert

SOH
insert

63

2 Mbit/s

MST+RST

SOH
term.

SOH
term.
from
LIUs
East

to LIUs
East

MST+RST

MST+RST

MSP

MSP

MST+RST

1.

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

C12

VC12
VC12

VC12
VC12

C12

VC4

SMU unit block diagram

87

Fig. 7.35

88

155
Mbit/s

VC4

V.11
int.

C4

V.11 64 kbit/s
service
channel

C4

Switch

TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

VC12

MST+RST

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

Bus
interface

LPC

VC12

SOH
insert

MSP

AU
PTR
insert

MSA

AU
PTR
proc.

MSA

TU12
PTR
proc.

HPA

TU12
PTR
insert

HPA

C4

SOH
insert

MST+RST

MST+RST

SOH
term.

SOH
term.

VC4
POH
term.

HPT

VC4
POH
insert

HPT

VC4

to
TSU
Ch A

ChA

SPI

from
TSU
Ch A

MST+RST

AU
PTR
proc.

MSA

AU
PTR
insert

MSA

MSP

MSP

from
TSU
ChB

ChB

SPI

to TSU
ChB

155
Mbit/s

from/to SMU (SMCU) Ch B

from/to SMU (SMCU) Ch A

MST+RST

SOH
term.

SOH
term.

MST+RST

MST+RST

SOH
insert

SOH
insert

MST+RST

1.

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

VC4

C4

VC12

VC12

VC4

STM1 tributary unit block diagram

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

SETS
Internal
source
STM1TU
2 MHz

T3
1
T2

2 Mbit/s

63
STM1
West
T1
T1

Selector
A

SETG

Equipment
CK

T0

Main
controller

priority/
quality
loss of
external
timimg

G.703

T4
external
synch.
output

STM1 East
Selector drive

Selector
B

Fig. 7.36

Synchronisation block diagram

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

89

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

To
SMUM
Up to 126x2
Mbit/s

G.703

Level
adapter
To
SMUR
From
SMUM

Up to 126x2
Mbit/s
G.703

Level
adapter
From
SMUR

Fig. 7.37

2 Mbit/s interface unit block diagram

Ethernet
boards

LAN

RS232

SCT

USER
IN

ALARM
OUT

DCC
Alarm
Leds

MPC860

East/West
from SMU
DCC

CONTROLLER BOARD

ADM1 BOARDS

Fig. 7.38

90

Controller architecture

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

APPLICATION SOFTWARE
Applic./present.
session layers

SNMP

Transport
layer

TCP/UDP

IPoverOSI

Routing
layer

IP

ISIS
ISO 10589

Data link
layer

PPP

PPP

LLC
MAC

LAPD
Q921

LCC
MAC

Physical
layer

RS232

DCC
STM1

Ethernet
LAN

DCC
STM1

Ethernet
LAN

Fig. 7.39

IP/IPover OSI protocol stack

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

91

Reset P

EOW

Minor

Major

RS232

Warning

m WTEST

ALS
C

16

ACT

m W TEST

M C ALS

SCT

ALARM AREA

2M

2M

C36064

C36056

Manual
operator

Automatic (laser)
shut down disabled

Critical

USER I/O & V11

2M

LOS

12
1

12

LOS

ACT

2M

12
1

C36064

2M

LOS

ON

ON

LOS

C36050

C36058

11

C36056

11

11

16

11

11

11

11

16

16

2M

11

2M

11

C36054

2M

16

C36054

2M

12

11

C36054
11

16

12

11

1
C36054
11

12

16

11

12
C36054
11

16

12

11

10 Base T

C36060
TX RX

2M

1
C36054

1
C36054

C36054

92
1

Fig. 7.40
1

LOS (Loss Of STM1/4 Signal) Power ON

LAN
activity

1.

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

C36050

Alarm indications in evidence

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Aggregate interface

STM1
West

Crossconnect

Aggregate interface

LIU

LIU

STM1
East

Loopback control

Loopback control

Tributary interface

Tributary
ports

Fig. 7.41

Aggregate interface local loopback

Aggregate interface

Crossconnect

Aggregate interface

STM1
East

STM1
West

Loopback control

Loopback control

Tributary interface

Tributary
ports

Fig. 7.42

Aggregate interface remote loopback

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Crossconnect

Aggregate interface

Aggregate interface
VC12

STM1
West

STM1
East

VC12
Loop
control
Loop
control

Loop
control

VC12

Tributary
interface

2 Mbit/s

Fig. 7.43

VC12 loopback

LOCAL

REMOTE

Crossconnect

Crossconnect

Loopback control

Loopback control

Trib. signal

Fig. 7.44

94

Trib. signal

Tributary interface loopback

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

7.10

SDH OVERVIEW

This is a brief overview of SOH structure. For details see Rec. G.707.
A1

A1

A1

A2

A2

A2

J0

B1

E1

F1

D1

D2

D3

RSOH

AU POINTER
B2

B2

B2

K1

K2

D4

D5

D6

D4

D8

D9

D10

D11

D12

S1

M1

Fig. 7.45

E2

MSOH

SOH content

RSOH key

A1, A2 bytes used for frame alignment


J0 byte used as regenerator section path trace
B1 byte used for error control by means of BIP8 parity code
D1, D2, D3 bytes carry the DCC (Data Communication Channel) for control and
management of regenerator sections
E1 byte is used for voice communication among operators at regenerator sections
F1 byte, 64 kbit/s data channel
X bytes, reserved for national use

bytes forwarding the alarm criteria detected in the regenerator section upstream

bytes not used

bytes reserved for future international standardisation

MSOH key

B2 bytes used for error control by means of BIP24 parity code


K1, K2 (from bit1 to bit5): automatic switching check (not used)
K2 (from bit6 to bit8): MS remote defect indication (MSRDI)
D4D12: DCCM data communication channel
E2: Engineering Order Wire
S1 (b5b8): synchronous status bytes
M1: Multiplex Section REI, Remote Error Indication
X: reserved for national use
: reserved for future international standardisation

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

95

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

261 bytes

9 bytes

9 bytes

STM1

SOH

AU4
AU pointer

A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C D E F G
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Path
information

C
1 2 3
TUG2

VC4
(TUG3X3)

TUG3
(TUG2X7)

Pointer

TU12

3
Path
information
Fixed and
justification
bits
2 Mbit/s
plesiochronous

VC12
C12

Fig. 7.46

96

Multiplexing structure of up to 63x2 Mbit/s within the STM1 frame

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

270 bytes
9 bytes

261 bytes

SOH
Overhead section
AU4 pointer
J1
SOH
Overhead section

Fig. 7.47

9 rows
VC4

Dynamic allocation of VC4 within AU4

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

97

1.

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CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Start of VC4

Start of VC4

PT (n)

PT (n)

J
Frame N

PT (n)

PT (n)

J
Frame N+1

PT (n+1)

PT (n+1)

Frame N+2
PT (n+1)

Negative justification

PT (n+1)

Positive justification

PT(n) = Pointer with n value


J = Bytes with opportunity of negative justification
S = Bytes with opportunity of positive justification (stuffing)

Fig. 7.48

98

Pointer in action

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

J1

RDI

REI
1

B3

N.U.
7

REI = Remote Error Indication


C2

RDI = Remote Defect Indication


N.U. = Not used

9 bytes

G1
F2
J1 = Path trace
H4
F3
K3
N1

Fig. 7.49

B3 = Path error monitoring function


C2 = Signal label
G1 = Path status and performance
F2 = Not used
H4 = Multiframe position indicator
F3 = Not used
K3 = Not used
N1 = Not used

VC4 POH content

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

99

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

86

TUG3
(C)

C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A

261

86

C4
TUG3
(B)

86

TUG3
(A)

C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A

Fig. 7.50

100

.
.
.
.
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1 column
9 rows

fixed stuffing

Multiplexing of three TUG3 into C4

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

TU12

TUG2

A
A
A
B
B
B
C
C
C
C

TUG3

fixed
stuffing
bit

1
4

1
3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 .................................

Fig. 7.51

..........86

TUG2/TUG3 multiplexing structure

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

101

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

V1
1 byte

POINTER
125 s

Position
105
.
.
.

V1 + V2 = pointer word
V3 = negative justification
V4 = reserved

Position
139
V2
pointer area
125 s

Position
0
.
.
.

VC12 area

TU12

Positon
35
.
.
.

negative
justification
possibility
positive
justification
possibility

125 s

V3

500 s

Position
34

Position
69

Position
70
.
.
.

125 s

V4

Position
104

V1

V2

N = New Data Flag Bit


I = Increment Bit

N N N N S S I D I D I D I D I D

Negative JustificationInvert 5 D Bits


Positive JustificationInvert 5 I Bits
Pointer range 0 to 139
SS = TU Type (10 for TU12)

10bit pointer value indicates the


offset from V2 to the first byte of
VC12

D = Decrement Bit

Fig. 7.52

102

TU12 frame and pointer position

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

V5 (see Fig. 7.54 )


RRRRRRRR
32 bytes
RRRRRRRR
J2
C1 C2 O O O O R R

140 bytes

32 bytes
RRRRRRRR
N2
C1 C2 O O O O R R
32 bytes
RRRRRRRR
K4
C1 C2 R R R R R S1
S2 I I I I I I I
31 bytes
RRRRRRRR

500 mS

J2 = Low order path access point identifier


N2 = Not used
K4 = Not used
I = Data bits

= Information bytes

O = Overhead bits
C = Justification control bit

= Control and stuffing bytes

S1/S2 = Justification opportunity bits


R = Fixed stuff bits

Fig. 7.53

VC12 mapping

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

103

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Byte V5
REI

BIP2
1

RFI
3

REI CODING

RDI

SIGNAL LABEL
4

RFI CODING

RDI CODING

0 no error

0 no mulfunctioning

0 no remote alarm

1 one or two errors

1 remote mulfunctioning
indication

1 remote alarm
indication

SIGNAL LABEL CODING


000 unequipped
010 equipped asynchronous

BIP2 = Bit Interleaved Parity Error Checking


REI = Remote Error Indication
RFI = Remote Failure Indication
RDI = Remote Defect Indication

Fig. 7.54

104

VC5 byte content

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Installation

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

105

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

106

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

8.

8.1

EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION

GENERAL

The equipment consists of a wired subrack for 19 rack mounting.


The equipment is shipped in an appropriate cardboard box. After unpacking mechanical
installation takes place as well as electrical wiring.

8.2

MECHANICAL INSTALLATION

On their sides the subrack is provided with two holes for the rack mounting making use of 4 M6
screws.
On right side the subrack is provided with a faston that must be connected to the protective earth
with a permanent connection (see Tab. 8.1).

8.3

ELECTRICAL WIRING

The electrical wiring must be done using appropriate cables thus assuring the equipment
responds to the electromagnetic compatibility standards.
The cable terminates to flying connectors which have to be connected to the corresponding
connectors on the equipment front.
Position and pinout of the equipment connectors are available in this section.
Tab. 8.1 shows the recommended cables to be used and the corresponding interconnecting
connectors.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

107

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

1.

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Tab. 8.1
Interconnecting points

Type of connector terminating the cable

Type of cable/conductor

Battery power supply

Polarised SUBD 3W3 female


connector

Section of each wire 2.5


sqmm and length 10 m

AC power supply

DIN GST3 female connector

Three wire cable with section of


each wire 1.5 sqmm and
length 10 m

Aggregate signals synchronisation

1.0/2.3 male

75 ohm coaxial cable with double shield

Tributary signals

1.0/2.3 male

75 ohm coaxial cable with double shield

26 pin SUBD male connector

120 ohm balanced eight symmetric shielded pairs with external shield

RJ45 connector

Cable CAT5

V11 service xhannel (tributary


STM1)

MINI Din circular 8 pins female


connector

4 twisted pairs cable with double shiled

User inputs/alarms output

Female type D connector with


26 pins and shielded holder

26 conductor cable with double


shield

LCT/RS232

Female type D connector with 9


pins and shielded holder

3 conductor cable with double


shield

GND

Faston male type

Section area 4 sqmm.

108

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

9.

9.1

USER CONNECTORS

GENERAL

User connections have to be performed using proper connectors available on the front of the
following units the equipment consists of.
For ADM1 4RU version, refer to Fig. 9.1.
For ADM1 2 RU version, refer to Fig. 9.2.
For ADM1 1 RU version, refer to Fig. 9.3.

9.2

AVAILABLE CONNECTORS AND THEIR USE

The user connectors are:


TIU (Tributary Interface Units)

2 Mbit/s (E1) 75 Ohm: each unit carries up to sixteen tributaries

2 Mbit/s (E1) 120 Ohm: each unit carries up to sixteen tributaries

I/O connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig. 9.4)


I/O connectors: SUBD26 pins male 120 Ohm type (see Fig. 9.6 and Tab. 9.1)

155 Mbit/s (STM1) electrical: each unit carries up to two tributaries

I/O connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig. 9.7)

V11service channel connector: MINI Din circular 8 pins female (see Fig. 9.7,
Fig. 9.9 and Tab. 9.2)

155 Mbit/s (STM1) optical: each unit carries up to two tributaries

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

109

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

I/O connectors: LC type for I1, S11, L11, L12 applications (see Fig. 9.8)

V11service channel connector: MINI Din circular 8 pins female (see Fig. 9.8,
Fig. 9.9 and Tab. 9.2)

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseT + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx

I/O connectors: RJ45 type (see Fig. 9.12, Fig. 9.11 and Tab. 9.3)

I/O BaseFx connector: LC type (see Fig. 9.10)

Ethernet 2x10/100BaseFx + 1x100BaseFx/1000BaseSx or Lx

I/O BaseFx connectors: LC type (see Fig. 9.10)

34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G703:

I/O connector: 1.0/2.3 75 Ohm female (see Fig. 9.22).

SMU (SDH Multiplexing Unit)

In/Out 2 MHz synchronisation source connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type


(see Fig. 9.5)

MCU (Main Controller Unit)

User I/O and V11 connector: SUBD26 pins male type (see Fig. 9.13, Fig. 9.14
and Tab. 9.6)

RS232 connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig. 9.13 and Tab. 9.4)

SCT connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig. 9.13 and Tab. 9.5)

SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Main Controller Unit)

In/Out 2 MHz synchronisation source connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type


(see Fig. 9.15)

User I/O and V11 connector: SUBD26 pins male type (see Fig. 9.14, Fig. 9.15
and Tab. 9.6)

RS232 connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig. 9.15 and Tab. 9.7)

SCT connector: SUBD9 pins male type (see Fig. 9.15 and Tab. 9.8)

10BaseT management interface: RJ45 type connector (see Fig. 9.15, Fig. 9.19
and Tab. 9.10)

LIU (Line Interface Unit) electrical


Each unit carries up to two In/Out STMn interfaces

STM1 In/Out connectors: 1.0/2.3 female 75 Ohm type (see Fig. 9.16)

LIU (Line Interface Unit) optical


Each unit carries up to two In/Out STMn interfaces

110

STM1 In/Out connectors: LC type for I1, S11, L11, L12 applications (see
Fig. 9.17).

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

MIU (Management Interface Unit)


Three different Ethernet interfaces are available

10BaseT: RJ45 type connector (see Fig. 9.19 and Tab. 9.10)

10BaseThub: RJ45 type connector (see Fig. 9.10 and Fig. 9.19)

AUI: SUBD15 pin female type connector (see Fig. 9.18 and Tab. 9.9)

PSU (Power Supply Unit) for DC input battery

24 or 48/60 Vdc input: SUBD 3W3 female type (see Fig. 9.20 and Tab. 9.11)

PSU (Power Supply Unit) for AC main input

110/240 Vac input: GST 3 pins male DIN type connector (see Fig. 9.21 and
Tab. 9.12).

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

111

EOW

TEST W m

M ALS
C

16

ACT

2M

RS232

2M

C36054
SCT

2M

MCU

16

11

16

11

USER I/O & V11

2M

C36054

SMUM

C36058
B

C36056

16
11

11

11

2M

11

12

2M

11

12

11

12

11

12

16

2M

LIUM

ACT

C36063

C36056

11

LOS

11

2M

11

16

ACT

2M

LOS

11

2 Mbit/s trib. or 35/45 Mbit/s


or STM1 trib. position

16

C36054
E

11

12

C36054
ACT

11

C36054

2M

LIUR

C36063

16

C36054
ACT

11

2 Mbit/s trib. position

SMUR

ACT

TX RX

10 Base T

MIU

C36060

ON

PSUM
PSUR

C36050
LOS

ON

12

112
12

Fig. 9.1
12

TIUTRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO


CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

C36050

C36054

C36054

ADM1 4RU version, position of the user connectors

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

11
16

ON

C36054

C36060

11

ACT
E

MIU

TX
RX
1

C36063

11
16

C36056

11

LIU

12
1

ACT

C36054

W
2M

11

MCU

SCT

12
1

2M

C36054

USER I/O & V11

TIUTRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

16

C36063

11

12

PSUR

ON

PSUM

11

11
16

RS232

ACT
TEST
W m

ALS
C M

C36054

SMU

EOW

1
C36058

C36056

Fig. 9.2

12
1

ADM1 2RU version, position of the user connectors

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

113

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

C36063

PSU

ON

SCT

SMCU

USER I/O & V11


C36063
ACT

RS232
E

TEST
W m

ALS
C M

EOW
W
ACT

LIU

R
C36054

C36058
C36056

11
16

12
1

11
16

C36054

11

12
1

Fig. 9.3

114

TIUTRIBUTARY INTERFACE UNITS

B
11

ADM1 1RU version, position of the user connectors

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1.0/2.3 connectors for 2 Mbit/s tributary interfaces (75 Ohm)


INPUTS

11

16

12

12

16
11

1
C36052

OUTPUTS

Fig. 9.4

Front view

1.0/2.3 coaxial connectors for 2 MHz synchronism

2M

C36053
ACT

IN
OUT
2 MHz synchronism

Fig. 9.5

Front view

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

115

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Tab. 9.1 Connector pinout for 2 Mbit/s tributary interfaces (120 Ohms)
Signal

Trib. 14

Trib. 58

Trib. 9 12

input bwire P1

13

output bwire P1

13

input bwire P2

10

14

output bwire P2

10

14

input bwire P3

11

15

output bwire P3

11

15

input bwire P4

12

16

output bwire P4

12

16

GND

10

input awire N1

13

11

output awire N1

13

12

input awire N2

10

14

13

output awire N2

10

14

14

input awire N3

11

15

15

output awire N3

11

15

16

input awire N4

12

16

17

output awire N4

12

16

18

GND

19

input shieldGND

13

20

output shieldGND

13

21

input shieldGND

10

14

22

output shieldGND

10

14

23

input shieldGND

11

15

24

output shieldGND

11

15

25

input shieldGND

12

16

26

output shieldGND

12

16

Pin number

116

Trib. 1316

cable shield

cable shield

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

9
18
26

1 4

1
10
19

5 8

9 12

13 16

CM.89012.I

C36054

Tributaries 1 to 4

Fig. 9.6

Tributaries 5 to 8

Front view

LOS
B

V.11

LOS

C36073

OUT IN
A side

OUT IN
B side

V11 service channel

Fig. 9.7

Front view

LOS
B

V.11

ON

LOS

ON

C36074

OUT IN
A side

OUT IN
B side

Class 1 Laser product

V11 service channel

Fig. 9.8

Front view

8
5

Fig. 9.9

6
3

Front view

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

117

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Tab. 9.2
Pin number

V11 connections

Ck Rx V11 (out+)

Ck Rx V11 (out)

Tx V11 (out+)

Tx V11 (out)

Rx V11 (in+)

Rx V11 (in)

Ck Tx V11 (out+)

Ck Tx V11 (out)

LC connector for Optical Ethernet tributary


C36069
DPLX
Link/ACT
100/1000Bx

OUT IN

100BASEFX 100BASEFX

OUT IN OUT IN
Class 1 Laser product

Fig. 9.10

Front view

LC and RJ45 female connector for Ethernet tributary


DPLX

C36068

Link/ACT
100/1000Bx 10/100BaseT 10/100BaseT

OUT IN
Class 1 Laser product

Fig. 9.11

118

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Female RJ45 connector for 10/100BaseTx Ethernet tributary


10/100BTx
Pin8

Pin1

Fig. 9.12

Front panel
Tab. 9.3

Pin

Function

Notes

TPTx+

TPTx

TPRx+

Termination network

Termination network

TPRx

Termination network

Termination network

M C ALS
C36058

1
6

B
EOW

Fig. 9.13

m W TEST

5
9

5
9

1
6

RS232

SCT

USER I/O & V11

MCU (Main Controller Unit) connectors

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

119

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for RS232 interface and PPP protocol

Tab. 9.4
Pin number

RS232 signal

NC

RX (IN)

TX (OUT)

GND

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for SCT/LCT connection

Tab. 9.5

120

Pin number

Signal

NC

RX (IN)

TX (OUT)

NC

GND

NC

NC

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

25 pin SUBD (high density type) male connector pinout for user I/O and V11 channel
pinout

Tab. 9.6
Pin number

USER IN/OUT

Rel 1 (1st contact)

Rel 2 (1st contact)

Rel 3 (1st contact)

Rel 4 (1st contact)

Rel 1 (2nd contact)

Rel 2 (2nd contact)

Rel 3 (2nd contact)

Rel 4 (2nd contact)

9/18/23/24/25/26

GND

10

Rx V11 (in)

11

Rx V11 (in+)

12

CK Rx V11 (out+)

13

CK Rx V11 (out)

14

CK Tx V11 (out+)

15

CK Tx V11 (out)

16

Tx V11 (out+)

17

Tx V11 (out)

19

User IN 1

20

User IN 2

21

User IN 3

22

User IN 4

1
10
19

Fig. 9.14

V11

9
18
26

Front view

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

121

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

M C ALS
C36089

10 Base T
R

m WTEST

2M

IN

1
6

5
9
RS232

1
6

5
9
USER I/O & V11

SCT

OUT

2 MHz synchronism

Fig. 9.15

SMCU (SDH Multiplexing and Main Controller Unit) connectors

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for RS232 interface and PPP protocol
Tab. 9.7
Pin number

RS232 signal

NC

RX (IN)

TX (OUT)

GND

9 pin SUBD male connector pinout for SCT/LCT connection


Tab. 9.8

122

Pin number

RS232 signal

NC

RX (IN)

TX (OUT)

NC

GND

NC

NC

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1.0/2.3 connectors for STM1 aggregate interfaces

C36062

LOS

OUT IN
West side

Fig. 9.16

LOS

OUT IN
East side

Front view

LC connectors for STM1 aggregate optical interfaces

LOS

C36063
ON

LOS
W

OUT IN
West side

ON

OUT IN
East side
Class 1 Laser product

Fig. 9.17

Front view

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

123

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Female connector type SUBD 15 pins for AUI Management interface


1

8
15

Fig. 9.18

Front view
Tab. 9.9

Pin number

Signal

Pin number

Signal

GND

CD

CD+

10

TXD

TXD+

11

GND

GND

12

RXD

RXD+

13

+12V

GND

14

GND

NC

15

NC

GND

Female RJ45 connector for 10BaseT management interface


Pin8

Pin1

Fig. 9.19
Tab. 9.10

124

Pin number

Signal

Transmitted data (+)

Transmitted data ()

Received data (+)

Not used

Not used

Received data ()

Not used

Not used

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

3W3 SUBD female connector for DC input battery

Fig. 9.20

Front view

Tab. 9.11 Power supply


Pin number

Signal

GND

GST3 DIN type male connector for AC main input

Fig. 9.21

Front view

Tab. 9.12
Pin description

Signal

Line
GND

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Neutral

125

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

1.0/2.3 connector for 34/45 Mbit/s (E3/T3) G.703 tributary


CHANNEL 1

CHANNEL 2

CHANNEL 3

C36079
LOS

Fig. 9.22

126

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Lineup

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

127

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

128

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

10

10.

10.1

EQUIPMENT LINEUP

GENERAL

Before putting the equipment into service it is advisable to perform checking mentioned here
below.

10.2

EQUIPMENT SWITCHON

Connect the 24/48/60 V battery or the main line to the appropriate power supply connectors.
Push the ON/OFF switch and check that green Led ON lights up.

10.3

1+0
TERMINAL
MULTIPLEXER
FUNCTIONALITY TEST

EQUIPMENT

Proceed as follows:

Setup the test bench of Fig. 10.1.

Perform a physical loop between the Tx/Rx of the STM1 West aggregate.

Connect a pattern generator/error detector to in/out connector number 9 of tributary


unit 1 (as example).

Connect the PC (where the SCT/LCT program has been installed) to LAN or RS232
interface port.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

129

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

Run the program


Warning: it is assumed that the SCT/LCT program is well known. Otherwise refer to
the program help online for details.

Open the menu Equipment and then LCT interface and then Synchronisation and
then set parameters.

Set T0 operation control in free running.

Open VC4 East/West window and then setting window.


Set the signal label to TUG structure and then press apply. Open window TUG3
setting and enable VC12 in any TUG3 structure.

Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows

Close the braker of line 9 then in VC12 setting windows assign the signal label of Tx
and Rx as asynchronous

Open the crossconnect window.

Setup the crossconnect matrix from VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 West


crossconnected to tributary 9.

Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows from LCT interface.

Press Details... and check that VC12 number 9 does not display any alarm and the
breaker is closed on the trib. line under test as shown in Fig. 10.4.

Perform a bit error rate measurement and check for no errors.

Tx

Rx

STM1
interface
West side
(LIU)

Tributary
interface
unit
Tributary
ports
Pattern/generator
error detector

Fig. 10.1

130

Management
interface
LAN or RS232
interface port
SCT/
LCT

1+0 terminal multiplexer bench setup

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

1.

TITOLO DEL CAPITOLO

CM.89012.I

CM.89012.I

10.4

1+1 OR DROPINSERT MULTIPLEXER EQUIPMENT


FUNCTIONALITY TEST

Proceed as follows:

Setup the test bench of Fig. 10.2.

Perform a physical loop between the two STM1 aggregates, East/West sides of the
LIU. The LIU R connections must be disconnected.

Connect a pattern generator/error detector to in/out connector number 9 of tributary


unit 1 (as example).

Connect the PC (where the SCT/LCT program has been installed) to LAN or RS232
interface port.

Run the program.


Warning: it is assumed that the SCT/LCT program is well known. Otherwise refer to
the program help online for details.

Open the menu Equipment and then LCT interface and then Synchronisation and
then set parameters.

Set T0 operation control in free running.

Open VC4 East/West window and then setting window.


Set the signal label to TUG structure and then press apply. Open window TUG3
setting and enable VC12 in any TUG3 structure.

Select tributaries and then 2 Mbit/s slot 1 setting windows.

Close the braker of line 9 then in VC12 setting windows assign the signal label of Tx
and Rx as asynchronous.

Open the crossconnect window.

Setup the crossconnect matrix as shown in Fig. 10.3.


Fig. 10.3 shows VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 West crossconnected to
tributary 9 as primary line while VC123/TUG23/TUG31/STM1 East
crossconnected as secondary line.
The darker colour into square P indicates the line in service.

Select tributary and then PPI setting windows from LCT interface.

Press Details... of PPI 19 and check that VC12 number 9 does not display any alarm
and the breaker is closed on the trib. line under test as shown in Fig. 10.4.

Perform a bit error rate measurement and check for no errors.

Remove cable from Rx side of STM1, west side.

Check the changeover from primary line to secondary line. The changeover is
indicated by the change of colour density. The darker colour into square S indicates
the line in service.

If wished, repeat the same test by crossconnecting other VC12s and change the
position of pattern generator to another tributary line.

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10.5

LASER FUNCTIONALITY TEST

10.5.1 Switchon procedure

Connect Tx West (East) to Rx West (East) as shown in Fig. 10.5.

Run SCT/LCT program and look for STM1 East/West window.

Click on STM1 West (East) of LCT program until window of Fig. 10.6 is displayed.

Set Automatic Shutdown to auto mode.

Check that Leds ACT West and East are ON.

In case of opposite situation is shown, wait for expiration of x time present in Auto Restart
Time box (range from 60 to 300 sec.).
Note: The laser is switched on every x seconds for 2 seconds thus permitting the opposite side
laser to receive and consequently the two transmitters to be switched on.
If faster laser switchon is required, set automatic shut down to manual mode and then press
restart to send immediately the switchon control.
Note: If laser power measurement is required, set automatic shutdown to test mode, preset
test time from 2 to 100 sec. and then press Restart to activate the test.

10.5.2 Automatic laser shutdown check

132

Set automatic shutdown to auto mode

Remove the optical cable from Rx West (East) side the optical cable and check that
Led ACT goes off.

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Tx

Rx

Tx
STM1
interface
East side
(LIU)

STM1
interface
West side
(LIU)

Tributary
interface
unit
Tributary
ports
Pattern/generator
error detector

Fig. 10.2

Rx

Management
interface
LAN or RS232
interface port
SCT/
LCT

Bench setup

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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Fig. 10.3

134

Crossconnect matrix setup

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Line under test

Fig. 10.4

Fig. 10.5

Tributary line setup

West Side

East Side

Tx

Tx

Rx

Rx

Laser functionality test

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Fig. 10.6

136

Laser facilities

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Maintenance

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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138

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

11

11.

11.1

MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES

GENERAL

Maintenance normally consists of two steps:

periodical checks

corrective.

Periodical checks have the purpose to verify the equipment performances in absence of alarm
condition.
This can be done by connecting the SCT/LCT program to the supervision ports and then run
the G.826 performances made over the SOH (bytes B1/B2/M1) and over any individual VC12
path (BIP2 of VC5).
This checks can be also done through the NMS5UX system permanently connected in the
network to be supervised.

Corrective maintenance takes place as soon as one or more alarm conditions are in existence.
The sequence of operation to be carried out is shown in Fig. 11.1.

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IN THE STATION

IN THE MAINTENANCE CENTER

START

Activation of one or more


alarm indicators on the
equipment front or displayed
by the connected software
programs: (SCT/LCT
or NMS5UX)

Location of the faulty module


(see document Troubleshooting)

Request of unit
replacement
Withdrawal of the
spare unit

Replacement of the faulty unit


with the spare one and unit
realignment if necessary

NO

Has
the alarm
indication
disappeared?

YES

Normal condition
restored

Forwarding of the faulty module

to the repair center

Fig. 11.1

140

Flow diagram: Corrective maintenance

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

12

12.

12.1

UNIT REPLACEMENT

UNIT REPLACEMENT

The correct procedure for unit replacement is described in this chapter.


LIU, Tributary interface units (TIU), MIU

Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit.

Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles

Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards.

Check by SCT that the inserted unit has been located by the system.

SMU

Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit.

Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles

Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards.
Check that Red Led is ON and after about 10 sec. is OFF.

Check by SCT that the inserted unit has been located by the system.

MCU, SMCU

Disconnect all external cables from the faulty unit.

Extract the faulty unit by means of special handles

Insert the spare unit, push until the front panel is aligned with the other cards.
Wait for the start of unit (about 1 minute) than by SCT configure again the new unit like
the one before replaced (if necessary by downloading of a saved configuration).
Check that configuration is correct, then activate the unit by SCT> equipment > start
> start application (the status mark must switch from red to green).

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142

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

13

13.

13.1

ACCESSORIES

LIST AND USE OF ACCESSORIES

To make easier the use of the accessories, their detailed explanation and use on the equipment
are here below provided.
Tab. 13.1
SIAE code

Accessories

F15056
LC/LC

Use
Optical fibre cable for local
loop S.11, L.11, L.12

L=3m

F15055
LC/LC

Optical fibre cable for local


loop I1
L=3m

F15041
(FCPC/LC)
MULTIMODE

Optical fibre cable for connecting opticalinterface


equipment to instruments
with FCPC connections
L=3m

F15039
(FCPC/LC)
SINGLEMODE
L=3m

F20154
1.0/2.3/BNC
L=3m

F03365

Cable for measurement on


2 Mbit/s 75 Ohm tributary
channels or STM1 electrical interface
26pin cable for measurements on 2 Mbit/s, 120
Ohm tributary channels

L = 2.5 m

Z17659

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Tool for tributary 75 Ohm


cable extraction

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144

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

14

14.

14.1

TROUBLESHOOTING

GENERAL

An abnormal operating condition occurs whenever one of the following alarm condition: critical
major, minor and warning is activated on the front (see Fig. 14.1, Fig. 14.2 and Fig. 14.3) or
displayed by the managers SCT/NMS5UX.
Investigation must be made in order to discover if cause of faulty/degradation is attributed to the
equipment or is external to the equipment. In case of equipment failure, it is necessary to locate
the faulty unit and replace it with spare.
Warning: if the controller unit is faulty the equipment configuration must be loaded as per
procedure of chapter 15, par. 3.

14.2

FAULT LOCATION

The best and reliable method of investigation consists of the alarm root processing.
To the purpose proceed as follows:

run the SCT program

perform the connection to the network through the SCT

select the alarmed unit

select menu Equipment and then View current alarms

Fig. 14.4 will be shown and the current alarm roots will be displayed.
All the traps (alarm roots) are grouped in equipment functionalities in order to make the
investigation easy. The traps grouped into PPI group alarms, sets group alarms, STM1 group
alarms, generally indicates external alarms not given by the equipment.
The Unit alarm grouping indicates an equipment faulty unit.
The faulty unit must be replaced with spare.

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

145

11

16
USER I/O & V11

11

11
SCT

2M
11

1
2M

ALARM AREA

16

16

12

11

1
RS232

2M
11

Warning

11

12

m W TEST

C36064

C36056

11

2M

Minor
Manual
operator

LOS

16

TEST
W m

ALS
C

16

12

11

2M

EOW

11

16

12

11

C36058

C36056

2M

Reset P

11

12

Automatic (laser)
shut down disabled

11

2M

C36054

M C ALS

ACT

16

C36054
LOS

11

12

C36054

Working condition

Card fail

C36064

11

2M

C36054

Major

LOS

16

C36054

Critical

2M

11

2M

12

C36054

ON

C36054
ACT

LOS

ON

C36054
TX RX

Power ON

C36050
10 Base T

146
12

Fig. 14.1
+

C36050

LOS (Loss Of STM1 Signal)


* ON laser ON (optional unit)

LAN
activity

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C36060

Alarm indications for ADM1 4RU version

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

11

TEST
W m

ALS
C M
EOW

A
B

C36058

C36056

Warning

16

Minor
m W TEST

Reset P

ALARM AREA

RS232

ACT

12
SCT

Manual
operator

Automatic (laser)
shut down disabled

TX

RX

TX

Working condition

Card fail

Major

12

Critical

ACT

11

Power ON

ON

LAN activity

ON

M C ALS

USER I/O & V11

1
C36054

11

Reset

C36063

2M

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004


16

2M

1
11

C36056

11
16

ACT

11

16

12
C36054

C36054

11
12

C36054

C36060

Fig. 14.2
ACT

Loss of STM1 signal


Laser ON (optical unit)

11

C36063

LOS
ON

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Alarm indications for ADM1 2RU version

147

11

12

Warning

16

Minor
ALARM AREA

m W TEST

11

Manual
operator

Automatic (laser)
shut down disabled

Power ON

ON

Major

ACT

16

Critical

M C ALS

1
ACT

RS232

12

Loss of STM1 signal


Laser ON (optical unit)

C36063

C36058

148
TEST
W m

11

LOS
ON

SCT

EOW

1
C36054

USER I/O & V11

ALS
C M

Fig. 14.3
11

C36054

C36063

Reset P

1.

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Alarm indications for ADM1 1RU version

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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Fig. 14.4

Equipment current alarm

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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150

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

15

15.

15.1

PROCEDURES TO BACKUP THE


FULL EQUIPMENT
CONFIGURATION

GENERAL

The full equipment configuration backup is used in case of replacement of faulty controller unit
with spare. The equipment configuration download permits to restore the equipment original
operating condition.
Warning: As soon as the download has been executed and the new parameters stored in the
controller MIB it is necessary to proceed for their activation in the following way:
1.

run the SCT program

2.

from Subnetwork Craft Terminal window select menu Equipment and then LCT
Interface until Add Drop Multiplexer window is displayed.

3.

Select row Equipment from Equipment View until Equipment window is displayed.

4.

From Equipment select Start and Start Applications to finish.

15.2

CONFIGURATION UPLOAD

Foreword: It is advisable to upload the configuration during the first installation. Proceed as
follows by using the SCT/LCT software program:
1.

Select Equipment Configuration Wizard from menu Tools; Equipment


Configuration Wizard window will be displayed.

2.

Select Upload and then Backup Full Equipment Configuration; Template


Selection window will be displayed.

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3.

Select the correct equipment template (in case of uncorrected choice the backup will
be aborted).

4.

Press OK and then select the equipment to be uploaded from Upload Configuration
File window.

5.

Press OK and then edit the file name from Save backup as window.

6.

Press Save; Equipment Configuration Wizard: Complete Backup window will appear.
The window shows dynamically the backup procedure. If everything is OK, at the end
of the upload will appear the word done showing the procedure success.

7.

15.3

Press OK to finish.

CONFIGURATION DOWNLOAD

Once the spare basic shelf has been installed proceed as follows:
1.

Select Equipment Configuration Wizard from menu Tools. Equipment


Configuration Wizard window will be displayed.

2.

Select Download and then Restore Full Equipment Configuration


Equipment Configuration Wizard.
Select Backup File window will be displayed.

3.

Select the wanted backup file with extension .bku you are looking for and then press
Open. Download Configuration File window will be displayed.

4.

Select the equipment to download and then press OK; Equipment Configuration
Wizard: Complete restore window will be displayed.
This window shows dynamically the download operation.
The word done indicates that download has been successfully.

5.

Press OK to finish.

from

Warning: In case of addresses change it is necessary to restart the equipment.

152

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Programming and
supervision

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154

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

16

16.

16.1

EQUIPMENT PROGRAMMING AND


SUPERVISION

GENERAL

The ADM equipment has been designed to be easily programmed and supervised. To the
purpose the following software programs can be used:

SCT/LCT: management and supervision of an IP/OSI subnetwork consisting of up to


100 SIAE network elements

NMS5UX: management and supervision of an IP/OSI network consisting of SIAE


network elements

For program details refer to the corresponding documentation. SCT/LCT documentation is


available as help online.

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156

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

Section

Composition

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158

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

17

17.

17.1

EQUIPMENT COMPOSITION

GENERAL

ADM1 is a very flexible and modular platform that can be used


terminal/linearadddrop/ringadddrop applications, either as 1+0 or 1+1 multiplexer.

for

The ADM1 consists of a 19 compatible subrack available in three different mechanical


versions.

ADM1 4RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU
or
TIU TSU

Fig. 17.1

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU TSU

TIU
or
TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

17.2

ADM1 4RU version

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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The ADM1 4 RU version shelf can house the following units:

eight tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1,
STM1, E3/T3 or Ethernet)

two power supply unit (PSU main and reserve)

one management interface unit (MIU) (optional)

two SDH multiplexing unit (SMU main and reserve) SMU modules include SDH
processing and crossconnect functionality

one main controller unit (MCU) MCU module includes the main system CPU and
provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms IN/OUT

two line interface unit (LIU main and reserve) LIU modules provide STM1 or STM4
aggregate traffic interfaces

two tributary switch unit (TSU) TSU modules provide tributary (STM1, E3/T3,
Ethernet) traffic protection switch

17.2.1 ADM1 4RU version configuration list


Depending on the equipping of the common parts, the ADM1 can be configured as shown in
the following table.

160

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Tab. 17.1
Configurations

MCU

LIUM

LIUR

SMUM

SMUR

TIU
2 Mb/s
(E1)

TIU 34/45 TSU


Mb/s,
STM1 Eth
STM1,

Unprotected
1+0 terminal multiplexer (see Fig. 17.2)

1+0 double terminal


multiplexer with up to
63 E1 (see Fig. 17.2)

1+0 double terminal


multiplexer with up to
126
E1
(see
Fig. 17.3)

1+0 dropinsert with


up to 63 E1 (see
Fig. 17.2)

1+0 dropinsert with


up
to
126 E1
(seeFig. 17.3)

Protected
1+1 terminal multiplexer with line protection (see Fig. 17.2)

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line and


equipment protection
(see Fig. 17.5)

1+1 terminal multiplexer with line, equipment and tributary


protection
(see
Fig. 17.6)

1+1 dropinsert with


line protection (see
Fig. 17.4)

1+1 with dropinsert


with line and equipement protection (see
Fig. 17.5)

1+1 dropinsert with


line, equipment and
tributary protection
(see Fig. 17.6)

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The power supply (PSU) can be duplicated (for redundancy) in all the above mentioned
configurations.

Cover Cover Cover Cover


or
or
or
or
TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover
Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet

Fig. 17.2

Additional E1

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet

Fig. 17.3

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Cover Cover Cover Cover


or
or
or
or
TIU

TIU

TIU

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

up to 63E1

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet

Fig. 17.4
Additional E1

TIU
or
TIU

up to 63E1

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or
TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet

Fig. 17.5

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004

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Additional E1

TIU

TIU

TIU
or
TIU

up to 63E1

TIU
or

TSU TIU

TIU
or
TIU

TIU
or

TSU TIU

Cover

TIU

Cover

TIU

E3/T3, STM1, Ethernet


(redundancy with switch)

Fig. 17.6

164

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17.3

ADM1 2RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU or TU cover

TIU or TU cover
TIU

TIU

Fig. 17.7

TIU or TU cover
TIU

TIU or TU cover
TIU

SMU

LIU
LIU

PSUM
PSUM

MCU

MIU
MIU

PSUR
PSUR

ADM1 2RU version

The ADM1 2 RU version shelf can house the following units:

four tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1,
STM1, E3/T3 or Ethernet)

two power supply unit (PSU main and reserve)

one management interface unit (MIU)

one SDH multiplexing unit (SMU) SMU modules include SDH processing and
crossconnect functionality

one main controller unit (MCU) MCU module includes the main system CPU and
provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms IN/OUT

one line interface unit (LIU) LIU modules provide STM1 or STM4 aggregate traffic
interfaces

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17.3.1 ADM1 2RU version configuration list


With the same common part equipment the ADM1 can be configured as shown in the following
table:
Tab. 17.2
MCU

Configurations

LIU

SMU

TIU
2 Mb/s
(E1)

34/45 Mb/s,
STM1, Eth

Unprotected
1+0 terminal multiplexer
with up to 63 E1
(see Fig. 17.8)
1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 63 E1
(see Fig. 17.8)

1+0 dropinsert with up to


63 E1 (see Fig. 17.8)
Protected
1+1 terminal multiplexer
with line protection
(see Fig. 17.8)

The power supply (PSU) can be duplicated for redundancy.

Up to 63xE1 or
34/45 Mbit/s,
STM1, Eth
TIU or TU cover

TIU or TU cover

TIU

Fig. 17.8

166

TIU or TU cover
TIU

TIU

TIU or TU cover
TIU

SMU

LIU

PSUM

MCU

MIU

PSUR

ADM1 2RU version

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17.4

ADM1 1RU MECHANICAL LAYOUT

TIU or

cover

TIU or

TIU

Fig. 17.9

cover
TIU

ADM1 1RU version

The ADM1 1 RU version shelf can house the following units:

two tributary interface unit (TIU) TIU modules include tributary traffic interfaces (E1,
STM1, E3/T3 or Ethernet)

one power supply unit

one SDH multiplexing and main controller unit (SMCU) SMCU modules include:

SDH processing and crossconnect functionality

the main system CPU and provides Service channels, LCT access and alarms
IN/OUT

one line interface unit (LIU) LIU modules provide STM1 aggregate traffic interfaces

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17.4.1 ADM1 1RU version configuration list


With the same common part equipment, the ADM1 can be configured as shown in the following
table.
Tab. 17.3
PSU

Configurations

LIU

SMCU

TIU
2 Mb/s
(E1)

34/45 Mb/s,
STM1, Eth

Unprotected
1+0 terminal multiplexer
with up to 32 E1 (see
Fig. 17.10)
1+0 double terminal multiplexer with up to 32 E1
(see Fig. 17.10)

1+0 dropinsert with up to


32 E1 (see Fig. 17.10)
Protected
1+1 terminal multiplexer
with line protection (see
Fig. 17.10)

Up to 32 x E1 or
34/45 Mbit/s,
STM1, Eth
TIU or

cover

TIU or

TIU

Fig. 17.10

168

cover
TIU

ADM1 RU version

ADM1 MN.00114.E 004