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1 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date

For internal use


RAN Equipment
2 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Objective
This session describes the RAN network elements with all their units and
functionalities
The aim of the session is to see and to understand how a signal flows
through all entities, units and interfaces which are important for
transmission planning
This module includes description of
UltraSite WCDMA BTS
AXC
Flexi WCDMA BTS
RNC
RNC196
RNC450
Also short introduction to equipment used in the Hybrid backhaul solution
Tellabs 8600
hiD 3100
3 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Ultra site WCDMA BTS and AXC
4 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
WCDMA Base Station Family
UltraSite
Optima Compact
Outdoor
UltraSite
Supreme
Indoor Outdoor Indoor Outdoor
Multimode
UltraSite
EDGE BTS
In-/Outdoor
Flexi BTS
(RAS5.1)
Nokia
AIR
Indoor
coverage
All Nokia WCDMA Base Stations delivered are HSDPA and HSUPA HW ready
Indoor
In-/Outdoor
Metro-
Site50
5 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Transmission Units within Ultra BTS Cabinet
IFU
IFU
IFU
W
S
P
WSM
WAF
WTR
WPA
WSM
WAF
WTR
WPA
WSM
WAF
WTR
WPA
WAM
WAM
WCI
IFU
WSC
WSC
Iub
WAF
WTR
WPA
WAF
WTR
WPA
WAF
WTR
WPA
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
A
X
U

1

2
I FU 14
RF
WAM WSP association:
Configuration depends on operator policy
Trade off between efficiency & security
1 subrack can have up to 2 WAMs
1 WAM handles up to 3 WSPs
WSP configuration:
WSPs provide Baseband capacity for Ultrasite BTS
All traffic is distributed among available WSPs
New call assigned to least loaded WSP
Amount of WSP cards depends on expected traffic
Interesting for Transmission:
WSP, WAM, AXC
AXU
AXU
6 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
WSP - WCDMA Signaling Processing Unit in the
Ultra site BTS
As the name WSP describes, it is responsible for signal processing
All traffic coming from the RF part is pooled and distributed roughly
constantly among all available WSP units in the entire Ultra site BTS
The Resource Management takes care for most possible efficient usage of
available WSP capacity
WSP performs a lot of UL&DL functions, such as
RX and TX code channel processing
Encoding/decoding and fast closed loop power control
Spectrum spreading and Modulation
CRC checking
There are 2 different kinds of WSP units existing
Old: WSPA, with 32 CE, consisting of four DSP modules with 8 CE each
New: WSPC, with 64 CE, without DSP environment, hence more flexible call
allocation
Any mixed configuration within Ultra BTS is possible!
7 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
The WSP Channel Elements
Different services require a different amount
of Hardware Channels on the WSP card
Hardware Channel (HWCh) are also known as
Channel Element (CE)
All needed capacity for a specific service
must be allocated on the same WSP card
No channel splitting via different cards, also
not under the same WAM
In case of insufficient availability call request
will be downgraded or rejected
If all types of WSP units were installed in the
same WBTS the CCH allocation would follow
this priority:
1) All CCHs to WSPA
2) WSPC if WSPA fully loaded or does not
exist
For all HSDPA connections the associated UL-
Channel requires CEs as well
DCH or HSUPA
(* HSDPA allocation depends on the number of HS-
PDSCH codes and schedulers per BTS
Module 2 Features for more detailed information
WSP Type CEs
WSPA 32
WSPC 64
Bearer (Kbps) CEs required
AMR voice 1
16 1
32 2
64 4
128 4
256 8
384 16
HSUPA Min 8
HSDPA Min 32 (*
WSP
Type
Cells CEs
required for
CCHs
WSPA 8 per cell
WSPC 1 - 3 16
8 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
WAM - WCDMA Application Manager
Pooled Baseband Section
Transmission
Section
A WAM unit has three functional blocks:
Control block performs all O&M and Telecom functions
Interface block (BTS internal bus connection)
ATM block to terminate all ATM connections
All WAM units perform
Telecom control functions
Logical resource management
ATM processing
Transport channel frame protocol processing.
Master WAM-unit takes care of the control functions
on BTS cabinet level. Those include e.g.
BTS initialization
Temperature control
Configuration
O&M processing
Behaviour in case of failure:
Any of the Slave WAMs detects the missing Master WAM.
New Master-WAM election starts between remaining Primary WAMs (WAMs in slot Nr.0)
New selected Master WAM resets BTS
After BTS reset a new Master WAM exists during start-up and all Slave WAMs know their role
during start-up
Note: WSP cards corresponding to defect WAM will be taken out of traffic pool
IFU
IFU
IFU
W
S
P
WSM
WSM
WSM
WAM
WAM
IFU
W
S
P
W
S
P
WAM
AXU
AXU
Primary WAMs
Secondar
y WAMs
9 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC One for all Cabinets
Fully integrated into Nokia WCDMA base stations and Triple-Mode Nokia UltraSite
EDGE base stations
Interconnects and multiplexes the traffic from different sectors of the BTS
Capable of cross-connecting traffic between other BTSs and the RNC
2
slots
4
slots
6
slots
4
slots
Nokia UltraSite
WCDMA BTS
Optima Compact
Nokia UltraSite
WCDMA BTS
Supreme
Nokia
UltraSite
WCDMA BTS
Optima
Nokia
MetroSite
WCDMA BTS
Nokia
MetroSite 50
BTS
2
slots
Triple-mode
Nokia UltraSite
EDGE BTS
2
slots
S-AXC
(Standalone AXC)
(Number of unit slots in AXC
node)
2 x 6 slots
10 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC - Main Functionality
Virtual Path (VP) and Virtual Channel (VC) cross-connect device for semi-permanent
ATM connections
Maximum bidirectional ATM switching capacity is 1.2 Gbps
Maximum number of simultaneous ATM cross-connections is 1000
Maximum number of 32 ATM interfaces (plain interfaces or IMA groups)
Usage of IMA is recommended to make best use of resources
ATM Service categories
CBR and UBR
UBR+ [ASW, RAS06]
Max. VPI bits: 8 (default 4)
Max. VCI bits: 12 (default 7)
Total VPI/VCI bits: 13
Other main features and functions:
ATM over Fractional E1/T1/JT1 [ASW]
Circuit Emulation Services - CES [ASW]
SDH interface protection using MSP1:1 [ASW]
AXC ATM interface oversubscription [ASW, RAS05.1]
BTS AAL2 Multiplexing [ASW, only on AXUB and AXCC/D]
Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (IMA)
11 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC Building blocks
AXUA/B: ATM Cross Connection Unit
ATM Cross-connect and AAL2 Switch Fabric
Local Management Port and Clock Distribution Circuitry
IP router for Management Traffic (DCN)
Master unit which controls the node
AXUB is exactly the same like AXUA but with AAL2 Multiplexing Module
AAM)
IFUx: Interface Units (See following slides)
Provides physical connection to the network
Several types of interfaces and physical media supported
AXCC/D: AXC Compact
AXUB and IFUA/D units integrated into one 2-slot unit
Can be combined with IFUG and IFUH only
S-AXC: Standalone AXC sub-rack
Contains two 6-slot cartridges that can each be equipped
with 1 AXUB and up to 5 IFUx
Protected power supply (DC-PIU)
Fan units
12 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC Interface units
IFUA: E1 / T1 / JT1 interface unit with optional IMA
8 interfaces to leased lines or microwave radios
Each interface can be configured separately as E1, T1 or JT1
Nokia 2G and 3G BTS co-siting
IFUC: STM-1 / VC 4 interface unit
3 interfaces to unstructured (VC4) ATM / SDH network
In S-AXC configurations on RNC site
MSP1:1
VC12 / VC4 conversion
E1 multiplexing to VC4
IFUE: Nokia Flexbus interface unit with optional IMA
3 interfaces with up to 16xE1,
Supports IMA up to 8 E1
Flexbus connection to Nokia PDH microwave radios and Nokia GSM/EDGE base
stations
2 Mbps cross-connections between Flexbus interfaces
Power feed for Nokia PDH microwave radio outdoor unit
IFUD: E1 interface unit with optional IMA
Like IFU A but has coaxial interfaces and supports only E1
13 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC Interface units (continued)
IFUF: STM-1 / VC 12 interface unit with optional IMA
1 interface to structured (VC12) SDH network
up to 63 x VC-12 can be terminated in AXC
These VC-12s can be distributed over a maximum of 16 IMA groups (with
up to 32 IMA links)
alternatively up to 16 plain VC-12s can be add/dropped to the AXC switch
fabric
Nokia 2G and 3G BTS co-siting
In S-AXC configurations on RNC site
VC12 / VC4 conversion
E1 multiplexing to VC12
IFUG: Ethernet Hub
8x 10BaseT Ethernet interfaces
Connects external equipment at BTS site to IP DCN
IFUH [RAS06]: Fast & Gigabit Ethernet interface unit
2 Fast and 1 Gigabit interface to Ethernet network
ATM over Ethernet technology to offload e.g. HSDPA traffic to Ethernet while
keeping non-HSDPA traffic on TDM interface
14 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
IFUH Unit in Detail
WCDMA Ultrasites path to ATM over Ethernet
Applicable with
AXUA / AXUB with all WCDMA BTS cabinets
AXCC / AXCD with exception of Metrosite / Metrosite50
Interfaces
2 x Fast Ethernet (FE)
1 x Gigabit Ethernet (GE)
SFP is optional
Interface capabilities
One interface, either any of the FEs or GE, is used for trunk
connectivity using ATM over Ethernet technology
Remaining interfaces can be used to e.g. aggregate
Ethernet traffic from other 3G BTS or 2G BTS
15 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC Compact
The AXC compact is the smaller version of
the AXC with
Limited capacity
Limited simultaneous connections
It consist of only one unit, which is a
combination of the AXU and 1 PDH-IFU
AXCC consists of AXU & IFU-A
AXCD consists of AXU & IFU-D
Most applicable in BTSs where not
multiple Iubs from other WBTS are
collected
No further interface unit (IFU) can be
added, except the IFU-G which has no
telecom functionality
Q1
ERC
Ejector
Ejector
LED
LMP
8 x
E1/JT1/T1
Q1
ERC
Ejector
Ejector
LED
LMP
8 x E1
16 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Stand-alone AXC (S-AXC)
S-AXC is technically exactly the same device like
the NodeB integrated AXC
S-AXC can be installed in a standard ETSI or 19-
inch rack or Nokia UltraSite Supreme/Optima site
support cabinet, and co-located with a BTS or RNC
site
Used for multiplexing and cross-connecting traffic
between different base stations and the RNC
Stand-alone AXC:
acts as an ATM traffic concentrator also in locations
other than BTSs sites (hub site)
functions as transmission interface converter
provides extra interfaces at BTS or RNC sites
provides 2G/3G traffic division on Core site when
CES is used
A
X
U
P
D
H
P
D
H
P
D
H
P
D
H
A
X
U
C F F F F
4x
VC12-
SDH in
3x
VC4-
SDH in
A
X
U
P
D
H
P
D
H
P
D
H
P
D
H
C A A A A
C A A A A
8x IMA
with 4
E1 in
SDH internal
connection
SDH-
VC4
out
8x IMA
with 4
E1 in
17 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC - Limitations
The following combinations of interfaces are possible:
Maximum number of physical STM-0/OC 1 interfaces 15
Maximum number of physical STM-1/OC 3-c interfaces 8
Remaining interfaces can be only STM-0
Maximum number of physical E1/JT1/T1 interfaces 40
Maximum number of Flexbus Interfaces 9
Maximum number of logical interfaces = 32 , when 12 VPI/VCI bits in use
Maximum number of logical interfaces = 14 , when 13 VPI/VCI bits in use
Note: Consider difference between physical and logical interfaces!
An IMA group with 4 E1 has
4 physical interfaces
1 logical interface
An STM-1 with VC3 has
1 physical interface
3 logical interfaces
An STM-1 with VC12 with 12 IMA groups of 5 E1 each has
1 physical interface
12 logical interfaces
18 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
AXC Protection Options
IFUC and IFUF interface protection
AXC supports MSP1:1
MSP1:1 with MSP1+1 compatibility is interoperable with MSP 1+1
implemented in Nokia RNC.
IFUF can be protected with another IFUF unit
With IFUC, protecting interfaces can be on the same or another IFUC
IFUE interface protection
IFU E: FB 1 and FB 2 can protect each other (Hot Standby)
IMA on all PDH-cards
19 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi WCDMA BTS
20 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi WCDMA BTS
One unified module product family for all site applications
the same modules for feederless and distributed BTS sites
Highest RF integration level
Best RF sensitivity
Lowest total power consumption
2100, 1700/2100, 850, 900, 1800 and 1900 MHz variants
GSM/EDGE and WCDMA/HSPA Modules
Future proof evolution to I-HSPA and LTE
Common site accessories (AC BBU module,
Transport, Cabinets)
Multimode
installation
Outdoor Floor installation Outdoor Pole installation Outdoor Wall installation
21 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi WCDMA BTS Main Building Blocks
RF Module Single
one sector with dual
carrier (optional
AC-DC converter
submodule)
System Module
incl. transport
sub-module
Incl. power
distribution
RF Module Dual
two sectors both
with dual carrier
Alternatives
the minimum BTS
configuration:
one RF Module and
one System Module
22 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
12 sector site
1+1 @ min. 40 W
2+2 @ min 20 W
Optional Outdoor cabinet
Flexible BTS Site evolution
ACDC
BBU
AC
Optional
Iub to RNC
Iub to BTS 2
Iub to BTS n
Iub to
BTS 1
Optional
Transmission
Hub
3 sector site
1+1+1 @ min 40 W
2+2+2 @ min 20 W
50 W
RF Module
BTS System
Module
2 x 50 W
RF Module
23 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Optional Outdoor cabinet
ACDC
BBU
AC
Optional
Iub to
BTS 1
Iub to RNC
Iub to BTS 2
Iub to BTS n
2 x 50 W
RF Module
3 sector site
2+2+2 @ min 40 W
or
4+4+4 @ min 20 W
or
6 sector site:
6 x 2 @ min 20 W
2 x 50
RF Module
to Complete BTS Site Solution
BTS System
Module
2 x 50
RF Module
2nd System Module
In Extension mode
Optional
Transmission
Hub
12 carriers
6 sectors
24 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi WCDMA System Module
All site level functions supported
Outdoor, -35 +55 C, IP55
1G Ethernet
EM & AUX
Optics to RF & BB
extension
Power distribution
EAC & clocks
Transport sub-module
25 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi WCDMA BTS HW Capacity Evolution
in Channel Elements (CE)
Release 1 HW, FSMB
1H/2008 2Q/2007 4Q/2006
New SM HW introduced SM chaining Release 1 HW SM
240 CE 240 CE
240 CE
240 CE
Release 2 HW, FSMD
Release 2 HW, FSMC
500 CE
240 CE
Other possible configurations
250 CE
500 CE
500 CE
500 CE 750 CE
750 CE
Release 2 HW, FSME
High capacity SM, if market need
Max.
1500 CE
240 CE
750 CE
750 CE
26 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Channel Elements Consumption
Different services require a different
amount Channel Elements (CE)
If more than 240 CEs are required,
additional system module is added
(Release 1 HW)
For all HSDPA connections the
associated UL-Channel requires CEs as
well
DCH or HSUPA
(* HSDPA CE allocation depends on the number
of HS-PDSCH codes and schedulers per BTS
Module 2 Features for more detailed
information
System Module CEs
FSMB 240
Bearer (Kbps) CEs required
AMR voice 1
16 1
32 2
64 4
128 4
256 8
384 16
HSUPA Min 8
HSDPA Min 32 (*
System
Module
Cells CEs required
for CCHs
FSMB 1 - 3 26
FSMB 4 - 6 52
27 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Transport Sub-module Types
FTPB 8xE1 FTEB 8x E1
FTOA STM
FTFA Flexbus
FTIA 4xE1 + Ethernet for Hybrid Iub
28 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Transport Sub-module Details
Sub-module
type
Interface No of Ifs per sub-
module
Notes
FTPB E1/T1/JT1 8 ATM over PDH (symmetrical),
IMA
FTEB E1 8 ATM over PDH (symmetrical),
IMA
FTOA STM-1/OC-3 1 ATM over SDH
FTFA Flexbus 2 ATM over n x E1, IMA
FTIA E1/T1/JT1
Ethernet
4 x E1/T1/JT1
2 x 10/100Base-TX
1 x optical Gigabit
Ethernet (opt.)
ATM over PDH
(symmetrical), IMA
ATM over Ethernet
Opt. GE requires SFP
FTJ A E1
Ethernet
4 x E1
2 x 10/100Base-TX
1 x optical Gigabit
Ethernet (opt.)
ATM over PDH
(asymmetrical), IMA
ATM over Ethernet
Opt. GE requires SFP
29 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Flexi BTS sets new references
Operator savings:
Less cooling, electricity, battery back-up,..
Significant OPEX savings
Site acquisition, planning and construction
savings
BTS installation time 1/3 of traditional
site
Light weight
One man can carry and install
-80%
Small size
If man can go to site BTS can go
-
80%
Power consumption
Less than half
-60%
Macro BTS performance and
capacity with:
30 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RNC
31 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RNC architecture: F
RNC architecture: Functional diagram of
the RNC
I nterface Functions
NIP 1, NIS 1
Switching Functions
MXU, SFU, A2SU
Control Functions
ICSU, RRMU, RSMU,
OMU, NEMU
Signal Processing
GTPU, DMCU
System Functions
TBU
Peripheral devices
MDS, WDU
Ethernet
100Base-TX
RRMU
ICSU
RSMU
OMU
WDU
NEMU
MDS
MXU
0-0
0-1
NIS1
A2SU
GTPU
NIP1
SFU
MXU
2-0
2-1
MXU
1-0
1-1
DMCU
ICSU
GTPU
A2SU
NIP1
DMCU
ICSU
GTPU
A2SU
NIP1
MXU
3-0
3-1
DMCU
ICSU
GTPU
A2SU
NIP1
TBU
NIU Network Interface Unit
A2SU AAL2 Switching Unit
DMCU Data processing & Macro diversity
Combining Unit
GTPU GPRS Tunneling Protocol Unit
ICSU Interface Control and SignallingUnit
RRMU Radio Resource Management Unit
RSMU Resource and Switch Management
Unit
NEMU Network Element Management Unit
32 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Control Plane - Permanent Signaling links
Interface Control and Signaling Unit (ICSU)
Example an incoming NBAP message is routed
within the RNC
Signaling messages sent from the RNC to the BTS
travel in the reverse order.
All internal communication within the RNC is
routed via the ATM switching fabric (SFU)
The signals are usually routed through multiplexers
(MXU), except when they are carried via SDH
network interface units (NIS1).
ICSU Functions:
Layer 3 signaling protocols RANAP, NPAB, RNSAP,
RRC and SABP
Transport network level signaling protocol ALCAP
Handover control
Admission control
Load control
Power control
Packet scheduler control
Location calculations for location based services
Redundancy: N+1
33 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Control Plane Common Control Channels
Example An uplink Random Access Channel RACH is
processed in the RNC
The message is transmitted from the user equipment,
traverses the base transceiver station and arrives at the
RNC via a PDH network interface unit (NIP1)
Since the signaling data between the RNC and user
equipment is always carried over AAL2 connections, it
must first be demultiplexed in an AAL2 switching unit
A2SU
Next, the signaling data is sent to a signal processing
unit called DMCU (Data and Macro Diversity
Combining Unit) where protocol processing is carried
out. Following protocols are terminated in this functional
unit:
Frame Protocol FP
Medium Access Control MAC
Radio Link Control RLC
Finally, the actual signaling message RRC message
is sent to the signaling unit where it is processed.
34 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Control Plane Common Control Channels
A2SU Functions:
Terminates the AAL2-protocol and sends the data to
the accordant units (DMCU/NIU) for further
processing
Handles AAL2 CPS minipacket switching
Assembles and disassembles ATM cells
Redundancy: SN+
DMCU Functions:
AAL2 termination
WCDMA L1 functions (MDC, OLPC)
MAC, RLC and PDCP functions
Frame Protocol processing
GTP termination
Encryption
Redundancy: SN+
35 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Control Plane Dedicated Control Channels
Example DCCH - Dedicated Control Channel via
two RNCs (Iub, IUr)
In the case of a DCCH, it is possible that the signaling
data is carried between the RNC and user equipment
via two or more radio links in parallel
With the Iub interface, the signaling data is routed to a
signal processing unit (DMCU) as shown previously.
The Iur interface must be routed to the same signal
processing unit (DMCU) via an AAL2 switching unit
(A2SU).
Both branches undergo Frame Protocol processing in
the signal processing unit (DMCU), after which
macrodiversity combining is performed
Signal with the highest quality is selected and sent to
the signaling unit (ICSU) for further processing.
36 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
User Plane Signaling Between UE and CS-CN
Example - Data flow in the user plane, starting with
circuit switched user data
User data is carried between the user equipment and the RNC
via two radio links in parallel (SRNC, DRNC)
SRNC Iub interface, the user data is routed to a signal
processing unit (DMCU) via an AAL2 switching unit (A2SU).
The user data received via the DRCN Iur interface must be
routed to the same signal processing unit (DMCU) also in
this case via an AAL2 switching unit (A2SU)
Both branches undergo Frame Protocol processing in the
signal processing unit (DMCU), after which macrodiversity
combining is performed and the selected signal undergoes
some further MAC and RLC protocol processing.
One important task of the MAC protocol layer is decryption of
the encrypted user data. This is a processing intensive task
that only the signal processing unit (DMCU) is capable of
performing.
After macrodiversity combining in the signal processing unit
(DMCU), the signal with the highest quality is selected and
sent via an AAL2 switching unit (A2SU) where AAL2 layer
multiplexing is performed and via an SDH-based network
interfacing unit (NIS1) over the Iu-CS interface towards the
Mobile Switching Center.
In the downlink direction, the data flow is in the reverse order.
In the signal processing unit (DMCU), the signal is encrypted
and sent with some outer loop power control information via
the parallel radio links to the user equipment.
37 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
User Plane Signaling Between UE and PS-CN
Example - Data flow in the user plane,
starting with packet switched user data
In the case of packet user data transport over a
dedicated channel (DCH) as shown in the
figure the processing is identical to the
processing of circuit-switched user data, only in
this case we have assumed that both branches
are via the Iub interface.
After macrodiversity combining and decrypting
in the signal processing unit (DMCU), the
packet data is sent to GTPU (GPRS
Tunnelling Protocol Unit) instead of an A2SU
unit.
The GTPU performs IP and UDP protocol
processing and guides the packet data into the
correct GTP tunnel, after which it is sent via an
SDH network interface to the SGSN.
38 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Network Interface
NIU Network Interface Unit
It processes the physical layer and ATM layer of the incoming/outgoing signal.
NIP: 16 x PDH-IF per unit
Supports IMA functionality
Only one optional card available in RNC450
NIS: 4 x SDH-IF per unit
One interface can protect another one for interface and link protection with MSP1+1
2 adjacent units can be used for interface, link and card (NIU) protection
Provides STM-1 and STM-0
Can be configured as NIS1P to use 2N protection
GTPU (GPRS Tunneling Protocol Unit)
Facilitates RNC connections towards the SGSN with functions like Routing based
on GTP tunnel ID, UDP/IP protocol termination
Theoretical throughput processing capacity: 25 Mbps
Max. 6 units
Redundancy: SN+, Load sharing
39 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Multiplexer and Switching Fabric Units
MXU
It multiplexes and demultiplexes signals between several NIUs and other
functional units
Enables connections between SFU and low-bit-rate units
Performs mux/demux of ATM cells and ATM layer management and
processing functions
Redundancy: 2N
SFU: Main Switch Fabric of RNC
Operates according to a non-blocking principle
Supports P2P & P2MP connection topologies and differentiated handling
of various ATM service categories
Switching capacity 10 Gbps
Redundancy: 2N
40 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RNC196/ 1to5 - RNC Capacity Steps in RAS05
Capacity limits of RNC196 / steps 1..5
Capacity limits of RNC196 / steps 1..5
With RAS05 GCD01 HSDPA the HSDPA
capacities will be the following (Max DMCU pool)
Config. Connectivity
R99 Iub /
HSDPA
Mbit/s
AMR
Erlangs
Number of
BTSs
supported
Carriers AAL2UP
R99 no pool/
HSDPA with
max pool size
R99 no pool/
HSDPA with
max pool size
R99 no pool /
HSDPA with
max pool size
Mbit/s Max
number
of the
cards
Nbr of int
unprot. /
(Protected)
Max
number
of the
cards
Nbr of int
unprotected
1 48 / 16 1300 128 / 48 384 / 144 400 4 16 / (8+8) 4 64
2 85 / 33 2700 192 / 96 576 / 288 550 4 16 / (8+8) 6 96
3 122 / 50 4000 256 / 144 768 / 432 700 4 16 / (8+8) 8 128
4 159 / 75 5400 320 / 216 960 / 648 850 4 16 / (8+8) 10 160
5 196 / 100 6800 384 / 288 1152 / 864 1000 4 16 / (8+8) 12 192
Traffic capacity Interfaces
RNC196
/step
STM-1 /OC-3 E1/ T1
Config Step 1 2 3 4 5
HSDPA (Mbps) 28 57 86 129 173
1 2
3
4
5
41 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS05 GCD02 - AAL2UP connectivity upgrade
AL2S-D is new HW variant used for A2SU functional unit. It
supports more AAL2 connectivity than the earlier HW variant
AL2S-B.
AAL2 connectivity can be increased by upgrading all AL2S-B
units to AL2S-D
Capacity
step
Old AAL2
connectivity
(AL2S-B)
[Mbit/s]
New AAL2
connectivity
(AL2S-D)
[Mbit/s]
1 400 950
2 550 1450
3 700 1950
4 850 2400
5 1000 2800
1
RN2.2 only
AAL2 connectivity defines the total
size of the AAL2 VC connections in
Iu, Iur and Iu-CS .
Due to HSDPA there is need to
increase the AAL2 VCC sizes in Iub
SW support available in RN2.1
GCD02
42 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS05 GCD02 - SDH connectivity upgrade
Four additional NI4S1-B units can be
included in cabinet A
The upgrade packet includes the additional
NI4S1-B units and the backplane cablings
The total amount of STM-1 in step 1..5 will
be:
24 unprotected
16 + 16 protected
Linked with AAL2 upgrade
The amount of shaped ATM VPs in RNC has
been problem for some customers using
leased ATM connections.
108 shaped ATM VPs are supported per
NI4S1-B plug-in-unit. With this upgrade the
amount of shaped VPs will increase up to
432 per RNC assuming that unit protection
is used.
SW support available in RN2.1 GCD02
FTR FTR
FTR FTR
FTR FTR
FTR FTR
(
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RNAC RNBC
7891
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0120123451
34567891
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RNAC RNBC
CPD80 CPD80 CPD80 CPD80
Additional
units
43 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS05.1 Performance for RNC196upg/ 300M,450M
Capacity and performance targets stated against standard traffic mix
1 2
3
4
5
67
solutions for flexible network building
Two new capacity steps to RNC196 are introduced
having I ub throughput of 300 Mbit/ s and 450 Mbit/ s
Config.
Iub Mbit/s AMR
Erlangs
Number of
BT Ss
supported
Carriers AAL2UP
Mbit/s Max
number of
the cards
Nbr of int unprot. /
(Protected)
Max
number of
the cards
Nbr of int
unprotecte
d
1 48 1300 170 384 400
or *950
4 or
*8
16 /(8+8) or *24 /
(16+16)
4 64
2 85 2700 256 576 550
or *1450
4 or
*8
16 /(8+8) or *24 /
(16+16)
6 96
3 122 4000 340 768 700
or *1950
4 or
*8
16 /(8+8) or *24 /
(16+16)
8 128
4 159 5400 420 960 850
or *2400
4 or
*8
16 /(8+8) or *24 /
(16+16)
10 160
5 196 6800 512 1152 1000
or *2800
4 or
*8
16 /(8+8) or *24 /
(16+16)
12 192
6 300 6800 512 1152 1300
or *3594
12 24 / (24+24) 1 opt 16
7 450 8000 512 1152 3594 12 24 / (24+24) 1 opt 16
Traffic capacity Connectivity Interfaces
RNC196
/step
ST M- 1 /OC- 3 E1/T 1
44 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS05.1 Installed Base Capacity Upgrades to
RNC196upg/ 300M,450M
5
RNC196/step5
7
RNC196upg/45
0
6
RNC196upg/30
0
CCP10
MX622-D
CDSP-C
CCP18-A
MX622-D
CDSP-C
AL2S-D
CCP18-A
AL2S-D
Upgrade requires a set of new cards, cabling and PIU position changes
FDU will be removed and support arranged with USB memory stick
12 NIS cards supported in step6 and step7
1 NIP card supported in step6 and step7
45 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Easy Upgrade of RNC196/ step5 -196 to
RNC196/ step6-300 or RNC196/ step7-450
RNC196 step6 and step7 HW
configuration

Functional
unit
Minimum
HW level
ICSU CCP10
GTPU CCP10
RRMU CCP10
RRSU CCP10
MXU MX622-D
DMCU CDSP-C
OMU CCP18-A
NEMU MCP18-B
Functional
unit
Minimum HW
level
ICSU CCP18- A
GTPU CCP18- A
RRMU CCP18- A
RSMU CCP18- A
MXU MX622- D
DMCU CDSP- C
OMU CCP18- A
NE MU MCP18- B
A2SU AL2S- D
RNC196/step6-300 RNC196/step7-450
Minimum HW requirements
SW license key is delivered with
RNC196/450 capacity extension
CCP18-A can be used
with RNC196/step6
Same HW configuration
with step 6 and 7
Functional unit
Unit changes
from
RNC196/196M
Total number
of units in
RNC196/300
and
RNC196/450
ICSU +3 22
GTPU +2 8
DMCU - 44
MXU +2 16
A2SU +2 9
RRMU - 2
RSMU - 2
SFU - 2
OMU - 2
WDU - 2
OMS - 1
OMS HD - 2
EHU - 1
TBUF - 14
TSS3 - 2
Power - 8
NIS1 - 6
NIS1P +4 12
NIP1 (opt) - 11 1 opt
ESA24 - 1 + 1 optional
FDU - 1 -
HDS- A - 2 -
HDS- B +2 2
46 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Enhanced capacity
HSDPA: meets the increasing user data traffic due to HSDPA
usage
Capability to launch new services and differentiate
More RNC capacity; more voice & data capacity
More AAL2 and STM-1 connectivity for BTS
High number of RRC connected state subscribers
Enhanced support for always on services e.g. push email
Shortens the call setup times i.e. email, video call, gaming
Evolution
Easy I P transport upgradeability
Optimized solutions for IP transport
RNC450 upgrade path to RNC2600
Secured investment with upgradeability
RNC450 WCDMA Radio Controller
solutions for flexible network building
585 Mbps DL+UL
8000 Erl
512 BTSs
1152 Cells
47 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
New RNC network element, RNC450 in RAS05.1
RAS05.1 introduces a new RNC network element
RNC450;
Based on 2100mm high cabinet,
300 mm higher than current cabinet in RNC196
Enhanced power distribution and cooling
Same max 2 cabinet solution
Same max 4 subracks per cabinet
Three capacity steps
150 Mbit/s,
300 Mbit/s
450 Mbit/s
RNC450 will be based on latest plug-in-units
CCP18-A, MX622-D, CDSP-C and AL2S-D, MCP18-
B
Number of NIS cards increased to 12 (24+24
protected interfaces supported)
One optional NIP card supported
Provides an upgrade path for future capacity and
performance needs
3
2 1
48 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Target Performance for RNC450/ 150,300,450 in
RAS05.1
solutions for flexible network building
RNC450 product
description published
in NOLS
49 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Target Performance for RNC450/ 150,300,450
in RAS05.1
solutions for flexible network building
Power consumption with full traffic load:
RNC450 product
description published
in NOLS
50 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS05.1 - SW Configurable Coverage Optimized
RNC450
High capacity RNC450 enables
also coverage optimized
solutions
RNC450/step1 can be SW
configured either for
Capacity optimized solution
Coverage optimized solution
No HW changes is required
Performance change is done
with a SW configuration
Four SW configurable capacity
steps
Solution control will be done
with a SW license
1 cabinet
150 Mbps DL
4000 Erl
200 BTSs
(1+1+1)
600 Cells
50 Mbps DL
4000 Erl
280 BTSs
(1+1+1)
840 Cells
Default
capacity
Coverage
optimized
1
Coverage
optimized
2
Coverage
optimized
3
Coverage
optimized
4
Iub throughput Mbps 150 135 105 80 50
Number of HSDPA users 360 320 250 190 120
AMR Erlang 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000
Number of carriers 600 660 720 780 840
Number of BTSs (1+1+1) 200 220 240 260 280
51 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
RAS06 - SW Configurable Coverage Optimized
RNC450
High capacity RNC450 enables
also coverage optimized solutions
RNC450/step2 and step3 can
be SW configured either for
Capacity optimized solution
Coverage optimized solution
No HW changes are required
Performance change is done
with a SW configuration
Solution control will be done
with a SW license
1 cabinet
150 Mbps DL
4000 Erl
200 BTSs
(1+1+1)
600 Cells
50 Mbps DL
4000 Erl
280 BTSs
(1+1+1)
840 Cells
1.5 cabinets
300 Mbps DL
6250 Erl
300 BTSs
(1+1+1)
900 Cells
140 Mbps DL
6250 Erl
400 BTSs
(1+1+1)
1200 Cells
RAS05.1 RAS06
2 cabinets
450 Mbps DL
8000 Erl
384 BTSs
(1+1+1)
1152 Cells
180 Mbps DL
10000 Erl
600 BTSs
(1+1+1)
1800 Cells
RAS06
Number of HSDPA
users in coverage
optimized configuration
decreased approx
similarly than the
throughput
52 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Target Performance for RNC450/ 150,300,450 in
RAS05.1 and RAS06 solutions for flexible network building
3
2 1
Total throughput (DL+UL) 1.3 x I ub
HSDPA 450 Mbit/ s,
3.6M
RNC450 / 3
steps
High Connectivity
Solution
Capacity and Performance
Evolution
Data and Coverage
Solutions
Config.
Iub Mbit/s AMR Erlangs Number of
BT Ss
supported
Carriers AAL2UP
Mbit/s Max
number
of the
cards
Nbr of int unprot. /
(Protected)
Max number
of the cards
Nbr of int
unprotected
150
150 /50
1)
4000
200 /280
1)
600 /840
1)
1950
4 or 6
2)
16 /(8+8 or 12+12
2)
)
1 opt 16
300
300 /140
1)
6250
300 /400
1)
900 /1200
1)
2800
8 or 10
2)
24 /(16+16 or 20+20
2)
)
1 opt 16
450
450 /180
1)
8000 /10 000
1)
512 /600
1)
1152 /1800
1)
3594 12 24 /(24+24) 1 opt 16
1)
With coverage optimised configuration
2)
possible if no E1/T1 card is used
Interfaces
RNC450/ ST M- 1 /OC- 3 E1/ T 1
Traffic capacity Connectivity
53 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
SURPASS hiD3100
Tellabs 8600
For Hybrid Backhaul or Ethernet Backhaul
54 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Hybrid backhaul over leased lines / services
Leased line domain
Offload HSPA to cost-efficient Ethernet
services, e.g. wholesale ADSL2
Products
NodeB-integrated IP/Ethernet interfaces
RNC-integrated IP/Ethernet interfaces
SURPASS hiD 3100 and Tellabs 8600
PWE3 gateways (not required with native
Iub/IP)
hiD supporting BTS integrated Gateways
2H/2008
BTS
E1
BSC
E1
RNC
STM1
NB
E1
Eth
Eth
Packet
E1
ATM pseudo wire
Native Iub/IP
ATM pseudo wire
or native Iub/IP
55 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
MPLS overlay
Converge all fixed and mobile traffic on
MPLS, for carrying it over POS (Packet over
Sonet) and Fast / Gigabit Ethernet
TDM pseudo wires for 2G
ATM pseudo wires for 3G
L2 and L3 Virtual Private Networks for
non-mobile traffic (e.g. corporate)
Products
PDH and SDH nodal microwave radios
SURPASS hiT 70xx NG-SDH
Tellabs 8600 Multiservice Router
BSC
RNC
Microwave radio domain
BTS
E1
NB
E1
BTS
E1
NB
E1
MWR
hub
Fiber domain
MWR
hub
E1
STM1
ATM pseudo wire
TDM pseudo wire
56 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
ATM aggregation over leased lines
Minimize bandwidth needed for 2G by
eliminating idle and silence
Dynamically share bandwidth between 2G
and 3G
Combine with hybrid backhaul where
HSDPA is being activated
Products
SURPASS hiD 3100
Abis optimization over ATM
ATM cross connect with ATM QoS for
effective traffic prioritization
Fully compatible with hybrid backhaul
Leased line domain
BSC
BTS
T1
BTS
T1
NB
T1
Eth
RNC
OC3
Eth Packet
T1
T1
57 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
SURPASS hiD3100 and Tellabs 8600 Products
Cell site Hub site Controller site
SURPASS hiD3140
12RU, 11 Service Cards
2Gbit/s, fully redundant
SURPASS hiD3120
2RU, 5 Service Cards
2Gbit/s, fully redundant
SURPASS hiD3105
1RU, 2 Service Exp. Cards
16xE1, 6xEthernet
Tellabs 8605
1RU, fixed configuration
16xE1, 4xEthernet, 300
Mbps
Tellabs 8620
2RU, 2 Interface Modules
3.5Gbit/s
Tellabs 8630
5RU, 8 Interface Modules
14Gbit/s, Fully redundant
Tellabs 8660
14RU, 24 Interface Modules
42Gbit/s, fully redundant
RU rack unit: A unit = 1inches, indicating the
amount of space taken up by a piece of electronic
equipment in the mounting system
58 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Comparing SURPASS hiD3100 and Tellabs 8600
Frame Relay tunneling
Ethernet / VLAN tunneling
ATM and TDM
Adaptive timing
CES (ATM over TDM)
ABR, GFR
VP and VC switching
CBR, UBR, UBR+
RIP1&2, OSPF
Virtual routing
MPLS switching
OSPF, IS-IS, BGP4, LDP
RSVP-TE and LDP tunnels
MPLS-TE and CAC
IP-VPN
IP routing
Abis optimization
ATM
PWE3
L3
E3/T3 ATM
STM4 ATM
STM1 POS
STM4 POS
STM16 POS
E1/T1
Ch.STM1/OC ATM
STM1/OC3 ATM
Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet
Physical
interfaces
SURPASS hiD3100
Tellabs 8600
At the moment only Tellabs supports termination of BTS
integrated gateways, support for hiDcoming soon.
available bit rate (ABR)
Guaranteed Frame Rate (GFR)
59 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Tellabs 8600 Shortly
Switching function distributed to line cards
Each Interface card (IFC) brings 3.5 Gbps bidirectional switching capacity
Combined Control and DC Power Feed Card = CDC
Two variants available CDC1-A and CDC1-B (to be used in sync with IFC variant, IFC-A or B
version)
Can be 1+1 protected
For Tellabs 8660 and 8630 Tellabs 8600 universal baseboard
for interface modules
Line card consists of one base card (Interface Module Concentrator = IFC) and 1..2
Interface Modules (IFMs)
IFC has two variants: IFC1-A and IFC1-B
IFC1-A: Fully scaleable IFC with 450k IPv4 entries
IFC1-B: PWE3 optimized IFC with 256k IPv4 entries
IFC1-B cost optimized for PWE use
One Interface module (IFM) can have up to 2.5 Mbps throughput
Requires planning which IFMs can be put on the same IFC
Not all GE interfaces in 8xGE IFM can be fully utilized
4xATM-1 ATM and 8xGE on the same IFC is OK
Fully used 4xSTM-1 ATM is about 600 Mbps and up to 2.5 Mbps can be used for GE interfaces
60 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Module (IFM) Summary
Ports per System
Interface Type
Ports per
IF Module
8660 8630 8620
chE1/ chT1 (n x 64k) Multiservice (high
density)
24 576 192 48
chSTM-1/ chOC-3 (down to n x 64k)
Multiservice
1 24 8 2
chSTM-1/chOC-3 (down to n x 64k) Multiservice 4 96 32 8
STM-4/ OC-12 POS 4 96 32 4
100M Ethernet (optical) 8 192 64 16
2+6 10/ 100/ 1000M Ethernet Combo
(includes two optical GE and six electrical
10/ 100/ 100M IFs)
2+6 48+144 16+48 4+12
E3/DS3 Multiservice 6 144 48 12
STM-1/ OC-3 ATM (Used towards RNC) 4 96 32 8
10/ 100M Ethernet 8 192 64 16
Gigabit Ethernet (Does not support PWE!) 2 48 16 4
Gigabit Ethernet (high density) 8 192 64 16
16
-
64
4
8
1
192
12
STM-1/OC-3 POS
STM-16/OC-48 POS
Multiservice IFMs support ATM, Frame Relay, PPP/HDLC, TDM cross connection and tunneling to MPLS.
61 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Protection Mechanisms towards RNC and
Packet Network
MSP1+1 for STM-1 ATM interfaces supported towards RNC
Interfaces need to be on different interface cards at the same module position
and port position
Ethernet link protection (ELP)
May be used to protect network from Ethernet link failures
When the currently active link is detected to be down, Tellabs 8660 edge switch
moves the logical interface (including IP and MAC addresses) from the currently
active physical interface to the protecting physical interface
Protecting interfaces need to be on different interface cards at the same module
position and port position
62 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Tellabs 8660/ 8630/ 8620
Modularity = Flexible Configuration
IFM
- various types
- density depends on type
IFC
- one card for all modules
SFP transceiver
for optics (1..8)
also electrical plugs
Same base board (IFC) can be used for any Interface Module (IFM)
Two IFMs can be equipped into one Line card
IFMs fit into any Tellabs 86x0 element
Number of SFP transceivers can be chosen based on need
The small form-factor pluggable
(SFP) is a compact optical transceiver
used in optical communications for both
telecommunication and data
communications applications. It
interfaces a network device mother
board (for a switch, router or similar
device) to a fiber optic or unshielded
twisted pair networking cable. It is a
popular industry format supported by
several fiber optic component vendors.
63 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
SURPASS hiD3100 Architecture
Services Cards
Personality
Modules
64 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
PM and SC connection
I / O Connector
Dynamic backplane slots
location
Addable / Removable I / O
Main Backplane
Service Card
Service card
PM
Card
PM: Personality Module
Electrical connections for Service Cards
SC: Service Card
System components and data processing
65 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Cards on SURPASS hiD3140HD/ 3120
32 ports E1 I MA/ ATM
63 ports E1 IMA/ ATM
2 / 4 ports STM-1 (VC-4)
1 port STM-1 (VC-12)
32 ports E1 TDM
32 ports E1 IMA/ Abis (16 ports)
PWE Card: 2xGE + 8xFE
8 ports E1 Frame Relay
1 port STM-4
3 ports E3
66 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
SURPASS hiD3105 Mobile Access Gateway
Flash Memory
Management / Serial
DC Power
8xE1/ T1
ATM/ IMA/ TDM
Expansion Module
- Abis Optimisation
- CESoP
- ATMoP
- additional ATM/ I MA E1 ports
Alarms & I / O
Discrete
6 x 100BaseT
1 x 100BaseX (SFP)
2 x 1000BaseX (SFP)
67 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
PWE Card for the SURPASS hiD3120/ 3140
PWE card
PWE card - 2GE + 8 FE
Converts the ATM and Abis traffic to Ethernet/MPLS
Supports:
ATMoPWE3
Structure Agnostic TDMoPacket (SAToP)
Structure-Aware TDM CE over Packet (CESoPSN)
Clock synchronization over Packet
CESoP PM for 63/32 E1/T1 ports
68 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Backup slides
69 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Modules (Tellabs 8600 applications) 8
Port Ethernet 1000BASE-X
8 x SFP based 1000BASE-X Ethernet
interfaces per module
full duplex
Standard SFPs supported, e.g.
1000BASE-SX (850 nm multi mode, 550m)
1000BASE-LX10 (1310 nm single mode, 10 km)
1000BASE-ZX CWDM (1470-1610 nm single mode, 70
km)
also electrical, 80 km optical etc.
Oversubscription management (PAUSE frames,
bandwidth control, buffering)
L2 and L3 services in same port
Supports VLAN subinterfaces
Support for MPLS/VLAN
Bandwidth limits per interface are configurable
Egress hierarchical shaping
Ingress limit is a minimum guarantee per interface
Link activity and online leds
Dense WDM(DWDM) is generally held to be
WDM with more than 8 active wavelengths per
fibre, with systems with fewer active wavelengths
being classed as coarse WDM(CWDM)
70 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Modules
2+6 10/ 100/ 1000M Ethernet Combo IFM
2 Gigabit Ethernet SFP interfaces + 6 electrical
10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet interfaces
Ethernet line signal as synchronization source
Similar feature set with 8 x GE IFM
Oversubscription management (PAUSE frames,
bandwidth control, buffering)
L2 and L3 services in same port
MPLS over VLAN
same SFPs
Bandwidth limits per interface are configurable
Egress hierarchical shaping
Ingress limit is a minimum guarantee per interface
Enables three interface types in a single IFM and 8620
71 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Modules
4 Port UnchannelizedSTM-1/ OC-3 ATM
4 x SFP based STM-1/OC-3 (VC-4/STS-3c) ATM
interfaces per module
Standard SFPs supported
STM-1/OC-3 S-1.1/IR-1 (1310 nm single mode, 15 km)
STM-1/OC-3 L-1.1/LR-1 (1310 nm single mode, 40 km)
also electrical, 80 km optical etc.
ATM PWE3 tunneling over MPLS
n-to-one, one-to-one, AAL5 SDU PW modes
ATM VPI/VCI switching
IP over ATM (routing)
Supports uni- and bidirectional MSP 1+1 and APS 1+1
protections
Online and alarm indications with two leds
72 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
For internal use
Interface Modules
1 Port chSTM-1/ chOC-3 Multiservice
1 x SFP based channelized 155 Mbps (VC-12 or VC-11 or
n * 64k) multiservice interfaces per module
Standard SFPs supported, e.g.
STM-1/OC-3 S-1.1/IR-1 (1310 nm single mode, 15 km)
STM-1/OC-3 L-1.1/LR-1 (1310 nm single mode, 40 km)
also electrical, 80 km optical etc.
ATM PWE3 tunneling over MPLS
ATM VPI/VCI cross-connection
42 ATM IMA groups (max 31 members per group)
32 ML-PPP groups
63 x E1 / 84 x DS1 asynchronous mapping to VC-12 /
VC-11
63 x E1 / 84 x DS1 terminations
Supports uni- and bidirectional MSP 1+1 and APS 1+1
protections