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Newbie Lesson

Is He There?
11
Hangul Transcript 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
Formal Conversation 2
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 3
Grammar Points 3
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Hangul Transcript
(1)0 ^5/E?
(2)^ ^5/E? /E. 7^II.
(3)0 ^.. ^? \\^?
(4)^ I. \\^E. ^II, \^E?
(5)0 ^I. ^.
(6)^ I. /II.
(7)0 , .
Romanization
(1)hangyeol
eomma
yeoboseyo?
(2)yujin yeoboseyo? annyeonghaseyo. jeo-neun yujin-imnida.
(3)hangyeol
eomma
eo... yujin? jal isseosseo?
(4)yujin ne. jal isseosseoyo. eomeoni, hangyeol isseoyo?
(5)hangyeol
eomma
ani. eopseo.
(6)yujin ne. gamsahamnida.
(7)hangyeol
eomma
eung. annyeong.
Translation
(1)Hangyeol's
Mom
Hello?
(2)Yujin Hello? Hello. This is Yujin.
(3)Hangyeol's
Mom
Oh... Yujin? Have you been good?
(4)Yujin Yes. l've been well. Mother, is Hangyeol there?
(5)Hangyeol's
Mom
No. He's not.
(6)Yujin Ok. Thank you.
(7)Hangyeol's
Mom
Ok. See you.
Formal Conversation
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^(Yujin) - Formal Politeness Level
0(Hangyeol's Mother) - Standard Politeness Level
(1)0 ^5/E?
(2)^ ^5/E? [I. 7^II.
(3)0 ^.. ^9E? \\^E?
(4)^ I. \\II. ^II, \I?
(5)0 ^I5. ^E.
(6)^ I. /II.
(7)0 I.
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
\^E isseoyo
exist, is, have
^ eopseo
not exist, not be, not
have
annyeong
hey, see you
^I ani
no
Cultural lnsight
lt is common to call a friend's mother ^II(eomeoni), which means mother. Friends
in one's inner-circle can consider their friends parents their own parents. Parents often
provide for their children's friends by giving them money to hang out, letting them
sleep at their homes, giving them food, among other things as if they were they were
the persons actual parents. lf one is very close to another friend's family, they often go
to family events together as well. But even if two friends are not so close, it is quite po-
lite to call a friend's parents ^II(eomeoni) and ^(abeoji), which means "fath-
er."
Crannar Poinis
This conversation introduces two extremely critical phrases in Korean, \^E(isseoyo) and
^(eopseo), the verbs "exist" and "not exist." Also, two very common and useful conver-
sational phrases were used in this conversation, ^I(ani) and (annyeong).
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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Stating the Existence or Possession of Something - \^E
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The sentence structure used to express the existence of something is as follows:
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
"Noun1 \^E.
"Noun1 isseoyo."
"Noun 1 exists.
This is translated as "Noun1 is (in regards to existence)."
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
"\^E.
don-i isseoyo
"Money exists.
This is translated as "Money exists (for me)" or "l have money."
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
ln this conversation ^(yujin) asks if (hangyeol) is there. The question she asks is:
\^E?
hangyeol isseoyo?
ls Hangyeol there? (Literally: Hangyeol, is?)
From this sentence we have to infer from context that she is asking if hangyeol is "there."
------------------------
=remember
------------------------
Here are a few conjugations of \I(itda):
\I(itda) - infinitive
\II(isseumnida) - Formal Politeness Level
\^E(isseoyo) - Standard Politeness Level
\^(isseo) - lntimate Politeness Level
The standard politeness level was used in this conversation because ^(yujin) was talking to her
friend's mother, to whom she should use polite language.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Grammar Point #2 - Stating the Absence or Non-presence of Something - ^
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The verb I(eopta) expresses the non-existence of something. The sentence structure
used to express the non-existence of something is as follows:
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
"Noun 1 II.
"Noun1 eopseoyo."
"Noun 1 doesn't exists.
This is translated as "Noun1 is not (in regards to existence)."
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(5)0: ^I. ^.
(5)hangyeol eomma: ani. eopseo.
(5)Hangyeol's Mom: No. He's not.
ln this conversation, P0(hangyeol's mother) says: "^" (eopseo). This is literally,
"not exist" or "not is." Here there is no subject for the sentence, and there is no location ad-
verb as well. lt is simply the verb I(eopta). ln this context we can easily infer both of
these because of the question presented to her [\^E? (hangyeol isseoyo?) ls
Hangyeol there?].
------------------------
=remember
------------------------
Here are a few conjugations of I(eopta):
I(eopta) - lnfinitive
II(eopsseumnida) - Formal Politeness Level
^E(eopseoyo) - Standard Politeness Level
^(eopseo) - lntimate Politeness Level
The intimate politeness level, ^(eopseo), was used in this conversation because the speaker,
Hangyeol's mother, does not have to show respect to ^(yujin).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #3 - Saying No - ^I
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
^I(ani) is simply used to say "no." lt is most commonly used to answer questions.
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---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
=J;^?
hakgyo gasseo?
Did you go to school?
^I
ani
No.
------------------------
=remember
------------------------
ln this conversation it was used in the lntimate Politeness Level (^I- ani). The following
are different politeness levels for same word.
^II(animnida) - Formal Politeness Level
^I5(anio) - Standard Politeness Level
^I(ani) - lntimate Politeness Level
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Grammar Point #4 - Hey/See you -
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(annyeong) is an extremely commonly phrase that has two different meanings. lt is a
casual way to either greet someone, or part with someone. lt can be translated as both
"hey" and "see you." Since this is a casual way to part with someone, it should be used with
people you are on intimate terms with.
Polite Versions:
/E(annyeonghaseyo) is used to greet somebody, "hello."
7/E/7/E(annyeonghigaseyo/annyeonghigyeseyo) is used to say good-
bye.
Note: All of these have (annyeong) in front.
Here are a few social relationships with which (annyeong) is acceptable to be used:
1. School friends
2. Close co-workers
3. Family members
4. Boyfriend/Girlfriend
------------------------
=remember
------------------------
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All of these relationships are with people who are in one's inner-circle. Therefore, relation-
ships which the intimate politeness level is acceptable.
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