511 views

Uploaded by David Clark

For the "official" solution, see http:/www.phaux.org/School_Documents/Fundamentals_Of_Aerodynamics/

- Perfil Elíptico y Efecto Coanda
- DNV-RP-F203 Riser Interference April 2009
- Comprehension 2001 08
- Equations of Motion of 2 DOF Flight
- Aerodynamics Midterm Take Home Exam Problem
- Top School in Ghaziabad
- rp-f203_2009-04
- Lab Report Template
- Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Aerodynamics Lab 1 - Cylinder Lift and Drag
- milnortop
- Aerodynamics Lab 2 - Airfoil Pressure Measurements
- Report1 Divergence
- Structures Lab 1 - Cantilever Flexure Beam
- scissor lift design calculation
- [Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation_ Science and Engineering 91] Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford - Foundations of Circulation Control Based Small-Scale Unmanned Aircraft_ .pdf
- Flow Sepertion
- Aerodynamics of a Single Element Wing in Ground Effect
- 433_neto
- Guidelines (1)hfghgfh

You are on page 1of 5

Given: A tandem airfoil (drawn below), in which the angle of attack is 5 degrees. Each airfoil is

modeled by 1 panel.

(1) Draw the system and place the vortices and control points

(2) Perform step 3 of the procedure

(3) Perform step 4 of the procedure

(4) Perform step 5 of the procedure

(5a) Calculate the lift per unit span for the first airfoil

(5b) Calculate the lift per unit span for the second airfoil

(5c) Calculate the lift per unit span for the system

(5d) Calculate the sum of a + b, and compare with c

Assumptions: Steady, Incompressible, Negligable Body Effects, and Irrotational

Small angle assumption for calculating distantaces between points (ie: the distance between γ1 and

Cp2 is (10/4)*c

Solution:

----------------------------------------------------------------------- Part 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

See solution at

http://www.phaux.org/School_Documents/Principles_Of_Aerodynamics/Official_Solutions/

−γ1 γ2

Vcp1n = + + Vinf ⋅ sin( α)

2 ⋅ π⋅ ⋅ c

c 6

2 ⋅ π⋅

2 4

−γ2 γ1

Vcp2n = − + Vinf ⋅ sin( α)

2 ⋅ π⋅ 2 ⋅ π⋅ ⋅ c

c 10

2 4

----------------------------------------------------------------------- Part 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Setting both expressions to zero, combine both equations to solve simultaneously.

−γ1 γ2

0= + + Vinf ⋅ sin( α)

2 ⋅ π⋅ ⋅ c

c 6

2 ⋅ π⋅

2 4

Solve for γ1 in the first equation yields..

γ2

γ1 = + π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

3

Substituting this into the velocity equation at Cp2 (as well as setting that equation to zero) yields..

γ2

−γ2 + π ⋅ V inf ⋅ c ⋅ sin( α)

0= −

3 + V ⋅ sin( α)

inf

2 ⋅ π⋅ 2 ⋅ π⋅ ⋅ c

c 10

2 4

Solving for γ2 using the MathCAD solve function..

3 ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

γ2 =

4

3⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

4

γ1 = + π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

3

Per step 5, we will define the circulation as the sum of the γ terms.

3⋅ π⋅ V inf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

3⋅ π⋅ V ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

4 inf

Γ = γ1 + γ2 = + π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α) +

3 4

Doing a little bit of cleanup, step 5 comples with the circulation for the system, which can be expressed as..

3⋅ π⋅ V inf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

3⋅ π⋅ V ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

4 inf

+ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α) + simplify → 2 ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

3 4

Now, to study the lift per unit span for the first airfoil, we'll backtrack to the normal component at Cp1.

−γ1 γ2

Vcp1n = + + Vinf ⋅ sin( α)

2 ⋅ π⋅ ⋅ c

c 6

2 ⋅ π⋅

2 4

Since we're neglecting the effects of the second air foil, we'll neglect the second term. At the same time, we'll set the

equation to zero and solve for γ1.

−γ1

0= + Vinf ⋅ sin( α) solve , γ1 → π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

c

2 ⋅ π⋅

2

The circulation is equal to the sum of the γ, which in this case is the only γ we have...

Γa = π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

The lift per unit span can be found using equation 3.140.

Lp = ρinf ⋅ Vinf ⋅ Γ

2

( )

Lpa = ρinf ⋅ V.inf ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α) = π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α)

Since the second foil is geometrically the same as the first foil, as well as exhibit full flow similarity, the lift per unit span

for the second foil will be equal to that of the first foil.

2

( )

Lpb = ρinf ⋅ V.inf ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α) = π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α)

For the entire system, we'll use the result we gathered earlier when we performed steps 3, 4, and 5 for the whole

system...

2

( )

Lpsys = ρinf ⋅ Vinf ⋅ 2 ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α) simplify → Lpsys = 2 ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α)

If we add the lift per unit span for the first foil, as well as the lift per unit span for the second foil, we find it does indeed

equal the lift per unit span for the entire system.

2 2 2

π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α) + π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α) simplify → 2 ⋅ π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ ρinf ⋅ sin( α)

The coefficient of lift can be expressed as..

Γ

cl =

1 2

ρ ⋅V ⋅c

2 inf inf

Γa = π⋅ Vinf ⋅ c⋅ sin( α)

Plugging the circulation into the lift coefficient equation, as well as simplify a little, the result is..

cla = simplify → cla =

1 2 Vinf ⋅ ρinf

ρ ⋅V ⋅c

2 inf inf

Using the same technique in part 6a, as well as remembering the circulation for foil A and B independantly is the

same, the lift coefficient for the second foil is again equal to that of the first foil.

clb = simplify → clb =

1 2 Vinf ⋅ ρinf

ρ ⋅V ⋅c

2 inf inf

Now we'll find the lift coefficient for the entire system. Again we'll use our previous results. The circulation for the

system was determined in part 4.

Entering this circulation into the coefficient of lift equation, the result is..

clsys = simplify → clsys =

1 2 Vinf ⋅ ρinf

ρinf ⋅ Vinf ⋅ ( 2c)

2

= 2 ⋅

2 ⋅ π⋅ sin( α) 2 ⋅ π⋅ sin( α) 2 ⋅ π⋅ sin( α)

+

Vinf ⋅ ρinf

Vinf ⋅ Vinf

Vinf ⋅ ρinf

So (assuming no errors were made.. which is entirely possible), the lift coefficients do not exhibit superposition ( a + b

does not equal c)

References:

Anderson, John D. Jr. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007.

- Perfil Elíptico y Efecto CoandaUploaded byLisandro Iaffar
- DNV-RP-F203 Riser Interference April 2009Uploaded byTroy
- Comprehension 2001 08Uploaded byZahra Yumna
- Equations of Motion of 2 DOF FlightUploaded byRam Krishan Shukla
- Aerodynamics Midterm Take Home Exam ProblemUploaded byDavid Clark
- Top School in GhaziabadUploaded byedholecom
- rp-f203_2009-04Uploaded bytt3340
- Lab Report TemplateUploaded byMohammedSalah
- Computational Fluid DynamicsUploaded byAtiyah Dinie
- Aerodynamics Lab 1 - Cylinder Lift and DragUploaded byDavid Clark
- milnortopUploaded byjhon franklin
- Aerodynamics Lab 2 - Airfoil Pressure MeasurementsUploaded byDavid Clark
- Report1 DivergenceUploaded byStephen Lutz
- Structures Lab 1 - Cantilever Flexure BeamUploaded byDavid Clark
- scissor lift design calculationUploaded byCemYurtsever
- [Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation_ Science and Engineering 91] Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford - Foundations of Circulation Control Based Small-Scale Unmanned Aircraft_ .pdfUploaded byepugazh
- Flow SepertionUploaded byPraveen P Jose
- Aerodynamics of a Single Element Wing in Ground EffectUploaded byVyssion
- 433_netoUploaded bysrinath_iitm
- Guidelines (1)hfghgfhUploaded byDavorinBazijanac
- A Panel Method for the Potential Flow Around 2-D HydrofoilsUploaded bySalma Sherbaz
- 10Uploaded byAgostino De Giuseppe
- Flapping Flight for Biomimetic Robotic Insects: Part I—System ModelingUploaded byBlejan Denis
- 2000 Can MoreUploaded byapi-3700441
- HOMEWORK+ASSIGNMENT+_1+-+solutionUploaded byGerry
- 081 082 - Principles of Flight [2220 Q]Uploaded byobrajior
- Lect25 Fluda dinamik.pptUploaded bykukuh_dialosa024
- IRJET-Structural and Modal Analysis of Subsonic Aircraft Wing using Ansys WorkbenchUploaded byIRJET Journal
- OscillatingAirfoi NASAUploaded byRutvij Rami
- Effects of Wind on CranesUploaded bymike murdoc

- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 3Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 5Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 1Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 8Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Nature and Property of Materials - Spring 05 Quiz 1Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 6Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 2Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Aerodynamics Lab 3 - Direct Measurements of Airfoil Lift and DragUploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 7Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Aerodynamics Lab 1 - Cylinder Lift and DragUploaded byDavid Clark
- Analysis of Engineering Systems - Homework 4Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Aerodynamics Lab 2 - Airfoil Pressure MeasurementsUploaded byDavid Clark
- Structures Lab 1 - Cantilever Flexure BeamUploaded byDavid Clark
- Fundamentals of Aerodynamics Book 2.4Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Poisson's RatioUploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Beam Deflection TestUploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Stress Risers in a Cantilever Flexure TestUploaded byDavid Clark
- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- Fundamentals of Aerodynamics Book 2.5Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Modulus of Elasticity Flexure TestUploaded byDavid Clark
- Fundamentals of Aerodynamics Book 2.3Uploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Cantilever Flexure TestUploaded byDavid Clark
- Mechanics of Materials - Principal Stresses and StrainsUploaded byDavid Clark

- Hysteresis Model of Steel MaterialUploaded byAlwin Setya
- 079. Phase RuleUploaded bysantho_sk555
- Model for Prediction of Temperature Distribution in Workpiece for Surface Grinding Using FeaUploaded byIAEME Publication
- Mechanical Interview Questions and Answers Fluid MechanicsUploaded byjk
- Explosive Welding of Titanium Stainless SteelUploaded bygreghes
- 7Silicalite Physical PropertiesUploaded byMehrnoosh Aref
- Introduction to Fluid Mechanics - Ch01Uploaded byNguyễn Hồng Quân
- Thermal Engineering - I (Diploma - L Scheme).pdfUploaded bynjaiguru
- Copy of Cost Unit Februri 2017dddddddddddgUploaded byHatlan Rizal
- Foundation EngineeringUploaded bySathz Flynn
- Circular Plate Ribbed 1Uploaded byAscanio Barbosa
- 1 Mike Jefferies Soil Liquefaction a Mechanics ViewUploaded byPieter Oelofse
- Continue+One+Way+SlabUploaded byanon_601117903
- Failure in Service (English)Uploaded bykalamar102
- solucionario ccc 1Uploaded byYaiza Martin
- Garlock M&Y Values ExplanationUploaded byneha165
- Coupling Beam SAP2000Uploaded byRafa Souza
- HEShell Tube Heat ExchangerUploaded byAhsan Mumtaz
- Summer 2008 Castier XSEOSUploaded byLlovll Maywood
- Pressure Vessel DesignUploaded byAhmad Deyab
- Solids and Fluids Turbulent Flow Turbulence ModellingUploaded byHammad
- L-03 Flexural Strengthening of StructuresUploaded byQaiser Iqbal
- Unit Operation-II (Settling and Sedimentation-1).pdfUploaded byFajar Hamida Munfaridi
- Chapter 2 - Hydrodynamics of Pumps - Christopher E. BrennenUploaded bymete2009
- Experimental Study on High-strength Concrete Beams Failing in ShearUploaded byMohammad Mohammadhassani
- WORKING PRINCIPLES OF IC ENGINES, REFRIGERATORS AND AIR CONDITIONERUploaded byAyush Khunteta
- Fillet Weld Size CalculUploaded byRUDHRA DHANASEKAR
- Sp138-35 Energy Absorption FRP Reinforced-beamsUploaded byalexrem
- Pivot PointUploaded byJorge Quintas
- Fluid Dynamics PresentationUploaded byPankaj Gupta