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# SUBJECT: FLUID MECANICS 2

## Blooms Taxonomy Verbs/ action words Weighting

Knowledge and Understanding List, state, name, define etc.
45
Application & Analysing Determine
45
Analysing, Evaluating
10

Total 100
1. FLUID FLOW
It is the study of fluids (liquids) in motion under certain environments. The study focuses on liquids that are widely used in Engineering
such as water, oils, coolants, liquid fuels or mixtures. The section on slurries is not covered in this introductory course.
2. FLUID STATICS
It is the study of the properties of fluid (liquids) at rest. It involves the resultant forces and pressures exerted by the fluid at different
depths/heights and their effects to an outlet point.
a). At the end of study students should be able to apply the LAWS of continuity and conservation of energy to simple pipe systems in
order to:
i). Derive Bernoullis equation
ii) Find the pressure losses in the pipe system along the pipe, at change of pipe size, at entry and exit to a reservoir.
iii) Calculate fluid flow parameters using the venturi theory and Pitot tube theory.
iv) Determine flow through an orifice plate.
v) Solve problems involving fluid flow through orifices, siphons, venturimeter, nozzles etc
b) To apply and calculate Darcys frictional losses along a pipe, losses due to sudden expansion and contraction.
c) To able to use Reynoldss number to determine whether the flow is laminar, mixed or turbulent flow.
d). Appreciate the cause and effects of both lamina and turbulent flow and their application in real life situation.

LESSON PLAN 1

CRITERIA
EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING ACTIVITIES RESOURCES
Week 1
Day1
21/07/2014
Activity 1
Introduction
1.What is fluid
mechanics?

Oral & class
discussions
Define the subject, differrentiate fluid statics and fluid flow.
Application of fluid flow and statics in real life situation.
Introduce Pascals law against law of continuity and law of
conservation of energy and their application in real life situation.
i. Law of conservation of energy.
ii. Law of continuity of flow
Venturimeter,
orifice test
equipment
Activity 2
2.Types of Fluid flow
Tutorial , Test,
Practical,
Exam

Define the terms and identify the types of
fluid flow.
iii. Turbulent
iv. Laminar

Viscometer
Venturimeter,
orifice test
equipment
Week 1
Day 2
Activity
28/07/2014
2.The law of
continuity a pipe of
changing diameter

Tutorial , Test,
Practical,
Exam

Q = A
1
V
1
= A
2
V
2
= A
3
V
3

i. Demonstrate in the workshop.
ii. Calculate the flow rate, Velocity,
Area of pipe for horizontal,
vertical and sloping terrain pipe.
iii. Calculate Q, A, V for branching
pipes.

Hydraulic bench
and reservoir.
Day 3 Tutorial , Test, i. Demonstrate in the workshop. Hydraulic bench
04/08/2014
Activity
The law of
continuity on
branching
pipes.
Practical,
Exam

Calculate the flow rate, velocity
and area of pipe, pressure at
different points.
ii. Calculate Q, A, V for branching
pipes.
and viscometer,
reservoir.

COURSE
ASSESMENT
CRITERIA
EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING
ACTIVITIES
RESOURCES
Day4
11/08/2014
Activity
2.1. Applications
of the law of
continuity.
2.2.Introduce
law of
conservation of
energy
Tutorial , Test,
Practical, Exam
To increase pressure and velocity.

i. Connected pipes of
different diameters
in vertical,
horizontal and
inclined positions.
ii. Type joints to reduce air
entrapment at expansion.
iii. The water hammer effect
iv. Mathematical analysis of
expanding and contracting
pipes.

Day 4
Activity
18/08/2014
2.3 Applications
of the law of
conservation of
energy.

Tutorial , Test,
Practical, Exam

Pipes in series
i. Vertical,
ii. Horizontal and .
iii. Inclined positions.

LESSON PLAN 3
25/08/2014
COURSE
ASSESMENT
CRITERIA
EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING
ACTIVITIES
RESOURCES
3 Flow
measurement
using a
Venturimeter
Day 6
Activity
3.0 Venturimeter
Day 7
3.1 Horizontal
pipe

Tutorial ,
Test,
Practical,
Exam
Buildings on the same floor of a tall building.

i. The learner to identify the
throat, U tube and main pipe.
ii.To calculate Q and P given h.
iii.Students work out @ list 3
questions on the board in pairs
(M&F)
Venturimeter
Apparatus in
hydraulic lab.
Day 8
3.2 Vertical pipe
Tutorial , Test,
Practical, Exam
Drain pipe of a tall building

Practical

Day 9
3.3 Inclined pipe
Tutorial , Test,
Practical, Exam
From reservoir to residential area

Practical

Day 10
see***

Day 11

3.3 Flow
measurement
using a Pitot
tube
Tutorial , Test,
Practical, Exam

To calculate the velocities of
flow, flow rate and pressure
given manometric heights.
Venturimeter
with pitot tube.
LESSON PLAN 4

08/09/2014
3. Losses in
pipe flow

Darcy formula

15/09/2014
4.1 Losses
at
sudden
expansi
on.

Sudden expansion and
contraction

4.1Losses at
sudden
contraction.

Loss
03/02/2014

g 2
v
g 2
v
d
L
g 2
v v
g 2
v
d
L
g 2
v
2
1
H
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2 1
2
1
1
1 1
2
1

Exit from large to
small

6 ORIFICE
TEST
1. The orifice test
I. Tittle
II. Aim
III. Equipment 
IV. Methodology
V. Results 
VI. Discussions 
VII. Conclusions and recommendations 

a. Determine the x, y and h. 
b. Determine Cv, Cd, Cc. 
c. Determine actual and theoretical values of Q and V. 
d. Determine the diameter of the vena contracta. 
Documentation 
[Total 20]

7 2. The law of continuity using the orifice equipment on hydraulic bench
I. Title
II. Aim 
III. Equipment
IV. Methodology 
V. Results 
VI. Discussions 
VII. Conclusions and recommendations 

a. Determine the actual values of Q
1
,Q
2
and Q
3
. 
b. Determine the actual values of V
1
, V
2
and V
3
. 
c. For a C
d
= 0.99 determine the theoretical values V
1
, V
2
V
3
Q
1
,Q
2
, and Q
3
. 
[Total 25]