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Knowledge and Understanding List, state, name, define etc.

45

Application & Analysing Determine

45

Analysing, Evaluating

10

Total 100

1. FLUID FLOW

It is the study of fluids (liquids) in motion under certain environments. The study focuses on liquids that are widely used in Engineering

such as water, oils, coolants, liquid fuels or mixtures. The section on slurries is not covered in this introductory course.

2. FLUID STATICS

It is the study of the properties of fluid (liquids) at rest. It involves the resultant forces and pressures exerted by the fluid at different

depths/heights and their effects to an outlet point.

BROAD OUT COMES

a). At the end of study students should be able to apply the LAWS of continuity and conservation of energy to simple pipe systems in

order to:

i). Derive Bernoullis equation

ii) Find the pressure losses in the pipe system along the pipe, at change of pipe size, at entry and exit to a reservoir.

iii) Calculate fluid flow parameters using the venturi theory and Pitot tube theory.

iv) Determine flow through an orifice plate.

v) Solve problems involving fluid flow through orifices, siphons, venturimeter, nozzles etc

b) To apply and calculate Darcys frictional losses along a pipe, losses due to sudden expansion and contraction.

c) To able to use Reynoldss number to determine whether the flow is laminar, mixed or turbulent flow.

d). Appreciate the cause and effects of both lamina and turbulent flow and their application in real life situation.

LESSON PLAN 1

COURSE LINKS ASSESMENT

CRITERIA

EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING ACTIVITIES RESOURCES

Week 1

Day1

21/07/2014

Activity 1

Introduction

1.What is fluid

mechanics?

Oral & class

discussions

Define the subject, differrentiate fluid statics and fluid flow.

Application of fluid flow and statics in real life situation.

Introduce Pascals law against law of continuity and law of

conservation of energy and their application in real life situation.

i. Law of conservation of energy.

ii. Law of continuity of flow

Venturimeter,

orifice test

equipment

Activity 2

2.Types of Fluid flow

Tutorial , Test,

Practical,

Exam

Define the terms and identify the types of

fluid flow.

i. Unsteady flow ,Uniform,

ii. Steady

iii. Turbulent

iv. Laminar

Viscometer

Venturimeter,

orifice test

equipment

Week 1

Day 2

Activity

28/07/2014

2.The law of

continuity a pipe of

changing diameter

Tutorial , Test,

Practical,

Exam

Q = A

1

V

1

= A

2

V

2

= A

3

V

3

i. Demonstrate in the workshop.

ii. Calculate the flow rate, Velocity,

Area of pipe for horizontal,

vertical and sloping terrain pipe.

iii. Calculate Q, A, V for branching

pipes.

Hydraulic bench

and reservoir.

Day 3 Tutorial , Test, i. Demonstrate in the workshop. Hydraulic bench

04/08/2014

Activity

The law of

continuity on

branching

pipes.

Practical,

Exam

Calculate the flow rate, velocity

and area of pipe, pressure at

different points.

ii. Calculate Q, A, V for branching

pipes.

and viscometer,

reservoir.

COURSE

LINKS

ASSESMENT

CRITERIA

EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING

ACTIVITIES

RESOURCES

Day4

11/08/2014

Activity

2.1. Applications

of the law of

continuity.

2.2.Introduce

law of

conservation of

energy

Tutorial , Test,

Practical, Exam

To increase pressure and velocity.

i. Connected pipes of

different diameters

in vertical,

horizontal and

inclined positions.

ii. Type joints to reduce air

entrapment at expansion.

iii. The water hammer effect

iv. Mathematical analysis of

expanding and contracting

pipes.

Day 4

Activity

18/08/2014

2.3 Applications

of the law of

conservation of

energy.

Tutorial , Test,

Practical, Exam

Pipes in series

i. Vertical,

ii. Horizontal and .

iii. Inclined positions.

LESSON PLAN 3

25/08/2014

COURSE

LINKS

ASSESMENT

CRITERIA

EMBBEDED SKILLS KEY LEARNING

ACTIVITIES

RESOURCES

3 Flow

measurement

using a

Venturimeter

Day 6

Activity

3.0 Venturimeter

Day 7

3.1 Horizontal

pipe

Tutorial ,

Test,

Practical,

Exam

Buildings on the same floor of a tall building.

i. The learner to identify the

throat, U tube and main pipe.

ii.To calculate Q and P given h.

iii.Students work out @ list 3

questions on the board in pairs

(M&F)

Venturimeter

Apparatus in

hydraulic lab.

Day 8

3.2 Vertical pipe

Tutorial , Test,

Practical, Exam

Drain pipe of a tall building

Practical

Day 9

3.3 Inclined pipe

Tutorial , Test,

Practical, Exam

From reservoir to residential area

Practical

Day 10

see***

Day 11

3.3 Flow

measurement

using a Pitot

tube

Tutorial , Test,

Practical, Exam

To calculate the velocities of

flow, flow rate and pressure

given manometric heights.

Venturimeter

with pitot tube.

LESSON PLAN 4

08/09/2014

3. Losses in

pipe flow

Darcy formula

15/09/2014

4.1 Losses

at

sudden

expansi

on.

Sudden expansion and

contraction

4.1Losses at

sudden

contraction.

5 Exit Head

Loss

03/02/2014

g 2

v

g 2

v

d

L

g 2

v v

g 2

v

d

L

g 2

v

2

1

H

2

2

2

2

2

2 2

2

2 1

2

1

1

1 1

2

1

Exit from large to

small

6 ORIFICE

TEST

1. The orifice test

I. Tittle

II. Aim

III. Equipment [1]

IV. Methodology

V. Results [4]

VI. Discussions [4]

VII. Conclusions and recommendations [2]

a. Determine the x, y and h. [3]

b. Determine Cv, Cd, Cc. [3]

c. Determine actual and theoretical values of Q and V. [4]

d. Determine the diameter of the vena contracta. [2]

Documentation [2]

[Total 20]

7 2. The law of continuity using the orifice equipment on hydraulic bench

I. Title

II. Aim [1]

III. Equipment

IV. Methodology [4]

V. Results [3]

VI. Discussions [4]

VII. Conclusions and recommendations [2]

a. Determine the actual values of Q

1

,Q

2

and Q

3

. [3]

b. Determine the actual values of V

1

, V

2

and V

3

. [3]

c. For a C

d

= 0.99 determine the theoretical values V

1

, V

2

V

3

Q

1

,Q

2

, and Q

3

. [5]

[Total 25]

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