36 views

Uploaded by api-202513022

- Chpt 10 Vectors
- study guide forces
- English Topology of the Change of From the Free Torque Generator to the Fundaments of the Nonlinear Dynamics 10
- conservationeqs2.pdf
- phy lab
- Physics of baseball
- Cbse Syllabus for Class 11
- 2009 General Review
- 04
- Numerical study of bubble dynamics with the Boundary Element Method
- 9702_w14_qp_11.pdf
- 9 Science Forces&LawofMotion
- Vis Viva controversy
- A Handbook of Physics
- 1617-sci201periodicstudyguidemk
- Precursor Chemicals AR Form-2013
- scee-271-15-sec-2-4.pdf
- Collisions[1]
- Radiation reaction of a classical quasi-rigid extended particle... Rodrigo Medina
- AV114_DS

You are on page 1of 16

Momentum

Momentum is a property of moving matter.

Momentum describes the tendency of objects

to keep going in the same direction with the

same speed.

Changes in momentum result from forces or

create forces.

We dont want to lose our momentum

In everyday language something with a lot of momentum is hard to stop

Momentum Defined

p = m v

p = momentum vector

m = mass

v = velocity vector

Momentum Facts

p = m v

Momentum is a vector quantity!

SI unit for momentum: kg m /s (no special name).

Momentum is directly proportional to both mass and speed.

Something big and slow could have the same momentum as

something small and fast.

Equivalent Momenta

Bus: m = 9000 kg; v = 16 m /s

p = 1.44 10

5

kg m /s

Train: m = 3.6 10

4

kg; v = 4 m /s

p = 1.44 10

5

kg m /s

Car: m = 1800 kg; v = 80 m /s

p = 1.44 10

5

kg m /s

continued on next slide

Question 1

Which has the greater

momentum, an 18-wheeler

parked at the curb or a

Volkswagen rolling down a hill?

Equivalent Momenta (cont.)

The train, bus, and car all have different masses and

speeds, but their momenta are the same in magnitude. N

Note: We can only say that the magnitudes of their

momenta are equal since theyre arent moving in the

same direction.

The difficulty in bringing each vehicle to rest--in terms of a

combination of the force and time required--would be the

same, since they each have the same momentum.

Change in Momentum = F t

Impulse

Impulse is an interaction that changes an

objects momentum. It is a force acting for a

certain time.

So an impulse equals the change in

momentum

Ft = (mv) and we get F= (mv)/t

(the units of impulse are equal equivalent to those of momentum)

Question 2

Which of the following will cause

the larger change in the

momentum of an object- a force

of 2 newtons acting for 10

seconds or a force of 3 newtons

acting for 6 seconds?

Question 3

Now take an instance where you

are in a car crash. Are you safer

when the impulse takes longer or

shorter?

Conservation on Momentum

In the absence of an external net force the

momentum of a closed system is conserved

We assume frictional forces are negligible.

Scientists use this find out a lot of information

like how fast a car was going before it crashed.

Conservation of linear momentum

If the net external force on a system is zero,

the total linear momentum of the system

does not change.

Person standing on giant skateboard at rest

Rifle and bullet

What is total momentum of person on skateboard?

What happens to the skateboard when the person walks

to the right? To the left? (Newtons 3

rd

law: For every

force there is always an equal and opposite force)

Law of Conservation of Momentum

In a closed system, the vector sum of

the momenta before and after an

impact must be equal.

Before After

m

1

v

1

+m

2

v

2

= m

1

v

1

+ m

2

v

2

Even though the person and the

skateboard are moving and,

individually, have momentum, the

total momentum remains zero.

m(person)*v(person) + m(skateboard)*v(skateboard) = 0

Example 1: Recoiling Cannon

A cannon of mass 750kg shoots a cannon

ball of mass 30kg with a velocity of 20m/s.

Find the recoil velocity of the cannon.

m

1

v

1

+m

2

v

2

= m

1

v

1

+ m

2

v

2

Answer: -0.8m/s

Problem 3

A 45 kg student is riding on a 7kg scateboard

with a velocity of +4m/s. The student jumps of

the cart with a velocity of -1m/s. Find the

velocity of the scateboard after the student

jumped off.

Answer: +36m/s

- Chpt 10 VectorsUploaded byBobVale
- study guide forcesUploaded byapi-259781257
- English Topology of the Change of From the Free Torque Generator to the Fundaments of the Nonlinear Dynamics 10Uploaded byBojidar Djordjev
- conservationeqs2.pdfUploaded byVijay Singh
- phy labUploaded byReddyvari Venugopal
- Physics of baseballUploaded byFlyEngineer
- Cbse Syllabus for Class 11Uploaded byedurite_team
- 2009 General ReviewUploaded byJake Meyer
- 04Uploaded byprakush_prakush
- Numerical study of bubble dynamics with the Boundary Element MethodUploaded byfivos_rg
- 9702_w14_qp_11.pdfUploaded byPrakash Sharma
- 9 Science Forces&LawofMotionUploaded byAjay Anand
- Vis Viva controversyUploaded byGyu Bot
- A Handbook of PhysicsUploaded byShivam Kaushik
- 1617-sci201periodicstudyguidemkUploaded byapi-270387817
- Precursor Chemicals AR Form-2013Uploaded byTeetje Belitz
- scee-271-15-sec-2-4.pdfUploaded bySyah Reel
- Collisions[1]Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- Radiation reaction of a classical quasi-rigid extended particle... Rodrigo MedinaUploaded byMiguel Reyes
- AV114_DSUploaded byCarlos Cesar
- Lom-IIUploaded bySankar Kumarasamy
- DDI FARO Platinum ArmUploaded byTropic Thunder
- Lecture1intro5fs FixedUploaded bybobysurya
- Test PhysicsUploaded byShams Shams
- m19Uploaded byEpic Win
- Physics! Unit 07 Packet ETM 2012Uploaded byKelly O'Shea
- final paper desantis-orjadaUploaded byapi-280295460
- JIF103 Assignment 1 (Autosaved)Uploaded bySkywalker_92
- M1 Dynamics - F = ma horizontallyUploaded byNiazHaque
- Large AltaBlue Touch Adhesive Melters Data SheetUploaded byNordson Adhesive Dispensing Systems

- project plan science fair checklistUploaded byapi-202513022
- science fair lab report guidelinesUploaded byapi-202513022
- lr 3 how to write an introductionUploaded byapi-202513022
- good kid presentationUploaded byapi-202513022
- lr 2 sample results and discussionUploaded byapi-202513022
- 11 1 science fair introduction-1 (3)Uploaded byapi-202513022
- the-immune-system-2013Uploaded byapi-202513022
- respiratory system ppt copyUploaded byapi-202513022
- 8 electrostatic situationsUploaded byapi-202513022
- lr 2 how to write a discussion sectionUploaded byapi-202513022
- poster directions for sophomoresUploaded byapi-202513022
- excretory systems quiz 1-10Uploaded byapi-202513022
- the digestive systemUploaded byapi-202513022
- reproductive system powerpoint1Uploaded byapi-202513022
- student friendly achieveUploaded byapi-202513022
- circulatorysystemUploaded byapi-202513022
- week 4 advisory cahsee lessonUploaded byapi-202513022
- my action research presentationUploaded byapi-202513022
- bio ch03-1Uploaded byapi-202513022
- jeremy hypo pituitary powerpointUploaded byapi-202513022
- bio ch03-4Uploaded byapi-202513022
- biology slide 1Uploaded byapi-202513022
- the endocrine systemUploaded byapi-202513022
- bio ch03-3Uploaded byapi-202513022
- winter formal ppUploaded byapi-202513022
- nervous system divisionsUploaded byapi-202513022
- skeletalsystemmenuboardrosen 1Uploaded byapi-202513022
- bio ch03-2Uploaded byapi-202513022
- waves powerpointUploaded byapi-202513022

- Stars ConstellationsUploaded bysayangkuk
- Major Planetary ConfigurationsUploaded byOlivera Vukovic
- 03_ExactSolutionsNSEqUploaded byZohre Bang Tavakoli
- stephen hawking says that were gonna go extinct in 100 yearsUploaded byapi-376373994
- Neutrino Mass: Zatsepin's Time of Flight EstimationUploaded byJohn Michael Williams
- Paper 3 Bellarmine and GalileoUploaded byBr. Paul Nguyen, OMV
- Earth in Solar SystemUploaded bySai Teja
- Dasar- Dasar Radiofarmaka II.pptUploaded byai
- Torque LabUploaded byqueenofthegypsies
- Pi-Space Software TutorialUploaded byMartin Brady
- The Secret Doctrine Vol 1 V3.0.2Uploaded bydannytk
- Astrology and Diabetes MellitusUploaded byrahul106
- ApolloUploaded byViviana Puebla
- 354021318 xUploaded byosegeno654321
- 1250207279_cgepro11086instUploaded byCatalin Bucica
- Sdac Lec Final RevisionUploaded byMuhammad Ishaq Khan
- An Evolutionary Algorithm Derived from Charles Sanders Peirce’s Theory of Universal EvolutionUploaded byju1976
- Kama7Uploaded byKumar
- Science SampleUploaded byJames Xie
- PHYSICS 72 SAMPLEX MIDYEAR 2016Uploaded byCharmaine Coleta
- 2005 [B.dubrulle] Stability and Turbulent Transport in Taylor-Couette Flow From Analysis of Experimental DataUploaded byTont Ekawuth
- Critique of the Traditional Arguments (BR)Uploaded bycory_ruda
- Mineral Evolution: Mineralogy in the Fourth DimensionUploaded byAlonso García Reyes
- Rationalist SpeaksUploaded byManu Varghese
- ME 270 Class Notes - Part 2Uploaded byAustin W80
- Anscombe-The First PersonUploaded byJaime Vilarroig
- Formulas for Structural DynamicsUploaded bydfv91
- High Density Storage of AntimatterUploaded byjohndoe21718
- NASA Solar System Lithograph SetUploaded byOrion2015
- teachers notes booklet 4Uploaded byapi-189958761