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Nutritional value[edit]Walnut, English Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia

Nutritional value per 100 grams


Energy 2,738 kJ (654 kcal)

Carbohydrates 13.71
Starch 0.06
Sugars
lactose 2.61
0
Dietary fiber 6.7

Fat 65.21
Saturated 6.126
Monounsaturated 8.933
Polyunsaturated 47.174

Protein 15.23

Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.
beta-carotene
lutein zeaxanthin (0%)1 g
(0%)12 g
9 g
Vitamin A 20 IU
Thiamine (B1) (30%)0.341 mg
Riboflavin (B2) (13%)0.15 mg
Niacin (B3) (8%)1.125 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5) (11%)0.570 mg
Vitamin B6 (41%)0.537 mg
Folate (B9) (25%)98 g
Vitamin B12 (0%)0 g
Vitamin C (2%)1.3 mg
Vitamin D (0%)0 g
Vitamin D (0%)0 IU
Vitamin E (5%)0.7 mg
Vitamin K (3%)2.7 g

Trace metals
Calcium (10%)98 mg
Iron (22%)2.91 mg
Magnesium (45%)158 mg
Manganese (163%)3.414 mg
Phosphorus (49%)346 mg
Potassium (9%)441 mg
Sodium (0%)2 mg
Zinc (33%)3.09 mg

Other constituents
Water 4.07
Alcohol (ethanol) 0
Caffeine 0
Units
g = micrograms mg = milligrams
IU = International units

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Walnuts are a nutrient-dense food: 100 grams of walnuts contain 15.2 grams of pr
otein, 65.2 grams of fat, and 6.7 grams of dietary fiber. The protein in walnuts
provides many essential amino acids.
While English walnuts are the most common, their nutrient density and profile ar
e significantly different from black walnuts. For example, the Omega-3 fatty aci
d content of English walnuts is approximately 4.5 times that of black walnuts. [
10][11]
Unlike most nuts that are high in monounsaturated fatty acids, walnut oil is com
posed largely of polyunsaturated fatty acids (47.2%), particularly alpha-linolen
ic acid (18:3n - 3; 9.1%) and linoleic acid (18:2n - 6; 38.1%). The beneficial e
ffects of this unique fatty acid profile have been a subject of many studies and
discussions. Banel and Hu concluded in 2009 that while walnut-enhanced diets ar
e promising in short term studies, longer term studies are needed to ascertain b
etter insights.[12]
Non-food applications[edit]
A whole walnut kernel, with both halves unbroken.Medicinal[edit]Black walnut has
been promoted as a potential cancer cure, on the basis it kills a "parasite" re
sponsible for the disease. However, according to the American Cancer Society, "a
vailable scientific evidence does not support claims that hulls from black walnu
ts remove parasites from the intestinal tract or that they are effective in trea
ting cancer or any other disease".[13]
Walnuts have been listed as one of the 38 substances used to prepare Bach flower
remedies,[14] a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its effect on health.
However according to Cancer Research UK, "there is no scientific evidence to pr
ove that flower remedies can control, cure or prevent any type of disease, inclu
ding cancer".[15]
Medical benefits and claims[edit]Raw walnuts contain glyceryl triacylates of the
n-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid (ALA),[16] which is not as effective in hum
ans as long-chain n-3 fatty acids,[17] and (mostly insoluble) antioxidants.[18][
19][20][21][22] Roasting reduces antioxidant quality.[23]
Inks and dyes[edit]The husks of the black walnut Juglans nigra are used to make
an ink for writing and drawing. Walnut ink has good archival properties, and was
used by several great artists including Leonardo da Vinci and Rembrandt.[24]
Walnut husks are used as a brown dye for fabric.[25] Walnut dyes were used in cl
assical Rome and in medieval Europe for dyeing hair.[26]
Cleaning[edit]The United States Army used ground walnut shells for the cleaning
of aviation parts because it was inexpensive and non-abrasive. However, an inves
tigation of a fatal Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopter crash (September 11, 1982 in
Mannheim, Germany) revealed that walnut grit clogged an oil port, leading to th
e accident and the discontinuation of walnut shells as a cleaning agent.[27]