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NCozoo July 30, 2010

Formulas S.N.
(1)
(2)
(3)
EIRP=Tx Power+Antenna Gain-losses (4)
(5)
(6)
Receiver noise density No [dB]=Thermel Noise density[dBm/Hz]+NF[dB] (7)
Noise Floor (Receiver noise power) dB=N
o dB
+10 log(chip rate) (8)
(9)
(10)
Processing Gain
dB
=10 log(chip rate/bit rate)=10 log(3840
kbps
/bit rate
kbps
) (11)
Eb/No
dB
= Ec/Io
dB
+ Processing Gain
dB (12)
Receiver Sensitivity or required minimum signal power or required minimum RSCP
[dB]=Noise Floor dB + SNR (Ec/Io) dB
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)
(21)
(22)
Noise Rise (Interference Margin)[dB]= -10 log(1-UL cell loading factor) (23)
MAPL=EIRP-Receiver sensitivity+Gains-Margins-Losses
S.N.
(1)
(2)
(3)
Receiver noise density No [dB]=Thermel Noise density[dBm/Hz]+NF[dB] (4)
Noise Floor (Receiver noise power) dB=N
o dB
+10 log(chip rate) (5)
(6)
(7)
Processing Gain
dB
=10 log(chip rate/bit rate)=10 log(3840
kbps
/bit rate
kbps
) (8)
Eb/No
dB
= Ec/Io
dB
+ Processing Gain
dB (9)
Receiver Sensitivity or required minimum signal power or required minimum RSCP
[dB]=Noise Floor
dB
+ SNR (Ec/Io)
dB
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
Noise Rise (Interference Margin)[dB]= -10 log(1-DL cell loading factor) (20)
MAPL=EIRP-Receiver sensitivity+Gains-Margins-Losses (21)
UMTS DL link Budget Calculation ( Tx is BS and Rx is MS)
UMTS UL link Budget Calculation ( Tx is UE and Rx is BS)
EIRP=Tx Power+Antenna Gain-losses (22)
Values in Green boxes can be edited
Item Value Unit
Tx Power UE
21 dBm
Tx Antenna Gain 0 dBi
body loss 3 dB
EIRP(MS) includig body loss = (1)+(2)-(3) 18 dBm
Thermal Noise density -174 dBm/Hz
Receiver noise figure (NF) 3 dB
Receiver noise density No = (5)+(6) -171 dBm/Hz
Receiver noise power = (7)+10 log(3.84Mbps) -105.16 dBm
Required E
b
/N
o 4.2 dB
Required bit rate 12 kbps
Procesing gain (PG) = 10log(3840Kbps/(10)) 25.05 dB
Required wideband SNR (Ec/Io)
dB
at receiver= (9)-(11) -20.85 dB
Receiver sensitivity (S) =(8)+(12)
-126.01 dBm
Rx Antenna gain 17.9 dBi
Master Head Amplifier (MHA) gain 0 dB
SHO gain 2 dB
cable and feeder losses 3 dB
Indoor loss (penetration Margin) 21 dB
Slow fading constant 7.5 dB
Slow fading margin 2.2 dB
Fast fade Margin 0 dB
power control imperfection Margin 2 dB
Interference Margin (Noise Rise) 3 dB
MAPL (UL) = (4)-(13)+(14)+(15)+(16)-(17)-(18)-(19)-(20)-(21)-(22)-(23)
125.21 dB
Item Value Unit
To get the link balanced MAPL (DL) = MAPL (UL) 125.21 dB
Thermal Noise density -174 dBm/Hz
Receiver noise figure (NF) 8 dB
Receiver noise density No = (2)+(3) -166 dBm/Hz
Receiver noise power = (4)+10 log(3.84Mbps) -100.16 dBm
Required E
b
/N
o
1.1 dB
Required bit rate 12 kbps
Procesing gain (PG) = 10log(384kbps/(7)) 25.05 dB
Required wideband SNR (Ec/Io)
dB
at receiver= (6)-(8) -23.95 dB
Receiver sensitivity (S) =(5)+(9) -124.11 dBm
Tx Antenna gain 17.9 dBi
cable and feeder losses 3 dB
Master Head Amplifier (MHA) gain 0 dB
SHO gain 2 dB
Indoor loss (penetration Margin) 21 dB
Slow fading constant 7.5 dB
Slow fading margin 2.2 dB
Fast fade Margin 0 dB
power control imperfection Margin 2 dB
Interference Margin (Noise Rise) 3 dB
EIRP(BS)=(1)+(10)-(13)-(14)+(15)+(16)+(17)+(18)+(19)+(20) 34.80 dBm
UMTS DL link Budget Calculation ( Tx is BS and Rx is MS)
UMTS UL link Budget Calculation ( Tx is UE and Rx is BS)
Tx Power (BS)=(21)-(11)+(12) 19.90 dBm/user
Tx Power (BS)= 0.10 watt/user
If no of simultaneous users = 50 users
Then Node B (BS) power should be 4.89 watt
Then Node B (BS) power should be 36.89 dBm
Remark
Okumura-Hata Model
MAPL = 69.55+26.16 log(f)-13.82 log(h
b
)+(44.9 - 6.55 log(h
b
)) log(d)
h
b
25 metre
MAPL = 125.21
f = 900 MHz
26.6log(f) = 78.58
13.82log(hb) = 19.32
44.9-6.55log(hb) = 35.74
log(d) = -0.10
d =
0.79 Km
1800 MHz
COST-231 model
MAPL = 46.3+33.9 log(f)-13.82 log(h
b
)+(44.9 - 6.55 log(h
b
)) log(d)
h
b
50 metre
MAPL = 125.21
f = 1800 MHz
33.9log(f) = 110.35
13.82log(hb) = 23.48
44.9-6.55log(hb) = 33.77
log(d)= -0.24
d = 0.58 Km
U
E

S
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d
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The Propagation Loss Formula
150 MHz to 1500 MHz band
U
E

s
i
d
e
N
o
d
e

B

s
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d
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change antenna
height and
get cell radius