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GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING

COLLEGE
GUDLAVALLERU
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND
COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08


III ECE – II SEM.
HANDOUTS
Instruction Period 10.12.2007 to 09.02.2008 (9W)
Intra Semester Break & Supplementary
Examinations II-I, III-I & IV-I B.Tech. 10-02-2008 to 24-02-2008

Instructions Contd. 25-02-2008 to 19-04-2008 (8W)


Preparation & Practicals 21-04-2008 to 26-04-2008
End examinations 28-04-2008 to 10-05-2008
GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
Commencement
DEPT. of Class work
OF ELECTRONICS ANDfor IV– I Semester: 23-06-2008
COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
NAME OF THE STAFF MEMBER: Ms.CH.N.L.SUNEETHA, Asst. Prof. in MBA

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE

A) AIM OF THE COURSE:

A comprehensive understanding and knowledge of management principles and


contemporary management practices gives everyone a fine touch of one’s own style of
getting things done and will increase the decision making ability. This will enable an
engineer to share the administrative and technical responsibilities efficiently and effectively
pertaining to their future working environment.

Therefore with this conviction only, the subject of Management Science is being included
in the engineering curriculum.

B) OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE:

Upon the completion of the subject, the learner should be able to

 Understand the concepts of Management, Organization and Administration.

 Understand and apply the different motivational theories.

 Recognizes Managerial objectives and Social responsibilities.

 Design plant layout according to the method of production and needed flow
pattern.

 Apply various statistical process control technologies to up keep


productivity

 Design optimum method of doing a work.

 Suggest best pattern of movements of the limbs of operator in carrying out


his work effectively.

 Calculate standard time needed in doing a work and able to eliminate


wastefulness of the precious resource time.

 Understands the Principles and functions of Materials Management.

 Formulate various marketing and selling strategies.

 Know the significance of Human power and the functions of Human


Resource Manager in reinforcing human capital of an industry.

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 Apply different Job evaluation and Merit rating methods.

 Understands the need of Mission, Vision, strategies etc., of any concern in


marching forward towards its destination.

 Apply SWOT analysis.

 Appraise Principle and features of Network Analysis.

 Use techniques of project crashing to optimize time and cost.

2. PRESCRIBED TEXT BOOKS AND REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Koontz and O’Donnel, Principles of Management, Me Graw-Hill Publish-2001.

2. Philip Kother, Marketing Management, 2002-PHI

3. Gary Dessler, Human Resource Management, PEA-2002

4. L.S. Srinath, PERT / CPM, Affiliated East – West Press, New Delhi – 2000

5. W. Glueek & L.R. Jauch, Business Policy and strategic Management, Mc


GR Hill, 1998.

6. A.R. Arya Sri. Management Science for JNTU (B.Tech), TMH-2002.

7. O.P. Khanna, Industrial Engineering and Management Dhanpat Rai – 1999.

8. Chandra Bose, Management and Administration, Prentice Hall-2002

3. GUIDANCE Of BOOKS, JOURNALS,


TERMS PAPERS AND DIGITAL LEARNING MATERIALS AVAILABLE IN THE
COLLEGE:

A) BOOKS:

TULSIAN.PC. : BUSINESS ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT-DELHI: EANRSON


EDUCATION – 2003

MAZDA.FRAIDAM : ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT – HARLOW: A.W, 2000

KOONTZ.HAROLD : ESSENTIAL OF MANAGEMENTS-EW.DELHI: TMH, 2000

KOONTZ.HAROLD : ESSENTIAL OF MANAGEMENTS-EW.DELHI: TMH, 1990

GOPALA KRISHNAN.P : HAND BOOK OF MATERIALS MANAGEMENT-8TH NEW DELHI: PHI,


2002

DESSLER. GARY : HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT- 5TH- NEW DELHI: BIZTAMTRA,


2004

L.M.PRASAD : HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMNT – 2ND – NEW DELHI, SULTHAN


CHAND, 2005

L.M. PRASAD : PRINCIPLES OF MANAEMENT

Electronics and Communication Engineering 3


O.P. KHANNA : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT

KUMAR.B : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING-6TH – DELHI: KHANNA, 1999

AHUJA. K.K. : INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVOUR-7TH


– DELHI: KHANNA, 2001

DINESH KUMAR : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-1ST – NEW DELHI:


GALGOTIA, 2000

RAVI SANKAR : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-1ST – NEW DELHI:


GALGOTIA, 2000

SK. SARMA : INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT-


NEW DELHI:SK. KATARIA, 2002

MAHAJAN. SL INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT-2ST – NEW


DELHI:SATYAPRAKASAM, 1998

KRISHAN MURTHY.N. : INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP- 5TH –


ONGOLE :SRINIVASA, 2002

PHILIP KOTIER : MARKETING MANAGEMENT-10TH – NEW DELHI-PH, 1999

FLIPPO. EDWIN B. : PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT – 6TH – NEWYORK: M.G.H., 1984

MAMORIA.CB : PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT – 12TH – MUMBAI: HIMALAYA, 1999

MONAPPA. ARUN : PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT – 2ND –NEW DELHI: T.M.H, 2002

SRINATH.L.S. : PERT AND CPM PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATION-3RD – NEW DELHI,


EAST_WEST, 2004

VARMA.M.M : PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT-DELHI: KING BOOKS, 2003

SARMA D.D. : TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT – NEW DELHI, S. CHAND, 2003

I.L.O. : WORK STUDY

B) JOURNALS:

I. PRINT JOURNALS :
a. Journal of Indian Management
b. Indian Journal of Marketing
c. Industrial Engineering Journal
d. I E Production Engineering

II. E – JOURNALS :
a. Journal Management of Engineering
b. Leadership and Management in Engineering

III. MAGAZINES :
a. The Economist
b. F ar Easteen Economic
c. Business Today

IV. NEWS PAPERS:


a. Business times

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b. Editorial of Deccan Chronical of every Monday
c.

4. GUIDANCE ON URLS RELATED TO THE SUBJECTS :

1. http://scitation.aip.org/meo
2. http://scitation.aip.org/leo
3. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02632373

5. SESSION PLANS & REVISION SCHEDULE:

In the beginning of the every next class the previous topic will be reviewed for a
while, besides, after completing one unit again the entire unit will be reviewed in a class
for one period.

6. COUNSELING HOURS WITH TEACHER FOR CLEARING THE DOUBTS OF


STUDENTS:

Students can approach in between 3.30 PM – 4.30 PM in all working days of the
college, except Saturday.

7. A) ASSIGNMENT:

Assignments will be given on the topic so far completed in the unit.

B) TUTORIALS:

Tutorials will be arranged according to the instructions received from the Head of
the Department.

C) DISTRIBUTION OF SESSIONAL MARKS:

The performance of a student shall be evaluated for 100 marks in the subject
“Management Science.” As per the JNTU curriculum, the distribution shall be 20 marks
for internal evaluation and 80 marks for the end semester descriptive type examination.

In internal evaluation, there will be five objective type tests for duration of 20
minutes each. These mids will be conducted for every three weeks. Each test shall
contain 20 objective type questions for 20 marks. Out of 5 internal tests, best four tests
will be considered for the award of 20 sessional marks.

D) THE SCHEDULE OF INTERNAL EVALUATION TESTS:

Quiz 1 and Mid-1 (Cycle-1) - 25th February 2008 to 3rd March 2008

Quiz-2 and Mid-2 (Cycle-2) - 14th April 2008 to 23rd April 2008

Electronics and Communication Engineering 5


F) ATTENDANCE:

Attendance will be called for the students in the beginning of the every class.

LECTURE SCHEDULE FOR MANAGEMENT SCIENCE


FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2007 – 08
III B.TECH. - II SEMESTER
BRANCH: ECE

UNIT – I: INTRODUCTION TO THE MANAGEMENT: No.of Periods

Concept of Management 1
Functions of Management and Systems approach to Management 1
Evolution of Management Thought 1
Taylor’s Scientific Management & its Principles 1
Henry Fayol’s Principles of Management 1
Douglas Mc-Gregor’s Theory X and Theory Y,
Mayo’s Hawthrone experiments 1
Hertzberg’s Two factor theory of Motivation &
Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs. 1
Leadership Styles, Social Responsibilities of Management 1
Revision 1

UNIT II: DESIGNING ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURES:

Basic Concept of Organization and its principles-


Departmentation & Decentralisation 1
Types of Mechanic Structures of Organisation. 1
Types of Organic Structures of Organisation 1
Revision 1

UNIT – III: INTRODUCTION TO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

Principles and Types of Plant Layout 1


Methods of Production(Job, Batch & Mass) 1
Work Study-Basic Procedure involved in Method Study. 1
Basic Procedure involved in Work Measurement. 1
Statistical Quality Control. 1
Acceptance Sampling, Deming’s contribution to quality 1
Revision 1

UNIT IV: MATERIALS MANAGEMENT:

Objectives, Need for Inventory Control 1


EOQ & ABC Analysis 1
Purchase Procedure 1
Stores Management & Stores Records 1
Marketing – functions of Marketing ,Marketing Mix 1
Stages in Product Life Cycle 1

Electronics and Communication Engineering 6


Channels of Distribution. 1
Revision 1

UNIT – V: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (HRM):

Concepts of HRM, HRM Vs PMIR 1


Basic Functions of HR Manager. 1
Manpower Planning 1
Recruitment, Selection, Training & Development,
Placement, Wage and Salary Administration 1
Promotion, Transfer, Separation,Performance Appraisal. 1
Grievance Handling and Welfare Administration 1
Job Evaluation Vs. Merit Rating 1
Revision 1

UNIT – VI: PROJECT MANAGEMENT(PERT / CPM):

Network Analysis 1
Concept of PERT 1
Numerical Problems on PERT 2
Concept of CPM 1
Numerical Problems on CPM 2
Project Cost Analysis and Project Crashing. 1
Simple Problems on Crashing 2
Revision 1

UNIT – VII: STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT:

Mission, Goals, Objectives, Policy, Strategy, Programmes. 1


Elements of Corporate Planning Process 1
Environmental Scanning 1
Value Chain Analysis & SWOT Analysis 1
Stages in Strategy Formulation and Implementation-
Generic Strategy alternatives 1
Revision 1

UNIT- VIII: CONTEMPORARY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES:

Basic Concepts of MIS, End User Computing 1


MRP, JIT & TQM 1
Six sigma and Capability Maturity Model (CMM) 1
Supply Chain Management 1
ERP, Performance Management 1
BPO & Business Process Re-Engineering 1
Bench marking and Balanced Score Card 1
----
Total No. of Periods 60
----

SUBMITTED BY:

CH.N.L.SUNEETHA,

Electronics and Communication Engineering 7


ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,
PG DEPT. OF M.B.A.,
GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE,
GUDLAVALLERU.

CH.N.L.SUNEETHA
GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS AND NETWORKS
NAME OF THE STAFF MEMBER: Sri B.NANCHARAIAH, Associate Professor in ECE

AIM:
To days telecommunication network is a complex inter connection of variety of
heterogeneous switching systems. Presently, two important class of telecommunication
networks, Viz. Public switched telephone network (PSTN) and public data network (PDN)
are in wide use. This course deals with different kinds of telecommunication switching
systems and networks that are available for communication.
In a JNTU curriculum, the subject “TSSN” is offered at III B.Tech (ECE)-II semester
level. The students have studied electronic devices and circuits, network theory at I
B.Tech level, Analog communications at II B.Tech II semester level, Digital communication
at III B.Tech I semester level and IC applications at III B.Tech I semester level. The basic
principles learnt in the above mention subjects will be the foundation for the students to
initiate the subject TSSN. Hence it is a quite appropriate to offer this subject in this
semester. The concepts of this subject are useful in computer networks, Optical
communication, Satellite communication, Cellular and mobile communication at IV B.Tech
level.
OBJECTIVES:
Upon completion of the course, the student shall be able
1. To understand the working principle of Telecommunication switching systems.
2. To understand the working of telephone networks.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Tele communication switching system and networks - Thyagarajan Viswanath, PHI,
2000.
2. Advanced electronic communications systems - Wayne Tomasi, PHI, 2004.
REFERENCES:
1. Digital telephony - J. Bellamy, John Wiley, 2nd edition, 2001.
2. Data Communications & Networks - Achyut. S.Godbole, TMH, 2004.
3. Principles of Communication Systems – H. Taub & D. Schilling , TMH, 2nd Edition,2003.
4. Data Communication & Networking - B.A. Forouzan, TMH, 3rd Edition, 2004.
5. Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks - J E Flood, Pearson Education,
2002.
BOOKS AVAILABLE IN LIBRARY:
1. Electronic communications systems, George Kennedy, Mc Grahill.
2. Basic telecommunication, S. Rama bhadran, Khanna publications.
3. Computer networks, A. S. Tanenbaum, PHI.
4. SONET/SDH and ATM, Lopoulos, PHI.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 8


5. Optical fiber communications, gerand Keisar, Mc Grahill.
6. Advanced Electronic communications systems through fundamentals, Wayne
Tomasi, Pearson education.

JOURNAL & MAGAZINES:


1. IEEE Journal on selected areas in communications
2. IEEE communications magazines.
3. IEEE transactions on communications.
4. IEEE transactions on networking.
5. IETE Journal
URL’S:
1. http://www.ieeexplore.ieee.org
2. http://www.acm.org

CONSULTING HOURS:
For clearing the doubts, the students can approach on all working days between 3.30PM
to 4.30PM.
ASSIGNMENT:
After completion of every two units an assignment test is conducted for 10 marks. Those
students get less than ‘7’marks, they have to submit assignment. The assignment test
questions are given in handout.

TUTORIALS:
Tutorial classes will be conducted to clear the doubts, to answer the previous university
question papers and to take special care of weak students.
SEMINAR TOPICS:
(i) Telecommunication Network Optimization
(ii) Security and Privacy Issues in Telecommunication
(iii) Voice Over IP
(iv) 4G Wireless Systems

LECTURE SCHEDULE
No. of Periods
UNIT I - TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS
Introduction 3
Elements of switching systems 1
Switching network configuration 2
Principles of cross bar switching 2
Total 8

UNIT II -TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS


Electronic space division switching 4
Time division switching 3
Combination switching 1
Total 8
UNIT III - TELEPHONE NETWORKS
Subscriber loop systems 2

Electronics and Communication Engineering 9


Switching hierarchy and routing 1
Transmission plan 1
Numbering plan 1
Charging plans 1
Total 6

UNIT IV- SIGNALING TECHNIQUES


Signaling Techniques 2
In channel signaling 1
Common channel signaling 1
Network traffic load and parameters 1
Grade of service and blocking probability 1
Total 6

UNIT V - DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS


Introduction 1
Network architecture &
Layered network architecture 1
Protocols 1
Data communications hardware 1
Data communication circuits 1
Total 5

UNIT VI - DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS


Public switched data networks 1
Connection oriented & connection less service 1
Circuit Switching and packet switching 1
Virtual circuit switching concepts, 1
OSI reference model 1
LAN, WAN, MAN 1
Internet & Repeaters 1
Bridges, Routers and gate ways 1
Total 8

UNIT VII - INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK (ISDN)


Introduction & motivation 1
ISDN architecture 1
ISDN interfaces,
Functional grouping & reference points 1
Protocol architecture 1
Signaling 1
Numbering & addressing 1
BISDN 1
Total 7
UNIT VIII – DSL & SONET
ADSL & Cable Modem 1
Traditional Cable Networks& HFC Networks 1
Sharing & CM 1
CMTS & DOCSIS 1
SONET: Devices &Frame 1
Frame Transmission 1

Electronics and Communication Engineering 10


Synchronous Transport Signals, STS I 1
Virtual Tributaries and Higher rate of service 1
Total 8

Total No. of Periods : 56


ASSIGNMENT TEST – I
(UNIT I &II)
1. (a) What are the different service specific Tele communication networks?
(b) Explain about the elements of switching system?
2. (a) Obtain blocking probability for a two stage time space switch?
(b) Draw the block diagram for memory controlled time division space switch?
3. (a) Write about the classification of switching systems?
(b)Explain about the major telecommunication networks in current days?
4. (a) Explain about various methods of time division switching?
(b)Explain how time multiplexed space switches does not provide full availability?
5. Differentiate between input controlled time division space switch and output Controlled
time division space switch?
6. Discuss about phased operation and slotted operation in time division switching?
7. (a) Write about the three modes of operation in dual processor architecture?
(b) How the functions of controlled sub system are divided in to levels?
8. (a) Write about the Design parameters for time division space switch and compare
with that of a space division switch?
(b)Explain the principle of time slot inter change (TSI) using an example?
9. (a) Explain about the principles of cross bar switching?
(b) Explain about the concept of stored program controlled?
10. (a) Write about the two modes of operation of time division time switching?
(b)Write about the design parameters of switching system?
11. Derive the expression for availability figures for single and dual processor?
12. (a) Write about practical configurations of time multiplexed time switches?
(b)What are the advantages with electronic switching?
ASSIGNMENT TEST– II
(UNIT III&IV)
1. Explain about architecture of SS7?
2. (a) Write about the functions of performed by subscriber loop interface?
(b) Explain the operation of Echo suppressor?
3. (a) What are the different forms of signaling in telecommunication networks?
(b) Explain about the methods deciding the route for a particular connection?
4. (a) Write about numbering plan?
(b) Discuss about the signaling techniques used by SS1 to SS5 bis?
5. (a) Describe about subscriber loop system?
(b) Define the following terms
(i) Parity lines
(ii) Concentrators
(iii) Carrier System
6. (a) Differentiate between in channel signaling and common channel signaling?
(b) Explain about the factors that limit subscriber loop length?

Electronics and Communication Engineering 11


7. (a) Write about transmission loss budget?
(b) Write functionalities of the following
(i) Signaling data link
(ii) Signaling link
(iii) Signaling network
(iv) SCCP

8. (a) Explain network traffic load and its parameters?


(b) What is meant by grade of service and blocking probability and discuss?

ASSIGNMENT TEST– III


(UNIT V&VI)

1. (a) Briefly discuss about all layers of the OSI reference model?
(b) Explain about circuit switching and message switching?

2. (a) Explain in detail about connection-oriented and connectionless services. What is


the principle differences between connectionless communication and connection
Oriented communications?
(b) Explain about the packet switching. What are the differences between circuit
switching and packet switching?
3. (a) What are the differences between circuit switching networks and virtual-circuit
networks?
(b) Explain LAN, MAN and WAN?

4. Write short notes on following


(i)Internet (ii) repeater (iii) bridges (iv) routers (v) gateways

5. (a) List and describe the basic components that make up a data communications
circuits.
(b) Explain data communication hardware?

6. (a) Explain layered networks architecture?


(b) Draw ISO-OSI protocol hierarchy and explain the functions of each layer?

7. (a) Briefly describe the layout for a packet switched data networks?
(b) List and describe the most common LAN topologies.

B.NANCHARAIAH

Electronics and Communication Engineering 12


GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
NAME OF THE STAFF MEMBER: Sri CH.V.RAMA RAO, Associate Professor in Dept. ECE

AIM:
To give fundamental principles of discrete time signal & systems, designing of
digital filters and introduction to DSP processors.

OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE:


In our JNTU Curriculum, the subject “DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING” (EC 3223) is
offered at III B.Tech (II Sem.) level. This course covers the techniques of digital signal
processing that are fundamental to a wide variety of application areas. We will review the
mathematical basis of discrete-time signal analysis, discuss the theory and
implementation of fast Fourier transform algorithms, and discuss the design and
implementation of digital filters. Discuss on introductory treatment of advanced techniques
like multirate digital signal processing. We will conclude the course with a discussion of
introduction to DSP processors.
The basic principles learnt in this subject will be the foundation for the students to initiate
into the subject.

EC05173 (ELECTIVE-II) - DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


EC 05183 - DSP PROCESSORS AND ARCHITECTURES

Text books:
1. Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications- Proakis, J.Gard and
D.G.Manolakis, 3rd Edn. PHI,1996.
2. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing – Robert J.Schilling & Sandra L Harris,
Thomson, 2005.
3. Digital Signal Processing – by A.V.Oppenheim & R.W.Schafer (PHI)
4. Digital Filter Analysis and Design –by A.Antoniou, TMH
Reference books:
1. Digital Signal Processing – A.V.Oppenheim & R.W.Schafer, PHI, 1989.
2. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Proceesing- Loney Ludeman
3. Digital Signal Processing – S.Salivahanan et.al., TMH. 2000
4. Digital Signal Processing – Thomans J.Cavicchi, WSE, John Wiley, 2004
5. Digital Signal Processors, Architecture, programming & Applications – B. Venkata
Ramani, M.Bhaskar, TMH, 4th reprint, 2004.
ADDITIONAL BOOKS AVAILABLE IN COLLEGE LIBRARY:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 13


1. Digital Signal Processing – by W.D.Stanely et.al. Resin Publ.
2. Digital Signal Processing – S.K.Mitra (TMH)
3. Digital Signal Processing – P.Ramesh babu
4. Digital Signal Processing – Srinivas
5. Digital Signal Processing – Nagoorkani
6. Digital Signal Processing – Salivahanan.S, A.Vallavaraj
7. Network analysis & filter design – Aatre
Digital learning Materials:
Digital signal processing by Prof.S.C. Dutta Roy, IIT Delhi
Journals:
IEEE Transactions on signal processing (printed)
IEEE signal processing (magazine)

URL’s:
1. www.ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber97
2. www.ieeexplore.ieee.org/servlet/opac?punumber79

SESSION PLAN:

Note: This information is provided only to give you a rough idea of how the course
material will be presented

Name of the Topic No. of Periods


UNIT-I
1. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing 01
discrete time Signals and sequences
2. Linear Shift invariant systems 01
3. Stability and causality 01
4. Linear Constant coefficient difference equations 02
5. Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems 02
UNIT-II
DISCRETE FOURIER SERIES
1. Properties of discrete Fourier Series 02
2. DFS representation of periodic sequences 01
3. Discrete Fourier Transforms, Properties of DFT 02
4. Linear convolution of sequences using DFT 01
5. Computation of DFT 01

UNIT - III

1. Fast Fourier transforms (FFT), Radix-2, decimation in time 02


2. Decimation in frequency FFT Algorithms 02
3. Inverse FFT 01
UNIT-IV
1. Application of Z-transforms 02
2. Solution of difference equations of digital filters 02

Electronics and Communication Engineering 14


3. System function, stability criterion 02
4. Frequency response of stable systems 01
5. Realization of digital filters, direct canonic, 02
6. Cascade & parallel forms, Lattice structures 02

UNIT-V: IIR DIGITAL FILTERS:


1. Analog filter approximations - Butterworth 01
2. Analog filter approximations- Chebyshev 01
3. Design of IIR digital filters from analog filters 01
4. Bilinear Transformation methods 01
5. Step & Impulse invariance techniques 01
4. Spectral transformations 01
UNIT-VI: FIR DIGITAL FILTERS:
1. Characteristics of FIR digital filters, Frequency response 02
2. Design of FIR Digital filters using Window Techniques 03
3. Comparison of IIR and FIR filters 01

UNIT-VII

1. Multirate digital signal processing -Decimation 01


2. Multirate digital signal processing - Interpolation 01
3. Sampling rate conversion 01
4. Filter design and implementation for Sampling rate conversion 02

UNIT-VIII

1. Introduction to programmable DSPs 01


2. MAC 01
3. DSPs multiple access memory 02
4. Multiport memory 01
5. VLSI architecture 01
6. Pipelining, Special addressing modes 02
7. On-chip Peripherals 01
7. Features of TMS 320CXX Processors 01
8. Intel architecture 01

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Total Number of Periods 58
-----

CONSULTING HOURS WITH TEAHER FOR CLEARING THE DOUBTS OF STUDENTS:


MONDAY TO FRIDAY - 3.30 PM TO 4.30 PM
SATURDAY - 12.00 PM TO 12.45 PM

ASSIGNMENTS & TUTORIALS:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 15


Tutorial classes will be to clear doubts, to solve problems in university question
paper, to solve some additional problems and to take special care of weak students.
After completion of each unit, there is a descriptive test. If any student fails to get
70% marks, then they have to submit the assignments.

CONTINUOUS EVALUATION PROCEDURE:

The performance of a student shall be evaluated for 100 marks in the subject Digital
Signal Processing. As per the J.N.T.U curriculum, the distribution shall be 20 marks for
internal evaluation and 80 marks for the end semester descriptive type examination.

In internal evaluation, there will be 2 objective type tests each for a duration of 20
minutes each and 2 subjective type tests each for a duration of 90 minutes each. One
objective type test and one subjective test to be conducted in1-4 units and one objective
type test and one subjective test are to be conducted in 5-8 units. The best three tests will
be considered for awarding 20 sessionals marks.

Internal Evaluation Test Schedule:

Quiz 1 and Mid-1 (Cycle-1) - 25th February 2008 to 3rd March 2008

Quiz-2 and Mid-2 (Cycle-2) - 14th April 2008 to 23rd April 2008

ATTENDANCE:

A student has to put in a minimum of 75% of attendance in aggregate of all the subjects
for eligibility to take the end examinations and for acquiring the credits.

STAFF MEMBER:
CH.V.RAMA RAO
Associate Professor
Dept. of ECE
Gudlavalleru Engineering College
GUDLAVALLERU-521356

CH.V.RAMA RAO

Electronics and Communication Engineering 16


GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: VLSI DESIGN
NAME OF THE STAFF MEMBER: Mrs.Y.SYAMALA, Asst. Prof. in ECE

AIM:
The aim of VLSI Design course is to know how to fabricate IC chips. The evolution of very
large scale integration (VLSI) technology has developed to the print millions of transistors
can be integrated on a single die or chip. This course is also useful to expose students to
advanced IC design technology and methodology and design flow. The students will use
modern integrated Electronic Design Automation (EDA) software tools to accomplish
Schematic capture, simulation, layout, extraction, design verification and placement and
routing.

OBJECTIVE:
The course of VLSI design proceeds for III Year ECE under graduates to a solid and
fundamental engineering view of digital system operation and how to design
systematically well performing digital VLSI systems exceeding consistently customer
expectations and competitor fears.
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Basic VLSI Design Systems and Circuits – by Douglas A.Pucknell, Kamran


Eshraghian, PHI.
2. Modern VLSI Design – by Wayne Wolf, Pearson Education
REFERENCE:
1. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and Systems – by John P.Uyemura, John Wiley.
2. Application Specific Integrated Circuits – by Michel John Sebastian Smith, Addison
Wesley.
3. Introduction to VLSI Design – Eugine D.Fabricus, McGraw Hill
4. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design- Neil M.E.Weste
JOURNALS:

1. IEEE Transaction VLSI Systems


2. IEEE Journal on Electronics
3. Electronics Today

MAGAZINES:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 17


1. Electronics for you
2. Electrical Electronics

VIDEO COURSES: DIGITAL LEARNING MATERIALS:


1. VLSI Technology – Prof.S.Kal – IIT Khargpur – 47 Units
2. VLSI Devices and Models – Prof.S.K.Lahari – IIT Khargpur – 50 Units.

CD:
Electronic Devices – Introduction topics
URL’s:
1. www.vlsidesign.com
2. www.google.com

LESSON PLAN:
TOPIC No. of Periods

UNIT-I: INTRODUCTION

Introduction to IC technology 01
Planar process technologies :
Crystal growth of the wafer, epitaxial growth 02
Oxidation 02
Lithography Techniques 01
Diffusion process 01
Ion Implantation 01
Metallization, Encapsulation, Testing 01
Basics of MOS transistors 01
Fabrication of NMOS, PMOS, CMOS, BICMOS technologies 03
Integrated Resistors and Capacitors 01

UNIT-II: BASIC ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES


Basic Electrical Properties of MOS and BICMOS circuits 01
ID - VD characteristics 01
Device parameters - VT, GM, gds 02
Figure of Merit W0, pass transistor 01
NMOS Inverter, various pull ups,
a) NMOS inverter driven by another NMOS 02
b) NMOS inverter driven by one or more pals transistors 02
CMOS inverter analysis and design 01
BiCMOS inverters 01

UNIT-III: VLSI CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESS:


Design Flow 01
MOS layers 01
Stick Diagram 02
Design Rules and layout 01
2 micro meter CMOS design rules for wires 01

Contacts and transistors Layout diagrams for


NMOS and CMOS INVERTERS AND GATES 02
Scaling of MOS circuits, limitations of scaling 01

Electronics and Communication Engineering 18


UNIT-IV: GATE LEVEL DESIGN
Switch logic, Logic Gates and Other complex gates 01
Alternate gate circuits, Basic Circuit concepts 01
Sheet resistance RS, Area Capacitance Units 02
Calculations-Inverter Delays 01
Driving large Capacitive Loads, wiring capacitances 01
Fan-in and Fan-out, Choice of layers 01

UNIT-V: SUBSYSTEM DESIGN


Shifters, Adders 02
ALUs, Multipliers, Parity generators 01
Comparators 01

Zero/One Detectors, Counters 01


High Density Memory element 01

UNIT-VI: SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN:

Programmable Logic Devices (a) PLA (b) PAL 02


FPGAs 01
CPLDs 01
Standard Cells 01

UNIT-VII: VHDL SYNTHESIS


VHDL synthesis 01
Circuit Design Flow 01
Circuit Synthesis, Simulation 01

Layout 01
Design Capture tools 01
Design Verification tool 01
Test Principles 02

UNIT-VIII: CMOS TESTING


Need for CMOS testing 01
Test Principles, Design Strategies for test 01

Chip level Test Techniques,


Layout Design for improved Testability 02

----
Total No. of Periods 64
----
CONSULTING HOURS:

Students have to consult to clarify their doubts in between 3.30 PM to 4.20 PM from
Monday to Friday.

CONTINUOUS EVALUATION PROCEDURE:

Candidates will be assessed on the basis of 4 internal evaluation test i.e., 2 descriptive
tests for 30 marks and 2 on-line tests for 20 marks. 30 marks of the descriptive test are
equalized to 20 marks.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 19


The average of the best 3 internal evaluation tests will be taken into consideration for
award of sessional marks.

DURATION OF INTERNAL TEST:

Descriptive test : 1 hour 30 minutes


On-Line Test : 20 minutes

Internal Evaluation Test Schedule:

Quiz 1 and Mid-1 (Cycle-1) - 25th February 2008 to 3rd March 2008
Quiz-2 and Mid-2 (Cycle-2) - 14th April 2008 to 23rd April 2008

Attendance: According to JNTU student must maintain 75% of attendance. It is


advisable to maintain above 90%.

TUTORIALS & ASSIGNMENTS:

UNIT-I

1. With neat sketches explain about NMOS fabrication sequence.


2. With neat sketch explain about electron lithography process.
3. With neat sketches explain about oxidation process.
4. With neat sketches explain how diodes and resistors are fabricated in CMOS process.
5. Explain about diffusion process in IC fabrication technology.

UNIT-II
1. Clearly explain the Body effect of the MOSFET.
2. Clearly explain the about channel length modulation of the MOSFET?
3. Explain figure of Merit of a MOS Transistor.
4. Compare between CMOS on bipolar technologies.
5. Show the derivation for Ids - Vds of MOS transistor.
6. Explain the formation of the inversion layer in p-channel enhancement MOSFET.
7. Derive an equation for trans-conductance of an n-channel enhancement MOSFET.
8. Derive an equation for threshold voltage of a MOS transistor?
9. Derive the equation for pull up to pull down ratio of an NMOS transistor.
10. Explain the transfer characteristics of a CMOS inverter.

UNIT-III

1. Write neatly about VLSI Design flow?


2. Design a stick diagram for PMOS XOR gate?
3. Design a stick diagram for CMOS logic y= ( A + B).C .
4. Design a stick diagram for CMOS logic shown below y= ( A + B + C )
5. Design a stick diagram for CMOS logic shown below y= ( A + B + CD)
6. What is a stick diagram and explain about different symbols used for components in
stick diagram?
7. Explain about Design rules?
8. Design a layout diagram for CMOS inverter.
9. Design a layout diagram for CMOS logic shown below y= ( A + B + C )
10. Design a layout diagram for PMOS logic shown y = ( AB + CD )

Electronics and Communication Engineering 20


UNIT-IV
1. Find out Sheet Resistance, inverter delay, Fan-in, Fan-out by considering some
examples.

UNIT-V
1. Explain the operation of shifters, Adders.
2. Explain about subsystem Design.
3. Explain about ALUs, Parity generators.

UNIT-VI
1. With neat diagrams, explain about FPGA’S?
2. With neat diagrams, explain about CPLD’s?
3. Using PLA implement half adder circuit?
4. Implement 4-2 encoder using PROM?
5. Implement full adder using PAL?
6. Explain about gate array based ASIC’s
(a) channel gate arrays
(b) channel less gate arrays
(c) Structured gate arrays

UNIT-VII:

1. Explain the steps involved in ASIC design flow?


2. Define the term DFT and explain about it?
3. Explain test procedure to test sequential logic?
4. Explain about flattering, factoring, mapping with respect to synthesis process.

UNIT-VIII
1. Write about CMOS Testing.
2. Differentiate between chip-level Test Techniques, System-level Test Techniques.

Y.SYAMALA

Electronics and Communication Engineering 21


GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: MICROWAVE ENGINEERING
NAME OF THE STAFFMEMBER: Ms.N.Sravanthi, Asst. Professor in ECE

1. AIM AND OBJECTIVE:

Microwaves are extensively used now-a-days in communications, radar, TV, domestic


ovens, apart from other industrial commercial and biomedical applications. A good
knowledge of microwaves would help a communication engineer in designing systems
using microwaves for any application.
1. Unit1 deals with microwave frequency bands, applications of microwaves, and the
theory of electromagnetic wave propagation in rectangular waveguides. Solving the
wave equation with proper boundary conditions expressions for different field
components are derived. Unit 2 deals with the theory of electromagnetic wave
propagation in circular waveguides, Microstrip Lines and Cavity resonators.
2. Waveguide components like probes, loops, attenuators, phase shifters and their
applications are discussed in Unit 3. These components are used in arranging a
microwave communication network. Unit 4 deals with some more waveguide
components like ferrites and S-matrix is derived for the components such as E-plane
Tee, H-plane Tee, Magic Tee and Directional couplers.
3. Unit 5 discusses the limitations of conventional tubes for use at microwave
frequencies, different types of microwave tubes their construction, operating principle
and performance characteristics. These tubes are used as sources and amplifiers.
Unit 6 deals with the significance, types and characteristics of the slow wave tubes.
The introduction to M-Tubes, its cross field effects; types, modes of operation of
Magnetrons are also discussed.
4. Unit 7 discusses the microwave semiconductor devices like Gunn diode, and
avalanche transit time devices. In Unit-8, microwave measurement techniques are
explained which include measurement of frequency, impedance, VSWR and power
etc.

2. MICROWAVE BOOKS:

PRESCRIBED TEXT BOOKS & REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Microwave devices and circuits – Samuel Y.Liao, PHI 3rd Edition, 1994.
2. Microwave Principles – Herbet J.Reich, J.G.Skolnik, P.F.Ordung and H.L.Krauss, CBS
Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, 2004.
3. Electronic communications systems – George Kennedy McGraw Hill \
4. Microwave Engineering – Annapurna Das, Sisir K Das Tata McGraw Hill
5. Microwave and Radar engineering – M.Kulkarni

Electronics and Communication Engineering 22


6. Electronic and Radio Engineering – Frederic & E.Terman, McGraw Hill.
Further reference:

7. Foundations for microwave engineering – R.E.Collins, McGraw Hill


8. Microwave Engineering – B.L.Rao
9. Microwave Engineering – Monojit Mitra
10. Microwave Engineering – Sanjeev Gupta
11. Microwaves – M.L.Sisodia, Vijay Laxmi Gupta
12. Microwave (Second Edition) Engineering – David M.Pozar
13. Microwave Engineering – AK Gautam
14. Microwave Engineering – Arpana singh Namita Jain
15. Microwave Engineering – V.S.Bagad
16. Basic microwave techniques and laboratory manual – ML Sisodia, GS Raghuvanshi
3. GUIDANCE ON BOOKS, JOURNALS, TERM PAPERS, DIGITAL LEARNING MATERIALS
AVAILABLE IN THE COLLEGE ON THE SUBJECT:
The prescribed text and reference books are available in library

4. GUIDANCE ON URL’s RELATED TO THE SUBJECT:


www.microwaves.com, Microwave journal.
5.SESSION PLAN:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 23


Topic Periods
Unit-I Microwave Transmission Lines[1]:
Introduction- Microwave Spectrum and Bands – Applications 1
Rectangular Waveguides-analysis, TE, TM Modes, Expressions for
Fields, Characteristic Equation and cut off frequencies, Filter
Characteristics, Dominant Modes and Degenerate Modes, Sketches 8
of Electric and Magnetic fields for different modes in the cross
section of Rectangular Waveguide.
Mode Characteristics of waveguide-Phase and Group velocities,
Wavelengths and Impedance Relations, Power Transmission and 4
Power Losses in Rectangular waveguide. Related Problems.
Unit-II Circular Waveguides[1]:
Introduction, Nature of fields, Characteristic Equation, Dominant and
Degenerate Modes, Impossibility of TEM Mode. 2
Microstrip Lines [1]-Introduction, Z0 Relations, Effective Dielectric
Constant, Losses, Q Factor. 2
Cavity Resonators [1] - Introduction, Rectangular and Cylindrical
Cavities, Dominant modes and Resonant Frequencies, Q factor and 4
Coupling Coefficients. Related Problems.
Unit-III Waveguide Components and Applications – I :
Coupling Mechanisms-Probe, Loop, Aperture types. Waveguide
Discontinuities-Waveguide Irises, Tuning Screws and Posts, 3
Matched Loads.
Waveguide Attenuators-Resistive Card, Rotary Vane Types;
Waveguide Phase Shifters-Dielectric, Rotary Vane Types. 2
Waveguide Multiport Junctions- E-plane and H-plane Tees, Magic
Tee, Hybrid Ring; Directional Couplers-2 Hole, Bethe Hole types. 3
Unit IV Waveguide Components and Applications – II :
Ferrites [3] – Composition and Characteristics, Faraday Rotation;
Ferrite Components – Gyrator, Isolator, Circulator. 3
Scattering Matrix [3] – Significance, Formulation and Properties,
S-Matrix Calculations for – 2 port Junction, E plane and H plane 9
Tees, Magic Tee, Direction Coupler, Circulator and Isolator. Related
problems.
Unit V Microwave Tubes – I[1,2] :
Limitations and Losses of Conventional tubes at microwave
frequencies. Microwave Tubes-O type and M type Classifications. 2
O-Type tubes: Two cavity klystron- Structure, Reentrant Cavities,
Velocity modulation Process and Applegate diagram, Bunching 4
Process and Small Signal Theory- Expressions for Output Power
and Efficiency
Reflex Klystron- Structure, Applegate Diagram and Principle of 6
working, Mathematical Theory of Bunching, Power Output,
Efficiency, Electronic Admittance, Oscillating modes and Output
Characteristics, Electronic and Mechanical Tuning .Related
Problems.
Unit VI Helix TWTs [1,2] :
Significance, Types and Characteristics of Slow Wave Structures: 4
Structure of TWT and Amplification Process (qualitative treatment),
Suppression of Oscillations, Nature of four Propagation Constants,
Gain considerations.
M-Type Tubes[1,2]
Introduction, Cross-field effects, Magnetron- Different Types, 8- 5
Cavity Cylindrical Traveling Wave Magnetron- Hull cut off and
Hartree resonance conditions, Modes of Resonance and PI-mode
Operation, Separation of PI-Mode, Output Characteristics.
Unit VII Microwave Solid State Devices [1]:
Introduction, Classification, Applications. 3
TEDs- Introduction, Gunn Diode- Principle, RWH Theory,
Characteristics, Basic Modes of Operation, Oscillation Modes.
Avalanche Transit time Devices- Introduction, IMPATT and 2
TRAPATT diodes –Principle of Operation and Characteristics.
Unit VIII Microwave Measurements [2]:
Description Engineering
Electronics and Communication of Microwave Bench-Different Blocks and their Features, 5 24
Precautions; Measurement of Power, Attenuation, Frequency,
VSWR, Cavity Q and Impedance
Total No. of Periods 72
CONTINUOUS EVALUATION PROCEDURE:

The performance of a student shall be evaluated for 100 marks in the subject “Electrical
Technology”. AS per the JNTU curriculum, the distribution shall be 20 marks for internal evaluation
and 80 marks for end semester descriptive type examination.
In internal evaluation, there will be 2 objective type tests each for a duration of 20
minutes and subjective type test each for a duration of 90 minutes. The best 3 tests will be
considered for awarding 20 sessional marks.

Internal Evaluation Test Schedule:

Quiz 1 and Mid-1 (Cycle-1) - 25th February 2008 to 3rd March 2008
Quiz-2 and Mid-2 (Cycle-2) - 14th April 2008 to 23rd April 2008
ATTENDANCE:

According to JNTU, a student must maintain a minimum of 75% of attendance. It is


advisable to maintain above 90% in order follow the subject.

CONSULTING HOURS:

Students can consult for clarification of doubts between 3.30 PM to 4.20 PM from Monday
to Friday.

ASSIGNMENTS AND TUTORIALS:

Student must submit the assignments given within the prescribed time.

N.SRAVANTHI

GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU


DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: MICROPROCESSORS & INTERFACING
NAME OF THE STAFF MEMBER: Prof. M.Kamaraju, Prof. in ECE

AIM & OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE:

Microprocessors came into existence in 1970’s and brought revolutionary change in the
field of computers and electronic industry. Now a days it is playing a vital role in all fields.
Consequently the situation leads to generation of microcontrollers. In this course students
can learn 8086 microprocessor architecture, and developing the programs to perform
arithmetic and logical operations using assembly language. And they learn how to
interface Peripheral devices with the microprocessor. At the end they will learn about intel
8051 microcontrollers.

TEXT BOOKS:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 25


1. Advaced Microprocessors and Peripherals – A.K.Ray and K.M.Bhurchand
2. Microprocessors and interfacing – Douglas V.Hall,TMH,2nd Edition ,1999.

REFERENCES:
1. Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 family Architecture programming and design
– Yu.Chang Liu ael Glem.A.Gibson
2. Microprocessors 8086/8088 Family architecture – Avatar singh and Triebel,PHI
3. Assembly Language Techniques for the IBM PC – Alan R , Miller ,BPB ( for DOS and
BIOS Interrupts only)
4. Microcontrollers – Rajkamal , Pearson Education , 2005 .
5. Design with PIC Microcontrollers – John B.Peatman,2005
6. 8051 Microcontrollers and Embedded Systems – Dr. Rajiv Kapadia,Jaico Publishers
7. 8086 Microprocessors - Kenneth J.Ayala,Penram International /Thomson ,1995
8. 8051 Microcontroller – Kenneth J.Ayala, Penram International /Thomson , 3rd
Edition,2005

ADDITIONAL BOOKS:
1. Advanced microprocessor – Daniel Tabak
2. Microprocessors, Interfacing and applications – by Renu singh and B.P.Singh
3. 8051 Microcontroller – Predko
4. The 80x86 family – John Uffenbeck
JOURNALS:

Embedded Systems Programming.


Electronics weekly ( on line edition)

WEBSITES:

www.Intel.com
www.cpu-world.com
www.pcguide.com
www.geocities.com/SiliconValley
www.emu8086.com/
www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/Intel-microprocessors.htm
http://library.n0i.net/hardware/intel80x86/
http://www.sharpmz.org/mz-700/8255ovview.htm
http://www.intel.com/design/mcs51/index.htm
http://www.cpu-world.com/CPUs/8051/
www.A9.com
www.analog.com
www.8052.com
www.embedded.com
http://www.ucpros.com/Resources/books_intel_8051,_08251,_8085.htm

VIDEO CD’s:

1. Microcomputers: Design and Applications, IIT, Delhi, Prof:Anshul Kumar, No. of


Lectures:37
2. Microprocessors and applications, IIT, Madras, Prof.S.Srinivasan, No. of Lectures:34

Electronics and Communication Engineering 26


SESSION PLAN:
UNIT-I No. of Periods
An over view of 8085 02
Architecture of 8086 03
Special functions of General purpose registers 02
Flag Register and function of each flag 02
UNIT - II
Addressing modes of 8086 02
Assembler directives 01
Simple assembly language programs 03
Procedures and Macros 01

UNIT - III

Assembly Language Programs involving logical Instructions 03


Assembly Language Programs involving Branch & Call Instructions 03
Assembly Language Programs: sorting 01
Assembly Language Programs: Evalution of Arithmetic expressions 02
Assembly Language Programs: string manipulation 01

UNIT-IV
Pin diagram of 8086 01
Minimum mode and Maximum mode 02
Timing Diagram 01
Memory interfacing to 8086 (Static RAM & EPROM) 02
Need for DMA, DMA data transfer method 01
Interfacing with 8237/8257 02

UNIT – V
8255 PPI Architecture 01
Various modes of operation (8255) 01
8255 interfacing to 8086 01
Interfacing Keyboard 01
Interfacing Displays 01
Interfaing Stepper Motor and Actuators 01
D/A and A/D converter Interfacing 02
UNIT – VI
Interrupt Structure of 8086 01
Vector Interrupt Table ,Interrupt Service Routines 01
Introduction to DOS,BIOS Interrupts 02
8259 Architecture 01
8259 Interfacing,cascade connections 02

UNIT – VII
Serial data Transfer Schemes 01
Asynchronous and Synchronous data transfer schemes 01
8251 USART architecture and interfacing 02
TTL to RS 232C and RS232C to TTL convertion 01

Electronics and Communication Engineering 27


Sample program of serial data transfer 01
Introduction to High – Speed Serial Communications standards ,USB 01

UNIT – VIII
8051 Microcontroller Architecture 02
Register set of 8051 01
Modes of Timer operation 01
Serial port operation 01
Interrupt structure of 8051 01
Memory and I/O interfacing of 8051 02

----
Total 65
----

CONSULTING HOURS:

For clearing the doubts the students can approach on all working days between 3.40 PM
and 4.20 PM. (MONDAY TO FRIDAY).

Assignments *:
Assignment: 1
1. Explain system timing of 8085 microprocessor with the help of timing diagrams
2. Explain different machine cycles of intel 8086 microprocessor with the help of Timing
diagrams
Assignment: 2

3. Explain Memory Read cycle with wait states and show the timing diagram.
4. Explain addressing modes of 8086 microprocessor.

Assignment: 3

5. Design a complete memory system for 8086 microprocessor.

Assignment: 4

6. Explain How Intel 8237/8257 interfaced to 8086 microprocessor and develop program
to transfer data from Memory to I/O device.

Assignment: 5

7. Develop program to generate sinusoidal waveform by interfacing DAC module to 8086


Microprocessor.
8. Develop a program to convert analog information into digital by Interfacing ADC
module to 8086 microprocessor

Assignment: 6
9. Develop a program to intilise the Intel 8259.
10. Develop a program to transmit & receive the data by Interfacing intel 8251 to 8086
Microprocessor.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 28


Assignment: 7

11. Develop an ALP in 8051 to transfer the data from i) internal RAM to Internal RAM ii)
Internal RAM to External RAM.
12, Develop Memory and I/O interface to Intel 8051 Microcontroller with neat sketch.

*All assignments must write in separate note book and submit to the teacher within
stipulated period

CONTINUOUS EVALUATION PROCEDURE:


The performance of a student shall be evaluated for 100 marks in the subject
Microprocessor and Interfacing. As per the J.N.T.U curriculum, the distribution shall be 20
marks for internal evaluation and 80 marks for the end semester descriptive type
examination.
In internal evaluation, there will be two online quiz type tests for a duration of 20
minutes each. Each test shall contain 20 objective type questions for 20 marks and two
descriptive examinations. Out of 4 internal evaluation tests, best three tests will be
considered for the award of 20 sessional marks.

Internal Evaluation Test Schedule:


Quiz 1 and Mid-1 (Cycle-1) - 25th February 2008 to 3rd March 2008
Quiz-2 and Mid-2 (Cycle-2) - 14th April 2008 to 23rd April 2008

ATTENDANCE:
A student has to put in a minimum of 75% of attendance in aggregate of all the subjects
for eligibility to take the end examinations and for acquiring the credits.

Prof.M.Kamaraju
GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU
DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE A & B) SUB: MICROPROCESSOR LAB
NAME OF THE STAFF: Ms.B.V.S.L.BHARATHI& Sri V. JAYAPRAKASH, Asst. Professors in ECE
1. Aim & Objectives of the Lab Course:
Student can learn
 Programming skills Using assembly language
 Microprocessors architecture.
 How to construct the machine codes for instructions.
 Various peripherals interface to the microprocessor like A/D converter, D/A
converter, stepper motor, and other I/O devices.
 More microprocessor applications like industrial applications (eg: temperature
measurement)

Electronics and Communication Engineering 29


 Program debugging, using single step mode/ break point technique (or)
introducing the interrupts.
 Utilization of interrupt services/ developing interrupt routines for various
applications like key board control & monitor or display control etc.
 After completion of all experiments, student can develop an embedded system
using microprocessor; embedded system involves software development,
Hardware control through software using μp.
 Interfacing the microprocessors with peripheral ICs like Intel
8259,8279,8251,8255
 Developing programs for Intel 8051 microcontroller
2. LAB MANUAL:
Lab Manual consists of:
 Instructions to the users
 Precautions
 List of experiments
 Model programs
 Hardware set up
 VIVA-VOCE / Supplement questions.
3. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

I. Microprocessor 8086:
1. Introduction to MASM / TASM
2. Arithmetic Operation – Multi Byte Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication, and
Division – Signed and Unsigned Arithmetic Operation, ASCII – Arithmetic
Operation
3. Logic Operations – Shift and Rotate – Converting Packed BCD to Unpacked BCD,
BCD to ASCII Conversion
4. By using String Operation and Instruction Prefix:: Move Block, Reverse String,
Sorting, Inserting, Deleting, Length of the String, String Comparison
5. Modular Program : Procedure, Near and Far Implementation, Recursion
6. DOS / BIOS Programming : Reading Keyboard ( Buffered with and without Echo )
– Display Characters, Strings

II. Interfacing:
1. 8259 – Interrupt Controller
2. 8279 – Keyboard Display
3. 8255 – PPI ( ADC, DAC, DIDO, Stepper motor, Key board ,Traffic controller
Interface)
4. 8251 – USART
III. Microcontroller 8051:
1. Reading and Writing on a Parallel Port
2. Timer in Different Modes
3. Serial Communication Implementation
4. Understanding Three Memory Areas of 00-FF ( Programs using above Areas )

4. MAINTENANCE OF OBSERVATION BOOKS & RECORDS:

 Every student must maintain 100% attendance for lab sessions.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 30


 Every student must bring observation note book to the lab.
 Observation note book contains: list of experiments, schedule, lab time table,
concerned lab staff names.
 Student must write the ALP to solve the given problem in the lab.
 If program is OK, then the student will be allowed to do the experiment (or) issue
the required apparatus to the student to complete the experiment.
 Every student must write the observations or demo class details in the observation
note book.
 After completion of experiment, the results are to be shown to the lab in-charge &
record the same in the observation note book and get the signature of the staff in
the observation book.
 Assignments, if any, are also to be submitted along with the record.

Record book contains: 1. Index sheet


2. Experiment details

Experiment Number:
Date:
AIM:
Apparatus:

Program:
Machine
Address Label Mnemonics Operand task
code

Observations & Precautions:


Inferences
Answers to given questions

Results: I/P O/P

address :data

address :data

 Every student must submit the record of the present work in the next week of the lab
session.
5. Evaluation Procedure for sessional marks:
1. Attendance and Day to Day work
2. VIVA-VOCE
3. Record work
4. Lab internal test
5. Development/ mini task at the end of the semester, based on experiments.

6. MODE OF EXAMINATION:

Electronics and Communication Engineering 31


1. Internal test / model test to be conducted at the end of lab session.
2. Final examination to be conducted in the following fashion:
 Develop the program for given statement
 Execute the written program
 VIVA-VOCE
 Observe the results

7. Repetition of experiments for poor learners and absent students:

 Every student must maintain 100% attendance.


 If any one absent, they will be allowed to do the lab with prior permission from the
concerned lab in-charge.
 The poor learners can contact the concerned staff members to clarify their doubts
etc.
 At the end of every cycle, there will be one repeat lab class.

8. General Guidelines:
Every student attending the lab
 must maintain punctuality
 must maintain dress code. (Over coat for girls, tucking in for boys)
 must maintain 100% attendance
 must bring observation note book & record note book to the lab sessions.
 must maintain silence.
 must maintain their experimental belongings properly.
 must switched off the equipment after usage.
 must maintain good rapport with the technicians and with the teachers.
 must prepare well before attending to the lab session.
 must utilize full length periods of the lab schedule.
 must attend the demonstration classes given by the teaching faculty.
 Must follow the set procedures (do’s and dont’s) prescribed by the lab in-charge.

9. SUPPLEMENTARY QUESTIONS:
Experiments #
1. Write an ALP in 8086 to add 2 numbers, data reading from the memory result is stored
at y location.
2. Write an ALP in 8086 to add n, numbers length of the array at x location data begins
from x+1 location onwards, result stored at y location. Assume that numbers are 8 bit
size, sum is expected to be 8 bit.
3. Write an ALP in 8086 to add n numbers, length of the array at x-location data begins
from x+1 location onwards, result is stored at y, y+1 locations.
Assume that numbers are 8 bit size, result is expected to be more than 8 bit.
4. Write an ALP in 8086 to add two 16 bit numbers, read data from memory, result is
stored at y & y+1 locations.
5. Write an ALP in 8086 to add n “16 bit numbers” length of the array at x location, data
begins from x+1 location onwards. Sum is stored at y & y+1 locations.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 32


Assume that numbers are 16 bit size, sum is expected to be 16 bit size.
6. Write an ALP in 8086 to add n “16 bit numbers” length of the array at x-location, data
begins from x+1 location onwards. Sum is stored from y-location onwards.
Assume that data 16 bit size, sum is expected to be more than 16 bit.
EXPERIMENT #
1. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the largest number in a given 2 number, store the
result at location.
2. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the largest number in a given array length of the
array at x-location, data begins from x+1 location onwards, largest number stored at y
location.

EXPERIMENT #:

1. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the smallest number in a given 2 numbers, store
the result at y-location.
2. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the smallest number in a given array, the length of
the array at x location, data begins from x+1 location onwards, smallest number stored
at y-location.
3. Write an ALP in 8086 to arrange the numbers in reverse order.
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write an ALP 8086 to determine the square of the given number.
2. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the square of the given numbers array length at x-
location, data begins from x+1 location, results stored from y-location onwards.
3. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine sum of squares of the two numbers, sum is
expected to be 16 bit size. Assume that numbers are 8 bit size.

EXPERIMENT #:

1. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the cube of the given number.


2. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the cube of the given series of numbers, array
length at x location, array length from x+1 location onwards. Cube of the numbers
stored from y-location onwards.
3. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine sum of the cubes of the two numbers.

EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine/perform 16 bit ÷ 8 bit. Assume that data to be
stored (dividend, divisor) at x location onwards.
2. Write an ALP in 8086 to perform 32 bit ÷ 16 bit division operation read data from
memory location.
3. Write an ALP in 8086 to determine the average of two numbers.
CYCLE – II
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write an initialization program for 8255 to make part A as input part B, Part C as
output parts in simple mode 0.
2. Write an initialization program for 8255 to make all the parts as input parts or output
parts.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 33


3. Write an ALP in 8086 to read the switch status & display the status on LED, by
interfacing DIDO module to 8086 μp.
4. Write an ALP in 8086 to read the switch status, complement at, complementing result
display on LED’s, by interfacing DIDO module to 8086 μp.
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write A/D characteristics
2. Types of A/D.
3. Explain one of the type of A/D which is used in the lab sessions.
4. Explain pin functions of ADC chip.
5. Write initialization program for 8255 to enable A/D for convertion process.
6. Explain ADC experimental setup.

EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write D/A characteristics
2. Types of D/A
3. Explain one of the type of D/A which is used in the lab session.
4. Explain pin functions of DAC chip.
5. Explain DAC experimental set up.
6. Write an ALP in 8086/develop initialization program for 8255 to enable D/A converters.
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Write specification of stepper motor.
2. Explain experimental setup of stepper motor interfacing
3. Construct the words for enabling windings of the stepper motor.
4. Write initialization program in ALP for 8255 to activate the stepper motor.
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Explain keyboard construction
2. Develop sample program to detect a min. of 2 keys from the key board.
3. Types of keys
4. Explain one of the type of key used in lab.
EXPERIMENT #:

1. Explain types of displays


2. Explain experimental set up of traffic controller
3. Write/develop an ALP in 8086 to allow the traffic from South to North & North to South
by interfacing traffic controller module to 8086 μp through intel 8255.
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Explain USART intel 8251
2. Discuss control words of intel 8251
3. Write instructions for initialization of intel 8251
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Explain intel 8279 features
2. Explain internal architecture of intel 8279
EXPERIMENT #:
1. Explain features of intel 8259
2. Explain control words of intel 8259
3. Develop initialization program for intel 8259.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 34


URL’s:
www.intel.com
www.focus.ti.com
www.analog.com
www.google.com

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Microcomputer Architecture by V.Hall
2. Microprocessor (Programming) by R.Gaonkar
3. Microprocessors by BREY
4. Microprocessors by B.RAM
5. Microprocessors (Programming) by BHUR CHAND
6. Microprocessors by A.K.RAY
7. Microprocessor by Md. Raffiq Uzman
8. Micro controllers and embedded system by Mohd Mazdi and Mazdi.

10. DO’s
 You must enter your details in the log book.
 Switch on the peripheral like monitor first and CPU last.
 Use only the authorized pass word.
 Allowed to use only the permitted software.
 Only floppies and CD’s taken from the department are allowed for use with prior
permission.
 Print out of experimental results only are allowed against indent, indicating purpose
& no. of pages.
 Must inform to the concerned lab in-charge after completing the experiment and
before shut down the system.
 Before leaving the lab, must enter log out time with signature in the register
provided.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 35


 After getting verified the program & circuit diagram if any, indent must be placed to
take the required apparatus.
 Before starting the experiment, last equipment to be switched ON is the power
supply, and to be switched OFF after completing the experiment is also power
supply.
 Power supply shall be switched off before making any alterations to the circuit
connections.
 Ensure all connections are correct before giving power supply to the interfacing
modules.
 Must follow the proper procedure to shut down the system.
 All electrical switches must be put OFF after system is shut down and return the
apparatus in the counter to the lab technician.
 Any problem with apparatus must be brought to the notice of lab in charge/
technician, not permitted to change apparatus without prior permission of the
concerned staff.

DONT’S:
 Not permitted to enter the lab without proper dress code & without observation
book, record.
 Not permitted to carry out the experiment without preparation & without entering
the details in the log book.
 Don’t switch ON the CPU before switching ON the peripherals.
 Don’t switch ON the power supply, without ensuring the proper circuit connections/
modifying the connections.
 Don’t change given pass word.
 Don’t use unauthorized / other than the permitted software.
 Don’t delete/ copy files without prior permission.
 Don’t tamper with system settings & accessories.
 Don’t open any other files/folders except your files/folder.
 Don’t bring and use outside floppies and CDs.
 Do not take print out without prior permission.
 Not permitted to move the systems/any other equipment.
 Not permitted to move from one table to another table & making noise in the lab.

B.V.S.L.BHARATHI

V. JAYAPRAKASH

GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE::GUDLAVALLERU


DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC YEAR 2007-08 – II SEMESTER

HAND OUT
CLASS: III B.TECH (ECE) SUB: ELECTRONIC COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN LAB
NAME OF THE STAFF: Mrs.Y.SYAMALA & Sri B.RAJARAO Asst. Professors in ECE
AIM:
The ECAD lab is mainly for giving a good knowledge to the VHDL language.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 36


OBJECTIVE:
Electronic computer aided design lab (ECAD LAB) is mainly used for ECE branch
students. It is introduced in IIIrd Year – II SEM for giving a good introduction to the VHDL
language. In this the simulation is done for various digital IC’s like gates, flip-flops,
multiplexers etc.

Active VHDL version 3.1 is used for performing simulation. After the simulation
then all the Digital IC’s are verified by Hardware implementation.

The main objective of the HDL language is to verify the functional tables and to
perform the simulation, for all the experiments.

2) USE OF LAB MANUAL:

To know more about the experiments that you are doing during the semester.

3. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS TO BE CONDUCTED:


S.No. Name of the Experiment

1 GATES
2 D Flip-Flop (7474)
3. Decade counter (7490)
4. 4 Bit counters (7493)
5. Shift registers (7495)
6. Universal shift register (74194)
7. 3 – 8 Decoder (74138)
8. 4 Bit comparator (7485)
9. 8XI multiplexer (74151)
10. 16XI multiplexer (74150)
11. RAM (16x4) (74189)
4) MAINTENANCE OF OBSERVATION BOOKS AND RECORDS:
Separate observation book with cover must be maintained in which diagrams
related to the experiment should be on the left hand side of the page, theory on the right
hand side.
Records: Record for the lab must be maintained. Which contains index that shows
list of experiments done during the entire semester written neatly.
Evaluation of records is done with maximum marks of ‘5’ for each
experiment.
5. EVALUATION PROCEDURE:

In evaluation procedure there shall be


 A continuous evaluation during the semester for 25 sessional marks.
 And 50 end examination marks.
Out of the 25 marks for internal
 10 marks shall be awarded for day to day work
 5 marks shall be awarded for record work
 Day to day work consists of
o Attendance
o VIVA-VOCE

Electronics and Communication Engineering 37


o Performance in the lab
 And 10 marks to be awarded by conducting internal lab test

6. MODE OF EXAMINATION:

Internal test / model test to be conducted at the end of lab session.


Final examination to be conducted in the following fashion:
 Write-up for the given question (experiment)
 Implementation of the circuit for the experiment
 Observe the results

VIVA-VOCE

ATTENDANCE: 75% of attendance is a must

7. REPETITION OF EXPERIMENTS:

Repetition of experiments is done through giving the poor (or) absent students to
work in lab in leisure hours of the lab.

8. CONSULTING HOURS WITH TEACHERS FOR CLEARING DOUBTS ON


EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES:

MONDAY TO FRIDAY : 3.30 PM TO 4.20 PM


SATURDAY : 11.55 AM TO 12.30 PM

DO’s:
 You must enter your details in the log book.
 Switch on the peripheral like monitor first and CPU last.
 Use only the authorized pass word.
 Allowed to use only the permitted software.
 Only floppies and CD’s taken from the department are allowed for use with prior
permission.
 Print out of experimental results only are allowed against indent, indicating purpose
& no. of pages.
 Must inform to the concerned lab in-charge after completing the experiment and
before shut down the system.

Electronics and Communication Engineering 38


 Before leaving the lab, must enter log out time with signature in the register
provided.
 Before starting the experiment, last equipment to be switched ON is the power
supply, and to be switched OFF after completing the experiment is also power
supply.
 Power supply shall be switched off before making any alterations to the circuit
connections.
 Ensure all connections are correct before giving power supply to the interfacing
modules.
 Must follow the proper procedure to shut down the system.
 All electrical switches must be put OFF after system is shut down and return the
apparatus in the counter to the lab technician.
 Any problem with apparatus must be brought to the notice of lab in charge/
technician, not permitted to change apparatus without prior permission of the
concerned staff.

DONT’S:
 Not permitted to enter the lab without proper dress code & without observation
book, record.
 Not permitted to carry out the experiment without preparation & without entering
the details in the log book.
 Don’t switch ON the CPU before switching ON the peripherals.
 Don’t switch ON the power supply, without ensuring the proper circuit connections/
modifying the connections.
 Don’t change given pass word.
 Don’t use unauthorized / other than the permitted software.
 Don’t delete/ copy files without prior permission.
 Don’t tamper with system settings & accessories.
 Don’t open any other files/folders except your files/folder.
 Don’t bring and use outside floppies and CDs.
 Do not take print out without prior permission.
 Not permitted to move the systems/any other equipment.
 Not permitted to move from one table to another table & making noise in the lab.

Y.SYAMALA

B.RAJARAO

Electronics and Communication Engineering 39