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select what inside diameter of fittings and and inside diameters of pipes you wish to see

ENTER FITTING AMOUNTS FOR GIVEN SIZE PIPE IN THE BELOW TABLES
length of fitting =
diameter of pipe =
pipe size in inch
Fitting
L/D
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
Mitre Bends a=0
2
Mitre Bends a=15
4
Mitre Bends a=30
8
Mitre Bends a=45
15
Mitre Bends a=60
25
Mitre Bends a=75
40
Mitre Bends a=90
60
Standard Elbow16
45
Standard Elbow30
90
Standard Elbow16
long radius 90
Close Return Bend
50
Standard Tee Thru-Branch
60
Standard Tee Thru-Flow
20
Plug Valve 3-Way
30 Thru-Flow
Plug Valve Branch
90 Flow
Plug Valve Straightaway
18
Angle Valve
55
Angle Valve 150
Ball Valve
3
Butterfly Valve
Foot Valve with 75
Strainer Hinged Disc
Foot Valve with420
Strainer Poppet Disc
Gate Valve
8
Globe Valve 340
Lift Check Valve55
Lift Check Valve
600
Spring
Swing Check Valve
50
Swing Check Valve
100 Spring
Tilting Disc Check
5 Valve
Tilting Disc Check
15 Valve Spring
Pipe Entrance Flush
0
Sharp-Edged
Pipe Entrance Inward
0
Projecting
Pipe Exit Projecting
0
Pipe Exit Rounded
0
Pipe Exit Sharp-Edged
0
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
Fitting
L/D
pipe size in inch

BUSHING / REDUCERS / COUPLINGS (( more fittings ))


reducers or bushings (example: 0.75 on left and 0.5 on top were they meet = sudden contraction r
couplings (example: 0.5 on left and 0.5 on top were they meet = coupling)
reducers or bushings (example: 0.5 on left and 0.75 on top were they meet = sudden expasion red
pipe size in inch
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5

pipe size

0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
12
16
18
24

Pipe Entrance Flush (( more fittings ))


enter r / d =
r/d
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.1
0.14

0.5

(( r = bend radius or round radius of the pipe. d = pipe diameter )


enter pipe size =
pipe size in inch
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5

0.75

90 degree bends, pipe bends, flanged elbows, butt-welded elbows (( more fittings )) (( r = bend radius or ro
enter r / d =
enter pipe size =
length of fitting =
diameter of pipe =
pipe size in inch
r/d
L/D
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
1
20
2
12
3
12
4
14
6
17
8
24
10
30
12
34
14
38
16
42
18
45
20
50
length of straight pipe
select what type of lengths you will be enter into the below boxes
0.5
length of pipe in foot

0.75
50

1
50

1.25
50

1.5
50

pipe size in inch


2
2.5
50
50
50

quick select tables


select what table info to show
show PIPE DIAMETER labling around table by
this number is used for the first flow rate box on left hand side of the tables and
charts

1000

this number gets added to every consective flow rate number going down the
left hand side of tables and charts

200

show FLOW RATE labeling around table by.

show results by

limit what results show up by


EQAUL to and BELOW

10

EQUAL to and ABOVE

0.5

limit dynamic minor head loss for fittings


by

limiting what shows up for total head loss

gallon (US) (liquid) per hour

foot

0.5
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200

0.75

1.25

1.5

pipe size in inch


2
2.5

gallon (US

4400
4600
4800
0.5
foot

0.75

1.25

1.5

2
2.5
pipe size in inch

Advance settings
use which below equation to figure out Dynamic head loss for pressurized flow of water for length of pipe? (( 1, 2
1 = Darcy weishbach equation using Swain Jain friction factor equatiion (( default ))
2 = Manning equation
1
3 = Hazen and williams equation
use which below equation to figure out DRAW DOWN head loss for gravity flow of water for length of pipe? (( 1, 2
1 = Darcy weishbach equation using Swain Jain friction factor equatiion (( default ))
2 = Manning equation
1
3 = Hazen and williams equation
darcy wiesbach coefficent (( default 0.000005 to 0.00000233 for plastic type of pipe ))
kinematic viscosity of fluid in feet squared per second (( see spread sheet WATER ))
Mannings friction factor (( default 0.009 for plastic type of pipe ))
hazen and williams friction factor (( default 140 to 150 for plastic type of pipe ))

L/D=

#DIV/0!

nch
3

L/D
2
4
8
15
25
40
60
16
30
16
50
60
20
30
90
18
55
150
3
75
420
8
340
55
600
50
100
5
15
0
0
0
0
0

nch

t = sudden contraction reducers or bushings)


g)
t = sudden expasion reducers or bushings)
nch
3
4
6

Fitting
Mitre Bends a=0
Mitre Bends a=15
Mitre Bends a=30
Mitre Bends a=45
Mitre Bends a=60
Mitre Bends a=75
Mitre Bends a=90
Standard Elbow 45
Standard Elbow 90
Standard Elbow long radius 90
Close Return Bend
Standard Tee Thru-Branch
Standard Tee Thru-Flow
Plug Valve 3-Way Thru-Flow
Plug Valve Branch Flow
Plug Valve Straightaway
Angle Valve
Angle Valve
Ball Valve
Butterfly Valve
Foot Valve with Strainer Hinged Disc
Foot Valve with Strainer Poppet Disc
Gate Valve
Globe Valve
Lift Check Valve
Lift Check Valve Spring
Swing Check Valve
Swing Check Valve Spring
Tilting Disc Check Valve
Tilting Disc Check Valve Spring
Pipe Entrance Flush Sharp-Edged
Pipe Entrance Inward Projecting
Pipe Exit Projecting
Pipe Exit Rounded
Pipe Exit Sharp-Edged

L/D

Fitting

pipe size

0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
12
16
18
24

pipe. d = pipe diameter ))


radius =

nch
3

r/d
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.1
0.14

(( r = bend radius or round radius of the pipe. d = pipe diameter ))


radius =
0
L/D=
#DIV/0!
nch
3
4
6
8
L/D
r/d
20
1
12
2
12
3
14
4
17
6
24
8
30
10
34
12
38
14
42
16
45
18
50
20

nch
3

4
50

6
50

8
50

50 length of pipe in foot

LENGTH
7
VOLUMN PER TIME
3
7
VOLUMN PER TIME
3

VOLUMN PER TIME

LENGTH
N/A

LENGTH
N/A
LENGTH
N/A

foot
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200

gallon (US) (liquid) per hour

nch

gallon (US
4400
4600
4800
3

nch

8
foot

r for length of pipe? (( 1, 2, or 3 ))


tiion (( default ))

r for length of pipe? (( 1, 2, or 3 ))


tiion (( default ))

0.000005
1.21E-05
0.009
150

charts of K values for fittings


CREDIT FOR K VALUES IS FROM
artical by SANJAY JOSHI, Ph.D., NATHAN PADEN & SHANE GRABER
artical link: www.advancedaquarist.com/issues/jan2003/featurejp.htm
for the K fitting factors. ((Shane Graber noted. That Sanjay Joshi did oringal work for K fa
basic fittings
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
Mitre Bends a=0
2
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Mitre Bends a=15
4
0.11
0.1 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06
Mitre Bends a=30
8
0.22
0.2 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.11
Mitre Bends a=45
15
0.41 0.38 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.23 0.21 0.21
Mitre Bends a=60
25
0.68 0.63 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.48 0.45 0.45 0.43 0.38 0.35 0.35
Mitre Bends a=75
40
1.09
1 0.92 0.88 0.84 0.76 0.72 0.72 0.68
0.6 0.56 0.56
Mitre Bends a=90
60
1.62
1.5 1.38 1.32 1.26 1.14 1.08 1.08 1.02
0.9 0.84 0.84
Standard Elbow1645
0.43
0.4 0.37 0.35 0.34
0.3 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.24 0.42 0.42
Standard Elbow3090
0.81 0.75 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.57 0.54 0.54 0.51 0.45 0.22 0.22
Standard Elbow16long radius
0.4390 0.4 0.37 0.35 0.34
0.3 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.24 0.22 0.22
Close Return Bend
50
1.35 1.25 1.15
1.1 1.05 0.95
0.9
0.9 0.85 0.75
0.7
0.7
Standard Tee Thru-Branch
60
1.62
1.5 1.38 1.32 1.26 1.14 1.08 1.08 1.02
0.9 0.28 0.28
Standard Tee Thru-Flow
20
0.54
0.5 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.38 0.36 0.36 0.34
0.3 0.84 0.84
Plug Valve 3-Way
30 Thru-Flow
0.81 0.75 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.57 0.54 0.54 0.51 0.45 0.42 0.42
coupling
0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
valves
Note: pink area no data was avilable. I took best guess and filled in info, so some sort of friction loss for fitting could be calc
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
Plug Valve Branch
90 Flow 2.43 2.25 2.07 1.98 1.89 1.71 1.62 1.62 1.53 1.35 1.26 1.26
Plug Valve Straightaway
18
0.48 0.45 0.41
0.4 0.38 0.34 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.27 0.25 0.25
Angle Valve 55
1.48 1.38 1.27 1.21 1.16 1.05 0.99 0.99 0.94 0.83 0.77 0.77
Angle Valve 150
4.05 3.75 3.45
3.3 3.15 2.85
2.7
2.7 2.55 2.25
2.1
2.1
Ball Valve
3
0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04
Butterfly Valve
0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.86 0.81 0.81 0.77 0.68 0.63 0.63
Foot Valve with75
Strainer Hinged
2
Disc
1.9
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1.1
1.1
1.1
Foot Valve with420
Strainer 11.3
Poppet10.5
Disc 9.7
9.3
8.8
8
7.6
7.6
7.1
6.3
5.9
5.9
Gate Valve
8
0.22
0.2 0.18 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.11
Globe Valve 340
9.2
8.5
7.8
7.5
7.1
6.5
6.1
6.1
5.8
5.1
4.8
4.8
Lift Check Valve
55
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.1
1
1 0.94 0.83 0.77 0.77
Lift Check Valve
600
Spring 16.2
15 13.08 13.2 12.6 11.4 10.8 10.8 10.2
9
8.4
8.4
Swing Check Valve
50
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9 0.75
0.7
0.7
Swing Check Valve
100 Spring
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.4
Tilting Disc Check
5 Valve0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.76 0.72 0.72 0.68
0.6 0.56 0.56
Tilting Disc Check
15 Valve Spring
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2
1.8
1.7
1.7
bushings, reducers, couplings
orange cells = sudden contractions ((example bushings and reducers))
purple cells = couplings ((L/D = 2))
green cells = sudden expansion ((example bushings and reducers))
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
0.5
0.03 0.309 0.563 0.706 0.79 0.879 0.922 0.945 0.969 0.986 0.992 0.995
0.75
0.278 0.03 0.191 0.41 0.563 0.739 0.828 0.879 0.931 0.969 0.982 0.989
1
0.375 0.219 0.03 0.13 0.309 0.563 0.706 0.79 0.879 0.945 0.969 0.98

1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
12
16
18
24

0.42
0.444
0.469
0.48
0.486
0.492
0.497
0.498
0.499
0.499
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
Pipe Entrance Flush Sharp-Edged
0.5
Pipe Entrance Inward Projecting
0.78
Pipe Exit Projecting
1
Pipe Exit Rounded
1
Pipe Exit Sharp-Edged
1

0.5
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

0.02
0.04
0.06
0.1
0.14

1
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20

20
12
12
14
17
24
30
34
38
42
45
50

0.5
0.54
0.32
0.32
0.38
0.46
0.65
0.81
0.92
1.03
1.13
1.24
1.35

0.32
0.375
0.43
0.455
0.469
0.482
0.492
0.496
0.497
0.498
0.499
0.499
0.5

0.18
0.278
0.375
0.42
0.444
0.469
0.486
0.492
0.495
0.497
0.498
0.498
0.499

0.03
0.153
0.305
0.375
0.413
0.451
0.478
0.488
0.492
0.495
0.497
0.498
0.499

0.093 0.371 0.563 0.683 0.814 0.915 0.952 0.969


0.03 0.191 0.41 0.563 0.739 0.879 0.931 0.956
0.219 0.03 0.13 0.309 0.563 0.79 0.879 0.922
0.32 0.18 0.03 0.093 0.371 0.683 0.814 0.879
0.375 0.278 0.153 0.03 0.191 0.563 0.739 0.828
0.43 0.375 0.305 0.219 0.03 0.309 0.563 0.706
0.469 0.444 0.413 0.375 0.278 0.03 0.191 0.41
0.482 0.469 0.451 0.43 0.375 0.219 0.03 0.13
0.489 0.48 0.469 0.455 0.42 0.32 0.18 0.03
0.492 0.486 0.478 0.469 0.444 0.375 0.278 0.153
0.496 0.492 0.488 0.482 0.469 0.43 0.375 0.305
0.497 0.494 0.49 0.486 0.475 0.444 0.401 0.346
0.498 0.497 0.495 0.492 0.486 0.469 0.444 0.413
pipe enterence and exit
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.78
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Pipe Entrance Flush
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28
0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.24
0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
90 degree bends, pipe bends, flanged elbows, butt-welded elbows
nomial pipe diameter in inches
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
6
8
10
0.5
0.46 0.44 0.42 0.38 0.36 0.36 0.34
0.3
0.28 0.28
0.3
0.28 0.26 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.22
0.2
0.18 0.17 0.17
0.3
0.28 0.26 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.22
0.2
0.18 0.17 0.17
0.35 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.27 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.21
0.2
0.2
0.43 0.39 0.37 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.31 0.29 0.26 0.24 0.24
0.6
0.55 0.53
0.5
0.46 0.43 0.43 0.41 0.36 0.34 0.34
0.75 0.69 0.66 0.63 0.57 0.54 0.54 0.51 0.45 0.42 0.42
0.85 0.78 0.75 0.71 0.65 0.61 0.61 0.58 0.51 0.48 0.48
0.95 0.87 0.84
0.8
0.72 0.68 0.68 0.65 0.57 0.53 0.53
1.05 0.97 0.92 0.88
0.8
0.76 0.76 0.71 0.63 0.59 0.59
1.15 1.06 1.01 0.97 0.87 0.83 0.83 0.78 0.69 0.64 0.64
1.25 1.15
1.1
1.05 0.95
0.9
0.9
0.85 0.75
0.7
0.7

ANE GRABER
urejp.htm
id oringal work for K factors

12
0.03
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.33
0.52
0.78
0.39
0.21
0.21
0.65
0.26
0.78
0.39
0.03

16
0.03
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.33
0.52
0.78
0.39
0.21
0.21
0.65
0.26
0.78
0.39
0.03

18
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.18
0.3
0.48
0.72
0.36
0.19
0.19
0.6
0.24
0.72
0.36
0.03

24
0.02
0.05
0.1
0.18
0.3
0.48
0.72
0.36
0.19
0.19
0.6
0.24
0.72
0.36
0.03

tion loss for fitting could be calculated


12
1.17
0.23
0.72
1.95
0.04
0.35
1
5.5
0.1
4.4
0.72
7.8
0.65
1.3
0.39
1.2

16
1.17
0.23
0.72
1.95
0.04
0.35
1
5.5
0.1
4.4
0.72
7.8
0.65
1.3
0.39
1.2

18
1.08
0.22
0.66
1.8
0.04
0.3
0.9
5
0.1
4.1
0.66
7.2
0.6
1.2
0.24
0.72

24
1.08
0.22
0.66
1.8
0.04
0.3
0.9
5
0.1
4.1
0.66
7.2
0.6
1.2
0.24
0.72

12
16
18
24
0.997 0.998 0.998 0.999
0.992 0.996 0.997 0.998
0.986 0.992 0.994 0.997

0.978
0.969
0.945
0.915
0.879
0.79
0.563
0.309
0.093
0.03
0.219
0.278
0.375

0.988
0.982
0.969
0.952
0.931
0.879
0.739
0.563
0.371
0.191
0.03
0.105
0.278

0.99
0.986
0.975
0.962
0.945
0.904
0.79
0.644
0.478
0.309
0.044
0.03
0.219

0.995
0.992
0.986
0.978
0.969
0.945
0.879
0.79
0.683
0.563
0.309
0.191
0.03

12
0.5
0.78
1
1
1

16
0.5
0.78
1
1
1

18
0.5
0.78
1
1
1

24
0.5
0.78
1
1
1

12
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

16
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

18
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

24
0.28
0.24
0.15
0.09
0.04

12
0.26
0.16
0.16
0.18
0.22
0.31
0.39
0.44
0.49
0.55
0.6
0.65

16
0.26
0.16
0.16
0.18
0.22
0.31
0.39
0.44
0.49
0.55
0.6
0.65

18
0.24
0.14
0.14
0.17
0.2
0.29
0.36
0.41
0.46
0.5
0.55
0.6

24
0.24
0.14
0.14
0.17
0.2
0.29
0.36
0.41
0.46
0.5
0.55
0.6

lbows

3 1/4
3 1/8

1 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

3
2 7/8

1.5 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 3/4

2 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 5/8
2 1/2

3 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 3/8
2 1/4

4 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

gap height in inches

2 1/8
2

6 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

1 7/8
1 3/4
1 5/8

1 1/2
1 3/8
1 1/4
1 1/8
1
7/8
3/4
5/8
1/2
3/8
1/4
1/8

0
0

10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80

diameter of dome in inches

3 1/8

#REF!

3
2 7/8

#REF!

2 3/4

3 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 5/8

2 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 1/2
2 3/8

1.5 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 1/4

1 inch diameter of pipe connected to drain

2 1/8
gap height in inches

2
1 7/8

1 3/4
1 5/8
1 1/2
1 3/8
1 1/4
1 1/8
1
7/8
3/4
5/8
1/2
3/8
1/4
1/8
0
-18

-16

-14

-12

-10

-8

-6

-4

-2

dome radius in inches

10

12

14

16

18

FIND number you have on the LEFT hand side


FIND number you want to COVERT TO across the TOP
Were the two meet, is number you DIVIDE BY

TIME
1
2
3
4

second
minute
hour
day

1
2
3
4
secondsminute hour day
1
60 3600 86400
0.017
1
60 1440
3E-04 0.017
1
24
1E-05 7E-04 0.042
1

hecto - meter

10

deka - meter

meter

deci - meter

centi - meter

1
2
3
4

VOLUMN
minim (US) (liquid)
fluid dram (US)
fluid ounce (US)
gill (US) (liquid)

milli - meter

AREA
squared inch
squared foot
squared yard
squared mile
squared milli - meter
squared centi - meter
squared deci - meter
squared meter
squared deka - meter
squared hecto - meter
squared kilo - meter
are (US)
acre (US)
hectare (US)

mile

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

yard

LENGTH
inch
foot
yard
mile
milli - meter
centi - meter
deci - meter
meter
deka - meter
hecto - meter
kilo - meter

foot

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

inch

1
0.083
0.028
2E-05
25.4
2.54
0.254
0.025
0.003
3E-04
3E-05

12
1
0.333
2E-04
304.8
30.48
3.048
0.305
0.03
0.003
3E-04

36
3
1
6E-04
914.4
91.44
9.144
0.914
0.091
0.009
9E-04

63360
5280
1760
1
2E+06
2E+05
16093
1609
160.9
16.09
1.609

0.039
0.003
0.001
6E-07
1
10
100
1000
10000
1E+05
1E+06

0.394
0.033
0.011
6E-06
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000
1E+05

3.937
0.328
0.109
6E-05
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000

39.37
3.281
1.094
6E-04
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000

393.7
32.81
10.94
0.006
1E-04
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100

3937
328.1
109.4
0.062
1E-05
1E-04
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10

1
0.007
8E-04
2E-10
645.2
6.452
0.065
6E-04
6E-06
6E-08
6E-10
6E-06
2E-07
6E-08

foot
144
1
0.111
4E-08
92903
929
9.29
0.093
9E-04
9E-06
9E-08
9E-04
2E-05
9E-06

yard
1296
9
1
3E-07
8E+05
8361
83.61
0.836
0.008
8E-05
8E-07
0.008
2E-04
8E-05

mile
4E+09
3E+07
3E+06
1
3E+12
3E+10
3E+08
3E+06
25900
259
2.59
25900
640
259

inch

5
6
7
8
milli - meter
centi - meter
deci - meter
meter
0.002 0.155 15.5 1550
1E-05 0.001 0.108 10.76
1E-06 1E-04 0.012 1.196
4E-13 4E-11 4E-09 4E-07
1 0.01 1E-04 1E-06
100
1 0.01 1E-04
10000
100
1 0.01
1E+06 10000
100
1
1E+08 1E+06 10000
100
1E+10 1E+08 1E+06 10000
1E+12 1E+10 1E+08 1E+06
10000
100
1 0.01
247.1 2.471 0.025 2E-04
100
1 0.01 1E-04

9
10
deka - meter
hecto - meter
2E+05 2E+07
1076 1E+05
119.6 11960
4E-05 0.004
1E-08 1E-10
1E-06 1E-08
1E-04 1E-06
0.01 1E-04
1 0.01
100
1
10000
100
1E-04 1E-06
2E-06 2E-08
1E-06 1E-08

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
minim (US)
fluid (liquid)
dram
fluid
(US)
ounce
gill (US)
(US)pint
(liquid)
(US)
quart
(liquid)
(US)
gallon
(liquid)
(US)
inch(liquid)
foot
1
60
480 1920 7680 15360 61440
266 5E+05
0.017
1
8
32
128
256 1024 4.433 7660
0.002 0.125
1
4
16
32
128 0.554 957.5
5E-04 0.031 0.25
1
4
8
32 0.139 239.4

10
yard
1E+07
2E+05
25853
6463

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

pint (US) (liquid)


quart (US) (liquid)
gallon (US) (liquid)
cubic inch
cubic foot
cubic yard
cubic mile
cubic milli - meter
cubic centi - meter
cubic liter (US)
cubic deci - meter
cubic meter
cubic deka - meter
cubic hecto - meter
cubic kilo - meter

1E-04
7E-05
2E-05
0.004
2E-06
8E-08
1E-17
6E-17
6E-14
6E-05
6E-11
6E-08
6E-05
0.062
61.61

0.008
0.004
1E-03
0.226
1E-04
5E-06
9E-16
4E-15
4E-12
0.004
4E-09
4E-06
0.004
3.697
3697

0.063
0.031
0.008
1.805
0.001
4E-05
7E-15
3E-14
3E-11
0.03
3E-08
3E-05
0.03
29.57
29574

0.25
0.125
0.031
7.219
0.004
2E-04
3E-14
1E-13
1E-10
0.118
1E-07
1E-04
0.118
118.3
1E+05

1
0.5
0.125
28.88
0.017
6E-04
1E-13
5E-13
5E-10
0.473
5E-07
5E-04
0.473
473.2
5E+05

2
1
0.25
57.75
0.033
0.001
2E-13
9E-13
9E-10
0.946
9E-07
9E-04
0.946
946.4
9E+05

8
4
1
231
0.134
0.005
9E-13
4E-12
4E-09
3.785
4E-06
0.004
3.785
3785
4E+06

0.035
0.017
0.004
1
6E-04
2E-05
4E-15
16387
16.39
0.016
0.016
2E-05
2E-08
2E-11
2E-14

59.84
29.92
7.481
1728
1
0.037
7E-12
3E+07
28317
28.32
28.32
0.028
3E-05
3E-08
3E-11

1616
807.9
202
46656
27
1
2E-10
8E+08
8E+05
764.6
764.6
0.765
8E-04
8E-07
8E-10

e LEFT hand side


RT TO across the TOP
er you DIVIDE BY

kilo - meter

11

39370
3281
1094
0.621
1E-06
1E-05
1E-04
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
11
12
13
14
kilo - meter
are (US)acre (US)
hectare (US)
2E+09 2E+05 6E+06 2E+07
1E+07 1076 43560 1E+05
1E+06 119.6 4840 11960
0.386 4E-05 0.002 0.004
1E-12 1E-04 0.004 0.01
1E-10 0.01 0.405
1
1E-08
1 40.47
100
1E-06
100 4047 10000
1E-04 10000 4E+05 1E+06
0.01 1E+06 4E+07 1E+08
1 1E+08 4E+09 1E+10
1E-08
1 40.47
100
2E-10 0.025
1 2.471
1E-10 0.01 0.405
1
11
mile
7E+16
1E+15
1E+14
4E+13

12
13
14
15
16
milli - meter
centi - meter
liter (US)
deci - meter
meter
2E+16 2E+13 16231 2E+10 2E+07
3E+14 3E+11 270.5 3E+08 3E+05
3E+13 3E+10 33.81 3E+07 33814
8E+12 8E+09 8.454 8E+06 8454

17
18
19
deka - meter
hecto - meter
kilo - meter
16231 16.23 0.016
270.5 0.271 3E-04
33.81 0.034 3E-05
8.454 0.008 8E-06

9E+12
4E+12
1E+12
3E+14
1E+11
5E+09
1
4E+18
4E+15
4E+12
4E+12
4E+09
4E+06
4168
4.168

2E+12
1E+12
3E+11
6E-05
4E-08
1E-09
2E-19
1
1000
1E+12
1E+06
1E+09
1E+12
1E+15
1E+18

2E+09
1E+09
3E+08
0.061
4E-05
1E-06
2E-16
0.001
1
1E+09
1000
1E+06
1E+09
1E+12
1E+15

2.113
1.057
0.264
61.02
0.035
0.001
2E-13
1E-12
1E-09
1
1E-06
1E-03
1
1000
1E+06

2E+06
1E+06
3E+05
61.02
0.035
0.001
2E-13
1E-06
0.001
1E+06
1
1000
1E+06
1E+09
1E+12

2113
1057
264.2
61024
35.31
1.308
2E-10
1E-09
1E-06
1000
0.001
1
1000
1E+06
1E+09

2.113
1.057
0.264
6E+07
35315
1308
2E-07
1E-12
1E-09
1
1E-06
0.001
1
1000
1E+06

0.002
0.001
3E-04
6E+10
4E+07
1E+06
2E-04
1E-15
1E-12
0.001
1E-09
1E-06
0.001
1
1000

2E-06
1E-06
3E-07
6E+13
4E+10
1E+09
0.24
1E-18
1E-15
1E-06
1E-12
1E-09
1E-06
0.001
1

data tables used to make bottom drain charts


diameter of dome in inches
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25
2.5
4/16
3/16
3/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
9/16
7/16
6/16
5/16
5/16
4/16
4/16
13/16 11/16
9/16
8/16
7/16
6/16
8/16 1 8/16 1 8/16 1 5/16 1 2/16 1
14/16
2
2
2
2
1 12/16 1 10/16
3
3
3
3
3
3

0 0.25
0.5
0.75
1 inch diameter
0.5of pipe
8/16connected
8/16
to
8/16
drain 5/16
1.5 inch diameter
0.75 12/16
of pipe 12/16
connected
12/16
to drain
12/16
2 inch diameter1of# pipe connected
#
1 to drain
1
3 inch diameter
1.5of##
pipe
##connected
## ## 1 to
8/16
drain
1 8/16
4 inch diameter2of# pipe connected
#
2 to drain
2
6 inch diameter3of# pipe connected
#
3 to drain
3

1
1
2
3

-29.8 -29.5 -29.25


-29
1 inch diameter
0.5of0.008
pipe connected
0.008 0.0085
to drain
0.0086
1.5 inch diameter
0.75 0.019
of pipe 0.019
connected
0.0192
to drain
0.0194
2 inch diameter1of0.034
pipe connected
0.034 0.0342
to drain
0.0345
3 inch diameter
1.5of0.076
pipe connected
0.076 0.0769
to drain
0.0776
4 inch diameter2of0.134
pipe connected
0.136 0.1368
to drain
0.1379
6 inch diameter3of0.303
pipe connected
0.305 0.3077
to drain
0.3103
29.75 29.5 29.25
29

-28.75
0.0087
0.0196
0.0348
0.0783
0.1391
0.313
28.75

-28.5
0.0088
0.0197
0.0351
0.0789
0.1404
0.3158
28.5

-28.25
0.0088
0.0199
0.0354
0.0796
0.1416
0.3186
28.25

-28
0.0089
0.0201
0.0357
0.0804
0.1429
0.3214
28

1
-27.75
0.009
0.0203
0.036
0.0811
0.1441
0.3243
27.75

-27.5
0.0091
0.0205
0.0364
0.0818
0.1455
0.3273
27.5

-27.25
0.0092
0.0206
0.0367
0.0826
0.1468
0.3303
27.25

rts
es

diameter of dome in inches


2.75
3
3.25
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
6/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
13/16 12/16 11/16 10/16 10/16
9/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
6/16
1 7/16 1 5/16 1 4/16 1 2/16 1 1/16 1
15/16 14/16 13/16 13/16 12/16 12/16 11/16
3
3
2 12/16 2 9/16 2 6/16 2 4/16 2 2/16 2
1 14/16 1 13/16 1 11/16 1 10/16 1 9/16

-27
0.0093
0.0208
0.037
0.0833
0.1481
0.3333
27

-26.75
0.0093
0.021
0.0374
0.0841
0.1495
0.3364
26.75

-26.5
0.0094
0.0212
0.0377
0.0849
0.1509
0.3396
26.5

-26.25
0.0095
0.0214
0.0381
0.0857
0.1524
0.3429
26.25

-26
0.0096
0.0216
0.0385
0.0865
0.1538
0.3462
26

-25.75
0.0097
0.0218
0.0388
0.0874
0.1553
0.3495
25.75

-25.5
0.0098
0.0221
0.0392
0.0882
0.1569
0.3529
25.5

-25.25
-25 -24.75
-24.5 -24.25
0.0099
0.01 0.0101 0.0102 0.0103
0.0223 0.0225 0.0227 0.023 0.0232
0.0396
0.04 0.0404 0.0408 0.0412
0.0891
0.09 0.0909 0.0918 0.0928
0.1584
0.16 0.1616 0.1633 0.1649
0.3564
0.36 0.3636 0.3673 0.3711
25.25
25 24.75
24.5 24.25

2
-24
0.0104
0.0234
0.0417
0.0938
0.1667
0.375
24

diameter of dome in inches


6
6.25
6.5
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
2/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
11/16 10/16 10/16
1 8/16 1 7/16 1 6/16 1

d
6.75
1/16
1/16
2/16
5/16
9/16
5/16 1

7
1/16
1/16
2/16
5/16
9/16
5/16 1

7.25
1/16
1/16
2/16
5/16
9/16
4/16 1

7.5
1/16
1/16
2/16
5/16
9/16
3/16 1

7.75
1/16
1/16
2/16
5/16
8/16
3/16 1

8
8.25
1/16 0
0
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
5/16
4/16
8/16
8/16
2/16 1 1/16 1

8.5

8.75

0
1/16
2/16
4/16
8/16
1/16 1

1/16
2/16
4/16
7/16

9
0
1/16
2/16
4/16
7/16
1

2
-23.75
0.0105
0.0237
0.0421
0.0947
0.1684
0.3789
23.75

-23.5
0.0106
0.0239
0.0426
0.0957
0.1702
0.383
23.5

-23.25
0.0108
0.0242
0.043
0.0968
0.172
0.3871
23.25

-23
0.0109
0.0245
0.0435
0.0978
0.1739
0.3913
23

-22.75
-22.5 -22.25
-22 -21.75
-21.5
0.011 0.0111 0.0112 0.0114 0.0115 0.0116
0.0247 0.025 0.0253 0.0256 0.0259 0.0262
0.044 0.0444 0.0449 0.0455 0.046 0.0465
0.0989
0.1 0.1011 0.1023 0.1034 0.1047
0.1758 0.1778 0.1798 0.1818 0.1839 0.186
0.3956
0.4 0.4045 0.4091 0.4138 0.4186
22.75
22.5 22.25
22 21.75
21.5

-21.25
0.0118
0.0265
0.0471
0.1059
0.1882
0.4235
21.25

-21
0.0119
0.0268
0.0476
0.1071
0.1905
0.4286
21

-20.75
0.012
0.0271
0.0482
0.1084
0.1928
0.4337
20.75

diameter of dome in inches


9.5
9.75
10 10.25
10.5 10.75
11 11.25
11.5 11.75
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
7/16
7/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
5/16
5/16
15/16 15/16 14/16 14/16 14/16 13/16 13/16 13/16 13/16 12/16 12/16

-20.5
0.0122
0.0274
0.0488
0.1098
0.1951
0.439
20.5

3
-20.25
-20 -19.75
-19.5 -19.25
-19 -18.75
-18.5 -18.25
-18
0.0123 0.0125 0.0127 0.0128 0.013 0.0132 0.0133 0.0135 0.0137 0.0139
0.0278 0.0281 0.0285 0.0288 0.0292 0.0296
0.03 0.0304 0.0308 0.0313
0.0494
0.05 0.0506 0.0513 0.0519 0.0526 0.0533 0.0541 0.0548 0.0556
0.1111 0.1125 0.1139 0.1154 0.1169 0.1184
0.12 0.1216 0.1233 0.125
0.1975
0.2 0.2025 0.2051 0.2078 0.2105 0.2133 0.2162 0.2192 0.2222
0.4444
0.45 0.4557 0.4615 0.4675 0.4737
0.48 0.4865 0.4932
0.5
20.25
20 19.75
19.5 19.25
19 18.75
18.5 18.25
18

9.25
0
1/16
2/16
4/16
7/16

-17.75
0.0141
0.0317
0.0563
0.1268
0.2254
0.507
17.75

12.25
0

12.5
0

12.75
0

13
0

13.25
0

1/16
1/16
3/16
5/16
12/16

1/16
1/16
3/16
5/16
12/16

1/16
1/16
3/16
5/16
11/16

1/16
1/16
3/16
5/16
11/16

1/16
1/16
3/16
5/16
11/16

-17.5
0.0143
0.0321
0.0571
0.1286
0.2286
0.5143
17.5

-17.25
0.0145
0.0326
0.058
0.1304
0.2319
0.5217
17.25

-17
0.0147
0.0331
0.0588
0.1324
0.2353
0.5294
17

-16.75
0.0149
0.0336
0.0597
0.1343
0.2388
0.5373
16.75

-16.5
0.0152
0.0341
0.0606
0.1364
0.2424
0.5455
16.5

diameter of dome in inches


13.5 13.75
14 14.25
14.5 14.75
15
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
11/16 10/16 10/16 10/16 10/16 10/16 10/16

-16.25
0.0154
0.0346
0.0615
0.1385
0.2462
0.5538
16.25

4
-16
0.0156
0.0352
0.0625
0.1406
0.25
0.5625
16

-15.75
0.0159
0.0357
0.0635
0.1429
0.254
0.5714
15.75

-15.5
0.0161
0.0363
0.0645
0.1452
0.2581
0.5806
15.5

-15.25
0.0164
0.0369
0.0656
0.1475
0.2623
0.5902
15.25

-15
0.0167
0.0375
0.0667
0.15
0.2667
0.6
15

-14.75
0.0169
0.0381
0.0678
0.1525
0.2712
0.6102
14.75

diameter of dome in inches


17.5 17.75
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
9/16
9/16
9/16
9/16
9/16
9/16
9/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
15.25

15.5

15.75

16

16.25

16.5

16.75

17

17.25

-14.5
0.0172
0.0388
0.069
0.1552
0.2759
0.6207
14.5

-14.25
0.0175
0.0395
0.0702
0.1579
0.2807
0.6316
14.25

-14
0.0179
0.0402
0.0714
0.1607
0.2857
0.6429
14

-13.75
0.0182
0.0409
0.0727
0.1636
0.2909
0.6545
13.75

-13.5
0.0185
0.0417
0.0741
0.1667
0.2963
0.6667
13.5

-13.25
0.0189
0.0425
0.0755
0.1698
0.3019
0.6792
13.25

-13
0.0192
0.0433
0.0769
0.1731
0.3077
0.6923
13

-12.75
0.0196
0.0441
0.0784
0.1765
0.3137
0.7059
12.75

-12.5
0.02
0.045
0.08
0.18
0.32
0.72
12.5

-12.25
0.0204
0.0459
0.0816
0.1837
0.3265
0.7347
12.25

5
-12
0.0208
0.0469
0.0833
0.1875
0.3333
0.75
12

-11.75
0.0213
0.0479
0.0851
0.1915
0.3404
0.766
11.75

of dome in inches
18.25
18.5 18.75
19 19.25
19.5 19.75
20 20.25
20.5 20.75
21
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
4/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
8/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
5
-11.5 -11.25
-11 -10.75
-10.5
0.0217 0.0222 0.0227 0.0233 0.0238
0.0489
0.05 0.0511 0.0523 0.0536
0.087 0.0889 0.0909 0.093 0.0952
0.1957
0.2 0.2045 0.2093 0.2143
0.3478 0.3556 0.3636 0.3721 0.381
0.7826
0.8 0.8182 0.8372 0.8571
11.5 11.25
11 10.75
10.5

-10.25
-10
-9.75
-9.5
-9.25
0.0244 0.025 0.0256 0.0263 0.027
0.0549 0.0563 0.0577 0.0592 0.0608
0.0976
0.1 0.1026 0.1053 0.1081
0.2195 0.225 0.2308 0.2368 0.2432
0.3902
0.4 0.4103 0.4211 0.4324
0.878
0.9 0.9231 0.9474 0.973
10.25
10
9.75
9.5
9.25

-9
0.0278
0.0625
0.1111
0.25
0.4444
1
9

-8.75
0.0286
0.0643
0.1143
0.2571
0.4571
1.0286
8.75

diame

diameter of dome in inches


21.5 21.75
22 22.25
22.5 22.75
23 23.25
23.5 23.75
24
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
7/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
21.25

-8.5
0.0294
0.0662
0.1176
0.2647
0.4706
1.0588
8.5

6
-8.25
-8
-7.75
-7.5
-7.25
-7
-6.75
0.0303 0.0313 0.0323 0.0333 0.0345 0.0357 0.037
0.0682 0.0703 0.0726 0.075 0.0776 0.0804 0.0833
0.1212 0.125 0.129 0.1333 0.1379 0.1429 0.1481
0.2727 0.2813 0.2903
0.3 0.3103 0.3214 0.3333
0.4848
0.5 0.5161 0.5333 0.5517 0.5714 0.5926
1.0909 1.125 1.1613
1.2 1.2414 1.2857 1.3333
8.25
8
7.75
7.5
7.25
7
6.75

-6.5
0.0385
0.0865
0.1538
0.3462
0.6154
1.3846
6.5

-6.25
0.04
0.09
0.16
0.36
0.64
1.44
6.25

-6
0.0417
0.0938
0.1667
0.375
0.6667
1.5
6

-5.75
0.0435
0.0978
0.1739
0.3913
0.6957
1.5652
5.75

24.25
0
0

24.5
0
0

1/16
1/16
3/16
6/16

-5.5
0.0455
0.1023
0.1818
0.4091
0.7273
1.6364
5.5

24.75
0
0

1/16
1/16
3/16
6/16

25
0
0

1/16
1/16
3/16
6/16

1/16
1/16
3/16
6/16

diameter of dome in inches


25.25
25.5 25.75
26 26.25
26.5 26.75 27 27 28
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#
#
#
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#
#
#
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
#
#
#
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
#
#
#
3/16
3/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
#
#
#
6/16
6/16
6/16
6/16
5/16
5/16
5/16
#
#
#

7
-5.25
-5
-4.75
-4.5
-4.25
-4
-3.75
-3.5
-3.25
0.0476
0.05 0.0526 0.0556 0.0588 0.0625 0.0667 0.0714 0.0769
0.1071 0.1125 0.1184 0.125 0.1324 0.1406
0.15 0.1607 0.1731
0.1905
0.2 0.2105 0.2222 0.2353
0.25 0.2667 0.2857 0.3077
0.4286
0.45 0.4737
0.5 0.5294 0.5625
0.6 0.6429 0.6923
0.7619
0.8 0.8421 0.8889 0.9412
1 1.0667 1.1429 1.2308
1.7143
1.8 1.8947
2 2.1176
2.25
2.4 2.5714 2.7692
5.25
5
4.75
4.5
4.25
4
3.75
3.5
3.25

-3
0.0833
0.1875
0.3333
0.75
1.3333
3
3

-3
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.8
1.5
3
2.8

-3
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.9
1.6
3
2.5

-2
0.1
0.3
0.4
1
1.8
3
2.3

diameter of dome in inches


28 28 28 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 33 33
33
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
0
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
0
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
# #
#
#
0
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
1/16
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
2/16
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
4/16

-2
0.1
0.3
0.5
1.1
2
3
2

-2
0.1
0.3
0.6
1.3
2
3
1.8

-2
0.2
0.4
0.7
1.5
2
3
1.5

8
-1 -1 -1 -1 -0
0
0 0.3 0.5
0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
1.3
1 0.8 0.5 0.3
0
0 0.3 0.5

0.8
1 1.3 1.5 1.8
0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3
1
1 0.8 0.7 0.6
1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
0.8
1 1.3 1.5 1.8

2
0.1
0.3
0.5
1.1
2
3
2

2.3
0.1
0.3
0.4
1
1.8
3
2.3

2.5
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.9
1.6
3
2.5

2.8
0.1
0.2
0.4
0.8
1.5
3
2.8

3
0.0833
0.1875
0.3333
0.75
1.3333
3
3

diameter of dome in inches


33.75
34 34.25
34.5 34.75
35 35.25
35.5 35.75
36
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
33.25

3.25
0.0769
0.1731
0.3077
0.6923
1.2308
2.7692
3.25

33.5

7
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
0.0714 0.0667 0.0625 0.0588 0.0556 0.0526
0.05 0.0476 0.0455 0.0435
0.1607
0.15 0.1406 0.1324 0.125 0.1184 0.1125 0.1071 0.1023 0.0978
0.2857 0.2667
0.25 0.2353 0.2222 0.2105
0.2 0.1905 0.1818 0.1739
0.6429
0.6 0.5625 0.5294
0.5 0.4737
0.45 0.4286 0.4091 0.3913
1.1429 1.0667
1 0.9412 0.8889 0.8421
0.8 0.7619 0.7273 0.6957
2.5714
2.4
2.25 2.1176
2 1.8947
1.8 1.7143 1.6364 1.5652
3.5
3.75
4
4.25
4.5
4.75
5
5.25
5.5
5.75

6
0.0417
0.0938
0.1667
0.375
0.6667
1.5
6

diameter of dome in inches


37.5 37.75
38 38.25
38.5 38.75
39
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
36.25

36.5

36.75

37

6.25
0.04
0.09
0.16
0.36
0.64
1.44
6.25

6.5
0.0385
0.0865
0.1538
0.3462
0.6154
1.3846
6.5

6.75
0.037
0.0833
0.1481
0.3333
0.5926
1.3333
6.75

7
0.0357
0.0804
0.1429
0.3214
0.5714
1.2857
7

37.25

6
7.25
7.5
7.75
8
8.25
8.5
0.0345 0.0333 0.0323 0.0313 0.0303 0.0294
0.0776 0.075 0.0726 0.0703 0.0682 0.0662
0.1379 0.1333 0.129 0.125 0.1212 0.1176
0.3103
0.3 0.2903 0.2813 0.2727 0.2647
0.5517 0.5333 0.5161
0.5 0.4848 0.4706
1.2414
1.2 1.1613 1.125 1.0909 1.0588
7.25
7.5
7.75
8
8.25
8.5

8.75
0.0286
0.0643
0.1143
0.2571
0.4571
1.0286
8.75

9
0.0278
0.0625
0.1111
0.25
0.4444
1
9

diameter of dome in inches


41.5 41.75
42
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
4/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
39.25

39.5

9.25
0.027
0.0608
0.1081
0.2432
0.4324
0.973
9.25

9.5
0.0263
0.0592
0.1053
0.2368
0.4211
0.9474
9.5

39.75

40

40.25

40.5

40.75

41

41.25

5
9.75
10 10.25
10.5 10.75
11 11.25
11.5 11.75
12
0.0256 0.025 0.0244 0.0238 0.0233 0.0227 0.0222 0.0217 0.0213 0.0208
0.0577 0.0563 0.0549 0.0536 0.0523 0.0511
0.05 0.0489 0.0479 0.0469
0.1026
0.1 0.0976 0.0952 0.093 0.0909 0.0889 0.087 0.0851 0.0833
0.2308 0.225 0.2195 0.2143 0.2093 0.2045
0.2 0.1957 0.1915 0.1875
0.4103
0.4 0.3902 0.381 0.3721 0.3636 0.3556 0.3478 0.3404 0.3333
0.9231
0.9 0.878 0.8571 0.8372 0.8182
0.8 0.7826 0.766
0.75
9.75
10 10.25
10.5 10.75
11 11.25
11.5 11.75
12

of dome in inches
42.25
42.5 42.75
43 43.25
43.5 43.75
44 44.25
44.5 44.75
45
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
2/16
2/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
5
12.25
0.0204
0.0459
0.0816
0.1837
0.3265
0.7347
12.25

12.5
0.02
0.045
0.08
0.18
0.32
0.72
12.5

12.75
0.0196
0.0441
0.0784
0.1765
0.3137
0.7059
12.75

13
0.0192
0.0433
0.0769
0.1731
0.3077
0.6923
13

13.25
0.0189
0.0425
0.0755
0.1698
0.3019
0.6792
13.25

13.5
0.0185
0.0417
0.0741
0.1667
0.2963
0.6667
13.5

13.75
0.0182
0.0409
0.0727
0.1636
0.2909
0.6545
13.75

14
0.0179
0.0402
0.0714
0.1607
0.2857
0.6429
14

14.25
0.0175
0.0395
0.0702
0.1579
0.2807
0.6316
14.25

14.5
0.0172
0.0388
0.069
0.1552
0.2759
0.6207
14.5

14.75
0.0169
0.0381
0.0678
0.1525
0.2712
0.6102
14.75

15
0.0167
0.0375
0.0667
0.15
0.2667
0.6
15

diame

diameter of dome in inches


45.5 45.75
46 46.25
46.5 46.75
47 47.25
47.5 47.75
48
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
45.25

15.25
0.0164
0.0369
0.0656
0.1475
0.2623
0.5902
15.25

15.5
0.0161
0.0363
0.0645
0.1452
0.2581
0.5806
15.5

4
15.75
0.0159
0.0357
0.0635
0.1429
0.254
0.5714
15.75

16
0.0156
0.0352
0.0625
0.1406
0.25
0.5625
16

16.25
0.0154
0.0346
0.0615
0.1385
0.2462
0.5538
16.25

16.5
0.0152
0.0341
0.0606
0.1364
0.2424
0.5455
16.5

16.75
0.0149
0.0336
0.0597
0.1343
0.2388
0.5373
16.75

17
0.0147
0.0331
0.0588
0.1324
0.2353
0.5294
17

17.25
0.0145
0.0326
0.058
0.1304
0.2319
0.5217
17.25

17.5
0.0143
0.0321
0.0571
0.1286
0.2286
0.5143
17.5

17.75
0.0141
0.0317
0.0563
0.1268
0.2254
0.507
17.75

18
0.0139
0.0313
0.0556
0.125
0.2222
0.5
18

diameter of dome in inches


49.5 49.75
50 50.25
50.5 50.75
51
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
48.25

18.25
0.0137
0.0308
0.0548
0.1233
0.2192
0.4932
18.25

48.5

48.75

49

49.25

3
18.5 18.75
19 19.25
19.5 19.75
20 20.25
20.5 20.75
21
0.0135 0.0133 0.0132 0.013 0.0128 0.0127 0.0125 0.0123 0.0122 0.012 0.0119
0.0304
0.03 0.0296 0.0292 0.0288 0.0285 0.0281 0.0278 0.0274 0.0271 0.0268
0.0541 0.0533 0.0526 0.0519 0.0513 0.0506
0.05 0.0494 0.0488 0.0482 0.0476
0.1216
0.12 0.1184 0.1169 0.1154 0.1139 0.1125 0.1111 0.1098 0.1084 0.1071
0.2162 0.2133 0.2105 0.2078 0.2051 0.2025
0.2 0.1975 0.1951 0.1928 0.1905
0.4865
0.48 0.4737 0.4675 0.4615 0.4557
0.45 0.4444 0.439 0.4337 0.4286
18.5 18.75
19 19.25
19.5 19.75
20 20.25
20.5 20.75
21

diameter of dome in inches


53.5 53.75
54
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
51.25

51.5

51.75

52

21.25
0.0118
0.0265
0.0471
0.1059
0.1882
0.4235
21.25

21.5
0.0116
0.0262
0.0465
0.1047
0.186
0.4186
21.5

21.75
0.0115
0.0259
0.046
0.1034
0.1839
0.4138
21.75

22
0.0114
0.0256
0.0455
0.1023
0.1818
0.4091
22

52.25

52.5

52.75

53

53.25

2
22.25
22.5 22.75
23 23.25
23.5 23.75
0.0112 0.0111 0.011 0.0109 0.0108 0.0106 0.0105
0.0253 0.025 0.0247 0.0245 0.0242 0.0239 0.0237
0.0449 0.0444 0.044 0.0435 0.043 0.0426 0.0421
0.1011
0.1 0.0989 0.0978 0.0968 0.0957 0.0947
0.1798 0.1778 0.1758 0.1739 0.172 0.1702 0.1684
0.4045
0.4 0.3956 0.3913 0.3871 0.383 0.3789
22.25
22.5 22.75
23 23.25
23.5 23.75

24
0.0104
0.0234
0.0417
0.0938
0.1667
0.375
24

of dome in inches
54.25
54.5 54.75
55 55.25
55.5 55.75
56 56.25
56.5 56.75
57
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
2
24.25
0.0103
0.0232
0.0412
0.0928
0.1649
0.3711
24.25

24.5
0.0102
0.023
0.0408
0.0918
0.1633
0.3673
24.5

24.75
25 25.25
25.5 25.75
26
0.0101
0.01 0.0099 0.0098 0.0097 0.0096
0.0227 0.0225 0.0223 0.0221 0.0218 0.0216
0.0404
0.04 0.0396 0.0392 0.0388 0.0385
0.0909
0.09 0.0891 0.0882 0.0874 0.0865
0.1616
0.16 0.1584 0.1569 0.1553 0.1538
0.3636
0.36 0.3564 0.3529 0.3495 0.3462
24.75
25 25.25
25.5 25.75
26

26.25
0.0095
0.0214
0.0381
0.0857
0.1524
0.3429
26.25

26.5
0.0094
0.0212
0.0377
0.0849
0.1509
0.3396
26.5

26.75
0.0093
0.021
0.0374
0.0841
0.1495
0.3364
26.75

27
0.0093
0.0208
0.037
0.0833
0.1481
0.3333
27

diameter

diameter of dome in inches


57.5 57.75
58 58.25
58.5 58.75
59 59.25
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
1/16
3/16
3/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
2/16
57.25

27.25
0.0092
0.0206
0.0367
0.0826
0.1468
0.3303
27.25

27.5
0.0091
0.0205
0.0364
0.0818
0.1455
0.3273
27.5

1
27.75
0.009
0.0203
0.036
0.0811
0.1441
0.3243
27.75

28
0.0089
0.0201
0.0357
0.0804
0.1429
0.3214
28

28.25
0.0088
0.0199
0.0354
0.0796
0.1416
0.3186
28.25

28.5
0.0088
0.0197
0.0351
0.0789
0.1404
0.3158
28.5

28.75
0.0087
0.0196
0.0348
0.0783
0.1391
0.313
28.75

29
0.0086
0.0194
0.0345
0.0776
0.1379
0.3103
29

29.25
0.0085
0.0192
0.0342
0.0769
0.1368
0.3077
29.25

59.5
#
#
#
##
##
##

59.8
#
#
#
##
##
##

29.5
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.08
0.14
0.31
29.5

29.8
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.08
0.13
0.3
29.8