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You are on page 1of 7

Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page nd all choices

before answering. The due time is Central

time.

Conducting Ring

31:01, trigonometry, multiple choice, <1 min,

xed.

001

A constant current is owing through a

solenoid, creating a magnetic eld.

V

I

B

conducting

ring

The force which the magnetic eld exerts

on a conducting ring positioned as shown is

1. There is no force, only a torque.

2. upward.

3. downward.

4. There is neither a force nor a torque.

correct

Explanation:

The magnetic eld within the conducting

ring is constant since the current owing

through the solenoid is constant in time. In

other words, there is no induced current in

the conducting ring. Therefore, no force nor

torque is exerted on the conducting ring.

keywords:

Applied Force on a Bar 03

31:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,

wording-variable.

002

In the arrangement shown in the gure, the

resistor is 5 and a 4 T magnetic eld is

directed out of the paper. The separation

between the rails is 3 m. Neglect the mass of

the bar.

An applied force moves the bar to the left

at a constant speed of 2 m/s . Assume the

bar and rails have negligible resistance and

friction.

m

1

g

2 m/s

5

4 T

4 T

I

3

m

Calculate the applied force required to

move the bar to the left at a constant speed

of 2 m/s .

Correct answer: 57.6 N.

Explanation:

Let : R = 5 ,

B = 4 T,

= 3 m, and

v = 2 m/s .

Motional emf: E = B v .

Magnetic force on current:

F = I

B.

Ohms Law: I =

V

R

.

The motional emf induced in the circuit is

E = B v

= (4 T) (3 m) (2 m/s)

= 24 V.

From Ohms law, the current owing through

the resistor is

I =

E

R

=

24 V

5

= 4.8 A.

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 2

Thus, the magnitude of the force exerted on

the bar due to the magnetic eld is

F

B

= I B

= (4.8 A)(3 m)(4 T)

= 57.6 N.

To maintain the motion of the bar, a force

must be applied on the bar to balance the

magnetic force

F = F

B

= 57.6 N .

keywords:

Square Copper Plate 02

31:02, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,

wording-variable.

003

A square piece of copper is rotated about

its center in a magnetic eld B (into the page

, out of the page ). Shown below are dif-

ferent charge congurations associated with

this procedure.

Select the gure with an acceptable charge

distribution.

1.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

correct

2.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

3.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

4.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

5.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

++

+

+

+

+ +

6.

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

++

+

+

+

+ +

Explanation:

Using the right-hand-rule, the only accept-

able charge distribution is

B

B

B

B

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 3

keywords:

AP B 1998 MC 48

31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, <1 min,

wording-variable.

004

A single circular loop of wire in the plane

of the page is perpendicular to a uniform

magnetic eld

B directed out of the page,

as shown.

B

B

If the magnitude of the magnetic eld is

decreasing, then the induced current in the

wire loop is

1. counterclockwise around the loop. cor-

rect

2. clockwise around the loop.

3. directed upward out of the paper.

4. directed downward into the paper.

5. zero. (No current is induced.)

Explanation:

Using Lenzs law, the induced current must

be directed to counter the change of the mag-

netic ux through the loop; i.e., the mag-

netic eld generated by the induced current is

pointing upward out of the page. Thus, using

right hand rule, the induced current must be

counterclockwise along the loop.

keywords:

Circle Into a Square

31:03, trigonometry, numeric, > 1 min, nor-

mal.

005

A horizontal circular wire loop of radius 0.5 m

lies in a plane perpendicular to a uniform

magnetic eld pointing from above into the

plane of the loop, has a magnitude of 0.4 T.

If in 0.1 s the wire is reshaped from a circle

into a square, but remains in the same plane,

what is the magnitude of the average induced

emf in the wire during this time?

Correct answer: 0.674191 V.

Explanation:

Let : r = 0.5 m,

b = 0.4 T, and

t = 0.1 s .

The average induced emf E is given by

E = N

_

t

_

=

t

since N = 1, and

= B(A

circle

A

square

)

= B( r

2

A

square

) .

Also, the circumference of the circle is 2 r,

so each side of the square has a length

L =

2 r

4

=

r

2

,

so

A

square

= L

2

=

_

r

2

_

2

.

Thus

= B

_

r

2

_

r

2

_

2

_

= 0.4 T

_

(0.5 m)

2

_

(0.5 m)

2

2

__

= 0.0674191 T m

2

.

and the average induced emf is

E =

0.0674191 T m

2

0.1 s

= 0.674191 V .

006

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 4

The current in the loop during the deforma-

tion

1. ows clockwise when viewed from above.

correct

2. ows counter-clockwise when viewed from

above.

3. ows in a direction that cannot be deter-

mined from given information.

4. does not arise.

Explanation:

The deformation causes the ux through

the loop to decrease since the area of the loop

is reduced. By Lenzs law, the induced emf

will cause the current to ow in the loop so

as to induce a magnetic eld that attempts

to resist the change of magnetic ux through

the loop. A clockwise ow of current, when

viewed from above tends to increase the ex-

isting downward magnetic eld through the

loop, thereby resisting the decrease of mag-

netic ux through the loop.

keywords:

Induced Current Directions 06

31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,

wording-variable.

007

Assume: These are ideal coils.

Given: Two coils are suspended around a

common central axis as shown in the gure

below. One of the coils is connected to a

resistor R with ends labeled a and b. The

other coil is connected to a battery E through

a switch S.

Use Lenzs lawto answer the following ques-

tion concerning the direction of induced cur-

rents.

R

a

b

S E

+

coils after the switch is closed for a long period

of time is

A1: right to left (= B).

A2: left to right (B =).

After switch S has been open for a long

period of time, the switch is closed.

The direction of the internal induced mag-

netic eld by the larger diameter (secondary)

coil just after the switch is closed is

B1: left to right (B

induced

=).

B2: right to left (= B

induced

).

The direction of the current induced in the

resistor R just after the switch is closed is

C1: from a through R to b (I ).

C2: from b through R to a (I).

Choose the appropriate answer.

1. A1, B1, C1 correct

2. A1, B1, C2

3. A1, B2, C1

4. A1, B2, C2

5. A2, B1, C1

6. A2, B1, C2

7. A2, B2, C1

8. A2, B2, C2

Explanation:

The smaller helical coil produces a counter-

clockwise current (looking from left-hand end

of the coil).

Using the right-hand rule, when the switch

is closed, the magnetic eld is directed from

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 5

right to left (= B).

The induced magnetic eld depends on

whether the ux is increasing or decreasing,

since by Lenzs law the induced current will

produce ux to oppose a change in ux.

When the switch is open, there is no mag-

netic eld.

At the moment the switch is closed, the

magnetic ux through the coils increases.

The induced eld through the coil in the

circuit with a resistor must produce a mag-

netic eld from left to right (B

induced

=) to

resist any change of ux in the coil (Lenzs

law).

The larger helical coil is wound counter-

clockwise (looking from left-hand end of the

coil) from terminal a to terminal b.

Using the right-hand rule, when the

induced magnetic eld is left to right

(B

induced

=), the induced current through

the resistor R ows from a through R to

b (I ).

Note: There are eight dierent presenta-

tions of this problem and this is the rst.

keywords:

Induced Current Directions 07

31:03, trigonometry, multiple choice, >1 min,

wording-variable.

008

Given: Two coils are suspended around

a central axis as shown in the gure below.

One coil is connected to a resistor with ends

labeled a and b. The other coil is con-

nected to a battery E. The coils are moving

relative to each other as indicated by the ve-

locity vectors v.

Use Lenzs lawto answer the following ques-

tion concerning the direction of induced cur-

rents and magnetic elds.

+

E

R

a

b

v

v

The direction of the magnetic eld in the

coil with the battery attached is

A1: from right to left (= B

primary

).

A2: from left to right (B

primary

=).

The direction of the induced magnetic eld

in the coil with the resistor attached is

B1: from right to left (= B

induced

).

B2: from left to right (B

induced

=).

The direction of the induced current in re-

sistor R is

C1: from b through R to a (I).

C2: from a through R to b (I ).

Choose the appropriate answer.

1. A1, B1, C1 correct

2. A1, B1, C2

3. A1, B2, C1

4. A1, B2, C2

5. A2, B1, C1

6. A2, B1, C2

7. A2, B2, C1

8. A2, B2, C2

Explanation:

Question A1 & A2: The helical coil with

the battery attached (when viewed from ei-

ther end) is wound clockwise (as you go into

the coil).

Using the right-hand rule, the magnetic ux

through the coil with the battery attached has

a magnetic eld direction right to left.

Question B1 & B2:

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 6

Note: The induced magnetic eld depends

on whether the ux is increasing or decreas-

ing.

+

E

R

a

b

B

primary

B

induced

The magnetic ux through the coil is from

right to left. When the coils are moving

towards from each other, the magnetic ux

through the coil with the attached resistor

decreases.

The induced current in the coil must pro-

duce an induced magnetic eld from right

to left (= B

induced

) to resist any change of

magnetic ux in the coil (Lenzs Law).

Question C1 & C2: The helical coil with

the resistor attached (when viewed from ei-

ther end) is wound counter-clockwise (as you

go into the coil).

Since the induced eld is right to left

(= B

induced

) the induced current in the coil

ows clockwise when viewing the coil from the

right-hand side.

Therefore the current ows from b

through R to a ( I).

Note: There are eight dierent presenta-

tions of this problem and this is the rst.

keywords:

Rectangular Loop 02

31:04, highSchool, multiple choice, > 1 min,

wording-variable.

009

A rectangular loop of wire is pulled through

a magnetic eld B (into the page). Shown

below are four dierent stages of development

of this procedure, labeled A, B, C, and D.

The rectangular loop has a constant speed

as it is pulled through the loop.

B

B

B

B

F

A

v

B

B

B

B

F

B

v

B

B

B

B

F

C

v

B

B

B

B

F

D

v

Figure: The force vector is not

to scale. The velocity vector is

to scale; (i.e., constant speed).

Select the correct rank ordering of the mag-

nitudes of the force pulling the rectangular

loop (at constant speed) in the four stages

shown above.

1. F

B

= F

D

> F

A

= F

C

correct

2. F

A

= F

D

> F

B

= F

C

3. F

A

= F

C

> F

B

= F

D

Create assignment, 00224, Homework 8, Apr 01 at 6:44 pm 7

4. F

B

= F

C

> F

A

= F

D

5. F

B

> F

D

= F

A

> F

C

6. F

A

> F

D

= F

B

> F

C

7. F

A

> F

C

= F

B

> F

D

8. F

B

> F

C

= F

A

> F

D

9. F

A

> F

C

> F

B

> F

D

10. F

B

> F

C

> F

A

> F

D

Explanation:

F

A

is zero because there is no eld. F

C

is

zero because there is no change in ux within

the loop; i.e., no current in the loop. F

B

and

F

D

both have a changing ux in the loop,

producing a current ow in the loop. The

right-hand-rule produces a force which will

tend to hold the loop stationary, (F

B

= F

D

) .

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