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Passive Voice

Nama NPM Kelas

: Jorge imam : 14213680 : 1EA22

PASSIVE VOICE
Passive voice is a grammatical construction where the subject in sentence or clause do not take action, but receive action or actionable by another agent either mentioned or not. But in general, English Passive Sentences are formed by adding To be before V3 or Be + V3.

The general formula to form a passive sentence :

Active : S + Verb + Object... Passive : Object + to be + Verb 3 (+by subject)

To be used : Present : is, am, are Past : was, were Perfect : been (. have, has, or had) Future : be (after modals) Continuous : being (in front of one of the seven to be on top)

PASSIVE GERUND
Passive Gerund with verb Want, Need, Require, Deserve, Worth Example: The chair needs repairing The houses need painting The composition requires rewriting Your shoes want mending Passive Gerund after the preposition / preposition. Example: He is afraid of being punished Maisy objects to being helped by Ganis. David doesnt like being scolded by his friends

Passive Gerund Auxiliary verb "to be" in the form of Gerund. Example: I dont like being cheated. She hates being started at. She always does everything without being told.

Adjective followed by the verb 'infinitive' and ends with the verb, the sentence is translated by a passive, although not in the passive construction. Example: Its hard to believe. Its difficult to solve. Its a good idea

The following is a form of passive sentences for each of the tenses and modals:

Simple Tense S + be (is, am, are, was, were) + V III Tenses Present Past Future Active sentence The teacher helps me The teacher helped me The teacher will help me The teacher is going to help me Passive sentences I am helped by the teacher I was helped by the teacher I will be helped by the teacher I am going to be helped by the teacher

Continuous Tense S + be (is, am, are, was, were) + being + V III Tenses Present Past Future Active sentence The teacher is helping me The teacher was helping me The teacher will be helping me Passive sentences I am being helped by the teacher I was being helped by the teacher I will be being helped by the teacher

Perfect Tense S + has/have/had + been + V III Tenses Present Past Future Active sentence The teacher has helped me The teacher had helped me The teacher will have helped me Passive sentences I have been helped by the teacher I had been helped by the teacher I will have been helped by the teacher

Perfect Continuous Tense S + has/have/had + been + being + V III Tenses Active sentence Present The teacher has been helping me Past The teacher had been helping me Passive sentences I have been being helped by the teacher I had been being helped by the teacher I will have been being helped by the teacher

Future The teacher will have been helping me

Modals S + modals + be + V III Active sentence The teacher will help me The teacher can help me The teacher should help me The teacher ought to help me The teacher must help me The teacher has to help me The teacher may help me The teacher might help me Passive sentences I will be helped by the teacher I can be helped by the teacher I should be helped by the teacher I ought to be helped by the teacher I must be helped by the teacher I has to be helped by the teacher I may be helped by the teacher I might be helped by the teacher

Use By Consider the following examples: The word 'by' is used in the passive voice when someone is doing These shoes were made by my uncle

these activities is important to mention / unknown. In the example on the side, by my aunt is an important information.. Some passive sentences do not use the word 'by' when information a person / people who perform activities that are not important or not known exactly who perform these activities.

Those shoes were made in Brazil. (by someone)

Spanish is spokenin Mexico. (by people)

That house was built in 1987. (by someone)

Rice is grown in Indonesia. (by people)

Example :

A : Jorge sings a song (active) P : A song is sung by Jorge (Passive)

A : Jorge sang a song yesterday P : A song was sung by Jorge yesterday

A: Jorge has sung a song P : A song has been sung by Jorge

A: Jorge will sing a song P : A song will be sung by Jorge

A: Jorge is singing a song P: A song is being sung by Jorge

A : Jorge can sing a song P : A song can be sung by Jorge

A : The coach helps me P : I am helped by the coach

Questions:
1. All the books in the library______by the minister of Finance last year. A. Were given B. gave 2. have you posted the mail? Not yet sir, it _____at five oclock. A. Will posted B. Will post C.posts D. will be posted C. has given D. give

3. What should ________to be accepted as the collegian of state acountancy college?. A. To be done B. Be done C. being done D.been done

4. Its no use expecting an answer today, as your proposal_______by his mother. A.had not yet been receive B. is not receive yet 5. Jones Michle C. will not have been received yet D. will receive

: Why doesnt she accept the job? : ___________________________ C. because she didnt offer it

A. Because she hasnt been offered it

B. Because she doesnt offer it D. Because she hasnt offered it 6. If you_________ in the STAN enterance test, there will be many alternative to choose. A. are not accepted B. do not accept C. accepted D. was accept

7. Ustman Bin Affan ,one of disciples of our prophet Muhamad SAW, ____ by God to enter the heaven. A. have quaranteed B. quaranteed C. is quarenteed D. was quarenting

8. I became quite nervous when I knew that I would be _______by Mr. Kusman Aji. A. Was interviewing B. Interview C. interviewed D. interviewing

9. The tower of Telkomsel ________when the earth quake happened A. was built B.are building C. is to built D. was being built

10. who will represent our school to join the mathematic olympiad ? I dont know yet, they _______by our head master. A. Still selecting B. Still be selected C. are still being selected D.. are still selecting

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