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Unit-1 1.evaluate the directive of, i)An isotropic sources i)sources with bidirectional cos power pattern .

2.explain the Lorentz gauge condition and show that, .. A / J !" #J

&agnetic vector potential. '.explain following ter&s related to antenna i)field radiation pattern iii) directivit( v) effective length ii)power radiation pattern iv) radiation resistance vi) effective aperture

!\$ A

). %here , A

is

).define and explain about following antenna para&eters. i)gain ii)antenna efficienc( iii)half#power bea& width iv)bea& efficienc( *.define the ter& effective aperture, effective length of a radiator and show that the effective length of an antenna +sed in trans&itting &ode is sa&e used in receiving &ode. ,.distinguish between the ter&s- effective length and effective area and deduce the relation between the& . ..what is retarded vector potential/ 0btain the expression for retarded vector potential.

Unit-2
1.derive the expression for electric field in case of short current ele&ent 2.starting fro& the funda&entals,derive an expression for radiated electric field for half#wave dipole '.fine the effective length of a half#wave \$1/2) dipole ).find the radiation resistance of a current ele&ent. *. write the radiation resistance of the half wave dipole . ,.calculate the power gain of a half#wave dipole whose oh&ic losses and directive gain are ..2 oh&s and 1.,) oh&s respectivel(. ..what is hertzian dipole /write relation between a current ele&ent and an electric dipole writing suitable exepression.

Unit-3

1. deter&ine the fields at an( far point 3 for unifor& ,linear arra( of n ele&ents. 2. derive the conditions for the linear arra( of 4 isotropic ele&ents to radiate in end fire and broad side &ode/ '.find the radiation pattern of )#isotropic ele&ents fed in phase, spaced 1/2 apart b( using pattern &ultiplication . ).explain about the following a)power patterns b)field patterns c)phase patterns

*.derive the field co&ponents and draw the field pattern for two point source with spacing of 1/2 and fed with 5urrents of e6ual &agnitude and phase. ,. find the radiation pattern of 7 isotropic ele&ents fed in# phase ,spaced 1/2 apart b( using pattern &ultiplication. ..deter&ine the expression for total far field for the two point sources with currents of une6ual &agnitudes and %ith sa&e phase

Bits: 1.radiation resistance dissipates an a&ount of power that is e6ual to 2.effective of an antenna in ter&s of directive gain and power gain is 8888888888888888888888888888888888 '.the bea& efficienc( of an antenna can be defined as the ratio of 8888888888888888 to 88888888888888888 ).an isotropic radiator has the directivit( of 88888888888888888888888888888 *.the abilit( of an antenna to extract energ( fro& an 9: wave is ter&ed as 8888888888888888888888 ,.the noise te&perature of an antenna is e6ual to its 88888888888888888888888888 te&perature. ..front#to#bac; ratio is power radiated in 8888888888888888888 direction to the power radiated in 888888888 direction. 7.with the help of 8888888888888888 &ethod, an electrical length of the parasitic ele&ent can be ad<usted. =.friis trans&ission for&ula is ,p> ? 8888888888888888888888888888888888 12.according to the @el&holtz theore&, if the 8888888888888 and 888888888888888 of the field are ;nown at a point then an( Aector can be defined uni6uel(. 11.due to non#existence of &onopole ,&axwellBs e6uation is 8888888888888888888888888888888888 12.the efficienc( of an antenna in ter&s of radiated antenna and oh&ic losses is C D

a)

r r + l

b)

l r + l

c)

2r r + l

d)

2l r + l

1'. the variation of radiated power with an elevation angle is called 888888888888888888 a) electric field pattern b) &agnetic field pattern c) power pattern d) none.

a)directl( proportional the s6uare of

b)inversel( proportional

c)independent of fre6uenc( d) inversel( proportional to

the fre6uenc( 1*.if ELeffB is an effective length and ELB is the actual length of antenna,then the relation between effective length and actual length Fs ,

a) Leff G L

b) Leff H L

c) Leff ? L

d) Leff ? ' L

1,. when the directivit( of an antenna increases then its bea& width a) increases b) decreased c) increases b( 2 ti&es d) no effect

2.the half wave dipole contains two legs each of length

L 2 .

'.the dipole are fed at centre . ).the po(enting vector &ethod is used to calculate the power radiated b( half#wave dipole antenna. *.if ElB is the actual length of a linear antenna then its effective length EleB when the current distribution is in linear fashion is given

I(

l 2

,.a loop consists of &ore than one turn is called fra&e . .. vector loop antennas are used to find the direction of radiation.

7. the radiation resistance of s&all loop antenna is 1=.

( )

=.the far fields of s&all loop and short loop dipoles are in ti&e phase 6uadrature. 12.if the dia&eter of a circular loop is 1.* 1.,then its directivit( is '.17.* . 11.an antenna having a large nu&ber of ver( short conductors connected in series is C a a) linear antenna b)non#linear antenna C b c)dipole antenna D c)72J d)7*J C c D

12.the radiation resistance of half#wave dipole is a).1J b).'J

1'.the radiation resistance of a 6uarter wave &onopole antenna is88888888888888 of the resistance of a dipole. D a)'ti&es b)2ti&es c)half C d D d)none of the above.

1).the radiation resistance of a s&all loop antenna is

a)22

2C

b) '2

2C

c) )2

2C

d) ,2

C
1*. the size of the closed loop antenna and its radiation efficienc( are a)directl( proportional to each other c)independent to each other C a D

b)inversel( proportional to each other d)none of the above

1.an arra( of ele&ents for which the radiation is &axi&u& in the direction of nor&al to the arra( axis is called broad# side arra(. 2.the progressive phase shift of an end#fire arra( is ' .directivit( of a broad side arra( of *1 length is #Kd 12

Nd 2 L )D

*.the direcitivit( of an end fire arra( with increased directivi( is 1..7=C)n\$

,.the bino&ial arra( has zero side lobe level ..the product of the pattern of the individual antenna with its arra( pattern is called principal of patten &ultiplication 7.the null#to#null bea& width of an antenna reduces with the increase in its arra( length. =.in bino&ial arra(,the excitation of central ele&ents is ver( storng 12.all the tcheb(scheff pol(no&ials oscillate between the values 1 to #1 11.an excitation value of the broad#side arra( is C a D a)2 b)1 c)2 d)'

12.for broad side arra(,null#to#null bea&width is C d D

a)

Nd 2

Nd b) 2 2
C b D

2 c) Nd

d)

2 Nd

1'.null#to#null bea&width is a)less than 'dI bandwidth c) e6ual to 'Lb band width

a)

b)2\$

c) )\$

d) *\$

L )

1*.A three ele&ent bino&ial arra( has excitation level as, C d

a)1,),1

b)2,',2

c)1,',1

d)1,2,1

..the half power bea& width in ter&s of null#to#null bea& width is @3I%?

1 2

I%M4

7.desired power of side lobes is waste power in undesired direction. =.the directivit( gain is increases as the antenna length increases. 12.antenna radiates &axi&u& when it is at resonance. 11.if the radiation resistance is low ,antenna efficienc( is low. 12.the directional pattern of a short dipole in the horizontal plane is a circle 1'.the directional pattern of a horizontal half#wave centre fed dipole is figure of eight. 1).the directivit( in db of half#wave dipole is 2.1*. 1*.the directivit( in db of current ele&ent is 1.,). 1,.the units of radiation intensit( is watts/unit solid angle. 1..the current distribution in the alternating current ele&ent is constant. 17.for a '22J antenna operating with * A of current, the radiated power is .*22%. 1=.the current distributions in a half#wave dipole is sinusoidal 22.the far field is indicated b( the presence of 1/r ter& 21.induction field is indicated b( the presence of 888888 ter& 22.radiated resistance of the 6uarter wave &onopole is 8888888 2'. expression for the relationship between effective area and directivit( is 8888888888