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VN PHNG CNG NHN CHT LNG Bureau of Accreditation (BoA)

YU CU B SUNG CNG NHN CC PHNG TH NGHIM LNH VC HA Supplementary requirement for accreditation in the field of chemical testing
M s/Code: AGL 03 Ln ban hnh/Issue number: 04.12 Ngy ban hnh/ Issue date: 06/2012

Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

Ni dung Phn 1 Gii thiu Mc ch Phm vi Chun mc cng nhn Cu trc Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha T chc H thng qun l Hp ng ph th nghim Hnh ng phng nga Kim sot h s Nhn s Tin nghi v iu kin mi trng Phng php th v xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php Kim sot thit b, ha cht Lin kt chun o lng Ly mu Qun l mu m bo cht lng kt qu th nghim Bo co kt qu Chu k hiu chun, kim tra thit b thng thng Hng dn hiu chun mt s thit b

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Phn 2 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.12 4.13 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 Phn 3 Ph lc

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

Supplementary requirement for accreditation in the field of chemical testing


Content Section 1 Introduction Purpose Scope Accreditation criteria Structure Supplementary requirement for accreditation in the field of chemical testing Organization Management system Subcontracting of test Preventive action Control of record Personnel Accommodation and environmental conditions Test methods and method validation Equipment, Chemical Measurement traceability Sampling Handling of test items Assuring the quality of test and calibration results Reporting the results Calibration, checking interval for commonly used chemical testing equipment Guide to calibration equipment Page 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 28

Section 2 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.12 4.13 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 Section 3 Annex

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

PHN 1

GII THIU

SECTION 1 PURPOSE

INTRODUCTION

MC CH Tiu chun quc t ISO/IEC 17025 "Yu cu chung v nng lc ca phng th nghim v hiu chun" cp cc yu cu h thng qun l v cc yu cu k thut cho cc phng th nghim p dng. Cc yu cu trong tiu chun trn c xy dng p dng cho tt c cc lnh vc th nghim v hiu chun do vy Vn phng cng nhn cht lng xy dng thm cc ti liu b sung din gii cho tng lnh vc hiu chun hoc th nghim c th cng nh cho cc k thut th nghim, hiu chun. PHM VI P DNG

International Standard ISO/IEC 17025 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories included requirements of management system and technical for laboratories. These requirements are designed to apply to all types of testing and calibration and therefore BoA often need to be developed supplementary requirements to interpreted with respect to the type of calibration or testing concerned, and the techniques involved SCOPE

Ti liu ny cp cc yu cu chi tit v c th This document provides detailed and specified p dng cho cng nhn i vi cc phng th requirements to accreditation for Chemical testing laboratories. nghim (PTN) thuc lnh vc ho. Cc yu cu cng nhn cho cc PTN ho khng ph thuc vo qui m ca PTN, s lng cc php th nghim m PTN thc hin hoc s lng nhn vin. CHUN MC CNG NHN Requirement for Chemical testing laboratory is applicable to all of Chemical testing laboratories regardless of the organization size, the number of personnel or extent of the scope of testing ACCREDITATION CRITERIA

Chun mc cng nhn phng th nghim lnh Accreditation criteria for chemical testing vc ha bao gm: including: - ISO/IEC 17025 : 2005 - "Yu cu chung - ISO/IEC 17025 : 2005 - General v nng lc ca cc phng th nghim v requirements for the competence of hiu chun". testing and calibration laboratories - Yu cu b sung cng nhn cho phng - Supplementary requirements for th nghim lnh vc ho. accreditation in the field of Chemical testing - BoA policies concerning accreditation for - Cc chnh sch ca BoA lin quan cng laboratories nhn phng th nghim - Regulation concerning accreditation for - Cc vn bn php qui lin quan n hot chemical testing ng th nghim trong lnh vc ha. assessment Th tc cng nhn phng th nghim theo ti liu Accreditation laboratories is APL 01 APL 01 Ngoi ra cn c cc ti liu k thut h tr cc PTN lin quan ti cc lnh vc k thut c th. Mt s ti liu k thut c vin dn trong ti liu ny. Cc ti liu k thut nhm a ra cc hng dn do khng phi l cc yu cu
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procedure

for

Besides there are some technical documents to assist laboratory concerning specified technical. Technical documents have been reference in this document. Technical documents assist for laboratory so that it is not requirement for
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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

cng nhn tr khi chng c nu c th trong ti accreditation unless mention in this document. liu ny. CU TRC Ti liu ny c 3 phn chnh: Phn 1: Gii thiu STRUCTURE This document have 3 main section Section 1: Introduction for

Phn 2: Cc yu cu b sung cng nhn cho Section 2: Supplementary requirements accreditation in the field of chemical testing phng th nghim thuc lnh vc ha Phn 3: Chu k hiu chun thit b Ph lc 1: Hng dn hiu chun mt s thit b Cc yu cu trong phn 2 ca ti liu ny c trnh by theo th t ca cc yu cu trong tiu chun ISO/IEC 17025, c th c mt s yu cu trong tiu chun ISO/IEC 17025 s khng c yu cu b sung. Cc ni dung c k hiu iu mc trong du ngoc ( ) l yu cu bt buc cn cc ni dung c in ch nghing l cc hng dn, gii thch thm lm r ngha ca cc yu cu. PHN 2 YU CU B SUNG CNG NHN PTN LNH VC HA 4. CC YU CU QUN L Section 3: equipment Calibration interval for

testing

Annex 1: Guide to calibration equipment The requirements in section 2 have been presented base on section of requirement in the standard ISO/IEC 17025, there are some requirements in ISO/IEC 17025 does not have supplementary requirement. All content mention in mark ( ) are mandatory requirements and all content mention in italic are guidelines, interpretation for more clear of the requirement. SECTION 2 SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCREDITATION IN THE FIELD OF CHEMICAL TESTING 4. MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS

4.1. T chc (1)

4.1. Organization For laboratory staff who may also have production or marketing related responsibilities, clear policies shall be available to define how impartiality is assured for their testing responsibilities For laboratory conduct tests at sites away from its permanent facilities, or in mobile facilities shall have procedures to manage for those tests.

Nhn vin PTN c trch nhim lin quan n (1) hot ng sn xut hoc bn hng, qung co th phi c chnh sch r rng xc nh cch thc m bo tnh khch quan ca h i vi trch nhim th nghim. Trng hp PTN c thc hin th nghim (2) ti hin trng, ti PTN di ng phi c cc th tc m bo qun l cho hot ng th nghim .

(2)

4.2. H thng qun l (1)

4.2. Management system Management system document shall reference to signatory authorities, accredited scope and policy for using BoA logo.

Trong ti liu h thng qun l phi vin dn (1) ti ngi c thm quyn k c ph duyt, phm vi cng nhn v chnh sch s dng biu tng cng nhn ca BoA.

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

4.5. Hp ng ph v th nghim (1)

4.5

Subcontracting of tests and calibrations Laboratory shall conformity with clause 5.10.6 of ISO/IEC 17025:2005 the results of the subcontracted service are incorporated into the laboratorys test reports. Where laboratory use subcontractor for accredited tests shall use a competent subcontractor. Competent subcontractors are accredited laboratories by BoA or by one of BoAs mutual recognition partners. All of test results by accredited subcontractor shall be covered by an appropriate endorsed report.

PTN phi tun th yu cu 5.10.6 ca tiu (1) chun ISO/IEC 17025:2005 v cc yu cu bo co kt qu th nghim ca nh thu ph. Trng hp PTN s dng nh thu ph cho (2) cc php th ng k cng nhn th phi s dng nh thu ph c nng lc. Nh thu ph c nng lc phi l mt PTN c BoA cng nhn hoc mt phng th nghim c cng nhn bi mt t chc cng nhn tham gia tho c tha nhn ln nhau vi BoA. Tt c cc kt qu do nh thu ph thc hin phi c nu trong bo co th nghim ca PTN. Trng hp PTN s dng nh thu ph (3) thc hin mt phn php th nh s dng thit b th nghim th PTN cn nh gi v m bo thit b p ng yu cu ca phng php th v qui nh v kim sot thit b ca PTN. PTN phi nh k xem xt tnh trng (4) cng nhn ca nh thu ph.

(2)

(3)

Where laboratory use subcontractor for partial of test such as use equipment of laboratory shall evaluate and have evidence that equipment fitness requirement for test method and control equipment.

(4)

The accreditation status of subcontractors shall be regularly reviewed to ensure currency. Information on the accreditation status and scope of accreditation may be found at BoAs website www.boa.gov.vn or by contacting accredited laboratory. Laboratory may use unaccredited laboratory for tests that outside scope of the accredited laboratory.

Cc thng tin v tnh trng v phm vi cng nhn c th tm trn website www.boa.gov.vn hoc lin h vi t chc cng nhn. PTN c th s dng nh thu ph cha c cng nhn cho cc ch tiu th nghim m PTN khng ng k cng nhn. 4.12. Hnh ng phng nga Hnh ng phng nga l mt qu trnh ch ng xc nh c hi ci tin ch khng phi thc hin sa cha, khc phc nhng vn pht sinh hoc phn nn.

4.12. Preventive action Preventive action is a proactive process to identify improvement opportunities, rather than a reaction to the identification of problems or complaints.

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

(1)

Cc cng c qun l cht lng ton din (1) nh: phng cch tho lun theo nhm (brainstorming), s nguyn nhn v kt qu, biu kim sot, biu pareto ... cn c s dng h tr thc hin phng nga. Phng th nghim cng nn c cch thc khuyn khch v tip nhn cc ng gp kin ci tin ca nhn vin

Total quality management tools such as brainstorming, flowcharting, Fishbone diagram, Pareto chart etc shall be use to assist for preventive actions.

Laboratory should be given to providing staff with a formal mechanism for contributing suggestions for improvement. Control of records Unless otherwise prescribed by legislation or contractual obligation, retention times will not be less than three years. Technical records (test records) shall include the following: - The sample identification; - The test document identification; - Date of test (time start and finish); - The identity of reference standard and equipment use for the test; - Original test observations and calculations included data, sign that could traceability to test condition; - The identify of the person performing the test; - An indication that calculations and manual data transfers have been checked; - Any other information specified in the test method, other contractual documents or relevant statutory regulations. TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

4.13. Kim sot h s (1) Thi gian lu gi h s khng c di 3 (1) nm tr khi c giao c hp ng hoc quy nh php l.

(2) H s k thut (h s th nghim) cn bao (2) gm cc thng tin sau: - nhn dng mu; - xc nhn phng php th nghim; - thi gian th nghim (thi gian bt u, thi gian kt thc); - chun, thit b th nghim; - d liu quan trc gc, tnh ton kt qu bao gm c du hiu, d liu c th nhn bit, truy xut ti iu kin thc hin th nghim; - nhn vin thc hin th nghim; - bng chng v kim tra, xc nhn vic tnh ton v truyn d liu. - cc thng tin c th qui nh trong phng php th, cc vn bn hp ng hoc cc qui nh do php lut yu cu.

5.

CC YU CU K THUT

5.

5.2. Nhn s (1)

5.2. Personnel Technical manager who control technical any scope of tests shall have at least 2 years uninterrupted experiences on that scope. New staff shall be training to conduct tests
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Cn b kim sot k thut ca PTN phi c (1) t nht 2 nm kinh nghim lin tc trong lnh vc th nghim c phn cng kim sot. Nhn vin mi cn c o to thc hnh (2)
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(2)

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

th nghim t nht 3 thng v cn c h s th hin c kim tra vic thc hin th nghim t c chnh xc theo yu cu ca cc php th c th trc khi giao nhim v th nghim chnh thc. Cc cn b mi c giao nhim v th nghim c th cn c cn b gim st t nht l 1 nm. Kim tra vic thc hin th nghim c th p dng hnh thc th nghim lp li, ti lp, tham gia so snh lin phng, th nghim trn mu chun, mu thm chun

at least 3 months and shall have records that new staff have been conduct the tests and get accuracy base on requirement of test methods before assign to become official analyzer. New staff shall be supervising at least 1 year.

Laboratory may use method such as repeatabitability and reproducebility, participate Proficiency testing/ inter laboratory comparison, use certified reference material (CRM) or spike sample etc. Eyesight of analyzer to determine color may be getting difficult when conducts some tests. Determine color is one of the requirement that laboratory manager should consider when define suitable analyzer to do. (3) Any testing conducted away from the base laboratory (such as in field laboratories/permanent facilities, in a mobile or temporally laboratories) shall also be under adequate technical control. This would normally require either the location of an approved signatory at each facility Staff shall be announce, guide all of information concerning laboratory hygiene and safety.

Th lc ca nhn vin v nhn bit mu km c th gp kh khn trong khi thc hin mt vi php th. Nhn bit mu l mt trong nhng yu cu m qun l PTN nn cn nhc khi xc nh nhn vin thch hp thc hin php th. (3) Bt k th nghim no khng thc hin PTN chnh (nh th nghim hin trng, phng th nghim di ng, phng th nghim tm thi) cng phi c kim sot k thut y . PTN phi c ngi c thm quyn k kt qu th nghim mi a im th nghim. (4) (4) Nhn vin phi c thng bo, hng dn cc thng tin lin quan v cc vn v sinh an ton phng th nghim.

5.3. Accommodation and environmental conditions 5.3. Tin nghi v iu kin mi trng (1) Laboratory shall control environmental (1) PTN cn kim sot mi trng th nghim conditions to prevent sample contamination. m bo khng xy ra nhim bn mu. (2) Equipment area and chemical area shall be (2) Khu vc t thit b, ha cht cn m bo ensure that not effect together and ensure to khng b nh hng ln nhau v m bo an safe for laboratory. ton cho phng th nghim. (3) When testing in the field, testing sites must (3) Khi th nghim ti hin trng, v tr th be chosen to minimize the effects of
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nghim phi c la chn hn ch ti a nh hng ca cc iu kin mi trng v s nhim bn mu. (4) (4) Tt c cc iu kin mi trng nh hng kt qu th nghim phi c theo di v lu h s.

environmental contamination.

conditions

and

sample

All relevant environmental conditions that effect to test results shall be control and recorded.

5.4. Test methods and method validation

5.4 . Phng php th nghim v xc nhn gi tr s dng phng php (1) (1) Phng th nghim phi c v p dng cc th tc bng vn bn v vic la chn v xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php. Th tc bao gm chi tit cc bc tin hnh xc nhn gi tr s dng, cc phng php thng k c p dng tnh cc thng s nghin cu. H s xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php phi c lu gi v BoA s yu cu c xem xt trc hoc trong cc cuc nh gi. (2) (2) PTN p dng cc phng php th theo tiu chun quc gia, quc t, hip hi khoa hc c chp nhn rng ri trn th gii nh TCVN, ASTM, APHA, AOACcn c h s nh gi iu kin c bn - cc ngun lc theo yu cu ca phng php th v vic t c kt qu th nghim c chnh xc nh phng php yu cu hoc nh mong mun ca PTN. i vi cc phng php th ban hnh m khng c d liu v chnh xc th PTN phi xc nh d liu chnh xc ca php th da trn d liu nghin cu th nghim. Ton b cc phng php phi c chun mc loi b nhng kt qu nghi ng. (3) (3) Cc phng php th khng tiu chun nh Phng php do PTN xy dng (phng php th ni b), phng php theo hng dn ca nh sn xut thit b cn c lp thnh vn bn. Phng php th ni b cn Laboratory shall have fully documented procedures for choose and validation method. That procedure shall be covering detail of validation method step, statistical method use to define examine factors. Validation method records shall be kept and BoA will be check before or onsite assessment.

As well as methods published by Vietnam standard institute, international standard, prestige technical association such as TCVN, ASTM, APHA, AOAC ex. laboratory shall have record to verified that laboratory have enough capability to conduct the test and evidence to get all of accuracy factors that test method required or laboratory required. Methods published do not include accuracy data the laboratory shall determine its own accurate factors depend on verified data. All methods shall include criteria for rejecting suspect results.

Nonstandard method such as laboratory developed methods, equipment producer methodsshall be documented. Laboratory developed methods shall be mention clear materials/products have been test, performance parameters, criteria for

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xc nh r i tng th, ch tiu th, gii hn chp nhn ca kt qu, c lng khng m bo. (4) (4) PTN phi thc hin nghin cu v xc nhn gi tr s dng i vi phng php khng tiu chun hoc cc phng php c sa i, m rng phm vi so vi phng php tiu chun. PTN phi lu h s lin quan n qu trnh nghin cu, xc nhn gi tr s dng bao gm nh gi iu kin c bn - cc ngun lc thc hin phng php th v chnh xc ca phng php. (5) (5) PTN c th xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php bng cch s dng mu chun hay cht chun c chng nhn hoc so snh vi phng php tiu chun. Ty thuc mc v mc ch s dng phng php m PTN c th cn nhc la chn xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php theo cc thng s c cp di y: - Tnh chn lc/tnh c hiu; - Tnh tuyn tnh; - nhy; - chnh xc ( ng v chm); - Gii hn pht hin v gii hn nh lng; - Khong nng ; - Cc yu t nh hng; - khng m bo o; - Tnh lin kt chun. (6) (6) BoA c th cng nhn cc phng php th nhanh, phng php th theo b Kit ca nh cung cp khi PTN c h s v xc nhn tnh ng n phng php cho cc i tng th. PTN phi c kh nng khng nh phng php trong trng hp c tranh ci. (7) (7) PTN ng k cng nhn vi phm vi cng nhn khng hn hp (cc nhm cht cn phn tch, v d thuc tr su hp cht clo)
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rejecting suspect results, uncertainty of measurement. Laboratory shall validate method for all nonstandard method or modify method, extend scope of standard method. Laboratory shall be studies recorded validate method including evaluate laboratory capabilities to perform method and studies accuracy factors.

Method may be validated by using certified reference materials or comparison with other established methods. Depend on requirement and purpose of using method, laboratory could consider for choosing validate factors. The following parameters require consideration: Selectivity; Linearity of response; Sensitivity; Accuracy (trueness and precision); Limit of detection and limit quantitation; Range; Robustness/ruggedness; Measurement uncertainty; Traceability.

of

BoA accredits for quick tests, producers KIT tests, Laboratory shall recorded all of validate data for all materials/products and laboratory shall have capability to confirm method if get dispute.

A laboratory seeking accreditation for a more open scope of accreditation (where groups of analyses, for example, organ chlorine pesticides) shall have fully
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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

phi c y cc th tc c vn bn ha gm cc qui nh nh: vic la chn phng php, xy dng phng php, xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php, c cc chun chnh ph hp v c bng chng v hot ng o to nhn vin. H s cc th tc ny c xem xt nh mt phn ca mi cuc nh gi. (8) (8) PTN ng k cng nhn php th phm vi m nh thc phm cn thc hin xc nhn gi tr s dng trn t nht 5 nn mu i din cho bn cht ca mu thc phm (giu protein, bo, hydratcacbon, nc). Phng th nghim c th tham kho ISO 782 Hng dn trnh by phng php phn tch ha hc i vi cch trnh by cc phng php th 5.5. Kim sot thit b, ha cht Thit b (1) PTN thc hin hiu chun kim tra v bo tr thit b ni b cn c: - Phng php hiu chun, bo tr, kim tra c lp thnh vn bn; - Ton b d liu th hin vic thc hin cc hot ng hiu chun, kim tra, bo tr v ngi thc hin phi c lu h s; (2) (2) i vi PTN thc hin hiu chun ni b, khi cn thit BoA c th thc hin nh gi o lng v nh gi k thut m bo rng PTN tun th cc yu cu tng ng ca ISO/IEC 17025 cho phng hiu chun.

documented procedure, covering such elements as: method selection, method development, and method validation, acquisition of appropriate reference standards or reference materials and staff training. Records of the application of these procedures will be reviewed as part of each assessment. Laboratory want to conduct parameter with extend scope such as food shall validate method at least in 5 matrix representative for nature of food (high protein, oil, hydrate carbon, water). ISO 78-2 Chemistry layouts for standards Part 2: Method of chemical analysis also provides useful guidance. 5.5. Equipment, chemical Equipment (1) Laboratory conduct calibration, check and maintenance by its shelf shall: - Documented procedure for calibration, check and maintenance; - Keep record of full results (including raw data) for each calibration, check and maintenance;

BoA may conduct measurement audit and technical assessment for Laboratory that carry out in-house calibration to ensure the laboratory comply with requirement in ISO/IEC 17025 for calibration.

Chemical Ha cht (3) (3) PTN phi c th tc kim sot vic tip nhn, kim tra, s dng, bo qun v thanh l cc ha cht, thuc th.
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Laboratory shall documented procedure for control chemical including: receive, check, use, keep in good condition and liquidate.

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(4) (4) Nhn gc trn bao b ha cht, thuc th phi c th hin bng ngn ng m nhn vin c th c v hiu c v phi c thng tin v tiu chun k thut ca ha cht, thuc th nh: - Tn ha cht - Cc thnh phn v nng - Hn s dng - Cnh bo (nu c) (5) (5) Cc ha cht, thuc th hoc dung dch chun PTN pha ch cn c h s th hin vic thc hin pha ha cht, thuc th hoc dung dch chun. Trn mi chai ha cht, thuc th hoc dung dch chun pha ch cn c nhn vi ni dung sau: - Tn ha cht - Nng - Ngy pha - Ngi pha - Hn s dng - Cnh bo (nu cn thit)

Original label of chemical shall be expressed in language that staff could be read and understand and enough specific information of chemical such as:

Name of chemical; Component and concentration; Expiry date; Warning (if any) ...

Laboratory preparing chemical, solution or stock solution shall keep records of preparing chemical, solution or stock solution process. In chemical, solution or stock solution bottles shall have label included information as: - Name; - Concentration; - Date prepare; - Name of person prepare; - Expiry date; - Warning (if any).

5.6. Measurement traceability (1) Test equipment that has a significant effect on the reported result (including, where relevant, instruments used for monitoring critical environmental conditions) shall be c calibrated by organization base on requirement of BoA mention in Traceability measurement APL 02. When the laboratory undertakes calibration of equipment using certified reference material of reference materials developed through comparison with certified reference materials it shall be able to demonstrate that it has: - Sufficient reference materials to calibrate the relevant items of equipment over the desired measurement ranges; - Full records of the identity and source of
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5.6. Lin kt chun o lng (1) Cc thit b th nghim v hiu chun c nh hng ng k n kt qu th nghim (k c cc thit b s dng kim sot iu kin mi trng c tc ng quan trng, nu cn) phi c hiu chun bi cc t chc hiu chun theo qui nh Chnh sch v lin kt chun APL 02 ca BoA. (2) (2) Thit b c hiu chun bng cch s dng cc cht chun, cht chun c chng nhn hoc cc cht chun pha ch thng qua vic so snh vi nhng cht chun gc th phi m bo: - Cc cht chun kh nng hiu chun nhng hng mc lin quan ca thit b trn nhng phm vi o m thit b
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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing

c yu cu; - C h s nhn dng v ngun gc mi cht chun; - C y cc vn bn v nhng gi tr qui chiu c xc nh (v khng m bo o lin quan) ca mi cht chun bao gm cc chi tit v tnh hiu lc; - C thc hin phng nga cn thit bit c s khc nhau gia dng mu ca cht chun vi dng mu th nghim thc t ti phng th nghim, hoc xc nh v tnh ton nhng nh hng ca cc dng mu th. (3) (3) Cht chun phi c cc thng tin sau: - c tnh ( khng m bo o, nu l cht chun chng nhn); - K thut xc nh cc c tnh; - Thi hn chng nhn c hiu lc (nu thch hp); - Thi hn s dng ca cht chun; - Cc iu kin lu gi; - Ngy m cht chun s dng ln u.

each reference material; - Full document of the assigned property values (and associated measurement uncertainty) of each reference material including details of the mode of validation; - Taken any necessary precautions to match the matrices of the reference materials to those encountered in the laboratorys test samples, or determined and accounted for the effects of any nonmatching of matrices.

Reference materials shall be obtained at least the following information: - Property values (and associated uncertainties, if a certified reference material); - Technique(s) by which the property values were established; - Date of certification; - Period for which certification if valid; - Storage conditions. - Open dated ISO Guide 31 contains more detail on the content ISO Guide 31 c cc qui nh chi tit v ni of certificates for reference materials. dung chng ch cc cht chun. 5.6. Sampling 5.7. Ly mu Scope of International standard ISO/IEC 17025 includes sampling activities. Tiu chun ISO/IEC 17025 p dng cho Sampling activities of laboratories are PTN bao gm c hot ng ly mu. Hot difference. Sampling activities may demand ng ly mu ca cc PTN rt khc nhau. a different part of the laboratory Hot ng ny c th c cc b phn organization or an independent khc trong cng t chc vi PTN thc hin organization. BoA encourages laboratory to hoc mt t chc hon ton c lp thc seek accreditation for sampling activities. hin. BoA khuyn khch PTN ng k cng nhn c hot ng ly mu. Laboratory may introduce or training for organization or sampling officer to sampling Trng hp PTN khng thc hin ly mu and keep in good condition for sample for c th hng dn cho n v, ngi ly mu ensuring the effectiveness of sampling v cch thc ly mu v bo qun mu activities. m bo tnh hiu qu ca hot ng th nghim (1) When the laboratory has no control over
AGL 03 Ln ban hnh: 4.12 Trang: 12/34

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(1)

Nu PTN khng thc hin ly mu th bo co kt qu th nghim cn ghi r kt qu ch ng vi mu th. H s tip nhn mu cn ghi r cc thng tin lin quan n mu th nh: loi mu, ngy tip nhn, tnh trng mu, lng mu, iu kin bo qun (nu c). Nu hot ng ly mu do b phn khc thc hin nhng bo co kt qu th nghim c tuyn b p dng cho c sn phm, l hng th PTN phi b tr BoA tin hnh nh gi hot ng ng ly mu bao gm: - Th tc ly mu c lp thnh vn bn (c th l cc tiu chun quc gia hoc quc t). Nu s dng cc phng php ni b th cn xc nhn gi tr s dng ca phng php m bo vic ly mu p ng c mc ch ra. - Bo co kt qu th nghim phi vin dn n phng php ly mu

sampling the test results report shall mention results only for received sample. The sample receiving record shall mention detail following information concerning sample: sample type, date of receipt, condition of receipt, sample volume, maintaining condition (if any). (2) Where sampling activities conducted by other part of laboratory but test report has been stated that the test results for product lot/batch, the assessment of sampling activities shall be included as an element of the laboratory assessment as: - The laboratory shall have documented sampling procedures (may be national or international standards). If in house methods are used, their validity for the intended purpose shall be demonstrated by appropriate data. - The sampling procedure shall be cited on the test report. 5.8 Handling of test items Sample container shall be comply with requirement of sampling procedures or test procedures and may be necessary to test container to ensure not effect to sample (leak-proof, hydrophilic, contamination ex. During transport and storage). Any temperature or other environmental tolerances specified in the method shall be cited in sampling record.

(2)

5.8. Qun l mu th nghim (1)

Cc dng c cha mu phi ph hp yu cu (1) ca phng php ly mu hoc phng php th v phi kim tra v m bo khng nh hng n cht lng mu th (khng b r r, khng thm nc, bin cht hoc nhim bntrong qu trnh vn chuyn v lu gi). Nu phng php ly mu v/hoc phng php th yu cu iu kin bo qun mu cn c m bo th phi ghi r iu kin bo qun vo h s ly mu. Vic nhn dng cc nhn mc phi m bo (2) r rng, khng h hng, c nhn din trong sut qu trnh th nghim v d c. Khng chp nhn vic dn nhn mc ch trn np.

(2)

Identification labels shall be secure, legible and identify during conducting test. Labeling on caps or lids alone is not acceptable.

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(3)

Nhn vin phng th nghim phi kim tra trng thi ca mu khi tip nhn. Nu trng thi khng m bo hoc nu mu khng nhng khch hng vn yu cu th nghim m PTN ng cn ghi r tnh trng mu vo h s tip nhn v c xc nhn ca khch hng.

(3) Laboratory staff shall check condition of sample when received. When sample condition does not ensure or not enough volume against method, this fact shall be acknowledged on reports and client shall confirmed by writing on the record.

(4)

Ngoi tr cc trng hp c bit PTN phi (4) lu gi cc mu th nghim cho n khi c c tt c cc kt qu, hoc lu gi lu hn nu cn thit. Mu lu phi c bao gi trong vt ng thch hp v lu gi iu kin bo qun ca mu th.

Except special case, laboratory shall keep sample at least until get test results or longer if any. Sample shall be kept in suitable container and condition.

5.9. m bo cht lng kt qu th nghim (1)

5.9. Assuring the quality of test results Laboratory wishing to maintain accreditation for tests performed less frequently shall have a documented procedure to describe how they assure the results generated by infrequently performed tests and at least performed tests 4 times per year. Laboratory shall perform assuring the quality of test results with suitable frequency depend on method, perform test frequency and technique to do the tests but at least once per year for all accredited tests. Quality control data shall be fully documented and ready to show when assessment. Quality control data shall be fully documented in such a way that they are readily accessible for evaluation of trends in analysis, and these trends shall be monitored with appropriate action being taken when necessary (example: control chart). The program for monitoring the reliability of test results shall include: natural and

PTN phi c th tc kim sot cht lng (1) cc php th nghim khng thc hin thng xuyn v nu r cch thc m bo kt qu th nghim nu mun c cng nhn hoc duy tr cng nhn nhng phi m bo tn sut thc hin kim sot t nht 4 ln/nm. PTN phi thc hin kim sot cht lng kt (2) qu th nghim thng xuyn vi tn sut ty thuc vo phng php th, tn sut v k thut th nghim nhng phi m bo t nht 1 nm/ln cho tt c cc ch tiu c cng nhn. H s thc hin vic kim sot ny phi c lu y v sn sng trnh by trong qu trnh nh gi. Cc d liu kim sot cht lng kt qu th (3) nghim cn c lu h s sao cho c th nh gi xu hng ca cc kt qu v thc hin bin php thch hp kp thi (v d: biu kim sot cht lng/control chart).

(2)

(3)

(4)

Chng trnh kim sot mc tin cy ca (4) kt qu th nghim phi bao gm cc ni

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dung: i tng th, hnh thc thc hin, ngi thc hin, ngi nh gi kt qu. PTN phi c cc tiu ch nh gi kt qu. (5) PTN la chn nh cung cp chng trnh th (5) nghim thnh tho/ so snh lin phng (PT) v tham gia nh k theo qui nh trong th tc th nghim thnh tho/so snh lin phng APL 03. Nu PTN tham gia PT cho cc php th (6) c cng nhn m kt qu khng t th phi thc hin hnh ng khc phc v np bo co hnh ng khc phc, bng chng ti BoA. Trng hp bo co hnh ng khc phc ca PTN khng c BoA chp nhn th BoA s tin hnh nh gi b sung hoc tm thi nh ch cng nhn cho cc php th PTN phi tham gia cc chng trnh th (7) nghim thnh tho/ so snh lin phng do BoA t chc nu ph hp vi phm vi m PTN c cng nhn. Trng hp chng trnh th nghim thnh tho/so snh lin phng nm ngoi phm vi m PTN c cng nhn nhng nu ph hp vi nng lc ca PTN th PTN c th ng k tham gia . 5.10. Bo co kt qu (1)

range of the tests, method, testing staff, evaluate results staff. Laboratory shall have criteria for accept or rejecting suspect results. Laboratory shall selection PT provider and participate regularly base on requirement of APL 03 PT procedure of BoA.

(6)

Laboratory shall take corrective action when have outliers results for accredited tests after participated PT program. The corrective action report and evidence shall be sent to BoA. BoA may conduct assessment (follow up visit) or suspend accreditation of that tests if does not accept the evidence of corrective action.

(7)

Accredited laboratories shall participate PT programs concerning to accredited scope, which program is organized and carried out by BoA or BoA is contact point. When PT program outside of laboratory accredited scope but corresponding with laboratory capability, laboratory could register to participate.

5.10. Reporting the results Accredited laboratory shall use BoA logo to reports for accredited tests. Laboratory shall comply with Guidance for use of accreditation logo and symbol of BoA. Test report shall be examined by BoA approved signatory.

PTN c cng nhn phi s dng logo ca (1) BoA trong bo co kt qu th nghim thuc phm vi c cng nhn. Vic s dng logo ca BoA phi tun th qui nh v s dng du ca BoA. Bin bn th nghim phi c xc nhn bi (2) nhng ngi c thm quyn k c BoA tha nhn.

(2)

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(3)

Trong bo co th nghim nu c cc php th cha c cng nhn th PTN phi ch thch vo bo co xc nh r php th cha c cng nhn. PTN c th ch thch: cc php th nh du * l cc php th cha c cng nhn.

(3) Where results of tests not covered by the scope of accreditation are included on test reports, laboratory shall have notation which tests are out of accredited scope. Laboratory may notation: tests have been defined by * are not including in accredited scope. Tests report may have results of subcontractored work from an accredited laboratory shall define the test results and name of sub-contractor.

(4)

Trong bo co th nghim nu c cc php (4) th ca mt PTN c cng nhn khc (nh thu ph) th cn ch r ch tiu no c thc hin bi nh thu ph, tn nh thu ph. Nu kt qu th nghim nm phm vi gn (5) gii hn ph hp hay khng ph hp theo qui nh k thut ca sn phm, i tng th cn tnh khng m bo o v PTN phi bo co khng m bo o cng kt qu th nghim.

(5)

If the results of a test fall into the range where neither compliance nor noncompliance can be proved, taking into account the estimated uncertainty of the measurement, then the result and its associated measurement uncertainty shall be reported.

PHN 3
AGL 03

CHU K HIU CHUN, KIM PART 3


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CALIBRATION

AND

CHECK

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TRA THIT B THNG THNG

INTERVALS OF GENERAL EQUIPMENTS

Ni dung phn 3 ny nu chi tit cc yu cu hiu The content of part 3 shows detailed requirements chun v kim tra thit b thng thng s dng for calibration and check intervals of general trong cc PTN lnh vc Ha. instruments/equipments that used in chemical testing laboratory. Bng chu k hiu chun v kim tra thng thng cho cc thit b lnh vc th nghim ha c nu trong phn 3 ca ti liu ny. Cc chu k nu trong bng l chu k ln nht cho mi thit b da vo: - Thit b cht lng tt, kh nng hot ng n nh, c lp t v tr thch hp v s dng hp l; - Nhn vin am hiu, thnh tho thc hin nhng kim tra thit b ni b; - Tt c cc hot ng kim tra khng nh thit b hot ng tt. PTN phi rt ngn khong thi gian gia cc ln hiu chun v/ hoc kim tra khi thit b hot ng trong iu kin t l tng hn. Nu c bt k nghi ng no v s h hng ca thit b th PTN cn thc hin hiu chun li ngay lp tc v sau gim chu k cho ti khi thy rng thit b t c n nh. Gim khong thi gian gia cc ln hiu chun v/ hoc kim tra cng c th c yu cu trong cc ng dng th nghim c th hoc vi cc cu hnh thit b c th. PTN c th ko di chu k hiu chun da trn cc thng s nh theo di d liu hiu chun, kim tra chng minh s n nh ca thit b, tn sut s dng, chnh xc yu cu hoc PTN c nhn vin nng lc tin hnh kim tra ni b hoc tham gia t kt qu tt trong cc chng trnh th nghim thnh tho. The table includes the information on calibration and check intervals for general equipment of chemical testing laboratory was showed in part 3 of this document. The intervals are maximum intervals for each ones and are based on: - Good quality, stable operation ability, installation at suitable location and reasonableness utilization of equipments; - Understanding and proficiency staffs to check themselves equipments; - All of checks were carried out to confirm the good operation ability of equipments. Shorter intervals between calibrations and/or checks may be required when the equipment operates under less than ideal conditions. If any suspicion of damage arises, the equipment must be recalibrated immediately and thereafter at reduced intervals until it is shown that stability has not been impaired. Furthermore, reduced intervals between calibrations and/or checks may also be required in particular testing applications or with particular equipment configurations. Longer intervals between calibrations could be based on parameters such as calibration and check data to prove stability, frequency of use, accuracy required of equipments or expertise ability of staff to perform in-house checks or successful participation in proficiency testing programs.

The laboratory can calibrate equipment PTN c th gim chi ph hiu chun bng cch themselves in order to reduce of calibration fee. trin khai hot ng hiu chun ni b.

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Equipment calibration and checking program shall Vic hiu chun thit b PTN v cc chng trnh cover: kim tra phi gm c: - handover of new equipment (including - bn giao cc thit b mi (gm: hiu initial calibration and checks after chun ban u v kim tra sau khi lp installation); t); - operational checking (checking during - kim tra hot ng (kim tra trong khi s use with reference items or materials); dng vi cc chun chnh v cht chun); - periodic checking (interim but more - kim tra nh k (kim tra gia k nhng extensive checking, possibly including tng i ton din, c th bao gm hiu partial calibration); chun mt phn thit b) - scheduled maintenance by in-house or - bo dng theo k hoch ni b hoc ca specialist contractors; nh cung cp c chuyn mn; - Complete recalibration. - ti hiu chun li ton b CHU K HIU CHUN, KIM TRA THIT B TH NGHIM THNG THNG Cc yu cu di y v chu k ti a PTN c th la chn thc hin hiu chun v kim tra cc thit b th nghim thng thng trong PTN. Cc khong thi gian c a ra cho tng loi thit b l khong thi gian ti a v ph thuc vo yu cu v chnh xc v cch s dng cc thit b. Thng thng vic hiu chun c thc hin bi cc phng hiu chun c nng lc v theo qui nh ca c quan cng nhn (BoA). PTN sau khi nhn giy hiu chun s tin hnh nh gi thit b c ph hp vi mc ch s dng ti PTN. Nu phng th nghim mun t thc hin cc php hiu chun thi phi chng minh rng phng c nng lc thc hin cng vic ny theo nh quy nh iu 5.6.2.1 ca ISO/IEC 17025. CALIBRATION AND CHECK INTERVALS FOR GENERAL EQUIPMENTS The requirements described below are maximum intervals that laboratories can select for calibration and check of general equipments. The intervals are maximum intervals for each ones and are based on accuracy and equipment use purpose.

Usually calibration has been conducted by capabilities laboratory base on requirement of BoA. Laboratory shall evaluate the calibration results when received calibration certificate to ensure the calibration results fitness purposes. When laboratory would like to conduct calibration themselves, they shall demonstrate that laboratory have enough capabilities to perform conformity with requirement of 5.6.2.1 of ISO/IEC 17025.

Cc php kim tra thng c cc k thut vin Checking equipment should be performing by ca phng th nghim thc hin hoc cc n v technician or services organization. cung cp dch v cho PTN.

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

CN BALANCES

3 (vi iu kin kim tra nh k nghim ngt theo qui nh ct bn) 3 (shall conduct check period as next column) Hng ngy Daily

Hiu chun c thc hin bi phng hiu chun theo qui nh APL 02 BoA hoc PTN t hiu chun nhng phi p ng cc yu cu ca mt phng hiu chun theo ISO/IEC 17025 cho hot ng hiu chun cn. Conducted by accredited laboratory against APL 02-BoA or inhouse calibrate if comformity with requirement of ISO/IEC 17025 for calibration. Kim tra hng ngy c th bng mt trong cc cch:

Kim tra lp li. Kim tra 1 im thng s dng. Repeatability check One point check

Daily check should choose one way as:

Kim tra nh k cho 1 di o thng s dng One range check

Kim tra nh k cc di o All range check

Hng ngy Daily

Kim tra hng ngy c th bng mt trong cc cch:

Kim tra lp li. Kim tra 1 im thng s dng. Repeatability check One point check

Daily check should choose one way as:

Kim tra nh k cc di o All range check

QU CN/ MASSES Chun - Ton b bng thp khng g hoc hp kim Ni-Cr Reference - of integral stainless steel or nickel chromium alloy Cng tc - thp khng g hoc hp kim Ni-Cr Working - stainless steel or nickel chromium alloy Cng tc hp kim khc Working - other alloy DNG C THY TINH/ GLASSWARE 1 3 sau l /then 6 Hiu chun c thc hin bi phng hiu chun theo qui nh APL 02 BoA hoc PTN t hiu chun nhng phi p ng cc yu cu ca mt phng hiu chun theo ISO/IEC 17025 cho hot ng hiu chun cn Conducted by accredited laboratory against APL 02-BoA or inhouse calibrate if comformity with requirement of ISO/IEC 17025 for calibration.

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

Pipet, buret, bnh nh mc Pipetters, burettes, volumetric flasks

Ban u (tu thuc mc ch s dng) Initial ( subject to nature of intended use) 12

Dng c thu tinh cp A cn c s dng khi th nghim yu cu mc chnh xc cao Kim tra chm, ng mc dung tch thng dng bng cn phn tch thch hp (kim tra i din cho tng l/chng loi) Grade A glassware distillation receivers should be used where a high degree of accuracy is required. Check precision and accuracy of volume delivered at settings in use by suitable balance (check represent for batch/type) Dng c thu tinh cp A cn c s dng khi th nghim yu cu mc chnh xc cao Kim tra chm, ng mc dung tch thng dng bng cn phn tch thch hp. Grade A glassware distillation receivers should be used where a high degree of accuracy is required. Check precision and accuracy of volume delivered at settings in use by suitable balance (check represent for batch/type)

Buret, pipet t ng dng pit tng piston operated including: pipetter, dispensers, diluters, displacement burettes

Ban u (tu thuc mc ch s dng) Initial ( subject to nature of intended use) 6

NHIT K/ THERMOMETERS Chun u, in tr Platin Refefence, platunum resistance -400C n/to 2500C <-400C v/and >2500C 5 2 6 trc khi s dng Before use Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point Kim tra in tr ti im bng Check resistance at ice point

Chun cng tc, in tr Platin Refefence, platunum resistance -400C n/to 2500C <-400C v/and >2500C Chun u, nhit k thy tinh Reference, lidquid-inglass (where kept as a reference) Chun cng tc, nhit k thy tinh Reference, lidquid-inglass (where kept as a reference) AGL 03 5 2 10 6 6 trc khi s dng Before use Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point Kim tra in tr ti im bng Check resistance at ice point Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point

Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point or against a reference thermometer at 1 point in range.

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

Cu o nhit AC - chun u v cng tc AC temperature bridge reference and working Cu o nhit DC Measurement instrument DC bridge type

1 (chun u/ reference) 2 (cng tc/ Working) 1 6 Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point

Chun u - H thng ch th nhit c hoc khng c u d nhit, dng cm tay, bn, t ghi, mt hoc nhiu knh Hand-held, bench type and temperature loggers Cng tc - H thng ch th nhit c hoc khng c u d nhit, dng cm tay, bn, t ghi, mt hoc nhiu knh Hand-held, bench type and temperature loggers

Hiu chun phi thc hin 1 nm/ln nu khng c chun u Calibrate every 12 months if the facility does not have a reference device Kim tra so vi chun nhit s dng. Trng hp s dng nhiu hn 1 im nhit th chn im yu cu kht khe nht. Kim tra im bng nu khng c chun u (dng t ghi khng s dng mt nhit k t ghi khc cng loi khim tra) Check against a reference device at the temperature of use. If used at more than one temperature, choose the most critical temperature. Check at ice point if the facility does not have a reference device. (For data loggers the reference device cannot be another data logger of the same type). Kim tra ti im bng Check at ice point

Hng ngoi Infra - red L NUNG FURNACES

1 Ban u Initial

3 12

Kim tra nhit vi u d nhit thch hp Monitor temperature with appropriate sensor Kim tra lp li, chnh lch nhit gia cc khu vc trong t Check temperature variation within the working zone IEC 60068-1,IEC 60068-2-38,IEC 60068-2-39 Kim tra ti im nhit s dng Check at working temperature

T MI TRNG ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONING CHAMBERS

Khi s dng On use

THIT B CN KIM SOT NHIT / TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED ENCLOSURES AGL 03 Ln ban hnh: 4.12 Trang: 21/34

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

T lo ha Ageing T BOD BOD

5 1

Hng ngy Daily khi s dng On use

Kim sot nhit bng du d thch hp Monitor temperature with appropriate sensor Kim tra nhit lc bt u, nhit ti a v ti thiu ca t phi c kim sot trong qu trnh th nghim. Check the temperature at the start of the test. The maximum and minimum temperature of the laden chamber must be monitored for the test period.

T sy Drying

Ban u Initial khi s dng On use 12 Kim sot nhit bng du d thch hp Monitor temperature with appropriate sensor Kim tra lp li, chnh lch nhit gia cc khu vc trong t Check temperature variation within the working zone Khi nhit t lnh cn c kim sot th thc hin kim sot nhit qui nh bng nhit k (u d nhit hoc nhit k thy tinh) Where critical, the temperature of the working space must be monitored by an appropriate temperature sensor throughout use. Kim tra lp li, chnh lch nhit v p sut gia cc khu vc trong t Check temperature variation and pressure in the working space.

T lnh Refrigerators

Hng ngy Daily

T sy chn khng Vaccum

12

CP NHIT IN/ PYROMETER chun u Reference in t electronic cng tc working NHT K/ VISCOMETERS ng xi phng (ng hnh ch U) U tube Chun Reference ban u, 10 Initial then 120 ban u 2 Initial then 24 S dng nht chun ASTM 2162 Against reference oils. S dng nht m bo cht lng so vi chun hoc s dng nht chun ASTM 2162/D445; IP 71 Using quality oils against reference tubes or using 3 1 6 kim tra bng chun u Check against reference pyrometer BS 1041 phn 5. Hiu chun bi c quan c thm quyn Calibration by an approved testing authority

Cng tc Working

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

reference oils Cc loi khc Other Brookfield ban u Initial 24 1 Ferranti ban u Initial 3 Zahn ban u Initial 12 T TRNG K / HYDROMETERS Chun Reference Loi thy tinh - Cng tc Working - glass 5 12 Kim tra so vi t trng k chun hoc chun b mi dung dch bit t trng ASTM-E126 Check against reference hydrometer or in newly prepared solutions of known density. ISO 649.1,.2, ISO 650 Kim tra trt ca thc Check that scale has not slipped ASTM D 4052 or ASTM D5002 S dng nht chun Against reference oils. S dng nht m bo cht lng (v d: ca nh sn xut) Against quality (i.e. manufacturers) oils. S dng nht chun Against reference oils. S dng nht chun Against reference oils.

Loi kim loi - Cng tc Working - metal

6 Khi s dng On use . Ban u Khi nhit th nghim thay i hoc sau khi lau cell Initial and whenever test temperature is changed or cell cleaned Hng ngy Daily Hng tun Weekly

THIT B T TRNG/ DENSITY METERS

S dng vt liu tinh khit bit t trng v n nh With pure substance of known density and stability Khng kh hoc nc ct 2 ln Air and double-distilled water

M K/ HYGROMETER m k Assmann & Sling Assmann & Sling psychrometers 10 6 So snh vi cp nhit in ti nhit phng vi bc kh Compare thermometers at room temperature with wick dry.

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

m k t ghi Thermohygrographs Nhit-m k loi in t Electronic types KH P K/ BAROMETER Fortin ban u Initial then 1 1

Hng tun Weekly

Kim tra vi m k c hiu chun thch hp Check against a calibrated psychrometer, if capacitance type So vi m k chun Check against a calibrated thermometer at ambient temperature.

60

Kim tra ti 1 im One point check with transfer instrument.

Aneroid P K/ MANOMETERS Chun, chun cng tc (dung dch thu ngn) Reference and Working, liquid (Mercury based) Chun, chun cng tc (dung dch khc) Reference and Working, liquid (other than Mercury) in t Electronic

10

36

Kim tra sch ca du Check the cleanliness of the fluid

18

Kim tra sch ca du Check the cleanliness of the fluid

THIT B O P SUT/ PRESSURE EQUIPMENT Cc p k kim tra hiu chun p k cng nghip Test gauges used for calibration of industrial gauses Cc p k cng nghip khng ph thuc ti trng va p Industrial gauges not subject to shock loading Cc p k cng nghip ph thuc ti trng va p Industrial gauges subject to shock loading Cc b chuyn i p sut Pressure transducers Cc b hiu chun Calibrators 1

6 month

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

MY LY TM CENTRIFUGES

Trng hp khi s dng c yu cu k thut v tc S dng my o tc kim tra Tachometer (mechanical stroboscope or light cell type, or by other approved means) where operating speed is specified. Kim tra ng knh ng Check throat diameter.

U THI KH AIR FLOW NOZZLES THC CP/ CALLIPERS

ban u Initial 2

12

THC DY, THC/ TAPE MEASURES, RULES Thc dy Tape measures Ban u 24 n/to 60 BS 4035 Kim tra chiu di ti a, ph thuc vo yu cu s dng v chnh xc Check at maximum length, depending on use and accuracy required BS 4372

Thc thp/Steel rules

Ban u

CC THIT B O IN/ ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENT ng h vn nng ch th s Digital multimeters ng h o vn nng dng Analog Analog meters Data loggers 1 6 So snh vi cc ng h c di o thng thng Calibrate over all ranges and parameters of use. Calibration must include linearity. Compare with meters of similar resolution So snh vi cc ng h c di o thng thng Calibrate over all ranges and parameters of use. Calibration must include linearity. Compare with meters of similar resolution Kim tra im 0 v im cc i Check at zero and the maximum point.

O LU LNG / FLOWMETERS Lu lng k kiu phao (chun u) Rotameters (Reference) Tc cao > 1 L/pht High flow > 1 L/min Tc chm < 1 L/pht Low flow < 1 L/min Lu lng k kiu phao (chun cng tc) Rotameters (Working) Lu lng k kiu ng Orifice plates ban u Initial 6

24

ASTM D 3195 ng h lu lng kiu bng x phng Soap bubble flow meter or any type of reference flowmeter

mi ln s dng Each time on use

ng h lu lng kiu bng x phng Soap bubble flow meter or any type of reference flowmeter

BS 1042 phn 1 hiu chun bi c quan c thm quyn Calibration by an approved testing authority. Kim tra bng ngoi quan xem c b nt, mng i, bn Visual inspection for damage, wear or contamination

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Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

ng h nc Wet test meters ng h lu lng Electronic soap film like

24 1 3 thng nu kt qu trong phm vi 3 % v thi hn c th n 6 thng Monthly for 3 months then, if measurements are within 3% of the expected result, the interval can be lengthened to 6 months. 5 1

ASTM D 1071 Theo dng h lu lng chun th cc di s dng Against primary flow meter over the range of use (including high flow rates where used).

VI K MICROMETERS

Kim tra im 0 v 1 im trong di o thng dng Check zero and one point against gauge block. Inspect anvils. Kim tra bng bromonaphthalene hoc cht chun khc bit trc cc ch s khc x Check against bromonaphthalene or other reference compound of known refractive index. Kim tra bng nc ct Check by distil water Compliance certificate to AS 1152, BS 410.

MY O KHC X REFRACTOMETERS

khi s dng Each time on use SNG/ SIEVES Ban u Initial 12

Ph thuc vo yu cu v chnh xc, tn sut kim tra t hay nhiu c th ph thuc vo cc b chun hoc cc vt liu chun ph hp. Depending on the accuracy required, more or less frequent checks may be required against a reference set or a suitable reference material. Kim tra ngoi quan vt mi mn v lin kt Visual check for wear and binding.

Khi s dng Each time on use MY O IN TH/ POTENTIOMETERS Chun u/ Reference 5

BS 1041 phn 5. Hiu chun bi c quan c thm quyn Calibration by an approved testing authority 12 kim tra bng chun u

Chun cng tc/ working

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Yu cu b sung cng nhn cc phng th nghim lnh vc Ha Supplementary requirements for accreditation in the field of Chemical testing Thit b
Equipment

Chu k hiu chun (nm)


Calibration period (year)

Chu k kim tra (thng)


Check period (month)

Phng php v khuyn ngh


Method and recommendation

NG H O THI GIAN TIMING DEVICES CC THIT B HA L: AAS, GC, HPLC, ICP PHYSIOCHEMISTRY EQUIMENT: AAS, GC, HPLC, ICP Ban u Initial

Kim tra so vi ng h truyn thi gian ca Vin o lng Vit Nam qua internet. Test accurally against a speaking clock. Two measurements separated by an appropriate interval. Hiu chun ban u bng mu chun c chng nhn (Certified Reference Material - CRM) c th tham kho theo qui nh ca nh sn xut thit b, phng php th. Calibration by Certified Reference Material CRM against test method or equipment manufacturer requirements Hiu chun bng mu chun (Reference Material - RM) c th tham kho theo qui nh ca nh sn xut thit b, phng php th. Calibration by Reference Material RM against test method or equipment manufacturer requirements

nh k (theo qui nh phng php th, nh sn xut thit b) periodic (against test method, equipment manufacturer) Trc khi s dng (theo qui nh phng php th, nh sn xut thit b) Each time on use (against test method, equipment manufacturer) nh k (theo qui nh phng php th, nh sn xut thit b) periodic (against test method, equipment manufacturer)

Theo qui nh ca nh sn xut thit b v/hoc phng php th. Against test requirements method or equipment manufacturer

Bo tr/kim tra ton b h thng theo qui nh ca nh sn xut. Maintenance system/ check system against manufacturer requirements

PH LC: HNG DN HIU CHUN MT S THIT B

ANNEX: GUIDE TO CALIBRATION OF EQUIPMENT

Cc hng mc c th ca mt s thit b c kit Some specific equipment below with guide to ink di y cng vi hng dn hiu chun house calibration, maintenance.

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ni b, vn hnh v bo dng. NHIT LNG K CALORIMETERS

Xc nh ng lng nc bng axt benzoic Determine water equivalents using certified theo chu k 6 thng. benzoic acid at six monthly intervals. THIT B O DN CONDUCTIVITY METERS

o dn ti mt im kim tra ang s dng v Conduct a one-point check on use and check the kim tra ton b thang chia mi nm. Theo ASTM complete scale each year. Reference to ASTM D 1125 hoc theo hng dn s dng ca nh sn D1125 or manufacturer guidelines. xut. THIT B O LNG OXI HA TAN DISSOLVED OXYGEN METERS

o dn ti im 0 v mt im ang s dng On use, conduct a zero check and a one-point bng mt trong cc phng php sau: check by one of the following check procedures: - Kim tra vi nc bo ho - Kim tra vi nc bo ha xi - Kim tra vi chun Winkler Kim tra im 0 c th thc hin bng cch o DO ca dung dch chun b sn bng cch cn 1g sunphit natri v mt cht tinh th clorit coban trong 1 lt nc. Thc hin o hiu chun s c DO v phi m bo khng ln hn 0,2 mg/L. - Check against water saturated air; - Check against oxygen saturated water - Check against the value obtained by the Winkler titration. A zero check can be carried out by measuring the dissolved oxygen (DO) for a prepared solution containing 1g sodium sulfite and a few crystals of cobalt chloride in 1 L of water. If the meter is properly calibrated the DO reading should be less than 0,2 mg/L. pH METERS Calibrate the pH before using at least two buffer solutions suitable with measure range. One per six months using three buffer solutions. Records must be kept of all calibrations and checks, including the temperature of all buffer and sample solutions measured. Method 4500-H+; BS 1647, and references therein. The electrode system should be check weekly or more. References to recommended by the instrument manufacturer. TURBIDIMETERS

THIT B O pH Kim tra trc mi ln o dng t nht 2 dung dch m chun ng vi pH tng ng vi khong pH ca mu th nghim. 6 thng 1 ln kim tra 3 m chun. H s th hin vic kim tra cn c lu. Tham kho ti liu APHA 4500-H v BS 1647. in cc cng phi c kim tra t nht l hng tun, hoc tn sut ln hn. Tham kho theo hng dn s dng ca nh sn xut.

THIT B O C

o dn ti mt im tng ng vi c ca Conduct a one-point check appropriate to the mu th, v hiu chun y mi nm. Theo anticipated turbidity of the sample being APHA 2130B. (cht chun c th mua hoc PTN measured, and a complete calibration each year.

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t to. Kim tra li cht chun ca nh cung cp Refer APHA 2130B. (Reference standards may be hng nm bng chun formazin). purchased or made up in the laboratory. Check manufacturer supplied standards annually against formazin standards.) THIT B PHN TCH T NG Ton b h thng cn c kim tra/hiu chun (tham kho hng dn ca nh sn xut) mi ln s dng v km theo vic kim sot cht lng bng cht chun, hiu chun ng nn v mu trng. Cn c k hoch lm mu lp v kim tra thu hi bng mu thm. Trong trng hp phn tch mt chui mu, phi p dng bin php thch hp bo m thit b vn hnh tt trong sut thi gian phn tch mu. Th tc kim sot cht lng cn kim tra c tnh hiu qu ca bt k phn ng trong qu trnh th nghim v d ct kh cadmium s dng cho phn tch nitrate. Ni chung cc thit b phi c bo tr theo qui nh ca nh sn xut. Nu c yu cu kim sot nhit (v d b iu nhit) phi c theo di bng thit b hiu chun (nhit k hoc cp nhit in cng tc). Cc b phn ca thit b cn c kim tra nh k v ch ra cch kim sot cht lng khi c vn khng ph hp. AUTOANALYSERS The total system must be checked/ calibrated on use (ref recommended by the instrument manufacturer) and monitored during each run with quality control measures such as reference materials, calibration/drift checks and blanks. The scheduled use of duplicates and recovery checks by spiked samples is also recommended when a bath of sample being measured to ensure status of equipment. Quality control procedures need to verify the efficiency of any chemical reactions which are part of the method (eg. cadmium reduction column used for nitrate analysis). In general the equipment must be maintained in accordance with manufacturers specifications. Temperature controlled enclosures (such as water baths) must be monitored with calibrated equipment (working thermometers or thermocouples). Individual components should be checked routinely and whenever quality control measures indicate a problem. SPECTROPHOTOMETERS A great number of the quantitative analyses performed in a chemical testing facility involve some form of spectrophotometric or colorimetric measurement. It is essential that a facility carry out regular, recorded calibration checks on all spectrophotometers or automated devices employing spectrophotometers or colorimeters. The calibration curve may be use for a period time but shall be use blank and QC samples for each measured. A new calibration curve must be prepared at least every month.

THIT B O PH a s cc php phn tch nh lng trong phng th nghim ha c s dng thit b o quang ph hoc so mu. Do phng th nghim cn thc hin thng xuyn v ghi nhn h s v kim tra v hiu chun cho cc thit b quang ph t ng hoc so mu. ng cong hiu chun c th s dng trong mt khong thi gian nhng phi c kim sot bng mu trng v mu chun cho mi ln th nghim v phi c thit lp li mt thng mt ln.

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Thit b phi c kim tra/hiu chun nh k v phi bao gm c vic kim tra s chnh xc ca bc sng, hp th, tnh tuyn tnh, lp li, phn gii, nh sng phn tn, tnh trng n v ph hp t bo quang in. Vic kim tra/hiu chun phi thc hin ph hp vi hng dn ca nh sn xut v/hoc cc s liu, ti liu lit k trong khong ph hp vi cc th tc th nghim v iu kin mi trng s dng thit b (nhng t nht ba thng mt ln). Tt c thit b phi c kim tra bng cc cht chun ph hp. Mu trng v t nht 2 im trn ng cong hiu chun cng phi c kim tra. Vic hiu chun ny phi gip theo di c tnh trng ca h thng thit b qua cc ln kim tra pht hin bt k s khc bit no ca h thng.

Equipment shall be checked/calibrated frequency and shall include checks on wavelength accuracy, absorbance, linearity, stray light and matching of cells. These checks/calibrations must be carried out in accordance with the manufacturers instructions and/or the codes of practice listed below at intervals appropriate to the test procedures and the physical environment within which the instrumentation is used (but at least every three months). All instruments must be checked on use against appropriate reference materials. A blank and at least two points on the calibration curve must also be checked. These calibrations should be compared over time to detect any system deterioration.

Mt s phng php phn tch s dng cc thit b Relevant standards for the checking and use of di y c cp cch kim tra v s dng thit spectrophotometers include: b gm c: a) T ngoi/ kh kin: a) Ultraviolet/ Visible: Standard terminology relating to molecular spectroscopy. Standard practices for general techniques of ultraviolet-visible quantitative analysis. Standard practices for describing and measuring performance of ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometers. Standard practice for monitoring the calibration of ultraviolet visible spectrophotometers whose spectral slit width does not exceed 2nm. Standard practice for measuring practical spectral band-width of ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometers.

ASTM E131 ASTM E169

Thut ng lin quan n php ghi ASTM E131 quang ph phn t. Thc hnh k thut chung v ASTM E169 phn tch nh lng bng quang ph t ngoi Thc hnh m t v o bng ASTM E275 quang ph k t ngoi, kh kin v hng ngoi gn Thc hnh hiu chun theo nh ASTM E925 k quang ph k c di ph di hp khng ln hn 2nm.

ASTM E275

ASTM E925

ASTM E958

Thc hnh o di rng quang ph ASTM E958 ca quang ph k t ngoi - kh kin. b)


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b) Hng ngoi:
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ASTM E168

Thc hnh k thut chung v ASTM E168 phn tch nh lng bng quang ph hng ngoi Thc hnh m t v o bng ASTM E932 quang ph k hng ngoi tn x.

Standard practices for general techniques of infrared quantitative analysis. Standard practice for describing and measuring performance of dispersive infrared spectrophotometers.

ASTM E932

THIT B QUANG PH c tnh thit b phi c kim sot khi s dng bng cc cht chun. th hiu chun phi c chun b s dng mu trng v bng t nht t 03 n 05 dung dch chun bao ph c khong nng c th c trong mu phn tch.

SPECTROMETERS Instrument performance must be routinely monitored during use with reference materials. Calibration graphs must be prepared using a blank and three to five solutions of standards covering the expected concentration range of analyte in the sample. This may be adequate for a linear graph; however, for a polynomial fit the graph should be prepared with a blank plus five to six solutions of standards. For atomic absorption, linearity checks must be done in the absorbance mode. Spectrometer components and supporting equipment must also be adequately maintained and checked periodically in accordance with documented procedures to ensure optimal instrument performance. (This may need to be done by external technicians.) Relevant standards for the checking and use of spectrometers include: a) Atomic absorption: Standard practice for electrothermal (graphite furnace) atomic absorption analysis. Metals by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Metals by cold-vapour atomic absorption spectrometry. Metals by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Arsenic and selenium by hydride
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Kim tra ng tuyn tnh phi c thc hin; tuy nhin c hm tuyn tnh cn chun b 1 im trng v 5 im nng ng dung dch chun. i vi hp th nguyn t, ng tuyn tnh phi c dng da vo da trn tn hiu o ( hp th). Cc b phn ca thit b v thit b ph tr phi c bo dng v kim tra nh k theo cc th tc c vn bn ha m bo c tnh thit b quang hc. (iu ny c th thc hin bi cc k thut vin bn ngoi). Cc tiu chun lin quan kim tra v s dng quang ph k bao gm: a) Hp th nguyn t:

ASTM E 1184 Thc hnh phn tch hp th ASTM E1184 nguyn t l graphit. APHA 3111 APHA 3112 Phn tch kim loi bng quang APHA 3111 ph hp th nguyn t ngn la. Phn tch kim loi bng quang APHA 3112 ph hp th nguyn t bay hi lnh. Phn tch kim loi bng quang APHA 3113 ph hp th nguyn t nhit in. Phn tch asen v selen bng APHA 3114
Ln ban hnh: 4.12

APHA 3113 APHA 3114


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quang ph hp th nguyn t / pht sinh hyrua. b) Pht x nguyn t v hunh quang tia X: b)

generation/atomic spectrometry.

absorption

Atomic emission and x-ray fluorescence: Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometers Determination of precision. Analysis of metals - Procedures for the setting up, calibration and standardization of atomic emission spectrometers using arc/spark discharge.

AS 2563

Bc sng phn tn quang ph AS 2563 hunh quang tia X Xc nh chm. Phn tch kim loi phng php AS 2883 thit lp, hiu chun v chun ha pht x nguyn t s dng h quang/tia la in.

AS 2883

ASTM E135 Thut ng lin quan n ha phn ASTM E135 Standard terminology relating to tch kim loi, qung v vt liu lin analytical chemistry for metals, quan. ores and related materials. c) Plasma lin hp cm ng: c) Inductively coupled plasma (ICP): Metals by plasma emission spectroscopy.

APHA 3120 d)

Phn tch kim loi bng quang APHA 3120 ph pht x plasma d)

Cng hng t ht nhn:

Inductively coupled plasma: Standard practice for data presentation relating to high resolution NMR spectroscopy.

ASTM E386

Thc hnh trnh by d liu lin ASTM E386 quan n quang ph cng hng t ht nhn phn gii cao.

SC K a) Sc k kh Cc thng s c trng ca thit b phi c kim tra/hiu chun nh k bng cc cht chun. Cc thnh phn ca h thng (my tch phn, nhit l ct, chng trnh nhit , tc dng kh, detector) cng phi c kim tra theo chu k, v cc h s kim tra phi c lu gi. b)

CHROMATOGRAPHS a) Gas chromatographs (GC) Instrument performance must be routinely monitored during use with reference materials. System components (eg. integrators, ovens, electronic amplifiers and detectors) must also be checked periodically, and records kept.

Sc k lng, bao gm sc k lng hiu b) nng cao (HPLC) v sc k ion

Ton b h thng phi c kim tra/hiu chun bng cc chun chnh. S gim kh nng pht hin c th c pht hin bng vic so snh cc kt qu theo thi gian khi th bng cht chun. Cc thnh phn ca h thng phi c kim tra nh
AGL 03 Ln ban hnh: 4.12

Liquid chromatography including high performance (or high pressure) liquid chromatographs (HPLC) and ion chromatography: The total system must be monitored during use with reference standards. Loss of efficiency may be detected by chronological comparison of reference material measurements. System

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k v ni dng c lu gi h s kim tra.

components (eg. pumping system and detectors) must be subject to periodic checks and details must be recorded.

Cc tiu chun lin quan n vic kim tra v s dng thit b sc k gm: Relevant standards for the checking and use of chromatographic instrumentation include: ASTM D1945 Cc Phng php phn tch kh t nhin bng sc k kh. ASTM D1945 Test methods for analysis of natural gas by gas chromatography. ASTM D4626 Thc hnh tnh ton cc h s p ng trong sc k kh. ASTM D4626 Standard practice for calculation of GC response factors. ASTM E260 Thc hnh sc k kh ct nhi. ASTM E260 Standard practice for packed column gas chromatography. ASTM E355 Thc hnh cc hng mc ca sc k kh v nhng vn lin quan. ASTM E355 Standard practice for gas chromatography terms and relationships. ASTM E516 Thc hnh kim tra detector dn nhit dng trong sc k kh. ASTM E516 Standard practice for testing thermal conductivity detectors used in gas chromatography. ASTM E594 Thc hnh kim tra detector ion ha ngn la dng trong sc k ASTM E594 Standard practice for testing kh. flame ionization detectors used in gas or supercritical fluid chromatography. ASTM E682 Thc hnh cc hng mc ca sc k lng v nhng vn lin ASTM E682 Standard practice for liquid quan. chromatography terms and relationships. ASTM E685 Thc hnh th nghim detector UV/VIS bc sng c nh dng ASTM E685 Practice for testing fixedtrong sc k lng. wavelength photometric detectors used in liquid ASTM E697 Thc hnh s dng cng kt in chromatography. t ECD trong sc k kh. ASTM E697 Standard practice for use of electron-capture detectors in gas chromatography. ASTM E840 Thc hnh s dng detector trc quang ngn la FPD trong sc k ASTM E840 Standard practice for using kh. flame photometric detectors in gas chromatography. ASTM E1151 Thc hnh cc loi sc k ion v nhng vn lin quan. ASTM E1151 Standard practice for ion chromatography terms and ISO 10301 Cht lng nc - Xc nh cc relationships. hyrocacbon halogen d bay hi
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bng sc k kh. BS 5443

ISO 10301

Khuyn co v mt s tiu chun cho cc phng php phn tch ha hc bng sc k kh. BS 5443

Water quality Determination of highly volatile halogenated hydrocarbons - gas Chromatographic methods. Recommendations for a standard layout for methods of chemical analysis by gas chromatography

Phn tch kch thc ht: Particle size analysis c tnh thit b phi c kim sot nh k khi s dng vi cc cht chun. Instrument performance should be routinely monitored, during use, with reference materials. ASTM F660 Thc hnh so snh kch thc ht trong vic s dng cc loi my ASTM F660 Standard practice for comparing m ht khc nhau. particle size in the use of alternative types of particle counters.

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