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DIRECCIN GENERAL DE EDUCACIN TECNOLGICA AGROPECUARIA

CENTRO DE BACHILLERATO TECNOLGICO AGROPECUARIO No 140 COAHUAYANA DE HIDALGO, MICHOACN

WORKBOOK III Libro de ejercicios

If you are planning for a year, sow rice; if you are planning for a decade, plant trees; if you are planning for a lifetime, educate people. Chinese proverb

COAHUAYANA DE HGO. MICH.


AGOSTO DE 2008 TERCERA EDICION

Adapted by M.C Esteban Vergara Mendoza

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Indice:
CONTENIDO PAGINA

Introduccin....... 3 Futuro Will (Afirmativo, negativo, interrogativo, respuestas cortas yes/no)..... 5 Futuro going to (Afirmativo, negativo, interrogativo, respuestas cortas yes/no).. 13 Auxiliares modales .. 19 Must. 19 Should.. 20 Could 23 Would... 26 Have to....27 May.....30 Primer condicional...34 Presente perfecto (Afirmativo, negativo, interrogativo, respuestas cortas yes/no)..41 Cognados verdaderos / falsos ..54 Verbos regulares / irregulares .58 Coclusin 69 Bibliografa, creditos y sitios recomendados ..69

GUIA DE PRACTICAS EN INGLES MUNDIAL Will ----------------- leccin 16 nivel principiante Going To ---------- Leccin 14 nivel principinate Condicional ------ leccin 16 nivel intermedio Presente perfecto -----leccin 10 nivel intermedio Would ------ Leccin 7 nivel principiante Should ------ Leccin 12 nivel principiante Might -------- Leccin 15 nivel intermedio

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pPropsito de la materia
Los alumnos ampliaran sus conocimientos estructurando su proyecto de vida en el mbito personal, vocacional y social, as como sus aportaciones al mundo social, cientfico y tecnolgico.

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Captulo 1 : Futuro will


Este capitulo tiene como objetivo el que aprendas a expresar de forma oral y escrita cosas que planeas realizar en el futuro, como tus planes de estudiar una carrera profesional, etc. Te recuerdo realices las practicas interactivas de Ingles mundial en tu centro de computo. 1.0 FUTURO WILL Vocabulary (practica su pronunciacin en leccin 16 nivel principiante) future --- futuro diseases --- enfermedades already --- ya variety --- variedad home --- hogar lawn - --csped mow --- cortar el csped yard --- jardn maneuver --- maniobrar, manipular, manejar grass --- pasto, csped while --- mientras vacuum cleaner - --aspiradora vacuum --- aspirar furniture --- muebles nap --- siesta even --- aun pet --- mascota understand --- entender command --- orden, mandato flash --- destellar, brillar patrol --- patrullar, rondar Practice I. Fill the blanks with the words above 1. I use the __________________ to clean the carpet 2. I have two ________________. I have a dog and a cat. 3. Tables, chairs, sofas, and beds are examples of ______________________ 4. The police officer _______________ the area in the police car 5. Medicine can cure many ____________________________ 6. When Im tired I take a _____________________________ 7. The grass is very long. I nedd to ________________ the lawn 8. The children like to play in the ____________________ 9. The supermarket has a _______________ of different foods. 10. I speak English and Spanish but I cant _________________ Chinese Ingles III 4

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Captulo 1 : Futuro will

Una manera de hablar del futuro es con el verbo auxiliar "will". La contraccin sera apostrofe y luego doble L. I will swim. = Nadar. I'll swim. = Nadar. (contraccin) Ponemos el sujeto primero (en la oracin arriba "I"), luego "will", y luego el verbo. En oraciones negativas usamos "will not" o la contraccin "won't". I will not swim. = No nadar. I won't swim. = No nadar. Para formar una pregunta corta, ponemos "will" primero, luego el sujeto, y luego el verbo. Will you swim? = Nadars? Para responder decimos: Yes, I will o No, I wont Will she work? ----------- Yes, she will o No, she wont INFORMATION QUESTIONS (preguntas de Informacin) Recuerda que este tipo de preguntas inician con: What Error! Secuencia no especificada. Que Where When Why Who How Donde Cuando Por que Quien Como

Example: Where will you go tomorrow morning? I will go to New York When will you go to Mexico City? I will go to Mexico City next Saturday

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Captulo 1 : Futuro will


EN RESUMEN Affirmative Sujeto+ will + verbo I will go to Colima You will be a Doctor He will work in Germany She will study English It will rain tomorrow We will go You will go They will go Negative Sujeto + wont + Verbo I won't go to Colima You won't be a Doctor He won't work in Germany She won't study English It won't rain tomorrow We won't go You won't go They won't go Interrogative: yes/no Will + will + Verbo Will I go to Colima? Will you be a Doctor? Will he work in Germany? Will she study English ? Will it rain tomorrow ? Will we go ? Will you go ? Will they go ?

A continuacin te invito a que reafirmes lo que ya aprendiste, resolviendo los ejercicios prcticos que a continuacin se presentan.

actor actress air hostess architect astronaut baker bank clerk beekeeper barber bookseller bricklayer bus driver butcher chemist

VOCABULARIO actor consultant actriz cook azafata customs officer arquitecto dentist astronauta doctor panadero driver empleado bancario dustman apicultor electrician peluquero (de hombre) employee librero engineer albail farmer conductor de autobs fireman carnicero fisherman farmacutico

asesor cocinero oficial de aduanas dentista mdico conductor basurero electricista empleado ingeniero agricultor bombero pescador

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Execercises
Practice II: Escriba oraciones de lo que estas personas harn usando la informacin dada. Ve el ejemplo

Example: Bob/exercise: Bob will exercise. 1. They/go to the party __________________________________________

2. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson/watch T.V _________________________________ 3. The children/study English ______________________________________ 4. She/cook dinner ____________________________________________

5. The dog/run _________________________________________________

Practice III. Susan est estudiando para ser maestra. Haga oraciones de lo que har o no har ella en su futura carrera. Example: Correct tests: She will correct tests. Build houses: She wont build houses. 1. Teach classes ______________________________________

2. Work at school ______________________________________ 3. Drive a truck ______________________________________

4. Work with students ___________________________________ 5. Work in a hospital ___________________________________

Practice IV. Responde a las preguntas segn lo que hars o no en el futuro 1. Will you work tomorrow? _____________________________ 2. Will you study English tomorrow? ______________________ 3. Will you go to El faro this weekend? ___________________ 4. Will you wash the dishes tonight? _______________________ 5. Will you go on vacation next year? ______________________ VOCABULARY II EL TIEMPO / THE WEATHER est nevando it's snowing est lloviendo it's raining est nublado it's cloudy esta despejado it's clear Ingles III

hace calor hace sol hace fresco hace fro

it's warm it's sunny it's cool it's cold 7

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Execercises
Practice V: Escucha el dialogo y contesta las preguntas: (leccin 16 nivel principiante) Cuales cosas piensan ellos que pasarn en el futuro? ___ Cars will fly ___ People will study via the Internet ___ We wont have computers ___ We wont have many diseases that we have today ___ Doctors will visit you in your home ___ We will have robots to cook and clean the house

Practice VI: lee y practica el dialogo en pareja. A What do you think the future will be like? B I think cars will fly. A Really? What do you think the schools will be like? B I think people will study in their houses via the Internet. A What will hospitals be like? B I think medicine will be totally different. We wont have many of the diseases that we have today. A How will houses be different? B Maybe well have robots to clean our house and cook. A That would be nice! Practice VII: Reading leccin 16 nivel bsico (laboratorio) Practice VIII. Dictado---- Leccion 16 nivel bsico (laboratorio) Practice IX: Game ------- fortune teller.Leccin 16 nivel bsico (laboratorio/clase)

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Mi plan de Vida
Hasta este momento, ya practicaste como expresar algo que tienes planeado realizar en el futuro. Ahora aplcalo para expresar todo lo que quieres para ti en el futuro. Como te ves a ti mismo en 10 aos? Escrbelo y comntalo con tus compaeros, algunas ideas pueden parecer descabelladas, pero recuerda que t puedes realizar cualquier cosa que te propongas.

Aqu tienes algunas ideas: * Sere el mejor doctor en Mexico por que estudiare medicina en la universidad de Colima * Graduarse del bachillerato con el mejor promedio * Ser un/una Ingeniero en sistemas computacionales * Trabajar en una gran empresa de desarrollo de tecnologa * Manejar mi propio negocio atendiendo a los turistas que vacacionan en mi regin * Aprender Ingles para poder lograr lo anterior Example: In 2 years, I will be able to speak English

____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________

Suea en grande y lograras todo lo que te propongas, solo encargarte de realizar lo necesario para lograr tus metas

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Captulo II: Going to


En este capitulo, te presentamos otra herramienta para expresar actividades que vas a desarrollar en el futuro. Recuerda que la totalidad de esta leccin la puedes practicar en cualquier computadora del centro de computo.

Vocabulary: Animals (Practica la pronunciacin en leccin 14 nivel bsico) Bat -- murcilago Bear -- oso Bird -- pjaro Bull -- toro Camel -- camello Cat -- gato Chicken -- gallina Cow -- vaca Crocodile -- cocodrilo Deer -- venado Dog -- perro Dolphin - delfn Duck -- pato Elephant -- elefante Fish -- pescado Frog -- rana Giraffe -- jirafa Gorilla -- gorila Hippopotamus -- hipoptamo Horse -- caballo Kangaroo -- canguro Leopard -- leopardo Lion -- leon Lizard -- lagarto Monkey -- mono Moose alce Mouse -- ratn Parrot -- loro Penguin -- pingino Rabbit -- conejo Rat -- rata Rhinoceros -- rinoceronte Snake -- serpiente Squirrel -- ardilla Tiger -- tigre Turtle -- tortuga Whale -- ballena Zebra -- cebra

2.0 Going to
Se usa una forma de "to be" con "going to" para hablar del futuro. I am going to swim. (Voy a nadar.) I'm not going to swim. He is going to swim. She isn't going to swim. It You are going to swim. They aren't going to swim. We OTHER VOCABULARY Feedder de comer Pet--- mascota Paw--- garra Flat---plano Antlers---asta, cuernos Pound---libras

cage---jaula puppy---perrito mask---mascara tail---cola, rabo dexterous---diestro container--- envase dam---presa river---rio male---macho, varon femalehembra mammal---mamifero

train---entrenar striped---rayado rodent---roedor stream---arroyo horns---cuernos

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Resumen
ESTRUCTURA AFIRMATIVO --------------------- Sujeto + (am/is/are) + Verbo principal + Complemento I am going to play soccer this weekend They are going to study English today I am going to work tonight / voy a jugar futbol este fin de semana / Ellos van a estudiar Ingles hoy / Voy a trabajar esta noche

NEGATIVO -------------------------Sujeto + (am/is/are) + Not + Verbo principal + Complemento Im not going to play soccer this weekend They are not going to study English today I am not going to work tonight / No voy a jugar futbol este fin de semana / Ellos no van a estudiar Ingles hoy / No Voy a trabajar esta noche

INTERROGATIVO -------------- (am/is/are) + Sujeto + Verbo principal + Complemento Are you going to play soccer this weekend? Are they going to study English today? Are you going to work tonight? INFORMATION QUESTIONS ---What Where When + (am / is / are) + Sujeto +Verbo principal + complemento Why Who How EXAMPLES What are you going to do this weekend? / Que vas hacer este fin de semana? Why are you going to go there? / Por que vas a ir alli/ Where are you going to study English? /Donde vas a estudiar Ingles? / vas a jugar futbol este fin de semana? / Van a estudiar Ingles hoy? / Vay a trabajar esta noche?

Prctica Has oraciones de lo que TU vas o no vas a hacer maana. ejemplo wash the dishes 1. Exercise 2. Watch TV

I'm going to wash the dishes. -o- I'm not going to wash the dishes. _______________________________ _______________________________

3. Clean the house _______________________________ 4. Cook 5. Study English Ingles III _______________________________ _______________________________ 11

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Execercises
Prctica Mr. Hanks trabaja en el zoolgico. Haga oraciones de lo que va y no va a hacer hoy segn su agenda. AGENDA 8:00 AM - feed the monkeys 9:00 AM - wash the elephants 11:00 AM - train the parrots 12:00 PM - eat lunch 1:00 PM - clean the lion cage Example: Feed the monkeys Hes going to feed the monkeys

Feed the elephants He isnt going to feed the elephants

1. wash the elephants 2. train the parrots 3. feed the crocodiles 4. eat lunch 5. train the tigers 6. clean the lion cage

______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

Listeninig: Instrucciones
Escuche el dilogo y conteste las preguntas. Cules animales mencionan en el dilogo? __ puppy __cat __horse __monkey __elephant __tiger

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Execercises
Dilogo: este dialogo lo puedes escuchar en leccin 14 nivel bsico Lee el dilogo y practicalo en pareja CHILD #1 My daddys going to buy me a puppy for Christmas. CHILD #2 Really? Well, my daddys going to buy me a horse. Im going to ride it around in my yard. CHILD #1 Uh uh. Thats not true. CHILD #2 Yeah, and hes going to buy me a pet monkey too. Hes going to eat bananas in my room all day while Im at school and when I come home hes going to play with me. CHILD #1 Well, my daddys going to buy me a pet tiger. CHILD #2 Thats impossible. The tigers going to eat you. CHILD #1 Im going to keep him in cage and feed him hamburgers. FATHER Are you kids making up stories again? If you dont stop lying, youre not going to get anything for Christmas. Reading: lee el siguiente texto, comentalo con tus compaeros y contesta las preguntas.

Animals of North America


Bear
There are eight different kinds of bears in the world. Black bears and brown bears live in many areas of North America and polar bears live in parts of Canada and Alaska. In the winter many kinds of bears hibernate, or sleep in the winter. This helps them save energy during the winter. In the winter the baby bears, or cubs, are born.

Raccoon
The raccoon is a small mammal that looks like it's wearing a mask. It has a striped tail. Raccoons are omnivorous, which means that they can eat many different things. They have very dexterous paws which they can use to open containers to get at the food inside.

Beaver
The beaver is a large rodent with a flat tail that it uses for swimming and for balancing. The beaver is famous for it's ability to build dams in rivers and streams.

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Moose
A moose is a member of the deer family. In the spring the male moose grows a set of antlers on its head which he loses in the following winter. Moose can grow to be 7 feet tall and 1500 pounds. Moose are herbivores, which means that they eat plants.

Bison
The bison, which is also called the buffalo, has a big head and curved horns. Bison live in herds, or groups of animals, in the western United States and Canada. An adult bison can weigh up to 2000 pounds and a large bison can eat as much as 60 pounds of grass a day!

Practica: Contesta las siguientes preguntas


1. What does hibernate mean? __________________________________ 2. Why do bears hibernate? ___________________________________

3. Which animal looks like its wearing a mask? ______________________ 4. What does moose eat? __________________________________________ 5. What does herd mean? _______________________________________ 6. Which animal builds dams? _____________________________________

Practice: Describe un animal de tu regin.

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Captulo III: Auxiliares Modales


Este capitulo tiene como objetivo que aprendas a pedir y dar sugerencias, denotar obligaciones y solicitar algo de forma amable.El significado de cada uno de ellos puede variar segn el contexto donde se encuentre. Despus de revisar la estructura realiza con los ejercicios propuestos. Recuerda practicar con tus compaeros y tu instructor.

3.0 AUXILIARES MODALES


Los Auxiliares modales son: Must Should Have to Could Would May

3.1 Must
Se utiliza cuando pensamos o realizamos algo que es necesario o muy probable. La forma negativa equivale a una prohibicin. Ejemplos I am really tired. I must go home now. (Estoy realmente cansado. Debo irme a casa ahora) You must keep your room tidy.(Debes conservar tu habitacin ordenada.) Estructura afirmativa: sujeto + must + verbo negativa: sujeto + must not / musn't + verbo pregunta: must + sujeto + verbo? respuesta corta: Yes, sujeto + must / No, sujeto + mustn't PRACTICE I Complete the sentences. Use must and one of the following verbs. be go learn meet wash win do wear

1. We must go to the bank today. We havent got any money. 2. Maria is a very interesting person. You ___________________her 3. My hands are dirty. I _______________ them 4. You _______________to drive. It is very useful. 5. I ________________ to the hospital I feel sick. 6. The game tomorrow is very important for us. We ________________ 7. You cant always have things immediately. You _________________ patient

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Execercises
PRACTICE II Complete the sentences. Use must or mustnt Rules at C.B.T.a 140 1. You must assist every day at 7:30 a.m

2. You _________ fight at school 3. You ________ leave the room without the teachers permission 4. You ________ do all your homework 5. You _________ smoke in the school area 6. You _________ show respect for all people in the school Rules of good driving 1. You ____________ wear a seat belt. 2. You ____________ exceed the speed limit 3. You ____________ stop at a red light 4. You ____________ drink and drive 5. When driving a motorcycle. You ______________use a helmet

3.2 Should Usamos la palabra "should" en ingls para dar consejos. Es como la palabra "deber" en espaol. You should study. (Deberas de estudiar.) El negativo es "should not" o la contraccin "shouldn't." You shouldn't eat so much. (No deberas de comer tanto.) Ejemplos You should have a holiday. (Deberas tener vacaciones.) You shouldn't work so hard (No deberas trabajar tanto.) What do you think I should do? (que crees que debera hacer?) Estructura afirmativa: sujeto + should + verbo negativa: sujeto + should not / shouldn't + verbo pregunta: should + sujeto + verbo? respuesta corta: Yes, sujeto + should / No, sujeto + shouldn't Ingles III 16

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Vocabulary
Practica la pronunciacin de este vocabulario en leccin 12 del nivel principiante The Body (El Cuerpo) head - cabeza eye - ojo nose - nariz mouth - boca ear - oreja, odo neck - cuello back - espalda chest - pecho stomach - estmago shoulder - hombro arm - brazo elbow - codo hand - mano finger - dedo wrist - mueca leg - pierna knee - rodilla ankle - tobillo foot - pie (plural = feet) toe - dedo del pie

Health Problems
I have a . . . headache - dolor de cabeza stomachache - dolor de estmago backache - dolor de espalda toothache - dolor de muela earache - dolor de odo cold - resfriado fever - fiebre cough - tos

Other Vocabulary
hurt - doler feel - sentirse become - hacerse wash the dishes - lavar los platos lose weight - bajar de peso What's the matter? - Qu tienes? tomorrow - maana rest - descansar too much - demasiado so much - tanto tip - consejo advice - consejo low - bajo fat - grasa calorie - calora liquid - lquido at least - al menos serving - porcin instead of - en vez de dessert - postre healthy - saludable temporary - temporal stairs - escalera smoke - fumar elevator - ascensor, elevador

Prctica
Da consejos a estas personas. ejemplo I have a headache. (take an aspirin) 1. I have a stomachache. (drink tea) You should take an aspirin______________ ____________________________________

2. I have a toothache. (go to the dentist) __________________________________ 3. I have a backache. (rest) 4. I have a fever. (go to bed) 5. I have a cold. (take cold medicine) ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

6. I have an earache (go to the doctor) ____________________________________ Ingles III 17

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Execercises
Prctica Da consejos, segn tu opinin, a estas personas. Escribe solo una de las posibles respuestas
Ejemplo Should I get a cat or a dog? posibles respuestas You should get a cat -oYou shoul get a dog

1. Should I buy a car or a motorcycle?

________________________________________

2. Should I buy a house or rent an apartment? ______________________________________ 3. Should I become a teacher or a doctor? ________________________________________

4. Should I go on vacations to Colima or Acapulco? _________________________________ 5. Should I learn English or Japanese? __________________________________________

6. Should I study medicine or engineering? ________________________________________

Prctica
Martimiana quiere aprender ingls rpido. Dle lo que debe y no debe hacer. ejemplos watch TV in English Watch TV in Spanish 1. Listen to music in English You should watch TV in English You sholdnt watch TV in Spanish ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ . .

2. Study English grammar 3. Read novels in English 4. Listen to music in Spanish

5. Do the lessons in inglesmundial _________________________________________

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Execercises

Tips for Losing Weight


1. Eat low-fat AND low-calorie foods. Many "diet" foods are low in fat but high in calories. 2. Limit your "liquid calories." Sodas and sugary drinks have a lot of calories and don't fill you up because they are liquid. 3. Cook! When you cook you see what the food contains and you can limit fat. 4. Eat at least five servings of fruits or vegetables a day. 5. Have fruit for dessert instead of a fatty dessert. 5. Don't "diet." A "diet" is a temporary change. To stay healthy you need to make a permanent change in the way you eat. 6. Exercise three or four times per week for 30-60 minutes. Exercise is the most important part of a healthy life style. Walking is simple and it's great exercise. It's a good idea consult your doctor before beginning a new exercise routine. 7. If you don't have much time for exercise, use the stairs at work instead of the elevator.

Prctica
Lee la lista arriba y has oraciones con should o shouldn't segn lo que explican en el artculo. ejemplos eat low-fat foods eat high-fat foods 1. drink liquid calories 2. cook 3. eat fruits and vegetables You should eat low-fat food You shouldnt eat high-fat food ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ . .

4. have chocolate for dessert ________________________________________ 5. exercise ________________________________________

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Workbook III Auxiliar Have to" 3.5 HAVE TO / HAS TO "Have to" quiere decir "tener que." El verbo se conjuga igual que el verbo "have" solo. Afirmativo y Negativo have to . . . don't have to . . . Pregunta Do you have to _____? we they I Does he have to _____? she it

I You We They He She It

has to . . . doesn't have to . . .

Prctica Cules de estas cosas tienes que hacer maana y cuales no tienes que hacer? Anota solo una. Ejemplo wash my clothes 1. Go to work 2. come to school 3. cook 4. wash the dishes 5. clean the house Posibles respuestas I have to wash my clothes -o- I dont have to wash my clothes _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________

Dilogo Lea el dilogo abajo y practicalo en pareja. Pudes escucharlo en leccin 12 nivel principiante NANCY Hi doctor. DOCTOR Hi Nancy. Whats the matter? NANCY I have a sore throat and a bad cough. DOCTOR Hmmm. You should drink lots of tea and take cough medicine. NANCY I have to go to work tomorrow. DOCTOR You shouldnt go to work. You should rest. NANCY I have a big project to finish at work. DOCTOR You should rest and you shouldnt talk too much. NANCY Ok. Ingles III 20

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Execercises
PRACTICE I Today is a busy day for my family. Fill in the blanks with have to or has to 1. Susan has to feed the dog 2. They ____________ wash the windows 4. Mary ___________do her homework 6. Tom __________ sweep the floor 8. My mom ______wash the dishes 10. We ________ clean the refrigerator 12. Rose ________ clean her room

3. We __________ go to the supermarket 5. Rose and Mary _______wash the car 7. They ________water the plants 9. Karla _______ practice the piano 11. Tom ________ empty the trash

PRACTICE II Answer the questions according with the information given in the box Monday Tom: go to the supermarket Helen: Wash the clothes 1. What does Tom have to do on Monday? Tuesday Tom and Helen Go to the dentist Wednesday Tom: clean the yard Helen: fix the car He has to go to the supermarket . Thursday Tom and Helen Paint their house

2. What does Helen have to do on Wednesday? _____________________________ 3. What does Helen have to do on Monday? ________________________________ 4. What do Tom and Helen have to do on Thursday? _________________________ 5. What do Tom and Helen have to do on Tuesday? __________________________ 6. What does Tom have to do on Wednesday? _______________________________ 7. Does Helen have to wash the clothes this Monday? _________________________ 8. Does Tom have to fix the car this Monday? _______________________________ 9. Do Helen and Tom have to go to the dentist on Tuesday? ____________________ 10. Do Helen and Tom have to paint their house this Thursday? _________________ PRACTICE III: Write about your self What do you have to do this week? 1.______________________________________________________________________ 2. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________________________ Ingles III 21

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Auxiliar Could"
3.3 COULD Es el pasado del verbo can e indica posibilidad, se puede usar para pedir permisos o como condicional. Ejemplos My Father could read 10 languages, / mi papa podia leer diez idiomas
You could get a better job if you spoke English / Tu podrias conseguir un mejor empleo si hablaras Ingles

Well, we could go fishing. / Bueno, nosotros podriamos ir de pesca Could I talk to you for a minute? / Podria hablar contigo un minute? Estructura afirmativa: sujeto + could + verbo negativa: sujeto + could not / couldn't + verbo pregunta: could + sujeto + verbo? respuesta corta: Yes, sujeto + could / No, sujeto + couldn't PRACTICE II Read the paragraph and answer the questions MRS. MURPHYS STUDENTS COULDNT DO THEIR HOMEWORK

Mrs. Murphy doesnt know what to do with her students today. They didnt do their homework last night, and now she cant teach the lesson she prepared. Bob couldnt do his homework because he had a stomachache. Sally couldnt do her homework because she was tired and fell asleep early. John couldnt do his homework because he had to visit his grandmother in the hospital. Donna couldnt do her homework because she had to take care of her baby sister while her mother worked late at the office. And all the other students couldnt do their homework because there was a blackout in their neighborhood last night. 1. Why Bob couldnt do his homework? __________________________________________________ 2. Could Sally do her homework? _______________________________________________________ 3. Why Donna couldnt do her homework? ________________________________________________ 4. Why all the other students couldnt do their homework? ____________________________________

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Vocabulary
Este vocabulario lo puedes practicar en la leccin 7 del nivel principiante Food (Comida)
hamburger - hamburguesa pizza steak - bistec fish - pescado chicken - pollo shrimp - camarones ham - jamn spaghetti - espagueti french fries - papas fritas salad - ensalada corn - maz broccoli - brcoli soup - sopa cake - pastel, bizcocho ice cream - helado pie - pastel water - agua soda - refresco orange juice - jugo de naranja coffee - caf tea t PROFESIONES DoctorMedico EngineerIngeniero NurseEnfermera Lawyerabogado Chemical engineerIng. Quimico Teacherprofesor Pilot--piloto

Menu
appetizer - aperitivo entree - platillo fuerte side order - comida que acompaa el platillo fuerte dessert - postre beverage (drink) bebida

Phrases (Frases) May I take your order? Puedo tomar su orden?

Would you like ______? Le gustara _____? I'd like _____. Me gustara _____. I'll take the _____. Tomar el _____. I'll have the _____. Tendr el _____. Could we have the check please? La cuenta por favor? Come again. - Venga otra vez.

Other Vocabulary
breakfast - desayuno lunch - almuerzo dinner - cena customer - cliente cup - taza order - orden, ordenar just - solo after - despus meal - comida something - algo full - lleno check - cuenta bring - traer delicious - delicioso fun - divertido free - gratis whole - entero

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Auxiliar Would
3.4 WOULD

Leccin 7 prin

Indica una suposicin. Would se utiliza en general para las frases condicionales. Tambin lo usamos para predicciones, ofrecimientos y para preguntar por algo educadamente. Ejemplos I would like to go to London (Me gustara ir a Londres) That would be good. / eso estaria bien Peter was working very hard. He would be tired tomorrow. (Peter estuvo trabajando duro. Estar cansado maana..) Would you like coffe? (Le gustara tomar caf?) Estructura afirmativa: sujeto + would + verbo afirmativa corta: sujeto+ 'd + verbo negativa: sujeto + would not / wouldn't+ verbo pregunta: would + sujeto + verbo? respuesta corta: Yes, sujeto + would / No, sujeto + wouldn't Tambin se utiliza para manifestar deseos o realizar peticiones de una manera corts:

I would like to be rich. Me gustara ser rico I would like your help. Deseara tu ayuda Would you lend me your car? Me prestaras tu coche ?

Prctica
Escribe la respuesta correcta segn tus gustos (si te gustara o no te gustara comer esta comida). 1. Would you like fish for lunch? 2. Would you like orange juice for breakfast? 3. Would you like cake for dessert? 4. Would you like corn for a side order? 5. Would you like steak for dinner? 6. Would you like coffee? 7. Would you like salad? 8. Would you like spaghetti? ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

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Vocabulary
OCEAN COAST SUN HAT COOLER WATER SWIMMING HOT STARFISH SWIMSUIT SAND

A I C A O O W M O G C W A T I N C C H O S A O A C I W T A S S O S A C A M N E U A S F O N A E S M T W W W S O S T T F I N M S S S R S R O A M R S O T T A A R A S F T T E S T S C O A S T E S A S L O S N T I H C S E C A T H I S N S S S W I S A H E I D C G I S S I O T S F A I W H S R T A W H E O T N N C A T N A H H O T D A I H I L S I C H M N N T M N T

I U O W A A S I U R E L O O C I

T E A T O M O M S G R T I U S M I W S R A G T O I A C U M T R F F S C O N F W S D I M O T A S A E T U I T I R W S W A T E R T H T F R S U F H A D S S W S A S A W O S A C I A O A W G W R N W U C M S T M O N T A C N H M S N H T D A A S S S A H C M S O H I O T H S W T S H W I S I S O

G S R L R H S U I R O I H D T A E T R O

Prctica Escriba una oracin con "I'd like" para seleccionar la comida que quiere. Ejemplo Would you like coffee or tea? 1. Would you like soda or orange juice? 2. Would you like steak or chicken? 3. Would you like corn or salad? 4. Would you like cake or ice cream? 5. Would you like pizza or a hamburger?

Id like tea please

_______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

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Workbook III Dilogo Lee el dilogo abajo y practcalo en pareja. Puedes escucharlo en leccin 7 nivel principiante WAITER - May I take your order? CUSTOMER #1 - Yes. I'd like the chicken and a side order of corn. WAITER - And what would you like to drink? CUSTOMER #1 - I'd like a cup of coffee, please. WAITER - And what would you like to order? CUSTOMER #2 - I'll take the spaghetti and a salad. WAITER - What would you like to drink? CUSTOMER #2 - Just water, please. (after the meal) WAITER - Would you like something for dessert? CUSTOMER #1 - Yes, I'll have the cake, please. Would you like something? CUSTOMER #2 - No thanks. I'm full. (after dessert) CUSTOMER #1 - Could we have the check, please? WAITER - Yes, here it is. CUSTOMER #1 - Hmmm. $23.55. Here you are. WAITER - Thank you. Come again. CUSTOMER #1 - Thank you. Goodbye

Practica: Completa las lecciones de Reading y dictation de la leccin 7 nivel principiante

Practica: discucin en clase sobre What would you like to be in the future? Anota en el recuadro de abajo sobre el tema propuesto. Usa el vocabulario de esta seccin.

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MAY / MIGHT
3.6 MAY Lo utilizamos para decir que algo es posible o muy probable. Lo usamos con el presente o futuro. Tambin se utiliza para preguntar por algo pero ms educadamente que con el could. Ejemplos I may stay at home or I may go to a disco.(Puede que me quede en casa o puede que vaya a la discoteca) May I use your dictionary? (Podra usar su diccionario?) Estructura afirmativa: sujeto + may + verbo negativa: sujeto + may + not pregunta: may + sujeto + verbo? MIGHT (leccin 15 nivel intermedio) 'Might' es un verbo auxiliar para expresar posibilidad (como 'quizs'). Para cambiarlo a negativo aadimos 'not'. Vocabulary: Puedes practicar la pronunciacin en leccin 15 nivel intermedio
Weather Forecast Vocabulary rain - lluvia, llover rainy - lluvioso snow - nieve, nevar snowy - nevado heavy - fuerte (con lluvia o nieve) sun - sol sunny - soleado shine - brillar freeze - congelar fog - neblina foggy - brumoso, nublado hail - granizo, granizar wind - viento windy - ventoso cloud - nube cloudy - nublado clear - despejado icy helado dry - seco humid - hmedo humidity - humedad hot - caliente warm - templado cold - fro degrees - grados (de temperatura) showers - lluvias precipitation - precipitacin, lluvia thunderstorm tormenta electrica thunder - trueno lightning - relmpago hurricane - huracn tornado - tornado flood - inundacin, inundar chance posibilidad Other Vocabulary high - alto low - bajo forecast - pronstico clear up - despejar umbrella - paraguas chance - posibilidad; oportunidad expect - esperar enjoy - disfrutar watch out - tener cuidado flight - vuelo delay - atraso, atrasar due to - debido a renovate - renovar sponsor - patrocinar, auspiciar

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Excercises
Practice
Change the following sentences to unsure ones with the word "might" or "might not" for negative sentences. examples They will go to the party. They might go to the party. It wont hail tonight. It might not hail tonight

1. Shell study tomorrow morning. ___________________________________________ 2. It will snow this weekend 3. The house wont flood ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________

4. There will be a thunderstorm tonight. _________________________________________ 5. Theyll go to the movies. 6. Fred wont teach the class. 7. It will be windy. 8. The sun will shine ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________

Practice: Escucha el reporte del clima y elabora tu propio pronstico. L-15Inter


This is the Channel 8 weather forecast with Carol Gates. In the Southeast it will be cloudy and it might rain tomorrow in the morning but in the afternoon itll clear up. You should probably bring your umbrella just in case. In the northern United States theres a 50% chance of snow. It might snow in the afternoon but itll stop by evening. In the East were expecting a big storm tomorrow. Well have showers in the East tomorrow night and we might have some lightning. In the Northwest itll be cold tomorrow with a chance of snow again. Theyve had a lot of snow this week. In the Southwest itll be beautiful tomorrow. Itll be sunny and clear so enjoy your day.

Escribe tu propio pronstico del clima

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Captulo IV: Primer co ndicional

L10A

4.0 PRIMER CONDICIONAL La oracin condicional, esta dividida en dos partes, la primera esta en presente y la segunda en futuro. Una de esas partes se conoce como parte condicional e incluye el condicional IF, la otra parte se conoce como clusula resultante. Las partes estn separadas por una coma cuando la clusula condicionante esta al inicio. Revisa los ejemplos

-If she eats all the ice cream, she will be happy- si ella come todo el helado, ella estar feliz

CONDICION

RESULTADO

She will be happy if she eats all the ice cream- Ella estar feliz si come todo el helado.

RESULTADO

CONDICION

Vocabulary: puedes practicar pronunciacin en leccin 10 nivel avanzado

Shopping Verbs
purchase - comprar return - regresar, devolver exchange - cambiar charge - cobrar, pagar con crdito bill - facturar owe - deber bargain - regatear hold - guardar en la tienda para comprar ms tarde (reservar) lay away - guardar en la tienda para comprar otro da (reservar)

Other Vocabulary
likely - probable spaceship - nave espacial charge - pagar con una tarjeta de crdito behavior - comportamiento gamble - jugar, apostar overeat - comer demasiado balm - blsamo bolster - apoyar heal - sanar regret - arrepentimiento debt - deuda trigger - desencadenar binge - borrachera item - artculo tag - etiqueta denial - negacin counsel - aconsejar warehouse - almacn urge - impulso seek buscar Loan- prestamo

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Excercises Practice (leccin 10 avanzado)


Write a sentence in the present conditional using the information provided. example If/it/rain/I/use an umbrella if it rains, I will use an umbrella.

1. If/we/drive/we/get there faster_________________________________________________ 2. If/she/call/we/pick her up_____________________________________________________ 3. They/buy a car/if/they/get the loan from the bank__________________________________ 4. If/he/get here soon/we/start the project___________________________________________ 5. He/take the medicine/if/the doctor/tell him to_____________________________________

The "Unreal" Conditional (L10A)


Usamos este tipo de condicional para hablar de cosas imaginarias o muy poco problable, usamos would en la parte del resultado y el verbo en pasado en la condicin. If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car. Si ganara la lotera, compria un carro nuevo. I would buy a new car if I won the lottery. Compraria un carro nuevo si ganara la lotera.
More Practice What would you do in these imaginary situations? Finish the sentences. There are no right or wrong answers

example If I were rich, I would travel around the world 1. If I were the president of my country,__________________________ 2. If I were the president of my country,__________________________ 3. If I were invisible,_________________________________________ 4. If I were young again,______________________________________ 5. If I could speak English perfectly,_____________________________

Making Speculations
Who is that woman? She could be a famous singer. She might be a movie star. She may be a fashion designer.

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Excercises
Instructions
Escucha el dialogo y selecciona las cosas que la gente menciona (L10A) 1. ___ Quit his job 2. ___ Buy an airplane 3. ___ Travel 4. ___ Eat in expensive restaurants 5. ___ Buy a hotel Dialog Lee el dialogo y practica en pareja. JANE - This is Channel 7 reporter Jane Larson reporting from the Quicky Mart on the big multi-million dollar jackpot prize in tomorrows lottery. This is the biggest jackpot ever in lottery history in this state. People are already lined up to buy tickets. Lets talk to some of them. Hello sir. MAN Hello. JANE How long have you been waiting in line to buy tickets? MAN For a half an hour now. JANE Wow! What would you do if you won the jackpot? MAN First, I would quit my job. (laughing) Then Iwould buy a big house on the beach with a swimming pool in the back yard. Id hire a full-time maid to clean the house and a cook to prepare all of the food. Id buy a new car, maybe a sports car, and Id buy a big boat. Id take my friends out fishing every day. JANE Well, good luck. What about you maam? What would you do with all of the money? WOMAN Id travel around the world. Id go to Italy first, then Greece. Maybe Id spend some time in France and England. Id also travel to Asia, maybe China and Japan. Id stay in all five-star hotels and eat in expensive restaurants. JANE Good luck to you. So if youre going to buy a lottery ticket youd better hurry. The drawing is tomorrow at 7:00 PM.

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Presente perfecto
Vocabulary: Escuchalo en leccin 10 nivel intermedio Irregular Past Tense Verbs Other Vocabulary
grow - grew (crecer) hear - heard (or) hold - held (detener) keep - kept (mantener, guardar) let - let (dejar, permitir) set - set (colocar) shake - shook (temblar, agitar) stand - stood (parar) sweep - swept (barrer) throw - threw (tirar) air bags - bolsas de aire seat - asiento elderly - anciano lady - dama, mujer hardly ever - casi nunca deal - trato might - quizs negotiate - negociar smart - inteligente purchase - comprar rate - tarifa

Present Perfect
El presente perfecto lo usamos para hablar de cosas que iniciaron en el pasado, continuan en el presente y puede que continuen en el futuro. Por ejemplo Martha ha esperado el autobs desde las 7 Affirmative/Negative He has walked. (He's walked.) She It He has not walked. (He hasn't walked.) She It They have walked. (They've walked.) I You We They have not walked. (They haven't walked.) I You We Question Has he walked? she it
Short Answers

- Yes, he has. - No, he hasn't.

Have they walked? I you we


Short Answers

- Yes, they have. - No, they haven't.

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Presente perfecto
El presente perfecto se forma con el verbo auxiliary have / has y el verbo principal en pasado participio. En su forma negativa se agrega not (ve el cuadro de la pagina anterior) El pasado participio de los verbos irregulares es igual al pasado simple (terminacin ed)

Practice
Contesta las preguntas segn sean o no verdaderas. Usa respuestas cortas ever = alguna vez 1. Have you ever been in the United States? _____________________________ 2. Have you ever bought a pencil? ______________________________________ 3. Have you ever seen a movie in English? _______________________________ 4. Have you ever gone to Australia? ____________________________________ 5. Have you ever been in Colima? ______________________________________ 6. Examples of Irregular Participles Verb be (ser) see (ver) go (ir) do (hacer) buy (comprar) Participle been seen gone done bought

Practice
Write sentences in the present perfect (only use the contraction in the negative like the examples) 1. He/work in Guadalajara 2. They/not/go to Canada 3. She/finish her homework 4. We/go to Chicago He has worked in Guadalajara They havent gone to Canada _________________________________ _________________________________

5. They/not/do their homework _________________________________ 6. The teacher/work at that school ______________________________ 7. William/not/call her 8. I/not/buy a new car 9. He/go to church 10.You/buy a computer _________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________

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Excercises
Practice
Write sentences that are true for you (only use the contraction in the negative like the examples). Example go to Canada 1. see a famous person 2. be in a big airport 3. buy a computer 4. go to Colima 5. work in a restaurant Posibles respuestas I have gone to Manzanillo -o- I havent gone to Manzanillo ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ _______________________________________________

Instructions
Fill in the irregular verb forms Verb see go meet give buy come drink eat do fly Past Past participle

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Excercises

Already & Yet


La palabra Already significa ya en Espaol y se pone despus del auxiliar have/has y antes del verbo principal. I have already finished. (Ya he terminado.) La palabra Yet significa todava en Espaol y se pone al final de la frase I haven't finished yet. (No he terminado todava.)

Practice
This is Tammy's shopping list. Make sentences about what she has and hasn't bought. She has already bought the things that are crossed out (tachado). Tammy's Shopping List 1. bread 2. milk 3. meat 4. apples 5. broccoli 6. pasta 7. ice cream 8. cereal

Examples bread milk


1. meat 2. apples 3. broccoli 4. pasta 5. ice cream 6. cereal

She hasnt bought bread yet. She has already bought milk.
______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

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Excercises
Instructions (L10 Inter)
Listen to the dialog and answer the question What's the final price of the car?
$12,000 $13,000 $13,500 $14,000 $15,000 $16,000

$16,900

Dialog Read the dialog below and practice in pairs. A This is a beautiful car. B Yeah. It comes with air bags, leather seats, air-conditioning, and a great stereo system. A How old is it? B Its only five years old. An elderly lady owned it. She hardly ever drove it. A - How much is it? B Only $16,900. A Oh. Thats too much for me. Im a college student. B Oh. Ill make a deal with you. Ill sell it to you for $15,000. A Thats still too expensive. How about $12,000. B No. I cant go that low. Since youre a student Ill give you a special deal. $14,000. A I dont know. Let me think about it. B This morning a man offered $16,000 for this car. He might come back and buy it so you should decide soon. A Well. OK. Ill take it for $13,000 B - $13,500. A Its a deal!

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Excercises

for/since
The word "for" (significa por en Espaol) is used with periods of time. I've lived here for two years. She's worked at that company for seven months. They've been here for 10 minutes. The word "since" (significa desde en Espaol) is used with the specific starting time of an activity. I've lived here since 1998. She's worked at that company since she moved to California. They've been here since 8:30. Practice Select "for" or "since" in each of the following sentences 1. She has studied at that school _______ three months. 2. Hes worked at the ABC company ______ 2005 3. Theyve been in the restaurant ______ 7:00 pm 4. Martha and Mike have been friends ______ met 5. Shes worked on that project ______ three hours. 6. Hes attended that University _____ he graduated from high school 7. Theyve been married _____twenty years 8. Weve stayed at the hotel _____ Tuesday 9. Weve lived in this house ______ a long time 10. Shes been in the classroom _____ twenty minutes.

Practicas de lab------ L10 Inter

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Listas de verbos
LISTA DE VERBOS REGULARES MS COMUNES
BASE/PRESENT PAST AND PAST PARTICIPLE SPANISH

answer ask believe brush call carry change Clean cry dance dress enjoy finish follow help hurry iron jump learn listen live laugh need open paint play rain remain remember show smell smile start stay talk try wait want

anwered asked believed brushed called carried changed claned cried danced dressed enjoyed finished followed helped hurried ironed jumped learned listened lived laughed needed apened painted played rained remained remembered showed smelled smiled started stayed talked tried waited wanted

contestar pedir, preguntar creer cepillar llamar llevar, cargar cambiar limpiar llorar bailar vestir Disfrutar terminar seguir ayudar apresurarse planchar brincar aprender escuchar, or vivir rer necesitar abrir pintar jugar llover Quedarse recordar mostrar oler sonrer empezar permanecer platicar Intentar, tratar esperar Querer, desear

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Listas de verbos
VERBOS IRREGULARES MS COMUNES
BASE/PRESENT PAST PAST PARTICIPLE SPANISH

be
begin bite break bring buy catch come cut do drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fly forget get give go grow have hear know lead leave light lose make meet put read ride run say see sell send Ingles III

was /were began bit broke brought bought caught came cut did drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forgot got gave went grew had heard knew led left lit lost made met put read rode ran said saw sold sent

been begun bitten broken brought bought caught came cut done drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forgotten gotten given gone grown had heard known led left lit lost made met put read ridden run said seen sold sent

ser ,estar empezar, iniciar morder romper traer comprar atrapar venir cortar hacer beber conducir, manejar comer caer alimentar sentir pelear encontrar volar olvidar conseguir dar ir crecer, cultivar tener escuchar saber llevar, conducir dejar, marcharse de encender, alumbrar perder hacer encontrar poner leer montar, pasear correr decir ver vender enviar 39

Workbook III

Listas de verbos
VERBOS IRREGULARES MS COMUNES
BASE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE SPANISH

shake sing sit sleep speak stand steal sweep swim take teach tell think throw understand wear write

shook sang sat slept spoke stood stole swept swam took taught told thought threw understood wore wrote

shaken sung sat slept spoken stood stolen swept swum taken taught told thought thrown understood wom written

agitar, sacudir cantar sentarse dormir hablar pararse robar barrer nadar tomar, agarrar ensear decir pensar tirar, aventar entender vestir escribir

Creditos
Gran parte de este libro de ejercicios es trabajo original de Janet Castrejn y lo puedes encontrar en http://www.inglesmundial.com

Adaptacin y desarrollo: M.C Esteban Vergara Mendoza

Se permite la reproduccin y copia de este trabajo siempre y cuando mantenga los crditos arriba sealados.

Powered by C.B.T.a 140 Coahuayana de Hgo. Mich Agosto de 2008

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