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Detailed Lesson Plan in Horticulture Sorsogon State College School of Agriculture Castilla Campus

I.

Objectives: At the end of the lesson students are expected to: a. define grafting b. enumerate the different types of grafting c. discuss the importance of grafting and its different types

II.

Subject Matter: Topic: Reference: Materials: Values: Types of Grafting Horticulture books Chalk board, Visual aids Discipline, cooperation

III.

Procedure: A. Preliminaries Prayer Checking of attendance Review the previews lesson Motivation Students activity Good morning too sir.

Teachers Activity Good morning class. Before I start with our discussion, let us have first a sort of review with regards to our previous lesson. We discussed about layering and its type. Now, what is layering?

Layering is a propagation method by which adventitious roots are induced to form a stem while it is still attached to the parent plant. Sir, the types of layering are: simple layering; air layering; compound layering; mound or stool layering and trench layering.

Thank you. How about the types?

Very good. So now lets have an activity before we proceed to our new topic.

B. Motivation Activity No. 1 I need seven volunteers to come here in front. I have here a jumbled letters. From here you will form a word related to our topic. You only have twenty seconds to do it. Ok sir.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

HWPI/TUOGEN PLISCE IDES FELTC DGEBRI KARB LADDSE

C. Lesson Proper Lets check if your answers are correct. Your answers from the activity have something to do with our topic this morning which is grafting. Anyone who has an idea of what is a grafting? Yes. Another? Class, grafting is the art of joining parts of plants together in such a manner that will unite and continue their growth as one plant. By the way class, grafting is one of the techniques in asexual propagation. In grafting, you dont only connect parts of plants together but there are two parts of plants to be considered. The SCION which is the short piece if detached shoot with one to several dormant buds. Yes. Very nice observation. Second is the ROOTSTOCK, which is the lower portion of graft which develops into the root system of the grafted plant. Yes. Another one is the INTERSTOCK; it is a piece of stem inserted between scion and rootstock. It is used to What is the use of inter stock? Sir, does it mean that scion is the upper portion of graft combination?

Sir, grafting is connecting parts of plant together.

avoid any incompatibility between scion and rootstock and/or to take advantage of its growth controlling properties. I hope you understand the parts.

ACTIVITY NO. 2 Please divide yourselves into seven groups and choose your leader. (let the group leader pick their task card) I will post on the board the meaning of each types of grafting. Then you will going to match the type of grafting that your group picked, then choose one representative to present it in front. Is my instruction clear? If yes proceed to your work now. Yes sir.

Yes sir.

Group no. 1 Whip or tongue grafting, is most commonly used to graft nursery crops or woody ornamentals. Both stock and scion has similar cuts, and should be of equal size and preferably no more than inch in diameter. Thank you group 1. Additional information, this technique is similar to splice grafting except that the whip on the rootstock holds the tongue of the scion in place and vice versa. Group no. 2 Splice grafting, a method of grafting by cutting the ends of the scion and stock completely across and obliquely, in such a way that the sections are of the same shape, then lapping the ends so that the one that was cut on the surface exactly fits the other. And securing the m by typing or otherwise. Lets give them three claps. This simple method class is usually applied to herbaceous materials that callus or knit easily, or it is used on plants with a stem diameter of inch or less. Group no. 3 Side grafting, it is the most popular way to graft conifers, especially those having a compact or dwarf form. It is usually done on potted rootstock.

Thank you group three. Side grafting was a popular technique for grafting varieties of rhododendrons that are difficult to root.

Group no. 4 Cleft grafting, it is a method for top working both flowering and fruiting tress in order to change varieties.

Thank you group four. In cleft grafting, the rootstock should range from 1 to 4 inches in diameter. The scion should be about inch in diameter, straight and long enough to have at least 3 buds.

Group no. 5 Bridge grafting, it used to bridge a diseased or damaged area of a plant, usually at or near the base of the trunk.

Very good group five. The bridge graft provides support as well as a pipeline that allows water and nutrients to move across the damaged area. Group no. 6 Bark grafting, primarily to top work flowering and fruiting trees. It can be applied to rootstock of a larger diameter (4 to 12 inches).

Nice group six. Lets give them five claps. Group no. 7 Saddle grating, the stock may be either field-grown or potted. It is often used to propagate named varieties of rhododendrons and is usually performed in gentle warmth in a greenhouse in late winter or early spring.

Thank you group seven. Lets give them six claps.

IV.

Evaluation 1. What is grafting? 2-8. Enumerate the different types of grafting. 9. Choose one from the seven types of grafting then define.

10. Which do you think among the seven types of grafting is the most easy to perform.

V. Assignment

Study about Budding.

Prepared by:

Ariel D. Bragais Student Teacher