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Regulations 2008

Curriculum

B.E. AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

SEMESTER III

S.No. Subject Code Subject L T P C

Theory

1 Transforms and Partial Differential Equations 3 1 0 4

2 Mechanics of Machines 3 1 0 4

3 Aero Engineering Thermodynamics 3 1 0 4

4 Fluid Mechanics and Machinery 3 1 0 4

5 Solid Mechanics 3 1 0 4

6 Elements of Aeronautics 3 0 0 3

Practical

7 Strength of Materials Laboratory 0 0 3 2

8 Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Laboratory 0 0 3 2

9 Thermodynamics Laboratory 0 0 3 2

Total 29

SYLLABUS

B.E. AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING

SEMESTER III

TRANSFORMS AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

UNIT I FOURIER SERIES 9

Dirichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sine

series – Half range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier Series – Parseval’s identity –

Harmonic Analysis.

Fourier integral theorem (without proof) – Fourier transform pair – Sine and

Cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem –

Parseval’s identity.

Formation of partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Solutions of standard

types of first order partial differential equations - Linear partial differential equations of second

and higher order with constant coefficients.

Solutions of one dimensional wave equation – One dimensional equation of heat conduction –

Steady state solution of two-dimensional equation of heat conduction (Insulated edges

excluded) – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.

Z-transforms – Elementary properties – Inverse Z-transform – Convolution theorem –

Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z-transform

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOK

1. Grewal, B.S, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 40th Edition, Khanna publishers,

2007.

REFERENCES

1. Bali.N.P and Manish Goyal, “A Textbook of Engineering Mathematics”, 7th Edition,

Laxmi Publications(P) Ltd., 2007.

2. Ramana.B.V., “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata Mc-GrawHill Publishing

Company limited, 2007.

3. Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics”, 3rd Edition, Pearson

Education, 2007.

4. Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics” 8th Edition, Wiley India, 2007.

MECHANICS OF MACHINES

(Common to Automobile and Aeronautical)

L T P C

3 1 0 4

UNIT I MECHANISMS 9

Machine Structure – Kinematic link – Pair – Chain – Grueblers criteria – Constrained motion –

Degrees of freedom – Slider crank and crank rocker mechanisms – Inversions – Applications –

Kinematic analysis of simple mechanisms – Determination of velocity and acceleration.

UNIT II FRICTION 9

Friction in screw and nut – Pivot and collar – Thrust bearing – Plate and disc clutches – Belt

(flat and V) and rope drives. Ratio of tensions – Effect of centrifugal and initial tension –

Condition for maximum power transmission – Open and crossed belt drive

Gear profile and geometry – Nomenclature of spur and helical gears – Gear trains – Simple –

Compound gear trains – Epicylic gear trains – Determination of speed and torque – Cams –

Types of cams – Design of profiles – Knife edged – Flat faced – Roller ended followers with

and without offsets for various types of follower motions

UNIT IV BALANCING 9

Static and dynamic balancing – Single and several masses in different planes – Balancing of

reciprocating masses – Primary balancing and concepts of secondary balancing – Single and

multi cylinder engines (Inline) – Balancing of radial V engine – Direct and reverse crank

method

UNIT V VIBRATION 9

Free – Forced – Damped vibrations of single degree of freedom systems – Force transmitted to

supports – Vibration isolation – Vibration absorption – Torsional vibration of shaft – Single

and multi rotor systems – Geared shafts – Critical speed of shaft.

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

2. Ballaney.P.L, “Theory of Machines”, Khanna Publishers, 2002.

REFERENCES

1. Rao,J.S and Dukkipati, R.V, “Mechanism and Machine Theory”, 2nd Edition, Wiley

Eastern Ltd., 2002.

2. Malhotra, D.R and Gupta, H.C., “The Theory of Machines”, Satya Prakasam, Tech.

India Publications, 2005.

3. Gosh, A. and Mallick, A.K., “Theory of Machines and Mechanisms”, Affiliated East

West Press, 2006.

AERO ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

Systems – Zeroth Law – First Law – Heat and work transfer in flow – Second law – Clausius

statement – Concept of entropy – Entropy change in non-flow processes

Otto – Diesel – Dual combustion – Brayton combustion cycles – Air standard efficiency -

Mean effective pressure – Actual and theoretical PV diagrams of two stroke and four stroke IC

Engines

Application of continuity – Momentum and energy equations – Rankine cycle – Isentropic

flow of ideal gases through nozzles – Simple jet propulsion system – Thrust rocket motor –

Specific impulse

Principles of refrigeration – Air conditioning – Heat pumps – Vapour compression – Vapour

absorption types – Coefficient of performance – Properties of refrigerants

Isentropic efficiency of air compressors

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Radhakrishnan, E, “Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics”, Prentice – Hall,

India, 2000

2. Nag. P.K., “Engineering Thermodynamics”, 7th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hills Co., Ltd.,

1993

REFERENCES

1. Mayhew, A. and Rogers, B., “Engineering Thermodynamics”, Longman Green & Co.

Ltd., London, E.L.B.S. Edition, 1990.

2. Van Wylen, G.J. and Sonntag, R.E., “Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics

(S.I.Version)”, 2nd Edition, 1986.

3. Bacon, D.H., “Engineering Thermodynamics”, Butterworth & Co., 1989.

FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY

(Common to Mechanical, Automobile, Aeronautical and Production)

L T P C

3 1 0 4

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9

Units & Dimensions – Properties of fluids – Specific gravity – Specific weight – Viscosity –

Compressibility – Vapour pressure and gas laws – Capillarity and surface tension – Flow

characteristics: concepts of system and control volume – Application of control volume to

continuity equation – Energy equation – Momentum equation – Moment of momentum

equation

Laminar flow through circular conduits and circular annuli – Boundary layer concepts –

Boundary layer thickness – Hydraulic and energy gradient – Darcy – Weisbach equation –

Friction factor and Moody diagram – Commercial pipes – Minor losses – Flow though pipes in

series and in parallel

Dimension and units: Buckingham’s П theorem – Discussion on dimensionless parameters –

Models and similitude – Applications of dimensionless parameters

Homologues units – Specific speed – Elementary cascade theory – Theory of turbo machines –

Euler’s equation – Hydraulic efficiency – Velocity components at the entry and exit of the

rotor – Velocity triangle for single stage radial flow and axial flow machines – Centrifugal

pumps – Turbines – Performance curves for pumps and turbines

Reciprocating pumps – Indicator diagrams – Work saved by air vessels – Rotary pumps –

Classification – Working and Performance curves

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Streeter. V. L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw Hill, 1983.

2. Radhakrishnan. E, “Fluid Mechanics”, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.

REFERENCES

1. Ramamritham. S, “Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Fluid Machines”, Dhanpat Rai &

Sons, 1988.

2. Kumar. K.L., “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, 7th Edition, Eurasia Publishing House

(P) Ltd., 1995.

3. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, Laxmi Publications

(P) Ltd., 2007.

SOLID MECHANICS

L T P C

3 1 0 4

Stress and Strain – Hooke’s Law – Elastic constants and their relationship– Statically

determinate cases - statically indeterminate cases –composite bar. Thermal Stresses – stresses

due to freely falling weight.

Shear force and bending moment diagrams for simply supported and cantilever beams-Bending

stresses in straight beams-Shear stresses in bending of beams with rectangular, I & T etc cross

sections-beams of uniform strength

Double integration method – McCauley’s method - Area moment method – Conjugate beam

method-Principle of super position-Castigliano’s theorem and its application

UNIT IV TORSION 5

Torsion of circular shafts - shear stresses and twist in solid and hollow circular shafts – closely

coiled helical springs.

Stresses in thin circular cylinder and spherical shell under internal pressure – volumetric Strain.

Combined loading – Principal Stresses and maximum Shear Stresses - Analytical and

Graphical methods.

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

2. Timoshenko.S. and Young D.H. – “Elements of strength materials Vol. I and Vol. II”.,

T.Van Nostrand Co-Inc Princeton, 1990.

REFERENCE

1. Dym C.L. and Shames I.H., “Solid Mechanics”, 1990.

.

ELEMENTS OF AERONAUTICS

L T P C

3 0 0 3

Brief History – Components of an airplane and their functions – Different types of flight

vehicles – Classifications – Basic instruments for flying

Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere – Temperature – Pressure – Altitude

relationships – Evolution of lift – Drag and moment – Different types of drag

Aerodynamic forces on aircraft – Classification of NACA aero-foils – Aspect ratio – Wing

loading – Mach number – Centre of pressure – Aerodynamic centre – Aerofoil characteristics –

lift – Drag curves

General types of construction – Monocoque – Semi-monocoque – Typical wing and fuselage

structure – Metallic and non-metallic materials – Use of aluminium alloy – Titanium –

Stainless steel and composite materials and smart materials

Basic ideas about piston – Turboprop and jet engines – Use of propeller and jets for thrust

production – Principles of operation of rocket and types of rockets

Total: 45

TEXT BOOK

1. Anderson, J.D., “Introduction to Flight”, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

REFERENCE

1. Kermode, A.C., “Flight without Formulae”, McGraw-Hill, 1997.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS LABORATORY

L T P C

0 0 3 2

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

2. Rockwell Hardness test

3. Tension test

4. Torsion test

5. Izod Impact test

6. Charpy Impact test

7. Reverse plate bending Fatigue test

8. Rotating Beam Fatigue test

9. Testing of springs

10. Block Compression Test

Total: 45

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

(for a batch of 30 students)

Qty

S.No Details of Equipments For Experiments

Required

1 Hardness Testing Machine 1 1, 2

2 Universal Testing Machine 1 1, 2, 3, 9, 10

3 Impact Testing Machine 1 5, 6

4 Fatigue tester- Rotating Beam 1 8

5 Fatigue tester –Reverse plate bending 1 7

FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY LABORATORY

(Common to Mechanical, Production, Aeronautical and Automobile)

L T P C

0 0 3 2

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Determination of the Coefficient of discharge of given Orifice meter.

2. Determination of the Coefficient of discharge of given Venturi meter.

3. Calculation of the rate of flow using Rotameter.

4. Determination of friction factor for a given set of pipes.

5. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Centrifugal pump

/ Submergible pump

6. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of reciprocating

pump.

7. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Gear pump.

8. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Pelton wheel.

9. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristics curves of Francis turbine.

10. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Kaplan turbine.

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

(for a batch of 30 students)

2. Venturi meter setup

3. Rotameter setup

4. Pipe Flow analysis setup

5. Centrifugal pump/submergible pump setup

6. Reciprocating pump setup

7. Gear pump setup

8. Pelton wheel setup

9. Francis turbine setup

10. Kaplan turbine setup

Total Number of Periods: 45

THERMODYNAMICS LABORATORY

L T P C

0 0 3 2

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

2. Valve timing of a 4 – stroke engine and port timing of a 2 stroke engine

3. Determination of effectiveness of a parallel flow heat exchanger

4. Determination of effectiveness of a counter flow heat exchanger

5. Determination of heating value of a fuel

6. COP test on a vapour compression refrigeration test rig

7. COP test on a vapour compression air-conditioning test rig

8. Determination of specific heat of solid

9. Determination of Thermal Conductivity of solid.

10. Determination of Thermal Resistance of a Composite wall.

Total: 45

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

Qty Experiment

S.No Details of Equipments

Req. No.

1. 4 stroke twin cylinder diesel engine 1 1

Cut section model of 4 stroke diesel engine and

2. 1 2

cut section model of 2 stroke petrol engine

3. Parallel and counter flow heat exchanger test rig 1 3,4

4. Bomb Calorimeter 1 5

5. Vapour compression refrigeration test rig 1 6

6. Vapour compression air-conditioning test rig 1 7

7. Conductive Heat Transfer set up 1 9

8. Composite wall 1 10

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