You are on page 1of 7

"TORSION9" --- SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS

Program Description:
"TORSION9" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of simplified analysis and code checking of steel beams subjected to torsional loading. Specifically, six (6) different beam and loading configurations can be analyzed / code checked per the AISC 9th Edition Allowable Stress Design (ASD) Manual. Both actual and allowable stresses are computed, with the final result being a computed "stress ratio" of actual stress/allowable stress. Finally, the total angle of twist resulting from the torsional loading is determined. This program is a workbook consisting of seven (7) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name
Doc Cantilever - Ecc. Conc. Load Simple Span - Ecc. Conc. Load Cont. Span - Ecc. Conc. Load Cantilever - Ecc. Unif. Load Simple Span - Ecc. Unif. Load Cont. Span - Ecc. Unif. Load

Description
This documentation sheet Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load at Free End Simple Span Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load Applied at Midspan Continuous Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load Applied at All Midspans Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load Simple Span Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load Continuous Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load on All Spans

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. The simplified torsion analysis used is this program is based on the following reference: USS Steel Design Manual (1981), Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10, pages 157-169), by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston 2. This program is valid for AISC W, S, M, and HP shapes. 3. This program uses the database of member dimensions and section properties from the "AISC Shapes Database", Version 3.0 (2001) as well as the AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual (1989). 4. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the AISC 9th Edition Allowable Stress (ASD) Manual (1989). 5. When the value of 'Lb' is input = 0 (or actually <= 1.0 ft.), this program will use a value = 1.0 ft. 6. This program utilizes an "Allowable Stress Increase Factor" (ASIF) which is a multiplier of any of the calculated allowable stresses Fa, Fbx, and Fby and also the Euler column buckling stresses F'ex and F'ey. It is used and appears ONLY in the stress ratio calculation. Typically a value of 1.0 may be used. However, a value of 1.333 may be used for load combinations which include wind or seismic loads. 7. This program does not calculate or check shear or deflection in member 8. This program does not consider deduction for holes in members subjected to tension. 9. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Member Size: Select: Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load Applied at Free End For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Subject: Originator: Checker:

W8x24

Member Loading: P= 0.900 e = 12.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 6.000 Lb = 12.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 7.08 d= 7.930 tw = 0.245 bf = 6.500 tf = 0.400 rt = 1.760 d/Af = 3.05 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = 5.83 fbx = 3.35 Lb/rt = 81.82 Fbx = 21.60

kips in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

82.70 20.90 18.30 5.63 0.346


259.0 24

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6

Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = P*L + wb*L^2/2 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 6.86 ft., Lu = 15.18 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 44.03 in. Mt = 4.88 ft-kips fby = 20.79 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J)) (where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi) Mt = (P*e*a/df*TANH(L*12/a))/12 (where: df = d-tf) fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.925

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0 f = (P*e*a/(J*G)*(L*12/a-TANH(L*12/a)))*180/p

4.981

deg.

2 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Simple Span Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load Applied at Midspan For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Member Size: Select:

W8x24

Member Loading: P= 2.250 e= 6.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 20.000 Lb = 20.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 7.08 d= 7.930 tw = 0.245 bf = 6.500 tf = 0.400 rt = 1.760 d/Af = 3.05 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = 12.45 fbx = 7.15 Lb/rt = 136.36 Fbx = 16.39

kips in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

82.70 20.90 18.30 5.63 0.346


259.0 24

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6 Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = P*L/4 + wb*L^2/8 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 6.86 ft., Lu = 15.18 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 44.03 in. Mt = 3.26 ft-kips fby = 13.90 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J)) (where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi) Mt = (P*e*a/(2*df)*TANH(L*12/(2*a)))/12 (where: df = d-tf) fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.951

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0 f = (P*e*a/(2*J*G)*(L*12/(2*a)-TANH(L*12/(2*a))))*180/p

7.620

deg.

3 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Continuous Span Beam with Eccentric Concentrated Load Applied at All Midspans For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Member Size: Select:

W8x24

Member Loading: P= 4.000 e= 8.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 10.000 Lb = 10.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 7.08 d= 7.930 tw = 0.245 bf = 6.500 tf = 0.400 rt = 1.760 d/Af = 3.05 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = 7.19 fbx = 4.13 Lb/rt = 68.18 Fbx = 21.60

kips in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

82.70 20.90 18.30 5.63 0.346


259.0 24

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6 Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = 0.175*P*L + 0.08*wb*L^2 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 6.86 ft., Lu = 15.18 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 44.03 in. Mt = 4.62 ft-kips fby = 19.69 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J)) (where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi) Mt = (P*e*a/(2*df)*TANH(L*12/(4*a)))/12 (where: df = d-tf) fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.920

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0 f = (P*e*a/(J*G)*(L*12/(4*a)-TANH(L*12/(4*a))))*180/p

1.853

deg.

4 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Member Size: Select: Cantilever Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Subject: Originator: Checker:

W8x24

Member Loading: w= 0.300 e = 10.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 6.000 Lb = 12.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 7.08 d= 7.930 tw = 0.245 bf = 6.500 tf = 0.400 rt = 1.760 d/Af = 3.05 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = 5.83 fbx = 3.35 Lb/rt = 81.82 Fbx = 21.60

kips/ft. in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

82.70 20.90 18.30 5.63 0.346


259.0 24

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6 Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = w*L^2/2 + wb*L^2/2 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 6.86 ft., Lu = 15.18 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy (where: df = d-tf) a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J))

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 44.03 in. Mt = 4.78 ft-kips fby = 20.37 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

(where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi)

Mt=(w/12*(L*12)*e*a/df*(TANH(L*12/a)+1/((L*12/a)*COSH(L*12/a))-a/(L*12)))/12

fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.910

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0

3.196

deg.

f = (w/12*(L)*e*a/(J*G)*(L/(2*a)-TANH(L/a)-1/((L/a)*COSH(L/a))+a/(L)))*180/p (Note: in equation above L is multiplied by 12 to convert length from feet to inches.)

5 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Member Size: Select: Simple Span Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Subject: Originator: Checker:

W8x31

Member Loading: w= 0.750 e = 10.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 10.000 Lb = 10.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 9.12 d= 8.000 tw = 0.285 bf = 8.000 tf = 0.435 rt = 2.180 d/Af = 2.30 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = 9.76 fbx = 4.26 Lb/rt = 55.05 Fbx = 21.60

kips/ft. in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

110.00 27.50 37.10 9.27 0.536


531.0 31

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6 Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = w*L^2/8 + wb*L^2/8 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 8.44 ft., Lu = 20.13 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy (where: df = d-tf) a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J))

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 50.65 in. Mt = 7.78 ft-kips fby = 20.15 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

(where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi)

Mt = (w/12*(L*12)*e*a/(2*df)*(2*a/(L*12)-1/((L*12/(2*a))*COSH(L*12/(2*a)))))/12

fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.943

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0

3.995

deg.

f = (w/12*(L)*e*a/(2*J*G)*(L(4*a)-2*a/(L)+1/((L/(2*a))*COSH(L/(2*a)))))*180/ p (Note: in equation above L is multiplied by 12 to convert length from feet to inches.)

6 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM

"TORSION9.xls" Program Version 1.0

SIMPLIFIED TORSION ANALYSIS FOR STEEL BEAMS


Continuous Span Beam with Eccentric Uniformly Distributed Load on All Spans For W, S, M, and HP Shapes and Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Member Size: Select:

W12x58

Member Loading: w= 1.000 e= 2.0000 Design Parameters: Fy = 36.00 L= 28.000 Lb = 14.000 Cb = 1.00 ASIF = 1.000 Member Properties: A= 17.00 d= 12.200 tw = 0.360 bf = 10.000 tf = 0.640 rt = 2.720 d/Af = 1.90 Results: X-axis Bending: Mx = fbx = Lb/rt = Fbx =

k/ft. in.

ksi ft. ft.

in.^2 in. in. in. in. in.

Ix = Sx = Iy = Sy = J= Cw = wt./ft. =

475.00 78.00 107.00 21.40 2.100


3570.0 58

in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^3 in.^4 in.^6 Reference for Torsion Analysis: USS Steel Design Manual (1981) Chapter 7: Torsion (Figures 7.9 & 7.10) by: R.L. Brockenbrough & B.G. Johnston

plf

66.36 10.21 61.76 21.60

ft-kips ksi ksi

Mx = 0.08*w*L^2 + 0.08*wb*L^2 (wb = beam self weight) fbx = Mx*12/Sx Note: Lc = 10.56 ft., Lu = 24.37 ft. Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12*d/Af) <= 0.60*Fy (where: df = d-tf) a = SQRT(E*Cw/(G*J))

Torsion (Lateral Flange Bending): a= 66.35 in. Mt = 8.27 ft-kips fby = 9.28 ksi Fby = 27.00 ksi Stress Ratio: S.R. = Angle of Twist: f=

(where: E = 29000 ksi, G = 11200 ksi)

Mt = (w/12*(L*12)*e*a/(2*df)*(-2*a/(L*12)+1/(TANH(L*12/(2*a)))))/12

fby = Mt*12/(Sy/2) Note: use only 1/2 of Sy Fby = 0.75*Fy

0.816

S.R. = fbx/(ASIF*Fbx) + fby/(ASIF*Fby) <= 1.0 f = (w/12*(L*12)*e*a/(2*J*G)*(L*12/(4*a)-TANH(L*12/(4*a))))*180/ p

1.871

deg.

7 of 7

2/21/2014 6:37 AM