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Smart Water for Smart Cities

Arc Flash Mitigation Enhancing Personnel Safety


Terry L. Schiazza Low Voltage Offer Marketing Seneca (SC) Plant

Sponsored by the Water Wastewater Competency Center Columbus, OH May 2013

Enhancing Personnel Safety

5-10

Five to ten arc flash explosions occur in electrical equipment every day in the United States
-According to statistics compiled by Cap-Schell, Inc., a Chicago-based research and consulting firm that specializes in preventing workplace injuries and deaths

Smart Cities are Safe Cities

Arc Flash Video

Arc Flash Characteristics

Picture from Schneider Electric 484EN Guide (Internal arc guide, theory and phenomena)

Arc Flash Mitigation Solutions


Prevention / Avoidance
System (Equipment) Design De-energize Equipment Site Safety Procedures Intelligent MCCs AF Mitigating Features Electric Operated CBs

Passive Protection
Virtual Mains Zone Selective Interlocking Bus Differential Relays Low Arc Flash CB High Resistance Grounding Arc Flash Sensing RelayVAMP technology

Passive Containment

AF

Energy Redirection Installation Considerations Plenums (ductwork) Size of Equipment Equipment location

Active Protection
Arc Flash Sensing Relay with Arc Quenching technology

Interactive Protection
Arc Flash Energy-Reducing Maintenance Switches

Arc Flash Video

North America Low Voltage Arc Resistant Offer

ANSI C37.20.7 Arc Resistant (ANSI 4 Drawout Switchgear) ANSI C37.20.1 C37.20.1Power-Zone Power-Zone 4 Drawout Switchgear

IEEE STD C37.20.7-2007


IEEE guide for testing metalenclosed switchgear rated up to 38 kV for internal arcing faults A procedure for testing and evaluating the performance of metal-enclosed switchgear for internal arcing faults is covered. A method of identifying the capabilities of this equipment is given. Service conditions, installation, and application of equipment are also discussed.
Schneider Electric SpecTech 2012, November Update

Low Voltage Switchgear Magnum DS (Type 2B) WL (Type 2B) MNS SG (Type 2B) Entellisys 4.5 (not tested to C37.20.7)
(utilizes Siemens WL, may also use Eaton Magnum DS)

Schneider Electric SpecTech 2012, November Update

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ArcBlok Patented Technology


Internal Arc Gas Management System Prevents and Controls Arcing

Cluster Shields

Cradle Barriers

Arc Ventilation

Power-Zone 4 Arc Resistant Highlights


Testing Standard
C37.20.7 UL witnessed and Certified 60 D minimum Optimized ventilation system for maximum heat transfer Baffle compartment assembly 5000A Bus and 5000A Breaker 100 kAIR up to 635 Vac Type 2B Masterpact ArcBlokTM
(patented design)

Reinforced Enclosure

Ratings

Breaker and Cradle


Cell Keying Insulated Bus Plenums Zone Selection Interlocking High Resistant Grounding Energy Reduction Maintenance Switch (AMS) Breaker Remote Racking
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Optional Features

Schneider Electric SpecTech 2012, November Update

What is the Standard for Low Voltage Motor Control Centers?

Low Voltage Motor Control Center


A Standard Dilemma.Resolved
There currently is no Standard or Guide for testing Low Voltage Motor Control Centers for internal arcing faults however based on recent decisions within IEEE, AR MCCs will now be covered in Annex H of the standard. The most important test parameters for determining equipment capability is establishing The preferred rated arcing duration test (H.3) The means of establish an arc to produce enough ionized gas quickly enough to prevent premature extinction at lower voltages (H.4) Current discussions within the working group indicate that the minimum arcing duration test will be no less than 100ms

IEEE PC37.20.7, Draft 4 Apr. 2013, Annex H Purpose of the Annex is to provide specific information for test sample configuration, testing methods, test assessment, and additional ratings that are specific to MCCs (UL845)

Terry Schiazza and Rick Tanner are active members of the IEEE PC37.20.7 Working Group

Low Voltage MCC FlashGard (with arc flash features) ArcShield (tested to C37.20.7-Type 2A) Tiastar (tested to C37.20.7-Type 2A, UL test-validated) Evolution E9000 (no advertised offer) MNS (tested to C37.20.7)

Schneider Electric SpecTech 2012, November Update

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Internal Arc Gas Management


Ventilated Mid-Shelf

Vertical Bus Isolation

Shroud Power Stabs

Model 6 Arc Resistant Highlights


Metal Control Station Plate

Testing Standard
C37.20.7 (Annex H) UL witnessed

Reinforced Enclosure
12 gauge steel Additional hardware Metal Control Station Plate Filter box (VFD) Baffle compartment assembly Additional top mid bracket Filter Box for Thermal Ventilation

Ratings
65 kAIR @ 600 Vac Type 2A 100 ms (Stage 1) 500 ms (Stage 2) 2000A Bus (Stage 1) 2500A Bus (Stage 2)

Reinforced door with hinges

Optional Features
Insulated Bus Automatic Bus Shutters Plenums

Additional bottom mid bracket

Clip on Fast Lead Screws

Appendix