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# 954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012

## cychin 1 acs ipoh

1. The functions f and g are defined as
f : x
x
1
, x
g : x x ln , x
+

(a) State the ranges of f and g . [2 marks]

(b) If h is the composite function gof, find the function h. [2 marks]

(c) Show that h(x) + g(x) = 0. [1 mark]

1(a)
R
f
= {y : y > 0}
R
g
= {y : y }
B1
B1

(b)
gof(x) = g (

)
= ln(

) or ln x

M1

h : x ln x , x > 0 A1
(c) h (x) + g(x) = ln x + ln x
= 0
A1
[5]

2. (a) Given

=
|
.
|

\
|
0
3
1
i
i
p = ( )

=
+
10
3
3 1
j
j where p is a constant.

Find the value of p. [3 marks]

(b) Use the binomial theorem to expand
x
x

+
1
1
as a series of ascending powers of x up to and
including the term in x
2
, where x <1.

Hence, by substituting x =
10
1
, show that
200
663
11 ~ . [6 marks]

2(a)
{(

} = {

OR
( )

= 8 + 3{3 + 4 + 5 + . . . + 9 + 10}

B1

Either one

= 164
M1

p =

A1
(b)
( )

( )

= (

) (

()

()

)
= (

) (

()

()

)

M1M1

Correct binomial expansion
1 + x + x
2
A1

(

= (

1 +

+ (

)
3 (

B1

M1

A1

Subst. x =

[9]
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 2 acs ipoh
3 Matrices P, Q and R are
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

3 2 2
2 1 1
2 1 0
,
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

15 22 8
3 8 7
33 34 14
and
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

2 6 2
3 3 3
6 6 6
respectively.
Find
12
1
PQR and deduce R
-1
. [4 marks]

Hence, solve the system of linear equations x + y z = 8
-4x +4 y +4 z = 0
x + 3y +z =10 [5 marks]

3
PQR = (

)(

)(

)

= (

)(

)

M1

Correct QR

= (

)

or
PQR = (

)(

)(

)

= (

)(

)

M1

Correct PQ

= (

)

PQR = (

)

A1

PQR = - 9 I

R
-1
= -

PQ
= -

(

)
=
(

M1

A1

By adjusting the system of linear equations : B1 Able to rearrange the system
of equations

(

)(

) (

)
B1

(

(

)(

)

M1

Reject all other methods.

= (

)

A1

x = 1, y = 4, z = -3 A1 [9]

954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 3 acs ipoh
4 Given that the real numbers r and u , where r > 0 , - t u t < < ,

r cosu + 2r
2
cos2u + 3r
3
cos3u = 0 and r sinu + 2r
2
sin

2u + 3r
3
sin3u = 0.

By writing z = r (cosu + i sinu ) and using De Moivres Theorem, show that z = ) 2 1 (
3
1
i . [5 marks]

Determine the value of r and the two possible values of tanu . [4 marks]

4
r cosu + 2r
2
cos2u + 3r
3
cos3u = 0 (1)
r sinu + 2r
2
sin

2u + 3r
3
sin3u = 0. (2)

By operating (1) + i(2),
r (cosu + isinu ) + 2r
2
(cos2u + isin

2u ) + 3r
3
(cos3u + isin3u ) = 0

M1

r (cosu + isinu ) + 2r
2
(cosu + isinu )
2
+ 3r
3
(cosu + isinu )
3
= 0
M1 Using De Moivres
theorem
z + 2z
2
+ 3z
3
= 0 A1

OR z = r (cos + i sin )
z
2
= r
2
(cos 2 + i sin 2) and z
3
= r
3
(cos 3 + i sin 3) M1 Using De Moivres
theorem
2z
2
= 2r
2
(cos 2 + i sin 2) and 3z
3
= 3r
3
(cos 3 + i sin 3) M1
z + 2z
2
+ 3z
3
= 0 A1

z (3z
2
+ 2z + 1) = 0

z 0, z =

( )
M1

A1

| z | =

B1

tan =
(

or tan =
(

M1

tan = - tan =
A1A1 [9]

5 A curve has the parametric equations x = 8 cosu + 3 and y = 4 3 sinu where t u t s < .
Show that the curve is an ellipse and find its vertices, centre and foci. Sketch the ellipse. [9 marks]

5
By using cos =

and sin =

with sin
2
+ cos
2
= 1,
B1 Eliminating parameter
()

()

= 1

M1
Using trig. identity
()

= 1
the curve is an ellipse.

A1

Centre is (3, 0) A1
The vertices are (-5, 0) and (11, 0) A1A1
The foci are (7, 0) and (-1, 0) A1
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 4 acs ipoh

D1

D1

Ellipse shape (dependent on
the correct equation above)

All his points shown and
labeled.

[9]

6 Find the value of o for which the vectors a = 3i - 4j + k and b = i + 2j + o k are perpendicular.
Hence, find | a - b |. [4 marks]

6 By using a b = 0,

(

) (

) = 0
= 5

M1

A1

a - b = (

) - (

)

M1

= (

)

| a b | =
=

A1

Accept 7.48
[4]
7 (a) Solve for x the equation sin 2x = 3 cos
2
x, giving all solutions between 0
o
and 360
o
correct to
the nearest 0.1
o
. [5 marks]

(b) Express 2 cos x + 5 sin x in the form r cos ( x - ) o , where r >0 and 0<o < t
2
1
.
Hence, find the maximum value of 2 cos x + 5 sin x and the corresponding value of x in the
interval t 2 0 s s x . [6 marks]

Sketch the curve y = 2 cos x + 5 sin x for t 2 0 s s x . [2 marks]

By drawing an appropriate line on the graph, determine the number of roots of the equation
2 cos x + 5 sin x = 1, in the interval t 2 0 s s x . [2 marks]
7(a) 2sin x cos x - 3cos
2
x = 0 B1
cos x (2sin x - 3cos x) = 0 M1 Reject division by cos x

cos x = 0 or tan x =

M1

x = 90 , 270 or x = 56.3 , 236.3 A1
x = 56.3, 90 , 236.3 , 270 A1 All correct

(b)
2cos x + sin x r cos x cos + r sin x sin

r sin =
r cos = 2
B1 Both

r = 3, tan =

M1
x
y
(3, 0)

(7, 0)
(11, 0)
(-1, 0) (-5, 0)
(3, 4)
(3, - 4)
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 5 acs ipoh
r = 3, = 0.841 radians. A1 Both

2cos x + sin x = 3 cos (x 0.841)
A1

max value is 3 B1
when cos (x 0.841) = 1 x = 0.841radians. B1

D1

D1

M1

A cosine curve with a max.
and a min. turning point.

Initial and final points and
his max. point.
line y = 1
There are 2 roots. A1 Dependent on correct graph.
[15]
8 The line l has equation r =
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
0
1
2
5
0
5
, .
(a) Show that l lies in the plane whose equation is r . 5
0
2
1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
. [3 marks]
(b) Find the position vector of A, the foot of the perpendicular from the origin O to l. [4 marks]

(c) Find an equation of the plane containing O and l. [4 marks]
(d) Find the position vector of the point P where l meets the plane t whose equation is r . . 11
2
2
1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

[4 marks]
8(a)
r = (

) + (

) and r (

) = -5

By using r n = d,
(

) (

) = -5

B1

-5 2 + 2 = - 5 for all values of . M1
line l lies on the plane. A1

(b)

= (

) +
1
(

),
1

) = 0

(

) (

) = 0

B1

10 + 4
1
+
1
= 0 M1
y
x
3
2
-3
y = 1

(0.841, 3)
(2, 2)
954/1 Mark Scheme Trial 2012
cychin 6 acs ipoh

1
= -2

= (

) - 2(

)
= (

)

M1

A1

(c)
n =

)
= |

|

M1

= (

)

A1

equation of plane is r (

) = (

) (

)
r (

) = 0 or 5x + 10y + 5z = 0

M1

A1

Accept r (

) = 0

(d) Since P is on line l,

= (

) +
2
(

),
2

Given that r . . 11
2
2
1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

(

) . . 11
2
2
1
=
|
|
|
.
|

\
|

B1

5 + 2
2
+ 2
2
+ 10 = 11 M1

2
= - 1 A1

= (

) - 1(

)
= (

)

A1

[15]