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CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world, then the implementation of the K-12 education plan in the Philippine Education Curriculum is the key to our nations development (Nelson Mandela). Though the government will face many problems in the long run of the implementation of the program, there really is a need to implement it because the enhancement of the quality of our education is very urgent and critical. The program aims to uplift the quality of education in the Philippines in order for graduates to be easily employed. The program also aims to meet the standards required for professionals who would want to work abroad. Most importantly, the system aims to fully enhance and develop the students in order for them to be well-prepared especially in emotional and cognitive aspects. Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community, while this may be true, our current education system hinder us in becoming more competitive among other countries and the K-12 education plan offers a great solution to that problem. Remember, if we want change in our society, we must start it with our education system.

Background of the study Almost every person understands about the present schooling technique that regulates the community faculties. This technique is already popularly known as the Ktwelve schooling. There are thirteen grades that make up the K-twelve system commencing from kindergarten up to twelfth grade, hence the name K (kindergarten) to twelve (12th grade). This type of schooling technique is not just utilized in United States. Even those who are dwelling in United Kingdom, Canada, and other parts of Europe use the K-twelve at the very same time. A mother or father can decide on no matter whether they want their kids to get the K-twelve from a non-public or a public establishment. There are some dad and mom who enroll their dad and mom as early as 4 or 5 several years previous, which is nonetheless their choice. But by the time the little one gets 6 years aged, parents will be needed by their neighborhood state to enroll the child in a faculty presenting the Ktwelve education and learning whether they like it or not. Nonetheless, the compulsory college age in some states is 7 or 8 several years previous. This compulsory education started thanks to the regulation that was made in 1918. Unfortunately, this need only covers the young children studying in elementary. That is why there are some parents, specially these who are fiscally inapte, who choose not to allow their kid continue to increased ranges such as large college. There are also some students who feel that given that they already realized the essentials of reading through and composing.

The K-twelve technique prior to is not what it is right now. It presently went by means of a good deal of alterations considering that it the US Department of Education was established in 1979. The said section has been performing this in buy to satisfy the changing demands in the education and learning. But regardless of the modifications, one particular issue stays the same. The K-12 education and learning nevertheless requirements monetary support especially the schools that are positioned in city districts.

Theoretical Framework This study is based on the framework of k to 12 education. Comparative education is the study of different countries education systems. Michael Sadler was one of the first and most influential comparativists in education. Sadler found comparative education valuable for a number of reasons. Sadlers research allows researchers to describe education systems, processes, and outcomes. Moreover,

comparativeeducation can be used to support the development of education institutions and practices. From a humanistic perspective, comparative education can be used to emphasize relationships between education and society. Lastly, comparative education creates global truths about education that are valid in more than one country. Though, in studying other education systems, Sadler emphasized that one must not forget the effect of culture on an education system (Bereday, 1964). Studies of comparative education have found that k to 12 education is a helpful tool for various reasons. It is beneficial to evaluate why and how one country has had success in education as to

produce a possible solution for a failing system. Researchers, also highlight the influence of culture on an education system. The Comparative and International Education Society, continues research in hopes of producing cross-cultural

understanding and to further students achievement and development across the world. K to 12 education is reflected in this project by our purpose

Conceptual framework The conceptual framework of the study is a system that shows that the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of age, gender, civil status, school last attended and educational attainment will experience and undergo the K to 12 education and it will successfully show that K to 12 curriculum will bring development in our education system.

Demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: Age Gender

Quality and attainable curriculum

K to 12 education

Figure 1. (The Feasibility of K12 Program as alternative source to Foundation of Education)

Statement of the Problem The study will focus on the initial implementation of the K to 12 program as an alternative source to foundation of Education. The K to 12 curriculum focuses on the holistic development of the learner. The results of the study will serve as basics for the learners and teacher for higher education, middle level skills, employment and entrepreneurship. Specifically, it aims to answer to the following sub-problems: 1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1 Age; 1.2 Gender; 1.3 Civil Status; 1.4 School Last Attended; 1.5 Educational Attainment? 2. Why is K to 12 program better than the current program in terms of: 2.1 Universal Kindergarten 2.2 Contextualization and enhancement; 2.3 Spiral Progression; 2.4 Mother tongue based multi-lingual education;

2.5 Senior High School; and 2.6 College and Livelihood readiness 3. How will the K to 12 program help students to pursue higher education? 4. How will teachers be prepared for the K to 12 program?

Hypothesis The basic hypothesis of this study is that there is no significant relationship between the way of teaching through K to 12 and present curriculum. Teachers generally follow the tactic of asking students to work on a lot of assignments since it develops an intellectual, yet interesting learning habit. Through this education system, all students are given individual attention and hence they understand their subjects in a more practical way.

Scope and Limitations of the Study The study will attempt to assess the feasibility of K12 program as an alternative source to foundation of education. The respondents of the study were composed of 121 randomly selected students which comprise the 15% of the total population. Benigno Ninoy S. Aquino High School is where the study was being conducted. The result of this study is applicable only to the respondents of this study and should not be used as

a measure of the effect of K12 program as an alternative source to foundation of education.

Definition of terms The following terms are used operationally in this research paper .Aptitude Test It refers to a standardized test designed to measure the ability of a person to develop skills or acquire knowledge. Aptitude test assumes that individuals have inherent strength and weaknesses. K12 It refers to the kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. It is a short form for the publicly-supported school grades prior to college. Modular system It refers to the system wherein students are given learning modules they can bring home for self study. Curriculum It refers to the courses offered by an educational institution. It refers to the means and materials with which students will interact for the purpose of achieving identified educational outcomes. Tertiary Education It refers to the higher education. It is the level of education covering post secondary education. Retention It refers to the repeating of an academic year in school. It is called grade retention or being held back.

Vocational or Technical Education It refers to the post secondary educational with non-degree programs leading to one, two or three year certificate in preparation for a group of middle level occupations.

Significance of the Study The following persons and institutions are the benefactors of this research study: Benigno Ninoy S. Aquino High School. This study will improve the school in the development of education. This study will foster new ways of enhancing knowledge and skills thus, preparing globally competitive graduates in the future. Teachers. The results of this research study may give insights which would encourage them to plan projects designed to improve their teaching methods. By this study, they will come up with easier and powerful teaching. For them to build up ideas what plans to be implemented for the students. Parents/Guardians. The findings of the study will help the parents who have chosen to embrace the concept of K to 12 curriculum. The proposed study would allow the parents to become more aware of the benefits of the said curriculum, thus giving them encouragement to support their children in adjusting with the adversities of implementing K-12. Students. This study will provide information regarding the K12 curriculum. This study will evaluate the academic performance and the quality of education rendered in the

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given time frame. Data gathered will also help the students improve both academic and skills performance. Future Researchers. The research study provides them the idea on K12. This would allow them to furnish additional data that would be valuable for the future generations.

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