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# DESIGN AID J.

2-1
Conditions for Analysis by the Direct Design Method
13.6.1

For a panel with beams between supports on all sides, Eq. (13-2) must also be satisIied:

0 . 5 2 . 0
2
1 2
2
2 1
s
o
o
s

f
f

where
s cs
b cb
f
I E
I E
= o Eq. (13-3)
=
c
E modulus oI elasticity oI concrete (8.5.1)

c c
f w ' 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI
=
s b
I I , moment oI inertia oI beam and slab, respectively (see Design Aid J.2-5)
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DESIGN AID J.2-2
Definitions of Column Strip and Middle Strip
13.2

-Middle strip
-Middle strip

1
Column strip
Minimum of
1
/4 or (
2
)
A
/4
Minimum of
1
/4 or (
2
)
B
/4
(
2
)
A
(
2
)
B
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DESIGN AID J.2-3
Definition of Clear Span,
n

13.6.2.5
1

1
65 . 0 >
n

0.89h
h
0.93h
h
h
h
h
h

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DESIGN AID J.2-4
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6

Flat Plate or Flat Slab
Flat Plate or Flat Slab with Spandrel Beams
See Design Aid J 2-6 for determination of
t
|
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DESIGN AID J.2-4
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6
(continued)

Flat Plate or Flat Slab with End Span Integral with Wall

Flat Plate or Flat Slab with End Span Simply Supported on Wall

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DESIGN AID J.2-4
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6
(continued)

Two-Way Beam-Supported Slab

Notes:
- M
o
is deIined per 13.6.2
See Design Aids J 2-5 and J 2-6 for determination of
f
o and
t
| respectively
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DESIGN AID J.2-5
Effective Beam and Slab Sections for Computation of Stiffness Ratio
f
o
C C

2
h
a
b
b
eff
= b + 2(a h) s b + 8h
Beam, I
b
Slab, I
s

2
h
a
b
Beam, I
b
Slab, I
s
CL
beff = b + (a h) s b + 4h

Interior Beam Edge Beam

s cs
b cb
f
I E
I E
= o Eq. (13-3)

=
c
E modulus oI elasticity oI concrete (8.5.1)

c c
f w ' 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI

3
2
12
1
h I
s
=

2
3
2
3
2 12
1
2
) ( ) (
12
1
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
b eff eff b b
y
h
a h b h b
h a
y h a b h a b I

where

( )
) (
2 2
2
h a b h b
h a
b h
a h b
y
eff
eff
b
+
+ |
.
|

\
|

=
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DESIGN AID J.2-6
Computation of Torsional Stiffness Factor,
t
| , for T- and L-Sections
C C

2
h
a
b
b
eff
= b + 2(a h) s b + 8h

Interior Beam

Case A
3
63 . 0 1 2
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
A
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

Case B
3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
B
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

= C maximum oI
A
C and
B
C
s cs
cb
t
I E
C E
2
= | Eq. (13-5)
where 12 /
3
2
h I
s
= and
c c
f w E ' = 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI (8.5.1)

x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
y
2
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
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2
h
a
b
CL
beff = b + (a h) s b + 4h
DESIGN AID J.2-6
Computation of Torsional Stiffness Factor,
t
| , for T- and L-Sections
(continued)

Edge Beam

Case A
3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
A
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

Case B

3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
B
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

= C maximum oI
A
C and
B
C
s cs
cb
t
I E
C E
2
= | Eq. (13-5)
where 12 /
3
2
h I
s
= and
c c
f w E ' = 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI (8.5.1)
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
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DESIGN AID J.2-7
Moment Distribution Constants for Slab-Beam Members without Drop Panels*

1 1
/
N
c
2 2
/
N
c
StiIIness Factor,
NF
k
Carry-over Factor,
NF
C
Fixed-end Moment
CoeIIicient,
NF
m
0.10
0.10 4.18 0.51 0.0847
0.20 4.36 0.52 0.0860
0.30 4.53 0.54 0.0872
0.40 4.70 0.55 0.0882
0.20
0.10 4.35 0.52 0.0857
0.20 4.72 0.54 0.0880
0.30 5.11 0.56 0.0901
0.40 5.51 0.58 0.0921
0.30
0.10 4.49 0.53 0.0863
0.20 5.05 0.56 0.0893
0.30 5.69 0.59 0.0923
0.40 6.41 0.61 0.0951
0.40
0.10 4.61 0.53 0.0866
0.20 5.35 0.56 0.0901
0.30 6.25 0.60 0.0936
0.40 7.37 0.64 0.0971

Slab-beam stiIIness
1
/
sb cs NF sb
I E k K =
Fixed-end moment
2
1 2

u FN
q m FEM =

* Applicable where (1)
1 1 F N
c c = and
2 2 F N
c c = and (2) a uniIormly distributed load
u
q
acts over the entire span length. See PCA Notes on ACI 318-11 Ior other cases, including
constants Ior members with drop panels.

1

2 N
c
1 N
c

2 F
c

1 F
c
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DESIGN AID J.2-8
Stiffness and Carry-Over Factors for Columns*

c
H /
StiIIness Factor,
AB
k
Carry-over Factor,
AB
C
1.05 4.52 0.54
1.10 5.09 0.57
1.15 5.71 0.60
1.20 6.38 0.62
1.25 7.11 0.65
1.30 7.89 0.67
1.35 8.73 0.69
1.40 9.63 0.71
1.45 10.60 0.73
1.50 11.62 0.74

Column stiIIness:
( )
( )

=
=
c c cc BA
BA
c
c c cc AB
AB
c
I E k K
I E k K

/
/

* See PCA Notes on ACI 318-11 Ior other cases, including Iactors Ior members with drop
panels and column capitals.
H
A
B
c

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