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PROGRAMMING SUSTAINABLE LOCAL DEVELOPMENT ANNEX 3 BibliographY and

A HANDBOOK FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA

further resources

UNDP RBEC November 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Why Sustainable Local Development for UNDP? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Chapter 2: Setting up a Sustainable Local Development Programme. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Chapter 3: Management Recommendations and Project Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

PROGRAMMING SUsTAINABLE LOCAL DEVELOpMENT: A HANdBOOK FOR EAsTERN EUROpE ANd CENTRAL AsIA - ANNEX 3 - BIBLIOGRAphY ANd FURThER REsOURCEs

Chapter 1. Why Sustainable Local Development for UNDP?


United Nations (1987). Report on the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future/The Brundtland Report The Brundtland Report is considered as the rst major UN publication on future threats, sustainable development and the role of the international community. It examines common challenges, putting emphasis on environmental issues but also connecting it with other issues including population growth, food security, biodiversity, energy, urbanization, more ecient industry, etc. The report launched the concept of sustainable development, making proposals for institutional and legal change and a call for action to dene the way forward. The report and its ndings led to the rst Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and to the formulation of Agenda 21. Available online at: http://conspect.nl/pdf/Our_Common_Future-Brundtland_Report_1987.pdf United Nations (June 2012). The Future we want This outcome document of the Rio+20 conference acknowledges the main thematic areas and crosssectoral issues, namely poverty eradication, food security, energy, sustainable transport, sustainable cities, health and the promotion of full and productive employment, and decent work for all. Further, the report describes the sustainable development goals (SDGs) process and the requirements to make them a reality. Available online at: http://www.uncsd2012.org/thefuturewewant.html UNDP (2010). What will it take to achieve the Millennium Development Goals? An International Assessment United Nations (1992). Agenda 21. The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action, adopted by more than 178 governments at the UNCED conference in 1992, to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations system, governments, and major groups in every area in which humankind has an impact on the environment. The agenda covers social and economic dimensions, conservation and resource management, focuses on strengthening the role of major groups and outlines means of implementation. The agenda discusses combating poverty, changing consumption patterns, health and environmental protection, biodiversity but also how to strengthen major groups, such as farmers, communities, workers and indigenous people, and makes recommendations on how to implement actions for sustainable development. The implementation of these principles at local level is called Local Agenda 21 (LA 21). Available online at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf

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Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) (2001). The Well-Being of Nations: The Role of Human and Social Capital The purpose of this report is to describe the latest evidence covering investment in human capital and its impact on growth and well-being, to describe the novel concept of social capital and to identify the roles of human and social capital in realizing sustainable development. Available online at: http://www.oecd.org/site/worldforum/33703702.pdf United Nations (2011). Trends in Sustainable Development Towards Sustainable Consumption and Production 2010 2011 This report highlights trends in resource extraction and use as well as key stresses on the worlds ecosystems and life-support systems to which human activities are contributing and their key drivers. The report also describes policy and voluntary responses in order to reduce use of resources, emissions and waste (sustainable procurement; eciency standards for automobiles, appliances and new buildings; feed-intaris; subsidies for greener products, fair trade-labels etc.) and outlines examples from all over the world. See the role of governments and local authorities: pp. 1314. Available online at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=400&nr=15&menu=35 United Nations (2011). Trends in Sustainable Development Chemicals, Mining, Transport, Waste Management 2010 2011 Highlights trends with respect to the sustainable management of chemicals, mining, transport and waste. It emphasizes the key positive contributions these sectors can make to sustainable development, while also pointing to areas where they pose risks and sustainability challenges. The report also points out the necessity of enhancing the participation of all stakeholders, including local and indigenous communities and women. See the role of local governments: p. 11. Available online at: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=400&nr=28&menu=1572 Sustainable Development Commission (2010). The Future is Local. Empowering communities to improve their neighbourhoods This report advocates an integrated, area-based approach to retrotting buildings and upgrading community infrastructure. It outlines recommendations for sustainable neighbourhoods, the benets for communities working in an integrated and area-based way (e.g. energy production from waste) and provides recommendations for governments on how to encourage, enable and empower communities and local governments and how to enable integrated neighbourhood retrot. It includes several case studies of cities in the United Kingdom provide examples of sustainable cities and concludes by giving funding options. See the role of local authorities: p. 70. Available online at: http://www.sd-commission.org.uk/publications.php?id=1093

PROGRAMMING SUsTAINABLE LOCAL DEVELOpMENT: A HANdBOOK FOR EAsTERN EUROpE ANd CENTRAL AsIA - ANNEX 3 - BIBLIOGRAphY ANd FURThER REsOURCEs

United Nations (2010). Local Governance and Climate Change. A Discussion Note: December 2010 Besides distinguishing between local governance and local governments, this discussion note deals with questions about how local governments can interface with climate change and why, explains local revenues and discusses key entry points. The nal section of the note looks at key entry points for enhancing the way in which local governments address climate change, and how external support might be helpful. See local options and climate change: chapter 4 and 5/p. 12. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/climate_change/ sub-national_initiatives/local-governance-and-climate-change-a-discussion-note/ Assembly of European Regions. Rio+20 Declaration of Regions. Regions are leading the way in green economy. A declaration on the need for immediate action, sustainable development and the creation of a green economy in order to mitigate the eects of climate change. The Assembly of European Regions commits itself to preparing this transition without disrupting growth and to taking several actions, such as the reduction of energy consumption, the improvement of energy eciency, reporting on the progress of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and engagement in decentralized inter-regional cooperation activities. Available online at: http://www.aer.eu/leadmin/user_upload/Commissions/CultureEducation/ClimateChange/ Regions_Final_Declaration_Rio_20_EN.pdf Janez Potonik (8 February 2012). Seminar on the results of SWITCH-Asia and its applicability to other regions in the world Janez Potonik, the European Commissioner for Environment, Sustainable Consumption and Production as a Vehicle for Green Growth, talks about the importance of switching to an economy capable of providing economic well-being and health for everyone, whilst using fewer resources and with less impact on natural capital and ecosystems. He mentions the power of partnerships and reects on Rio+20 and the SWITCH programme. Available online at: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/12/73&format=HTML&aged=0&langua ge=EN&guiLanguage=en United Nations Environmental Programme, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives -ILEI (2003). Tourism and Local Agenda 21. The Role of Local Authorities in Sustainable Tourism Based on a study of hands-on experience by local communities, this document covers the role of local authorities with respect to tourism and LA 21, lists the key components of an LA 21 approach to tourism, including structures, strategies and actions, and gives recommendations for promoting the use of LA 21 in tourism management. Available online at: http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/3207-TourismAgenda.pdf

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UNESCO (2002). Education for Sustainability. From Rio to Johannesburg: Lessons learnt from a decade of commitment A report on the lessons learnt about the contribution of education to sustainable development since Rio 1992. It focuses on basic education, education for rural transformation and lifelong learning but also mentions the need to reorient existing education policies, programmes and practices so that they build the concepts, skills, motivation and commitment needed for sustainable development. Available online at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001271/127100e.pdf University of Central Asia (UCA) (2011). Central Asia. From Rio 1992 to 2012 and beyond: Sustainable Mountain Development This report aims to provide an illustrated overview of trends, challenges and projects in the sustainable mountain development of Central Asia since 1992, to highlight selected achievements and lessons learned by various stakeholders and to identify opportunities. It discusses changes and trends such as the transition to national governance, political and economic inuences, eects of climate change and natural disasters, roads, new opportunities in tourism, tapping the vast potential of energy resources, but also environmental legacies and institutions and governance. Case studies complete the picture of sustainable mountain development. Available online at: http://www.ucentralasia.org/downloads/CENTRAL%20ASIA%20FINAL%20Central-Asia-Mountains.pdf UN DESA (2011). Keeping track of our changing environment: From Rio to Rio+20 This report compiles relevant statistical data on population, climate change, energy and food security, etc., and paints a picture of the current environmental landscape, spotlighting challenges ahead. Available online at: http://www.slideshare.net/undesa/keeping-track-of-our-changing-environment-from-rio-to-rio20 United Nations (2012). Sustainable Energy for all. A Global Action Agenda. Pathways for Concerted Action toward Sustainable Energy for All This document on the United Nations Secretary-Generals campaign on sustainable energy for all lists action areas, an implementation roadmap and points out the important role of regional and local governments on energy matters, especially in the context of urbanization, transportation and the composition of regional energy action plans. See the role of local governments: pp. 10-11 Available online at: http://www.un.org/wcm/webdav/site/sustainableenergyforall/shared/Documents/SEFA-Action%20 Agenda-Final.pdf

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European Commission (2013). Local Authorities in partner countries for enhanced governance and more effective development outcomes. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions The European Commission prepared a communication on local authorities in development, which will be approved by all major organs of the EU and will be relevant for further EC policy direction in support to local authorities. The paper emphasizes the importance of local authorities, outlines why they hold a special institutional responsibility in development and how and why they can act as catalysts in change while building trust among stakeholders and supporting national development and poverty reduction programmes. Available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2013:0280:FIN:EN:PDF Global Forum on Local Development (2010). Pursuing the MDGs through Local Government. Kampala, Uganda Over 600 participants from 81 countries discussed whether and how local governments are underexploited as engines for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and which concrete steps need to be taken to unleash their potential. The conclusion of this forum was that local governments often have a comparative advantage in delivering the basic social services (including health, education, water and sanitation, promoting local economic development, climate change adaptation, natural resource management, gender equity, peace and state-building in post-conict situations) which MDG attainment depends on. Furthermore, it was stated, that local level service delivery has the potential to be cost-ecient and sustainable, even where capacity is currently low. Also, local knowledge gives local governments an edge in terms of coordinating and implementing holistic interventions that exploit interlinkages across all MDGs, and the local governments proximity to the people fosters accountability, better governance and democratic learning. Available online at: http://www.uncdf.org/gd/en/index.php Nikkhah, H.A. and Redzuan, M.B. (2010). The Role of NGOs in Promoting Empowerment for Sustainable Community Development. Journal of Human Ecology, 30(2): 85-92 The paper attempts to illustrate the contribution of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to sustainable community development and outlines their various programmes, functions and roles. Available online at: http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/JHE/JHE-30-0-000-10-Web/JHE-30-2-000-2010-Abst-PDF/JHE30-2-085-10-2023-Nikkhah-H-A/JHE-30-2-085-10-2023-Nikkhah-H-A-Tt.pdf

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United Nations Committee for Development Policy (2012). The United Nations Development Strategy beyond 2015 This policy note proposes principles and policy alternatives for a post-2015 development agenda, taking lessons learned from the MDG experience and taking the key development challenges that have emerged in recent years into account. The post-2015 development framework should incorporate the core principles articulated in the Millennium Declaration and be built around the central objective of expanding peoples freedoms in a sustainable and equitable way with security from adverse shocks. Available online at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/cdp/cdp_publications/2012cdppolicynote.pdf United Nations (2012). From Transition to Transformation: Sustainable and Inclusive Development in Europe and Central Asia This report examines the global policy changes required to ensure a sustainable future for people today and for generations to come. It calls for a transformation to integrated policy making, where social equity, economic growth and environmental protection are approached together. The report also gives an overview of the situation in the region and potential risks of not accelerating the pace towards sustainable development, outlines the cross-sectoral policy mix and changes in consumption, production and investment patterns, and explains the social dimension of a green economy. Available online at: http://www.un.org.mk/en-publications-full/items/report-from-transition-to-transformation-sustainableand-inclusive-development-in-europe-and-central-asia.html UNDP (2012). The Power of Local Action. Lessons from 10 Years of the Equator Prize An overview of award-winning case studies on community-based action in environment and development, including analysis, trends and twelve lessons learned on local best practice and guidance for advancing community innovation in the future. The report mentions catalysts for local collective action, like environmental threats, gaps in health services, education, clean water or electricity, lack of legal entitlements and property rights as well as the desire to take advantage of new opportunities. Those catalysts show specic needs and challenges and are therefore an important barometer for development support. The report emphasizes the importance of the social strand and the close connection between the environment and community-driven rural development and the economy, technology, conservation and the ecosystems. It underlines that traditional knowledge should not be ignored, but connected to modern knowledge, institutions, management and governance systems. Finally, the report discusses the importance of partnerships to enable, sustain and scale up community-based initiatives. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/ ecosystems_and_biodiversity/local-action-for-sustainable-development-lessons-from-10-years1/

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UNDP (2012). The Power of Local Action. Learning from Communities on the Frontline of Sustainable Development A report about case studies of local projects, including the UNDPs contributions, such as the Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP), the Equator Initiative and the Community-Based Adaptation Programme, and the central role of local organizations. The report provides lessons learned from local development, recommendations for development programmes and a basic agenda for action on the part of governments, donors, NGOs, the private sector and development partners to provide an enabling environment for local action, and to frame a commitment to encouraging and learning from local solutions. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/ ecosystems_and_biodiversity/community-based-sustainable-development-lessons/ UNDP (2011). Living with HIV in Eastern Europe and the CIS This report aims to show the human face of the HIV epidemic and proposes eective policy measures to overcome this challenge. Available online at: http://issuu.com/undp_in_europe_cis/docs/living_wtih_hiv_ee_cis UNDP (2010). Enhancing Womens Political Participation: A Policy Note for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States Based on evidence and collected and analyzed regional data, this report presents the current status of and opportunities for womens participation in leadership and decision-making processes in the region. Available online at: http://issuu.com/undp_in_europe_cis/docs/enhancing_womens_political_participation Brainerd, E. for UNDP (2010). Human Development in Eastern Europe and the CIS Since 1990 This paper examines changes in human development in Eastern Europe and the CIS since 1990. Three main areas of human development in the region are discussed in detail: (i) changes in wage and income inequality; (ii) trends in mortality and life expectancy; and (iii) changes in political participation and empowerment. Available online at: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2010/papers/HDRP_2010_16.pdf Centre for Social and Economic Research (2008) The economic aspects of the energy sector in CIS countries. European Economy. Economic Papers. 327. This report analyses the macroeconomic aspects of energy sector development in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries. It also briey covers selected aspects of European Union (EU)-CIS energy relations, looking at the potential of the CIS region as a source of energy supplies for the EU and at energy policy options in the CIS. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_nance/publications/publication_summary12684_en.htm
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UNDP, UNEP, OSCE (2003). Addressing Environmental Risks in Central Asia An overview on environmental issues in ve Central Asian countries addressing the issue at national and sub-regional level. Available online at: http://www.envsec.org/publications/Addressing%20environmental%20risks%20in%20Central%20 Asia_English.pdf European Environmental Agency (EEA) (2007). The pan-European environment: glimpses into an uncertain future, EEA Report 4/2007 Maps of natural resources and potential of renewable energy sources in Europe and Central Asia. Available online at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/eea_report_2007_4 The World Bank (2012). Lights Out? The Outlook for Energy in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and Energy Reform in Romania A presentation on the energy future of and potential energy scarcity in the region. Available online at: www.worldbank.org/eca/energyreport UNDP (2012). Opportunities for Roma Inclusion. Development and Transition, special issue, 19/2012 This special issue raises the question of how to dene the Roma universe, takes a look at the way forward for Roma integration, outlines local involvement and introduces education indicators. Available online at: http://issuu.com/undp_in_europe_cis/docs/undp_dt_news_19_web The World Bank (2011). The Jobs Crisis. Household and Government Responses to the Great Recession in Eastern Europe and Central Asia This report shows how the crisis has been felt by households, how governments reacted ad how their responses, such as social policy reforms and initiatives, could be improved in the future. Available online at: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/11/000386194_20 110411025804/Rendered/PDF/608090PUB0Jobs10Box358332B01PUBLIC1.pdf

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Commission of the European Communities (2008). Regions 2020. Demographic Challenges for European Regions This paper explores the main underlying factor inuencing the magnitude of regional variations of population change in Europe and examines the implications of demographic change for regional growth, equity and environmental sustainability. First, the paper describes how Europe stands with regard to global population growth, explicitly comparing with the European CIS region and South East Europe. It examines the variations in the main components of population change, namely fertility, life expectancy and net migration, and shows the inuence of factors such as gender, health, disability and the demographic patterns of ethnic groups. Finally, the economic, social and environmental implications of demographic change are explored. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/dococ/working/regions2020/pdf/regions2020_demographic.pdf The European Commission (2009). Regions 2020. The Climate Change Challenge for European Regions How do are socio-economic conditions inuenced by climate change, and which regions are aected the most? Those questions are answered by this report, which also summarizes the main ndings regarding changes in climate conditions in Europe, drawing preliminary conclusions with regard to the impact of climate change on regional growth potential, sustainability and the quality of life. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/dococ/working/regions2020/pdf/regions2020_climat.pdf Delphi International Ltd. in association with Ecologic GMBH (1997). The role of financial institutions in achieving sustainable development. A report to the European Commission. Analyzing the dierent roles of investors, banks, insurance companies, etc., this report outlines the importance nancial institutions have for sustainable development: as investors, innovator, valuers, powerful stakeholders, polluters and also victims. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/nserv/total.pdf Council of the European Union (2006). Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy The renewed strategy adds the challenge of sustainable production and consumption and includes the global dimension. Available online at: http://www.sd-network.eu/pdf/quarterly%20reports/EU_SDS_nal_version_2006_June26_en.PDF European Commission (2009). Review of the European Union Strategy for Sustainable Development This review reports on the policy developments carried out at European level following the adoption of the European Union Strategy for Sustainable Development. Available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52009DC0400:EN:NOT
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Commission of the European Communities (2005). Draft Declaration on Guiding Principles for Sustainable Development This declaration sets out the long-standing commitment of the European Union to sustainable development as a key principle for all the other policies. Available online at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2005:0218:FIN:EN:PDF Eurostat. Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) The Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) in a report published by Eurostat every two years. Available online at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/sdi/indicators European Commission (2012). From Policy to Action: An Outline of EU External Aid for Sustainable Development This publication gives an overview of the EUs contribution to sustainable development, examples of already existing projects as well as future goals. Available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/what/sustainable-development/documents/ rio+20_outreach_brochure_en.pdf International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives ICLEI (2012). Local Sustainability 2012. Taking stock and moving forward This study provides an overview of the implementation of LA 21 and focuses on the role of local governments during the last two decades in global action for sustainable development, looking back at achievements and proposing recommendations for the future. Furthermore, ve main types of local sustainability processes (local government strategy, civil society strategy, concerted action, national policy and international cooperation) are analyzed. Available online at: http://local2012.iclei.org/local-sustainability-study/ The World Bank. International NGOs in Europe and Central Asia A very extensive list of international NGOs, their focus areas and countries of activity. Available online at: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/ECAEXT/0,,contentMDK:20513289~pagePK:146 736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:258599,00.html

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The Council of Europe, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities (1997). Resolution 54 on sustainable development at local and regional levels Already in 1997, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe (CLRAE) developed a resolution on sustainable development at local and regional levels. This declaration stresses that local and regional authorities are essential partners in the achievement of sustainable development and states several objectives. Among others, they include the areas of biodiversity, attainment of social justice, improvement of quality of life, the preparation of local and regional governments for the LA 21 process and establish strategies for involving communities. Available online at: https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=848869&Site=COE The European Union (2012). Handbook for Local and Regional Authorities: Delivering on the Europe 2020 Strategy The document aims to provide clear explanations on how local and regional authorities can contribute to the implementation of the strategy. It capitalizes on examples of good practice collected through the surveys conducted by the Committee of the Regions (CoR) Europe 2020 Monitoring Platform or existing databases of good practices managed by the European Commission. Also, it gives a non-exhaustive picture of existing and accessible information, good practices, sources of nancing and other policy instruments related to the Europe 2020 Strategy. Available online at: https://portal.cor.europa.eu/europe2020/news/Pages/Europe2020HandbookLRAs.aspx

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Chapter 2. Setting Up a Sustainable Local Development Programme


The World Bank. Authors Maksym Ivanyna, Anwar Shah (2012). How Close Is Your Government to Its People? Worldwide Indicators on Localization and Decentralization Available online at: http://elibrary.worldbank.org/content/workingpaper/10.1596/1813-9450-6138 UNDP Oslo Governance Centre (2012). Institutional and Context analysis: Guidance Note Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/Democratic%20Governance/OGC/UNDP_ Institutional%20and%20Context%20Analysis.pdf UNISDR (2013). Making Cities Resilient: A Toolkit for Local Governments The toolkit explains why disaster risk reduction should be among the top priorities of local government authorities; what are the strategies and essential actions; and how to incorporate disaster risk reduction into action plans that will make the community, municipality or city more resilient to disasters. Available online at: http://www.unisdr.org/campaign/resilientcities/toolkit UNDP (2013). Green Jobs for Women and Youth. What Can Local Governments Do? Local governments play a critical role in building pathways for sustainable development and are well placed to promote opportunities for green jobs. This paper discusses current employment trends of women and youth and examines what local governments can do to ensure women and youth have access to jobs that are decent and do not harm the environment. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/poverty-reduction/ participatory_localdevelopment/green-jobs-for-women-and-youth--what-can-local-governaments-do-/ Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses. Global Environmental Change. Volume 16, Issue 3, pp. 253-267. This article presents the origin of the resilience perspective and provides an overview of its development. The resilience approach emphasizes non-linear dynamics, thresholds, uncertainty and surprise, how periods of gradual change interplay with periods of rapid change and how such dynamics interact across temporal and spatial scales. Serious attempts to integrate the social dimension are currently taking place in resilience work. Recent advances include understanding of social processes such as social learning and social memory, mental models and knowledge-system integration, visioning and scenario building, leadership, agents and actor groups, social networks, institutional and organizational inertia and change, adaptive capacity, transformability and systems of adaptive governance that allow for the management of essential ecosystem services. Available online at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378006000379
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United Nations (2007). Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies. Third edition. The publication presents the third set of Indicators of Sustainable Development and provides suggestions on how to adapt them to national conditions and priorities. The indicators are directly related to Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation as well as to the MDG indicators. The role of indicator frameworks is briey discussed and guidance on applying and adapting the CSD indicators for the development of national indicator sets is provided. Available online at: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/natlinfo/indicators/guidelines.pdf United Nations System Staff College. Barriers To Team Success This presentation provides an overview of teamwork, giving examples, which barriers could arise, the role of teamleaders and tips on how to motivate others and how to overcome communication problems to successfully complete projects in a team. Available online at: http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/unssc/unpan010503.pdf UNDP Stakeholder Analysis Tool A tool to examine how changes in programme and project management are perceived by stakeholders in order to understand their concerns and interests. The respective inuence and attitudes of stakeholders are mapped and prioritized. Available online at: http://ppmtoolkit.undp.org/1c_Stakeholder_Analysis_Tool.cfm The European Union, Committee of the Regions (2012). Building a European Culture of Multilevel Governance: Follow-up to the Committee of the Regions White Paper. Available online at: http://cor.europa.eu/en/activities/governance/Pages/white-pape-on-multilevel-governance.aspx The European Union, Committee of the Regions. (2011). Territorial Pacts: Making the Most of Europe 2020 through Partnership Available online at: https://portal.cor.europa.eu/europe2020/news/Documents/Territorial%20Pacts%20Brochure%20for%20 the%20WEB.pdf

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Lister, S., UNDP Oslo Governance Center (2012). Democratic Governance and Sustainable Human Development: Moving beyond business as usual UNDP (2006). Practice Note: Capacity Development This practice note provides a basic overview of core capacity issues to focus on in a development context, why such capacities are important and how external partners can support countries eorts to further deepen and utilize such capacities. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/capacity-building/ capacity-development-practice-note/ UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre (2011). Assessment of UNDP Local Development Projects in Europe and the CIS Hartmann, A., Linn, J. (2008). Wolfensohn Center for Development. Scaling Up. A Framework and Lessons for Development Effectiveness from Literature and Practice Based on a review of scaling-up literature and practice, this paper develops a framework for the key dynamics that allow the scaling-up process to happen and explores the possible approaches and paths to scaling up, the drivers of expansion and of replication, the space that has to be created for interventions to grow, and the role of evaluation and of careful planning and implementation. Additionally, a number of lessons for the development analyst and practitioner are drawn. Scaling up is about political and organizational leadership, about vision, values and mindset, and about incentives and accountability all oriented to make scaling up a central element of individual, institutional, national and international development eorts. The paper concludes by highlighting some implications for aid and aid donors. Available online at: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2008/10/scaling-up-aid-linn Linn, J. (2010). Scaling Up Development Interventions: An Exploratory Review of UNDPs Country Program inTajikistan This paper presents the results of a review of UNDPs programme of support for Tajikistan from a scaling-up perspective. The review aimed to assess whether and how UNDPs overall country programme (Action Plan 2010 2015) and selected individual programmes and projects address the scaling-up opportunities and challenges and to recommend how UNDP might adapt its operational approaches to reinforce its scaling-up objectives. Furthermore, the review provides an example for other UNDP country programmes for enhancing their focus on scaling-up. Available online at: http://www.undp.tj/les/TAJ%20Scale%20Up%20Report%20nal%20_2_.pdf United Nations (2011). Results-based management Handbook This handbook aims to provide UN funds, programmes and specialized agencies with common ground for supporting national programme planning, implementation monitoring and reporting based on best practices in the results-based management eld. It contributes to harmonizing the UN business practices contributing to national eorts for achieving development results, provides a common framework for inter-agency collaboration and increases the quality and eectiveness of UN-supported interventions for achieving sustained results.
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Available online at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/program/dwcp/download/undg_rbm1011.pdf LAUNCH Innovator Forum LAUNCH is a global initiative to identify and support the innovative work that contributes to a sustainable future and looks for solutions to meet urgent challenges facing our society. NASA, USAID, the US Department of State and NIKE joined together to form LAUNCH and to organise forums on such pressing topics as energy access, health, water and waste, inviting innovators to present their projects, technologies or models. Available online at: http://launch.org UNDP, European Research Network (EMES) (2008). Social Enterprise: A new model for poverty reduction and employment generation. An examination of the concept and practice in Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States This paper contains the results of a two-year research project comprising several phases, including a preliminary study to map the situation of social enterprises in twelve countries, the outcome of a multistakeholder seminar and three national reports. The ndings show that the role of social enterprises appears to be marginal in the region in comparison with that in Western Europe. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/poverty-reduction/inclusive_development/ social_enterpriseanewmodelforpovertyreductionandemploymentgenera/ FutureGov FutureGov is a digital innovation space/company to identify challenges and work with users to dene and deliver solutions in order to improve and innovate local public services. One of their projects is the Simple Challenges platform, a social innovation marketplace that matches ideas for social change with resources and people who are eager to make changes. It supports social innovators to make connections with people in local councils and organisations, and to reach out to their community, local businesses and entrepreneurs for ideas to tackle social and urban challenges. Available online at: http://wearefuturegov.com/ UNDP (2012). Powerful Synergies. Gender Equality, Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability This publication is a collection of contributions by gender and sustainable development experts who explore the interconnections between gender equality, economic development and environmental sustainability. The expert contributions provide insights, critiques, lessons learned and concrete proposals for promoting gender equality and womens empowerment in international and national sustainable development activities. The paper addresses gender issues within and across the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/gender/Gender%20and%20Environment/PowerfulSynergies.pdf
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Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) (2012). Public Procurement of Energy Efficient Products: Lessons from Around the World. Technical Report 003/12 Focusing on energy ecient purchasing (EEP), this report assesses global experiences in this area and outlines challenges, making comparisons with the more common green procurement. Interviews with experts reveal the cost and environmental benets of EEP, that there are a growing number of EEP programmes in developing countries and that most governments do not have explicit enforcement mechanisms to ensure that all purchases meet the policy mandates. The report concludes that EEP policies and programmes can be an eective way to promote energy ecient products by leveraging a governments purchasing power and inuence. Available online at: http://www.esmap.org/sites/esmap.org/les/ESMAP_EECI_PublicProcurement-EEProducts_TR00312_Optimized_0.pdf Akram, S. (2008). Human Resource Development through Foreign Aided Projects in Azad, Kashmir. National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan. Available online at: http://prr.hec.gov.pk/Thesis/264S.pdf UNDP (2010). User Guide, Municipal Service Delivery Capacity Assessment: Turkey and the Western Balkans Available online at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/152396608/Methodology-for-the-assessment-of-municipal-capacities-inTurkey-and-the-Western-Balkans UK Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004). Planning for Renewable Energy: A Companion Guide to Planning Policy Statement 22 Available online at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/le/7779/147447.pdf German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (2011). Renewable energy resources: a future regional planning task Available online at: http://regionale-energiekonzepte.de/media/Engl_Franz_Faltblatt/ ErneuerbareEnergien2011_english_bf.pdf Mundia M., KEPA (2009). Organisational capacity assessment. An introduction to a tool Written from the point of view of a southern NGO, this paper focuses on the internally driven OCA processes and takes the OCA tool of Pact Zambia as a case study to follow the process from the beginning to the end to help visualize the dierent steps that are included in the assessment process. Available online at: http://www.kepa./tiedostot/julkaisut/organisational-capacity-assessment.pdf

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UNDP (2010). Users Guide to Civil Society Assessments This guide includes several examples, a source guide of currently available civil society assessment methods, and information from assessments that have already been implemented. It can serve as a resource for developing new assessment tools or adapting existing assessment approaches to specic contexts. Available online at: http://www.gaportal.org/resources/detail/users-guide-to-civil-society-assessments UNDP. A Users Guide to Measuring Local Governance Responding to an increasing demand for guidance on tools and methods to measure, assess and monitor governance at the local level, this guide provides more than 20 ready-made tools for assessing local governance. The rst part outlines what is meant by local governance and describes the kinds of issues, concepts and priorities for local governance that existing measurement and assessment tools tend to focus on, and discusses challenges and opportunities for assessing local governance. The second part describes already existing assessment tools and methodologies. Available online at: http://www.gaportal.org/resources/detail/a-users-guide-to-measuring-local-governance Northern Virginia Hazard Mitigation Plan Update (2011). Chapter 5: Capability Assessment Several communities of Northern Virginia conducted an assessment to identify the current capacity to mitigate the eects of natural hazards. This assessment includes a comprehensive examination of administrative capability, technical capability, planning and regulatory capability and scal capability. The report provides an example of how to carry out capacity assessment related to natural hazards. Available online at: http://alexandriava.gov/uploadedFiles/re/info/NOVAHMPChapter5.pdf Economic Development Toolkit. Northeastern University, Boston, United States The Economic Development Self-Assessment Tool (EDSAT) is an online self-assessment tool for evaluating and interpreting local characteristics and processes directly linked to the factors aecting a municipalitys potential to attract private investment. This examination tool helps public ocials explore their own potential as well as their relative capacity to overcome problems. Available online at: http://www.northeastern.edu/dukakiscenter/resources/economic-development-self-assessment-tool/

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The Cities Alliance (2007). Understanding your Local Economy A Resource Guide for Cities The Cities Alliance, a global coalition of cities and their development partners committed to calling up successful approaches to urban poverty reduction, published this guidebook in order to make guiding principles and basic tools for local economic assessments accessible to cities. The guide provides references to local economic development (LED) toolkits and training manuals and provides background information and advice on why a local economic assessment is needed as a rst step in a city development strategy. It identies the most important economic indicators and describes tools for data collection and analysis. Available online at: http://www.citiesalliance.org/led-publication Lusthaus, C., Adrien, M-H., Anderson, G. et al. Inter-American Development Bank, International Development Research Center Ottawa (2002). Organizational Assessment. A Framework for Improving Performance This book contains a set of usable tools that organizations in developing countries can employ to assess their current performance and to improve it. Topics covered are organizational performance (eectiveness, eciency, relevance, nancial viability, etc.), environment (political, social, cultural, economic, etc.), organizational capacity (strategic leadership, human resources, nancial management, infrastructure, etc.) and organizational motivation (mission, incentives, etc.). Available online at: http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=419402 Booth, W., Morin, R. (1996). Assessing Organizational Capacity through Participatory Monitoring: and Evaluation: Handbook. Prepared for the Pact Ethiopian NGO Sector Enhancement Initiative This organizational capacity assessment tool is a very compact tool especially designed for assessing the capacity of smallholder organizations to provide business services to their members and is used by USAID and the World Bank. Six capacity areas, namely governance, operations and management, human resources development, nancial management, business services delivery and external relations are examined. Available online at: http://quest.usaid.gov/node/1975 Austrian Federal Chancellery, Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (2011). Standards of Public Participation. Recommendations for Good Practice. Available online at: http://www.partizipation.at/standards_pp.html

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Chapter 3. Management Recommendations and Project Document


UNDP (2010). Measuring Capacity This paper presents a framework for better dening, capturing and communicating capacity development results and has the creation of national development goals in mind. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/capacity-building/undppaper-on-measuring-capacity.html UNODC, European Union. Examples of Completed VE Project Logframes, Budgets and Workplans. Project Objective, Outcomes and Outputs This paper gives a short but very comprehensible overview of the dierence between project objectives, outcomes and outputs and their connection. Further, it provides examples of complete logframes. Available online at: http://www.unodc.org/southernafrica/en/veptech/services-to-victims-of-crime-and-violence.html The World Bank. MDF Tool: Indicators This tool gives an overview on the general denition of indicators and their position in the project cycle, dierent types of indicators. It also guides on the steps in the formulation of indicators and explains their characteristics (SMART). Available online at: http://www.toolkitsportdevelopment.org/html/resources/40/408CC56F-509A-40D8-BE46-D7EEB4261F97/10%20Indicators.pdf International Fund for Agricultural Development. Annotated Example of a Project Logframe Matrix: A Guide for Project M&E This annex focuses on agricultural development and provides examples of complete logframes, including inputs, outputs, targets and indicators for agricultural development projects. Available online at: http://www.ifad.org/evaluation/guide/annexb/b.htm UNIFEM. A framework for linking output and outcomes budgeting and gender responsive budgets The publication focuses on gender aware outputs and outcomes and performance budgeting. It gives guidelines on developing gender sensitive indicators, gives examples for output and outcome indicators and explains their limitations (p. 56 ). Available online at: http://www.unwomen.org/~/media/Headquarters/Media/Publications/UNIFEM/ BudgetingForEquity1stHalf.pdf

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UNDP (2011). Supporting Transformational Change. Case Studies of Sustained and Successful Development Cooperation This report gives guidelines to development practitioners and reects UNDPs experience, work and the general development process over the past 50 years. It and presents some successful case studies and lessons learned from around the world. The case studies present a variety of development work ranging from democratic governance and poverty reduction and HIV/AIDS to post-crisis recovery, gender and SouthSouth cooperation. From their analysis, the report identies ten common themes and lessons pointing out the importance of national ownership, capacity development, partnerships and the larger situational context on transformational change. Available online at: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/Cross-Practice%20generic%20theme/SupportingTransformational-Change.pdf UNDP (2006). UNDP and Civil Society Organizations. A Toolkit for Strengthening Partnerships This toolkit provides practical guidance and essential information in forging partnerships with CSOs, including examples of innovative country-level mechanisms to build and strengthen collaborations. The report presents a methodology for mapping the strengths and weaknesses of CSOs and for identifying unknown civil society actors, as well as operational information on working, contracting and grant making and includes links to UNDP policies and procedures that guide engagement with CSOs. A methodology used by some country oces shows how to set up national civil society advisory committees and a model agreement to establish an exchange between communities is shown. Available online at: http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_details&gid=5715&Itemid=53 UNDP (2009). Handbook on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results The handbook addresses new directions in planning, monitoring and evaluation. Chapter 2 clearly outlines stakeholder analysis, inuence matrix and how to train stakeholders. It recognizes that results planning is a prerequisite for eective programme design, monitoring and evaluation, and integrates planning, monitoring and evaluation in a single guide. The handbook also reects the requirements and guiding principles of the evaluation policy, including national ownership, which is mainstreamed throughout the cycle of planning, monitoring and evaluation. It includes a comprehensive chapter on evaluation design for quality assurance to guide UNDP sta and evaluators in ensuring professional standards of quality in evaluation. Available online at: http://web.undp.org/evaluation/handbook/documents/english/pme-handbook.pdf

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UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre Grosslingova 35, Bratislava 81109 Slovakia Tel: +421 2 59337 111 Fax: +421 2 59337 450 http://europeandcis.undp.org