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Handbook on VEHICLE

PARKING PROVISION

in development proposals
2005 Edition

Development & Building Control Division Roads Group

PREFACE
The Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules stipulate the minimum number of parking spaces to be provided for the various land and building uses, the minimum dimensions of such parking spaces, circulation aisle, access ramps and other details on the arrangement of the parking place and spaces. It also states the conditions, including payment of money under which the Authority may grant a waiver on the parking provision. The objective of this handbook is to explain the requirements for provision of parking places and spaces stipulated in the rules and the guidelines made under the rules. Sketches and photographs are used to exemplify some of the parking requirements.

The information and materials contained in the handbook are provided as available at the time of publication.

2005 Edition

_______________________________________________________________________________________ Handbook on Vehicle Parking Provision in Development Proposals 2005 Edition

Contents Page
Guide to Users of Handbook Chapter 1 Submission Procedure 4 6 8 11 14

Chapter 2 Policy for Parking Provision Chapter 3 Computation of Minimum Number of Parking Spaces Provision Chapter 4 Parking Layout Arrangement 4.1 Car Parking Places 4.1.1 Minimum dimensions of parking stalls 4.1.2 Minimum Width of Parking Aisle 4.1.3 Minimum dimensions of Clearway Ramps and Accessways 4.1.4 Minimum dimensions of adjacent parking ramps (sloping floor) 4.1.5 Minimum headroom 4.1.6 Conditions of Parking Provision Arrangement Heavy Vehicle Parking Places 4.2.1 Minimum dimensions for heavy vehicle parking Motor-cycle Parking Places 4.3.1 Minimum dimension for motor-cycle parking stall

4.2

4.3

Chapter 5

Mechanised Parking Systems & Car Lifts 5.1 Mechanised Parking Systems 5.2 Provision of Car Lifts in Car Parking Places

35

Appendices Appendix A: Parking Provision Standards Appendix B: Map showing Zone 1 Appendix C: Maps showing Zone 2 Appendix D: Types of developments exempted from deficiency charge Appendix E: Map showing the Central Area for the rates of deficiency charge
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Guide to Users of Handbook _______________________________________________________


1. Introduction When designing a parking place, there are two important factors to consider. The first is that the parking demand must be ascertained and the second is that the layout arrangement for the number of parking spaces to be provided. Actual number of parking spaces provided in a development should be the parking demand that the use of the development will likely generate. However, the number should not be lesser than the requirement under the Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules. Heavy vehicle parking is not permitted in residential developments under the Parking Places (Parking of Heavy Vehicles) Rules. Consultants should design a parking place and its parking spaces to meet the need of the development. Where necessary, provision in excess of the minimum dimensions for driveways and parking stall size may be made. The arrangement of a parking place should harmonise with its surroundings, convenient to users and allows smooth and safe circulation of vehicles. Mechanised parking systems create more storage space for parking of cars. Car lifts replace the conventional ramp system for access to the parking place. They can be incorporated in a parking place so long as they can satisfy the guidelines and environmental need of the development. Mechanism of the parking system does not come under jurisdiction of the Authority.

Structure of Handbook Chapter 1 - Submission procedure: This chapter states the submission requirements of plans for provision of parking places and spaces. Chapter 2 Policy for parking provision: It outlines the policy for parking provision, minimum number of parking spaces to provide and the condition under which a waiver can be granted. Chapter 3 - Computation of Minimum Number of Parking Spaces Provision: This shows the method adopted to calculate the number of parking spaces required under the parking provision standards. Chapter 4 Parking Layout Arrangement: This illustrates the interpretation of the minimum parking layout dimensions of parking

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spaces, circulation aisle, access ramps and other details on the arrangement. Chapter 5 - Mechanised parking and car lifts. This provides general guidelines for provision of mechanised parking systems and car lifts. 3 Definitions Unless the context otherwise requires: Authority: means the Land Transport Authority (LTA);

Competent Authority: means the Competent Authority appointed under the Planning Act; QP: means a person who is registered as: a) an architect under the Architects Act; or b) a professional engineer under the Professional Engineers Act and holds valid practicing certificate.

All dimensions shown in this handbook are in mm unless otherwise stated.

_______________________________________________________________________________________ Handbook on Vehicle Parking Provision in Development Proposals -2005 Edition

Chapter 1 Submission Procedure

Quick preview Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules require developers to submit plans for provision of parking places and parking spaces to LTA immediately upon obtaining approval from the Competent Authority for the proposed development.

1.1

When to Submit After obtaining approval from the Competent Authority (URA), the plans for provision of parking places and spaces are to be submitted to LTA for approval.

1.2

Submission Forms Form LTA/VP-bp For the following types of developments, the plans for provision of parking places and spaces are to be submitted accompanying duly completed Form LTA/VP-bp. 1.2.1 Residential developments with indoor parking provision; 1.2.2 Commercial developments with indoor parking provision and 1.2.3 Mixed Commercial and Residential developments with indoor parking provision. Sub-division of land/building proposal is to be submitted on Form LTA/VP-bp. A certification/ undertaking that the parking place and spaces have been/will be completed at Temporary Occupation Permit stage is to accompany the submission. Where strata parking spaces are involved, a plan of the parking provision must be submitted to show the required parking spaces. Form LTA/VP-lodgement All other development proposals are to be lodged on Form LTA/VPlodgement. For such submissions, the qualified person (QP) is required to prepare the vehicle parking plans and declare compliance with the Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules when he lodges the parking plans with LTA. The vehicle parking plan is deemed approved upon lodgement of the plans. LTA will issue an acknowledgement to the QP for the lodgement of the plans.

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Form LTA/VP-csc Upon completion of the parking place and spaces, to obtain CSC clearance for Vehicle Parking please complete and submit Form LTA/VP-csc. For proposal with open surface parking spaces, photographs verifying completion of the parking spaces are to accompany the submission. Form LTA/VP-waiver The parking places and spaces provided shall comply with full requirements of with the Parking Places (Provision of the parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules. If the development is unable to comply with full requirements of the rules, please consult or ask the department for waiver /modification on the provision prior to submission. Submission for waiver/modification is to be made on Form LTA/VP-waiver. 1.3 1.4 The submissions are to comply with CORENET e-submission procedures. Processing Fees: For submission on Form LTA/VP-bp and Form LTA/VP-lodgement, a processing fee must be computed and submitted to LTA. 1.4.1 The rate of processing fee payable for new erection, amendment to approved plans, additions & alterations and change of use proposals is $10 per 100 sq m of the gross floor area involved in the proposal. The processing fee shall be rounded off to 2 decimal points and is subject to a minimum of $120. Examples of the rounding off are: If the processing fee amounts to $342.448, the processing fee payable would be $342.45. If the processing fee amounts to $342.443, the processing fee payable would be $342.44. If the processing fee amounts to $342.445, the processing fee payable would be $342.45. 1.4.2 For Regularisation of Parking Layout and Subdivision of land/building proposal, the rate is $70 per application. 1.4.3 Payment by cheque shall be crossed and addressed to Land Transport Authority. GST is not applicable. Only CTS cheque is acceptable.

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Chapter 2 Policy for Parking Provision ______________________________________________________


Quick preview Developments have to provide parking spaces to meet their own parking demand. The current parking policy enforces minimum parking provisions on developments. Deficiency charge is imposed on developers who failed to meet the parking requirement. This chapter outlines the policy and computation on the number of parking spaces a development is required to provide. 2.1 Number of parking spaces to provide The Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules requires developments to provide parking spaces in their developments to serve their own demand. The parking provision standards for the various development uses are given in Appendix A. Where a parking standard is not available for a proposed use, the QP may consult the Authority on the parking requirement. Parking requirements are usually based on the gross floor area quantum or the number of units of the development uses. Developers may provide more parking spaces than the stipulated parking standard to meet the demand of the development. Parking provision serving a development must be made concurrent or prior to the completion of the development within the site. Temporary parking provision cannot be considered as provision to meet the minimum parking requirement of a permanent development. Deletion and conversion of existing parking spaces is not permitted if it results in parking deficiency in the development. That is, after deletion and conversion, the remaining number of parking spaces must be sufficient to meet the minimum requirement of the existing, proposed and approved development. Where existing parking spaces serving building/s are temporarily displaced for construction work, interim-parking provision in the vicinity of the building/s should be provided. Use of mechanised parking system to create more storage space for cars and car lifts to replace the conventional ramps are allowed. For new parking proposals parking lots provided with approved mechanised
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parking systems, would be considered as provision for meeting the requirement under the Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules. In existing car parks, if additional parking spaces provision is made with mechanised parking system, any deficiency charges previously paid would not be refundable. Guidelines for provision of mechanised parking system and car lifts are given in Chapter5. 2.2 Range-based Car Parking Standards The rules stipulate a range-based car parking standard for non-residential developments island-wide and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 with an allowance for a lower level of provision of up to 20% below the stipulated standard. This allowance in car parking provision is not applicable to public housing. Residential developments that provide car parking spaces lesser than the number of dwelling units will have to inform buyers of the parking situation in their Sales & Purchase Agreement. 2.3 Zonal Car Parking Standards Zonal car parking requirements are stipulated for commercial and major entertainment uses. For this purpose, Singapore island is divided into three (3) zones. Zone 1 comprises of the city (Restricted Zone) and the Marina Bay. Zone 2 refers to the areas in close proximity of rapid transit system (RTS) stations outside Zone 1. The rest of the island forms Zone 3. The maps showing the Zone l and 2 are given in Appendix B and C respectively. 2.4 Deficiency charge for non-parking provision If a QP is unable to provide the required number of parking spaces in a development, he should consult LTA for waiver on the provision prior to submission of the proposed development to the Competent Authority for approval. Where site constraints make it physically impossible to make full provision, LTA may waive provision for the number of deficient parking spaces. Unless exempted under the rules (see Appendix D for the types of developments exempted), deficiency charge is required in lieu of the deficient number of parking spaces waived by LTA. Where temporary written permission is granted by the Competent Authority, the deficiency charge payable for non-provision of the required parking spaces is 20% of the full charge for each year or part thereof of the written permission. The rates of deficiency charge for non-provision of the minimum required number of parking spaces are given in Table 1.

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Table 1: Rates of Deficiency Charge Location of Development Proposal i) Within Central Area (refer to Appendix E for map of Central Area) ii) Outside the Central Area Rate of Deficiency Charge $32,000.00 per deficient car parking space. $16,000.00 per deficient car parking space. $40,000.00 per deficient lorry, loading/ unloading or coach space.

iii) Whole of Singapore

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Chapter 3 Computation for the Number of Parking Spaces Required ______________________________________________________


Quick preview This chapter explains the method of computation adopted to calculate the number of parking spaces required under the parking provision standards. 3.1 Computation of Parking Requirement The parking provision standards in Appendix A should be used to calculate the number of parking spaces to provide. The number of parking spaces required for a proposal is to be rounded to the nearest integer. It is important to note that the rounding off is done for each use before adding up to obtain the total requirement for the development. Common area shared by two or more uses, the computation is based on the main use of the development. Refer to sample computation of parking requirement in Table 2.

Table 2: Sample Computation of Parking Requirement


Usage Gross Floor area in sq.m 2,010.89 Parking Standard Number of Car Spaces required Required +Minimum Allowable Provision 13 (13.40) 4 (3.79) Number of L/U spaces required

Shops

Zone 3: 1 car space/150 sq.m 1 L/U /4,000 sq.m 1 (0.5) 0 (0.07)

Office

759.50

Zone 3: 1 car space/200 sq.m 1 L/U /10,000 sq.m (upto 50,000 sqm)

Restaurant

425.90

Zone 3 : 1 car space/150 sq.m (for 1st 150 sq m) 1 car space/50 sq.m (after 1st 150 sq m)

7 (1.0 +5.50 = 6.5)

Total Car & L/U Required

24

19

Non-residential developments and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 are allowed to provide up to 20% below the car parking requirement. This allowance is not applicable to public housing, lorry, loading/ unloading and coach parking requirements. L/U = Loading/unloading bays

3.2

For Additions/Alterations and/or Extension proposals where the floor area of the types of use of the existing development is not available, the computation for additional parking requirement will be based on the increase in floor area in the proposal.

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3.3

For Change of Use proposal, the difference in parking requirements of the proposed use and the original approved use of the development gives the additional number of parking spaces to be provided. Refer to sample car parking computation for a change of use proposal in Table 3.

Table 3: Sample Car Parking Computation for a Change Of Use Proposal.


Gross Floor area in sq.m Number of car spaces required Required +Minimum Allowable Provision 3 (3.12) 3 7 (1+6.37 = 7.37 ) 7 4 (b) (a) 3

Usage

Car Parking Standard

Original Use

Shop

468.80

Zone 3: 1 car space/150 sq.m

(a) Requirement of the existing original use Proposed Use Eating House 468.80 1 car space/150 sq.m (for 1st 150 sq m) 1 car space/50 sq.m (after 1st 150 sq m)

(b) Requirement of the new use Additional Requirement for the Change of use +

Non-residential developments and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 are allowed to provide up to 20% below the car parking requirement. This allowance is not applicable to public housing, lorry, loading/ unloading and coach parking requirements.

3.4

Development in a gazetted conservation area need not comply with the parking provision if the development is to be fully restored according to URA conservation requirements. Clearance for parking provision from LTA is not required for a fully conservation building. However, the following types of conservation developments would be required to make provision for parking: i) New development within URA's envelope control site and ii) Extension of conserved buildings. The number of parking spaces to provide shall be in accordance with the parking standards in Appendix A. Non-residential developments and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 are allowed to provide up to 20% below the car parking requirement. This allowance is not applicable to lorry, loading/ unloading and coach parking requirements. New developments are required to comply with the parking provision for the whole development within the site. For conserved buildings with rear extension that comply with URA conservation requirements, the conserved portion of the building is exempted from parking provision. However, the extension is subject to normal parking requirements. A sample computation of the car parking requirement for a conserved building with rear extension is illustrated in Table 4.

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CONSERVED PORTION

REAR EXTENSION

Table 4: Sample Computation for car parking requirement of a conserved building with rear extension.
Gross Floor area in sq.m Car Parking Standard Number of car spaces required Required +Minimum Allowable Provision

Usage

Proposed development (Whole Development)

Eating

258.90

1 car space/150 sq.m (for 1st 150 sq m) 1 car space/50 sq.m (after 1st 150 sq m) Zone 2: 1 car space/250 sq.m

3 (3.17)

Office

650.80

3 (2.60) 6 1 (0.86)

(a) Requirement of the whole development Conserved portion Eating 129.80 1 car space/150 sq.m (for 1st 150 sq m) 1 car space/50 sq.m (after 1st 150 sq m) Zone 2: car space/250 sq.m

Office

162.50

1 ( 0..65) 2 (a) (b) = 4 3

(b) Requirement of the Conserved Portion (c) Requirement of the Rear Extension

Non-residential developments and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 are allowed to provide up to 20% below the car parking requirement. This allowance is not applicable to public housing, lorry, loading/ unloading and coach parking requirements.

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Chapter 4 Parking Layout Arrangement ______________________________________________________


Quick preview The rules stipulate the minimum parking layout dimensions for the car, heavy vehicle and motor-cycle parking places. 4.1 Car Parking Places 4.1.1 Minimum dimensions of parking stalls A Parking Stall refers to the space for parking of one motor car, that is, a car parking lot. The space of the stall should be rectangular. The longer side is known as length and the shorter side is the width. In parallel parking, the longer side is parallel to the parking aisle or driveway. The minimum dimensions required of a car parking stall are as follows: Stall width: 2400 Stall length: 4800 (Diagram C-1) Stall length for parallel parking: 5400 The area of each stall shall be flat and free from kerbs and other encumbrances.
STALL

2400

4800

PARKING AISLE 2400 or DRIVE WAY

Diagram C-1:
Minimum Dimensions of Car Parking Stalls _______________________________________________________________________________________ Handbook on Vehicle Parking Provision in Development Proposals -2005 Edition

5400

PARALLEL PARKING

ANGLED PARKING

For angled parking, where a stall is adjacent to an obstruction located within the middle 2800 of the parking length, the minimum stall width shall be 2700 if obstruction is on one side and 3000 if obstruction is on both sides. (Diagram C-2 and C-3) Obstructions refer to any large element such as column, wall or duct, 175 or more above floor level.

FIG. 1: Obstructions adjacent to parking stalls refer to large elements such as wall, column and duct, 175 or more above floor level.

4800 2800

OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE

2400

2400

3000

2700

2400

AISLE Stall A : without obstruction within OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE Stall B : with obstruction within OBSTRUCTIONFREE ZONE on both sides Stall C: with obstruction within OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE on one side

Diagram C-2:
Parking stalls with adjacent obstructions (Scenario 1)

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aisle
3000 2700 2400

B
W ALL

A
2800 4800
Wall Wall

OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE

Stall A : without obstruction within OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE Stall B : with obstruction within OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE on both sides Stall C : with obstruction within OBSTRUCTION FREE ZONE on one side

Diagram C-3: Parking stalls with adjacent obstructions (Scenario 2)

For parallel parking, where cars cannot be parked by reversing, minimum stall length shall be 7200. (Diagram C-4)

PARKING PARKING STALLS

AISLE
5400 7200 CAN'T PARK BY REVERSING

2400

PARALLEL PARKING STALLS

Diagram C-4: Parking stalls that cannot park by reversing

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For parking spaces arranged perpendicular to each other, a 300mm allowance is recommended to be provided inbetween the car spaces (Diagram C-5)

300 300 300 allowance recommended

Diagram C-5: Parking stalls arranged perpendicular to each other

4.1.2 Minimum Width of Parking Aisle


A parking aisle refers to an access lane or driveway with adjacent parking stalls. Parking angle is the angle measured between the longer side of the parking stall and the line of traffic flow of the aisle. Traffic Flow refers to the direction of vehicle movement. The minimum width of parking aisle shall be as follows:
(Diagram C-6 to C-10)

Parking Angle Parallel 30 45 60 90

One-way Traffic Flow Bays on 1 side Bays on 2 sides 3600 3600 4200 4800 6000 3600 4200 4800 4800 6000

Two-way Traffic Flow Bays on 1 or 2 sides 6000 6300 6300 6600 6600

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3600 T R A F F IC F L O W

3600

6000

Bays on 1 side One-way traffic flow

Bays on 2 sides One-way traffic flow

Two-way traffic flow

Diagram C-6:
Parallel Parking Aisle

30

30

30

30

3600 TRAFFIC FLOW

4200

6300

Bays on 1 side One-way traffic flow

Bays on 2 sides One-way traffic flow

Two-way traffic flow

Diagram C-7: 30 0 -Angled Parking Aisle

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45

4 5

45

4200 TRAFFIC FLO W

4800

6300

Bays on 1 side One-way traffic flow

Bays on 2 sides One-way traffic flow

Two-way traffic flow

Diagram C-8: 45 0 -Angled Parking Aisle

60

60

4800 TRAFFIC FLOW

4800

6600

Bays on 1 side One-way traffic flow

Bays on 2 sides One-way traffic flow

Two-way traffic flow

Diagram C-9: 60 0 -Angled Parking Aisle

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6000 TRAFFIC FLOW

6000

6600

Bays on 1 side One-way traffic flow

Bays on 2 sides One-way traffic flow

Two-way traffic flow

Diagram C-10: 90 0 -Angled Parking Aisle

900-angled car parking stalls

Parking Aisle FIG. 2: Example of a parking aisle and car parking stalls

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4.1.3 Minimum dimensions of Clearway Ramps and Accessways


a) Width of straight clearway ramp and accessway : 3600 for single-lane; 3000 (per lane) for multi lanes.
(Diagram C-11 to C-12)

b) Width of inside lane of curved clearway ramp and accessway:

4200 for single-lane; 3600m (per lane) for multi lanes


(Diagram C-13 - C-18)

c) Width of outside lane of curved clearway ramp and accessway: d) Inside radius of curved clearway ramp and accessway: e) Absolute maximum gradient of clearway ramp and accessway:

4200 for single-lane 3300 (per lane) for multi lanes


(Diagram C-13 - C-18)

4500
(Diagram C-13 - C-18)

1:8.3 (12%). Preferred gradient 1:10 (10%).


(Diagram C-11 & C-19)

Clearway ramps are inclined floors that provide access between two levels. Clearway ramps are ramps that do not have parking stalls adjacent to them. Accessway refers to driveway that provides access to the parking place. These do not have parking stalls adjacent to them. Single-lane is a lane where only one vehicle can pass through at any given time. Multi-lane is where more than one vehicle can pass through at any given time and there is no physical separation/divider between the lanes. Divider may be in the form of kerbs, railings, parapet and walls. Inside lane of curve is to the innermost lane, nearest to the centre point of curve.
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Outside lane of curve refers to any lane positioned after the innermost lane. Inside radius of lane of curved accessway and driveway is the distance measured from the inside curve edge to the centre point of the curve. Maximum gradient is the steepest gradient of ramp measured along the centre line of the ramp. Gradient refers to the ratio of the inclination of the ramp (height:length).

CLEARWAY ACCESSWAY

THIS PART IS AN ACCESSWAY

Clearway Ramp 1: 8.3 (MAX)


STRAIGHT PARKING STALLS

INSIDE RADIUS Min. 4.5 m ACCESSWAY STRAIGHT

Diagram C-11: Example of Clearway Ramp and Accessway.

3600 S IN G L E L A N E

30 00 300 0 M ULTI LANE

NOTE: M o re th a n o n e L a n e is c o n s id e re d M u lti L a n e N u m b e r o f L a n e d o e s n o t d e p e n d o n th e d ir e c tio n o f T ra ffic flo w a n d h a s n o p h y s ic a l d iv id e r.

Diagram C-12: Example of straight single and multi lanes.

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Min. 3600 (single lane, on straight)

FIG. 3: Example of a single, straight lane

3600 min. Min. 3600 per lane (single-lane on straight) separated by divider
FIG. 4: Example of single, straight lanes

M in. 3000 per lane (multi-lane on straight,) no physical divider

FIG. 5: Example of a multi, straight lane

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4200 4200 Inside Outside Min. 4.5 M

DIVIDER

Single lane Single lane

Min. 4.5 M

NOTE: More than one Lane without physical separation is considered as Multi Lane and It doesn't depend on direction of traffic flow Inside Single - Lane

Diagram C-13: Example of curved single and multi lanes

FIG. 6: Example of a single, curved lane

FIG. 7: Example of a single, curved lane


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4200 Inside
Min. 4200 (Single-lane curved driveway)

Min. 4200 (single-lane, on curve)

DIVIDER 4200

DIVIDER 4200

4200 INSIDE

Min. 4.5 M

Min. 4.5 M

Diagram. C-14:
Example of curved single lane separated by physical divider

3300 3300

Inside

Min. 4.5 M NOTE: More than one Lane is considered Multi Lane Number of Lane does not depend on the direction of Traffic flow

Min. 4.5 M

Diagram C-15: Example of curved multi-lane separated by physical divider

Min. 4.5 M NOTE: More than one Lane with out physical separation is considered as Multi Lane and It doesn't depend on direction of traffic flow Outside Single - Lane

Min. 4.5 M

Diagram C-16: Example of curved outside single- lane separated by physical divider.
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3600 3300 4200 Inside Outside

DIVIDER

4200 4200 Outside

DIVIDER

4200 Inside

Inside outside lanes

DIVIDER

Outside lanes

DIVIDER

3300

3600

3600

3300

3300 3300

4200 INSIDE

No physical divider

4500 3600 clear 3300 clear (inner radius) (inner lane) (outer lane) r

Diagram C-17: Example of a U-turn (curved 2-lane ram ).

Physical Divider

4500 4200 clear 4200 clear (inner radius) (inner lane) (outer lane)

Diagram C-18: Example of a U-turn (curved single-lane ram , separated by a divider).

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wall/kerb divider

Min. 4200 Min. 4200 (Single, outer lane) (Single, inner lane)

(Inner radius
of curve)

Min. 4500

FIG.8: Example of single, curved lanes

Min. 4200 (Single curved lane) Min. 4200 (Single, inner curved lane)
Separated by wall

Min.4500 (inner radius of curve)

FIG.9: Example of single curved lanes

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TRANSITION POINT TO BE BEYOND THIS POINT

(tangent point of curve) Clearway Ramp 1: 8.3 (max) at centre of path


MP A R PARKING STALLS

Adequate transition

INSIDE RADIUS Min. 4.5 M

Diagram C-19: Example of gradient of clearway ramp The slope (gradient) of the curved ramp shall be that of the centre line of its path.

Tangent line

Tangent line

Where a curve ramp/driveway meets a straight ramp/driveway, the joint must be extended beyond the tangent point of the curve.

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4.1.4

Minimum dimensions of adjacent parking ramps (sloping floor) (Diagram C-20) a) Width of parking ramp: Same as for parking aisle in paragraph 2.1.2.
(Diagram C-6 to C-10)

b) Inside radius of curved ramp: c) Absolute maximum gradient of parking ramp

4.5m. 1: 20 (5%). Preferred gradient, 1:25 (4%).

Parking ramps are inclined floors that provide access to adjacent parking stalls. These are sloping aisles with parking stalls adjacent to them.

ADJACENT PARKING RAMPS

Max. 1: 20 (5%). Preferred gradient, 1:25 (4%).


PARKING STALLSSTALLS INSIDE RADIUS Min. 4.5

TRAFFIC Diagram C-20: Example of a parking ramp The slope (gradient) of the curved ramp shall that of the centre of its path.

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4.1.5

Minimum headroom

(Diagram C-21)

Height clearance from floor level to underside of ceiling shall be of minimum 2400. Height clearance from floor level to underside of beams, direction signs, sprinkler heads, electrical fittings and other similar projections from the ceiling shall be minimum 2200.

SLAB ABOVE IMAGINARY LINE OF HEADROOM 2200 2400 PARKING STALL


Diagram C-21: Minimum headroom clearance

Minimum 2200

FIG.10: Example of minimum headroom clearance

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4.1.6 Conditions of Parking Provision Arrangement


(Diagram C-22)

The parking stalls, width of aisles and ramps must be free from kerbs and other encumbrances. Adequate transition of ramp grades at floor levels shall be provided. This can be satisfactorily achieved by the provision of a straight slope 3.0 m to 3.6 m long at half the grade of the ramps. The slope of a curved ramp shall be that of the centre line of its path.
1:16
3000 - 3600

ADEQUATE TRANSITION

Clearway Ramp 1: 8.3 (max) at centre of path


MP A R PARKING STALLS

INSIDE RADIUS Min. 4.5 M CLEARWAY ACCESSWAY STRAIGHT

Diagram C-22

FIG. 11: Example of a parking stall encumbered by kerbs

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4.2

Heavy Vehicle Parking Provision Heavy vehicles include lorries, trailers, containers, coaches and other similar commercial vehicles. They are categorised into three groups. a) Rigid -framed vehicles of length < 7.5m b) Rigid -framed vehicles of length > 7.5m c) Articulated vehicles (eg. prime movers, 20',40' & 45' trailers) 4.2.1 Minimum Dimensions for heavy vehicle parking (Diagram H-1 to H-3) Items a) Dimensions of parking stall: - Parallel parking - Angled parking b) Width of parking aisle: - Parallel parking - 300-parking - 450-parking - 600-parking - 900-parking c) Width of clearway Accessway (per lane) - On Straight - On Curve Inside turning radius of curve e) Maximum gradient of ramp: - Straight ramp - Curved ramp
d)

Rigid -framed vehicles of length < 7.5m

Rigid -framed vehicles of length > 7.5m

Articulated vehicles (eg. prime movers, 20',40' & 45' trailers)

9.3m x 3.0m 7.5m x 3.0m


1-Way flow 2-Way flow

14.0m x 3.3m 12.0m x 3.3m


1-Way flow 2-Way flow

19.0m x 3.3m 14.0m x 3.3m


1-Way flow 2-Way flow

3.6m 3.6m 5.0m 6.5m 9.0m

7.4m 7.4m 7.4m 7.4m 9.0m

4.5m 4.5m 5.5m 7.0m 11.0m

7.4m 7.4m 7.4m 7.4m 11.0m

4.5m 7.0m 9.5m 11.0m 12.0m

7.4m 7.4m 9.5m 11.0m 12.0m

1-way traffic flow:

4.5m
2-way traffic flow:

1-way traffic flow:

1-way traffic flow:

4.5m
2-way traffic flow:

4.5m
2-way traffic flow:

7.4m 5.5m 6.0m

7.4m 7.5m 6.0m

7.4m 9.0m (6.0m for 20' trailer) 6.0m

1:12 1:15 4.2m

1:12 1:15 4.2m (exclude double decker)

1:15 1:20 4.5m (4.75m at ramps)

f) Headroom clearance

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30

30

30

30

A TRAFFIC FLOW

Diagram H-1

Example of a 300 parking. (A) refers to the width of the parking aisle. Parking aisle is a driveway with parking stalls adjacent to it.

E Single lane

Multi-lane no centre divider

Diagram H-2 Example of clearway accessway (E) refers to the width of the accessway. Clearway accessway is a driveway with no parking stalls adjacent it

On flat: Minimum 4500 On ramp: Minimum 4750

Diagram H-3 Headroom clearance for articulated heavy vehicles (eg. prime movers, 20',40' & 45' trailers)
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4.3

Motor-cycle Parking Provision 4.3.1 Minimum dimensions of motor-cycle parking stall: Preferred dimensions of motor-cycle parking stall: 800 x 2400 1000 x 2500

Motor-cycle parking stalls can be provided at corners or any available space within the parking place. They should not obstruct movement of other vehicles and pedestrians.

Parking Aisle

Motor-cycle stalls

2400

800

FIG. M-1 Example of motor-cycle provision

2400 800

FIG.12: Example of motor-cycle stalls

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Chapter 5 Mechanised Parking Systems & Car Lifts ______________________________________________________


Quick preview This chapter explains the guidelines for provision mechanised parking system and car lifts in car parking places. The guidelines are general in nature. Each parking proposal would be evaluated on its merit. 5.1 Mechanised Parking Systems 5.1.1 General Where a site is restricted such that a conventional type of parking spaces is not technically feasible because of inadequate space for ramp system or a proper designed parking layout, mechanised parking system could be considered. Mechanised parking systems can be broadly categorised under two groups: a. b. Lateral Displacement Systems and Vertical Systems.

In the lateral displacement system, cars are parked on moveable platforms that move automatically along guide rails laid flat on the floor to make passageway for unimpeded access and driving away. In the vertical system, cars are parked on vertical ferries wheel or lifted vertically and positioned into lots. Such system allows cars to be parked and retrieved automatically. For new parking proposals, parking lots provided with approved mechanised parking systems would be considered as provision for meeting the requirement under the Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules. In existing car parks, if additional parking spaces were provided with mechanised parking system, any deficiency charges previously paid would not be refundable. Some examples of mechanised parking systems are given in FIG.13 to 16.

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FIG.13: Vertical Parking (stack systems)

FIG.14: Lateral Displacement System

FIG. 16: More sophiscated system involving vertical and lateral parking. FIG.15: Vertical Parking (Tower System)

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5.1.2

Guidelines for mechanised parking places Guidelines are general in nature. Notwithstanding the guidelines, each parking proposal should be evaluated on its merit. These guidelines deal with the car parking provision and layout aspect and the applicant is required to get the clearance or approval on other operational aspects of the system, such as fire system, security etc. from the relevant authorities. The mechanism of the system does not come under the jurisdiction of the Authority. Special conditions for lateral displacement system Geometric a. b. c. d. Minimum head distance: Minimum manoeuvring space (sideways): 5.0m (Diagram MS-1) 3.0m (Diagram MS-2)

Minimum manoeuvring space (lengthways) for parallel parking: 7.2m(Diagram MS- 3) Minimum clear driveway width (after installation) - One way traffic: 3.6m - Two way traffic: 6.0m Parking spaces not on platform should comply with the Parking Places (Provision of Parking Places and Parking Spaces) Rules.

e.

Platform a.
b.

Platform should be able to accommodate the cars using the parking place. Parking platforms may be installed in individual or double platforms. When arranged in parallel to driveways, the platform should have slope on all four sided so that the vehicles can drive over them in all directions. (Diagram MS- 3)

Guiderail a. Guiderail should not protrude beyond 20mm from finished floor level.

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Queuing space a. At the ingress, minimum queuing length should be 5% of the total number of parking spaces proposed. (Diagram MS-4, 5 & 6) Clearway access ramp up to the parking lot may be treated as a queuing space. (Diagram MS 4) Entire queuing space shall preferably be within the premises of the development and not spill onto public street. If the queuing spaces are permitted to spill-over on to a public service road, it should not extend beyond the boundary of the adjacent lot (Diagram MS- 5). The queue should not impact the traffic flow along the service road.

b. c.

Special conditions for Vertical Systems Geometric a. b. c. Minimum internal dimension of cage or platform: Minimum load: 2.6m x 6.2m 2600 kg

At the ingress, a holding bay of at least one car space in front of each car-lift should be provided. Such holding bays must be within the premises of the development. (Diagram MS- 6) At the egress (where it is separate from ingress), a minimum of one car length holding space should be provided, which must be within the premises of the development. (Diagram MS- 7)

d.

Queuing space a. At the ingress, minimum queuing length should be 5% of the total number of parking spaces proposed.(Diagram MS5 & 6) Entire queuing space should preferably be within the premises of the development and not spill onto public street. If the queuing spaces are permitted to spill-over on to a public service road, it should not extend beyond the boundary of the adjacent lot (Diagram MS-5 & 6). The queue should not impact the traffic flow along the service road.

b.

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5.0m

MINIMUM HEAD DISTANCE

MINIMUM MANOEUVERING SPACE (LENGTH-WAYS)

7.2m

Diagram MS-1: Minimum Head Distance. Minimum Manoeuvring Space (Length-Ways)

MINIMUM MANOEUVRING SPACE (SIDE-WAYS)

3.0m

Diagram MS-2 : Minimum Manoeuvring Space (Side-Ways)

SLOPE

SLOPE SLOPE

SLOPE

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Diagram MS3:- Platform with Slope On All Sides

PERMISSIBLE QUEUEING SPACE

Diagram MS-4 : Queuing Space (Lateral Displacement System)

Situation: Ingress/egress from/to major/minor road, queuing space entirely within the access driveway

FIG. MS-5: Queueing Space (Lateral Displacement System)

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Situation: Ingress/egress from/to public service road, queuing space within public service road if permitted must not extend beyond subject lot boundary

FIG. MS-6:- Queueing Space (Lateral Displacement System)

Situation: Ingress/egress from/to public service road, queuing space if permitted must not extend beyond the subject site boundary. Loading/unloading position of minimum one car space for each lift must be provided within the subject development.

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FIG. MS-7: Queueing Space (Vertical System)

Situation: Ingress from public service road and egress to major road, queuing space within public service road if permitted must not extend beyond subject boundary. Separate loading/unloading positions. Unloading position of minimum one car space of the egress for each lift.

FIG.MS-8: Queuing Space (Vertical System)

5.2

Provision of Car Lifts in Car Parking Places 5.2.1 General Car lifts replace the access ramps for vertical transportation of cars to the parking floors. All the other requirements pertaining to the parking design remain the same as the conventional parking places and spaces. Mechanism of the system does not come under jurisdiction of the Authority. 5.2.2 Guidelines for provision of car lifts in car parking places

Maximum number of parking spaces to be served by car-lifts should not exceed 200.
Car Lifts shall comply with the following: a. b. Minimum internal dimension Minimum Load : 2600mm x 6200mm : 2600kg

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c. d. e. f.

Minimum Speed Maximum Rise Lift Openings Minimum discharge capacity

: 30m/min : 18m (about five storeys) : Both front and rear : 30 vehicles/hour

Ratio of car Lifts to Parking Capacity a. b. One car-lift for every 50 parking spaces. Minimum provision : 2 lifts

Queuing Space and Loading/Unloading a. b. At the ingress, minimum queuing length should be 15% of the parking spaces proposed.

Entire queuing space should preferably be within the premises of the development. If the queuing spaces spill-over on to a public service road, it should not extend beyond the boundary of the adjacent lot (FIG. CL-1 & 2). The queue should not impact the traffic flow
along the service road. All cars wishing to gain access from the main road to the car-lifts should preferably be channelled through one access road only. (FIG. CL-3 & 4). At the ingress, a holding bay of at least one car space in front of each car-lift should be provided. Such holding bays must be within the premises of the development. (FIG. CL1). At the egress (where it is separate from ingress), a minimum of one car length holding space should be provided, which must be within the premises of the development. (FIG. CL-2).

c.

d.

e.

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Situation: Ingress/egress from/to public service road, queuing space if permitted must not extend beyond subject boundary. Loading/unloading positions of minimum one car space for each lift must be provided within development

FIG. CL-1: Queuing spaces and loaing/unloading (Scenario1)

Situation: Ingress from public service road and egress to major road, queuing space within public service road if permitted must not extend beyond subject boundary. Separate loading/unloading positions. Unloading position of minimum one car space of the egress for each lift

FIG. CL-2: Queuing spaces and loaing/unloading(Scenario 2)

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Situation: Ingress/egress from/to major/minor road and access to car-lifts channelled through internal access driveway, queuing space m ust be within internal access driveway. Loading/unloading position of one car space for each car lift.

FIG.CL-3: Queuing spaces and loaing/unloading(Scenario 3)

Situation: Ingress/egress from/to major road, queuing space and access to car lifts must be entirely within internal access driveway. Loading/unloading positions to be provided for each car lift.

FIG.CL-4: Queuing spaces and loaing/unloading(Scenario 4)

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APPENDICES

Appendix A: Appendix B: Appendix C: Appendix D:

Parking Provision Standards


Map showing Zone 1

Maps showing Zone 2 Types of developments exempted from payment of deficiency charge. Map showing Central Area for rates of deficiency charge.

Appendix E:

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APPENDIX A Parking Provision Standards


Non-residential developments and residential developments in Zones 1 and 2 are allowed to provide up to 20% below the car parking requirement. This allowance is not applicable to public housing, lorry, loading/ unloading and coach parking requirements.

Use Categories 1.0 Residential Flats, non-flats, Service Apartments and home-office 2.0 Commercial (a) Offices

Parking Provision Standards (based on unit or gross floor area) 1 car space per 1 residential unit.

Zone 1: 1 car space per 450 sq.m. Zone 2: 1 car space per 250 sq.m. Zone 3: 1 car space per 200 sq.m. All Zones: 1 loading/unloading space per 10,000 sq.m (Up to 50,000 sq.m.) Zone 1: 1 car space per 400 sq.m. Zone 2: 1 car space per 200 sq.m. Zone 3: 1 car space per 150 sq.m. All Zones: 1 loading/unloading space per 4,000 sq.m For 1st 150 sq.m:All Zones: 1 car space per 150 sq.m Exceeding 1st 150 sq.m:Zone 1 & 2: 1 car space per 60 sq.m Zone 3: 1 car space per 50 sq.m Zone 1 & 2: 1 car space per 250 sq.m Zone 3: 1 car space per 200 sq.m All zones: 1 loading/unloading space per 8,000 sq.m. For hotel, 1 coach space per 90 guest rooms

(b) Shops and departmental store (retail use)

(c) Restaurants, nightclub, coffeehouse, bar, cafeteria, eating house and canteen.

(d) Hotels and residential clubs (include restaurants, nightclubs, coffee houses, bars, cafeteria, function/ convention rooms and administration and supporting areas of the hotel) 2.0 Cinema, theatre and concert hall 3.0 Warehouse/godown 4.0 Factory (a) Factory includes office, up to 25% of total floor area, canteen and ancillary storage (i) Flatted Type (ii)Terrace Type

Zone 1 & 2: 1 car space per 12 seats Zone 3: 1 car space per 10 seats 1 lorry/loading & unloading space per 800 sq.m.

1 car space per 350 sq.m 1 lorry/loading & unloading space per 3,000 sq.m. For 1st 800 sq.m: 1 car space per 300 sq.m. After 1st 800 sq.m: 1 car space per 350 sq.m. (subject to minimum 1 car space per unit of factory) 1 lorry/loading & unloading space per 1,500 sq.m.

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(iii)Detached Type

1 car space per 600 sq.m (subject to minimum 1 car space per factory) 1 lorry/loading & unloading space per 1,500 sq.m. ( up to 13,500 sq.m) 1 car space per 200 sq.m

(b) Office (in excess25% of total floor area) 5.0 51 5.2 Educational Institutions Creche, Nursery School/Kindergarten Primary Schools

1 car park per 200m2 (Gross) 1 car park per 3 classrooms Plus 20% of standard requirement Plus 4 numbers mini buses Classrooms exclude ECA rooms. Ancillary facilities such as assembly hall, canteen, sports and recreational facilities, etc are also excluded. Classrooms exclude ECA rooms, tutorial rooms and science labs. Ancillary facilities such as assembly hall, canteen, sports and recreational facilities, etc are also excluded.

5.3

Secondary Schools

1 car park per 2 classrooms (for classrooms) 1 car park per 300 m2 (Gross) (for workshops) Plus 20% of standard requirement Plus 4 numbers mini buses 1 car park per 30 day-time staff and student population 1 car park per 30 day-time staff and student population OR 1 car park per 20 night-time staff and student population 1 car park per 20 staff and student population 1 car park 200 m2

5.4 5.5

Junior Colleges Vocational Institutions

) ) Whichever is greater ) ) Using the higher of the day-time and night-time staff and student population

5.6

Polytechnics & Universities

5.7 6.0 6.1

Library Cultural and Social Welfare Institutions Community Centres

(a) If located within a residential estate and fronting access roads a nominal of 3 to 4 car parks be made. (b) if away from residential development 1 car park per 200 m2

6.2

Welfare Houses

1 car park per 200 m2

Ancillary facilities within the premises to be used exclusively by the residents are excluded.

7.0 7.1

Religious and Related Institutions Churches, Mosques & Temples (a) For church - 1 car park per 10 seats/ persons

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(b) For other religious places - 1 car park per 50 m2 of praying area OR As worked out for other uses like classrooms, office, etc (all other uses attached to church/Temple) 7.2 Columbarium 1 car park per 500 niches

Main prayer hall is to be considered as praying area. Parking requirement take whichever is greater

Parking provision need only when built away from any related uses or public car parks Parking provision could be reduced if funeral parlour is built close to related uses or public car parks.

7.3

Funeral Parlour & Crematorium Recreational Facilities Sports Complex

1 hearse and 10 car parks per funeral parlour/crematorium

8.0 8.1

(a) Administrative & related uses - 1 car park per 200 m2 (Gross) (b) Snack/coffee bar, restaurant - 1 car park per 150 m2 for the 1st 150m2 - 1 car park per 50 m2 exceeding 150 m2 (c) Multi-purpose hall with gymnasium, indoor courts, etc 1 car park per 300 m2 (d) Indoor games rooms, clubrooms, health clubs and related uses 1 car park per 150 m2 (Gross) (e) Spectators Gallery (If seats specified) 1 car park per 10 seats (If no seats specified) 20% of the requirements for facilities to which the gallery is attached. Parking requirement for other uses not specified should be considered on merit. Parking requirement for outdoor facilities to be provided in accordance with the specified uses.

8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7

Tennis, Squash/ Badminton Courts, Sepak Takraw Soccer/Basket Ball Bowling Alley Swimming Pool Ice/Roller Skating Rink Golf Range

1 car park per court 4 cars park per field/court 1 car park per lane 1 car park per 40 m2 (Nett) of pool area 1 car park per 50 m2 (Nett) of skating area 1 car park per Tee Wading pool/childrens pool need not be considered.

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9.0 9.1

Health Institutions Clinic/Dispensary 1 car park per 150 m2 (Gross) Additional spaces should be provided for Ambulances and other office vehicles.

9.2 9.3

Nursing Homes Hospitals

1 car park per 8 beds (a) First 500 beds 1 car park per 4 beds (b) Beyond 500 beds 1 car park per 5 beds Additional spaces should be provided for Ambulances and other office vehicles.

10.0 Retirement Housing 11.0 Eating house within Industrial Estate 12.0 Marina/Boat Sheds 12.1 Where small vessels can be carried to land for storage 12.2 Where large vessels are too heavy to be removed from water 13.0 Electrical Sub-station and related use

1 car space per 200 m2 1 car park per 150 m2 for the 1st 150 m2 1 car park per 50 m2 exceeding 150 m2

Ancillary facilities for exclusive use of residents are excluded.

1 car space per 2 boats 1 car park per boat 1 car park per 400 m2 (for first 2000 m2) 1 car park per 700 m2 (exceeding 2000 m2) Where it is unmanned, parking provision is not required so long as there is a driveway within the site to accommodate service vehicle.

14.0 Fire Station 14.1 Offices/dormitories/ Recreation 14.2 Squash/Tennis Courts 15.0 Convention/exhibition 16.0 Public Park 17.0 Nursery 1 car park per 200 m2 (Gross) 1 car park per court 1 car park per 50 m2 (Gross) 12.7 car park per hectare (a) For covered areas (offices, parking areas etc): 1 parking space per 200 m2 (Gross) (b) For open areas : 1 parking space per 650 m2 (Gross) Subject to a minimum provision of 3 parking spaces (1 space for the operator and 2 spaces for visitors) For sites located within HDB developments where public car parks are available, parking provision is not necessary. Wherever possible 1 parking space should be provided within the nursery for the operators use.

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18.0 Foreign Workers Dormitories 19.0 Tourist Attraction Developments

1 car space per 650 sq.m

(a) 1 coach space per 100 tourists per day aa) Car parking to be evaluated separately

Applicant to submit relevant information: Eg : Daily expected number of tourists and local visitors - Breakdown of floor area by use of development - any other information

20.0 Off-course betting centre 21.0 Petroleum, petrolchemical,


chemical and elated industrieson Jurong Island

1 car space per 10 seats 1 car space per 200 sq.m of office floor area

22.0 White sites - Non-residential use

1 car space per 425 sqm. 1 loading/unloading space per 7,000sq.m 1 loading/unloading space per 15,000sq.m. -refer to 'Residential' use category

(up to 50,000 sq.m) (exceeding 50,000 sq.m)

- Residential Boarding Houses and hostels a) Administration areas and offices b) Function rooms and exhibition areas c) Residential rooms

23.0

1 car space per 200 sq.m 1 car space per 50 sq.m 1 car space per 700 sq.m [The minimum number of car spaces to be provided is (a)+ (b) or (c) whichever is greater) Refer to Office use category Refer to Factory use category 1 car space per 50 sq m

24.0 25.0 26.0

E-business Type 1 and Type 2 Industrial White Showflat

NOTE: Please consult the Development and Building Control Department of LTA for development use that parking provision standards are not specified.

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APPENDIX B Refer to next page for map of Zone 1


Zone 1 boundary begins at a point on Nicoll Highway opposite the Peoples Association and proceeds along the North-western edge of Nicoll Highway to the Rochor Road flyover. It then proceeds along the South-western edge of Rochor Road and continues along the South-western edge of Rochor Canal Road to the junction of Selegie Road and Rochor Canal Road. It then continues along the Southeastern edge of Selegie Road to the junction of MacKenzie Road and Selegie Road where it then proceeds along the South-western edge of MacKenzie Road to the junction of MacKenzie Road and the South-eastern boundary of Lot TS19-00480K. From here the boundary proceeds along the Southeastern boundary of Lot TS19-00480K to Mount Emily Road. It then proceeds along the North-eastern boundary of Mount Emily Road and then continues along the South-western boundary of Lot TS1900466L to the point where it meets the Eastern boundary of Lot TS19-99960P. It then proceeds along the Eastern boundary of Lot TS19-99960P up to the point where it meets Orchard Road. From here, the boundary proceeds along the Northern edge of Orchard Road to the point where the tunnel of Central Expressway intersects Orchard Road. The boundary then proceeds along the South-western edge of Central Expressway to its intersection with the junction of Clemenceau Avenue North and Cairnhill Circle. From here, the boundary runs along the Southern edge of Cairnhill Circle until it reaches the Eastern boundary of Lot TS27-00874P. It then proceeds along the Eastern boundary of Lot TS27-00874P and the South-eastern and South-western boundaries of Lot TS27-00601W until it meets Bideford Road. It then cuts across Bideford Road and runs along the Northern boundary of Lots TS2700891P, TS27-01093A and TS27-01094K. The boundary then proceeds along the North-eastern boundary of Lot TS27-00679P and the Eastern boundary of Lots TS27-00970N and TS27-01011V and cuts across Lot TS27-00720M. From here, the boundary runs along the Southern and Western boundaries of Lot TS27-00770V until it meets the Northern boundary of Lot TS27-00552N. It then proceeds along the Northern boundary of Lot TS27-00552N and the Eastern, Northern and Northwestern boundaries of Lot TS27-00620P until it meets Mount Elizabeth Road. It then follows the South-Western edge of Mount Elizabeth until it meets the Northern boundary of Lot TS27-00526W. It then proceeds along the Northern and Western boundaries of Lot TS27-00526W. From here, it turns to follow the Northern and Western boundaries of Lot TS27-00496L and the Northern and North-western boundaries of Lot TS27-99905M to a point where it meets Nutmeg Road. The line then runs along the South-Western edge of Nutmeg Road until it meets the South-eastern boundary of Lot TS27-00975W. It then proceeds along the South-eastern boundary of TS27-00975W and the Western boundary of Lots TS27-00619A and TS27-D0023 until it meets Orchard Road. It then runs along the Northern edge of Orchard Road to the point where it meets Scotts Road. From here, the boundary runs along the Eastern edge of Scotts Road across Orchard Road and along the Eastern edge of Paterson Road to a point where Paterson Road meets Orchard Boulevard. It then runs along the Northern edge of Orchard Boulevard, across Orchard Turn, Orchard Link and Grange Road and along the Northern edge of Devonshire Road, Exeter Road, Eber Road and Oxley Rise, to a point where Oxley Rise crosses Clemenceau Avenue. It then runs along the Eastern edge of Clemenceau Avenue across River Valley Road and continues along the Eastern edge of Clemenceau Avenue across Merchant Road, Magazine Road, Havelock Road until it meets Upper Cross Street. From here, the boundary runs along the Southern and Western edges of Upper Cross Street to the junction of Upper Cross Street and Pearls Hill Road. It then proceeds along the Northern edge of Pearls Hill Road and then along the Western boundary of Lots TS22-00127L and TS22-00168A until it meets Eu Tong Sen Street. It then runs along the Western edge of Eu Tong Sen Street to the junction of Eu Tong Sen Street and Cantonment Road. From here it proceeds along the Eastern edge of Cantonment Road to the junction of Cantonment Road and Neil Road. Then it proceeds along the Southern edge of Neil Road to a point where Neil Road meets the Eastern boundary of Lot TS23-01022K. It then proceeds along the Eastern boundary of Lot TS23-01022K, the Eastern and Southern boundaries of Lot TS23-00354M, to a point where it meets Cantonment Road. It then runs along the Eastern edge of Cantonment Road across Yan Kit Road, Hoe Chiang Road and Lim Teck Kim Road until it meets Ayer Rajah Expressway. From here it runs along the Northern edge of Ayer Rajah Expressway and East Coast Parkway until it meets the projection of Marina Wharf to East Coast Parkway. It then cuts across East Coast Parkway, the slip road from East Coast Parkway to Prince Edwards Road and Tanjong Pagar Terminal Avenue to run along the coastline of Marina South and Marina Bay until it meets the Eastern edge of Esplanade Bridge. It then runs along the Eastern edge of Esplanade Bridge and the coastline of Marina Centre and along the South-eastern edge of Nicoll Highway to a point opposite the Peoples Association.
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APPENDIX C Refer to the maps in the following pages for the boundary of Zone 2
Zone 2 comprises of all cadastral lots that fall within or touch the circle of radius 400m from a Mass Rapid Transit or Light Rail Transit station outside Zone 1. The centre of the circle is defined as the geometric centre of the two outermost platforms of the Mass Rapid Transit or Light Rail Transit station.
(The maps are arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the MRT/LRT stations)

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APPENDIX D
Types of developments exempted from payment of deficiency charge

1. 2. 3. 4.

Development by non-profit making organisations. Development by religious organisations. Development by charitable organisations. Use of parking spaces or car waxing/polishing in developments with underutilised parking spaces including developments where there is no surplus parking provision. Existing parking places affected by requirements of government departments.

5.

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APPENDIX E Map showing the Central Area for rates of deficiency charge

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