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Fifth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 333 - GAS DYNAIVTICS AND SPACE PROPULSION Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks (Use of Standard Gas Tables Permitted) Answer ALL questions. PARTA-(10 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. , v L x2=20 marks)

Define the stagnation state and stagnation properties. Differentiate between anozzle and diffuser.

Under what conditions a compressionwave changesinto a shock wave? State two practical situations where oblique shockwaves are produced. Define Specific Thrust and SpecifrcImpulse. What is" after burning "in turbojet engines?

10. State four commonly used Oxidizers. PARTB-(Sx16=80marks) 11' (a) (i) (ii) Derive an expression for acoustic velocity in terms of temperature of fluid" (S) Air(co =1.05 kilrg K, /= 1.38)atPr=3barandTr =b00Kflows with a velocity of 200 m./secin a 30 cm duct. Calculate the mass flow rate, stagnation temperature, Mach number and stagnationpressure. (g)

ww

w.

aa na

Or

va

N.

co m

(b)

(i)

P^-P

(8)

tpt(ii) A reservoir whose temperature can be varied in a wide range of temperature receives air at constant pressgre of 1.5 bar. The air is expandedisentropically in a nozzleto an exit pressure of 1.015bar. Determine the values of temperature to be maintained in the reservoir to produce the following velocities at the nozzle exjt:

(1)

L2. (a)

(8)

Or (b) (i)

F L+yM2

va

N.

co m

A combustion chamber in a gas turbine plant receives air at 350 K, 0.55 bar and 75 m/s. The air fuel ratio is 29 and the calorific value of the fuel is 41.87 MJ&e' Taking y = | .4 and R= 0'287kJ/kg K for the gas determine the initial and final Mach numbers, final pressure, temperature and velocity of the gas, percent stagnation pressure loss in the combustion chamber and the maximum stagnation temperature (16) attainable.

(ii)

13. (a)

The velocity of a normal shock wave moving into stagnant air (p = 1 bar and t - 17"C) is 500 m/s. If the area of the cross section of the duct is constant, determine the pressure, temperature, velocity of air, stagnation temperature and Mach number imparted upstream of the waveflont. (16) Or

ww

w.

A circular duct passes 8.25 kgls of air at an exit Mach number of 0.5. The entry pressure and temperature are 3.45 bar and 38" C respectively and the coeffrcient of friction 0.005. If the Mach number at entry is 0.15, determine the diameter of the duct, length of the duct, pressure and temperature at the exit, and the (8) stagnation pressure loss.

aa na

(8)

+?-1)M']]" M{V*1)[z

(16)

Describe the working of a Ramjet engine with a neat sketch. State the (16) advantagesand disadvantages.

Or

B 2339

(b)

An aircraft flies at 960 kmph. One of its turbojet engines take in 40 kg/s of air and expands the gasesto the ambient pressure. The air fuel ratio is 50 and lower calorific value of the fuel is 43 MJ/kg. For maximum thrust power, determine jet velocity, thrust, specific thrust thrust power, (16) thermal efficiency, overall efficiency and TSFC. (i) (ii) Enumerate the types of Rocket engines. (8)

15.

(a)

Explain the general working of a solid propellant rocket with a neat (8) sketch. Or

(b)

(i)

A rocket engine has the following data : Propellant flow rate = 5 kgls, ; Nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm ; Nozzle exit pressure = 1.02 bar; Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar; Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar; Thrust = 7 kN. Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and the specificpropellant consumption Calculate the values of thrust and specifrcimpulse for an aititude (8) where ambient pressure is 10 mbar.

ww

w.

aa na

va

N.

(ii)

A rocket flies at 10080 k-ph with an effective exhaust jet velocity of 1400 m/s and propellant flow rate of 5 kg/s. If the heat of reaction of the propellants is 6500 kJ/kg of the propellant mixture , determine the propulsion efficiency and propulsive power, engine (8) output, thermal efficiency and overall effrciency.

co m

B 2339

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