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Serie 2 Electricidad y Magnetismo

1. How much charge is on each plate of a 4.00 F capacitor when it is connected to a 12.0 V battery? (b) If this same capacitor is connected to a 1.50 V battery, what charge is stored? 2. Two conductors having net charges of +10.0 C and -10.0 C have a potential difference of 10.0 V between them. (a) Determine the capacitance of the system. (b) What is the potential difference between the two conductors if the charges on each are increased to +100 C and -100 C? 3. (a) If a drop of liquid has capacitance 1.00 pF, what is its radius? (b) If another drop has radius 2.00 mm, what is its capacitance? (c) What is the charge on the smaller drop if its potential is 100 V? 4. A 1-megabit computer memory chip contains many 60.0 f F capacitors. Each capacitor has a plate area of 21.010-12 m2. Determine the plate separation of such a capacitor (assume a parallel-plate configuration). The order of magnitude of the diameter of an atom is 10-10 m = 0.1 nm. Express the plate separation in nanometers. 5. When a potential difference of 150 V is applied to the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor, the plates carry a surface charge density of 30.0 nC/cm2. What is the spacing between the plates? 6. Four capacitors are connected as shown in Figure P26.21. (a) Find the equivalent capacitance between points a and b. (b) Calculate the charge on each capacitor if Vab = 15.0 V.

7. Find the equivalent capacitance between points a and b for the group of capacitors connected as shown in Figure P26.27. Take C1 = 5.00 F, C2 = 10.0 F, and C3 = 2.00 F.

8. Determine (a) the capacitance and (b) the maximum potential difference that can be applied to a Teflon-filled parallel-plate capacitor having a plate area of 1.75 cm2 and plate separation of 0.040 mm. 9. A parallel-plate capacitor in air has a plate separation of 1.50 cm and a plate area of 25.0 cm2. The plates are charged to a potential difference of 250 V and disconnected from the source. The capacitor is then immersed in distilled water. Determine (a) the charge on the plates before and after immersion, (b) the capacitance and potential difference after immersion, and (c) the change in energy of the capacitor. Assume the liquid is an insulator. 10. In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, an electron in the lowest energy state follows a circular path 5.2910-11 m from the proton. (a) Show that the speed of the electron is 2.19106 m/s. (b) What is the effective current associated with this orbiting electron? 11. An aluminum wire having a cross-sectional area of 4.0010-6 m2 carries a current of 5.00 A. Find the drift speed of the electrons in the wire. The density of aluminum is 2.70 g/cm3. Assume that one conduction electron is supplied by each atom. 12. A conductor of uniform radius 1.20 cm carries a current of 3.00 A produced by an electric field of 120 V/m. What is the resistivity of the material? 13. Suppose that you wish to fabricate a uniform wire out of 1.00 g of copper. If the wire is to have a resistance of R = 0.500 , and if all of the copper is to be used, what will be (a) the length and (b) the diameter of this wire?

14. A toaster is rated at 600 W when connected to a 120 V source. What current does the toaster carry, and what is its resistance? 15. (a) What is the current in a 5.60 resistor connected to a battery that has a 0.200 internal resistance if the terminal voltage of the battery is 10.0 V? (b) What is the emf of the battery? 16. Two 1.50 V batteries with their positive terminals in the same direction are inserted in series into the barrel of a flashlight. One battery has an internal resistance of 0.255 , the other an internal resistance of 0.153 . When the switch is closed, a current of 600 mA occurs in the lamp. (a) What is the lamps resistance? (b) What fraction of the chemical energy transformed appears as internal energy in the batteries? 17. The current in a loop circuit that has a resistance of R1 is 2.00 A. The current is reduced to 1.60 A when an additional resistor R2 = 3.00 is added in series with R1. What is the value of R1? 18. (a) Find the equivalent resistance between points a and b in Figure P28.6. (b) A potential difference of 34.0 V is applied between points a and b. Calculate the current in each resistor.

19. The ammeter shown in Figure P28.20 reads 2.00 A. Find I1, I2, and .

20. Determine the current in each branch of the circuit shown in Figure P28.21.

21. In Figure P28.21, show how to add just enough ammeters to measure every different current. Show how to add just enough voltmeters to measure the potential difference across each resistor and across each battery.