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Typical weights of building materials (weights are based on materials available in United Kingdom)

Most common materials: Material Blockwork Brickwork Concrete Glass Steel Timber Description Lightweight London stock Normal reinforcement Clear float Mild Softwood Weight in kN/m2 U.N.O. 10 kN/m3 19 kN/m3 24 kN/m3 25 kN/m3 78 kN/m3 6 kN/m3

Full list of materials: Material A Aggregate Aluminium Description Thickness/ quantity of unit Weight in kN/m2 U.N.O.

Asphalt

Cast alloy Longstrip roofing Bronze Roofing - 2 layers Paving

0.8 mm 25 mm

16 kN/m3 27 kN/m3 0.022 76 kN/m3 0.58 21 kN/m3

Bituminous felt roofing Bitumen Blockboard Blockwork

3 layers and vapour barrier Sheet Aerated concrete Dense aggregate Lightweight On shelves Bulk Cast Blue Engineering Fletton London stock Sand lime Cast 18 mm

Books Brass Brickwork

Bronze C Cast stone Cement Chalk Chippboard

0.11 11-13 kN/m3 0.11 5-9 kN/m3 20 kN/m3 7-14 kN/m3 7 kN/m3 8-11 kN/m3 85 kN/m3 24 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 19 kN/m3 21 kN/m3 83 kN/m3

Chippings Clay Concrete

Coal Copper Cork F False ceiling

Sheet Sheet Flat roof finish Undisturbed Aerated Lightweight aggregate Normal reinforced Loose lump Cast Longstrip roofing Granulated

18mm 22mm 1 layer

0.6 mm

23 kN/m3 15 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 7 kN/m3 0.12 0.15 0.05 19 kN/m3 10 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 24 kN/m3 9 kN/m3 87 kN/m3 0.05 1 kN/m3

Steel framing

0.1

Felt

Roofing underlay Insulating 3 layer plus chippings

50 mm

0.015 0.05 0.35

G Glass

Glass wool Gold Granite Gravel

Crushed/refuse Clear float Single glazing Double glazing Quilt

100 mm

Loose Undisturbed

16 kN/m3 25 kN/m3 0.3 0.52 0.01 194 kN/m3 27.3 kN/m3 16 kN/m3 21 kN/m3

H Hardboard Hardcore Hardwood

Hollow clay pot slabs

Greenheart Oak Iroko, teak Mahogany Including ribs & mortar (but not topping)

300 mm thick overall 100 mm thick overall

6-8 kN/m3 19 kN/m3 10 kN/m3 8 kN/m3 7 kN/m3 6 kN/m3 12 kN/m3 15 kN/m3

I Insulation

Iron Ivory

Glass fibre Glass fibre Polystyrene Rockwool Cast Wrought

100 mm 150 mm 25 mm

0.02 0.03 0.04 0.01 72 kN/m3 77 kN/m3 19 kN/m3

L Lead

Lime

Linoleum M Macadam Magnesium Metal roof cladding MDF Mercury Mortar Mud P Partitions

Cast Sheet Sheet Hydrate (bags) Lump/quick (powder) Mortar (putty) Sheet

1.8 mm 3.2 mm

3.2 mm

114 kN/m3 0.21 0.36 6 kN/m3 10 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 0.05

Paving Alloys Sheet

21 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 0.07 8 kN/m3 136 kN/m3 17-18 kN/m3 17-20 kN/m3

Patent glazing Pavement stones Peat Plaster

Plastered brick Medium dense plastered block Plaster board on timber stud Single glazed Double glazed Cast iron or concrete framed Plasterboard Plasterboard Wallboard and skim coat Lath and plaster Traditional lime plaster Traditional lath + plaster ceiling Plasterboard on timber stud Plastered brick 102 + 2 x 13mm

102 + 2 x 13 mm 100 + 2 x 13 mm 100 + 2 x 13 mm

100 mm 12.5 mm 19 mm 13 mm 19 mm

2.6 2.0 0.35 0.26-0.3 0.52 1.5 11 kN/m3 0.09 0.15 0.12 0.25 20 kN/m3 0.5 0.35 2.6

Plastic Plywood

Plastered medium density block Corrugated Sheet Sheet Expanded sheet Beam and block + 50 mm topping Hollowcore plank Hollowcore plank Hollowcore plank Solid plank plus 50 mm topping 12.5 mm 19 mm 150-225 mm 150 mm 200 mm 250-450 mm 75-300 mm

Polystyrene Precast concrete

2.0 0.04 7 kN/m3 0.08 0.12 0.2 kN/m3 1.8-3.3 2.4 2.8 3.7-5.5 3.7-7.4

Q Quarry tiles R Raised floors

Including mortar & bedding

12.5 mm

0.32

Heavy duty Medium weight Lightweight 250-500 mm Clay - plain Clay pantile Concrete Slate

Ribbed slab Roofing tiles

0.5 0.4 0.3 4.0-5.7 0.77 0.42 0.51 0.3

S Sand Screed

Dry, loose Wet, compact Sand/cement 50 mm 75 mm

Slate Snow Softwood

Slab Fresh Wet, compacted

16 kN/m3 19 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 1.15 1.8 28 kN/m3 1 kN/m3 3 kN/m3 6 kN/m3

Soils

Stainless steel roofing Steel Stone Granite Limestone

T&G (Tongue and Groove) T&G (Tongue and Groove) Battens for slating & tiling 25 mm T&G boards on 100x50 timber joists @ 400 crs 25 mm T&G boards on 250x50 timber joists @ 400 crs Loose sand & gravels Dense sand & gravels Soft/firm clays & silts Stiff clays and silts Longstrip Mild Cornish (Cornwall) Rublislaw (Grampian) Bath (Wiltshire) Mansfield (Nottinghamshire) Portland (Dorset) Italian Bramley Fell (West Yorkshire) Forest of Dean (Gloucestershire) Dalrey Dale or Kerridge (Derbyshire) Welsh Aluminium Steel

15.5 mm 22 mm

0.09 0.12 0.03 0.23 0.33 16 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 21 kN/m3 0.05 78 kN/m3 26 kN/m3 25 kN/m3 21 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 27 kN/m3 22 kN/m3 24 kN/m3 23-25 kN/m3 28 kN/m3 0.05 0.1

0.4 mm

Marble Sandstone

Slate Suspended ceiling

T Timber Terracotta Terrazzo Thatch W

C16 C24 Paving Including battens 20 mm 305 mm

3.6 kN/m3 4.1 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 0.42 0.45

Waffle slab Water Woodwool slabs Z Zinc

Standard moulds Fresh

325-525 mm

6.0-8.6 10 kN/m3 6 kN/m3

Cast Longstrip roofing

0.8 mm

72 kN/m3 0.06