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Design Rationale: 1.

) Blow-off assembly is used to flush out accumulated sediments at low spots and dead-ends of pipelines and for draining pipelines for repairs, maintenance, and inspection. 2.)

Design Data: Cd = 0.6 unitless DT = 2 4 hr VD = 0.3 - 0.6 m/s L= D= 1015 1.8 m m

Coefficient of Discharge Recommended Discharge Time Recommended Discharge Velocity (AWWA M51 Chapter 4) Length Pipe Diameter of Pipe Low Level Point of the Waterline High Level Point of the Waterline Pressure Head at the Outlet (Assumed to be Half of the Difference in Pipe Elevation) Acceleration due to Gravity

Elev. 1 = Elev. 2 = H= g=

29.31 m 45.91 m 8.3 m m/s

9.81

Solving for the Volume to be Drained V= A x L V = 2.54 x 1015 V= 2583 m

Volume of Water to be Drained

Solving for Diameter of the Blow Off DT = 3 hrs or 10800 secs Q= V DT

Assumed Discharge Time

Q = 0.24 m/s

Discharge Rate

Solving for the Area of Blow Off using Torricelli's Theorem Q = Cd x A x (2g x H) A= Q Cd x (2g x H)

A = 0.03 m

Solving for the Diameter of Blow Off x d A= 4 d= 4 x A use d = 200 mm

d = 0.2 m

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

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Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

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Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

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Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

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Design Rationale: 1.) Blow-off assembly is used to flush out accumulated sediments at low spots and dead-ends of pipelines and for draining pipelines for repairs, maintenance, and inspection. 2.)

Design Data: Cd = 0.6 unitless DT = 2 4 hr VD = 0.3 - 0.6 m/s L= D= 1015 1.8 m m

Coefficient of Discharge Recommended Discharge Time Recommended Discharge Velocity (AWWA M51 Chapter 4) Length Pipe Diameter of Pipe

Solving for the Volume to be Drained V= A x L V = 2.54 x 1015 V= 2583 m

Volume of Water to be Drained

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :

Engineering Development Corp. of the Philippines

PROJECT DESCRIPTION DATE DESIGNED BY

: : : :

CHECKED BY :