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The learner as a resource

Diego Cardona Lina Sanchez

Richness, dynamic, and intelligence from learners can be the most important resource in our instruction

Learner centred environment


Leaners have to be the principal actors and have leading roles during the class

WHAT?
Interpretation and the expression of personal perspectives Diversity Output Interaction

HOW?
Cooperative learning Collaborative tasks Debates Discussions

WHY?
Such an approach increases the scope of resources for learning, validates diversity of interpretation and provides challenges for further learning and analysis Through their thoughts and experiences, students bring the outside world into the classroom.

REFERENCE
Gower, R., Walters, S., & Phillips, D. (2005). Teaching Practice: A Handbook for Teachers in Training. Oxford: Macmillan education. Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of language learning teaching (4th edition). USA: PearsonLongman.

Trujillo, F., & Salvadores, C. (2004). Materials and resources for ELT. In D. Madrid & N. McLaren(Eds) TEFL in Primary Education (pp. 310-339). Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada.

THE BOARD
TRUJILLO AND SALVADORES GOWER PHILLIPS AND WALTERS HARMER BY MAURICIO MANRIQUE IVONNE LONDOO

Why?

What?

How?

Gower, Philips and Walters

HOW?

HOW?

HOW?

Why?

What?

How?

Trujillo and Salvadores, 2004

HOW?

Why?

What?

How?

Harmer, 2004

HOW?

Paula Andrea Pelez Santiago Argoti Portilla

A light is shone through a transparency, projecting onto an ordinary film screen.

Roger Gower; Diane Phillips, Steve Walters


What
Device used for ELT

Why. Advantages Write on it. Prepare in advance Save time Mask info Disadvantages Heavy Special conditions for use Expenses

How Practice before using Correct pens Electricity connections

Fernando Trujillo, Julio Torrecillas, Carlos Salvadore.


What Specially designed for teaching Teaching EFL Simple and effective Why Advantages Can re-use tranparencies Save time Mask info OHTs (easy to handle)

Disadvantages Heavy
Skills are needed No large pieces of texts

How The teachers faces audience

Jeremy Harmer
what Electric device Why Advantages Mask information Allows interaction (teacher-students) Problem-free versatile
Disadvantages Bulky Too much info is obstacle How To work in groupsindividually To complete info To Answer questions

VISUAL AIDS
Oscar David Gmez Olga Nancy Orozco

GOWER, PHILLIPS AND WALTERS


WHAT Real objects (sometimes called realia) and pictures or photographs. WHY Illustrate meaning more directly. Attract the students attention Variety and interest to a lesson.
HOW Cuisenaire rods to teach colors, prepositions, show word stress, superlatives, etc.

TRUJILLO & SALVADORES, 2004


WHAT Realia and ready-made materials. WHY Help students connect language to reality. HOW Follow instructions, guess the object, classify objects, odd one out or find someone who

HARMER
WHAT A range of objects, pictures, cards and other things for presenting and manipulating language WHY Teach the meaning of words. Stimulate students activities

HOW Evocative Objects

PICTURES AND WORDS


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=La5T

aIboMgI

Worksheets and workcards.

What (Gower, phillips and walters,2004)


Developed by teachers

according to learners needs:

Why (TRUJILLO,TORRECILLAS AND SALVADORES, 2004)


For facilitating

learning process For using different types of activities. For enhancing communication in class. To save time. To adapt materials according to students needs

How (HARMER,2004)
In games
In activities that

require movement. Matching and ordering activities.

Thanks
JOHANNA MUOZ DORALI MUOZ

Sandra Liliana Ramos Rosario Rivera Quintero

WHAT

WHY

HOW

Teachers

Students

WHAT
The audio player is one of the most common pieces of equipment.

WHY

HOW

WHAT
Students get exposure to spoken language.

WHY

HOW

AUTHORS GOWER AND OTHERS

WHAT They are uncommon resources but they are popular with students. They offer variety in the focus of a lesson

WHY BECAUSE: - Close to real life - Can see and hear - Easy to understand - Attractive - Interesting -

HOW Getting familiar with this resource. Producing their own videos

TRUJILLO &SALVADORES

They belong to AVT Different from ICT resources that incorporate image and sound

they provide language within a natural context. - Motivation - Interaction Enhancement cultural background - exchanges - reusable materials - classroom time saving - learner-centered

to make their own video performances, creating their own stories, video-clips, dialogues by using the video camera. - Selecting the appropriate video recordings, according to the age, level interests - The length - Short and clear instructions

HARMER

Through Power Point presentations, including audio and motion.

HARMER

what To present visual materialsuch as movie maker, Mixing audio , text, video and still pictures

why It allows mixing different ways of displaying. Motivational because it is attractive

how Interactive white board. Students stop being simple users to become interactors with one oanother and with the information

GOWER, PHILLIPS & WALTERS

what Author programs games and simulations. word processors for writing activities

why Feedback built in programms. .individual work in selaccess. sharing computers in cooperative work

how Working with hardware, software and networking. Managing students difficulties

TRUJILLO & SALVADORE

what To access, retrive, store, organize, manipulate, and present information by electronic means

why Convergence. Crossing devices in just one

how Creating different dimensions inside the classroom

Thank you

THE PHOTOCOPIER GOWER , PHILLIPS AND WALTERS

MILADIS C. BENITEZ ADRIANA CARDONA

WHAT

IT IS A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT THAT TEACHERS


MANY TIMES DEPEND ON

WHY

EASY ACCESS TO AN INDIVIDUAL WORK, IT PROMOTES AUTONOMOUS

LEARNING

STUDENTS CAN STORE INFORMATION FOR THEMSELVES BOTH, TEACHERS AND STUDENTS CAN SAVE MONEY BY GETTING

PHOTOCOPIES INSTEAD OF BUYING EXPENSIVE BOOKS.


YOU CAN COVER LOTS OF INFORMATION FOR LARGE CLASSES IT CAN BE MODIFIED OR CHANGED ACCORDING TO THE STUDENTS PARTICULAR NEEDS

PHOTOCOPIES ARE MOTIVATING AND INTERESTING FOR STUDENTS

HOW

TEACHERS CREATE AND REPRODUCE THEIR OWN SOURCES OR USE THOSE SHARED BY OTHER TEACHERS. SO EVERY STUDENT HAS ACCESS TO THE WORK. WE CAN USE PHOTOCOPIES TO: PLAY BOARD GAMES FILLING THE GAPS ACTIVITIES CUT AND PASTE READING ACTIVITIES JIG-SAW PUZZLE ACTIVITIES IT ALSO ALLOW STUDENTS TO WORK IN A COLLABORATIVE WAY.

IT SHOULD HAVE HIGH QUALITY, CLEAR INSTRUCTIONS AND ATTRACTIVE


IMAGES.

PHOTOCOPIES SHOULD NOT BE A FILL IN LAST MINUTE RESOURCE. IT


MUST CORRESPOND TO A WELL STRUCTURED PLAN

DISADVANTAGES

GOWER , PHILLIPS AND WALTERS


WHEN A TEACHER BECOMES DEPENDENT ON A PHOTOCOPIER, HIS/HER CREATIVITY IS LIMITED TO AN ESTABLISHED PATTERN. GROUP WORK AND WRITING PRACTICE CAN BE AFFECTED.

THANKS

Language Learning Resources


Authentic Materials
Karle Ospina Jonathan Vela

sbado 2 de noviembre de 13

Authentic Materials
Roger Gower
WHAT Anything a native English speaker would hear or read HOW Selecting materials according to the Ss needs and interests WHY They are more interesting and motivating
Examples of real language They are contextualized

Trujillo&Salvadores
WHAT new technologies may change teachers role HOW Off/On line technologies Educational packages (HOT POTATOES) WHY Introducing new technologies bring the real world into the classroom.
computers are present everywhere and ss use them to

Jeremy Harmer
WHAT Stimulus for a creative activity that is related to the learners environment HOW Through pictures, objects,cards and other elements the teacher can make use of WHY

learning is more enjoyable and interesting


entertainment communication school related activities

sbado 2 de noviembre de 13