You are on page 1of 2

# howthingswork.virginia.

edu

## SOME PHYSICAL CONSTANTS

Name Boltzmann constant Coulomb constant Elementary unit of electric charge Gravitational constant Planck constant Speed of light StefanBoltzmann constant Symbol k k e G h c Value 23 3 1.38066210 Pam /(particleK) 9 2 2 8.987551810 Nm /C 19 1.602189210 C 11 2 2 6.672010 Nm /kg 34 6.62617610 Js 299,792,458 m/s -8 2 4 5.6703210 J/(sm K )

## USEFUL PHYSICAL DATA

Quantity Air Atmospheric pressure at sea level Speed of sound (0 C) Speed of sound (20 C) Density at sea level (0 C) Specific heat capacity Index of refraction at 589 nm (0 C) Viscosity (20 C) Coefficient of volume expansion (20 C) Water Speed of sound (0 C) Density (4 C) Latent heat of melting Latent heat of vaporization Specific heat capacity Index of refraction at 589 nm (0 C) Viscosity (20 C) Coefficient of volume expansion (20 C) Earth Mass Radius (at the equator) Mean density Acceleration due to gravity at its surface Mean distance from the sun Orbital period at an altitude of 100 km Radius of a geosynchronous orbit Escape velocity at its surface Moon Mass Radius Mean density Acceleration due to gravity at its surface Mean distance from the earth Escape velocity at its surface Sun Mass Radius Mean density Acceleration due to gravity at its surface Power production Value 101,325 Pa (14.70 pounds/inch ) 331 m/s (1193 km/h or 741 mph) 343 m/s (1235 km/h or 767 mph) 3 1.29 kg/m 1,009 J/(kgK) 1.000293 0.0000183 Pas 0.0034 1,402 m/s (5,048 km/h or 3,138 mph) 3 1,000 kg/m 333,700 J/kg 2,259,000 J/kg 4,186 J/(kgK) 1.334 0.00100 Pas 0.000207 5.974210 kg 6,378,140 m (3,964 miles) 3 5,515 kg/m 2 9.807 m/s 11 1.49610 m 5,170 s (86.3 minutes) 42,200,000 m (26,200 miles) 11,200 m/s (40,300 km/h or 25,100 mph) 7.3510 kg 1,738,000 m (1,080 miles) 3 3,343 kg/m 2 1.62 m/s 8 3.84410 m 2,380 m/s (8,550 km/h or 5,320 mph) 1.98910 kg 695,990,000 m (432,560 miles) 3 1,408 kg/m 2 274 m/s 26 3.82610 W
30 22 24 2

## Louis A. Bloomfield, 1999

SI UNITS
Physical Quantity Acceleration Angle Angular acceleration Angular impulse Angular momentum Angular velocity Capacitance Density Electric charge Electric current Electric field Electric resistance Energy Entropy Force Frequency Impulse Inductance Length Magnetic field Magnetic flux Magnetic pole Mass Moment of inertia Momentum Power Pressure Specific heat capacity Stress Temperature Time Torque Velocity Viscosity Voltage Work Unit Name 2 meter/second radian 2 radian/second 2 kilogrammeter /second 2 kilogrammeter /second radian/second farad 3 kilogram/meter coulomb ampere newton/coulomb ohm joule joule/kelvin newton hertz kilogrammeter/second henry meter tesla weber Amperemeter kilogram 2 kilogrammeter /radian kilogrammeter/second watt pascal joule/(kilogramkelvin) pascal kelvin second newtonmeter meter/second pascalsecond volt joule Abbreviation 2 m/s rad 2 rad/s 2 kgm /s 2 kgm /s rad/s F 3 kg/m C A N/C J J/K N Hz kgm/s H m T Wb Am kg 2 kgm /rad kgm/s W Pa J/(kgK) Pa K s Nm m/s Pas V J Synonymous Units

2 2

## Nms /rad J/s 2 N/m N/m

2

J/C Nm

SI PREFIXES
Factor 1 10 2 10 3 10 6 10 9 10 12 10 15 10 18 10 21 10 24 10 Prefix deka hecto kilo mega giga tera peta exa zetta yotta Symbol da h k M G T P E Z Y Factor 1 10 2 10 3 10 6 10 9 10 12 10 15 10 18 10 21 10 24 10 Prefix deci centi milli micro nano pico femto atto zepto yocto Symbol d c m n p f a z y