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1.
- Good afternoon!
- Good afternoon!
- My name is Jane. What is your
name?
- My name is Jason. Nice to meet
you.
- Me too.
- !
- !
- . -
?
- .
.
- .
good [] , -, -, -
afternoon [::]
good afternoon [ ::]
(om o6sg go 8evepma)
my [] , -, -, -
name []
what [] , -, -, -
your [:] , -, -, -; , -, -, -
nice [] ; , -, -, -
meet [:] ,
you [:] , , , ,
too [:] ;
2.
- Are you a student?
- Yes, I am.
- Are you Bulgarian?
- No, I am a foreigner. I am Ameri-
can.
- Where are you from?
- I am from New York.
- ?
- .
- ?
- , . -
.
- ?
- .

9
student [] , -,
, -
yes []
I []
Bulgarian [a] , -;
,-,-,-;
no []
foreigner [:] , -
American [] , -;
,-,-,-
where [] ;
from []
3.
- Who is this student?
- This is Alberto.
- What nationality is he?
- He is Spanish.
- And the girl with him?
- This is Susan. She is French.
- Is she also a student?
- Yes, she is. And the man over there
is the teacher.
- ?
- .
- ?
- .
- ?
- . .
- ?
- . -
.
who [:] , -, -, -,
this [g] , ,
nationality [] -

he [:]
Spanish [] , -,
, -, -,
and [] ,
girl [:]
with [g]
she [:]
French [] , -; -
, -, -, - ;
also []
man [] ,
over there [: g] ()
teacher [:] ,
10
4.
- re they from Germany?
- Only the woman is German.
- And the man?
- The man is Bulgarian. He is from
Sofia. He works for the German Em-
bassy.
- Can you give me his telephone
number?
- Yes. It is 234867.
- ?
- .
- ?
- . -
. -
.
- -
?
- . 234867.
they [ge]
Germany [:]
only []
woman [:]
German [:] , -; -
, -, -, -;
work [:] ;
for [:]
Embassy []
can []
give []
his [] , -, -, -
telephone [] ; -
, -, -, -
number []
it []
5.
- Where is your brother?
- He is in Italy. His family is also there.
- Is his wife Italian?
- Yes, she is. But her mother is Greek.
- ?
- .
.
- ?
- . .
brother [g]
in []
Italy []
family []
wife []
Italian [] , -; -
, -, -, - ;
but [a]
her [:] , -, -, -
mother [g]
Greek [:] , ; ,
-, -, - ;
11
6.
- Good evening, Dad! We have got a
guest tonight, my friend Ellen.
- Hi, Ellen! How are you?
- Hello, Mr Morgan! Im fine, thank
you!
- , !
, .
- , ! ?
- , !
, !
evening [:]
good evening [ :]

Dad []
we [:]
have got [ ]
guest []
7.
- Is this your car?
- Yes.
- Is it new?
- No, it is old.
- But this is a black car! Isnt your car
blue?
- No, it isnt. My car is black.
car [:]
new [:] , -, -, -
old [] , -, -, -
black [] , -, -, -
blue [:] , -, -, -
8.
- Who is that woman on the photo?
- This is my wife.
- Shes pretty.
- Yes, she is. Her mother also looks
good but her brother is quite ugly.
- ?
- .
- .
- . -
, .
tonight []
friend [e] , -
hi []
how []
hello []
fine []
thank you [m :]
- ?
- .
- ?
- , .
- ! -
?
- . .
that [g] , , ; , -
,
on []
photo []
pretty [] (sa +eua)
look [] ,
quite []
ugly [] , -, -, -
12
11.
Sue and Linda are sisters. Sue is 5
and Linda is 3 years old. They are
from England but now they are on
holiday in Paris. Their mother is also
in France with them.
C . 5,
3 . -
, -
.
.
9.
- Close the door, please!
- But it is not open. Its closed.
- Oh, Im sorry.
- , !
- . .
- , !
close []
door [:]
please [:]
open [] ; ,-,-,-
closed [] , -, -, -
I am sorry [ ] = sorry -

10.
This is Sheila. She is 23 years old
and works for a foreign company.
She is married and has got a son.
His name is Gerald and he is only 3
years old. They often go out for a walk
together.
T . 23
-
. .
3
. -
.
year [:]
foreign []
company []
married [] ,
son []
often []
go [] ,
go out [ ]
walk [:] , ; -

together [g:]
13
sister []
England []
now []
holiday [] , ;
12.
- Hi, Shirley!
- Hi, Ben! What can I do for you?
- May I see your husband?
- Of course! Come in!
- Thank you!
- David, our neighbour Ben wants to
see you.
- Ben? Where is he?
- He is in the living-room.
- Just a minute!
- , !
- , ! -
?
- ?
- . !
- !
- ,
.
- ? ?
- .
- !

their [g] , -, -, -
France [:]
can []
for [:]
do []
may []
see [:] ,
husband []
of course [ :]
come [a]
come in [a ]
our [] , -, -, -
neighbour [:] , -
want []
living-room [ :]
just [a]
minute []
14
13.
- George, look at these people!
- Yes, I know. Weve got new neigh-
bours.
- Really? Where are they from?
- They are not Englishmen.
- What nationality are they?
- They are Hungarians.
- Where is their luggage? Theyve got
only one bag.
- They are on holiday here.
- But why here?
- Because they have got relatives in
our city.
- I see.
- , !
- , . .
- ? ?
- .
- ?
- .
- ?
.
- .
- ?
-
.
- .
these [g:]
people [:]
know [] ,
really []
Englishman []
Hungarian [a] , -;
, -, -, -;
luggage []
one [] , -, -
bag []
here []
why []
because [:]
relative []
city [] (ao/su)
14.
- Hi, Dad!
- Hi! How are you today?
- Im fine. Weve got a new teacher.
- , !
- ! ?
- . -
.
15
- A man or a woman?
- A woman.
- Where is she from?
- She is from Australia, from Sydney.
- It sounds interesting.
- ?
- .
- ?
- , .
- .
today []
fine [] ,
or [:]
Australia [:]
sound [] ;
interesting []
15.
- Where is my new shirt?
- What colour is it?
- Green.
- Sorry, but I've got no idea! Here is
only your blue shirt.
- O.K. Give it to me, please!
- ?
- ?
- .
- ,
! -
.
- . , !
shirt [:]
colour []
green [:] , -, -, -
no [] , -, -, -
idea [] ,
give []
16.
- May I see these photos?
- Yes, of course! This is my father. He
works at this hotel.
- And who is the tall woman?
- This is my mother. She works at an
office. She is a secretary.
- And this must be your brother Chris.
- Thats right.
- How old is he now?
- Hes almost seven.
- ?
- , ! .
.
- ?
- .
. .
- .
- .
- ?
- 7.
father [:g]
hotel []
tall [:] , -, -, -
office []
secretary [] , -
must [a]
right [] ,
almost []
16
17.
- Good morning, mother!
- Good morning!
- Where is Daddy?
- Hes still in bed.
- Are you ready with the breakfast?
- Yes, the tea is on the table.
- But its too hot.
- You can drink orange juice then.
- Thats a good idea.
- , !
- !
- ?
- .
- ?
- , .
- .
-
.
- .
morning [:] ,
Daddy []
still []
bed []
ready [] , -, -, -
breakfast []
tea [:]
table []
too [:] (npeg npu/aaame/uu
u uapevus)
hot [] , -, -, -;
drink [] ;
orange [] , -, -, -
;
juice [:]
then [g]
17

Nouns

Gender

apauamuveu, ecmecm-
8eu pog .
, .
, .
brother father [:g]
sister mather[:g]
tiger [:] man []
lioness [] woman [:]
, -
.
house []
bird [:]
-
. .
My cousin is a beautiful girl.
[ a : :]
.
My cousin is eighteen.
[ a ]
() ,- 18 .
.
husband wife

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waiter [:] waitress []

boyfriend [] girlfriend [:]

cock [] hen []

Countable and uncountable nouns

uuam qopuu kakmo sa eguucm8euo, -
sa uuo+ecm8euo vuc/o.
a boy five boys
[ ] [ ]

a bed two beds
[ ] [: ]

usuam qopua sa uuo+ecm8euo vuc/o.
, piece of
[ : ], a slice of [ ], a bit of [ ] .
bread a slice of bread
[] [ ]

water two glasses of water
[:] [: : :]

, -
, :
ue6pouuo 6pouuo
hair a hair
[:] [ :]

iron an iron
[] [ ]

glass a glass
[:] [ :]

information a bit of information
[:]

advice a piece of advice
[]

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Indefinite Article

one -
-
. eguu,-a,-o; uskak68,-8a,-8o; -
.
: [] an [].
, -
:
a child [ ]
a year [ :]
a friend [ ]
a university [:]
n , -
.
an evening [ :]
an hour [ :]
-
, .
a beautiful girl [ : :]
a red sweater [ :]
a well-paid job [ ]
Definite Article


. - the,
[g] [g].
[g] ,
c6a/acua no/ga/acua .
the yard [g :] ,-
the milk [g ]
the home [g ] ,-
20
[g] , a/acua -
.
the end [g ] ,-
the Englishman [g ] ,-
the afternoon [g ::] ,-
, ,
.
the fast car [g : :]
the well-dressed woman [g ::]
Personal Pronouns (subject)
()
eguucm8euo vuc/o
I []
you [:]
he [:]
she [:]
it []
uuo+ecm8euo vuc/o
we [:]
you [:] ,
they [g]
. I 8uuaau ce nu-
me c a/a8ua 6gk8a. ,
, as .
My husband and I are leaving for Paris.
as .
. , nog/oa6m ue
ce usngcka.
We are ready.
.
I am tired.
.
She is at home.
.
They are going home.
.
21
The Verb To Be


Ho/o+ume/ua qopua
I am []
you are [:]
he is []
she is []
it is []
we are [:]
you are [:]
they are [:]
I am a student. .
You are American. .
He is French. .
She is 9 years old. 9 .
It is dark [:]. .
We are Englishmen. .
You are right. .
They are friends. .
Ompuuame/uama qopua not
.
I am not [ ]
you are not [: : ]
he is not [: ]
she is not [: ]
it is not [ ]
we are not [: : ]
you are not [: : ]
they are not [g : ]
22
C6kpameuu no/o+ume/uu u ompuuame/uu qopuu:
Im [a]
Im not [a ]
youre [:] , ,
you arent [: :] , ,
hes [:]
he isnt [: ]
shes [:]
she isnt [: ]
its []
it isnt [ ]
were []
we arent [ :]
theyre [g]
they arent [g :]
B6npocume/uama qopua ( -
).
m I? ?
Are you? ?
Is he, she, it? , , ?
Are we? ?
Are you? ?
Are they? ?
The Verb To Have

uuau, npume+a8au,
got [].
got,
do.
Ho/o+ume/ua qopua
I have (got) [ ]
you have (got)
he has (got) [ ]
she has (got)
it has (got)
we have (got)
you have (got) ()
they have (got)
23
Melanie has got a house in New York.
.
She has got relatives in this city.
.
We have got two little children [ ].
.
They have got two cars.
.
Our neighbours have got three dogs.
.
Ompuuame/ua qopua
I have not (got)
you have not (got)
he has not (got)
she has not (got)
it has not (got)
we have not (got)
you have not (got) ()
they have not (got)
C6kpameua qopua
I have got = I've got [ ]
He has got = He's got [: ]
I have not got = I havent got [ ]
He has not got = He hasnt got [: ]
Ive got a key [:] for his flat [].
.
They havent got a car.
.
24
B6npocume/ua qopua
Have I got? Do I have? ?
Have you got? Do you have? ?
Has he, she, it got? Does he, she, it have , , ?
Have we got? Do we have? ?
Have you got? Do you have? ?
Have they got? Do they have? ?
Has he got an E-mail address?
?
Do you have my phone number?
( ) ?
Does your neighbour have a car?
() ?
Cardinal Numbers
(0-12)
0 zero []
1 one []
2 two [:]
3 three [m:]
4 four [:]
5 five []
6 six []
7 seven []
8 eight []
9 nine []
10 ten []
11 eleven []
12 twelve []
-
. [].
2345620
two-three-four-five-six-two-oh
,
double [a], g8oeu, g8a n6mu.
114478 one-one-four-four-seven-eight
u/u double one-double four-seven-eight