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Motor Starting Study Exercise

1. Exercise 1: System Setup additional data for MS based on SC study files Source and Branch Parameters Same as load flow and short-circuit studies. Switching Motor Data for Static MS Element Accel T Accel T No Load Full Load 2 1 2 4 2 4

St Load* 100 100 25

Final Load 100 100 90

T Begin 0 0 1

T Final 0 0 5

Mtr 1 Mtr 2 Syn 1

* Set starting category data for Category 1, 2, and 3. * Check data for Mtr4 and Mtr5. Switching Motor Data for Dynamic Acceleration MS Element Mtr 1 Mtr 2 Syn 1 Mtr Model * Single 2, HV-HS-LT, MV500HP2P Charac., LV-HS-HT, LV200HP2P Single 2, HV-HS-HT, MV1000HP2P Load Model FAN a k**3 Recip. Comp H 0.4 0.2 .5

* In Motor Parameter Update Dialog, uncheck all boxes. Starting Category Element Normal Back Up Mtr Model Mtr 1, Mtr 4 Mtr 2, Mtr 3

ETAP Workshop Notes 5.0

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Motor Starting Study Exercise


2. Exercise 2: Motor Starting Case 1 Set up Study Case: MSCase-1 Using Design Load, No load diversity factor. Run simulation for 15 Seconds. Include XFMR LTC in Pre-starting Load Flow, not during simulation. Acceleration motor model based on Mechanical Load. Use default settings on Adjustment and Alert Pages. Check all alert options with minimum violation span = 0.2 second. Use Normal configuration. Action sequence: Time 0.2 second Study Case: MSCase-1 Parameter Setting Start Mtr 5, at 60% load and ramp load from 60% to 100 % in 3 seconds. Switch on static load Load 2, Loading Category: Design Start all motors in the system belong to Normal Category

3 second

Run Static Motor Starting Check results from OLV display, plot and report. Is system voltage ok? Is the problem real or is it related to user entered acceleration time and sequencing? Run Dynamic Motor Starting Check results from OLV display, plot and report. Is system voltage ok? Can all the motors be started? Solution to solve problem with motors failing to start (to increase acceleration torque): Change starting sequence Change pre-starting voltage Use XFMR LTC Use Starting device What type of starter should be used here? (Cap) Use larger motor Try to change Mtr4 Starting Load from 60% to 40% -- Can Mtr 4 be started? Check for low voltage problem Is there a voltage problem? How to solve it?

ETAP Workshop Notes 5.0

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Motor Starting Study Exercise


3. Exercise 3: Starting Devices Run Dynamic Motor Starting Configuration: Tie-Open, Study Case: MSCase-1 ( Change simulation duration to 15 seconds) Check bus voltage for starting motors. (Mtr1 V < 80%) How can you solve the problem? ( Re-sequencing, start at reduced load, using starter?) Try Using Starting Device What type of starting device to use? Try current control soft starter and Capacitor bank at motor terminal. Is it a good way of solving problem? Current Control Setting 400% 400% 200 or 250% 400% Starting Device Capacitor at Bus/Terminal Speed Setting Type 0 1000 kvar Fixed 95 Remove

Speed 0 2 2 95 95

Type Fixed Fixed Ramp Fixed Remove

Try voltage control soft starter.

ETAP Workshop Notes 5.0

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Motor Starting Study Exercise


4. Exercise 4: MOV Starting Set up MOV data Both MOVs have Hammer Blow. Both MOVs do not have Micro Switch. Both MOVs have Vlimit = 80. T = 0.5 second for Start, Full Speed, Seating/unseating, and Stall periods. 5 seconds for Travel period. Set up Study Case MSCase-2 and MSCase-3 Using Design Load, No load diversity factor. Run simulation for 15 Seconds. Include XFMR LTC in Pre-starting Load Flow, not during simulation. Acceleration motor model based on Mechanical Load. Use default settings on Adjustment and Alert Pages. Check all alert options with minimum violation span = 0.2 second. Use Normal configuration. Action sequence: Study Case: MSCase-2 Parameter Setting Start all motors in the system belongs to Backup Category Switch on static load Load 1, Design category Start OpenMOV and ClosedMOV Study Case: MSCase-3 Parameter Setting Switch on static load Load 1, Design category Start OpenMOV and ClosedMOV Start all motors in the system belonging to Backup Category

Time 0.2 second 3 second

Time 0.2 second 3 second 5 second

Run Dynamic Motor Starting with MSCase-2 Check results from OLV display, plot and report. Check MOV starting process. Run Dynamic Motor Starting with MSCase-3 Check results from OLV display, plot and report. Check MOV starting process.

ETAP Workshop Notes 5.0

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Motor Starting Study Exercise


5. Exercise 5: Load Transition Set up Load data All Motor: Design -- 100%, Normal 90%, Winter -- 75. All Static Load: Design -- 100%, Normal 80%, Winter -- 90. Mtr 1: Design -- 100%, Normal 80%, Winter 0%. Mtr 2 & 3: Design -- 100%, Normal 0%, Winter 90%. Set up Study Case MSCase-4 Using Design Load, No load diversity factor. Run simulation for 10 Seconds. Include XFMR LTC in Pre-starting Load Flow, not during simulation. Acceleration motor model based on Mechanical Load. Use default settings on Adjustment and Alert Pages. Check all alert options Use Normal configuration. Action sequence: Study Case: MSCase-4 Parameter Setting Switch to Normal Load Category Exclude MV loads >= 5000 kVA Switch to Winter Load Category Exclude MV loads >= 1200 kVA Exclude MV loads >= 1000 kVA

Time 0.2 second 3 second

Run Dynamic Motor Starting with MSCase-4 Check results from OLV display, plot and report. Check bus load change. Check if any motors are started or stopped.

ETAP Workshop Notes 5.0

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