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2008

Code of Practice
Everest Wall Solution

Everest Industries Limited | 2008

CONTENTS
Everest Industries Limited Everest Wall Solution Types of Wall Solutions Design Considerations for Walls Structural Acoustic Thermal Fire Services Impact Protection Performance Requirements Fire Performance Requirements Acoustic Performance Requirements Everest Dry Wall General Guidelines Technology Basic Materials: Stud & Track, Board Basic Materials: Everest Wall Board Installing Steel Framework Fixing Board over Steel framework Fastener Spacing Treatment of Corners Treatment of Wall Endings Treatment of Opening Ducting / Conduiting Checklist of materials and accessories Checklist of Tools and Equipments Jointing Systems Jointing with groove finish Joint-less with beveled boards Joint-less with Square edge boards Installation Details Dry Wall in Double Skin Full Height/Half Height G.I. Framework Dry Wall in Double Skin Full Height/Half Height Timber Framework Dry Wall in Single Skin Full Height/Half Height Aluminium Framework Dry Wall in Single Skin Full Height/Half Height Timber Framework Paneling with G.I. Framework Paneling with Timber Framework Paneling without Framework System Index Everest Wet-Area Wall
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Appendices

EverestIndustriesLimited
Everest Industries Limited (EIL), as an established and reputed name in India since 1934 for the manufacturing and marketing of Fibre Cement products. EIL's current product portfolio covers both roofing as well as plain boards and composite panels, which finds its applications in different segments like industrial, commercial as well as residential for wall and ceiling lining, dry wall partitioning and prefab shelters or portable cabins. EIL is a fast growing company and its turnover has reached US $ 75 million registering CAGR of 15% over the last three years. Company has the backing of vast experience and expertise, both organizational and technical. The Ultra Modern Research and Development facility is manned with experienced, skilled and dedicated personnel engaged in product, plant and technology development. The R&D activities are directed towards modernization automation and technological innovation, development and commercialization of value added products and towards exploring new avenues for import substitution and utilize waste materials.

EverestKeyFacts

Sales of 303 cr. ($75m) 5 major production facilities 1100 employees Over 3000 retail points Fast growing export market in Europe, Africa, Australia & Asia

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EverestPresenceinIndia

EverestWallSolution
Ever since the inception of mankind, the humans have always tried to protect themselves from natural aggressions like storms, rain, hail and so on. They have always wanted to create a space, where they can live with their families, work and spend time. A place which safe, comfortable and protected. With the population continuously increasing and the cost of conventional construction material going up, people are looking for alternatives which are cost effective and can match with the aesthetics and strength of the conventional construction. Also the eventful and demanding life of today does not leave any time for waiting for the construction to complete in months. The solution required is to be a fast construction technology. The solution comes from Everest Industries Limited, an organization pioneer and leader in the field of new age construction material. With its vast experience of building solutions technologies and state of the art research facilities EIL has come up with the Everest Wall Solution Technology, the first of its kind in India. The technology is easy to use, environmentally safe and has strength comparable to the conventional wall. EILs wall solution is a fast, easy to build, cost effective and quality solution to all the wall related problems in modern day construction. EIL provides a wide range of wall solutions, which include Different thicknesses of walls with varied acoustic and thermal properties.
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The wall could be finished and textured in as many forms as one can think. EIL provides different cladding options ranging from Everest Wall Board and Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board, providing a plain finish which could be painted, covered with wallpapers or could be given any other finish as the person likes. The Everest Designer wall board, a pre embossed designer wall board, can give different textured looks. The EILs wall solution can very well solve all the safety and space division concerns of the customers. The walls could be (if required) uprooted and the space could be redesigned as the needs of the user changes. In pursuit of offering the need based solution for customers, Everest Wall Solutions provides Strong, speedy and safe construction.

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TypesofEverestWallSystems
Everest offers three types of wall systems: 1) Everest Dry Wall System: Suitable for non-load beading walling in commercial, residential and all other kind of buildings. This is a very versatile kind of system, accepted and adopted worldwide. This system has tremendous flexibility to adapt to a particular need. The frame sizes can be varied, the board sizes and thicknesses can be varied. We have outlined three variations in this system as shown in sketches below.
Everest Wall Board Insulation C-Stud Everest Wall Board

Everest Wall Board Everest Wall Board Strip Insulation C-Stud Everest Wall Board Strip Everest Wall Board

Everest Wall Board Plasterboard Insulation C-Stud Plasterboard Everest Wall Board

2) Everest Wet-Area Wall System: This system is very similar to the previous kind. The difference is that this is meant for wet area construction. Hence, this uses slightly different categories of materials and accessories.
Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board C-Stud Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board

3) Everest Solid Wall System: This is made with ready-made solid wall panels. It is extremely fast to construct and also gives a very solid look.
Solid Abutment Everest Solid Wall Panel

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DesignConsiderationsforWalls
Walls are one of the three most important components of any building. These have to play multiple roles, like: Protection against natural elements (rain, sun, snow etc.) protection against human beings and animals (intruders) supporting the structure (in load bearing structure) Hosting several other building components like plumbing pipes, door-windows, light fittings etc. providing visual barrier between two areas cutting-off sound/noise blocking/reducing heat propagation preventing fire propagation providing a bearing surface to accept treatments for aesthetics (paint, stone cladding etc) Each of the above mentioned are very important features of any wall, and care should be taken for the same. It is important to note that in different situations different features play decisive role in wall design. For example: Lecture Hall/Auditorium > cutting-off sound Outer walls in Tropical areas > blocking/reducing heat propagation Outer walls in very cold areas > blocking/reducing heat propagation Boundary wall > protection against intruders, providing visual barrier Bathroom wall > protection against elements (moisture), hosting fixtures

It is therefore important to know what is critical to the particular wall before designing it. Various walling systems are in practice, and they should be chosen with utmost care. Also, almost in all systems, there are ways available to modify the wall properties to suit the particular need. This manual describes the wall systems available from Everest Industries Limited and provides insight into which to use where. It also outlines the ways to customize the systems to suit the requirement.

StructuralConsideration

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In this manual, we do not talk about walls that bear the load of the structure. Our systems described here are all non-load bearing wall systems. These are often called partitions. We should be, however, aware that even non-load bearing walls have to bear certain loads, like: Self load Lateral load (horizontal push) Load of any object/device hanging on the wall for example wall lights, shelves, pictures, mirror Load of cladding/finishing etc. Sometimes these are very heavy, ex marble cladding. Wall height: Height of the wall affects the bending moments that occur at its ends and the amount of deflection at the centre. Greater the height, more the bending moment, hence, stronger it has to be. Horizontal span of the wall: Long straight walls are susceptible to failure due to lateral loads. Interrupting them with perpendicular walls make them stronger and more stable.

AcousticalConsideration
Acoustics of a room can be divided into two parts: Noise/Sound level maintained within the room. This is determined by the sound absorption properties of wall, floor, ceiling and other room furnishings. Sound transmitted from the room to the adjoining room through wall, ceiling, floor and openings. This depends on sound insulation properties wall, ceiling and floor. Sound Absorption Sound absorption depends upon the surface properties of wall. Soft surfaces absorb more sound than hard surface. Sound absorption requirement depends upon; Required noise level to be maintained Level of sound created in the room

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Places like church, hospital wards, song recording room require very low noise level. They need good sound absorbing surfaces. Places like auditorium, shopping malls, crowded office are very noisy. Here noise needs to be controlled by sound absorption. Sound Insulation Sound insulation is the reduction of sound passing from one place to another through a dividing element. Sound insulation property of a wall depends upon the composition of the wall. Sound insulation becomes critical when high level of privacy is required between adjoining rooms.

ThermalConsideration
Thermal insulation is a very big issue in places where the climate is very hot or very cold. In hot areas, people devise ways to cut heat propagation into the building. For example the windows facing sun are either avoided or made small, usually with larger chhajas, so that direct sun ray does not enter the room. Heat transmission through the wall is minimized by: Using materials with higher thermal mass (heat capacity) Using reflective surface on the wall Using materials with low thermal conductivity

Everest walls are designed to give high thermal performance. Thermal properties can be varied in Everest Dry-Wall by changing following parameters: Stud Depth: Greater depth gives greater insulation Board Thickness: Increase in board reduces thermal transmission Insulation Infill: Space inside the studs can be filled with insulating materials to increase thermal performance.

FireConsideration
Fire is another crucial factor to consider. Fire can cause irreversible and insurmountable damages in no time. It is one of the most talked about subject in building protection. Construction codes of most of the countries in the world give special emphasis on fire protection.

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Everest is very proud to talk about fire efficiency of its walls. The basic material of wall Everest Wall Board is a cement based product and is completely incombustible. Everest walls have been tested for very high level of fire resistances. We offer fire rated walls ranging from hr to 2 hr which is enough to meet criteria of most building codes.

ServiceConsideration
Walls have to take in service routes, like electrical conduits, plumbing lines etc. Everest Dry-Wall and Everest Wet-Area Wall have capabilities to run electrical and plumbing lines very easily. The methods are explained in detail in the respective chapters.

ImpactProtection
Walls may be subject to excessive loadings like hard body impacts, crowd pressure etc. Areas like following are susceptible to such loads: Corridors of cinema halls > subject to crowd pressure Corridors of hospitals > subject to trolley impacts

High Impact walls can be made with Everest heavy Duty Wall board. Thicknesses of board used can be increased to increase impact strength. When we are trying t achieve high strengths, along with boards, stud depth and thickness should also be increased. Protective devices like handrails, crash rails, buffer rails, chair rails, corner guards, large splayed skirting, protective plates and sheeting Should also be used in public areas.

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PerformanceRequirements
FireRatedSystems
General To select the correct wall system from those detailed in this manual, you must first determine your performance requirements for Fir e Resistance Level (FRL), Weighted Sound Reduction Index (Rw) and impact sound insulation. To help you, the wall systems have been divided in two sections, covering steel frames and timber frames. These sections are further divided into non-rated and fire rated applications. The fire rated applications contain information on load bearing and non-load bearing systems. Framing arrangements such as single, staggered and dual frames are included. Special applications such as security panels have also been included. Note: Additional performance requirements, such as abrasion, impact and moisture resistance, should also be considered. Non-Fire Rated Systems Non-Fire Rated Wall systems are constructed using a layer of Everest Wall Boards Lining applied to one or both sides of a steel or timber frame. The arrangement of the frame, the thickness of the Wall Board Lining and whether or not an absorbent acoustic fill is placed in the cavity depend upon the required resistance to damage by abrasion and impact and the specified sound transmission properties.

Additionally, in some instances all the walls are not required to be fire rated but does require the wall lining to be non-combustible. Everest Wall boards lining may be used in these cases, because it is confirmed as a non-combustible material confirming to BS-476 standards.

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Fire Rated Systems Fire Rated Systems for an application are selected on the basis of the required Fire Resistance Levels (FRL) as set out by the local governing regulations in addition to any acoustic requirements. Fire rated wall systems are constructed from light weight framing (steel or timber) that is lined on both sides with one or two layers of fire resistant Everest Wall Board Lining and/or an additional layer of plasterboard lining. It is relatively simple to achieve a Fire Resistance Level (FRL). Irrespective of the frame type (i.e. steel or timber framing), the lining thickness of both the layer of Fire Resistant plasterboard and Everest Wall Boards Lining will always be the same for the specified FRL. The use of load bearing and non-load bearing systems will depend on the application. The timber framed systems detailed in this manual are generally used in non-load bearing applications. The steel framed systems detailed in this manual are propriety framed systems and are generally used in non-load bearing applications. Steel frames can be designed by a qualified structural engineer to be load bearing, provided minimum size sections are equivalent to the systems in this manual to retain the FRLs.

AcousticsRatedSystems
General Soundproofing is any means of reducing the intensity of sound with respect to a specified source and receptor. There are several basic approaches to reducing sound: increasing the distance between source and receiver, using noise barriers to block or absorb the energy of the sound waves, using damping structures such as sound baffles, or using active anti-noise sound generators. Soundproofing affects sound in two different ways: noise reduction and noise absorption. Noise reduction simply blocks the passage of sound waves through the use of distance and intervening objects in the sound path. Noise absorption operates by transforming the sound wave. Noise absorption involves suppressing echoes, reverberation, resonance and reflection. The damping characteristics of the materials it is made out of are important in noise absorption. The wetness or moisture level in a medium can also reflect sound waves,

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significantly reducing and distorting the sound travelling through it, making moisture an important factor in soundproofing. Three different types of sound transmissions need to be controlled for complete sound insulation. Acoustic transmission in building design refers to a number of processes by which sound can be transferred from one part of a building to another. Typically these are: 1. Airborne transmission - a noise source in one room sends air pressure waves which induce vibration to one side of a wall or element of structure setting it moving such that the other face of the wall vibrates in an adjacent room. Structural isolation therefore becomes an important consideration in the acoustic design of buildings. Highly sensitive areas of buildings, for example recording studios, may be almost entirely isolated from the rest of a structure by constructing the studios as effective boxes supported by springs. Air tightness also becomes an important control technique. A tightly sealed door might have reasonable sound reduction properties, but if it is left open only a few millimetres its effectiveness is reduced to practically nothing. The most important acoustic control method is adding mass into the structure, such as a heavy dividing wall, which will usually reduce airborne sound transmission better than a light one. 2. Impact transmission - a noise source in one room results from an impact of an object onto a separating surface, such as a floor and transmits the sound to an adjacent room. A typical example would be the sound of footsteps in a room being heard in a room below. Acoustic control measures usually include attempts to isolate the source of the impact, or cushioning it. For example carpets will perform significantly better than hard floors. 3. Flanking transmission - a more complex form of noise transmission, where the resultant vibrations from a noise source are transmitted to other rooms of the building usually by elements of structure within the building. For example, in a steel framed building, once the frame itself is set into motion the effective transmission can be pronounced. The ability of Everest fire and acoustically rated walls to reduce airborne sound depends on four factors: 1. Mass of the linings and their intrinsic characteristics. 2. Width of the wall cavity. 3. Framing configuration. 4. Inclusion of a fibre blanket of batts as sound insulation into the cavity.

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To achieve the performance results stated in this manual, you must take particular care to seal between the frame and primary structure (e.g. at a deflection head). Any gaps in the wall system can lead to substantial losses of acoustic rating. Repeated tests have shown that where Everest Wall Boards Lining is used, for the same cavity width, there is no practical difference in performance between timber and steel studs of the same depth. Therefore results achieved on a steel frame may be applied to a timber frame with equal cavity width and vice versa. The systems presented in this manual provide excellent acoustic performance that range up to an Rw of 69.

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Acoustic Insulation Acoustic performance of a wall system can be improved (i.e. Rw values increased) by installing an absorbent fill in the cavity. This is usually an acoustic grade fibreglass or polyester blanket or batts not less than 25mm thick. Impact Sound Insulation Where the application is required to reduce impact sound, you must select a system that is either sound; staggered however, or dual will stud. not Resilient achieve channels can be used to reduce impact they isolation of the walls Resilient Channels Where the wall is required to minimize the transmission of impact sounds, either select a staggered or dual stud system. Where cost is a constraint, resilient channels, fixed to the side of the wall subject to impact, may be used as an alternative. While less effective than staggered or dual stud systems, the level of sound isolation may be adequate for applications such as between a corridor and an office space.

FramingArrangements
General Generally, there are three basic types of walling systems available to designers: the single, staggered and dual frame systems. All three wall systems can achieve the same FRL levels when the same lining materials are selected, but they will provide different acoustic properties. Single Stud Frame System The single stud frame system is a single leaf wall with lining on each side. This system has the lowest acoustic rating when compared with the other two systems and will not adequately insulate against impact sound.
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Staggered Stud Frame System The staggered stud frame system in a series of staggered studs that are fixed to the same top and bottom plate. The linings are fixed to the outside faces of the studs. This system has higher acoustic properties than the single stud framed system and will insulate against impact sound. Note: This system should not be selected if services are required to run though the walls. Services require support battens that will bridge frames, reducing acoustic properties and preventing impact sound isolation. Dual Stud Frame System The dual stud frame system uses two separate frames that are not connected. The outside face of each frame is then lined. This system will achieve the best acoustic properties and will insulate against impact sound.

SpecialApplications
General Everest Dry Walls can be used in a range of special applications. Walls Designed for Impact Everest Dry Wall Lining has a harder surface than plasterboard, so it offers increased resistance to surface abrasion, indentation and impact. Using Everest Wall Boards Lining can therefore reduce maintenance costs, particularly in areas such as hospitals, airports, schools and similar buildings subject to above-average wear and tear. Service Cavities In quality buildings, you should avoid services in fire and acoustically rated walls. While it is not difficult to maintain the fire resistance levels, the acoustic property of the wall may be diminished. If this cannot be avoided, we recommend that services be run through a service cavity, fixed on the face of the wall. Where you cannot avoid putting services within the wall, you should select a dual stud frame system, and take care in the selection of framing systems and the method of

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installation of services. Ensure that services do not bridge wall frames as this will reduce acoustic performance and prevent impact sound isolation. Security Panels Everest Dry Wall Lining (typically 9 mm thickness) may be used to construct wall in areas that are required to be secure. Steel sheeting (0.55 mm thickness) may be either glued to the back of the sheets or pop riveted to the frame prior to sheet fixing. This construction greatly increases resistance to impact (e.g. from hammer blows). It is recommended as a lining to one or both sides of wall where security is a major issue, e.g. holding cells in police stations or equipment store rooms in schools. Where security needs to be higher, you can use a laminate that consist of Everest Wall Boards to one or both sides of a steel sheet. Typically 0.5, 0.75, 0.95, 1.15, 1.5 or 1.95 mm BMT steel sheet is bonded between 6 mm or 9 mm sheet of Everest Wall Boards. These laminates to show impact remarkable penetration. Balance laminates that have fibre cement sheets on each side of steel sheet must be used for external walls. For internal walls and ceilings where temperature and humidity variations are small, the single sided laminate is acceptable. Smoke Walls Everest Wall Boards have the best possible Early Fire Hazard properties and does not generate any smoke in a fire. For these reasons, Everest Wall Boards is commonly used to create smoke Walls in hospitals. Radiation Shielding Walls Radiation shielding walls may be constructed using fire and Acoustically Rated Light Weight Walling methods by laminating lead to Everest Wall Boards. Typically 9mm sheet is used as a substrate for lead sheet of a thickness determined by a designer to meet the radiation shielding specification. Care in design and installation is essential to maintain the continuity of the lead sheet. Design, installation and certification should be carried by specialists in this field. resistance

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EverestDryWall
GeneralGuidelines
Interior Applications General Guidelines for Dry Walls & Paneling Everest Wall Boards can be fixed to both timber and steel frame construction, both in load bearing and non-load bearing framework. The following general guidelines for installation are applicable for joint-less (for rendering joint-less finish with Everest Wall Boards it is recommended to use only Low Hydric Movement board conforming to IS 14862 Type B Category III) and non joint-less finishes for partitions and panelling applications. The following principles must be followed: At all nailed or screwed board joints the centre line of the joint must coincide with the centre line of the stud, runner or plate. This is to ensure sufficient edge clearance for fixing of adjoining boards along the board edges. Fix board across the door, ceiling or window openings then cut away waste board. All end joints in the boards must be laid to an offset pattern. In all joint-less applications, the end joints must not coincide with corners of door, window or ceiling openings as these joints may crack due to minor frame movement. Studs, plates or runners must be provided behind all vertical, sloped and horizontal board joints and edges.

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All Everest Boards edges must be fully supported by the framing except for specific oneway framing specifications. Framing must have sufficient lateral fixing so as not to rely on the Everest Boards for stability. For standard-impact areas the timber or steel framing specification is to have studs at 600 mm horizontal c/c and runner at 1200 mm vertical c/c. Use 6/8 mm Everest Board. For high-impact areas or heavy-use commercial areas, studs must be at 600 mm horizontal c/c and runner at 600 mm vertical c/c. Use only 8/10/12 mm Everest Board. Boards must be fixed 15 mm clear of the floor for panelling / partitioning applications. Care must be taken to ensure that this gap does not become filled with other materials during finishing procedures. Fix the board from the centre working towards the outside to avoid drumminess. It is recommended that when ever possible boards are to be fixed horizontally to minimise the number of joints and give structural stability and for increased impact resistance. However, for application up to 3000 mm height boards may also be laid vertically as well. For applications of one board width or less, boards must be fixed vertically only. Timber Frame Chemically treated kiln seasoned, timber sections should only be used for structural framework. Chemically treated kiln seasoned timber section is required to minimise shrinkage. This is particularly important for applications which are more than one board length in height. Wall Boards must not be fixed to timber framing with moisture content in excess of 20%. Timber framing to be either, say 50 mm wide or, when chemically treated kiln seasoned is used, 35 mm wide sections may also be used for non load bearing partitions/ panelling. Fix 6/ 8/ 10 mm thick Everest Boards to timber frame using 50 mm x 2.5 mm long galvanised flat-head nails to the centres shown in the relevant diagrams to the perimeter of all boards, intermediate studs and runners. Alternatively 6, 8, 10mm thick Everest Boards may be fixed to the timber framework using self embedding type Everest Board fibre cement screws. Do not fix the screws closer than 15mm from the board edges or 50 mm from the corner of the board. Steel frame Steel framing for Everest Boards applications can be both non-load bearing or load bearing. For steel framing follow the same guidelines as detailed for timber framing.
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However, load-bearing steel studs must have sufficient strength and thickness to resist all vertical and horizontal loads. Usually for steel framing, members of load-bearing construction must be fabricated from light-gauge board steel 0.75 mm to 1.25 mm thick. If heavier sections are used difficulties may be experienced in fixing the self-drilling, self-tapping fasteners. At all Everest Board joints the minimum flange width of 34 mm is required to adequately fix the boards with the correct edge distances. For 6/ 8/ 10 mm thick Wall Boards use 3.8 mm dia. x 25 mm long self embedding Everest Board Fibre Cement screws. Fixings for steel frame to be at the same edge distances as for timber frame. Board Installation

Correct Method

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For the correct board installation sequence, boards should always be fixed in staggered manner on both sides as well as in same surface. The first board is screwed to the open side of the stud flange. The flange deflects at first, but is then pulled tight as the screw takes up the slack. It is important to fully screw off the board on this side of the stud before continuing. Ensure the stud is adequately supported to avoid it twisting. The next board is screwed to the web side of the stud. Not only is the deflection at this part of the flange very small, but the previously installed board helps keep the assembly rigid during the installation of the second board.

Incorrect Method When the incorrect fixing procedure is used, the outer side of the flange can deflect away leaving a permanent step to the outside face of the boards. The stud must be firmly supported while the correct method is used. When adequate stud support is not given, twist can take place resulting in a permanent lipped distortion.

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Provision for control joints Control joints must be provided to relieve stresses imposed by structural movement including those due to excessive changes in temperature and humidity. For joint less finish correct provision for horizontal or vertical control joints are very important for the better integrity of the structures and durability of the system. Horizontal control joints: For large height partitions and panelling horizontal control joints must be provided at 4800 mm vertical centres from the base of the wall for all framing constructions. Vertical Control joints: Vertical control joints must be provided to all long partitions / panelling at 7200mm c/c maximum. These control joints must be full height from floor to ceiling. Provision for relief joints Relief Joints are basically provision for space between two adjoining boards and play a vital role in sustenance and integrity of structure against stress developed on account of variation in temperature, moisture or due to vibrations and impacts. The jamb line of wall openings such as doors and windows is an ideal location for relief joints. The relief joint must be formed from the bottom of the window to the floor and from the top of the window to the ceiling in the line of the jamb. Relief Joints are essential between two heterogeneous surface junction namely door or window or ventilator opening, internal and external corners etc. Where Everest Board abuts exterior concrete, brick or concrete block hallow walls it must be isolated by a flexible sealant, otherwise moisture transfer could occur. Notes: Seal the joint with a non acetic or acetic cure flexible fungal resistant silicone sealant for the full length of the application and when aceticure silicones are used special priming requirements are necessary. Use acoustic sealant for this detail when acoustic performance is required. Provision for external and internal

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corners External impact straight corners: resistance edge, external For extra a

and

PVC/Steel corner

perforated

angle must be fixed and topping up bevelled edges of the boards. Flush finish the angle with perforated synthetic self adhesive tape/putty jointing compound and finishing compound / putty. Internal corners: Use bevelled-edge boards to internal corners and finish with jointing compound, perforated or synthetic self adhesive tape and top coat/ putty.

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Provision for electrical and plumbing facilities Wherever electrical or plumbing facilities are to be provided within the partitions or panelling, special care should be taken to make the framework as well as board fixing. Additional members are needed to support plumbing or electrical facilities. In case of additional storage or facilities panelling

supported

over

partitions

additional horizontal members are to be provided and studs are suitably spaced to take care of the loading requirements. Batten requirements Battens are required to fix the boards when the boards are fixed over: Gypsum board exceeding 15 mm in thickness Soft board, polystyrene or similar Concrete, masonry block or brick

Battening specification: Timber battening is to be a minimum 50 mm wide x 25 mm deep to give adequate board to nail penetration. Steel battens are to be a minimum of 52 mm wide x 26 mm deep x 0.55 mm thick and to have a bearing

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surface of 52 mm. Battens are to be galvanised steel with 220 grams / sq. m. coating of zinc as per IS 277. All battening centres and board fixing is to be strictly in accordance with the framing and fixing required by this guideline. Care must be taken to ensure the battens are packed and aligned to give a true even surface for the boards to be fixed. Check the face of the battens with a long straight-edge before fixing the boards.

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DryWallTechnology
BasicMaterial:SteelStudandTrack
Steel stud and track are used to make the structural framework on which boards are fixed to create the wall. GI framework consists of following basic components: The basic concept of metal framing is that tracks are run around the floor, ceiling and wall surfaces to form the boundary of the plane in which the partition has to come. This boundary is spanned across by metal studs in vertical direction and spacing bars in horizontal direction. The studs, held at top and bottom by tracks, form the load bearing frame to which the cladding sheet is fixed. The spacing bars ensure that the studs are in right place and their spacing is accurate. There are two sizes of tracks and studs. The sizes determine the thickness of the partition wall as well as its strength. Whereas thinner sections are for usual partitions, thicker ones are useful where greater strength is required or where thicker pipes are to be taken inside the partition wall. The sizes should be chosen as per the individual requirement of the project and the place of application. Please consult a qualified engineer.

BasicMaterial:EverestWallBoard
Everest Wall Boards are fibre cement building boards manufactured from a homogenous mixture of Portland cement treated cellulose fibres, quartz and other select mineral fillers. The cement acts as a hydraulic binder while the cellulose fibres get interlocked with the cement and quartz matrices, thereby making the boards stronger and more durable. Everest Wall Boards can be used in a wide variety of segments like residential, commercial and industrial installations.

InstallingSteelFramework
Check the level of the ground with water level tube. Mark the lay out of the partitions plan on the floor and corresponding positions of tracks on wall and ceiling.

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Calculate the various lengths of tracks required and cut them to size. First, fix the tracks on floor by using expandable screws and caps. Then fix tracks on wall and ceiling. Cut Studs of desired sizes. Insert them between the top and bottom track and fix with self drilling screws. These studs come with punctures at certain intervals. Check out if these punctures are sufficient for your ducting needs. Else, make necessary punctures in the web of the stud before fixing to the framing. Caution: In cases where a significant slab live load deflection must be accommodated, the anchoring of these studs may restrict slab movement and cause partition cracking. In these cases, anchoring of these studs may need to be omitted. The services of a design professional are desirable to identify these instances and address them on a casespecific basis. Where a stud directly abuts an exterior wall and there is a possibility of condensation or water penetration through the wall, place an asphalt felt strip between stud and wall surface. Where Door and window frames are coming, follow the instructions given in the Framing Openings section.

FixingBoardoverSteelFramework
Fixing Place 6mm packers along floor as temporary support for sheets. This will allow for any frame movement/shrinkage. Put first sheet in place as shown. Ensuring the sheet is level, fix the first sheet starting from the centre of sheet and working outwards to avoid any drumminess. Sheet joints must coincide with the centre line of the framing member. At door and window openings fix sheets around the opening in a way that the sheet joints do not coincide with the edges of openings. The sheet joint must be 200mm min. away from the opening edge. Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards lining joints are set with proprietary jointing compounds reinforced with perforated paper tape. Both recessed edge and butt joints require joint setting by using the jointing products outlined. There are various factors that can affect the performance of
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jointing compounds on edge recessed fibre cement substrates. These factors include the framing, movement, installation quality, vibrations, moisture, humidity, temperature, etc. To achieve satisfactory joint performance these factors need to be carefully considered and understood by the installer and designer when positioning joints and selecting jointing compounds. Furthermore, it is important that the jointing compound used has the physical attributes required to perform considering these factors. Sheet layout on wall Cut the Wall board approximately 12mm less than floor to ceiling height to allow for building tolerances. Ensure that a 6mm building tolerance gap is provided at the floor and ceiling junctions with the board lining. Everest Wall Boards may be laid on the frame either horizontally or vertically. Fastener Spacing

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Treatment of Corners Framing at the corner must be such that Everest Wall Boards can be firmly attached to the vertical studs and leave sufficient space from the inside corner to do so. Studs should be attached to the tracks a minimum of 2 but not exceeding 6 from where the tracks intersect. The edges of first applied panels will extend slightly beyond these corner studs, and the edges of second applied panels will overlap the plane of first enough to ensure good tapping of the inside corner. Outside corners of partition intersections require firm attachment of panels to perpendicular edges of the outside corner stud. Treatment of Opening All the openings should be framed with steel studs and tracks. The recommended practice for most installations is to position floor to ceiling height studs vertically, adjacent to frames, and anchor them securely to the top and bottom tracks with screws. Fabricate sill and header sections from steel tracks and install them over door openings and over and below any other opening. Make these sections 6 longer than the rough openings and at both ends slit flanges 3 deep and bend the web so that the flanges overlap to the adjacent vertical studs. Securely attach them to the adjacent studs with self drilling screws. Install cripple studs in the centre above the door opening and above and below door and window opening. The straightness and squareness of the framing or substrate must be checked thoroughly. Any deformities must be corrected prior to installing the sheet. Ducting/Conduiting

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Electrical and plumbing ducts may be taken through the framing. Check out their sizes before choosing the size of the framing members. Jointing and Finishing Everest Wall Board lining joints are set with proprietary jointing compounds reinforced with perforated paper tape. Both recessed edge and butt joints require joint setting by using the jointing products outlined. There are various factors that can affect the performance of jointing compounds on edge recessed fibre cement substrates. These factors include the framing, movement, installation quality, vibrations, moisture, humidity, temperature, etc. To achieve satisfactory joint performance these factors need to be carefully considered and understood by the installer and designer when positioning joints and selecting jointing compounds. Furthermore, it is important that the jointing compound used has the physical attributes required to perform considering these factors Nail Fastening We recommend that fibre cement screws be used. They are self drilling type, and are also capable of countersinking into the board so that the head flushes with the board surface. Control Joints The jamb line of wall openings such as doors and windows is an ideal location for control joints. The control joint must be formed from the bottom of the window to the floor and from the top of the window to the ceiling in the line of the jamb. Wall Abutment Where Everest Wall Boards abuts exterior concrete or concrete block walls it must be isolated by a flexible sealant joint, otherwise moisture transfer could occur. Corners reinforcing with PVC Corner Angle For extra impact resistance and a straight edge to stop to, a PVC angle must be fixed over recessed edges of the sheets. Flush over the angle with bedding compound and finishing compound. Corner reinforcement with paper tape and bedding compound Use recessed-edge sheets to internal corners and finish with bedding compound, paper reinforcing tape and finishing compound. Flush joint finishing for non tiled finishes For non-tiled finished, flush jointing may be done by beveling the edges, finishing with two layers bedding compound with reinforcing paper/fiber tape between them. Relief Joints
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On large tiled wall areas, relief joints must be provided in the Everest Wall Boards and the tiles at 4200 mm maximum horizontal centers and 3000 mm vertical centers. Wall areas must be restricted to a maximum of 10 m2 in all cases. Provide relief joints within tiled areas at the following locations:

At internal vertical corners At junctions between background materials Around the perimeter of tiled areas At all changes of plane.

Relief joints must continue through the tiles and the Everest Wall Boards to the support frame. Relief joints must be a minimum of 5 mm wide and filled with a flexible silicone sealant compound. When a waterproofing membrane is used, the membrane is to be continuous across the joint.

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JointTreatment
The joints between two adjoining Boards could be finished with variety of joint finishing and the details are given as below:

JointlessFinish
Joint-less finish with Everest Wall Boards can only be obtained using factory finish bevelled edged boards. However, site bevelled boards are required for joint-less finish at the corners or wherever the bevelled edges of board been cut to fit to the dimensions. To render joint-less finish, use only dry board and in hot dry conditions the joint area may be dammed to avoid premature setting of Everest Jointing Compound. For the reinforcement of the joint use synthetic perforated self adhesive tapes only of 48 mm nominal width. At the internal corner joints centre the reinforcing tape in to the internal angle pressing firmly on the bevelled edges of Everest Wall Boards and immediately embed the tape with the coat of Everest jointing compound. Use perforated PVC corner angle rather than G.I. angle on external corner to avoid corrosion in wet and semi wet areas. Fix the external G.I. / PVC external corner angle at 300 mm c/c to each angle leg in a staggered manner. Fill over the G.I. / PVC external angle to the edges of bevelled edges of Everest Wall Boards with jointing compound. The board joints and corner flush joints must be formed using only Everest jointing compound. Adhesive property of jointing compound is important for flush vinyl finishes therefore finishing compound must not be used over the Everest jointing compound. Ensure the Everest jointing compound is finished smooth to accept the vinyl/laminate.

UniformGapFinish
Everest Wall Boards joints could be finished with uniform gap finished on fixed on to the substrate framework of timber or steel using suitable nails or Everest fibre cement screws. Alternatively, the board edges could be jointed or covered with PVC, G.I. Timber mouldings for better aesthetics. In wet areas the uniform gaps are to be filled up with flexible silicon sealant.

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UniformGrooveFinish
Everest Wall Boards joints can be finished with uniform groove keeping 1- 2 mm gap all through the joints, fixed on to the substrate framework of timber or steel using suitable nails or self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws. However, to achieve this finish, boards are to be chamfered uniformly at edge on site before fixing or installation.

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JointlessFinishingProcedure
Dry and Semi Wet Area Preparation of Jointing Compound Take a clean stainless steel or plastic container Mix the clean water paste for 5-10 minutes with putty knife. Do not apply jointing compound in a temperature less than 10C and more than 80% Rh. If rain splashes observed on board, complete drying of board necessary for further application of jointing compound. Ensure all the screw heads are driven 0.5 mm below the surface of the board surface. Application of First Layer Clean the bevelled portion of the jointing area from dirt and other foreign particles or oil substance and firmly press the 48 mm wide synthetic self adhesive tape over the full width of bevelled portion. Ensure that there is no void under the tape. Immediately cover the tape completely with a thin layer of Everest jointing compound applied with a 100 mm wide knife or metal patti. Sand and smoothen the surface and allow the joint to dry for a minimum period of 2 hours. Application of Second Layer Application of this layer is carried out using 200 mm trowel once the first layer joint is completely dry. A minimum 200 mm wide layer is applied using the same Everest jointing compound spreading minimum 75 mm on each side of the bevelled joint and allow to dry for a minimum of 24 hours. The second layer of jointing compound must be sanded smooth suitably to accept level II finishes. Everest jointing compound is difficult to sand hence sanding operation should be completed immediately after the joints are completely dry. Finishing coat (optional required for level III, IV or V finish) Thoroughly check the undulations of the joint-less finish areas using metallic scale or putty knife and if needed fill up the jointing area with an additional skim coat (thin layer made out of lower consistency of jointing paste adding water suitably) to remove dry undulations and to ensure appearance of any shade difference.
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When the skim coat dries up, sand the entire joint area including the adjoining board area up to a minimum 300 mm on both side of the centre of the joint. The board is now ready to accept cement primer. If superior level of joint-less finish is needed (i.e. level IV or V finishes) applying the top coat on the entire area of the boarding and repeat the same operations. Finally finish the entire board area including the joints with minimum 2 coats of 100% water based acrylic cement primer Wherever the boards meet the wall a gap of minimum 5 mm should be kept which can be filled up using the same jointing paste and allow to dry. This can be finished in half round using putty knife. Internal Corners Application of First Layer Using a 75 mm chamfered broad knife, centre the synthetic self adhesive tape into the internal corner pressing it firmly over the cleaned bevelled joint area, keeping the high point of the knife directed into the corner. Necessary precaution should be taken so that the synthetic self adhesive tape does not get cut while pressing the same in the bevelled area. Repeat all other operations as stated in the straight joint-less finishing procedure. External corners External corners are formed using a similar process to that for internal corners. Caution should be taken while fixing vinyl / laminate layer in radius corners or square corners. Plugging of Cut-Outs If a cut-out has been made in the partitions, panelling or false ceiling at a wrong location and if it needs to be plugged can be done as per the following steps: If the area of the cut-out is less then 100sq cm, provide backup support with short piece Everest Wall Boards larger than the size of the cut-out. Cut the Everest Wall Boards in required shape and size of the cut-out. Paste that piece on to the support board using rubberized adhesive. Leave the gap of 1-2 mm on all sides and treat the gap/joint as described in section above. In case the cut-out area is more than 100sq cm then provide additional substructure behind the cut-out. Cut the Everest Wall Boards in required shape and size of cut-out. Fix the Everest Wall Boards with the substructure using self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws. Leave a gap of 1-2 mm on all sides and treat type gap/ joints. The joint is to be treated as described in section above.

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JointlessFinishingwithSquareEdgeBoards
The joints can be filled out or not. If they are filled out, the material used for the effect is a mastic sealant. The filled out joints should be tight against the air and the water. The width of the joint should be such that the mastics can support, permanently, the daily and seasonal deformations that happen. The depth of the mastic should be adapted to the width of the joint and the nature of the mastic. The primer, when necessary, should assure the wanted adherence between the mastic and the bearing. Its capacity should be evaluated jointly with the mastic and the construction materials constituent of the elements to tie. The stuffing material, after insertion, should possess a resistance enough for application and smoothing of the mastic. It should not contain, besides, matters that can harm the adherence of the mastic to the flanks of the joint. It should still assure a concave geometric form of the mastic. It should not impede, in an inadmissible way, alterations in the form of the mastics, when movements of the construction elements take place. The limitation, in the case of fire in the building, of a possible propagation of the fire to the dry wall structure, implicates the evaluation of the behaviour of the mastics and stuffing materials under fire. The depth of the mastic should be equal to the width of the joints and in vertical joints; a string of flexible polyethylene should control it.

CurvedApplications
Everest Wall Boards have an excellent dimensional stability and therefore it yields only very small dimensional movements even under extreme temperature and humidity changes. But, the boards may be used for curved applications using following procedure. Applications
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1. Curved ceilings, walls and columns in offices, hospitals, schools concert halls departmental stores and railway stations etc. 2. Curved area of eaves soffits, basement car parks, kitchens, toilets and other areas of high humidity. 3. Curved areas for specially designed fire-resistant partitions, walls and panels. Framework (Curved Partitions/Wall linings) Mark the floor as per the layout plan. Cut the floor and ceiling channel at one side of flange through its web at every 150mm. Put this channel at the marking and bend the channel according to the layout marking. Fix it with nylon sleeves and wooden screws at every 150mm c/c to the floor. Fix head channel, as described above in plumb and line with the floor channel, at the soffit or ceiling as described above. Insert metal studs at 305(12) mm intervals in between the floor and head channel. Check if the frame work is properly aligned and plumbed, as per the layout marked at the floor. Boarding Fixing 6mm boards are to be curved one by one, prior to installation by making them sufficiently wet by sprinkling water on both sides of the boards. Allow these boards to absorb water for 30 minutes. Make 1220mm wide wooden structure of the required radius, but limited to 600mm, minimum. Put the wet boards on to this wooden structure and try to press the boards very gently, starting from the centre to the ends on both sides. Keep pouring water during this process. As soon as the board gets the shape, it is to be removed from the wooden structures and to be placed at floor vertically width-wise and left for air drying. All the boards are to be bent like this before fixing. Now place the first board along the frame work at one end.

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Start screwing the board from one end of the board, by using self tapping screws 12mm away from the edges and 40mm from the corners at 200mm c/c to each metal stud and floor & ceiling channel.

Complete the entire area as above. Jointing and finishing is to be done as per recommended practice.

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InstallationDetails
DryWallinDoubleSkinFullHeight/HalfHeightG.I.Framework
Materials Required:
G.I Sections as C vertical stud profile and U profile floor / ceiling track. Everest Wall Boards/Everest Designer Wall Boards 6mm/8mm/10mm with specified texture and finish.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1: Mark the layout of the partitions on the floor, and fix the U profiles on the floor and ceiling and C profile vertical stud to abutment securely fixed @ 600 mm c/c with 35 mm long stainless steel wood screws with nylon sleeves/wooden gutka. Step 2: Insert vertical studs (C profile) @ 600 mm c/c in the U profile with the allowance for board width tolerance. Step 3: Fix the U profiles as horizontal runners on to vertical studs at sill / lintel level, around other openings shown as per architectural drawings. In case the partitions height is more than 2400 mm, fix the U profile as horizontal runner on to the vertical studs @ 1200 mm c/c. Extra studs to be provided where the 600 mm spacing is disturbed. Step 4 : Fix the Everest Wall Board on both sides of the studs and channel section with 25 mm self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws in staggered fashion (both side) to avoid through joints @ 300 mm c/c. Remove connecting screws of U profile used as horizontal runners, with stud in alternate fashion to avoid uneven surface. External angle screws are to be fixed @ 200 mm c/c using Everest fibre cement screws as well. Step 5: For thermal and acoustic insulation, fill the infill space with the thermal/acoustic insulation material preferably in chicken wire mesh of approved thickness and density. Step 6: If joint less finish is required for the partition, refer to the section on treatment of joints. Step 7: For final finishing, Everest Wall Boards can be painted, polished or laminated whereas Everest Designer Wall Boards can be painted or polished.

Notes on Usage:
1. At T or L junctions, the back of abutting stud to be fixed on the flange of main partition stud (having the space between them equal to the thickness of Board with 35 mm long drywall screws. 2. Screws should be placed at no more than 300 mm c/c spacing and not less than 15 mm from the edges and 50 mm from the corners. 3. The head of the screw must be embedded inserted 0.5 mm below the surface duly filled with putty to conceal the screw. 4. If semi concealed joint is desired, a uniform gap of 2-3 mm must be left between the adjacent Wall Boards which can be filled with recommended jointing compound/Sealants

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5. For durable joint less finish, used only Low Hydric Movement boards in dry condition, duly primered on both sides and edges prior to fixing / installation. 6. Wherever doors and windows are coming, additional U sections are to be used to form door or window opening fixed during the erection. The door or window frames are to be fixed with metal frame using screws penetrating 35 mm into the vertical member. 7. In door and window openings minimum 50 mm wide chemically treated seasoned timber framework, duly coated with 1-2 layers of bituminous paint, and is to be snap fitted on to the metal frame. 8. 100/150 mm wide skirting of 12 mm thick Boards may also be provided, fixed with fully threaded screws/ headless nails on to the finished partition. 9. Boards should be primered with a coat of 100% acrylic water based cement primer on both surfaces and edges, before installing in place. Use dry boards only.

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DryWallinDoubleSkinFullHeight/HalfHeightTimberFramework
Materials Required:
Timber Sections of 50/75mm x 50mm. Everest Wall Boards 6mm/8mm with specified texture and finish.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1: Mark the layout of the partitions on the floor. Fix the timber sections on the floor and ceiling securely fixed using 35mm long stainless steel wood screws with nylon sleeves/wooden gutka.
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Step 2: Fix and secure vertical timber sections @ 610mm c/c with ceiling and floor timber sections. Step 3: Fix the horizontal timber sections @ 1220mm c/c on to vertical studs at sill / lintel level, around other openings shown as per architectural drawings. All horizontal and vertical members should be in same plane secured properly to each other through dove tailed joinery, adhesive and stainless steel wood screws. Step 4: Fix Boards on both sides of the framework with 25mm self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws in staggered fashion (both side) to avoid through joints @ 300mm c/c. External angle screws are to be fixed at 200mm c/c using Everest fibre cement screws as well. Step 5: For thermal and acoustic insulation, fill the infill space with the thermal/acoustic insulation material preferably in chicken mesh of approved thickness and density. Step 6: If joint less finish is required for the partition, refer to the section on treatment of joints. Step 7: For final finishing, Everest Wall Boards, can be painted, polished or laminated whereas Everest Designer Boards can be painted or polished.

Notes on Usage:
1. Screws should be placed at no more than 300mm c/c spacing and not less than 15mm from the edges and 50mm from the corners. 2. The head of the screw must be embedded 0.5mm below the surface duly filled with putty to conceal the screw. 3. If semi-concealed joint is desired a uniform gap of 2-3mm must be left between the adjacent Boards which can be filled with recommended jointing compound. 4. Wherever doors and windows are coming additional timber sections of minimum 50mm wide chemically treated kiln seasoned, duly coated with 1-2 layers of bituminous paint are to be used to form door or window opening fixed during the erection. The door or window frame is to be securely fixed with wooden framework using 75 or 90mm long stainless steel wood screws penetrating 35mm into the vertical member. 5. 75mm wide timber section is to be used in conjunction with 8mm thick Everest Boards wherever partition height is more than 2400mm. 6. 100/150mm wide skirting of 12 mm thick Everest Boards may also be provided fixed with fully threaded screws/ headless nails on to the finished partition. 7. For durable joint less finish, used only Low Hydric Movement boards in dry condition, duly primered on both sides and edges prior to fixing / installation. 8. Boards should be primered with a coat of 100% acrylic water based cement primer on both surfaces

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COP | Everest Wall Solution | Page | 44

DryWallinSingleSkinFullHeight/HalfHeightAluminiumFramework
Materials Required:
Standard aluminium frame 63.5mm x 38.1mm (as per approved manufacturers specifications) Everest Wall Boards/Everest Designer Boards 10mm/12mm with specified texture and finish. Aluminium beading/cleat (18mmx17mm or as per approved manufacturers specifications) with neoprene/EPDM gasket.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1: Mark the layout of the partitions on the floor. Fix the aluminium sections on the floor and ceiling securely fixed using minimum 50mm long stainless steel wood screws with nylon sleeves/ wooden gutka. Step 2: Fix and secure vertical aluminium sections @ 915mm/1220mm c/c with ceiling and floor using proper angle cleat and pan head screws. Step 3: Fix and secure horizontal aluminium sections @ 1220mm c/c on to vertical studs and at sill/ lintel level, around other openings shown as per architectural drawings. All horizontal and vertical members should be in same plane secured properly to each other through angle cleats and pan head screws. Step 4: Fix Everest Boards of specified thickness using aluminium beading and neoprene/EPDM gasket, snap fitted on to the frame holding board on to the frame. Step 5: For final finishing, Everest Boards can be painted, polished or laminated whereas Everest Designer Boards can be painted or polished as per specifications or drawings, taking care of aluminium framework such that paint or polish doesnt spill over the frame.

Notes on Usage:
1. Wherever shown in drawing clear /float glass of 5mm/6mm thickness can be inserted in place of Everest Boards using aluminium beading and neoprene/EPDM gasket. 2. Wherever doors and windows are coming, additional aluminium sections are to be used to form door or window opening fixed during the erection. The door or window frame is to be securely fixed with aluminium framework using angle cleat and pan head screws. 3. To make the cabin airtight provide rubber gasket all along the perimeter of the shutter/window. 4. Boards should be primered with a coat of 100% acrylic water based cement primer on both surfaces and edges, before installing in place. Use dry boards only. 5. In case the textured finish is required on both sides, Everest Designer Boards of 4mm/6mm thickness in required texture can be pasted back to back with the recommended adhesive pressed completely for good bonding before inserting into the frame.

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COP | Everest Wall Solution | Page | 46

DryWallinSingleSkinFullHeight/HalfHeightTimberFramework
Materials Required:
Seasoned timber Sections of 50mm x 50mm. Everest Boards 10mm/12mm with specified texture and finish.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1: Mark the layout of the partitions on the floor. Fix the timber sections on the floor and ceiling securely fixed using 35mm long stainless steel wood screws with nylon sleeves/wooden gutka. Step 2: Fix and secure vertical timber sections @ 610mm c/c with ceiling and floor timber sections. Step 3: Fix the horizontal timber sections @ 1220mm c/c on to vertical studs at sill / lintel level, around other openings shown as per architectural drawings. All horizontal and vertical members should be in same plane secured properly to each other through dove tailed joinery, adhesive and stainless steel wood screws. Step 4: Fix the wooden moulding of specified dimension or as per architectural drawing at one side of partition using headless nails, along the perimeter of the frame work. Step 5: Insert Everest Boards of specified thickness into the block of frame and fix securely by nailing the wooden moulding with headless nails on the other side of the frame. Step 6: For final finishing, Everest Wall Boards can be painted, polished or laminated whereas Everest Designer Wall Boards can be painted or polished.

Notes on Usage:
1. Wherever doors and windows are coming additional timber sections (minimum 50mm wide, chemically treated kiln seasoned, duly coated with 1-2 layers of bituminous paint) are to be used to form door or window opening fixed during the erection. The door or window frame is to be securely fixed with wooden framework using 75mm or 90mm long stainless steel wood screws penetrating 35mm into the vertical member. 2. Wherever shown in drawing clear/float glass of 5mm/6mm thickness can be inserted in place of Everest Wall Boards / Everest Designer Wall Boards using wooden moulding as per specifications. 3. While painting or polishing timber sections, adjacent boards and mouldings should be properly covered, to avoid spill over of paint and polish. 4. Boards should be primered with a coat of 100% acrylic water based cement primer on both surfaces and edges, before installing in place. Use dry boards only. 5. In case the textured finish is required on both sides, Everest Designer Wall Boards of 4mm/6mm thickness in required texture can be pasted back to back with the recommended adhesive pressed completely for good bonding before inserting into the frame. 6. Decorative mouldings may be fixed around the perimeter of the panel made out of the timber framework using headless nail or countersunk stainless steel screws.

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PanelingwithG.I.Framework
Materials Required:
G.I sections: Perimeter U profile, supporting W profile. Everest Boards 6mm/8mm with specified texture and finish. Fasteners and screws of specified material and dimension.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1 : Fix the unequal flange U shaped channel with shorter flange facing outside, onto the bottom, top and periphery of the wall by nylon sleeves / wooden gutka and expandable fasteners inserted in to the wall using stainless steel wood screws placed @ 300mm c/c. and ensure that all members are in same plane. If required, short pieces of Everest Boards / wooden gutka are inserted to bring all the members in same plane. Step 2: Fix the supporting W profile in between the U profiles @ 600 mm c/c vertically and @ 1200 mm c/c horizontally. Step 3: Fix the Everest Wall Board/Everest Designer Boards to the frame with self-tapping screws, leaving an air gap of 15mm at floor level. Step 4: Cover up the air gap with minimum 150mm wide skirting at floor level. The junction at the ceiling / wall can be covered with decorative moulding or cornice as per architectural drawings or engineer- in-charge. Step 5: For joint less finish, refer to the section on treatment of joints.

Notes on Usage:
1. The air gap is necessary to prevent moisture retention in the Everest Wall Boards. For panelling, Everest Boards are to be primered on both the sides with 100% acrylic water based cement primer before installing the boards on to the framework. Use dry boards only. 2. If the panelling is to be done on a damp wall, all the G.I. Sections are to be duly coated with zinc chromate primer/bituminous paint, secured to the wall with G.I. cleats. 3. For panelling on very damp walls, only vertical sections should be used and an air gap of 15 mm left at the ceiling level to permit air to percolate. 4. For fixing Cornice or Mouldings, the surface is to be made thoroughly clean and preferably apply a coat of rubberised adhesive at the back of the cornices/mouldings. Fix Cornice/mouldings using headless nail/ counter sunk stainless steel screws. 5. Electrical wiring or any other service lines should be embedded in the wall leaving outlets at required position. If the service lines are not laid before, then use 12.5 mm dia. conduits clamped on the wall and main supporting W profile can be trimmed at the required position. 6. For durable joint less finish, used only Low Hydric Movement boards in dry condition, duly primered on both sides and edges prior to fixing / installation.

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ISOMETRIC VIEW

HEAD AND BASE DETAIL

DETAIL AT X

DETAIL AT JUCTION OF PANELLING AND PARTITION

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PanellingwithTimberFramework
Materials Required:
Seasoned timber Sections of 50mm x 50mm, of grid size 1220mm x 610mm / 610mm x 610mm. Everest Wall Boards 6mm/8mm with specified texture and finish. Fasteners and screws of specified material and dimension.

Installation Procedure:
Step 1: Fix the timber sections onto the wall with nylon sleeves/wooden gutka inserted into the wall using stainless wood screws @ 300 mm c/c, to form a grid of 1220 mm x 610 mm / 610 mm x 610 mm leaving 15 mm air gap from the floor. Step 2: Adjust the unevenness of the surface, if any, using wooden gutka to bring the entire frame in same plane. Step 3: Fix the Everest Wall Boards/Everest Designer Wall Boards on to the frame using self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws, leaving an air gap of 15 mm at floor level. Step 4: Cover up the air gap with minimum 100mm wide skirting at floor level. The junction at the ceiling can be covered with wooden decorative moulding or cornice as per architectural drawings or engineer-in-charge. Step 5: If joint less finish is required for panelling, refer to the section on the treatment of joints. Step 6: For final finishing, Everest Wall Boards can be painted, polished or laminated whereas Everest Designer Wall Boards can be painted or polished.

Notes on Usage:
1. The air gap is necessary to prevent moisture retention in the Wall Boards. For panelling, Everest Wall Boards are to be primered on both the sides and edges with 100% acrylic water based cement primer before installing the boards on to the frame work. 2. If the panelling is to be done on a damp wall, only chemically treated kiln seasoned timber sections duly painted with a coat of bituminous paint should be secured to the wall with G.I. cleats. 3. For panelling on very damp walls, only vertical sections should be used and an air gap of 15 mm left at the ceiling level to permit air to percolate. 4. For fixing Cornice or Mouldings, the surface is to be made thoroughly clean and preferably apply a coat of rubberised adhesive at the back of the cornices/mouldings. Fix Cornice/mouldings using headless nail/ counter sunk stainless steel screws. 5. Electrical wiring or any other service lines should be embedded in the wall leaving outlets at required position. If the service lines are not laid before, then use 12.5mm dia. conduits clamped on the wall and the timber sections can be trimmed at the required position. 6. For durable joint less finish, used only Low Hydric Movement boards in dry condition, duly primered on both sides and edges prior to fixing / installation.

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ISOMETRIC VIEW

HEAD AND BASE DETAIL

DETAIL AT X

DETAIL AT JUCTION OF PANELLING AND PARTITION

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PanelingwithoutFramework
Notes on Usage:
1. For panelling without framework, use 8/10/12mm thick Everest Wall Boards duly coated with oil bound bituminous primer on its rear side. Boards are to be fixed onto the wall with PVC/Nylon sleeves/wooden gutka inserted into the wall using self embedding type Everest fibre cement screws @ 300 mm c/c on expandable fasteners. 2. In case of a damp wall, it is advisable to leave an air gap in between the Everest Wall Boards and the wall or insert a layer of damp proof material such as bituminous felt.

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COP | Everest Wall Solution | Page | 54

EverestWetAreaSystems
Wet area lining may be done in wall and floor as well as countertops (Kitchen) etc. Fixing Substrate Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards may be fixed over timber framing, light gauge steel framing or battens fixed over masonry. Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards Fixed Over Light Gauge Steel Framing

Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards Fixed Over Wooden Framing

Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards Fixed Over Masonry wall with metal/wooden Furring

In regular partition walls and ceilings the maximum frame distances is 600mm c/c. For flooring application, the maximum frame distance is 450mm. Before fixing Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards, one should ensure that the timer frame or masonry wall is not wet; if so, allow it to dry before fixing Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards. The straightness and

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squareness of the framing or substrate must be checked thoroughly. Any deformities must be corrected prior to installing the sheet. Sheet joints must coincide with the centre line of the framing member. At door and window openings fix sheets around the opening in a way that the sheet joints do not coincide with the edges of openings. The sheet joint must be 200mm min. away from the opening edge. Cut Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards approximately 12mm less than floor to ceiling height to allow for building tolerances. Ensure that a 6mm building tolerance gap is provided at the floor and ceiling junctions with the Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards lining. Fastener spacing on wall

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Fixing and Jointing Jointing and fixing would be carried out as per the points mentioned in the general guidelines specified in the General guidelines section. Special Treatment for Corner Reinforcement The corners are vulnerable areas for damages and leakages. They should be reinforced as shown below: Wall Corners Fix PVC corner angle if edges are bevelled, else fix fibreglass mesh Lay waterproof membrane over it Put tile adhesive and lay the tile

Floor Corners Fix fibre-glass mesh at the corners Lay waterproof membrane Put the tile adhesive and lay the tile.

Fig: Corner reinforcements with PVC corner angle and fiberglass mesh
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Waterproofing It is recommended that waterproofing be done over the sheets before laying tiles or any other finishing. Based on the water usage, the areas can be divided into three zones: Wet areas Semi-wet areas Dry areas

The entire of the wet area like the floor and walls of bath cubicles is to be waterproofed. All the semi wet areas, like baths, wash basin, sinks, laundry tubs etc, should be waterproofed to a distance of 300mm from the splash zones. Waterproof membranes are available from different manufacturers in liquid form. Around 1.5 litres of waterproofing compound covers a 1 sq m area with a film thickness of 1mm per coat. Refer to manufacturers instruction for application method. Control Joints/ Expansion Joints Control joints are required in long runs of Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards lining walls or floors in either direction. These joints are designed to take up the structural movement between the sheets and the building frame. Control joints should also be provided at frame junctions / joints such as wall intersections. Whenever the span exceeds 4.5m, a control joint is necessary. Tile Fixing Tile Thicknesses The thicknesses of tiles used over Everest Heavy Duty Wall Boards lining are restricted based on stud centers and the thickness of the sheet.
Maximum Tile Thickness Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board Thickness (mm) Maximum Tile Thickness (mm) 600 mm Studs C/C 450mm Studs C/C 6 9 13 9 13 18

Some Important construction Details

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Drawings Installation of Plumbing Fixtures Hole Forming: Small rectangular or circular holes can be achieved by drilling a series of small holes around the perimeter of the hole then tapping out the waste piece from the sheet face. Tap carefully to avoid damage to sheets and clean rough edges with rasp. Fixing Pipe: All the pipes, other than soil pipe, can be taken through the space between the boards fixed on either side. Where ever required, cut the flange portion of studs that have been fixed horizontally over the vertical studs, and fold them apart as shown in picture below.

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FinishingOptions
Levelsoffinish
Everest Wall Boards could be finished with paint / polish / laminate / veneer or heavy vinyl or tiles for different application like partitions / panelling / ceiling / soffit and eaves lining to meet the desired functional as well as aesthetic needs. However, for a specific final decorative effect, flooring is dependent on number of factors like: The use of the room Lighting effects Type of finish required - textured, smooth, gloss etc. The level of water resistance How critical is the standard of finish.

Everest Wall Boards provides a smooth surface enabling all the LEVELS OF FINISH listed below to be obtained. The standard of fixing and finishing must be compatible with the level of finish chosen. These factors must be carefully considered before deciding the level of finish required. The following is a guide to the level of finishes. LEVEL 0: For use in areas where finishing and stopping is not considered necessary. Examples are above ceilings and areas concealed from view. Typically no taping, stopping or finishing is required. LEVEL 1: For use where structural integrity is achieved but the level of finish is not of visual concern. Examples are non-accessible and hidden areas such as attics, back-liners and areas above false ceilings. Typically, joints and corner joints will have reinforcement tape embedded in jointing compound. The surface will be free of excess joint compound. Tool marks and ridges are generally acceptable to a small degree. The areas could be left unpainted. LEVEL 2: For areas that are to be finished with heavy or medium-texture (spray or hand applied) finishes or where heavy wall coverings such as commercial vinyl or tiles are to be applied as the final decoration. This level of finish must be sufficiently smooth to accept vinyl, laminate / veneer tiles or textured coatings without blemishes. It is not suitable where smooth painted surfaces, or light to medium-weight wall coverings are to be applied. LEVEL 3: For use where light texture coatings or wallpaper or other lightweight wall coverings are to be applied. For painted finishes use only for non-critical lighting areas where flat and low-sheen textured paints are to be applied. Gloss and semi-gloss paints are not generally suitable over this level of finish as any minor blemish will show under critical light. When lightweight coverings are used the weight, texture and sheen level of wall coverings applied over this level of finish must be carefully evaluated. Joints and fasteners must be adequately concealed if the wall-covering material is lightweight, contains limited pattern, has a gloss finish, or any combination of these features is present.
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Typically all joints and corner joints must have reinforcement tape embedded in joint compound and a minimum of one separate coat of jointing compound and finishing compound applied over all joints, angles, fastener heads and accessories. All jointing compound must be finished smooth and free of tool marks and ridges. LEVEL 4: This level of finish is for use where gloss, semi-gloss, low-sheen or non-textured paints are specified or where critical lighting conditions occur. Typically all joints and corner joints will have reinforcement tape embedded in joint compound and one additional coat of joint compound applied over all joints, angles, fastener heads and accessories. A thin skim coat of top coat/putty must be applied to the entire surface. The surface must be finished smooth and free of tool marks and ridges and special care must be taken with the application of the top coat/putty to achieve a smooth, true surface suitable for these critical finishes.

RenderingChoices
1. Rendering PVC / Heavy Vinyl Coverings
The heavy vinyl wall coverings that must be used are commercial vinyl wall coverings of the flexible homogeneous type of minimum 1.25 mm thickness. Fix to the Wall Board surface so that all seams are rod-welded by the hot-air welding process. Vinyl must be sealed within 48 hours of installation. Internal corners must have a cover. However, Installation of the PVC / Heavy Vinyl must be to the full fixing specification for approved manufacturers.

2. Wallpaper finishes
Suitable for semi-wet and dry areas Ensure all board joints are joint-less finished and all fixings stopped over. Sand these areas to a smooth flush finish. Coat the wall bords surface with a pigmented acrylic cement board sealer (primer). Make sure the joint-less finish areas are well coated to give an even colour background for the applied wallpaper. Allow the pigmented acrylic sealer (primer) 24 hours to dry then lightly sand with 180 grit paper. The wall is then ready to accept wallpaper finishes. Fix wall papers using suitable adhesives in line with the guidelines and fixing methodology of the approved manufacturers.

3. Rendering Laminate / Veneer Finish


Use minimum 0.8 mm thick laminate / veneer on the reverse (rough) side of Everest Wall Board using synthetic rubberised adhesive. Use dry boards only and apply uniform pressure moving out from centre to edge to expel all entrapped air.

4. Paint finishes Wet areas


In situ coatings in wet areas must not be used unless the work is carried out by a specialist applicator.

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Semi-wet and dry areas Water-based finish (acrylic)


First coat Second coat Third coat Pigmented acrylic primer and wallboard sealer Acrylic gloss (or satin) Acrylic gloss (or satin)

Solvent-based finish (enamel)


First coat Second coat Third coat Refer to the paint manufacturer For the enamel specification.

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Applyingpaintandwallpaperfinishes
For some special applications like clean room partition / ceiling Polyurethanes and epoxy paints can be used. Contact the paint manufacturer for full application specifications. When using waterbased paints use only quality 100 % acrylic paints. Economy paints are not suitable because generally they are less well bound, less moisture resistant and more prone to mould growth. In all cases the manufacturers specification for the selected paint must be followed. Note that most paints require primer before applying finish coats. Before painting, remove any surface dirt, grime or other contaminants and ensure the board is dry. Acrylic paint must not be applied when the air temperature is below 10C.

Storage&HandlingInstructions
Storage
Wall Boards must be stacked on a smooth, level surface. Edges and corners must be protected from damage. Wall Boards should always be stored under a covered space, free of moisture and with adequate ventilation. Wall Boards should be stacked horizontally, never inclined. Preferably the stacks should be 6-8 above the levelled surface. Even in case of space constraints Lower thickness (4, 6 & 8 mm) of wall boards should be stacked horizontally only, never inclined. Direct exposure to rain, sun, frost etc. to Everest Wall Boards when in stack can lead to damages due to thermal and moisture movements. Otherwise once installed it is not an issue. If the boards gets wet/damp due to wrong storage, then it should be dried out before installation in natural weathering conditions. Recommended storage of Wall Boards in each stack is up to 1 meter height per stack with minimum 300 mm gap in between the adjoining stacks. In case the wall boards are to be stored at site where there are no covered sheds available to protect wall boards from weathering effects, ensure that boards are covered with polythene covers and to be stacked over wooden pallets duly stretched wrapped with polypropylene strips.

Bottom level of the stack should be minimum 150-200 mm above the ground level or clogged water level. Preferably, the Everest Wall Boards are to be installed in position within a period of 2-3 weeks.

Handling
The Wall Boards should always be carried on long edges (width wise) by two to four persons to avoid the damage to board and excessive strain on people handling them. Wall Boards should be properly lifted while handing and not to be lifted by corners. Also it should not be dragged over each other to avoid scratches.

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Wall Boards should be stacked flat, fully protected and covered during transportation / storage at sites. While transporting in trucks, care should be taken that sharp metals, rivets, locks and other protruding objects do not damage the wall boards. The Wall Boards should be stacked flat, fully protected & covered during transportation to sites. Ensure that wall boards taken from stack are properly lifted and not slid or dragged from the stack. Avoid dirt settling on the textured surface while cutting, sawing and screwing. Packing strips should be carefully removed before taking out the wall boards / designer wall boards. Avoid rubbing of boards against one another, especially for designer wall boards. While loading and unloading the boards of 2440 mm x 1220 mm (8 x 4) should be lifted by four people, to support the four corners and the middle. Designer Wall Boards should be handled with gloves to avoid spoiling of the primer or apply french chalk on hands to avoid dirt / patch marks while handling.

Accessories
For aesthetic and durable finish of different applications using wall board selection of right kind of accessories plays a very important role. Following are some important accessories required for proper finishing work with Everest Wall boards with timber / steel framework.

Everest fibre cement screws


For the first time Everest Industries Limited has introduced Everest fibre cement screws, which do not required any pre-drilling resulting in enhanced speed of completion. Everest fibre cement screws are self-embedding type (0.5 mm) and the screw heads can be finished with a suitable putty to offer a final finished surface. This protects Everest fibre cement screws from rusting thereby ensuring a durable and aesthetic surface.

Steel Screws
25 / 50 mm stainless screws are also used for fixing Wall Boards against concrete or brick walls. These are primarily being used to resist the effect of moisture which comes in contact with brick or concrete surface.

Dash Fastener
Varieties of PVC dash fastener are being used to fix metallic timber / G.I. sections.

Important Notes:
1. 50 mm long Fibre Cement nails should be used to give a minimum of 25 mm penetration into the timber framing. 2. Use longer Fibre Cement Screws for thicker steel frame. Screw thread should penetrate 5 mm (minimum) into the steel frame. 3. Boards must not be fixed directly over gypsum plaster board in wet areas or splash zones in semiwet areas such as showers and around baths. Remove the existing gypsum board boards and fix directly to the steel or timber framing.

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Health&Safety
Safety precautions
When cutting, drilling or grinding, safety glasses and a dust mask should always be worn. This can be either a disposable dust mask. The mask should fit properly and be approved for use with dust. The mask should be repaired or replaced as necessary and cleaned often. All dry power-cutting operations must be carried out in open-air situations or in well ventilated spaces and preferably dust extraction equipment must be fitted to the dry-cutting tool. All aspects of wet and dry cutting must comply with the latest regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) requirements guided by the local health authorities.

Maintenance
Although Everest Wall Boards are resistant to moisture, the total specification must be designed, installed and maintained to resist the penetration of moisture. It is important to ensure all coatings, jointers and sealants are maintained waterproof to prevent damage to the framing through water penetration. Regular inspections are required to determine whether any system components need replacing.

Fire-Resistance and Acoustic Ratings


Everest Wall Boards can be used for making fire and acoustically rated walls to meet a wide range of performance specifications and service requirements. For specific requirements please contact Technical Support Team, Everest Industries Limited for further details.

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Appendix1 EverestWallBoard
Everest Wall Boards are fibre cement building boards manufactured from a homogenous mixture of Portland cement treated cellulose fibres, quartz and other select mineral fillers. The cement acts as a hydraulic binder while the cellulose fibres get interlocked with the cement and quartz matrices, thereby making the boards stronger and more durable. Everest Wall Board is a multipurpose cement board that can be used in a wide variety of segments like residential, commercial and industrial installations. The applications range from false ceilings to partitions and panelling, door shutters to Flooring, back liners to prefabricated structures, and so on. The limit is what is set by your imagination.

SizesandThicknessAvailable
Standard Sizes Meter (m) 3.05 x 1 .22 2.75 x 1 .22 2.44 x 1 .22 2.135 x 1 .22 1.83 x 1 .22 1.22 x 1 .22 1.22 x 0 .61 0.61 x 0 .61 Thicknes s (mm) Weight (Kg/m2 ) 4 5.96 5 7.45 6 8.94 8 11.92 9 13.41 10 Feet (') 10' x 4' 9' x 4 ' 8' x 4 ' 7' x 4 ' 6' x 4 ' 4' x 4 ' 4' x 4 ' 2' x 4 ' 12 14 16 18 20

14.90 17.88 20.86 23.84 26.82 29.80

Applications
It is multi-purpose cement based flat sheet. Due to its excellent properties, it has found use in a wide array of applications.
Applications for Interiors Applications for Exteriors

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False Ceilings Partitions Paneling Door Shutters Flooring Back-liners

Prefabricated Structures Structural Glazing Back-lining Roof Tiles Substrate Soffit & Eaves Lining Skirting

Miscellaneous Applications Pelmets, Blackboards, Tabletops, Benches, Duct covering, Beam or column encasing, Under-decking, Shelves / Cup Boards

ImportantProperties
Mechanical and General Properties
Properties Apparent Density (Dry) Standard Weight Mechanical Characteristics Minimum Modulus of Rupture (MOR): (at EMC) Minimum Modulus of Rupture (MOR): (In wet conditions ) Impact Strength (Charpy Method) Adhesion/Lamina Bond Strength Screw Withdrawal Strength (FACE) Additional Characteristics Thermal Conductivity at 500C (mean temperature) Linear coefficient of thermal expansion pH value Acoustic Insulation Moisture Content ( at EMC ) Unit Kg/m3 Kg/m2 ISO MPA, N/mm2 MPA, N/mm2 KJ/m2 MPA, N/mm2 N Standard ISO 8336 ISO 8336 8336 ISO 8336 ISO 8336 ASTM D 256 ASTM D 1037 IS 2380, part XIV ASTM C 518 ASTM C 696 10 7 6.9 for 8mm, 7.7 for 10mm 0.9 - 1.0 2000 Value >1200 8.95 for 6 mm

W/m/0K mm/mm/0 C dB

0.21 7.43 x 10-6 8-9 26 dB for 6mm 6 to 8%

BS 2750

Fire Resistance Properties Everest Wall Board is a non - combustible material and qualifies for:
A. Early Fire Hazard Indices as per AS-1530 part III ** PROPERTY RESULT Ignition Index 0* Ignitability 0* Heat Evolved Index 0* Flame Spread Index 0* Smoke Developed Index 0* B. Resistance to Fire as per BS-476 ** PROPERTY RESULT Combustibility Class 0-non combustible as per BS 476 Part IV

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Ignitability Fire Propagation Index Surface Spread of flame Specific Optical Density of Smoke UK Building Regulations

Class "P"-not easily ignited, as per BS 476 Part V <3, as per BS 476 Part VI (Limit<12) Class - 1, as per BS 476 Part VII <5, ASTM E 662 Class "0"

** AS-Australian Standard, BS-British Standard, ASTM-American Standard Moisture resistance and durability Properties Everest Wall Board has very good moisture resistance properties. Dimensional variations due to moisture do not exceed 0.8%. As soon as the board gets dry, it regains its original dimensions. The board has also been tested for durability tests, and confirms to IS-14862 and ISO: 8336.

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Appendix2 EverestHeavyDutyWallBoard
Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board is a superior quality fibre cement product. The name itself implies that the board is specially designed for heavy duty applications. Its load bearing capacity and strength is intended for places where the walls are in frequent contact with moisture and is a higher strength version of Everest Wall Board. It has been specially made to stand in tough conditions and yet keep performing. This new age material is first of its kind launched in India. Few years back, we pioneered in producing asbestos free fibre cement board, called Everest Wall Boards that brought a revolution in Indian building industry. Today, it is a well known and widely accepted product finding variety of applications in interiors and exteriors. Once again we are pioneering into a new fibre cement product. This new age material, called Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board is a Type A category IV fibre cement board as per ISO 8336. It is manufactured in state-of-the art semi-automated manufacturing plant with technological collaboration from world leader in fibre cement boards, viz. Dansk-Eternit. This gives us an extra edge and confidence in our material to meet the ever increasing appetite for quality, strength and durability of material.

SizesandThicknessAvailable
Standard Sizes Thickness 3000 mm x 1200 mm 2700mm x 1200 mm 2400 mm x 1200 mm 6 mm, 9 mm, 12 mm, 15 mm

Applications
Due to its excellent properties, it has found use in a wide array of applications. The correct application may be selected from the from the following table
Applications Paneling Wet Area Lining Eaves and Soffit Lining Tile Underlay External Cladding / Bracing External Decking Roof Sarking Permanent Formwork / Fencing / Rain Screening Recommended Thickness 6.0mm or 9.0mm 6.0mm or 9.0mm 4.5mm to 6.0mm 6.0mm or 9.0mm or 12.0mm 9.0mm or 12.0mm 15.0mm 12.0mm 9.0mm or 12.0mm

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High Impact / Load Bearing Commercial Flooring Hollow or Solid Core Panels for prefab structures Column Encasing / Ducting

9.0mm or 12.0mm 15.0mm 9.0mm or 12.0mm 6.0mm or 9.0mm

ImportantProperties
Mechanical and General Properties S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Property Apparent Density Standard Weight Minimum Modulus of Rupture (MOR):(at EMC) Minimum Modulus of Rupture (MOR):(in wet conditions) Impact Strength (Charpy Method) Adhesion / Lamina Bond Strength Screw Withdrawal Strength (FACE) Thermal Conductivity at 50oC (mean Temperature) Linear coefficient of thermal expansion pH value Acoustic Insulation Unit Kg/m3 Kg/m3 MPA, N/mm2 MPA, N/mm2 KJ/m2 Standard ISO 8336 ISO 8336 ISO 8336 ISO 8336 Value >1500 9.24 for 6mm 21.2 15.7 9.0 for 6mm 12.0 for 9mm 2.1 1200 0.163 9.4x10-6 9-10 32dB for 6mm

ASTM D256 MPA, ASTM N/mm2 D1037 IS 2380, N Part XIV ASTM W/m/oK C518 ASTM mm/mm/oC D696 dB BS 2750

OtherProperties
The dimensional and geometric properties and tolerances confirm to the ISO 8336 standards. Fire Resistance properties Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board is a non-combustible material and qualifies for: a. Early Fire Hazard Indices as per AS-1530 part 3** Property Ignition Index Ignitability Heat Evolved Index Flame Sped Index Smoke Developed Index *Zero is the best result b. resistance to Fire as per BS-476**
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Result 0* 0* 0* 0* 0*

Combustibility Ignitability Fire Propagation Index Surface Speed of Flame Specific Optical Density of Smoke UK Building Regulations

Non Combustible BS 476 Part 4 Class "P" .not easily ignited, BS 476 Part 5 < 3,BS 476 Part 6 ( Limit < 12 ) Class 1, BS 476 Part 7 (Class 1.4;1 = excellent ) < 5,ASTM E 662 Class "0"

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Moisture Resistance Properties Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board made of moisture resistant material as per ASTM C-1185. ** The moisture content at EMC is found to be 11.2%. The maximum change in thickness in presence of moisture is found to be 0.4%, and change in length is found to be 0.1% Durability Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board is made of highly durable material and excel in all durability tests as per ISO: 8336 Part (E) ** and ASTM C-1185. ** The Everest Heavy Duty Wall Board has cleared water impermeability test for 24 hours. It has cleared Frost Resistance Test, Warm Water Test, Soak Dry Test and Heat Rain Test for 25 cycles.

**

ISO International Standards Organization ASTM American Standard AS-Australian Standard, BS-British Standard, ASTM-American Standard.

* EMC Equilibrium Moisture Condition. At EMC, conditions of environment are 23 5oC and 50 10 Rh. % Humidity

Relative

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Appendix3 EverestFCBJointingCompound
It is specially formulated jointing compound in powder form, used for jointing & finishing of cement fibre board as per normal recommended practice. It has been formulated as per International standard to have more used friendly features. It is used for jointing & finishing of joints of cement fibre board to obtain flush & seamless finish. This is an air drying material having improved properties in terms of flexibility & anti cracking. This is specially developed to be used for medium suction building boards & also to suit tropical climatic as well as site working conditions. It attains early strength & allows early decoration. This comprises of natural minerals (calcium carbonate, gypsum etc) & additives (polymer, water retention agent etc) to have properties like easy workability, sand ability & good adhesion with board surface, right workable open time of 100 minutes. It also passes tape adhesion test. This is in very fine powder form & is mixed to clean water to have right consistency paste. After mixing with water, paste is to be left for 10 minutes & to again mix thoroughly. The paste so made is now ready for application. The paste is applied into the joints of boards for embedding joint tape & finishing the surface of the joints, as per recommended practice. The wet mix (paste) should be used be used within 90 minutes. This is packed in 25 kg paper bags & is recommended to store in dry condition inside the building. The shelf life is six months. Paper bags should be handled with care, not using hooks. Also these are to be protected from humidity & water.

Safetyinformation
This does not contain any hazardous or toxic material. All raw materials used are refined & in fine powder form. It does not make burning sensation with skin. However it is required to use hand gloves as well as recommended tools for jointing & finishing. In case it comes in contact with eyes, immediately to wash with quantity of clean running water & to make sure to perfectly wash back of eye lid as well followed with medical assistance earliest possible.

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In case someone has accidentally inhaled or swallowed it, have him/her rest in clean air & to seek medical assistance immediately.

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Everest Industries Limited


GENESIS, G-1, A-32, MOHAN CO-OPERATIVE NDUSTRIAL ESTATE MATHURA ROAD, NEW DELHI PIN 110044 (INDIA) BOARD NUMBERS: +91-11-41731951/52/53 FACSIMILE: +91-11-46566370
2008 | Everest Industries Limited

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