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Spreadsheet for calculating basic lift parameters from Sport Aviation JGR 11-89 H (altitude) V (knots) W (weight) KNOWN CL (lift coef) KNOWN S (wing area) KNOWN S (wing area) CL (lift coef) rho (density) V (ft./sec) V (MPH) SOLVE FOR S (wing area) SOLVE FOR CL (lift coef) SOLVE FOR V (knots) 0.002377 0 0

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

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Spreadsheet #2 From Sport Aviation 1/90 JGR To Calculate Best Range Speed, Minimum Descent Speed and Top Speed ================= Span (ft.) 30.694 Weight (lbs) 1950 Altitude (ft.) 0 E: 0.7 Wetted Area (ft^2) 415 Horsepower: 180 Drag per ft^2 0.0048 Prop Efficiency: 0.85 rho Best L/D (MPH) Best L/D Min. Descent (MPH) Descent (ft./min.) Max Speed (MPH) 0.002377 108.9627 = 16.12511 82.77702 = 521.7401 224.1769 = Flat Plate Area: 1.992 94.5856387 Knots 71.85504786 Knots 194.5980243 Knots

To Calculate Drag Area Using Published Performance Data ================= Horsepower 160 Prop Efficiency: Altitude 0 Rho: Top Speed (MPH) F (total) Wetted Area CD,F 241 = 1.425143 329.1 0.00433

0.85 0.002377

209.2013889 Knots

To Calculate Wing Area Required Based on Type of Flap Used ================= Gross Weight 1950 Rho: Altitude 0 Q: Stall Speed 63.36 = Type of Flaps Used None Plain Split Slotted Fowler CL max 1.5 2.3 2.5 2.6 3

0.002377 10.26762 55 Knots

Wing Area Required: 161.2069711 113.0483669 104.0044975 100.0043245 86.67041459

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Spreadsheet #3 From Sport Aviation 2-90 JGR

Speed (MPH) Altitude: Cruise Weight: Wing Area sq. ft. Wing Span, ft. Sweep, degrees

Mach 1, MPH Mach Number rho CL Aspect Ratio Sweep Factor beta dCL/dAlpha CL@BL0 Incidence Taper Ratio MAC MAC@BL

761.0399 0 0.002377 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0 1 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Chord @BL0, inches Angle for zero lift Root Chord, inches Tip Chord, inches

degrees

inches inches

HORIZONTAL TAIL Lever arm, inches Volume coefficient VERTICAL TAIL Lever arm, inches Volume coefficient

Tail Size

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sq. ft.

Tail Size

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sq. ft.

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Weight and Balance Sport Aviation, May 1990 FS WL Weight FS Moments WL Moments Description 0 0 Engine 0 0 Wing 0 0 Fuselage 0 0 Prop 0 0 Vertical Tail 0 0 Horizontal Tail 0 0 2 People 0 0 Main Landing Gear 0 0 Baggage 0 0 Instruments and Radios 0 0 Fuel 0 0 Engine Accessories 0 0 Seats 0 0 Cockpit Furnishings 0 0 Steps 0 0 Lights 0 0 Lights 0 0 Nose Landing Gear 0 0 Engine Mount 0 0 Rear Seats 0 0 Hydraulic Pump for Gear 0 0 Battery 0 0 0 Center of Gravity

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#DIV/0!

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Engine Cowling Weight: 0.675 lbs/sq. ft. FS Perimeter Weight Moments Area 43 45 45 0.210938 9.492188 0.3125 47 0 0 0 49 0 0 0 51 0 0 0 53 0 0 0 55 0 0 0 57 0 0 0 59 0 0 0 61 0 0 0 62.5 0 0 0 67.5 0 0 0 72.5 0 0 0 77.5 0 0 0 80 0 0 0 TOTAL WEIGHT @F.S. : Wetted Area: 0.210938 pounds 45 0.3125 sq. ft.

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Spreadsheet #6 From Sport Aviation, June, 1990

Altitude: Wing Chord, inches: Speed, MPH:

Rho: Mu: Temperature: Reynolds Number:

0.002377 3.74E-07 59 0

Slugs per Cubic Foot LB-SEC/SQ. FT. Degrees F Million

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Spreadsheet #7 From Sport Aviation, August, 1990 ***Calculation of the Aerodynamic Center Along the MAC*** Zero Lift Pitching Moment: CL for Alpha=4: CM for Alpha=4: Aerodynamic Center: 0.02568 0.7275 0.03158 0.24189003 Chord

***Pitching Moments due to the Fuselage/Wing Combination*** Strip Number Width (in) Height(in) Distance (in) Dist/Chord Strip in Front of Wing: 1 36.111 15 57.25 2 42.762 18 40.75 3 45.829 18 22.589 Strips just Ahead of Leading Edge: 4 47.492 13.75 6.875 Strips Behind Trailing Edge: 5 42.897 21.41 10.705 6 29.64 26 34.41 7 20.021 28 61.41 8 13.884 30 90.41 9 9.118 29.828 120.324 Chord in Fuselage: Distance from Trailing Edge to AC of Tail: Wing Root Chord (in): Wing Tip Chord (in): Wing Area (SQ. FT.): Wing Span (ft): Distance from Wing AC to Tail AC (in): Design Lift Coefficient: Wing Linft Curve Slope dCL/dAlpha: Dynamic Pressure q at Design Point: Mean Aerodynamic Chord (in): Downwash at Tail (degrees): dEpsilon/dAlpha: Pitching Moments due to Fuselage: dCM/dCL of Fuselage: ***Pitching Moments due to Wing Airfoil*** CM of MAC Airfoil at the Design CL: Pitching Moments due to Wing: ***Pitching Moments due to Center of Gravity*** 0.012 440.045574 Foot-Pounds 56.84 99.794 58.838 22 97.41 30.666 150.76 0.185 0.0909 Get from April Spreadsheet in Sport Aviation 104.53 Get from March Spreadsheet in Sport Aviation 43.2168555 0.92486659 Note: If Tail is more than 50% of MAC 0.45443445 Above of Below Wing, Change =20 to =18 992.928998 Foot-Pounds 0.14636258 dBeta/dAlpha 1.00721323 1.352214927 0.716924701 1.447206474 0.397413793 1.636900611 0.120953554 4.628739961 0.188335679 0.605383533 1.080401126 1.590605208 2.116889514 0.05852335 0.188116626 0.335723395 0.494263999 0.657801365

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FS of Center of Gravity (in): Waterline of Center of Gravity (in): FS of Aerodynamic Center (in): Waterline of Aerodynamic Center (in): Wing Drag Coefficient: Wing Drag, Pounds: Wing Lift, Pounds: Pitching Moments due to Wing Lift: Pitching Moments due to Wing Drag: Total Moments about the CG due to Wing: Moment Coefficient CM, cg wing: ***Propeller Normal Force*** Propeler RPM: Prop Diameter (in): Average Blade Width (in): Airplane Flate Plate Drag (sq. ft.): Airplane Speed (MPH): Number of Blades: Distance from Prop to CG (in): Propeller Angle of Attack (deg): Blade Pitch Angle at 75% Radius: Propeller Thrust (Pounds): Rotation Speed (Radians/sec): Tc Prime: Coefficient of Propeller Normal Force: Propeller Normal Force (lbs): Pitching Moments due to Propeller: ***Pitching Moments due to Propeller Thrust Line*** Waterline of Thrust at FS of CG: Lever Arm of Thrust Line: Pitching Moments due to Thrust: ***Propeller Thrust for Other Conditions*** True Airspeed (MPH): Horsepower: Prop Efficiency: Thrust: ***Airspeed at the Tail*** Tail Dynamic Pressure:

106.742 -7.52 106.893 -16.239 0.0055 56.0024702 1883.71945 -23.7034698 Foot-Pounds -40.6904614 Foot-Pounds 375.651643 Foot-Pounds 0.01024398

2400 78 5 1.95 213 2 75 2.47682932 31.524532 203.8335 251.327412 0.02001848 0.00157093 0.00213947 21.7846849 136.154281

Inches Inches Square Feet MPH Inches Degrees Degrees Pounds Radians/Second

Pounds Foot-Pounds

0 Inches -7.52 Inches -127.73566 Foot-Pounds

213 MPH 117 HP 85.1149757 Percent 175.285024 Pounds

1.0587649 Times Airplane Dyn. Pres.

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***Power Off Neutral Point*** Horizontal Tail dCL/dAlpha: Tail Area: Fuselage Station of Tail Aerodynamic Center: Power Off Dynamic Pressure Ratio at Tail: Uncorrected Power-Off Neutral Point is at FS: Correction for Fuselage: Power off Neutral Point with Fuselage: 0.083636 Get from April 1990 Spreadsheet 21.57 Square Feet 257.653 Inches 0.8 120.312422 Inches -6.32533044 Inches 113.987091 Inches Aft of Datum

***Propeller Induced Downwash*** Thrust Coefficient: Value of Ribner Curve "A": Value of Ribner Curve "B": dCNp/dAlpha for Zero Thrust: dEpsilon, prop/dAlpha: dCM/dCL Due to Propeller Downwash: Propeller Downwash Moves Neutral Point: ***Normal Force Contribution*** dCM/dCL due to Normal Force: Propeller Normal Force Moves Neutral Point: ***Thrust Line Offset Contribution*** Perkins and Hage "K" Factor: dCM/dCL due to Thrust Line Offset: Thrust Line Offset Moves Neutral Point: ***Propwash Over Tail Contribution*** Extra q Over Tail Moves Neutral Point: ***Power On Neutral Point*** Power Off Neutral Point: Corrected for Propwash: Corrected for Normal Force: Corrected for Thrust Line Offset: Corrected for Tail Dynamic Pressure due to Prop: Final Power On Neutral Point is At FS: Leading Edge of MAC is at FS: Neutral Point is at : Center of Gravity is at: Static Margin is: ***Total Pitching Moments About the CG*** 113.987091 112.722826 112.010124 112.882899 113.67149 113.67149 96 40.8902731 24.8560426 16.0342305 Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Aft of Datum Inches % of the MAC % of the MAC % of the MAC 0.78859099 Inches 0.0024364 -0.02019526 0.87277571 Inches 0.00576923 0.00348048 0.25319037 0.00085147 0.00369606 0.02925399 -1.26426543 Inches

0.0164913 -0.71270218 Inches

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Due Due Due Due Due Due

to to to to to to

Fuselage Wing Airfoil Section Wing Lift vs CG Location Wing Drag vs CG Location Propeller Normal Force Thrust Line Offset

992.928998 440.045574 -23.7034698 -40.6904614 136.154281 -127.73566 1376.99926 Foot Pounds

Total Moments About the CG ***Tail Incidence for Zero Elevator*** Tail Lift Required Tail Lift Coefficient Required Incidence Required for Zero Elevator: ***Elevator Required to Trim*** Tail Incidence Selected Elevator Area/Tail Area Wing CL with Level Fuselage Airplane Angle of Attack Tail CL per Degree of Elevator Deflection Tail CL at the Selected Incidence Angle Elevator Deflection Required to Trim ***Ground Effect*** Tail CL in Ground Effect Elevator Trim Required to Trim in Ground Effect

109.494942 Pounds 0.05733416 CL,Tail 1.61038668 Degrees

1.3 Degrees 0.35 0.185 0 0.05447545 CL per Degree of Elevator Deflection 0.03137466 0.47653573 Degrees

0.07005073 -0.23343672

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Contribution 15.3063725 27.5660971 35.8122691 83.0735293 1.33430758 2.48664157 2.18055694 1.65411502 0.9440051

Sport Aviation in Sport Aviation

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Sport Aviation January, 1991 Root Chord Root Buttline Root LE @FS 1/4 Chord @ FS Tip Chord Tip Buttline Tip LE @ FS 1/4 Chord @ FS Wing Span Taper Ratio 1/4 Chord of MAC Buttline of MAC Panel Area 50.191 39.2 101.75 114.29775 20.59 173.73 77.17 82.3175 28.955 0.4102329 100.53668 97.088137 66.126166 Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Inches Feet Inches Inches Square Feet

Panel # 1 2 3 Wing Area Average Chord BL of MAC at 1/4 Chord @ FS LE MAC @FS

Panel Area BL of MAC 1/4 Chord BL Moment 1/4 Chord Moment 19.096 12.25 115.78 233.926 2210.93488 10.8525 31.713 115.053 344.16533 1248.612683 66.1262 97.088 100.537 6420.0605 6648.129769 96.0747 39.816833 72.840736 105.20644 95.252234 Square Feet Inches Inches Inches Inches

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