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Design of Concrete Buildings.

Reinforced concrete.
Requirements. 1. All work is to be in A4 format. 2. Drawings must not be larger than A3 in size and should be bound into your finished document in such away that they can be readily folded out. 3. Include code references where applicable. 4. Design in accordance with EC2. 5. Note any assumptions made. Brief. An office building is shown in plan (Figures 1 and 2) and section (Section AA). Your company is to undertake a reinforced concrete design using EC2 of the building. Design : 1. Collector beam (TUDVW) at ground floor level and located above PQRS. (See Sect AA). This design should include for robustness effects. i.e. You should consider if this beam is a key element and design it accordingly which may in some instances mean surrounding beams and columns need additional consideration. Surrounding elements should not be designed in detail. 2. Part CD of a typical column which passes from roof to gd. floor. (Sect AA) Combined office and storage. A developer requires offices together with integral storage areas. The building is rectangular in shape and the sub-basement and basement (Section AA) are to be used for storage. Above that, namely, ground, first and second floor are offices. Up to ground floor there are four rows of columns, two along the external edge to the building and two internal rows along the length of the building. Above the storage area i.e from ground floor to roof level, the client requires only one line of internal columns. The roof comprises a false mansard which hides the plant for the building. Access to the storage area is via internal lifts as indicated in Figure 1 and 2. The building will be constructed on a slope as shown in section AA and the earth retaining wall EF (Sect AA) and its foundation have been designed by others. The building is to be clad in cavity masonry walls which comprise 103mm thick brick outer skin (density 1800kg/m3) and 190mm thick block inner skin (density 1400kg/m3). Initial estimates indicate the slabs in the storage area will be 150mm thick whilst those supporting office loading may need to be 200mm. Assume all slabs have supporting beams. In the storage area it is desired the supporting beams be 300 wide x 400mm deep. The beam includes 150mm of slab and so has a down stand of 250mm. The office loading and span are larger than in the storage zone and 350 wide x 600mm deep beams should suffice. Again the slab will reduce the actual down stand of the beam to 400 mm. Collector beams at ground floor are required to transfer the office loads to the lower columns. These beams may need to be widened but the client is insistent on maintaining head clearances and the building may not be any taller. Imposed loads Office loading 5.0kN/m2. Storage 3.0kN/m2. Roof : Plant - 7.5kN/m2 and 0.75kN/m2 snow load. Consider the roof as a flat reinforced concrete slab which

carries its self weight and the two variable loads as uniformly distributed over the whole area. Ignore additional loading from the mansard.

Dead loads. False ceiling and services in offices 1.0kN/m2. Foundations. The ground below is able to sustain a pressure of 300kN/m2 without appreciable deflection. Material properties. Concrete strength - C40/50N/mm2. Reinforcement strength - 500N/mm2.

Possible shear wall locations


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Lift shaft Slab A P Q R S A

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Figure 1.
Layout of building at basement storage level (Not to scale)

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Slab B

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Lift shaft

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Figure 2.
Layout of building at Office level (Not to scale)

A 4000 2nd floor B

Office accommodation

Office beams
1st floor C

Ground floor

Collector beam
Q P R Basement level S

Sub basement level

Storage area beams

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Storage

SECTION AA
(Not to scale)

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Plant in roof void