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Revit Tutorial – Elevations, Structural Grid, Foundation & Footings and Floor Systems

• • • • • • Establishing Elevations Placing grid lines Placing foundation walls Placing footings Foundation slab floor Floor & Roof systems

Entering the Rvit Architecture program, the page will look like the one above. Click on the “R” in the upper left had corner and go to New then Project. A message box will come up, click on Browse, then select the Construction template and click Open.

Setting Building Elevations
There are two important elements to establish first, before continuing a new Revit file, the horizontal limits and the vertical limits. Vertical refers to the z coordinate, heights in the building that this tutorials refers to as Elevations. In the Revit program it is called a Level. Horizontal Is the x and y coordinates. This is the 2D view where the Structural Grid will be laid out. Start first with the z coordinate, Elevations or Level.

However.Establishing Elevations Go to Building Elevations and then East. these will have to change to reflect the correct elevations for this project. Double click on the East Elevation in the Project Browser. . The next slides gives an explanation how to create and modify them to suit the project. The template chosen at the beginning has already preloaded elevations.

much of the set up for Elevations can be achieved by altering the data within the Elevations. .The Level icon and the Grid icon are both in the Home menu. As the project sets up these icons will be used. However.

.By hovering over the Level icon. the existing Elevations can be altered. To create new Levels. Or. the tab can be seen. click on the Level icon. as will mostly be the case here.

Top of Foundation.This project has its own unique features and the Elevations are part of that. Roof Level. Main Level. Top of Parapet #2 (TOP 2). and Top of Parapet #3 (TOP 3). Top of Footings (TO Footings). Basement Level. Levels or Elevations for this project are set or named. . Top of Roof framing (TOS). There will eventually be ten (10) Levels or Elevations that are part of the project. Top of Parapet #1 (TOP 1).

double click on any level name and then change it to something that will be needed for the project. . To begin.Notice that currently there are seven (7) levels identified. The project will require ten (10) different levels. Always answer “yes” to the box that asks if you would like to rename corresponding views.

click on the Level icon. . This means that when you move one level then all that are locked together will move too. they can be dragged . To insert additional levels.By clicking on each Level line. The software locks them together (see the paddle lock symbol). click and drag the new level until it lines up with the others.

When you have finished revising and adding levels. they all should look like this.Align both ends of the levels to match the existing By clicking the little squiggly line you can adjust the levels in order to avoid level overlay. .

Structural Grid .

Placing Grid Lines Back to the Home tab. the same thing) on the Project Browser. Double click on the Main Level (Level 1. Select the Grid button. .

start at the bottom and randomly place 6 vertical grid lines.From Level 1. .

. Please notice the placing of the bubbles.Then from right to left. set 4 additional horizontal grid lines. they are to the left and top.

This should allow you to change the numbers to letters. double click on the horizontal grid bubbles. Change the names of each using letters starting from A at the top to D at the bottom.Starting with the top. .

Click on that icon.Go to the Modify tab and then Aligned Dimensions. .

and then click highlighting grid line #2. This sequence is to dimension the grid. click and highlight grid line #1.ALTERING STRUCTURAL GRID LINES – In Aligned Dimension. Place the dimension line near the top grid bubbles and click. .

Place all dimensions in one line. .Continue the process until you have a string of dimensions across the entire horizontal structural grid. Dimension the horizontal grid lines similarly. Revit will snap the dimensions to match the first dimension placed.

At this point we are going to modify the grid lines to reflect the correct dimensions. 35’-0” and 15’-0”. 19’-6” and 15’-0”. 16’-3”. . the rule is that you always identify the element you desire to change first. This will allow you to change it to what it is supposed to be. Now identify the dimension line between grid lines 1 & 2 and double click on the dimension itself. The vertical dimensions from A – D are 15’-0”. Click on grid line #2 to identify it. 19’-6”. In the Modify tab. select the Modify icon. Horizontal dimensions from grid line 1 -6 are 15’-0”.

.Repeat this process. identifying the grid line to move and changing the dimension appropriately sequentially until all of the dimensions are correct.

.When complete with the correct dimensions between all grid lines. the Structural Grid should resemble the one in this slide.

Structural Columns .

Note: make sure that the Properties Browser is set to the correct Base and Top Levels with no offsets before you place columns. Select Columns and then Architectural Columns. Go to the TO Footings level. . Select the Structures tab.

From the Properties Browser, click on the column options to observe what are loaded columns. Select the 24x24 Concrete Column. You now have the column loaded and ready to place.

Snap just one column into place at gridline 1-B.

Lets say that the 24x24 column is not exactly correct and we need a 20x20 column. Identify the placed column by clicking on it. Go to Edit Type Properties and click “duplicate.” A box appears asking for the new name, rename the column to 20x20 column and then change its properties dimensions to be 20”x20”. Verify that the Base Level is at TO Footings and the Top Level is set at Roof Level and that both top and bottom offsets are set at 0.

The column will snap to gridline intersections.The column that was inserted will now be a 20x20 column and loaded prime for placement. Begin placing the newly created 20x20 concrete column to the indicated gridline intersections. . Insert all of the concrete columns at this time.

but this time select the Structural Column. . So go to Structures – Column .There are 4 interior columns but they are structural steel.

click on the Load tab. If that column is not listed in the Type tab. If so. This window will appear. Assuming that the project calls for a W12x40 column. Verify that the W-Wide Flange Columns are loaded. Then select the Type tab. then it will need to be loaded.Select Edit Type Properties. click on the Family tab. .

select it and press OK. Scroll down to the W12x40.From the new window. . then to Columns and then to Steel – Wide Flange at the bottom. go to Structural.

There are no limitations definable for this column. Select all Instances and Visible in View. Place this column at the denoted 4 grid locations. . Set the Properties Browser column. so we will probably need to alter the base and top constraints. Right Click. the base constraint TO Footings and the top constraint to Roof. Now select one of the columns.

If any columns do not meet the property criteria.By clicking the 3D icon your model should reflect something like this. . select any outof-line columns and change their constraint properties.

Foundation Walls .

Placing Foundation Walls For this section begin by going to the TO Footings level. Then go to the Structure tab and select Wall then Structural Wall. .

Click on the Properties Browser and select from the pull-down menu the Foundation 12” Concrete. .

. the Base Constraint at TO Footings and its offset at 0. Set the Location Line at Finish Face Interior.This is where the foundation walls are inserted. the Top Constraint at Unconnected and its offset at 16’-0”.

. Start placing the walls. moving in a clockwise direction from outside corner of column to outside corner of column.By selecting Finish Face Interior then the direction on wall placement should go in 1 specific direction.

The completed foundation wall with the columns should look like this. .

For placement of the building footings. go to the Structure tab. . select Wall foundation.

Then change the Width and Thickness values to reflect the 24”x18 footing and click OK. neither are acceptable for this project. To ensure that the footing which was selected does not change. click for the pull down menu. The Properties has only 2 footings loaded. select Duplicate and rename the new footing 24”x18” Cont. a change will be made. Therefore. .From the Properties Browser. Click on Edit Type and the Type Properties window appears. Footing. Then select the Bearing Footing – 36”x12”.

By hovering over a foundation wall.The next part is very easy as the system knows exactly where the foundation was are located. Do not concern yourself if you get a warning window because in this view. . the system will put the footing correctly under the foundation wall. but they are there. Proceed to highlight all foundation walls and insert a footing under each. seeing it highlight and clicking on that wall. the view range does not see the footings.

Next are the column footings. . select Isolated Foundation. From the Structure tab.

The footing that is desired may not be loaded. soStill in the Structures tab. Length = 4’-0” and Thickness = 1’-6” . Change the name of the footing to be 48x48x18 spot footing and change the dimensional properties to Width = 4’-0”. click Duplicate. click Edit Type and in the pull-up window.

You may get a warning window.Place the new footing by snapping it to the structural grid intersections. but this typically is referencing that the footing can’t be seen in the current view. Place this footing at all columns. . Go to the 3D view to view the footings.

This is an underside view of the building.Having selected all foundation walls and placing all spot footings. . your 3D model should look like this view.

Basement Floor Slab .

Placing Floor Slabs Go to the basement level and select Structures then Slab – Foundation Slab. .

look in the Properties Browser pull-down menu to verify. go to Edit Type – Duplicate and change the name of this default slab to a 6” concrete slab.The floor may already be loaded. If not. .

creating the slab boundaries. Make sure that none of the boundary lines overlap and/or do not cross. Click on each foundation wall to identify the perimeter. . be sure to keep the boundaries inside the walls.You are now in the “Create Floor” mode. click the green “check mark.” to finish the floor system. After identifying all walls creating a closed loop.

By this point. the 3D view should look like this. .

Suspended Floor & Roof Systems .

Placing Floor Systems Go to the Main Level floor plan. . Then go to Structure tab then select Beams – W-Wide Flange.

Then go to Structural and Framing – W-Wide Flange. go to the Structure menu and select Beam. Select from the window the appropriate beam to be used according to the project. Click on Edit Type. perimeter beams are W30x99 and interior purlins are .First. . pick the W-Wide Flange Family then Load. There are two different sizes. the family should load.

Be sure that the offsets are set accurately before you begin. Place the W30x99 beams from face of column to face of column in the Main Level around the perimeter of the structural framework.From Level 1 begin placing the beams. . notice the offsets of the beam.

And. . the W12x50 beams are to be placed in the other 3 highlighted positions.Placed W30x99 beams should be placed at all of these locations.

Rarely will the Automatic Beam System work properly. so select Sketch Beam System. Set the fixed distance to 4’-0”. .From the Main Level go to Structure – Beam System.

click the green arrow. When finished defining the framing area. Do one area at a time. Each individual framing will be identified until all framing areas are complete. to change the direction click the Beam Direction tab. The parallel lines represent the direction of the joists. .From center of column to center of column sketch the boundaries of the framing area.

then select Framing and then Steel. select the K Series Bar Joists and then the 18K9 joist. Since the beam system rarely recognizes the Bar Joists planned for the framing. go down to Structural and click. right click and select all instances in the project. . Then click all of the Oks.Notice that the framing has been populated by W12x50 beams. The steel window comes up. some altering of properties will be done. Select one of the W12x50 beam trusses. Then click on Edit Type.

This will complete the floor framing structure for the Main Level. .This action will change all of the W12x50 beams to the K Series truss that was selected.

Up in the red box click the Copy to Clipboard icon.ROOF STRUCTURE – Next the roof structure and system will be installed. . Go to the Level 1 and click to identify one of the bar joists. Right click and go to Identify all Instances.

Please note: that this process must be completed for all of structure including beams. Then go to the TOS – 2 level and click on the Paste icon. . This might take a little time. The roof structure in this building is the same as the floor structure. Go to the Roof Level click on the Paste icon and Aligned to Current View and click. but when the system is finished you should have copied all of the K Series joists to the top of steel at the roof. then down to Align to Current View and click.

there is a slight modification that needs to be accomplished.With the roof structure in place. By copying the Level 1 structure to the roof. . From endpoint to endpoint copy the joist 4’-0” to the right. Repeat the process one more time and it is finished. it has a hole in it for the stairs. Select the last bar joist and then click on the Copy icon. Go to the TOS – 2 level and zoom in to the stairway area.

change the composition to reflect the one shown then click all of the Ok’s to end the process. So. follow this: From the Level 1 click on the Structure – Floor – Structural Floor icon sequence. click on the Duplicate button then rename the slab to 4” light weight concrete on 2” metal deck and click OK. Select Edit Type and be sure that the roof slab is set for the 3” light weight concrete on 2” metal deck. Notice that the structural composition of this slab as not at all what is called out for. In this new window. Now click on the Edit button. Thus option has a total thickness of 5. Identifying the boundaries for creating a new slab involves hovering over and clicking on the exterior walls.To put in the Level 1 floor and/or Roof Level concrete slabs. . this being the perimeter of the building.” the requirement is a 6” roof deck.

If you copied the slab from another level. Boundary properties were copied with that slab. For the Level 1 slab. Creating a new slab involves hovering over and clicking on the exterior walls. Modify the boundaries to accommodate the stairwell.Both slabs will be the same. then you would need to “Edit Boundary” for one or the other. The process involves going to the Structure menu then click on Structural Floor and select the new slab that was just created. so you could copy and paste the one just made to the correct level. Remember though. . if you do this the slabs do not have the same perimeters (Level 1 – stair well). consideration must be taken for the stair well. The second option would be to repeat the same process for the next level. this being the perimeter of the building. then you will need to Edit Boundaries after clicking the green checkmark to finish the process.

.Now your model will reflect the changes to the floor system for the stairway and should resemble the one show on this slide.

End of this Section for the Tutorial .