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ASVAB Mechanical Comprehension Practice Test

What is the pressure of a water tank that measures 19 ft. square by 14 ft. deep?
1.2 psi

361 psi

2.4 psi

46.0 psi

If the radius of the axle is 5" and the radius of the wheel is 8", what is the mechanical advantage of this wheel and axle configuration?

8 5

What's the first gear in a gear train called?

Idler Gear

Driven Gear

Driver Gear

If A = 8 ft., B = 3 ft., C = 5 ft., the green box weighs 50 lbs. and the blue box weighs 70 lbs., what does the orange box have to weigh for this lever to balance?
380.00 lb.

1,220.00 lb.

12.20 lb.

38.00 lb.

This image represents what configuration of pulley?

Movable

Complex

Fixed

Simple

Solutions

What is the pressure of a water tank that measures 19 ft. square by 14 ft. deep?
1.2 psi

361 psi

2.4 psi

46.0 psi

SOLUTION
Pressure is equal to force per unit area or F . For water, F = w d where w is the weight of water
lb. and d its depth. Water weighs 62.4 3 so: ft. A

F=wd

= 62.4

lb. ft.3

14ft.=873.6

lb. ft.2

The area (A) of the pool is 19ft.19ft.= 361ft.2 so:

873.6
lb.

P= F

361 ft.2

ft.2

= 2.4 psi

If the radius of the axle is 5" and the radius of the wheel is 8", what is the mechanical advantage of this wheel and axle configuration?

8 5

SOLUTION
The mechanical advantage of a wheel and axle lies in the difference in radius between the inner (axle) wheel and the outer wheel. But, this mechanical advantage is only realized when the input effort and load are applied to different wheels. Applying both input effort and load to the same wheel results in a mechanical advantage of 1.

What's the first gear in a gear train called?

Idler Gear

Driven Gear

Driver Gear

SOLUTION
A gear train is two or more gears linked together. Gear trains are designed to increase or reduce the speed or torque outpout of a rotating system or change the direction of its output. The first gear in the chain is called the driver and the last gear in the chain the driven gear with the gears between them called idler gears.

If A = 8 ft., B = 3 ft., C = 5 ft., the green box weighs 50 lbs. and the blue box weighs 70 lbs., what does the orange box have to weigh for this lever to balance?
380.00 lb.

1,220.00 lb.

12.20 lb.

38.00 lb.

SOLUTION
In order for this lever to balance, the torque acting on each side of the fulrum must be equal. So, the torque produced by A must equal the torque produced by B and C. Torque is weight x distance from the fulcrum which means that the following must be true for the lever to balance: fAdA = fBdB + fCdC For this problem, this equation becomes: 50 lb. x 8 ft. = 70 lb. x 3 ft. + fC x 5 ft. 400 ft. lb. = 210 ft. lb. + fC x 5 ft. fC =
400 ft.lb.210 ft.lb. 5 ft.

This image represents what configuration of pulley?

Movable

Complex

Fixed

Simple

SOLUTION
A fixed pulley changes the direction of the effort but does not multiply effort. A movable pulley multiplies effort but does not change the direction of the effort. A block and tackle is a combination of one or more fixed and movable pulleys and both multiplies effort and changes the direction of the effort.

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