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Inlet Data

Inlet Edge Constants


Constants for Inlet Control Design Equations
Shape and
Material

Inlet Edge Description

Unsubmerged
Eq

Submerged

Nomograph Chart
Scale
Number

Form
Circular Concrete

Circular CMP

Circular

Rectangular Box

Square edge w/headwall

0.0098

2.0

0.0398

0.67

Groove end w/headwall

0.0078

2.0

0.0292

0.74

Groove end projecting

0.0045

2.0

0.0317

0.69

Headwall

0.0078

2.0

0.0379

0.69

Mitered to slope

0.021

1.33

0.0463

0.75

Projecting

0.034

1.5

0.0553

0.54

Beveled ring, 45o bevels

0.0018

2.5

0.03

0.74

Beveled ring, 33.7o


bevels

0.0018

2.5

0.0243

0.83

30 to 75o wingwall flares

0.026

1.0

0.0385

0.81

90 and 15o wingwall


flares

0.061

0.75

0.04

0.8

0o wingwall flares

0.061

0.75

0.0423

0.82

Rectangular Box

45o wingwall flare

0.51

0.67

0.0309

0.80

18 to 33.7o wingwall flare

0.486

0.67

0.0249

0.83

Rectangular Box

90o headwall w 3/4 in


chamfers

0.515

0.67

0.0375

0.79

90o headwall w 45o


bevels

0.495

0.67

0.0314

0.82

90o headwall w 33.7o


bevels

0.486

0.67

0.0252

0.865

3/4 inch chamfers, 45o


headwall

0.522

0.67

0.0402

0.73

3/4 inch chamfers, 30o


headwall

0.533

0.67

0.0425

0.703

3/4 inch chamfers, 15o


headwall

0.545

0.67

0.04505

0.68

45o bevels, 10 - 45o


skewed headwall

0.498

0.67

0.0327

0.75

45o non-offset wingwall


flares

0.497

0.67

0.0339

0.803

18.4o non-offset wingwall


flares

0.493

0.67

0.0361

0.806

18.4o non-offset wingwall

0.495

0.67

0.0386

0.71

Rectangular Box

Rectangular Box,
3/4" chamfers

10

11

12

flares, 30o skewed barrel


Rectangular Box

C M Boxes

Horizontal Ellipse
Concrete

Vertical Ellipse
Concrete

Pipe Arch, 18"


Corner Radius CM

Pipe Arch, 18"


Corner Radius CM

Pipe Arch, 31"


Corner Radius CM

Arch CM

45o wingwall flares offset

0.497

0.67

0.0302

0.835

33.7o wingwall flares offset

0.495

0.67

0.0252

0.881

18.4o wingwall flares offset

0.493

0.67

0.0227

0.887

90o headwall

0.0083

2.0

0.0379

0.69

Thick wall projecting

0.0145

1.75

0.0419

0.64

Thin wall projecting

0.034

1.5

0.0496

0.57

Square edge with


headwall

0.01

2.0

0.0398

0.67

Groove end with headwall

0.018

2.5

0.0292

0.74

Groove end projecting

0.045

2.0

0.0317

0.69

Square edge with


headwall

0.01

2.0

0.0398

0.67

Groove end with headwall

0.0018

2.5

0.0292

0.74

Groove end projecting

0.0095

2.0

0.0317

0.69

90o headwall

0.0083

2.0

0.0379

0.69

Mitered to slope

0.03

1.0

0.0463

0.75

Projecting

0.034

1.5

0.0496

0.57

Projecting

0.0296

1.5

0.0487

0.55

No bevels

0.0087

2.0

0.0361

0.66

33.7o bevels

0.003

2.0

0.0264

0.75

Projecting

0.0296

1.5

0.0487

0.55

no bevels

0.0087

2.0

0.0361

0.66

33.7o bevels

0.003

2.0

0.0264

0.75

90o headwall

0.0087

2.0

0.0379

0.69

13

16-19

29

30

34

35

36

40-42

Mitered to slope

0.03

1.0

0.0463

0.75

Thin wall projecting

0.034

1.5

0.0496

0.57

Circular

Smooth tapered inlet


throat

0.534

0.56

0.0196

0.89

Rough tapered inlet throat

0.519

0.64

0.0289

0.9

Elliptical Inlet Face

Tapered inlet - beveled


edges

0.536

0.62

0.0368

0.83

Tapered inlet - square


edges

0.5035

0.72

0.0478

0.8

Tapered inlet - thin wall


projecting

0.547

0.8

0.0598

0.75

Rectangular

Tapered inlet throat

0.475

0.67

0.0179

0.97

57

Rectangular
Concrete

Sides tapered - less


favorable slopes

0.56

667

0.0466

0.85

58

55

56

Rectangular
Concrete

Sides tapered - more


favorable slopes

0.56

667

0.0378

0.87

Slope tapered - less


favorable slopes

0.5

0.67

0.0466

0.65

Slope tapered - more


favorable slopes

0.5

0.67

0.0378

0.71

Source: FHWA, HDS No. 5, Hydraulic Design of Highway Culverts, 1985.

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