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GRAMMAR

English For Young Learners

GROUP 9 I Putu Herry Setyawan Jodi (3148) I Kadek Agus Suardiawan (3149) I Made Wardi Astina (3150)
ENGLISH FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MAHASARASWATI UNIVERSITY DENPASAR 2011

5.6 The lost pet


Level 1, Age group A,B Language : To present a structure in contex Other : To involve the children in the situation or story. Description : The teacher present a structure using interactive storytelling. In this example, the structure is Is it + preposition, and is suitable for beginners, but you and adapt the technique to other structures and levels ( for examples, can you / I can,whould you like. . . ) Materials Preparation In class : A toy or puppet : Hide the toy or puppet in the class room. : Introduce the situation by drawing or displaying a picture of an empty cage. Tell the children that they are going to imaginethat their class have a pet. Tell them what kind of animal it is and ask them to think a name for it. Tell them that unfortunately, the pet has escaped and that they must find it in English Point to the chair and ask them : it is under che chair ? Ask the class to suggest more question,using different prepositions and furniture,for example : it is in the cupboard? Look in each place mentioned. Continue until they find the pet. Ask the question again , this time just pointing to the different pieces of furniture, and encouraging the children to join in as much as possible.

Comment and Variation.

5.7 Keeping The Rules


Level (2),3 Age Group (B),C Time 20 minutes AIMS : Language : the language permission, deducing meaning and language rules from context. Other : to think about behavior in public places

Description : The children match sentences to places and then focus on the language. Preparation : 1. adapt the rules to suit your childrens environment (see below) 2. Make copies of the rules (one for every pair of children),or copy them onto a poster or the board. In class : 1. Ask the children to think of places that have rules and make a list on the board of the places they suggest. Add any others that are in your example .( The answer to the rules below are : Library, swimming pool, football match, park .) 2. Give out the copies of the rules , or put up your poster and tell the children that each set of sentences refers to one of the places on the board. Tell them to read the sentences and decide which place the refer to. 3. Let them work in pairs to solve the puzzle and then check the answers. 4. Now ask them to look at the sentences again and find sentences that express obligation to do something (must) , and then go on to prohibition (mustnt or cant), permission (can or may), and impossibility (cant). 5. Ask them to write some sentences for another situation for example , rules for the classroom ,in the home , in the kitchen , or how to keep healthy.

Follow up

: (for advanced classes.) Ask the children to look at the sentences carefully and then to work out a rule about must, mustnt,can and cannt ( they are followed by an infinitive without to). You will probably have to do this step in the childrens first language as the concepts are difficult to express in simple English .
Rules You must keep quiet You may read any book You mustnt eat You mustnt run You mustnt wear clothes You cant drink the water You can shout You must buy a ticket You mustnt fight You can play games You mustn Places

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Comments

: In this activity , the function is that of permission and obligation and is suitable for older children, but you can adapt the technique to other function and other levels. (though it is not suitable for very young children who have not yet developed the ability to deduce grammatical rules from examples of language)

5.8 colour parsing Level : 2,3 Age group : B,C Time : 30 minutes AIMS : Language : to learn how a sentence constructed Materials : Colour calk,coloured pencil Preparation : 1. decide which structure you are going to focus on ( in this example question with like) 2. Decide on the colours you are going to use. In this case you anly need four. Red Like,Love,hate (verb) Blue I,you,he,she,etc (subject pronouns) Yellow do,does (auxalary verbs) Green pizza,coffe,tea,bananas,tomatoes(Noun) In class : 1.Divide your board into two halves. On the left write some words that fit into the sentence structure you have choosen, like this.

Like do you she Love hate does he Coffee bananas

2. underline the verb in red and invite the children to find and underline other red words. Do the same with the blue, yellow , and green words.

Like do you she Love hate does he Coffee bananas

3.write your model sentence on the right of the board and ask the children to underline the words in the appropriate colours. Like do you she Love hate does he Coffee bananas Do you like bananas?

4. show the children how to make other sentences like yours, using the word on the left . Then they make some of their own, either individually or in group.