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Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction

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Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ... RAMESH KRISHNA REDDY Online Tutorials | PREV

RAMESH KRISHNA REDDY

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DRONA SERIES

CICS TUTORIAL / STUDY MATERIAL

CHAPTER - 1

Introduction to CICS

INTRODUCTION

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Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ... RAMESH KRISHNA REDDY Online Tutorials | PREV

Customer Information Control System ( CICS ) is introduced by IBM in 1960s

to support online programming on Mainframes.

CICS acts like a sub-operating

system, it manages its own memory space, control the concurrent execution of

multiple applications. CICS is it self is a batch job running on Mainframe to

enable application programes to respond to online requests.

You can see the

CICS job running on mainframe, by checking in the spool.System operators daily

run this CICS job.

We can observe multiple instances of CICS jobs are running

on mainframe. We call each CICS instance as CICS region.

Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction

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Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ... As depicted in above picture, CICS is

As depicted in above picture, CICS is a high priority batch job running on mainframe Operating System (OS) along with other batch jobs. CICS acts as a

interface between OS and Online Application programs.

Online programs get

triggered by the user by entering a peace of data on terminals.

Online

programs need to be designed in such way that these programs respond to user

instantly with required data.

Online Reservation Systems showed in the picture allows users to enter train

no,date. When user enters required data and press F1,this data will be passed to CICS on Mainframes. CICS then trigger corresponding online progam ( Online

program1 in the picture)

send back the data to user. This process is called

Transaction.

In CICS, every transaction type is defined by 1 to 4 character

word called TRANSACTION ID. One program is attached to this TRANSACTION ID. We

define this mapping in CICS Table called PCT (Program Control Table).

Batch VS Online Programming

Batch COBOL programs executed OS by submitting jcl to operating system, this process is called batch processing.

COBOL programs ( which contains CICS commands ) get executed by CICS, this process is called Online processing.

Batch jobs may run for hours, once job is completed, it will end.

Whereas in

online programming, program is normally written to respond within secs.

Sample CICS command

Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction

http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ...

Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ... If you know how to write batch

If you know how to write batch COBOL program, by reading this tutorial,you will learn , how to write online-COBOL programs.

CICS Program format

IDENTIFICATION DIVISION.

PROGRAM-ID.

XXXX.

ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. DATA DIVISION. WORKING-STORAGE DIVISION. ... ... ... LINKAGE SECTION. ... ... PROCEDURE DIVISIO ... MOVE ... .... EXEC CICS RECEIVE .... ...

END-EXEC. ... ... EXEC CICS READ ... ... ...

END-EXEC.

...

...

Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction

EXEC CICS RETURN END-EXEC. ... ... GOBACK.

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In above sample CICS program, you can see there are few CICS commands coded in COBOL program. RECEIVE command is used to receive data from terminal, READ com-

mand is used to read the data from VSAM file. RETURN command is used to return

the control back to calling program

or to CICS itself. If you observe in this

sample program,

CICS commands are used to talk with external world like

terminals, files, databases, storage control.

Actual logic of the program is

written using normal COBOL Verbs.

We dont use some COBOL Verbs in CICS programs

.. CICS READ,WRITE etc ..

for example

OPEN,READ,WRITE,REWRITE,CLOSE. Instead we use CICS commands like

NEXT CHAPTER TOPIC : CICS Concepts

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Customer Information Control System (CICS) - Introduction EXEC CICS RETURN END-EXEC. ... ... GOBACK. http://www.mainframegurukul.com/tutorials/programming/cics/introduct ...

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