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Q1. define and clasify amino acids in detail. 5 2. a: wat r GAGS.

enumerate various classes f gags 1+ 2 b: explain optical activity of carbohydrates. 2 3.write short notes on 5 epimers imp f cellulose n human digestive system functions f mitochondria dextrans recemic mixture\ 4. describe structure n function f cell membrane 5 5. a.describe essential fatty acid 2 b.describ cis trans fatty acids 1 c. draw structure f ganglioside 2 6. write short notes on adsorptopn 2 emulsions n emulsifying agents 2 zwitter ion 1 7. a. wat r buffers?name difrn t body buffers. 1+ 2 b. wat is d role f plasma prteins n regulation f acid/base balance. 2 8.write functions f d followng iron 1.5 copper 1.5 magnesium 1 zinc 1 9.define electrophoresis .name its types n explain 2D-electrophoresis 1+1+3 10.wat r enxymes .give their properties. 5

1. define landstieners law.tabulate various agglutinins , agglutinogens, possible genotypes and phenotypes n ABO BLOOD GROUP SYSTEM. 2. a house surgeon n d surgicall ward obtaind 3ml of blood in a glass syringe. the blood ws allowd to clot n syringe a. make a flow chart f d mechanism by which clotting took place n d tube. b. which mechanism (extrinsic / intrinsic) will b affected in a patient who is suffring frm hemophilia and why?? c. how heparin prevents intravascular blood coagulatn 3. give physiologicl basis of unstable RMP n cardiac pacemaker cells. enlist salient features b/w SA nodal actn pot and ventricular muscle fibre actn pot 4. a 58 yrrs old man reportd to d emergncy dett f a teaching hosp wid coplaints f didficulty n breathing and crushing chest pain radiating to his left arm. after investigating properlly he ws diagnosd as a case f myocardial infarctn a. enlit serial ECG changwes n transmural infarctn. b. highlite d concept f significact Q-wave n myocardial infarctn c. name d ECG leads which will u consider to look fr d inferior wall infarct. 5. define mean arterial pressure.wat do knw abt CNS ISCHEMIC RESPONSE n CUSHINGS REACTN? 6. a college boy after having a a roadside accident ws brought to d emergency while hwe ws bleeding profusel;. d boy ws drowsy n skin ws pale , cold n clammy. on examinatbn, pulse ws thrweady n rapid....arterial bp ws 70/ 50 a. y ws d skin pale n cold? b. enumerate d reasn f rapid n thready pulse c. wat r various catergories f hemorrage. 7. define active transport . give a brief summary f various types f active transports by giving eg. 8. draw n lael spike actn pot fr myelinatd nerve fibre? give ionic basis fr absolute refractry period n after depolarixatn 9. enumerate functn diff b/w skeltal n one unit smooth muscle fibre 10. wat do u knw abt counter current heat exchange sickle cell anemia??

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Cystometrogram Neostigmin to Myesthenia Gravis. Physiology of pigmentation in Addissons disease. Differentiate between Haemolytic and Obstructive Jaundice. Corpus luteum effect on Menstrual Cycle and Pregnency.

1. Nucleus of Basal Ganglia, connections, functions, disorder. 2. Decompression sickness.

1.describe the mecahnism fr locking and unlocking of knee joint? 2.give attatchmnt ,nerve supply and actions of hamstrings? 3name d boundaries and contexts of axilla? 4.draw labelld histological structure of lymph node? 5.classify exorine gklands with examples? 6.classify skeletal muscles on basis of directtion of fibers with examples 7.discuss blood suppl of long bones 8.what is gastrulation.discuss mechanisnm n detail. 9.discus phases of fertilization 10.a persn presnted wid C\O extreme flexion and loss of grip at wrist.he has a history of fall and fracture of mid shaft of humerus.which nerve is injured? write d muscles involvd?discuss d deformity!!

Paper- H 1a- What are the components of ATP synthase complex. Give role of each. (3) 1b- What are uncouplers. How they act. Give example of synthetic and natural uncouplers. (3) 2a- What is gluconeoge nesis. Give its regulation. (4) 2b- Give fate of Glucose-6-P (2) 3a- Give biosynthesis of lecithin. (3) 3b- How entry of fatty acid in mitochondria is regulated. (3) 4- Give amines of Histidine, tyrosine and tryptophan and their roles. (6) 5- Enumerate the androgens. Which is the

most potent androgen. Give its synthesis from pregnenolone and mechanism of action. (6) 6- Enumerate the causes of hyperuricemia. How gout occurs in glycogen storage diseases. (3+3) 7- What are the causes of hyponatremia. How body compensates the condition of hyponatremia. (3+3) 8a- What are various types of mutations? (4) 8b- What is genetic code? Give it's characteri stics. (2+2