You are on page 1of 2

A Study of Rain Attenuation Calculation and Strategic Power control for Ka Band Communication in India

Atmospheric effects play a major role in the design of satellite-to-earth links operating at frequencies above 10 GHz. Raindrops absorb and scatter radiowaves, leading to signal attenuation and reduction of the system availability and reliability. The method for the prediction of rain attenuation on microwave paths has been grouped into two classes: the empirical method which is based on measurement databases from stations in different climatic zones within a given region and the physical method which make an attempt to reproduce the physical behaviour involved in the attenuation process. However, when a physical approach is used notall the input parameters needed for the analysis is available. Empirical method is therefore the most used methodologies The main rain fade mitigation techniques are up/down link power control, diversity, adaptive coding, adaptive modulation, data rate reduction and onboard beam shaping. Here we are proposing downlink power control for 16 spot beams using the multi-beam configuration, where the total system capacity is divided among 16 spot beams. In conventional multi-beam transponder concept, one individual high power amplifier is used for each beam. But in multibeam concept using MPA [7][11] the power required for each beam is shared between a number of high power amplifiers depending upon the traffic requirements leading to uniform loading of the power amplifiers. The 16x16 MPA system consists of input and output hybrid networks. The signals from each beam are connected to an input hybrid network. Thus the signals from each beam shares the power of each amplifiers by the help of hybrid network. The output hybrid network separates out signal for each beam. The basic working principal of this hybrid network is similar to butler matrix but in this configuration there is no need to use multiple fixed phase shifters. The principle of MPA has been effectively used for rain fade mitigation to optimize the down link power of the beam experiencing the rain fading.

Here we can increase the system capacity by frequency reuse. The proposed technique neither degrades any transmit capacity nor requires any extra transmit RF power and it is easy to control from a satellite master control station. Present conventional techniques either cause degradation of system capacity or reduction of throughput and most of the present techniques are for uplink power control. The use of multi-port power amplifier in a multi-beam satellite communication system improves the beam transmission reliability and leads to efficient use of system capacity. The proposed novel technique for the mitigation of rain fade in Ka-band downlink does not require any additional onboard transmitting power. We also can design an efficient algorithm using closed loop feedback system so that the excess power from the low traffic beam can be divided optimally among the beams suffering attenuation. Also using other technique like simultaneous X/Ka band communication where the communication will be in Ku band for the rain affected beams as there is very less rain attenuation in Ku band only for the period of attenuation.